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community psychiatric nursing

Omar T Sims, Pamela A Melton, Shaonin Ji
This study describes clinical characteristics of poor and uninsured patients living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who received care from a multidisciplinary HCV clinic, reports treatment completion and cure rates, and estimates the cost of HCV medications provided at no cost to uninsured patients. A retrospective chart review was performed and identified 69 uninsured HCV patients who received medical care at Mercy Health Center, a small non-profit community clinic, between January 2008 and March 2015. Three-fourths of the patients were unemployed, a third had multiple HCV exposures, nearly half acquired HCV due to illicit drug use, and more than half had active psychiatric disorders...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil
The focus of primary prevention is on reducing the disease incidence. Primary prevention in mental health has been given minimal priority in low-resource settings with no significant investments. General hospitals are one of the main providers of mental health services in South Asia. This paper focuses on primary prevention activities, which can be undertaken in a general hospital in South Asia with abysmally low-mental health resources. For implementing primary prevention in psychiatry, a general hospital may be conceptualized as a population unit, located in a well-populated area with easy accessibility where different kinds of communities, for example, students and resident doctors, consultants, patients and their caregivers, and paramedical, nursing, administrative and other supportive staff, coexist and have varied functions...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Dominiek Coates
There is variation in the way mental health services respond to urgent and emergency presentations, with few evidence-based models reported in the literature, and no agreed on best practice models. To inform the development of urgent and emergency psychiatric care models, a literature review was performed. The review sought to identify strengths and critiques of varying models, evidence gaps, and areas for future research. After review, significant variation was found in the design and scope of urgent and emergency care models...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Maeva Jego, Julien Abcaya, Diana-Elena Ștefan, Céline Calvet-Montredon, Stéphanie Gentile
BACKGROUND: Homeless people have poorer health status than the general population. They need complex care management, because of associated medical troubles (somatic and psychiatric) and social difficulties. We aimed to describe the main characteristics of the primary care programs that take care of homeless people, and to identify which could be most relevant. METHODS: We performed a literature review that included articles which described and evaluated primary care programs for homeless people...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Grace Hubbard, Cheryl L Woods-Giscombe, Ashley Hageman, Nyanyiwa Vimba
The aim of this clinical training site innovation is to develop accessible pediatric mental health clinical training sites for psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) students. Mental health services in school settings provide treatment in the child's community and create opportunities for innovation and collaboration with teachers, school counselors, and school psychologists. School settings provide opportunities for early recognition of anxiety symptoms and accessible treatment that can help close the gap in clinical training sites for this population...
February 8, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Valeria Cremonini, Nicola Pagnucci, Franco Giacometti, Ivan Rubbi
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Defines stigma as the process of social oppression barring persons with mental illness from enjoying social interaction through discrimination, exclusion and denial of human and social rights. Modern stereotypes still portray the mentally ill as guilty, unpredictable and violent. Observational studies report how healthcare professionals, including nurses, are often part of the stigma. Such phenomenon belittles the needs of people seeking mental care...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Rebecca A Schroeder
Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) is a model of care that provides comprehensive community-based psychiatric care for persons with serious mental illness. This model has been widely documented and has shown to be an evidence-based model of care for reducing hospitalizations for this targeted population. Critical ingredients of the ACT model are the holistic nature of their services, a team based approach to treatment and nurses who assist with illness management, medication monitoring, and provider collaboration...
