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Ying Li, Chao Sun, Jiujie Kuang, Changchun Ji, Shangsheng Feng, Jiangtao Wu, Haojun You
OBJECTIVE: Moxibustion therapy achieves satisfactory therapeutic effects largely depending on the heat stimulation of burning moxa. Understanding the thermal characteristics of heating process is an effective way to reveal the underlying mechanisms of moxibustion therapy. METHODS: This paper performs experimental study on temperature distributions of burning moxa sticks and fresh in-vitro porcine abdominal tissue using an infrared camera and thermocouples. Meanwhile, a moxibustion model incorporating moxa stick burning model and tissue heat transfer model was established with consideration of radiation propagation and water evaporation...
June 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Chunhui Bao, Jingzhi Zhang, Jinmei Liu, Huirong Liu, Luyi Wu, Yin Shi, Jing Li, Zhihai Hu, Yongzheng Dong, Siyao Wang, Xiaoqing Zeng, Huangan Wu
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a worldwide disease with high morbidity. The effect of current treatment with Western medicine is not satisfactory. Although moxibustion treatment is widely used for gastrointestinal diseases, randomized controlled trials on the use of this treatment for IBS are limited. This study aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of moxibustion treatment in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). METHODS/DESIGN: A multi-center, randomized, single-blind and placebo-controlled trial is employed...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Xiao-Jing Song, Shu-You Wang, Yin-Long Li, Dong Zhang
The objective of this study was to investigate the spectra characteristics (SC) at wavelengths of 400~1000 nm and 2.5~15.5 μm of pure moxa stick (MS) during its 25-minute burning process using new spectral imaging techniques. Spectral images were collected for the burning pure MS at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 min using hyperspectral imaging (HSI) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) for the first time. The results showed that, at wavelengths of 400~1000 nm, the spectral range of the cross section of MS burning was 750~980 nm; the peak position was 860 nm...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Beverley de Valois, Anthea Asprey, Teresa Young
Background. Lymphoedema, a distressing consequence of cancer treatment, has significant negative impact on health-related quality of life. Multidisciplinary approaches are needed to improve physical and psychosocial wellbeing. Acupuncture and moxibustion (acu/moxa), two modalities of traditional East Asian medicine, may contribute to improved outcomes for cancer survivors with lymphoedema. Aim. To explore how patients with lymphoedema secondary to cancer treatment perceive and experience acu/moxa treatment...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
O Sang Kwon, Seong Jin Cho, Kwang-Ho Choi, Sun Hee Yeon, Suk-Yun Kang, Jae-Hyo Kim, Seong-Hun Ahn, Yeonhee Ryu
BACKGROUND: Moxibustion therapy has been used historically for thousands of years and there are many clinical trials supporting its efficacy and effectiveness for various conditions. Moxa smoke has been a major reason for avoiding moxibustion due to its smell and potential risks to the human body. METHODS: 10 units of commercial indirect moxa (CIM) from six manufacturers (A-F) were burnt in a 2.5×2.5×2.5 m chamber without ventilation, and concentrations of carbon oxides (CO and CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the indoor air samples were measured...
April 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Li Han, Hai Hu, Jia Yang, Hua Bai, Lei Wang, Juntian Liu, Chang Huang, Yaomeng Liu, Lue Ha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether inhalable particulate matters can cause the damage of chromosome or mitotic apparatus to produce micronucleus, and to evaluate genetic toxicology of moxa smoke on chromosome. METHODS: By MTT method, the 24 h half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of moxa smoke condensation (MSC) on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was 0.087 mg/mL. CHO cells, which were cultured in vitro, were divided into a solvent control group, a positive control group (cyclophosphamide as solvent), a low concentration group, a moderate concentration group and a high concentration group...
