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Oriental medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773341/a-full-solution-for-multi-component-quantification-oriented-quality-assessment-of-herbal-medicines-chinese-agarwood-as-a-case
#1
Huixia Huo, Yao Liu, Wenjing Liu, Jing Sun, Qian Zhang, Yunfang Zhao, Jiao Zheng, Pengfei Tu, Yuelin Song, Jun Li
The quality of herbal medicines (HMs) is the prerequisite for their pronounced therapeutic outcomes in clinic, and multi-component (also known as quality markers, Q-markers) quantification has been widely emphasized as a viable means for quality evaluation. Because of the chemical diversity, the quality control practices are extensively dampened by four principal technical bottlenecks, including the lack of authentic compounds, large polarity span, extensive concentration range, and signal misrecognition for those potential Q-markers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771623/effects-of-an-ethanolic-extract-of-mulberry-fruit-on-blood-pressure-and-vascular-remodeling-in-spontaneous-hypertensive-rats
#2
Sang Woong Park, Kyung Chul Shin, Soon-Kyu Yoou, Hyun Ji Park, Seo Hyeon Eun, Young Min Bae, Hyang Mi Lee, Han-Jung Chae, Soo-Wan Chae, Bok Hee Choi
Mulberry (Morus alba) has been used in traditional oriental medicine since ages. Recently, it has been reported that mulberry produces hypotensive effects through the eNOS signaling pathway. However, the mechanism underlying the hypotensive effects of mulberry is not entirely clear. Moreover, the effects of mulberry on vascular remodeling events such as hyperplasia, an important etiology in the pathogenesis of hypertension and arteriosclerosis, are also ambiguous. Here, we hypothesized that an ethanolic extract of mulberry fruit (EMF) has beneficial effects on vascular remodeling and produces hypotensive effects...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769009/mesenchymal-stem-cell-research-in-veterinary-medicine
#3
Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo, Amarpal, Vikash Chandra, Mohd Yaqoob Wani, Kuldeep Dhama, Gutulla Taru Sharma
BACKGROUND: The stem cells due to their unique characteristic features like self-renewal, multiplication, immuno-modulation and differentiation, are seen and hoped to bring new horizons in the field of biology, in general and medicine, in particular. OBJECTIVE: Among various stem cell types, currently mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are extensively studied in regenerative medicine owing to their readily available sources, easy harvesting and ability to differentiate both into mesodermal as well as non-mesodermal tissues with little associated ethical issues...
May 16, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768999/essentials-and-perspectives-of-computational-modelling-assistance-for-cns-oriented-nanoparticle-based-drug-delivery-systems
#4
Joanna Kisała, Kinga I Heclik, Krzysztof Pogocki, Dariusz Pogocki
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a complex system controlling two-way substances traffic between circulatory (cardiovascular) system and central nervous system (CNS). It is almost perfectly crafted to regulate brain homeostasis and to permit selective transport of molecules that are essential for brain function. For potential drug candidates, the CNS-oriented neuropharmaceuticals as well as for those of primary targets in the periphery, the extent to which a substance in the circulation gains access to the CNS seems crucial...
May 16, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764369/vareporter-variant-reporter-for-cancer-research-of-massive-parallel-sequencing
#5
Po-Jung Huang, Chi-Ching Lee, Ling-Ya Chiu, Kuo-Yang Huang, Yuan-Ming Yeh, Chia-Yu Yang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Petrus Tang
BACKGROUND: High throughput sequencing technologies have been an increasingly critical aspect of precision medicine owing to a better identification of disease targets, which contributes to improved health care cost and clinical outcomes. In particular, disease-oriented targeted enrichment sequencing is becoming a widely-accepted application for diagnostic purposes, which can interrogate known diagnostic variants as well as identify novel biomarkers from panels of entire human coding exome or disease-associated genes...
May 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758279/potential-role-of-genipin-in-cancer-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Muthu K Shanmugam, Hongyuan Shen, Feng Ru Tang, Frank Arfuso, Mohanraj Rajesh, Lingzhi Wang, Alan Prem Kumar, Bian Jinsong, Goh Boon Cher, Anupam Bishayee, Gautam Sethi
Genipin, an aglycone derived from the iridoid glycoside, geniposide, is isolated and characterized from the extract of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit (family Rubiaceae). It has long been used in traditional oriental medicine for the prevention and treatment of several inflammation driven diseases, including cancer. Genipin has been shown to have hepatoprotective activity acting as a potent antioxidant and inhibitor of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2), and also reported to exert significant anticancer effects...
