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chlorhexidine gluconate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918269/prevention-of-hospital-acquired-bloodstream-infections-through-chlorhexidine-gluconate-impregnated-washcloth-bathing-in-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-crossover-trials
#1
Elsa Afonso, Koen Blot, Stijn Blot
We assessed the impact of 2% daily patient bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) washcloths on the incidence of hospital-acquired (HA) and central line-associated (CLA) bloodstream infections (BSI) in intensive care units (ICUs). We searched randomised studies in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) and Web of Science databases up to April 2015. Primary outcomes were total HABSI, central line, and non-central line-associated BSI rates per patient-days. Secondary outcomes included Gram-negative and Gram-positive BSI rates and adverse events...
November 17, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879993/randomized-clinical-trial-of-preoperative-skin-antisepsis-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-or-povidone-iodine
#2
H M Park, S-S Han, E C Lee, S D Lee, H M Yoon, B W Eom, S H Kim, K W Ryu, S-J Park, Y W Kim, B Park
BACKGROUND: Skin antiseptic agents are used to prevent surgical-site infection (SSI); few trials have reported the superiority of any specific agent in clean-contaminated abdominal surgery. This RCT was designed to compare the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone-iodine. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent clean-contaminated upper gastrointestinal or hepatobiliary-pancreatic open surgery between 2011 and 2014 were assigned randomly to either chlorhexidine gluconate or povidone-iodine...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870138/promise-of-combining-antifungal-agents-in-denture-adhesives-to-fight-candida-species-infections
#3
Jorge L Garaicoa, Carol L Fischer, Amber M Bates, Julie Holloway, Gustavo Avila-Ortiz, Janet M Guthmiller, Georgia K Johnson, Clark Stanford, Kim A Brogden
PURPOSE: Several complications may arise in patients wearing complete prosthetic appliances, including denture-associated infections and mucosal stomatitis due to Candida species. This study evaluated the activity of anti-Candida agents in denture adhesive and the cytotoxicities of these preparations for primary human gingival epithelial (GE) keratinocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-Candida activities of antimicrobial peptides, antimicrobial lipids, and antifungal agents against C...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865488/the-influence-of-3-different-navel-dips-on-calf-health-growth-performance-and-umbilical-infection-assessed-by-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-examination
#4
M Wieland, S Mann, C L Guard, D V Nydam
The objectives were to investigate the effect of 3 navel dips on (1) umbilical infection, (2) health events (pneumonia, diarrhea, and arthritis), and (3) average daily gain (ADG) in newborn dairy calves. A secondary aim was to compare the agreement of standardized ultrasonographic examination with clinical examination for the diagnosis of umbilical infection. In a randomized block design, newborn calves were assigned by birth order to 3 treatment groups: Navel Guard (NG; SCG-Solutions Inc., McDonough, GA), 7% iodine tincture (SI), and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CH)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865413/evaluation-of-chlorhexidine-hydrochloride-treatment-on-endometrial-health-of-normal-mares
#5
Natalie S Fraser, Aime K Johnson, Robyn R Wilborn, Ghislaine A Dujovne, Leland Nuehring
Chlorhexidine gluconate solution is a potent antimicrobial and therefore could be used effectively for treatment of endometritis, but historically this substance has been implicated as irritating to mucous membranes, including the endometrium of the mare. The use of chlorhexidine hydrochloride suspension (Nolvasan Suspension, Zoetis, Florham Park, NJ, USA) was evaluated in the uterus of normal mares to determine if adverse effects on endometrial health were noted. Twelve healthy, adult light breed mares were included in this study...
