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adverse effect of immunization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339520/efficacy-of-bacillus-subtilis-and-bacitracin-methylene-disalicylate-on-growth-performance-digestibility-blood-metabolites-immunity-and-intestinal-microbiota-after-intramuscular-inoculation-with-escherichia-coli-in-broilers
#1
M Manafi, S Khalaji, M Hedayati, N Pirany
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of Bacillus subtilis (BS) on broiler performance and health after intramuscular inoculation with E. coli and compare its effect with a growth promoter antibiotic. In a completely randomized design manner, 360 male Ross 308 chicks were divided into 6 treatments and 5 replicates of 12 chicks in each replicate. Experimental treatments included control diet, control + E. coli (0.5 mL of culture containing 108 CFU of E. coli/ml), control + 0.1% BS, control + 0...
October 6, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337880/effects-of-anesthesia-using-propofol-and-etomidate-on-t-lymphocyte-subpopulation-of-infectious-shock-patients-in-perioperative-period
#2
Y Wang, J Zhang, S J Zhang
Infectious or septic shock is induced when a toxic microorganism invades blood circulation in the human body. Emergency operation is an effective method for treating infectious shock in the early stages although the use of anesthesia is more complex due to the internal disorders caused by the disease. This study explored the effects of propofol and etomidate anesthesia on the cellular immune function (T lymphocyte subpopulation) of infectious shock patients, aiming to provide a basis for the selection of the proper anesthetic method...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334791/isolated-acth-deficiency-probably-induced-by-autoimmune-related-mechanism-evoked-with-nivolumab
#3
Keiko Kitajima, Kenji Ashida, Naoko Wada, Ryoko Suetsugu, Yukina Takeichi, Shohei Sakamoto, Hiroshi Uchi, Takamitsu Matsushima, Motoaki Shiratsuchi, Keizo Ohnaka, Masutaka Furue, Masatoshi Nomura
Nivolumab, an anti-programmed death-1 antibody, is a breakthrough treatment for several malignancies. Its specific adverse effects caused by autoimmunity are termed immune-related adverse events, which involve several endocrine dysfunctions. Herein, we report two cases of isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency induced by nivolumab for the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma. Case 1 was a 39-year-old man and Case 2 was a 50-year-old woman, both of whom presented with progressive melanoma...
February 18, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334331/alterations-of-immune-parameters-on-trichoplusia-ni-lepidoptera-noctuidae-larvae-exposed-to-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields
#4
Jose A Valadez-Lira, Nahui O Medina-Chavez, Alonso A Orozco-Flores, J Antonio Heredia-Rojas, Abraham O Rodriguez-de la Fuente, Ricardo Gomez-Flores, Juan M Alcocer-Gonzalez, Patricia Tamez-Guerra
Worldwide mobile telephone and microwave use have resulted in an increasing presence of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field radiations (ELF-EMFs) in ecosystems. ELF-EMFs have been associated with altered physiological processes that can adversely affect exposed organisms. In this study, Trichoplusia ni Hübner larvae were exposed for 24, 48, or 72 h to ELF-EMFs (60 Hz and 2.0 mT) to assess effects on immune response parameters and fertility. Trichoplusia ni life cycle and fertility were not affected by 24-h exposure...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329914/ginsenoside-rg3-restores-hepatitis-c-virus-induced-aberrant-mitochondrial-dynamics-and-inhibits-virus-propagation
#5
Seong-Jun Kim, Jae Young Jang, Eun-Jung Kim, Eun Kyung Cho, Dae Gyun Ahn, Chonsaeng Kim, Han Seul Park, Soung Won Jeong, Sae Hwan Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Hong Soo Kim, Boo Sung Kim, Ji-Hyung Lee, Aleem Siddiqui
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) alters mitochondrial dynamics associated with persistent viral infection and suppression of innate immunity. Mitochondrial dysfunction is also a pathologic feature of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment. Despite the high efficacy of DAAs, their treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C in interferon-sparing regimens occasionally produces undesirable side effects such as fatigue, migraine and other conditions, which may be linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we show that clinically prescribed DAAs, including Sofosbuvir, affect mitochondrial dynamics...
March 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328083/oral-iron-supplementation-potential-implications-for-the-gut-microbiome-and-metabolome-in-patients-with-ckd
#6
Guus A M Kortman, Dorien Reijnders, Dorine W Swinkels
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and loss of kidney function are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality. The risks of CKD are attributed to "uremia," an increased concentration of uremic retention solutes (toxins) in the plasma. Recently, a colo-renal axis became clearly apparent and uremia has been associated with an altered gut microbiome composition and metabolism. There is a high prevalence of anemia in patients with CKD, for which patients are often treated with oral or intravenous iron...
