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guidelines for oxygen therapy in hospital

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614489/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-adjuvant-treatment-for-hardware-related-infections-in-neuromodulation
#1
Jiri Bartek, Simon Skyrman, Michael Nekludov, Tiit Mathiesen, Folke Lind, Gaston Schechtmann
BACKGROUND: In neuromodulation therapies, hardware-related infections are a major challenge often leading to hardware removal. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of adjuvant hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in hardware-related infections. METHODS: Fourteen hardware-related infection events in 12 consecutive patients between 2002 and 2015 were treated with antibiotics and adjuvant HBOT at the Karolinska University Hospital (Stockholm, Sweden)...
April 3, 2018: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599378/effects-of-supplemental-oxygen-therapy-in-patients-with-suspected-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#2
Nariman Sepehrvand, Stefan K James, Dion Stub, Ardavan Khoshnood, Justin A Ezekowitz, Robin Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Although oxygen therapy has been used for over a century in the management of patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI), recent studies have raised concerns around the efficacy and safety of supplemental oxygen in normoxaemic patients. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of supplemental oxygen therapy compared with room air in patients with suspected or confirmed AMI...
March 29, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493875/efficiency-of-physiotherapy-with-caycedian-sophrology-on-children-with-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Huguette Romieu, Françoise Charbonnier, Dora Janka, Aymeric Douillard, Valérie Macioce, Kathleen Lavastre, Hamouda Abassi, Marie-Catherine Renoux, Thibault Mura, Pascal Amedro
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease in pediatrics. Along with the usual drug therapy using corticosteroids and bronchodilators, some interest has been shown for adjuvant therapies, such as sophrology. However, the level of evidence for non-pharmaceutical therapies in asthma remains low, especially in children. This study aimed to assess whether in children with asthma, peak expiratory flow (PEF) improved more after a sophrology session alongside standard treatment than after standard treatment alone...
May 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444562/fluid-resuscitation-during-early-sepsis-a-need-for-individualization
#4
Mathieu Jozwiak, Olfa Hamzaoui, Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
The prognosis of septic shock is tightly linked to the earliness of both appropriate antibiotic therapy and early hemodynamic resuscitation. This latter is essentially based on fluid and vasopressors administration. The step-by-step strategy, called "early goal-directed therapy" (EGDT) developed in 2001 and endorsed by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) between 2004 and 2016 is no longer recommended. Indeed, recent multicenter randomized clinical trials showed no reduction in all-cause mortality, duration of organ support and in-hospital length of stay with EGDT in comparison with standard care...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390550/successful-treatment-of-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-by-means-of-pharmacotherapy-combined-with-early-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-case-report
#5
Dorota Olex-Zarychta
RATIONALE: According to the World Health Organization reports, adult-onset hearing loss is the 15th leading cause of burden of disease, and is projected to move up to 7th by the year 2030, especially in high-income countries. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is considered by otologists as a true otologic emergency. The current standard treatment for sudden hearing loss is a tapered course of oral high-dose corticosteroids. The described clinical case points to the validity of undertaking early hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) therapy together with corticosteroids for full recovery of adult onset idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261592/whole-blood-and-hextend-bookends-of-modern-tactical-combat-casualty-care-field-resuscitation-and-starting-point-for-multi-functional-resuscitation-fluid-development
#6
Forest R Sheppard, Thomas A Mitchell, Antoni R Macko, Darren M Fryer, Leasha J Schaub, Kassandra M Ozuna, Jacob J Glaser
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable death in traumatically injured civilian and military populations. Pre-hospital resuscitation largely relies on crystalloid and colloid intra-vascular expansion, as whole blood and component blood therapy are logistically arduous. In this experiment, we evaluated the bookends of Tactical Combat Casualty Care Guidelines recommendations of pre-hospital resuscitation with Hextend and whole blood in a controlled hemorrhagic shock model within non-human primates, as means of a multi-functional resuscitative fluid development...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236169/current-treatment-of-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-a-national-survey
#7
Teddy S Youn, Patrick Lavin, Morgan Patrylo, Joseph Schindler, Howard Kirshner, David M Greer, Matthew Schrag
BACKGROUND: Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmological emergency, the retinal analog of a stroke. To date there is no consensus or national guidelines on how this disorder should be managed. As academic neurologists and ophthalmologists treat CRAO frequently, we set out to understand how these clinicians approach patients with CRAO with a national survey. METHODS: We identified university-associated teaching hospitals offering vascular neurology, neuro-ophthalmology and/or retina fellowships in the US and asked the directors of the programs to respond to questions in an open response format to profile the acute management of CRAO at their institution...
