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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665887/a-cabinet-of-the-ordinary-domesticating-veterinary-education-1766-1799
#1
Kit Heintzman
In the late eighteenth century, the Ecole vétérinaire d'Alfort was renowned for its innovative veterinary education and for having one of the largest natural history and anatomy collections in France. Yet aside from a recent interest in the works of one particular anatomist, the school's history has been mostly ignored. I examine here the fame of the school in eighteenth-century travel literature, the historic connection between veterinary science and natural history, and the relationship between the school's hospital and its esteemed cabinet...
April 18, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665886/antimicrobial-resistance-from-basic-science-to-translational-innovation
#2
Jun Lin
The rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a major threat to animal agriculture and human health. To summarize and update current and emerging AMR issues that are significant for animal health and food safety, this issue presents a virtual AMR symposium consisting of seven review papers. These reviews cover a newly described AMR mechanism in Campylobacter, effects of AMR and microbiome on Campylobacter infection, plasmid-mediated colistin resistance in food-producing animals, the impact of point source or antibiotic residues on the environmental resistome, and potential factors influencing horizontal gene transfer in the intestines of food animals...
December 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660406/is-antimicrobial-administration-to-food-animals-a-direct-threat-to-human-health-a-rapid-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Anna Mae Scott, Elaine Beller, Paul Glasziou, Justin Clark, Respati W Ranakusuma, Oyungerel Byambasuren, Mina Bakhit, Stephen W Page, Darren Trott, Chris Del Mar
BACKGROUND: Large quantities of antimicrobials are given to food animals, especially in feed, potentially risking increased antimicrobial resistance in humans. However, the magnitude of this effect is unclear. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase and Web of Science, for studies on interventions which limited antimicrobial use in food animals, in any setting and context, to reduce antimicrobial resistance 1) in those food animals; and 2) in humans. We validated our strategy by testing whether it identifies known relevant studies...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660181/descriptive-versus-mechanistic-scientific-approach-to-study-wound-healing-and-its-inhibition-is-there-a-value-of-translational-research-involving-human-subjects
#4
REVIEW
Irena Pastar, Lulu Lu Wong, Andjela N Egger, Marjana Tomic-Canic
The clinical field of wound healing is challenged by numerous hurdles. Not only are wound healing disorders complex and multifactorial, but the corresponding patient population is diverse, often elderly and burdened by multiple comorbidities such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc. The care of such patients requires a dedicated, multi-disciplinary team of physicians, surgeons, nurses, and scientists. In spite of the critical clinical need, it has been over 15 years since a treatment received approval for efficacy by the FDA in the United States...
April 16, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657426/status-of-theileriosis-among-herbivores-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Masoud Soosaraei, Mousa Motavalli Haghi, Fariborz Etemadifar, Mahdi Fakhar, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Shabnam Asfaram
Aim: Theileriosis is a protozoal disease caused by Theileria spp. mostly in warm-blooded vertebrates worldwide. It is one of the common tick-borne diseases among domestic animals in tropical and sub-tropical regions, which have a variety of unlikable effects on health economy and animal welfare. In the present study, the prevalence of theileriosis among domestic farm animals in Iran was systematically evaluated. Methods: To identify the related papers, 10 English and Persian databases, including PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Medical Subject Headings, Google Scholar, Magiran, Barakatns (formerly Iranmedex), Elm net, and Scientific Information Database, were appraised for articles published throughout 1999-2017...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656563/factors-affecting-publication-in-peer-reviewed-journals-of-abstracts-presented-from-2008-to-2012-acvo-meetings
#6
Ellison Bentley, Megan Koester, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Nadav Yair, Ron Ofri
PURPOSE: To examine variables that affect publication of ACVO meeting abstracts in peer-reviewed journals and compare results to ECVO publication rate (PR). METHODS: Published papers were identified via online searches for abstracts from 2008 to 2012 ACVO/ECVO meetings. Variables analyzed (via Pearson's chi-Squared test) included the following: oral presentation/poster, type of abstract (clinical/basic science/case report), species, ocular tissue, nationality, funding, first/last/any author a diplomate, resident as first author, and author affiliation (private practice/university)...
