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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785891/performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-steers-fed-with-two-levels-of-metabolizable-energy-intake-during-summer-and-winter-season
#1
R A Arias, J P Keim, M Gandarillas, A Velásquez, C Alvarado-Gilis, T L Mader
Climate change is producing an increase on extreme weather events around the world such as flooding, drought and extreme ambient temperatures impacting animal production and animal welfare. At present, there is a lack of studies addressing the effects of climatic conditions associated with energy intake in finishing cattle in South American feed yards. Therefore, two experiments were conducted to assess the effects of environmental variables and level of metabolizable energy intake above maintenance requirements (MEI) on performance and carcass quality of steers...
May 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785395/the-relationship-between-nafld-and-sarcopenia-in-elderly-patients
#2
Yu Zhai, Qian Xiao, Jing Miao
Aim: Previous studies have shown that individuals with low muscle mass exhibit an increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this study, we investigated the association between NAFLD and sarcopenia in elderly patients. Methods: We classified the participants into sarcopenia/nonsarcopenia groups based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), muscle strength (grip strength), or/and physical performance (6 m usual gait speed). We diagnosed NAFLD by ultrasonography combined with the history of alcohol intake...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784788/mistimed-food-intake-and-sleep-alters-24-hour-time-of-day-patterns-of-the-human-plasma-proteome
#3
Christopher M Depner, Edward L Melanson, Andrew W McHill, Kenneth P Wright
Proteomics holds great promise for understanding human physiology, developing health biomarkers, and precision medicine. However, how much the plasma proteome varies with time of day and is regulated by the master circadian suprachiasmatic nucleus brain clock, assessed here by the melatonin rhythm, is largely unknown. Here, we assessed 24-h time-of-day patterns of human plasma proteins in six healthy men during daytime food intake and nighttime sleep in phase with the endogenous circadian clock (i.e., circadian alignment) versus daytime sleep and nighttime food intake out of phase with the endogenous circadian clock (i...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783951/the-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-responses-of-daphnia-pulex-to-changes-in-temperature-and-food-supply-comprise-environment-specific-and-clone-specific-elements
#4
Dörthe Becker, Yann Reydelet, Jacqueline A Lopez, Craig Jackson, John K Colbourne, Susan Hawat, Michael Hippler, Bettina Zeis, Rüdiger J Paul
BACKGROUND: Regulatory adjustments to acute and chronic temperature changes are highly important for aquatic ectotherms because temperature affects their metabolic rate as well as the already low oxygen concentration in water, which can upset their energy balance. This also applies to severe changes in food supply. Thus, we studied on a molecular level (transcriptomics and/or proteomics) the immediate responses to heat stress and starvation and the acclimation to different temperatures in two clonal isolates of the model microcrustacean Daphnia pulex from more or less stressful environments, which showed a higher (clone M) or lower (clone G) tolerance to heat and starvation...
May 21, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783628/is-3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate-cmpf-a-clinically-relevant-uremic-toxin-in-haemodialysis-patients
#5
Mathilde Luce, Anais Bouchara, Myriam Pastural, Samuel Granjon, Jean Christophe Szelag, Maurice Laville, Walid Arkouche, Denis Fouque, Christophe O Soulage, Laetitia Koppe
3-Carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate (CMPF) is a metabolite of furan fatty acid and a marker of fish oil intake. CMPF is described as a protein-bound uremic toxin and interacts with free oxygen radicals, which can induce cell damages. However, the clinical consequences of CMPF accumulation in haemodialysis patients remain poorly documented. The aims of this study are to investigate potential association between CMPF levels and (i) biochemical and nutritional parameters; (ii) cardiovascular events and (iii) mortality...