February 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173683/evolving-strategies-in-cardiac-arrest-management
#8
REVIEW
Bram J Geller, Benjamin S Abella
Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in the United States, with a hospital discharge rate of approximately 10%. International resuscitation guidelines offer standardized cardiac arrest management approaches, but beyond the guidelines, are promising innovations to improve resuscitative care. Although clinical data do not yet support the routine use of mechanical chest compressions, corticosteroids, thrombolytics, and adjunctive ventilation devices during arrest, these therapies may have an important role in select patients...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129174/high-flow-or-titrated-oxygen-for-obese-medical-inpatients-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Janine Pilcher, Michael Richards, Leonie Eastlake, Steven J McKinstry, George Bardsley, Sarah Jefferies, Irene Braithwaite, Mark Weatherall, Richard Beasley
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (Ptco2) of high concentration and titrated oxygen therapy in medical inpatients with morbid obesity who were not selected for a pre-existing diagnosis of obesity hypoventilation syndrome. DESIGN: A randomised, crossover trial undertaken between February and September 2015. SETTING: Internal medicine service, Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 22 adult inpatients, aged 16 years or more, with a body mass index exceeding 40 kg/m<sup>2</sup>...
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123868/cardiocerebral-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-2017-update
#10
REVIEW
Gordon A Ewy
Sudden cardiac arrest is a major public health problem in the industrialized nations of the world. Yet, in spite of recurrent updates of the guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care, many areas have suboptimal survival rates. Cardiocerebral resuscitation, a non-guidelines approach to therapy of primary cardiac arrest based on our animal research, was instituted in Tucson (AZ, USA) in 2002 and subsequently adopted in other areas of the USA. Survival rates of patients with primary cardiac arrest and a shockable rhythm significantly improved wherever it was adopted...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119223/-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-esc-guidelines-2017
#11
REVIEW
H Thiele, S Desch, S de Waha
This article gives an update on the management of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to the recently released European Society of Cardiology guidelines 2017 and the modifications are compared to the previous STEMI guidelines from 2012. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains the preferred reperfusion strategy. New guideline recommendations relate to the access site with a clear preference for the radial artery, use of drug-eluting stents over bare metal stents, complete revascularization during the index hospitalization, and avoidance of routine thrombus aspiration...
December 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105576/clinical-signs-of-hypoxaemia-in-children-aged-2%C3%A2-months-to-5%C3%A2-years-with-acute-respiratory-distress-in-switzerland-and-senegal
#12
Lucie von der Weid, Mario Gehri, Boubacar Camara, Aliou Thiongane, Andrès Pascual, Jean-Yves Pauchard
BACKGROUND: Hypoxaemia is a predictor of pneumonia-related mortality. WHO published recommendations for oxygen therapy based on clinical signs which state that, when oxygen is plentiful, it should be given to children with central cyanosis, inability to drink, severe chest indrawing, RR >70 breaths/min, grunting with every breath (in young infants) or those who display head nodding. These guidelines, however, are based on a few studies only. AIM: To assess the accuracy of combinations of clinical signs which predict hypoxaemia in pre-school children aged 2 months to 5 years with acute respiratory distress in hospitals in Switzerland and Senegal...
November 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885765/reducing-hospital-acquired-pressure-ulcers-using-bundle-methodology-in-pediatric-and-neonatal-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-therapy-an-integrative-review-and-call-to-action
#13
Suzanne E Courtwright, Kari A Mastro, Christa Preuster, Navid Dardashti, Sandra McGill, Myrlene Madelon, Donna Johnson
PURPOSE: This review focuses on identifying (1) evidence of the effectiveness of care bundle methodology to reduce hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) in pediatric and neonatal patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy and (2) barriers to implementing HAPU care bundles in this at-risk population. DESIGN AND METHODS: An integrative review was conducted and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
September 8, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869712/acute-oxygen-therapy-an-audit-of-prescribing-and-delivery-practices-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-perth-western-australia
#14
Anam Kamran, Elisa Chia, Claire Tobin
BACKGROUND: Oxygen is a widely used drug in the hospital setting. However, international audits suggest that oxygen administration practices are often not compliant with prescribed standards. This can place patients at risk and cause serious adverse events. AIM: To analyse data related to recent practices of oxygen prescription and administration at Royal Perth Hospital (RPH), Western Australia. The results of this audit aim to guide further research on possible interventional studies implementing key solutions...
