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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765349/the-influence-of-parental-control-and-parent-child-relational-qualities-on-adolescent-internet-addiction-a-3-year-longitudinal-study-in-hong-kong
#1
Daniel T L Shek, Xiaoqin Zhu, Cecilia M S Ma
This study investigated how parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities predicted the initial level and rate of change in adolescent internet addiction (IA) across the junior high school years. The study also investigated the concurrent and longitudinal effects of different parenting factors on adolescent IA. Starting from the 2009/2010 academic year, 3,328 Grade 7 students ( M age = 12.59 ± 0.74 years) from 28 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong responded on a yearly basis to a questionnaire measuring multiple constructs including socio-demographic characteristics, perceived parenting characteristics, and IA...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755063/marx-and-the-kabbalah-aaron-shemuel-lieberman-s-materialist-interpretation-of-jewish-history
#2
Eliyahu Stern
This essay addresses the reception of Karl Marx's writings among Russian Jewish revolutionaries in the 1870s. It explores the way Aaron Shemuel Lieberman (1843-1880), known as "the father of Jewish socialism," interpreted Marx through a kabbalistic prism. It argues that Jews were attracted to Marx in part because of the overlaps between historical materialism and certain strands of the kabbalistic tradition. It also sheds light on the early reception of Marx and the way his theory of revolution was reinterpreted to reflect the unique socio-economic conditions of the Russian Empire...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689317/negative-parental-attribution-and-emotional-dysregulation-in-chinese-early-adolescents-harsh-fathering-and-harsh-mothering-as-potential-mediators
#3
Mingzhong Wang, Jing Wang
The current study examined the potential mediating roles of harsh fathering and harsh mothering in the association between negative parental attribution and emotional dysregulation in Chinese adolescents and explored the moderating role of child gender on this indirect association. 864 students (367 girls, mean age = 13.55 years) with their parents were recruited as participants from two middle schools in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China. The results demonstrated that both harsh fathering and harsh mothering could partially mediate the association between negative maternal attribution and child emotional dysregulation, whereas only harsh fathering could partially mediate the association between negative paternal attribution and child emotional dysregulation...
April 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615697/fathers-eye-colour-sways-daughters-choice-of-both-long-and-short-term-partners
#4
Paola Bressan, Valeria Damian
In several species, mate choice is influenced by parental features through sexual imprinting, but in humans evidence is scarce and open to alternative explanations. We examined whether daughters' preference for mates with light vs dark eyes is affected by the eye colour of parents. In an online study, over one thousand women rated the attractiveness of men as potential partners for either a long- or a short-term relationship. Each male face was shown twice, with light (blue or green) and with dark (brown or dark brown) eyes...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609724/did-ren%C3%A3-descartes-have-exploding-head-syndrome
#5
Abidemi Idowu Otaiku
René Descartes (1596-1650), "the Father of Modern Philosophy" and advocate of mind-body dualism, had three successive dreams on November 10, 1619 that changed the trajectory of his life and the trajectory of human thought. Descartes' influential dreams have been of interest to a number of commentators including the famous neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Descartes' second dream in particular, in which he heard a loud noise in his head before seeing a bright flash of light upon awakening, has been discussed extensively...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600389/a-novel-frameshift-variant-in-the-cadasil-gene-notch3-pathogenic-or-not
#6
V Schubert, B Bender, M Kinzel, N Peters, T Freilinger
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) represents the most common monogenic cause of adult-onset ischemic stroke and vascular dementia. It is caused by heterozygous missense mutations in the NOTCH3 gene, encoding a transmembrane receptor protein on vascular smooth muscle cells. Classical CADASIL mutations affect conserved cysteine residues of the Notch3 protein. By contrast, the role of non-canonical genetic variation in NOTCH3, in particular of variants causing a hypomorphic Notch3 protein, is subject to an ongoing scientific debate...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567492/paternal-cocaine-disrupts-offspring-circadian-clock-function-in-a-sex-dependent-manner-in-mice
#7
Alexandra M Yaw, Robert W Woodruff, Rebecca A Prosser, J David Glass
The present study is the first to explore the multigenerational effects of mammalian paternal cocaine intake on offspring (F1) circadian clock regulation. Parental cocaine use poses significant health risks to the offspring, through both maternal and paternal drug influences. With respect to the latter, recent evidence suggests that a paternal mode of cocaine inheritance involves epigenetic germ line actions that can ultimately disrupt offspring behavior. Based on our previous report in mice that free-running circadian period (tau) is chronically lengthened following withdrawal from long-term cocaine treatment, the present study was undertaken to explore potential epigenetic effects of paternal exposure to cocaine over the ∼40-day murine spermatogenic cycle on F1 circadian regulatory functions...
