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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912946/addressing-holistic-healthcare-needs-of-oncology-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-course-within-an-elective-module-designed-for-healthcare-professionals
#1
Nadja Klafke, Angelika Homberg, Katharina Glassen, Cornelia Mahler
BACKGROUND: Patients, and especially oncology patients, increasingly demand information and application of complementary therapies to supplement their conventional medical treatment and follow-up care. Due to the widespread interest in holistic treatment opportunities in oncology populations, healthcare professionals need to be prepared in differentiating evidence-based methods of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) spectrum and how to consult with patients about it. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the implementation and evaluation of a newly designed module "Complementary and Alternative Medicine in oncological healthcare" in the bachelor degree program Interprofessional Health Care (B...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#2
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904272/awareness-of-atopic-dermatitis-and-attitudes-toward-different-types-of-medical-institutions-for-its-treatment-among-adult-patients-and-the-parents-of-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-500-participants
#3
Nam Kyung Roh, Song Hee Han, Min Jung Kim, Gyeong-Hun Park, Bark-Lynn Lew, Eung Ho Choi, Hyun Chang Ko, Young Lip Park, Sang Wook Son, Young Jun Seo, Yang Won Lee, Sang Hyun Cho, Chun Wook Park
BACKGROUND: Physicians can play a crucial role in the knowledge that patients have about a disease and its prognosis. Recently, patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) are increasingly turning from western medicine to oriental herbal medicine. However, their awareness of AD and attitude toward Western medicine and oriental herbal medicine clinics are scarcely reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the understanding of AD among patients and their parents and to identify their awareness of and attitude toward Western medicine and oriental herbal medicine as treatments for AD...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904009/introduction-of-the-site-for-center-of-innovation-coi-program-research-and-development-on-mibyou-disease-oriented-condition-control-system-using-safe-and-high-quality-kampo-medicine-traditional-japanese-medicine-and-information-and-communication-technology
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893918/breast-milk-collection-and-storage-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-nurses-knowledge-practice-and-perceived-barriers
#5
Huda Falah Gharaibeh, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shefa Yousef Malkawi
BACKGROUND: Temporary storage of human milk under appropriate conditions encourages prolonged breast-feeding. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess neonatal nurses' knowledge and practice, as well as barriers, related to breast milk collection and storage and to investigate the association between nurses' knowledge and practice and other variables. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used. Consecutive samplings of 75 nurses were recruited. The questions were based on a literature review of guidelines for collecting and storing breast milk from various sources, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#6
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888206/access-of-non-specialist-sexual-health-services-by-men-who-have-sex-with-men-do-they-differ-from-those-attending-specialist-services
#7
Helen Mebrahtu, Martina Furegato, Bersabeh Sile, John Were, Hamish Mohammed, Gwenda Hughes
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of STIs. While routine STI surveillance data suggest MSM regularly access specialist genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics for their sexual healthcare, the extent to which MSM attend non-specialist sexual health services (SHSs) is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the GUM Clinic Activity Data Set (GUMCADv2), the national STI surveillance system, to compare the characteristics, service usage and STI outcomes of MSM accessing specialist and non-specialist (non-GUM) SHSs in England in 2014...
November 25, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884867/narrative-medicine-and-death-in-the-icu-word-clouds-as-a-visual-legacy
#8
Meredith Vanstone, Feli Toledo, France Clarke, Anne Boyle, Mita Giacomini, Marilyn Swinton, Lois Saunders, Melissa Shears, Nicole Zytaruk, Anne Woods, Trudy Rose, Tracey Hand-Breckenridge, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Shelley Anderson-White, Robert Sheppard, Deborah Cook
OBJECTIVE: The Word Cloud is a frequent wish in the 3 Wishes Project developed to nurture peace and ease the grieving process for dying critically ill patients. The objective was to examine whether Word Clouds can act as a heuristic approach to encourage a narrative orientation to medicine. Narrative medicine is an approach which can strengthen relationships, compassion and resilience. DESIGN: Word Clouds were created for 42 dying patients, and we interviewed 37 family members and 73 clinicians about their impact...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882769/-current-issues-of-reproductive-medicine-in-the-czech-republic
#9
P Ventruba, J Žáková, M Ješeta, D Rumpík, M Brandejská, I Crha, D Hlinka, L Jelínková, E Oráčová, J Pavelková, K Řežábek, K Veselá
INTRODUCTION: During the 25th symposium of assisted reproduction in Brno was lunch time organised as the lunch table discussion on the selected topics of assisted reproduction. More than 150 specialists reviewed themes related to gynecology and embryology.Discussed topics: Lunch table discussion covered the following topics: (1) Cross-border health care in assisted reproduction; (2) Indication for PGS (preimplantation genetic screening) in the context of actual information; (3) Does ovarian stimulation belong to the ambulance of registering gynecologists? (4) Therapy with clomifen - only for IVF specialists? (5) How and with whom should psychological support be directed during IVF? (6) Stimulation in women with low ovarian reserve; (7) Is basic semen analyses sufficient? (8) Time-lapse systems as relevant markers of embryonic development; (9) How to be oriented with choices of media and consumables in the IVF lab, and (10) "Freeze All" - is this new trend in cryopreservation suitable for all? CONCLUSIONS: Panel conclusions were presented during the afternoon session, which had great attendance, featured lively commentary, and produced some definitive consensus...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882370/anti-obesity-effects-of-arctii-fructus-arctium-lappa-in-white-brown-adipocytes-and-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#10
Yo-Han Han, Ji-Ye Kee, Dae-Seung Kim, Jinbong Park, Mi-Young Jeong, Jung-Geon Mun, Sung-Joo Park, Jong-Hyun Lee, Jae-Young Um, Seung-Heon Hong
Arctii Fructus is traditionally used in oriental pharmacies as an anti-inflammatory medicine. Although several studies have shown its anti-inflammatory effects, there have been no reports on its use in obesity related studies. In this study, the anti-obesity effect of Arctii Fructus was investigated in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice, and the effect was confirmed in white and primary cultured brown adipocytes. Arctii Fructus inhibited weight gain and reduced the mass of white adipose tissue in HFD-induced obese mice...