February 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815092/zinc-chloride-smoke-inhalation-induced-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-first-survival-in-the-united-states-with-extended-duration-five-weeks-therapy-with-high-dose-corticosteroids-in-combination-with-lung-protective-ventilation
#15
Hafiz Mahboob, Robert Richeson Iii, Robert McCain
Zinc chloride smoke bomb exposure is frequently seen in military drills, combat exercises, metal industry works, and disaster simulations. Smoke exposure presents with variety of pulmonary damage based on the intensity of the exposure. Smoke induced severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is often fatal and there are no standard treatment guidelines. We report the first survival of smoke induced severe ARDS in the United States (US) with prolonged use of high dose steroids (five weeks) and lung protective ventilation alone...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764841/non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-comprehensive-review
#16
REVIEW
Tamunoinemi Bob-Manuel, Ikechuckwu Ifedili, Guy Reed, Uzoma N Ibebuogu, Rami N Khouzam
Non-ST elevation-acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) includes NSTE myocardial infarction and unstable angina. This patient population forms approximately two-thirds of all hospital admissions for ACS in the United States each year and is associated with an in-hospital mortality of 5%. NSTE-ACS is primarily due to an acute change in the supply and demand balance of coronary perfusion and myocardial oxygen consumption, because of the significant coronary artery obstruction presenting as plaque rupture or erosion...
September 2017: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651475/high-frequency-ventilation-modalities-as-salvage-therapy-for-smoke-inhalation-associated-acute-lung-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Andrew C Miller, Paula A Ferrada, Sameer S Kadri, Krupa Nataraj-Bhandari, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Sadeq A Quraishi
BACKGROUND: Smoke inhalation-associated acute lung injury (SI-ALI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in victims of fire tragedies. To date, there are no evidence-based guidelines on ventilation strategies in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after smoke inhalation. We reviewed the existing literature for clinical studies of salvage mechanical ventilation (MV) strategies in patients with SI-ALI, focusing on mortality and pneumonia as outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search was designed in accordance with preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644692/hyperbaric-oxygen-may-only-be-optional-in-head-and-neck-necrotizing-fasciitis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-43-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Jens Faunø Thrane, Arunas Pikelis, Therese Ovesen
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis in the head and neck (NF-HN) is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition. The use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in the acute regimen is disputed and there is a lack of evidence of therapeutic effect. This study aims to describe a retrospective cohort of patients with NF-HN and investigate the use of HBOT and consequences thereof. METHODS: All patients treated for NF-HN at Aarhus University Hospital (AUH) between 2002 and 2014 were included in this retrospective cohort...
November 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625234/-effect-of-global-end-diastolic-volume-index-guidance-fluid-resuscitation-in-elderly-patients-with-septic-shock
#19
Shuang Ma, Rumin Zhang, Shifu Wang, Meiling Zhao, Lei Wang, Yun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI) on fluid resuscitation in elderly patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Septic shock patients over 65 years admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shandong Province, Zibo Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 20 cases in each group...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567280/solar-powered-oxygen-systems-in-remote-health-centers-in-papua-new-guinea-a-large-scale-implementation-effectiveness-trial
#20
Trevor Duke, Ilomo Hwaihwanje, Magdalynn Kaupa, Jonah Karubi, Doreen Panauwe, Martin Sa'avu, Francis Pulsan, Peter Prasad, Freddy Maru, Henry Tenambo, Ambrose Kwaramb, Eleanor Neal, Hamish Graham, Rasa Izadnegahdar
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the largest cause of child deaths in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and hypoxaemia is the major complication causing death in childhood pneumonia, and hypoxaemia is a major factor in deaths from many other common conditions, including bronchiolitis, asthma, sepsis, malaria, trauma, perinatal problems, and obstetric emergencies. A reliable source of oxygen therapy can reduce mortality from pneumonia by up to 35%. However, in low and middle income countries throughout the world, improved oxygen systems have not been implemented at large scale in remote, difficult to access health care settings, and oxygen is often unavailable at smaller rural hospitals or district health centers which serve as the first point of referral for childhood illnesses...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
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