April 14, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643217/human-animal-and-environmental-contributors-to-antibiotic-resistance-in-low-resource-settings-integrating-behavioural-epidemiological-and-one-health-approaches
#7
REVIEW
Emily K Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Mohammad Aminul Islam
Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognized as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans, animals and the environment in low-resource settings. This critical review seeks to identify the extent of One Health research on ABR in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Existing research has highlighted hotspots for environmental contamination; food-animal production systems that are likely to harbour reservoirs or promote transmission of ABR as well as high and increasing human rates of colonization with ABR commensal bacteria such as Escherichia coli However, very few studies have integrated all three components of the One Health spectrum to understand the dynamics of transmission and the prevalence of community-acquired resistance in humans and animals...
April 11, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628727/inositols-in-midlife
#8
Sanjay Kalra, Bharti Kalra
This review describes the mechanistic, animal, and clinical data related to the use of inositols in midlife. It covers studies related to the mechanism of action of myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol and randomized controlled trials conducted in postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome and supports these data with the results of in vitro and animal studies on inositol in nephropathy and other related conditions. Recent advances related to biochemistry, pharmaceutical science, and genetics are discussed. It concludes that inositols have a potential role to play in maintaining metabolic health in postmenopausal women...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626434/socio-economic-burden-of-parasitic-infections-in-yaks-from-1984-2017-on-qinghai-tibetan-plateau-of-china-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Kun Li, Muhammad Shahzad, Hui Zhang, Xiong Jiang, Khalid Mehmood, Xiaodong Zhao, Jiakui Li
Yak is an important animal for the Tibetans at Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China. The burden of parasitic diseases has been a major threat to the health of yaks at this region presenting a considerable socio-economic losses and impact to yak production and local nomads. Keeping in view, we collected the published papers from 1984 to 2017 on major parasitic infections in yaks by electronic literature search from five databases including CNKI, Google, PubMed, Science Direct and Web of Science. The prevalence of Eimeria, Babesia, Theileria, Hypodermosis, Cystic echinococcosis, Alveolar echinococcosis, Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Cryptosporidium, Giardia duodenalis, Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Toxocara vitulorum, and Fascioliasis infection in yaks was found to be 48...
April 4, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624711/lessons-learnt-on-the-analysis-of-large-sequence-data-in-animal-genomics
#10
REVIEW
F Biscarini, P Cozzi, P Orozco-Ter Wengel
The 'omics revolution has made a large amount of sequence data available to researchers and the industry. This has had a profound impact in the field of bioinformatics, stimulating unprecedented advancements in this discipline. Mostly, this is usually looked at from the perspective of human 'omics, in particular human genomics. Plant and animal genomics, however, have also been deeply influenced by next-generation sequencing technologies, with several genomics applications now popular among researchers and the breeding industry...
April 6, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624000/the-occurrence-of-dynamic-structural-disorders-in-the-pharynx-and-larynx-at-rest-and-during-exercise-in-horses-diagnosed-with-mild-and-moderate-equine-asthma-inflammatory-airway-disease
#11
B Wysocka, W Kluciński
The goal of the present study was to establish the occurrence of structural disorders in the larynx and pharynx during treadmill exercise tests in horses diagnosed with Equine Asthma (EA). Investigation was performed in 29 horses, patients of the Equine Clinic of the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, admitted with poor exercise performance. Upper and lower airway examinations were performed in all patients revealing both mild to moderate Equine Asthma (13 horses), and no lower airway abnormalities (16 animals)...