November 24, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878977/silk-fibroin-scaffolds-with-muscle-like-elasticity-support-in-vitro-differentiation-of-human-skeletal-muscle-cells
#11
Vishal Chaturvedi, Deboki Naskar, Beverley F Kinnear, Elizabeth Grenik, Danielle E Dye, Miranda D Grounds, Subhas C Kundu, Deirdre R Coombe
Human adult skeletal muscle has a limited ability to regenerate after injury and therapeutic options for volumetric muscle loss are few. Technologies to enhance regeneration of tissues generally rely upon bioscaffolds to mimic aspects of the tissue extracellular matrix (ECM). In the present study, silk fibroins from four Lepidoptera (silkworm) species engineered into three-dimensional scaffolds were examined for their ability to support the differentiation of primary human skeletal muscle myoblasts. Human skeletal muscle myoblasts (HSMMs) adhered, spread and deposited extensive ECM on all the scaffolds, but immunofluorescence and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of gene expression revealed that myotube formation occurred differently on the various scaffolds...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871897/sauchinone-exerts-anticancer-effects-by-targeting-ampk-signaling-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#12
Young Woo Kim, Eun Jeong Jang, Chang-Hyun Kim, Ju-Hee Lee
Sauchinone is a pharmacologically active compound isolated from Saururus chinensis, which has been used as a traditional Oriental medicine to treat fever, jaundice, and various inflammatory diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of sauchinone against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and sought to elucidate the mechanism involved. Cell viability was measured by an MTT assay. Cell cycle distributions and the mitochondrial membrane potential were analyzed using flow cytometry. Cell death was analyzed by annexin V assay, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assay...
November 18, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869738/plants-producing-ribosome-inactivating-proteins-in-traditional-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Letizia Polito, Massimo Bortolotti, Stefania Maiello, Maria Giulia Battelli, Andrea Bolognesi
Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are enzymes that deadenylate nucleic acids and are broadly distributed in the plant kingdom. Many plants that contain RIPs are listed in the pharmacopoeias of folk medicine all over the world, mostly because of their toxicity. This review analyses the position occupied in traditional medicine by plants from which RIPs have been isolated. The overview starts from the antique age of the Mediterranean area with ancient Egypt, followed by the Greek and Roman classic period...
November 18, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868404/-standardization-of-cancer-biobank-in-precision-medicine-era
#14
Jiafu Ji
Tumor specimens have a great role in basic and clinical translational researches on cancer, especially in the era of precision medicine. Thus the standardization of cancer biobank is of high importance. The establishment and maintenance of cancer biobank require comprehensive quality management, so as to provide high quality service for basic and clinical researches. At present, sample-oriented collection and management, and clinical and pathological data annotation are the main focuses of biobank standardization in China...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868132/exploring-possibilities-for-transforming-established-subscription-based-scientific-journals-into-open-access-journals-present-situation-transformation-criteria-and-exemplary-implementation-within-trans-o-mim
#15
Reinhold Haux, Stefanie Kuballa, Mareike Schulze, Claudia Böhm, Olaf Gefeller, Jan Haaf, Peter Henning, Corinna Mielke, Florian Niggemann, Andrea Schürg, Dieter Bergemann
BACKGROUND: Based on today's information and communication technologies the open access paradigm has become an important approach for adequately communicating new scientific knowledge. OBJECTIVES: Summarizing the present situation for journal transformation. Presenting criteria for adequate transformation as well as a specific approach for it. Describing our exemplary implementation of such a journal transformation. METHODS: Studying the respective literature as well as discussing this topic in various discussion groups and meetings (primarily of editors and publishers, but also of authors and readers), with long term experience as editors and /or publishers of scientific publications as prerequisite...
