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Oriental medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525252/-medical-supply-planning-dynamic-registry-of-physicians-sixth-reform-of-the-state-and-numerus-clausus
#1
N Benahmed, A De Wever, M Pirson
INTRODUCTION: The last few years have seen major changes in the Belgian medical planning. The paper aims to describe them and to assess how they will affect the medical demography. METHOD: Grey literature review and federal and federated entities legislation summary. RESULTS: A new dynamic register allows a better knowledge of medical workforce in all sectors of labour market. Recent legislation evolutions induce fragmentation of competences related to human resource for health planning : federal authorities are responsive for the fixation of number of GP and specialists and community authorities for registration of health professionals and fixation of sub-quotas in different branches of specialised medicine...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520105/large-scale-computational-models-of-liver-metabolism-how-far-from-the-clinics
#2
REVIEW
Tanja Cvitanović, Matthias C Reichert, Miha Moškon, Miha Mraz, Frank Lammert, Damjana Rozman
Understanding the dynamics of human liver metabolism is fundamental for effective diagnosis and treatment of liver diseases in general and the metabolism of drugs in particular. This knowledge can be obtained with systems biology/medicine approaches that account for the complexity of hepatic responses and their systemic consequences in other organs. Computational modelling can reveal hidden principles of the system by classification of individual components, analysing their interactions and simulating the effects that are difficult to investigate experimentally...
May 18, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508263/new-insights-into-the-anatomy-of-the-midface-musculature-and-its-implications-on-the-nasolabial-fold
#3
Chelsea C Snider, Ashley N Amalfi, Lauren E Hutchinson, Nicole Z Sommer
BACKGROUND: The prominent nasolabial fold is a distinct feature of the aging midface. As minimally invasive procedures have become mainstream, chemodenervation is a preferred method for treating dynamic facial rhytids. We therefore sought to identify relevant nasolabial fold and midfacial muscular anatomy to determine the ideal location of neuromodulation to improve the aesthetics of the midface and nasolabial fold without altering the upper lip and smile. METHODS: Twelve hemifacial cadaveric dissections were performed to identify midface muscle origin, insertion, width, vector of pull, and neighboring structures...
May 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502906/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-forsythia-suspensa-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis
#4
Youn-Hwan Hwang, Dong-Gun Kim, Wei Li, Hye Jin Yang, Nam-Hui Yim, Jin Yeul Ma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythia suspensa Fructus (FS) is used to treat various inflammatory disorders in traditional Oriental medicine, including gastrointestinal diseases, but its therapeutic potential in ulcerative colitis is unclear. Thus, we investigated any potential therapeutic effects of FS against intestinal inflammation and the bioactive constituents in FS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the induction of colitis using 3% dextran sulfate sodium, FS (100mg/kg/day) was administered orally during the experimental period...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501225/introduction-to-integrative-medicine-in-the-primary-care-setting
#5
REVIEW
Melinda Ring, Rupa Mahadevan
Integrative Medicine has been described as "healing oriented medicine that takes account of the whole person (body, mind, and spirit) including all aspects of lifestyle. It emphasizes therapeutic relationships and makes use of all appropriate therapies, both conventional and alternative." National surveys consistently report that approximately one-third of adults and 12% of children use complementary and integrative medicine approaches. Although there are barriers to primary care professionals engaging in discussions about lifestyle change and complementary and integrative medicine options, there is also great potential to impact patient well-being...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490914/assessment-of-residency-program-outcomes-via-alumni-surveys
#6
Sonja Lüer, Christoph Aebi
BACKGROUND: One trend in medical education is outcomes-oriented training. Outcomes usually refer to individuals' acquisition of competencies, for example, during training in residency programs. However, little is known about outcomes of these programs. In order to fill this gap, human resource (HR) data were analyzed and alumni of a pediatric residency program were surveyed at the Department of Pediatrics, Bern University Hospital, Switzerland. METHODS: Residency program outcomes (demographics, career choices, part-time or full-time work status, competencies, feedback) were assessed through in-house HR databases, publicly available data on the Internet (physician directory and practice homepages), and 2 alumni surveys (S1, S2)...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490567/validity-and-reliability-of-the-patient-centred-assessment-method-for-patient-complexity-and-relationship-with-hospital-length-of-stay-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Shuhei Yoshida, Masato Matsushima, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rieko Mutai, Shinichi Murayama, Tetsuro Hayashi, Hiroko Ichikawa, Yuko Nakano, Takamasa Watanabe, Yasuki Fujinuma
OBJECTIVES: Several instruments for evaluating patient complexity have been developed from a biopsychosocial perspective. Although relationships between the results obtained by these instruments and the length of stay in hospital have been examined, many instruments are complicated and not easy to use. The Patient Centred Assessment Method (PCAM) is a candidate for practical use. This study aimed to test the validity and reliability of the PCAM and examine the correlations between length of hospital stay and PCAM scores in a regional secondary care hospital in Japan...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488985/an-alternative-paradigm-for-evidence-based-medicine-revisiting-lawrence-weed-md-s-systems-approach
#8
Ali Rafik Shukor
