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Distal tibial fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636058/percutaneous-tibial-physeal-fracture-repair-in-small-animals-technique-and-17-cases
#1
Dirsko J F von Pfeil, Mathieu Glassman, Meaghan Ropski
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively describe cases treated via percutaneous tibial physeal fracture repair (PTPFR), using intra-operative fluoroscopy (IFL) or digital radiography (DR). To describe a technique ("spiking"), used to treat tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures. METHODS: Clinical data of 14 dogs and three cats were included. The "spiking" technique was described. RESULTS: Intra-operative fluoroscopy (n = 11) and DR (n = 6) were successfully used in 11 tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures, one combined proximal physeal and tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture, and five distal tibial/fibular physeal fractures...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633789/displaced-salter-harris-type-i-distal-fibula-fractures-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Jeremy Korsh, Stephen Adolfsen
Salter-Harris type I (SH-I) fractures of the distal fibula are commonly encountered in pediatric orthopedics. We describe 2 unique cases of adolescents with completely displaced SH-I distal fibula fractures that were treated operatively. In the first case, a closed reduction attempt failed and the patient required open reduction and internal fixation of the distal fibula and syndesmosis. The syndesmotic ligaments were avulsed from the distal fibular metaphysis. In the second case, closed reduction of the distal fibula fracture was partially successful, but anatomic reduction could not be achieved without open reduction...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620592/the-role-of-fibular-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-combined-distal-tibia-and-fibula-fracture-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Mohammad Javdan, Mohammad Ali Tahririan, Morteza Nouri
BACKGROUND: This randomized, parallel-group, non-blinded study was designed to determine the role of fibular fixation in the treatment outcomes of combined distal tibia and fibula fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with distal tibial and fibular fractures were randomly divided in two groups of case and controls. In the case group, fibula was fixed prior to the fixation of tibia. In the control group, tibia was fixed without fibular fixation. Primary outcomes were varus-valgus angulation, anterior-posterior angulation, union and side effects...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588330/supracutaneous-plating-using-a-locking-plate-for-the-treatment-of-a-tibial-fracture-in-a-cat
#4
Tommaso Nicetto, Federico Longo
Radiographs revealed a slightly displaced long oblique diaphyseal tibial fracture with bone fissures running distally in a 2-year-old, 4.5 kg cat that had been hit by a car. An angle stable implant was applied in a supracutaneous fashion. The patient tolerated the external implant and had a satisfactory functional recovery. Radiographic follow-up after 60 days revealed sign of osseous union; therefore, the plate was removed.
June 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584887/intramedullary-tibial-nailing-of-distal-tibiofibular-fractures-additional-fibular-fixation-or-not
#5
M Van Maele, B Molenaers, E Geusens, S Nijs, H Hoekstra
INTRODUCTION: The anatomy of the distal tibia accounts for reduced biomechanical stability and higher complication rates when treating distal tibiofibular fractures with an intramedullary tibia nail (IMTN). The goal of this study was to identify variables that affect the stability of IMTN. We assessed the value of additional fibular fixation, angular stable interlocking screws (ASLS) and multiplanar screw configuration in IMTN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed including 184 distal tibial fractures and associated fibula fracture treated with IMTN...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580249/endoscopic-adhesiolysis-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-muscle
#6
Tun Hing Lui
Adhesion of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle to the distal tibia can occur after distal tibial fracture, distal fibular fracture, low tibial osteotomy, soft-tissue injury at the posterior ankle, subclinical compartment syndrome of the distal deep posterior compartment of the leg, or Volkmann contracture after deep posterior compartment syndrome of the leg. The purpose of this Technical Note is to report the endoscopic approach of FHL muscle adhesiolysis. It is indicated in patients with symptomatic adhesion of the FHL muscle and contraindicated if there is entrapment of the FHL muscle or tendon in the fracture callus or if there is extensive fibrosis and contracture of the FHL muscle as a result of Volkmann contracture after deep posterior compartment syndrome of the leg...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567150/cortical-fenestration-for-megaprosthesis-stem-revision
#7
Vincent Y Ng, Philip Louie, Stephanie Punt, Ernest U Conrad Iii