March 2018: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623027/preclinical-to-clinical-translation-of-studies-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#13
Gabriela G Regner, Patrícia Pereira, Douglas T Leffa, Carla de Oliveira, Rafael Vercelino, Felipe Fregni, Iraci L S Torres
Epilepsy is a chronic brain syndrome characterized by recurrent seizures resulting from excessive neuronal discharges. Despite the development of various new antiepileptic drugs, many patients are refractory to treatment and report side effects. Non-invasive methods of brain stimulation, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), have been tested as alternative approaches to directly modulate the excitability of epileptogenic neural circuits. Although some pilot and initial clinical studies have shown positive results, there is still uncertainty regarding the next steps of investigation in this field...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622397/the-route-and-timing-of-hydrogen-sulfide-therapy-critically-impacts-intestinal-recovery-following-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#14
Amanda R Jensen, Natalie A Drucker, Jan P Te Winkel, Michael J Ferkowicz, Troy A Markel
PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) has many beneficial properties and may serve as a novel treatment in patients suffering from intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). The purpose of this study was to examine the method of delivery and timing of administration of H2 S for intestinal therapy during ischemic injury. We hypothesized that 1) route of administration of hydrogen sulfide would impact intestinal recovery following acute mesenteric ischemia and 2) preischemic H2 S conditioning using the optimal mode of administration as determined above would provide superior protection compared to postischemic application...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618182/accuracy-of-imputation-of-microsatellite-markers-from-bovinesnp50-and-bovinehd-beadchip-in-hanwoo-population-of-korea
#15
Aditi Sharma, Jong-Eun Park, Byungho Park, Mi-Na Park, Seung-Hee Roh, Woo-Young Jung, Seung-Hwan Lee, Han-Ha Chai, Gul-Won Chang, Yong-Min Cho, Dajeong Lim
Until now microsatellite (MS) have been a popular choice of markers for parentage verification. Recently many countries have moved or are in process of moving from MS markers to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for parentage testing. FAO-ISAG has also come up with a panel of 200 SNPs to replace the use of MS markers in parentage verification. However, in many countries most of the animals were genotyped by MS markers till now and the sudden shift to SNP markers will render the data of those animals useless...
March 2018: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617158/effects-of-static-magnetic-fields-on-bone-microstructure-and-mechanical-properties-in-mice
#16
Jian Zhang, Xiaofeng Meng, Chong Ding, Peng Shang
All the living organisms originate, evolve and live under geomagnetic field (GMF, 20-70 µT). With rapid development in science and technology, exposure to various static magnetic fields (SMFs) from natural and man-made sources remains a public environmental topic in consideration of its probable health risk for humans. Many animal studies related to health effect have demonstrated that SMF could improve bone formation and enhance bone healing. Moreover, most of the studies focused on local SMF generated by rod-type magnet...
April 4, 2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616836/normal-tissue-damage-its-importance-history-and-challenges-for-the-future
#17
Jacqueline P Williams, Wayne Newhauser
Sir Oliver Scott, a philanthropist and radiation biologist and, therefore, the epitome of a gentleman and a scholar, was an early Director of the BECC Radiobiology Research Unit at Mount Vernon. His tenure preceded that of Jack Fowler, with both contributing to basic, translational and clinical thought and application in radiation across the globe. With respect to this review, Fowler's name in particular has remained synonymous with the use of models, both animal and mathematical, that assess and quantify the biological mechanisms that underlie radiation-associated normal tissue toxicities...
April 9, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616728/a-life-in-science-with-the-avian-embryo
#18
Nicole M Le Douarin
My career in research was a second thought. I first (during 8 years) worked as a secondary school teacher and after 4-5 years, during which my two daughters were born, I found a way to escape from what was to be a lifetime job. For two years, my initiation to research was limited to the free time left by my teaching duties. This period of time was a bit "complicated" but not enough to prevent me to realize that research was really what I wanted to do for the rest of my life… And this was when I became acquainted with the chick embryo...
2018: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616289/-transmission-pathways-for-resistant-bacteria-between-animals-and-humans-antibiotics-resistance-in-the-one-health-context
#19
REVIEW
Bernd-Alois Tenhagen, Nicole Werner, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Lothar Kreienbrock
People and animals share the same environment and antibiotics are used in both. Thus, antibiotics resistance is a major common issue for human and veterinary medicine. The potential impact of antibiotics use in animals on resistance in humans is frequently the focus of debate. In this paper the transmission pathways of resistant bacteria between animals and humans are described and the question is addressed whether a reduction in antibiotics use in animals contributes to the improvement of the resistance situation in humans...
April 3, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614334/safety-pharmacology-in-and-for-africa-establishment-of-the-pre-clinical-drug-development-platform
#20
REVIEW
Brian D Guth, Anne Grobler
Southern Africa (South Africa as well as neighboring countries) has not had an infrastructure for testing the safety of new drugs or other therapeutic entities, including plant-based or herbal treatments coming from the indigenous cultures, according to the current practice and regulatory requirements. Simultaneously, Southern Africa is challenged by very high rates of immune deficiency diseases which have further led to the resurgence of diseases such as tuberculosis, which is commonly thought to be eradicated, at least in Western cultures...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
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