May 21, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535668/attachment-social-value-orientation-sensation-seeking-and-bullying-in-early-adolescence
#8
Marco Innamorati, Laura Parolin, Angela Tagini, Alessandra Santona, Andrea Bosco, Pietro De Carli, Giovanni L Palmisano, Filippo Pergola, Diego Sarracino
In this study, bullying is examined in light of the "prosocial security hypothesis"- i.e., the hypothesis that insecure attachment, with temperamental dispositions such as sensation seeking, may foster individualistic, competitive value orientations and problem behaviors. A group of 375 Italian students (53% female; Mean age = 12.58, SD = 1.08) completed anonymous questionnaires regarding attachment security, social values, sensation seeking, and bullying behaviors. Path analysis showed that attachment to mother was negatively associated with bullying of others, both directly and through the mediating role of conservative socially oriented values, while attachment to father was directly associated with victimization...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477955/preconception-and-prenatal-urinary-concentrations-of-phenols-and-birth-size-of-singleton-infants-born-to-mothers-and-fathers-from-the-environment-and-reproductive-health-earth-study
#9
Carmen Messerlian, Vicente Mustieles, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Jennifer B Ford, Antonia M Calafat, Irene Souter, Paige L Williams, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Although pregnancy concentrations of some phenols have been associated with infant size at birth, there is limited data on the effect of preconception exposure. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine paternal and maternal preconception and maternal prenatal urinary phenol concentrations in relation to birth weight and head circumference. METHODS: We evaluated 346 singletons born to 346 mothers and 184 fathers (184 couples) from a prospective preconception cohort of subfertile couples from the Environment and Reproductive Health (EARTH) Study in Boston, USA...
May 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460216/methodological-considerations-in-couples-fertility-intentions-missing-men-and-the-viability-of-women-s-proxy-reports
#10
J Bart Stykes
Introduction Recent efforts show potential to advance research on unintended childbearing by taking a couple-level approach. However, this work has neither adequately addressed methodological concerns stemming from the challenges associated with male fertility data nor considered the viability of women's proxy reports of fathers intentions. Methods Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) were used to assess the implications of low response rates among men on couples' unintended childbearing...
February 19, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435223/polygyny-does-not-explain-the-superior-competitive-ability-of-dominant-ant-associates-in-the-african-ant-plant-acacia-vachellia-drepanolobium
#11
John H Boyle, Dino J Martins, Julianne Pelaez, Paul M Musili, Staline Kibet, S Kimani Ndung'u, David Kenfack, Naomi E Pierce
The Acacia drepanolobium (also known as Vachellia drepanolobium ) ant-plant symbiosis is considered a classic case of species coexistence, in which four species of tree-defending ants compete for nesting space in a single host tree species. Coexistence in this system has been explained by trade-offs in the ability of the ant associates to compete with each other for occupied trees versus the ability to colonize unoccupied trees. We seek to understand the proximal reasons for how and why the ant species vary in competitive or colonizing abilities, which are largely unknown...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405817/philipp-bozzini-1773-1809-the-earliest-description-of-endoscopy
#12
Daryl Ramai, Karl Zakhia, Denzil Etienne, Madhavi Reddy
The widespread use of endoscopy in today's clinical arena underscores its utility and growing significance within the field of medicine. Primitive forms of endoscopy have existed for hundreds of years, but it was not until the early 19th century that Dr Philipp Bozzini invented an endoscope that would form the basis of modern endoscopy. Born into an influential Italian family, Bozzini practiced medicine in a time and place of conflict and political unrest. His passion, ingenuity, and important social connections allowed him to create and introduce to the medical profession the Lichtleiter (light-conductor), which overcame two key issues plaguing endoscopy: inadequate lighting and poor penetration...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276319/see-me-through-my-eyes-adolescent-parent-agreement-in-personality-predicts-later-self-esteem-development
#13
Ziyan Luan, Astrid M G Poorthuis, Roos Hutteman, Jens B Asendorpf, Jaap J A Denissen, Marcel A G van Aken
Achieving a clear view of one's personality is a challenging but crucial developmental task during adolescence, which has enduring influences. This task might be harder if significant others see individuals differently from how the adolescents see themselves. Supporting this, the looking-glass-self theory suggests that significant others constitute a social mirror into which the individual gazes to form his/her self-view. The present study was the first to longitudinally examine whether self-other agreement in personality during adolescence (i...