January 25, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Elishia L Featherston, Sharolyn Dihigo, Richard E Gilder
BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% to 20% of children and adolescents have a mental health problem. Atypical antipsychotic agents are used to treat behavioral, emotional, and mental health problems in children and adolescents. A discrepancy between best practices and actual practices exists. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to increase adherence above baseline, through implementation of a checklist, to recommended screening guidelines in children, ages 4 to 18, prescribed atypical antipsychotic agents over 12 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Steven A Schroeder, Brian Clark, Christine Cheng, Catherine B Saucedo
Smoking is much more common among persons with behavioral health conditions (mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders). Persons with these disorders are more likely to die from smoking-related causes than any other reason. Studies have shown that stopping smoking can improve mental health function, as well as improve outcomes for substance use disorders. Yet, for a variety of reasons, smoking cessation has not been integrated into the treatment of behavioral health conditions, and in many instances tobacco use was not only condoned but encouraged...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
F Carabellese, M Urbano, A Coluccia, G Gualtieri
The dramatic case of murder of a psychiatrist during her service in her public office (Centro di Salute Mentale of Bari-Libertà) has led the authors to reflect on the safety of workplaces, in detail of public psychiatric services. It is in the light of current legislation, represented by the Legislative Decree of April 9th, 2008 no. 81, which states the implementing rules of Law 123/2007. In particular, the Authors analyzed the criticalities of the application of this Law, with the aim of safeguarding the health and safety of the workers in all psychiatric services (nursing departments, outpatient clinics, community centers, day care centers, etc...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
Daphne C Duncombe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to examine perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based practice among nurses working in psychiatric, geriatric, hospital and community settings in The Bahamas. BACKGROUND: It is evident from previous studies that a number of factors exist which either obstruct or promote the utilization of research evidence in nursing practice. Identifying these factors is vital to the successful uptake of evidence-based practice in nursing...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Ann-Christin Janlöv, Linda Johansson, Eva K Clausson
BACKGROUND: Mental ill-health among the general population is increasing in Sweden. Primary Health Care (PHC) and Healthcare Centres (HCC), where district nurses (DNs) work, bear the basic responsibility for treatment of mental ill-health, while severe mental ill-health fall under the responsibility of psychiatric specialist care. The increased prevalence of mental ill-health in the community means that DNs increasingly encounter people with mental health problems - not least as a comorbidity...
November 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Joni N Dolce, William R Waynor
Psychiatric symptoms are often cited by community-based providers as barriers to employment for individuals with mental health conditions. The current study assessed whether psychiatric symptoms and hospitalization in the past year predicted employment outcomes for participants receiving supported employment (SE) services. A total of 105 participants enrolled in SE services were assessed on their level of psychiatric symptoms, hospitalization in the past year, and employment outcomes. Simultaneous logistic regression was used...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Shuang Li, Addie Middleton, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the trajectories in the first year after individuals are admitted to long-term care nursing homes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: US long-term care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries newly admitted to long-term care nursing homes from July 1, 2012, to December 31, 2013 (N=535,202). MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics were from Medicare data...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Shoshana J Herzig, Mary T LaSalvia, Elliot Naidus, Michael B Rothberg, Wenxiao Zhou, Jerry H Gurwitz, Edward R Marcantonio
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Off-label use of antipsychotics is common in hospitals, most often for delirium management. Antipsychotics have been associated with aspiration pneumonia in community and nursing home settings, but the association in hospitalized individuals is unexplored. We aimed to investigate the association between antipsychotic exposure and aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Julian Eaton, Emeka Nwefoh, Godwin Okafor, Ugochukwu Onyeonoro, Kenneth Nwaubani, Claire Henderson
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in Nigeria consist mainly of large government psychiatric hospitals and there are very few mental health professionals to serve the large population of the country. However, more recently, community mental health services, which have been shown to improve access to care and clinical outcomes are beginning to develop in some locations. Despite efforts to promote more accessible services, low levels of knowledge about effective treatment of mental disorders means that even where these services are available, a very small proportion of people utilise these services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Niall McCrae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Xiuying Xu, Xin-Min Li, Dongmei Xu, Wenqiang Wang
The mental health service model and policy have undergone dramatic changes and are moving toward the establishment of integrated service network-based community mental health services in China. But there are still some issues, such as shortage of resources, a relatively low rate of psychiatric treatment, lack of the knowledge about mental health in the general population, and stigma associated with mental disorders. This paper summarizes the history of psychiatric and mental health nursing in China and analyzes the characteristics of the current situation...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
H Fujimoto, M Hirota, T Kodama, C Greiner, T Hashimoto
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: There is a developing body of research on violence in healthcare workplaces. Although psychiatric visiting nurses (PVNs) are an important group of professionals who provide medical services for people with mental disorders live in the community, little is known about the experiences and characteristics of violence exposure among PVNs, or the characteristics and work situations of PVNs related to violence exposure. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Approximately 40% of participants were exposed to violence during the previous 12 months; approximately 50% had been exposed during their PVN careers in PVN settings...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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