January 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843246/evaluation-and-comparison-of-the-antibacterial-activity-against-streptococcus-mutans-of-grape-seed-extract-at-different-concentrations-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-an-in-vitro-study
#6
REVIEW
Milan Swadas, Bhavna Dave, Soham M Vyas, Nupur Shah
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as primary microorganisms which cause dental caries in humans. There has been an increased interest in the therapeutic properties of some medicinal plants and natural compounds which have demonstrated antibacterial activities. Grape is one of the plants of this group which contains tannin and polyphenolic compound. AIM: To evaluate and compare antibacterial activity of grape seed extract at different concentrations with chlorhexidine gluconate against S...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833767/necrotizing-sialometaplasia-of-the-hard-palate-in-a-patient-treated-with-topical-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug
#7
Alessandro Gatti, Emanuele Broccardo, Giuseppe Poglio, Arnaldo Benech
Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a rare, benign, self-limiting, necrotizing process involving the minor salivary glands, mainly the mucoserous glands of the hard palate. It is thought to be the result of an ischemic event of the vasculature supplying the salivary gland lobules. Some predisposing factors such as smoking, use of alcohol, denture wearing, recent surgery, traumatic injuries, respiratory infections, systemic diseases bulimia, and anorexia have been described. Herein we present a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia of the hard palate in a patient without known predisposing factors, in our opinion, resulting from the use of topical anti-inflammatory drug...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824737/povidone-iodine-0-05-chlorhexidine-gluconate-or-water-for-periurethral-cleaning-before-indwelling-urinary-catheterization-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Duygu Sönmez Düzkaya, Gülzade Uysal, Gülçin Bozkurt, Tülay Yakut, Agop Çitak
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of periurethral cleaning with 10% povidone-iodine, 0.05% chlorhexidine gluconate, or sterile water in preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) prior to indwelling urinary catheter insertion in a pediatric intensive care unit. A secondary aim was to identify pathogens resulting in CAUTIs in this group. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: One hundred twenty-two patients cared for in a pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital between September 2012 and December 2013 participated in the study...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816623/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-using-indocyanine-green-and-near-infrared-diode-laser-in-reducing-entrerococcus-faecalis
#9
Charis Beltes, Hercules Sakkas, Nikolaos Economides, Chrissanthy Papadopoulou
BACKGROUND: The use of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) has been suggested as an adjuvant method to eliminate facultative bacteria during root canal disinfection. The purpose of this preliminary in vitro study was to determine whether the light-activated antimicrobial agent, Indocyanine green (ICG), could be used as photosensitizer and kill Enterococcus faecalis strain under planktonic conditions when irradiated with near-infared (NIR) diode laser emitting in 810nm wavelength...
November 2, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811455/evaluation-of-antifungal-efficacy-of-qmix-2in1-as-a-final-irrigant-an-in-vitro-study
#10
E Kalyoncuoglu, E Sen Tunc, S Ozer, C Keskin, K Bilgin, A Birinci
BACKGROUND: It is known that no specific antifungal agent exists at present for irrigation of infected root canals. QMix 2in1 was investigated to determine whether they could be an alternative for sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the antifungal efficacy of QMix 2in1, 5.25% NaOCl, 2% CHX, and 17% EDTA as a final rinse against Candida albicans (C...
November 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789177/measurements-of-chlorhexidine-p-chloroaniline-and-p-chloronitrobenzene-in-saliva-after-mouth-wash-before-and-after-operation-with-0-2-chlorhexidine-digluconate-in-maxillofacial-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
H Below, O Assadian, R Baguhl, U Hildebrandt, B Jäger, K Meissner, D J Leaper, A Kramer
Chlorhexidine gluconate is used to prevent the accumulation of dental plaque and gingivitis, infection of the surgical site, and ventilator-associated pneumonia in maxillofacial surgery, but it is not clear whether the metabolites of chlorhexidine are detectable in the patient's saliva at clinically relevant concentrations. Forty-three patients who had orofacial operations were randomised to use a 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate (n=23), or an octenidine-based, chlorhexidine-free (n=20), mouthwash once preoperatively and three times daily for five postoperative days...
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766712/effect-of-the-addition-of-chlorhexidine-and-miswak-extract-on-the-clinical-performance-and-antibacterial-properties-of-conventional-glass-ionomer-an-in-vivo-study
#12
Noha Samir Kabil, Amira Saad Badran, Mariem Osama Wassel
BACKGROUND: Antibacterial restorations can increase the success rate of minimum invasive dentistry especially in young permanent molars with deep carious lesions as an attempt to preserve maximum dental structure and avoid pulp exposure. Further research is warranted to evaluate different antibacterial agents. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adding chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) or aqueous miswak (Salvadora persica) extract on the clinical performance and in vivo antibacterial activity of conventional anhydrous glass ionomer cement (GIC)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684083/visibility-of-tinted-chlorhexidine-gluconate-skin-preparation-on-varied-skin-pigmentations
#13
Claire M McDaniel, Ryan W Churchill, Evan Argintar
Preoperative skin preparation with antimicrobial agents decreases the risk of surgical site infection, but concerns have been raised about the visibility of a common surgical preparatory agent (ChloraPrep; Becton, Dickinson & Co, Franklin Lakes, New Jersey), depending on skin pigmentation. Poor visibility may lead to failure to identify inadequately prepared skin, increasing the risk of surgical site infection. This study was conducted to determine whether different tints of ChloraPrep and different skin pigmentations affect the ability of orthopedic surgeons to identify the adequacy of skin preparation...