Lawrence Weed, MD, is renowned for being the father of the Problem-Oriented Medical Record (POMR), the medical care standard for collecting, managing, and contextualizing patient data in medical records. What have been consistently overlooked are his teachings on knowledge coupling, which refers to matching patient data with associated medical knowledge. Together, the POMR standard and knowledge coupling are meant to form the basis of a systems approach that enables individualized evidence-based decision making within the context of multimorbidity and patient complexity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486880/process-oriented-dynamic-group-psychotherapy-for-depression-as-a-teaching-modality-in-a-family-medicine-residency-program-a-pilot-study
#9
Eric P Simon, Richard McClaflin, Rachel Zonca, Karen Mikuni, Willard Chung, Ethan Etnyre, Lindsey Faucette, David Oates, Chuck Merrill
Background and Objectives This pilot study provides a description and evaluation of process-oriented dynamic group psychotherapy for depression as a teaching modality for family medicine residents. The main purpose of using this modality was to teach family medicine residents a variety of psychological clinical skills. A secondary benefit of this modality was to provide in-house, primary care treatment to depressed patients, although the efficacy of this was not evaluated in the present study. Methods A 10-item, self-report, Likert-type questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of family medicine residents who had participated in the program...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482549/bio-functionalizing-heterogeneous-phase-activated-titanium-by-multiphoton-ionization-energy-mechanism-to-harmonize-cell-proliferative-behavior
#10
Sivaprasad Chinnakkannu Vijayakumar, Krishnan Venkatakrishnan, Bo Tan
Cellular interactions are regulated by various mechanical, physical and chemical factors that are either introduced to or are pre-existing in their local microenvironments. These factors include geometric confinement, cell-substrate interactions and cell-cell contacts. The systematic elucidation of these dictating mechanisms is crucial for fundamental understanding of regenerative medicine and for designing biomedical devices. Here, we have developed an elegant multi-photon ionization based mechanism, which accomplishes selective surface bio-functionalization of native titanium substrates, to achieve stable cellular confinements...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480479/historical-roots-of-international-biomedical-and-health-informatics-the-road-to-ifip-tc4-and-imia-through-cybernetic-medicine-and-the-elsinore-meetings
#11
C A Kulikowski
BACKGROUND: It is 50 years since the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) Societies approved the formation of a new Technical Committee (TC) 4 on Medical Information Processing under the leadership of Professor Francois Grémy, which was the direct precursor of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA). OBJECTIVES: The goals of this paper are to give a very brief overview of early international developments leading to informatics in medicine, with the origins of the applications of computers to medicine in the USA and Europe, and two meetings - of the International Society of Cybernetic Medicine, and the Elsinore Meetings on Hospital Information Systems - that took place in 1966...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480440/survey-of-dental-students-attitude-regarding-oriental-medicine-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-comparison-between-two-japanese-dental-schools
#12
Atsushi Kameyama, Kazuo Toda
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the impact of "curricula for undergraduate education in oriental medicine (OM)/complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)" on student awareness of OM. A questionnaire survey was conducted involving the Nagasaki University School of Dentistry (NUSD), a university that implements education in OM as part of its undergraduate curriculum, and Tokyo Dental College (TDC), which does not teach OM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The third- and fifth-year students of both NUSD and TDC underwent the anonymous questionnaire survey, which included questions regarding their knowledge of OM and CAM, interests in these subjects, and their opinions on the necessity of teaching OM in the undergraduate dental education, and the results were collected for analysis...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480394/establishment-and-evaluation-of-orthotopic-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-drug-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-mice-with-spleen-deficiency-syndrome-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#13
Haoxuan Luo, Yan Chen, Baoguo Sun, Ting Xiang, Shijun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Spleen-deficiency syndrome (SDS) in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) played pivotal roles on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was performed to establish and evaluate HCC model in mice with SDS in TCM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 C57BL/6 mice were randomized in six groups (n=15 for each group): A, Control group; B, SDS group; C, orthotopic HCC (OHCC) group; D, OHCC based on SDS (SDS-OHCC) group; E, Drug-induced HCC (DHCC) group; F, DHCC based on SDS (SDS-DHCC) group...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471308/fabrication-of-orientation-controlled-3d-tissues-using-a-layer-by-layer-technique-and-3d-printed-a-thermo-responsive-gel-frame
#14
Yoshinari Tsukamoto, Takami Akagi, Fumiaki Shima, Mitsuru Akashi
Herein, we report the fabrication of orientation-controlled tissues similar to heart and nerve tissues using a cell accumulation and three-dimensional (3D) printing technique. We firstly evaluated the 3D shaping ability of hydroxybutyl chitosan (HBC), a thermo-responsive polymer, by using a robotic dispensing 3D printer. HBC polymer could be laminated to a height of 1,124 ± 14 μm. Based on this result, we fabricated 3D gel frames of various shapes such as square, triangular, rectangular and circular for shape control of 3D tissue and then normal human cardiac fibroblasts (NHCFs) coated with extracellular matrix (ECM) nanofilms were seeded in the frames...