November 21, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867044/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-cancer-chemoprevention-by-phytochemicals-from-dietary-and-medicinal-plants
#16
REVIEW
Anuradha Sehrawat, Ruchi Roy, Subrata K Pore, Eun-Ryeong Hahm, Suman K Samanta, Krishna B Singh, Su-Hyeong Kim, Kamayani Singh, Shivendra V Singh
Cancer chemoprevention, a scientific term coined by Dr. Sporn in the late seventies, implies use of natural or synthetic chemicals to block, delay or reverse carcinogenesis. Phytochemicals derived from edible and medicinal plants have been studied rather extensively for cancer chemoprevention using preclinical models in the past few decades. Nevertheless, some of these agents (e.g., isothiocyanates from cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and watercress) have already entered into clinical investigations. Examples of widely studied and highly promising phytochemicals from edible and medicinal plants include cruciferous vegetables constituents (phenethyl isothiocyanate, benzyl isothiocyanate, and sulforaphane), withaferin A (WA) derived from a medicinal plant (Withania somnifera) used heavily in Asia, and an oriental medicine plant component honokiol (HNK)...
November 17, 2016: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866180/positive-effects-of-uyakujunkisan-therapy-kampo-medicine-for-postherpetic-neuralgia-with-concomitant-pregabalin-two-case-reports-with-a-literature-review
#17
Toshiaki Kogure, Naoyuki Harada, Kanoko Yamamoto, Takeshi Tatsumi
Context • The hallmark of herpes zoster (HZ) is a painful, blistering rash, but neuropathic pain can persist beyond the clearing of the rash and is diagnosed as postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a chronic pain syndrome. However, the pain in PHN is often refractory to treatment. Objective • The study investigated the ability of Uyakujunkisan (UJS), or Kampo medicine, a traditional herbal medicine, to treat PHN successfully. Design • The study was observational, with discussion of 2 cases. Setting • The study took place in the Department of Japanese Oriental Medicine at Gunma Central and General Hospital (Maebashi, Gunma, Japan)...
November 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859552/low-pass-imaging-of-dynamic-acquisitions-lida-with-a-group-oriented-registration-goreg-for-proton-mr-imaging-of-lung-ventilation
#18
Andreas Voskrebenzev, Marcel Gutberlet, Till F Kaireit, Frank Wacker, Jens Vogel-Claussen
PURPOSE: To compare low-pass imaging dynamic acquisitions (LIDA) approach in combination with a group-oriented registration (GOREG) scheme with conventional Fourier decomposition (FD). METHODS: Dynamic images of six healthy volunteers and one chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patient were acquired on a 1.5 Tesla scanner using a spoiled gradient echo sequence. For the volunteers each slice was acquired during regular (RB) and irregular breathing (IB). For conventional registration (CR), all images were directly registered to the intermediate respiratory position...
November 18, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852124/metabolic-profiling-of-liver-tissue-in-diabetic-mice-treated-with-artemisia-capillaris-and-alisma-rhizome-using-lc-ms-and-ce-ms
#19
Yumi Kim, In-Seung Lee, Kang-Hoon Kim, Jiyoung Park, Ji-Hyun Lee, Eunjung Bang, Hyeung-Jin Jang, Yun-Cheol Na
Artemisia Capillaris (AC) and Alisma Rhizome (AR) are natural products for the treatment of liver disorders in oriental medicine clinics. Here, we report metabolomic changes in the evaluation of the treatment effects of AC and AR on fatty livers in diabetic mice, along with a proposition of the underlying metabolic pathway. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic metabolites extracted from mouse livers were analyzed using HPLC-QTOF and CE-QTOF, respectively, to generate metabolic profiles. Statistical analysis of the metabolites by PLS-DA and OPLA-DA fairly discriminated between the diabetic, and the AC- and AR-treated mice groups...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851876/modeling-diffusion-of-intracellular-metabolites-in-the-mouse-brain-up-to-very-high-diffusion-weighting-diffusion-in-long-fibers-almost-accounts-for-non-monoexponential-attenuation
#20
Marco Palombo, Clemence Ligneul, Julien Valette
PURPOSE: To investigate how intracellular metabolites diffusion measured in vivo up to very high q/b in the mouse brain can be explained in terms of simple geometries. METHODS: 10 mice were scanned using our new STE-LASER sequence, at 11.7 Tesla (T), up to qmax = 1 μm(-1) at diffusion time td = 63.2 ms, corresponding to bmax = 60 ms/µm². We model cell fibers as randomly oriented cylinders, with radius a and intracellular diffusivity Dintracyl, and fit experimental data as a function of q to estimate Dintracyl and a...
November 7, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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