March 22, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326768/air-pollution-and-climate-change-effects-on-allergies-in-the-anthropocene-abundance-interaction-and-modification-of-allergens-and-adjuvants
#7
Kathrin Reinmuth-Selzle, Christopher J Kampf, Kurt Lucas, Naama Lang-Yona, Janine Fröhlich-Nowoisky, Manabu Shiraiwa, Pascale Sylvie Jeanne Lakey, Senchao Lai, Fobang Liu, Anna Theresa Kunert, Kira Ziegler, Fangxia Shen, Rossella Sgarbanti, Bettina Weber, Iris Bellinghausen, Joachim Saloga, Michael G Weller, Albert Duschl, Detlef Schuppan, Ulrich Pöschl
Air pollution and climate change are potential drivers for the increasing burden of allergic diseases. The molecular mechanisms by which air pollutants and climate parameters may influence allergic diseases, however, are complex and elusive. This article provides an overview of physical, chemical and biological interactions between air pollution, climate change, allergens, adjuvants and the immune system, addressing how these interactions may promote the development of allergies. We reviewed and synthesized key findings from atmospheric, climate, and biomedical research...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325688/current-and-emerging-molecular-tests-for-human-papillomavirus-related-neoplasia-in-the-genomic-era
#8
REVIEW
Sixto M Leal, Margaret L Gulley
Laboratory tests have a key role in preventing human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven carcinomas and in guiding therapeutic interventions. An understanding of the virology, immunology, and carcinogenesis of HPV is essential for choosing appropriate diagnostic test modalities and developing new and even more effective cancer prevention strategies. HPV infects basal epithelial cells on multiple surfaces and induces carcinoma primarily in the cervix and the oropharynx. HPV types are stratified as high risk or low risk based on their carcinogenic potential, driven largely by viral interference with cell cycle regulation and the DNA damage response to promote continuous cell division while thwarting apoptosis, which enables mutation accumulation...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324750/biological-mechanisms-of-immune-escape-and-implications-for-immunotherapy-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer D Moy, Jessica M Moskovitz, Robert L Ferris
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive malignancy with high morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in cytotoxic therapies and surgical techniques, overall survival (OS) has not improved over the past few decades. This emphasises the need for intense investigation into novel therapies with good tumour control and minimal toxicity. Cancer immunotherapy has led this endeavour, attempting to improve tumour recognition and expand immune responses against tumour cells. While various forms of HNSCC immunotherapy are in preclinical trials, the most promising direction thus far has been with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), targeting growth factor and immune checkpoint receptors...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321818/skin-reactions-to-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#10
Anisha B Patel, Omar Pacha
The novelty of immune checkpoint inhibitors has only recently led to the characterization of cutaneous adverse events (AEs). This, along with the substantial rate of cutaneous reactions, has left many clinicians without sufficient familiarity to diagnose and treat. In the following chapter, we will review the categories of these drugs, common cutaneous effects, their grading, and management options.
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321034/galectin-9-as-a-predictive-marker-for-the-onset-of-immune-related-adverse-effects-associated-with-anti-ccr4-moab-therapy-in-patients-with-adult-t-cell-leukemia
#11
Tareg Omer Mohammed, Haorile Chagan-Yasutan, Yugo Ashino, Wakana Nakayama, Yayoi Takahashi, Taizo Shimomura, Tetsuhiro Fujimoto, Yuko Watanabe, Toshiro Niki, Hitoshi Suzushima, Toshio Hattori
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL/ATLL) is one of the most malignant lymphomas with poor prognosis. ATL/ATLL cells express CC chemokine receptor 4, and mogamulizumab (anti-CCR4 monoclonal antibody) exhibits strong cytotoxicity for ATL/ATLL cells. We analyzed plasma samples of 6 patients with ATL/ATLL treated with chemotherapy followed by mogamulizumab therapy (mogatherapy) for changes in the levels of biomarkers in relation to immune-related adverse effects. As treatment is often associated with skin eruptions, we investigated the profiles of inflammatory cytokines, including galectin-9 (Gal-9), which becomes increased in various infectious diseases and allergic patients...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320635/safety-and-efficacy-of-multipotent-adult-progenitor-cells-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke-masters-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#12
David C Hess, Lawrence R Wechsler, Wayne M Clark, Sean I Savitz, Gary A Ford, David Chiu, Dileep R Yavagal, Ken Uchino, David S Liebeskind, Alexander P Auchus, Souvik Sen, Cathy A Sila, Jeffrey D Vest, Robert W Mays
BACKGROUND: Multipotent adult progenitor cells are a bone marrow-derived, allogeneic, cell therapy product that modulates the immune system, and represents a promising therapy for acute stroke. We aimed to identify the highest, well-tolerated, and safest single dose of multipotent adult progenitor cells, and if they were efficacious as a treatment for stroke recovery. METHODS: We did a phase 2, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation trial of intravenous multipotent adult progenitor cells in 33 centres in the UK and the USA...