May 18, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780808/real-time-observations-of-food-and-fluid-timing-during-a-120-km-ultramarathon
#6
Floris C Wardenaar, Daan Hoogervorst, Joline J Versteegen, Nancy van der Burg, Karin J Lambrechtse, Coen C W G Bongers
The aim of the present case study was to use real-time observations to investigate ultramarathon runners' timing of food and fluid intake per 15 km and per hour, and total bodyweight loss due to dehydration. The study included 5 male ultramarathon runners observed during a 120 km race. The research team members followed on a bicycle and continuously observed their dietary intake using action cameras. Hourly carbohydrate intake ranged between 22.1 and 62.6 g/h, and fluid intake varied between 260 and 603 mL/h...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780230/evaluation-of-bone-health-among-epileptic-patients-using-biochemical-markers-and-dexa-scan-an-egyptian-study
#7
Ebtesam Mohamed Fahmy, Laila Ahmed Rashed, Rania Shehata Ismail, Hanan Helmy, Doaa Atef Mekkawy
Background: An association between antiepileptic drugs, low bone mineral density (BMD), fractures, and abnormalities in bone metabolism has been suggested for a longer period, although conclusive evidence has not been reported. Methods: Thirty epileptic patients and 30 matched healthy subjects participated in the study. Measurements of serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, parathormone, and alkaline phosphatase were done for included subjects. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan was also performed...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779821/clinical-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-whey-protein-isolates-supplementation-in-malnourished-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-multicenter-parallel-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sharmela Sahathevan, Chee-Hee Se, SeeHoe Ng, Ban-Hock Khor, Karuthan Chinna, Bak Leong Goh, Halim A Gafor, Sunita Bavanandan, Ghazali Ahmad, Tilakavati Karupaiah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Poor dietary intake is commonly associated with malnutrition in the dialysis population and oral nutritional supplementation is strategized to redress dietary inadequacy. Knowledge on clinical efficacy of whey protein supplementation (WPS) as an option to treat malnutrition in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is limited. METHODS: This multicenter, parallel, open-label, randomized controlled trial investigated the clinical efficacy of WPS in 126 malnourished CAPD patients with serum albumin <40 g/L and body mass index (BMI) <24 kg/m2 ...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779815/use-of-standard-enteral-formula-versus-enteric-formula-with-prebiotic-content-in-nutrition-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-among-neuro-critical-care-patients
#9
Piril Tuncay, Fatma Arpaci, Mutlu Doganay, Deniz Erdem, Arzu Sahna, Hulya Ergun, Dilek Atabey
OBJECTIVE: To compare use of standard enteral formula versus enteric formula with prebiotic content in terms of nutrition therapy related outcomes among neurocritical care patients. METHODS: A total of 46 adult neurocritical care patients who received nutrition therapy with standard enteral formula (SEF group; n = 23) or enteral formula with prebiotic content (EFPC group; n = 23) during their hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU) were included in this prospective randomized controlled study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779807/acceptance-of-texture-modified-in-between-meals-among-old-adults-with-dysphagia
#10
S L Okkels, M Saxosen, S Bügel, A Olsen, T W Klausen, A M Beck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Old adults suffering from dysphagia have difficulties swallowing, chewing and/or eating, and are therefore at high risk of undernutrition. In-between-meals that are texture modified are of particular importance for people suffering from dysphagia. To meet their adequate daily amount of food intake they are recommended to eat 3-5 in-between-meals daily. The aim of the current pilot study was to identify the most liked in-between-meals for old adults based on flavour and describe the basic sensory properties of these in-between-meals...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779507/examining-associations-between-school-food-environment-characteristics-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-canadian-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#11
Katelyn M Godin, Ashok Chaurasia, David Hammond, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between Canadian adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and several school food environment characteristics, and to investigate differences in these characteristics between schools in provinces with voluntary (Alberta) v. mandatory (Ontario) provincial school nutrition policies. DESIGN: We used a questionnaire to assess the number of weekdays participants consumed three SSB categories (soft drinks, sweetened coffees/teas, energy drinks) and various sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779504/association-of-dietary-patterns-of-american-adults-with-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture
#12
Mohsen Mazidi, Andre Pascal Kengne, Hassan Vatanparast
OBJECTIVE: In a representative sample of US adults, we investigated the associations of nutrient patterns (NP) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US community-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: Participants with measured data on dietary intake and BMD from 2005 to 2010 were included. Principal components analysis was used to identify NP...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779496/invited-review-improving-feed-efficiency-of-beef-cattle-the-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-challenges
#13
D A Kenny, C Fitzsimons, S M Waters, M McGee
Improvements in feed efficiency of beef cattle have the potential to increase producer profitability and simultaneously lower the environmental footprint of beef production. Although there are many different approaches to measuring feed efficiency, residual feed intake (RFI) has increasingly become the measure of choice. Defined as the difference between an animal's actual and predicted feed intake (based on weight and growth), RFI is conceptually independent of growth and body size. In addition, other measurable traits related to energy expenditure such as estimates of body composition can be included in the calculation of RFI to also force independence from these traits...