BACKGROUND: The most common modes of failure for megaprostheses are aseptic loosening followed by periprosthetic infection and stem fracture. Surgical technique for bone and implant exposure is controversial and may influence the success of revision and the need for additional future revisions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cortical fenestration for megaprosthesis revision, particularly for stem fracture. METHODS: From 1985-2014, 196 adult and pediatric patients underwent limb salvage with a distal femoral or proximal tibial megaprosthesis (109 cemented, 87 pressfit)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566786/short-and-mid-term-results-of-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-global-modular-replacement-system
#8
Dariusz Marczak, Jacek Kowalczewski, Jarosław Czubak, Tomasz Okoń, Marek Synder, Marcin Sibiński
BACKGROUND: The original knee megaprostheses with fixed or rotating hinge articulation were custom made and only used for reconstruction of the knee following distal femoral or proximal tibial tumor resections. The aim of the study was to analyze the short- and mid-term results of revision total knee arthroplasty with Global Modular Replacement System (GMRS) used in difficult situations not amenable to reconstruction with standard total knee replacement implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients (9 knees) were treated with this comprehensive modular implant system, with a mean age of 73...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566781/a-comparative-study-of-intramedullary-interlocking-nailing-and-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-in-extra-articular-distal-tibial-fractures
#9
Arup K Daolagupu, Ashwani Mudgal, Vikash Agarwala, Kaushik K Dutta
BACKGROUND: Extraarticular distal tibial fractures are among the most challenging fractures encountered by an orthopedician for treatment because of its subcutaneous location, poor blood supply and decreased muscular cover anteriorly, complications such as delayed union, nonunion, wound infection, and wound dehiscence are often seen as a great challenge to the surgeon. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and intramedullary interlocking nail (IMLN) are two well-accepted and effective methods, but each has been historically related to complications...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529014/comparative-prospective-study-between-medial-and-lateral-distal-tibial-locking-compression-plates-for-distal-third-tibial-fractures
#10
Sandeep Garg, Vikram Khanna, Mahaveer Prashad Goyal, Narendra Joshi, Amrut Borade, Ishan Ghuse
PURPOSE: Tibial fracture is the most common long bone fracture. Distal third tibial fractures are challenging though open reduction and plating can result in anatomical reduction and rigid fixation. This paper aimed to evaluate and compare the results of medial and lateral locking compression plates for distal third tibial fractures. METHODS: This prospective clinical study involved 36 patients with distal tibial fractures admitted in Department of Orthopaedics, Sawai Mansingh Medical College & Affiliated Hospital, Jaipur, India, from June 2011 to May 2012, including 29 closed fractures and 7 open fractures at the mean age of 38...
April 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503349/medial-malleolar-fractures-an-anatomic-survey-determining-the-ideal-screw-length
#11
P J Labronici, R E Pires, M V Franco, R Freitas, G C Araújo, R S Pires E Albuquerque, V S Gameiro, K Jeray
BACKGROUND: Medial malleolar fractures are frequent, and their treatment is familiar to the orthopedic surgeon. Lag screw fixation using partially threaded screws remains the standard treatment method for medial malleolar fractures. However, the literature lacks a defined method for selecting lag screw length, relying more so on the empiric choice of the surgeon. AIM: The aim of this study is to help define the ideal lag screw length for medial melleolar fracture fixation...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499093/the-segond-fracture-is-an-avulsion-of-the-anterolateral-complex
#12
Humza Shaikh, Elmar Herbst, Ata Amir Rahnemai-Azar, Marcio Bottene Villa Albers, Jan-Hendrik Naendrup, Volker Musahl, James J Irrgang, Freddie H Fu
BACKGROUND: The Segond fracture was classically described as an avulsion fracture of the anterolateral capsule of the knee. Recently, some authors have attributed its pathogenesis to the "anterolateral ligament" (ALL). Biomechanical studies that have attempted to reproduce this fracture in vitro have reported conflicting findings. PURPOSE: To determine the anatomic characteristics of the Segond fracture on plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to compare this location with the location of the ALL described in prior radiographic and anatomic publications, and to determine the fracture's attachments to the soft tissue anterolateral structures of the knee...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483358/induced-membrane-technique-combined-with-two-stage-internal-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-tibial-osteomyelitis-defects
#13
Fei Luo, Xiaohua Wang, Shulin Wang, Jingshu Fu, Zhao Xie
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of induced membrane technique combined with two-stage internal fixation in the treatment of tibial osteomyelitis defects. METHODS: A retrospective analyses for 67 cases of tibialosteomyelitis defects were admitted to our department between September 2012 to February 2015, which were treated with induced membrane technique. At the first stage, implanted with a PMMA cement spacer in the defects after radical debridement and fixed with reconstructive locked plate...