March 17, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320592/facilitators-and-barriers-of-parental-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-school-located-influenza-vaccination-in-the-united-states-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Gloria J Kang, Rachel K Culp, Kaja M Abbas
The study objective was to identify facilitators and barriers of parental attitudes and beliefs toward school-located influenza vaccination in the United States. In 2009, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expanded their recommendations for influenza vaccination to include school-aged children. We conducted a systematic review of studies focused on facilitators and barriers of parental attitudes toward school-located influenza vaccination in the United States from 1990 to 2016...
March 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320270/role-of-nerve-growth-factor-in-plasticity-of-forebrain-cholinergic-neurons
#14
REVIEW
N K Isaev, E V Stelmashook, E E Genrikhs
Neuronal plastic rearrangements during the development and functioning of neurons are largely regulated by trophic factors, including nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF is also involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. In the brain, NGF is produced in structures innervated by basal forebrain cholinergic neurons and retrogradely transported along the axons to the bodies of cholinergic neurons. NGF is essential for normal development and functioning of the basal forebrain; it affects formation of the dendritic tree and modulates the activities of choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase in basal forebrain neurons...
March 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317623/food-allergy-what-we-know-now
#15
REVIEW
Lindsey E Moore, Patricia H Stewart, Richard D deShazo
Food allergy is an adverse immune reaction that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food. Prevalence rates of food allergy continue to increase worldwide, sparking continual research efforts in finding a suitable and safe cure. Food avoidance, the current standard of care, can be difficult to achieve. This review aims to provide a broad overview of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy, highlighting its epidemiology, masqueraders, immunopathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up and available preventative and treatment strategies...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316123/the-msc-adhesion-cascade-insights-into-homing-and-transendothelial-migration
#16
Franziska Nitzsche, Claudia Müller, Barbara Lukomska, Jukka Jolkkonen, Alexander Deten, Johannes Boltze
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are promising candidates for adult cell therapies in regenerative medicine. To fully exert their potential, efficient homing and migration towards lesion sites plays an important role. Local transplantation deposits MSC in spatial proximity to the lesion, but often requires invasive procedures. Systemic administration routes are favored, but require the targeted extravasation of the circulating MSC at the site of injury. Transplanted MSC can indeed leave the blood flow and transmigrate through the endothelial barrier, and reach the lesion site...
March 18, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316036/targeting-the-microbiome-in-heart-failure
#17
REVIEW
Allyson Zabell, W H Wilson Tang
Heart failure is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world today. While there have been major advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of heart failure over the past decades, disease progression remains inevitable in the majority of patients and effective therapies to prevent heart failure are still lacking. Research has turned to better understand the gut microbiome because alterations in their ecosystems have been associated with various downstream chronic conditions including cardiovascular diseases...
April 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315555/checkpoint-inhibitors-common-immune-related-adverse-events-and-their-management%C3%A2
#18
RuthAnn Gordon, Mary Kate Kasler, Kristen Stasi, Yelena Shames, Mimma Errante, Kathryn Ciccolini, Anna Skripnik Lucas, Pam Raasch, Erica Fischer-Cartlidge
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy, specifically the use of checkpoint inhibitors, offers patients with cancer an alternative to chemotherapy, targeting different pathways to destroy cancer cells. The side effects of immunotherapies, as well as their impact on normal tissue, need to be assessed and managed based on their mechanisms of action. OBJECTIVES: This article presents an overview of immune-related adverse events (AEs). 
. METHODS: Common immune-related toxicities, as well as rare and refractory toxicities, are reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315228/clinical-value-of-monoclonal-antibodies-and-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
REVIEW
Wiktoria Blaszczak, Wojciech Barczak, Anna Wegner, Wojciech Golusinski, Wiktoria Maria Suchorska
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a heterogeneous group of malignant tumours that affects over 500,000 patients per year. Treatment failure is generally due to the heterogeneity of these tumours and to the serious adverse effects associated with treatment. Immunological system impairment, which is common in HNSCC, further contributes to treatment failure by mediating tumour escape mechanisms. To date, the only clinically approved targeted therapy agent is cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that binds to, and inhibits, epidermal growth factor receptor, which is widely overexpressed in HNSCC...
April 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315219/assessment-of-ige-reactivity-of-%C3%AE-casein-by-western-blotting-after-digestion-with-simulated-gastric-fluid
#20
Sara Benedé, Rosina López-Fandiño, Elena Molina
Cow's milk allergy is defined as an immunologically mediated adverse reaction to cow's milk proteins and it is usually, along with hen's egg allergy, the first food allergy identified in childhood.One of the main aspects to consider when evaluating the allergenic potential of food proteins is the effect of gastric digestion. It is known that allergens are usually able to survive the harsh acidic environment of the stomach, tolerate the presence of surfactants, and resist digestion by pepsin. They might also be digested into high molecular weight peptide fragments, which retain the same, or sometimes increased, IgE-binding...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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