September 29, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676639/intra-operative-surgical-irrigation-of-the-surgical-incision-what-does-the-future-hold-saline-antibiotic-agents-or-antiseptic-agents
#14
Charles E Edmiston, David J Leaper
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative surgical site irrigation (lavage) is common practice in surgical procedures in general, with all disciplines advocating some form of irrigation before incision closure. This practice, however, has been neither standardized nor is there compelling evidence that it effectively reduces the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). This narrative review addresses the laboratory and clinical evidence that is available to support the practice of irrigation of the abdominal cavity and superficial/deep incisional tissues, using specific irrigation solutions at the end of an operative procedure to reduce the microbial burden at wound closure...
September 27, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676109/bathing-and-beyond-current-bathing-controversies-for-newborn-infants
#15
Carolyn Lund
BACKGROUND: Bathing the newborn infant is controversial, ranging from how and when to give the newborn their first bath, whether to bathe newborns at all in the initial days of life, and how to approach bathing the hospitalized premature and full-term infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: To review relevant literature about bathing newborn infants, as well as examine the controversies about bathing NICU patients including the use of daily chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) baths...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665984/effectiveness-of-disinfectants-on-the-adherence-of-candida-albicans-to-denture-base-resins-with-different-surface-textures
#16
Duygu Karakis, Canan Akay, Burcin Oncul, Abbas Y Rad, Arife Dogan
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of some disinfectants, including ethanol extract of propolis (EEP), on the adhesion of Candida albicans to denture base resins. Seventy-two acrylic resin samples were prepared, half of which was polished and the other half was roughened. C. albicans strain ATCC 10231 was incubated on Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) at 37°C for 48 h. The adhesion period was completed by keeping the cells in this suspension for 90 min at 37°C. Specimens were then immersed in the following solutions: 1%, 2%, and 5% sodium hypochlorite; 4% chlorhexidine gluconate; and 10% EEP...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647026/corneal-injury-from-presurgical-chlorhexidine-skin-preparation
#17
Gregory J Bever, Frank L Brodie, David G Hwang
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine skin preparation has been shown to provide highly effective antimicrobial presurgical skin cleansing. However, there is a significant risk of ocular toxicity when it is used in periocular areas. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe 2 cases of significant corneal damage resulting from 4% chlorhexidine gluconate preoperative skin cleanser, despite the use of protective occlusive dressing over the eyes. Because of the potential for severe corneal toxicity resulting from use of chlorhexidine, alternative agents such as 10% povidone-iodine should be considered for skin preparation near periocular areas whenever possible...
September 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631785/enterococcus-species-in-the-oral-cavity-prevalence-virulence-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility
#18
Edson Yukio Komiyama, Laura Soares Souto Lepesqueur, Cinthia Gomes Yassuda, Lakshman P Samaranayake, Nipuna B Parahitiyawa, Ivan Balducci, Cristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
Enterococci are considered as transient constituent components of the oral microbiome that may cause a variety of oral and systemic infections. As there is sparse data on the oral enterococcal prevalence, we evaluated the Enterococcus spp. and their virulence attributes including antimicrobial resistance in a healthy Brazilian cohort. A total of 240 individuals in different age groups were studied (children 4-11 yrs, adolescents 12-17 yrs, young adults 18-29 yrs, adults 30-59 yrs, elderly over 60 yrs). Oral rinses were collected and isolates were identified by API 20 Strep and confirmed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630954/comparative-evaluation-of-two-different-ultrasonic-liquid-coolants-on-dental-aerosols
#19
Rashmi Jawade, Vishnudas Bhandari, Gauri Ugale, Snehal Taru, Surbhi Khaparde, Arun Kulkarni, Mukesh Ardale, Shraddha Marde
INTRODUCTION: Dentists are more prone for developing infectious diseases especially related to respiratory system. The ultrasonic scaler which is a major source of dental aerosol production is most frequently used contrivance in a dental set up. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of povidone iodine and chlorhexidine gluconate as an ultrasonic liquid coolant on aerosols in comparison with distilled water. The objectives of this study were to compare the potency of povidone iodine and chlorhexidine gluconate on reducing dental aerosols and quantitative assessment of microbial content of dental aerosols at right, left and behind the dental chair...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630949/comparative-evaluation-of-arimedadi-oil-with-0-2-chlorhexidine-gluconate-in-prevention-of-plaque-and-gingivitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Gaurao Vasant Mali, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Gundabaktha Nagappa Karibasappa, Prashanthkumar Vishwakarma, Vardhaman Mulchand Jain
INTRODUCTION: Chemical plaque control measures are advocated to maintain proper oral hygiene. Ayurvedic medicines are alternatives considered with minimal side effects to treat systemic diseases and dental diseases. So the present study was conducted to assess the anti-plaque efficacy of Arimedadi (herbal) oil against 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash. AIM: To assess the anti-plaque efficacy of Arimedadi (herbal) oil against 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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