May 11, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755556/defensive-properties-of-ginsenoside-re-against-uv-b-induced-oxidative-stress-through-up-regulating-glutathione-and-superoxide-dismutase-in-hacat-keratinocytes
#7
Daehyun Shin, Hee Won Moon, Yuri Oh, Kyunghoon Kim, Dae-Duk Kim, Chang-Jin Lim
Ginseng is now used worldwide as a traditional Oriental medicine. Ginsenosides, also known as ginseng saponins, are responsible for most pharmacological efficacies of ginseng. This work aimed to assess the novel skin anti-photoaging potential of ginsenoside Re (Re), a protopanaxatriol-type ginsenoside, by analyzing reactive oxygen species (ROS), pro-matrix metalloproteinase-2 (proMMP-2) and -9 (proMMP-9), total glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and cellular viability in UV-B-irradiated HaCaT keratinocytes...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#8
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754110/ghanaian-traditional-and-faith-healers-explanatory-models-for-epilepsy
#9
Lily Kpobi, Leslie Swartz, Mpoe Johannah Keikelame
Epilepsy is the most common neurological condition in sub-Saharan Africa. A significant number of people with epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries do not receive formal biomedical care. They utilize the services of various traditional and alternative medicine practitioners. However, there is relatively little information about the beliefs and methods of alternative healthcare providers about epilepsy in many African countries. Using explanatory models of illness framework, we interviewed thirty-six traditional and faith healers in Ghana on their beliefs and perceptions about epilepsy, as well as how they would treat epilepsy...
May 10, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752120/effects-of-printing-induced-interfaces-on-localized-strain-within-3d-printed-hydrogel-structures
#10
Kyle Christensen, Brian Davis, Yifei Jin, Yong Huang
Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, is a promising approach for the fabrication of biological structures for regenerative medicine applications using tissue-like materials such as hydrogels. Herein, inkjet printing is implemented as a model droplet-based 3D printing technology for which interfaces have been shown to form between printed lines within printed layers of hydrogel structures. Experimental samples with interfaces in two orientations are fabricated by inkjet printing and control samples with and without interfaces are fabricated by extrusion printing and casting, respectively...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751720/-association-rules-analysis-of-fufang-kushen-injection-in-combination-with-modern-medications-in-treating-lung-cancer-real-world-study-based-on-hospital-information
#11
Hui-Sheng Yang, Yan-Ming Xie, Cen Chen, Yan Zhuang, Yin Zhang
The present study was aimed to analyze the association rules of Fufang Kushen injection in combination with other modern medications in treating lung cancer based on the electrical medical records in real world clinical situations extracted from hospital information system in Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and provide reference for improving rationality of clinical drug use and exploring the prescription rules as well as subsequent in-depth analysis. The electrical medical records of the hospitalized patients using Fufang Kushen injection for lung cancer were extracted to analyze the frequency distribution characteristics in combined application with western medicine, and Apriori algorithm was used to analyze the specific association rules in combined drug use...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750454/extemporaneous-formulations-in-germany-relevance-for-everyday-clinical-practice
#12
Petra Staubach, Stefan Salzmann, Adriane Peveling-Oberhag, Veronika Weyer, Sebastian Zimmer, Gabriele Gradl, Berenice M Lang
BACKGROUND: Extemporaneous formulations broaden the spectrum of therapeutic options for topical treatment in particular and thus improve patient care. The latest amendment to the Regulation on the Operation of Pharmacies issued in 2012 brought about changes in prescribing and manufacturing practices. The aim of the present study was to assess the relevance of extemporaneous formulations in everyday clinical practice. METHODS: We used data from the German Institute for Drug Use Evaluation (DAPI) to analyze the prescribing practice for compounded preparations in Germany between the fourth quarter of 2011 and the third quarter of 2014...
May 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746683/intellectualizing-medicine-a-reply-to-commentaries-on-prediction-understanding-and-medicine
#13
Alex Broadbent
This article is a reply to two critics of my "Prediction, Understanding, and Medicine," published elsewhere in this journal issue. In that essay, I argued that medicine is best understood not as essentially a curative enterprise, but rather as one essentially oriented towards prediction and understanding. Here, I defend this position from several criticisms made of it.