January 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#14
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151045/the-physical-and-mental-health-problems-of-refugee-and-migrant-fathers-findings-from-an-australian-population-based-study-of-children-and-their-families
#15
Rebecca Giallo, Elisha Riggs, Claire Lynch, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jane Yelland, Josef Szwarc, Philippa Duell-Piening, Lauren Tyrell, Sue Casey, Stephanie Janne Brown
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report on the physical and mental health of migrant and refugee fathers participating in a population-based study of Australian children and their families. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey data drawn from a population-based longitudinal study when children were aged 4-5 years. SETTING: Population-based study of Australian children and their families. PARTICIPANTS: 8137 fathers participated in the study when their children were aged 4-5 years...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148404/other-autoinflammatory-disease-genes-in-an-fmf-prevalent-population-a-homozygous-mvk-mutation-and-a-novel-heterozygous-tnfrsf1a-mutation-in-two-different-turkish-families-with-clinical-fmf
#16
İlker Karacan, Serdal Uğurlu, Aslıhan Tolun, Eda Tahir Turanlı, Huri Ozdogan
OBJECTIVES: No MEFV mutations are detected in approximately 10% of the patients with clinical FMF in populations where the disease is highly prevalent. Causative mutations were searched in other genes in two such families with "MEFV negative clinical FMF". METHODS: Father and daughter of family A had attacks of fever, abdominal pain and AA amyloidosis. The two sibs of family B complained of febrile episodes with abdominal pain and arthritis. The patients were clinically investigated...
November 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148066/predicting-the-use-of-corporal-punishment-child-aggression-parent-religiosity-and-the-bdnf-gene
#17
Reut Avinun, Maayan Davidov, David Mankuta, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126079/self-control-parenting-and-problem-behavior-in-early-childhood-a-multi-method-multi-informant-study
#18
Dionne L van Prooijen, Roos Hutteman, Hanna Mulder, Marcel A G van Aken, Odilia M Laceulle
BACKGROUND: Early childhood self-control and parenting are suggested to play key roles in the development of child problem behavior. The current study aims to 1) replicate earlier work by examining the unique and combined effects of child self-control and parenting on child problem behavior and 2) extend earlier work by including both mother and father reports. METHODS: Data were used from 107 Dutch families: mothers, fathers, and their two-year old child. Child self-control was measured using both father's and mother's reports of effortful control and with an observed behavioral task (i...
November 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018394/distress-levels-among-parents-of-active-duty-soldiers-during-wartime
#19
Shahar Bitton, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, Sara Freedman
Objective: Military service is a highly stressful period both for the soldiers serving and for their parents. Surprisingly, parents' experience has been mostly ignored in the research. This study's goal is to shed light on the experience and distress levels of parents of active duty combat soldiers during Operation Protective Edge, a military operation carried out by the Israel Defense Forces during July and August of 2014. Methods: During the advanced stages of the operation, 69 parents of Israeli male combat soldiers (55 mothers and 14 fathers) completed an online survey measuring symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD-Checklist-5) and distress (Brief Symptom Inventory-18)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989266/measuring-anxiety-in-children-the-importance-of-separate-mother-and-father-reports
#20
Mélou Jansen, Denise H M Bodden, Peter Muris, Marleen van Doorn, Isabela Granic
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that it is important to use parental reports when assessing children's anxiety, but it remains unclear to what extent there are differences between mothers' and fathers' scores and whether these potential differences have any repercussions for the psychometric properties of the scale being used. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate parental differences on the Parent version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders-Revised (SCARED-RP), a rating scale for measuring child anxiety symptoms...
2017: Child & Youth Care Forum
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