May 4, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#15
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463093/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-clinical-competence-professional-training-and-ethical-care-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#16
Markus P Bidell, Lara M Stepleman
There are exigent reasons to foster lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) competence, training, and ethical care for health professionals within an interdisciplinary paradigm. LGBT individuals experience serious health and psychosocial disparities; moreover, these inequalities can be amplified when other aspects of diversity such as race, ethnicity, age, gender, religion, disability, and socioeconomic status intersect with sexual orientation and gender identity (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2011). While the origins of LGBT health and psychosocial disparities are manifold, deficiencies in professional training, ethical care, and clinical competence are underlying contributors (IOM, 2011)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463077/rationale-and-design-of-the-recording-courses-of-vascular-diseases-registry-reccord-registry
#17
Nasser M Malyar, Jürgen Stausberg, Wulf D Ito, Heinz Kölble, Ralf Langhoff, Holger Lawall, Michael Lichtenberg, Jens Stegemann, Marcus Treitl, Norbert Weiss, Ulrich Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing worldwide. Revascularization procedures constitute a cornerstone of the therapy in PAD, not only in critical limb ischaemia but increasingly also in patients with intermittent claudication. The German Society of Angiology - Society for Vascular Medicine is establishing a nationwide, prospective, multicentre registry to address the lack of contemporary real life data regarding current practice of medical and interventional care in vascular patients and its subsequent long-term outcome...
May 2, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462124/the-quantum-universe-philosophical-foundations-and-oriental-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Menas C Kafatos, Keun-Hang Yang
The existence of universal principles in both science and medicine implies that one can explore their common applicability. Here we explore what we have learned from quantum mechanics, phenomena such as entanglement and nonlocality, the role of participation of the observer, and how these may apply to oriental medicine. The universal principles of integrated polarity, recursion, and creative interactivity apply to all levels of existence and all human activities, including healing and medicine. This review examines the possibility that what we have learned from quantum mechanics may provide clues to better understand the operational principles of oriental medicine in an integrated way...
December 2016: Integr Med Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461773/activation-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-3-by-the-methanolic-extract-of-schisandra-chinensis-fruit-and-its-chemical-constituent-%C3%AE-schisandrin
#19
Yuran Nam, Hyun Jong Kim, Young-Mi Kim, Young-Won Chin, Yung Kyu Kim, Hyo Sang Bae, Joo Hyun Nam, Woo Kyung Kim
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3) is a non-selective cation channel with modest permeability to calcium ions. It is involved in intracellular calcium signaling and is therefore important in processes such as thermal sensation, skin barrier formation, and wound healing. TRPV3 was initially proposed as a warm temperature sensor. It is activated by synthetic small-molecule chemicals and plant-derived natural compounds such as camphor and eugenol. Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (SC) has diverse pharmacological properties including antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, and wound healing activities...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461125/modulation-of-neurogenesis-via-neurotrophic-factors-in-acupuncture-treatments-for-neurological-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Hwa Kyoung Shin, Sae-Won Lee, Byung Tae Choi
Acupuncture is one of the main healing arts in Oriental medicine. It has long been used in East Asian countries, including Korea and China, and is thought to be an effective alternative treatment for various neurological diseases. The therapeutic effects of acupuncture come from inserting a needle at specific acupoints on the body surface, with subsequent delivery of stimulation via manual rotation or electric pulses (electroacupuncture, EA). In various neurological disease models, peripheral nerve stimulation using acupuncture or EA may have protective effects on neural tissues by increasing expression of neurotrophic factors (NTFs), such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial-derived neurotrophic factor, in the central nervous system, especially the brain...
April 29, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
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