April 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473957/syndesmotic-internalbrace-tm-for-anatomic-distal-tibiofibular-ligament-augmentation
#14
Markus Regauer, Gordon Mackay, Mirjam Lange, Christian Kammerlander, Wolfgang Böcker
Reconstruction of unstable syndesmotic injuries is not trivial, and there is no generally accepted treatment guidelines. Thus, there still remain considerable controversies regarding diagnosis, classification and treatment of syndesmotic injuries. Syndesmotic malreduction is the most common indication for early re-operation after ankle fracture surgery, and widening of the ankle mortise by only 1 mm decreases the contact area of the tibiotalar joint by 42%. Outcome of ankle fractures with syndesmosis injury is worse than without, even after surgical syndesmotic stabilization...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469488/ultrasound-diagnosed-tibia-stress-fracture-a-case-report
#15
Adae Amoako, Ayesha Abid, Anthony Shadiack, Robert Monaco
Stress fractures are a frequent cause of lower extremity pain in athletes, and especially in runners. Plain imaging has a low sensitivity. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or bone scan scintigraphy is the criterion standard, but expensive. We present the case of a young female distance runner with left shin pain. Plain radiography was unremarkable. Ultrasound showed focal hyperechoic elevation of the periosteum with irregularity over the distal tibia and increased flow on Doppler. These findings were consistent with a distal tibia stress fracture and confirmed by MRI...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469487/early-results-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-plate-osteosynthesis-for-fractures-of-the-distal-tibia-a-retrospective-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Gabriel A Akra, Stefanos Lazarides, Ananda M Nanu
Minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis was developed on the concept that preservation of the soft tissue envelope during surgical management of distal tibial fractures is of paramount importance. We report on our early experience using this technique over a 1-year period with 14 such injuries that were treated by a locking compression plate via minimally invasive surgery. The surgical reduction was excellent in most of the cases and all fractures healed uneventfully. One superficial infection and a wound slough were the only complications recorded...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467582/minimal-invasive-fixation-of-distal-tibial-fractures-does-not-result-in-rotational-malalignment-a-report-of-24-cases-with-ct-imaging
#17
Mehmet Mesut Sönmez, Deniz Gülabi, Meriç Uğurlar, Metin Uzun, Sezgin Sarban, Ali Şeker
BACKGROUND: Tibial torsion is rotation of the proximal versus the distal articular axis in the transverse plane. This study used computed tomography (CT) to examine rotational malalignment in the crus following use of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique in distal tibial fractures and evaluated effect of rotational difference on clinical outcomes and VAS scores. METHODS: Analysis of 24 patients who were operated on for closed distal tibial fracture with MIPO technique between 2010 and 2012 was conducted...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459751/complications-of-tibial-tuberosity-osteotomy
#18
Alex A Johnson, Andrew J Cosgarea
It is important to understand potential complications of tibial tuberosity osteotomies (TTOs) and how to avoid them. TTO is associated with a 1% to 3% rate of tibial fracture and 1% rate of nonunion. Early weight-bearing and complete detachment of the distal tuberosity may increase these risks. Painful screws requiring removal occur in 3% to 77% of cases. Use of small (3.5- mm diameter), countersunk screws reduces this risk. Recurrent instability occurs in ∼5% of cases at 5 years. The risk of deep-vein thrombosis (4%) after TTO is higher than that associated with other sports surgeries (1% to 2%)...
June 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458731/allograft-reconstruction-for-sarcomas-of-the-tibia
#19
Vincent Y Ng, Philip Louie, Stephanie Punt, Ernest U Conrad
BACKGROUND: Allograft reconstruction of oncologic resections involving the tibia can have unpredictable results. Prior studies have reported a high rate of complications and a long recovery period involving prolonged bracing, repeated procedures and extended periods of antibiotics. METHODS: The case details of 30 tibial allografts (12 adults, 18 children; 20 intercalary, 7 hemicortical, 3 other) were reviewed retrospectively. Based on factors including function, pain, healing and infection, clinical outcomes were stratified into three categories: excellent, moderate, and poor...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455561/radiographic-assessment-of-distal-femur-cemented-stems-in-tumor-endoprostheses
#20
R E Turcotte, N A Stavropoulos, J Toreson, M Alsultan
BACKGROUND: Distal femoral endoprosthesis (DFE) has become the optimal method of reconstruction in the skeletally mature patients treated for malignant bone tumor. Albeit literature has reported wide range of aseptic loosening in cemented components (6-32%), few authors showed that cement was not detrimental to long-term success of primary distal femoral implants possibly relating to cementing technique. METHODS: A series of consecutive of DFE (MRS and GMRS, Styker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ) was retrospectively reviewed for evidence of loosening on plain radiographs...
April 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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