May 9, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745560/-analysis-of-mechanism-of-transition-zones-among-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-dispersions-in-brain-white-matter-and-grey-matter
#14
Rui Tian, Mai Lu
In order to explore the application of the dielectric properties of white matter and grey matter in β, δ and γ dispersion transition zones used in clinical medicine and microwave imaging technology, we calculated the dielectric constant and its increment by using Cole-Cole equation. Based on the mutation of the increment of dielectric constant, the frequency range of three dispersions were evaluated. The dominate dispersion and the corresponding polarization mechanism were analyzed by using Cole-Cole circle...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738387/imaging-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-necrotizing-otitis-externa-a-survey-of-practice-patterns
#15
Timothy Cooper, Douglas Hildrew, Jacob S McAfee, Andrew A McCall, Barton F Branstetter, Barry E Hirsch
OBJECTIVE: To survey neurotologists and head and neck radiologists regarding use of imaging in the diagnosis and management of necrotizing otitis externa (NOE). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Online survey distributed through email to specialty society membership lists. PARTICIPANTS: Neurotologists and head and neck radiologists with membership in either the American Neurotology Society or The American Society of Head and Neck Radiology...
June 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728078/emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-a-mixed-methods-study-from-chennai-india
#16
Subashini Sundararajan, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence is the ability of a person to understand and respond to one's own and others' emotions and use this understanding to guide one's thoughts and actions. To assess the level of emotional intelligence of medical students in a medical college in Chennai and to explore their understanding of the role of emotions in medical practice. METHODS: A quantitative, cross sectional, questionnaire based, survey was conducted among 207 medical students in a college in Chennai, India using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self Assessment Test and some hypothetical emotional clinical vignettes...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724255/optimizing-acupuncture-treatment-for-dry-eye-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#17
Bong Hyun Kim, Min Hee Kim, Se Hyun Kang, Hae Jeong Nam
BACKGROUND: In a former meta-analysis review, acupuncture was considered a potentially effective treatment for dry eye syndrome (DES), but there were heterogeneities among the outcomes. We updated the meta-analysis and conducted subgroup analysis to reduce the heterogeneity and suggest the most effective acupuncture method based on clinical trials. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in 10 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTAL, AMED, SCOPUS, CNKI, Wangfang database, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS), Koreamed, J-stage) and searched by hand to compare the effects of acupuncture and artificial tears (AT)...
May 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718289/-the-neurosis-that-has-possessed-us-political-repression-in-the-cold-war-medical-profession
#18
Merlin Chowkwanyun
Political repression played a central role in shaping the political complexion of the American medical profession, the policies it advocated, and those allowed to function comfortably in it. Previous work on the impact of McCarthyism and medicine focuses heavily on the mid-century failure of national health insurance (NHI) and medical reform organizations that suffered from McCarthyist attacks. The focus is national and birds-eye but says less about the impact on day-to-day life of physicians caught in a McCarthyist web; and how exactly the machinery of political repression within the medical profession worked on the ground...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716610/service-provision-in-the-wake-of-a-new-funding-model-for-community-pharmacy
#19
Alesha J Smith, Shane L Scahill, Jeff Harrison, Tilley Carroll, Natalie J Medlicott
BACKGROUND: Recently, New Zealand has taken a system wide approach providing the biggest reform to New Zealand community pharmacy for 70 years with the aim of providing more clinically orientated patient centred services through a new funding model. The aim of this study was to understand the types of services offered in New Zealand community pharmacies since introduction of the new funding model, what the barriers are to providing these services. METHOD: A survey of all community pharmacies were undertaken between August, 2014 and February, 2015...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713474/the-belgian-commitment-to-pharmaceutical-quality-a-model-policy-to-improve-quality-assurance-of-medicines-available-through-humanitarian-and-development-programs
#20
EDITORIAL
Raffaella Ravinetto, Tim Roosen, Catherine Dujardin
Today, a combination of globalization of pharmaceutical production, lack of regulatory harmonization, and weakness of Medicines Regulatory Authorities, creates the "perfect conditions" for poor-quality medicine to circulate in the global market and to penetrate the less-regulated countries. Medicines regulation is the responsibility of the national regulatory authorities in the recipient country, but in the poorer countries, in practice, the responsibility of supply of quality-assured medicines is often taken by Non-Governmental Organizations and other implementers...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
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