May 21, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#14
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#15
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779054/dietary-modifications-and-lipid-accumulation-product-are-associated-with-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressures-in-the-women-s-health-trial-feasibility-study-in-minority-populations
#16
REVIEW
Alok Bhargava
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately 65% of adults over 60 years in the USA are hypertensive. Poor dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles are fueling the hypertension epidemic. The effects of higher intakes of fruits and vegetables and whole-grain products on systolic and diastolic blood pressures were analyzed using data at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months on 349 and 573 subjects, respectively, in the control and intervention groups of the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778565/effect-of-intermittent-versus-continuous-energy-restriction-on-weight-loss-maintenance-and-cardiometabolic-risk-a-randomized-1-year-trial
#17
T M Sundfør, M Svendsen, S Tonstad
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-term adherence to conventional weight-loss diets is limited while intermittent fasting has risen in popularity. We compared the effects of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with abdominal obesity and ≥1 additional component of metabolic syndrome. METHODS & RESULTS: In total 112 participants (men [50%] and women [50%]) aged 21-70 years with BMI 30-45 kg/m2 (mean 35...
March 29, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778484/effect-of-grain-or-by-product-based-concentrate-fed-with-early-or-late-harvested-first-cut-grass-silage-on-dairy-cow-performance
#18
D Pang, T Yan, E Trevisi, S J Krizsan
This study compared the effects of a grain-based conventional concentrate (GC) and a concentrate based on agro-industrial by-products (BC), fed with grass silage harvested at early (ES) or late (LS) maturity stage, on dairy performance, CH4 and CO2 emissions, and metabolic status of dairy cows. Twenty lactating Nordic Red cows averaging 81 d in milk and 31.9 kg of milk/d pre-trial were assigned to a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Dietary treatments were in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. The silages were harvested 2 wk apart from the same primary growth grass ley...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777369/adherence-to-special-diets-and-its-association-with-meeting-the-nutrient-recommendations-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
A J Ahola, C Forsblom, Per-Henrik Groop
AIMS: Not much is known about adherence to special diets in type 1 diabetes, characteristics of individuals with special diets, and whether such practices should raise concerns with respect to meeting the dietary recommendations. In this study, we assessed the frequencies of adherence to special diets, in a population of individuals with type 1 diabetes, and investigated the association between special diet adherence and dietary intake, measured as dietary patterns and nutrient intakes...
May 18, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777365/effects-of-replacing-rye-grass-lolium-spp-hay-by-banana-musa-acuminata-l-by-products-on-feed-intake-growth-and-feed-conversion-rate-of-canary-hair-sheep-breed-pelibuey-lambs
#20
M Barbera, J R Jaber, S Ahmed-Salek, A Ravelo-Garcia, E Rodríguez-Ponce, L Rey, M R Ventura
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of replacing rye-grass (Lolium spp.) hay with banana (Musa acuminata L.) by-products on feed intake, average daily gain (ADG), and feed conversion rate (FCR) in Pelibuey (hair sheep breed) lambs. The lambs (n = 22; initial BW = 14.8 ± 2.5 kg) were individually housed and fed on two different types of diet for 58 days: the first group (experimental diet) received as forage a mixture of fresh banana by-products composed of leaves and pseudostem...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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