May 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Li Peng, Yadong Wang, Xiaorong Chang, Huangan Wu, Mi Liu, Hong Wang, Jiaolong Chen, Wang Chao, Renfu Quan, Zongbao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxa-burning heat stimulating acupoints of Liangmen (ST 21) and Zusanli (ST 36) on the proliferation and apoptosis signaling proteins in rats with stress-induced gastric ulcer. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly divided into four groups: negative control (NC), ulcer control (UC), acupoints of stomach meridian (ASM), and acupoints control (AC). The acute gastric ulcer model was established by bound and water immersion. Rats in NC and UC groups didn't receive any moxa-burning heat stimulating treatment, while rats in ASM and AC groups were treated with buringmoxa heat stimulating the acupoints of Liangmen (ST 21) and Zusanli (ST 36) and their controlled points, respectively...
June 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Yahong Cai, Yuhong Wu, Fuying Ye
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy between moxa salt packets at acupoints combined with tropisetron hydrochloride and single use of tropisetron hydrochloride for cisplatin chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal reaction. METHODS: Sixty patients with malignant tumor who met inclusive criteria and received chemotherapy for the first time were recruited and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Between the first days and fifth day into the chemotherapy, the patients in the control group were treated with daily intravenous injection of tropisetron hydrochloride (5 mg), while patients in the observation group, based on the treatment of control group, were treated with moxa salt packets at Zhongwan (CV 12)...
April 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Mengxue Zhang, Ling Guan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact on neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the quality of life (QOL) in the patients of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with wheat-size moxibustion therapy. METHODS: Seventy patients of NSCLC were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each one. Finally, 33 cases were participated in the observation group and 32 cases in the control group for statistical analysis. In the observation group, Zusanli (ST 36) and Feishu (BL 13) were selected for grain-size moxibustion, 9 moxa cones on each acupoint, once a day...
April 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Chung-Yen Lu, Sy-Yuan Kang, Shu-Hui Liu, Cheng-Wei Mai, Chao-Heng Tseng
Indoor air quality (IAQ) control of hospitals plays a critical role in protecting both hospital staffs and patients, particularly those who are highly susceptible to the adverse effects of indoor noxious hazards. However, moxibustion in outpatient departments (OPDs) of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) may be a source of indoor air pollution in hospitals. Some studies have investigated indoor air pollution during moxibustion in Chinese medicine clinics (CMCs) and moxibustion rooms, demonstrating elevated air pollutants that pose a threat to the health of medical staff and patients...
June 20, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Younghee Yun, Sangho Shin, Kyu Seok Kim, Seong-Gyu Ko, Inhwa Choi
Moxibustion is a treatment that uses thermal stimulation generated when herbal materials are burned, indirectly or directly, on the affected area or acupoint. Three cases are presented to report the efficacy of direct moxibustion on cutaneous warts. Three patients with chronic cutaneous warts received direct moxibustion made of Artemisia argyi (Dongbang Inc., Chungnam, Korea). Moxa burning was performed using moxa cones. Approximately 80% of a cone was burned, until patients reported feeling a burning sensation, at which time the cone was removed and another one burned...
July 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Liang-yi Xiao, Wei-ai Liu, Qing-ming Wu, Ling-yan Wang, Kui-ming Zhou, Hai-min Ye, Lei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of herbal cake-separated moxibustion on the contents of 5-hydroxy tryptamine (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) in the hypothalamus in rats with functional dyspepsia (FD) of syndrome of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of FD. METHODS: Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: control, model, herbal cake-separated moxibustion, moxa-cone moxibustion, Xiaoyaosan (decoction for relieving liver stagnation) and Domperidon, with 10 rats in each group...
February 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Pauline Sidoli, Laurent Lassabatere, Rafael Angulo-Jaramillo, Nicole Baran
The transport of pesticides to groundwater is assumed to be impacted by flow processes and geochemical interactions occurring in the vadose zone. In this study, the transport of S-metolachlor (SMOC) and its two metabolites ESA-metolachlor (MESA) and OXA-metolachlor (MOXA) in vadose zone materials of a glaciofluvial aquifer is studied at laboratory scale. Column experiments are used to study the leaching of a conservative tracer (bromide) and SMOC, MESA and MOXA under unsaturated conditions in two lithofacies, a bimodal gravel (Gcm,b) and a sand (S-x)...
July 2016: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Martin Kobe, Thomas Jahr, Wolfgang Pöschel, Nina Kukowski
In summer 2011, two new laser strainmeters about 26.6 m long were installed in N-S and E-W directions parallel to an existing quartz tube strainmeter system at the Geodynamic Observatory Moxa, Thuringia/Germany. This kind of installation is unique in the world and allows the direct comparison of measurements of horizontal length changes with different types of strainmeters for the first time. For the comparison of both data sets, we used the tidal analysis over three years, the strain signals resulting from drilling a shallow 100 m deep borehole on the ground of the observatory and long-period signals...
March 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Songming He, Lijun Li, Juying Hu, Qiaoli Chen, Weiqun Shu
BACKGROUND: Cerebral white matter lesion (WML) is a pathological change of the white matter which is considered an early sign of brain impairment in elderly individuals, so it is reasonable to administer early dementia prevention programs to individuals with WML.Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has developed several approaches to prevent or delay the onset of dementia that have, as yet, not been formally tested. AIM: Evaluate the effects of a 6-month TCM intervention for elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment and WML...
October 2015: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
C Yao, Y Xu, L Chen, H Jiang, C S Ki, J S Byun, W Bian
BACKGROUND: Effective treatment for breast cancer-related chronic lymphedema (bcrl) remains a clinical challenge. Acupuncture and moxibustion treatments have been shown to be beneficial and safe for treating bcrl. In the present randomized controlled trial, we compared the effectiveness of combined acupuncture and moxibustion ("warm acupuncture") with that of diosmin in bcrl. METHODS: Breast cancer patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria (n = 30) were randomized to experimental and control groups (15 per group)...
February 2016: Current Oncology
Shiying Zhang, Wanchun Wang, Li Zou, Zhangren Yan, Yanrong Cai, Fangguo Lu
Under the guidance of meridian theory, the acupoints heat-sensitive moxibustion is a treatment method which applies moxa stick to perform mild moxibustion at heat-sensitive acupoints, which can arouse the meridian sensation transmission and promote the movement of meridian qi; consequently, the qi can be extended to the diseases. For its many advantages, such as no direct contact on skin, no injuries, no pains, fewer side effects, easy operating and moderate cost, the acupoints heat-sensitive moxibustion is widely accepted in dermatology, male urology disease, rectum and anus diseases and breast diseases...
January 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Xiaoning Zhang, Xin Guo, Baoluo Yu, Na Zhang, Yuxia Ma
In order to improve the clinical efficacy of the umbilicus fumigation method, the ancient literature with the heat control of umbilicus fumigation method involved is collected extensively and analyzed systematically, and the heat control, precautions and contraindications of this method are discussed. In association with the cases and the present clinical experience, the main factors to the heat control are introduced, such as preparation of doughnuts, filling quantity, size of moxa cone and numbers of moxa cones so that the clinical application of the umbilicus fumigation method can be promoted and enhanced...
January 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Yulei Liang, Weihua Li, Xiaokang Xu, Chenguang Ding, Ling Tian, Jiaqiang Duan, Zhifang Zhang, Lihong Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects between mild moxibustion and specific electromagnetic spectrum therapy apparatus (TDP) for obsolete collateral ligament injury of interphalangeal joints. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly divided into a mild moxibustion group and a TDP group, 30 cases in each one. In the mild moxibustion group, pure moxa sticks were used at the affected digital joints locally for 20-30 min a time. In the TDP group, TDP was applied at the affected digital joints locally for 20-30 min a time...
January 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jidong Lu, Song Wu, Fengxia Liang, Jianmin Liu, Shuxia Yang, Lushan Wang, Huanjiao Zhou, Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects between ginger-partition moxibustion combined with glucocorticoid and simple oral glucocorticoid for thyreoitis at subacute stage. METHODS: Eighty-one patients were randomly divided into an observation group (41 cases) and a control group (40 cases). In the observation group, ginger-partition moxibustion and hormone were applied. Moxa cones were used at local ashi points, Zusanli (ST 36), Guanyuan (CV 4) and Qihai (CV 6), six cones every point, once every other day and three times a week...
January 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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