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hematologic changes steroids

Pengyu Li, Jia Song, Xiaomin Ni, Qin Guo, Hui Wen, Qiuyun Zhou, Yuanna Shen, Yijun Huang, Pengxin Qiu, Suizhen Lin, Haiyan Hu
Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) has been widely used as an effective solubilizing agent in pharmaceutical industry for many years. However, the effect of degree of substitution (D.S.) of HP-β-CD on solubilizing capacity and toxicity has not been concerned. In this study, solubilizing capacity of HP-β-CDs with three different D.S. (4.55, 6.16 and 7.76) for 16 drugs were measured and their toxicities were compared by a 7-day i.v. administration (q.d.) study in rats. Generally, HP-β-CD with high D...
September 11, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Romeu Paulo Martins Silva, Rodrigo Otávio Dos Santos, Nelson Eurípedes Matildes, Antônio Vicente Mundim, Mario da Silva Garrote-Filho, Pâmella Ferreira Rodrigues, Nilson Penha-Silva
Objective: This study investigated the possible blood changes in wistar rats elderly with and without treatment with anabolic steroids submitted physical training. Materials and methods: Elderly rats (32) were divided into four groups: normal (N), treated normal (NT), diabetic (D) and treated diabetic (DT). They were submitted to 20 sessions of swimming with overload (5% body weight), 40 min/day for four weeks. The NT and DT groups received application of testosterone twice a week...
September 5, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Anniek D Masman, Dick Tibboel, Frans P M Baar, Monique van Dijk, Ron A A Mathot, Teun van Gelder
BACKGROUND: Pathophysiological changes at the end of life may affect pharmacokinetics of drugs. However, caregivers typically do not extensively monitor patients' laboratory parameters at the end of life. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe laboratory parameters of hospice patients in the week before death. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted on available laboratory results in the week before death, including clinical chemistry and hematology tests...
August 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Daška Štulhofer Buzina, Ivana Martinac, Daniela Ledić Drvar, Romana Čeović, Ivan Bilić, Branka Marinović
Dear Editor, Inhibition of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a new strategy in treatment of a variety of solid tumors, such as colorectal carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, and pancreatic cancer (1). Cetuximab is a chimeric human-murine monoclonal antibody against EGFR. Cutaneous side effects are the most common adverse reactions occurring during epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRI) therapy. Papulopustular rash (acne like rash) develop with 80-86% patients receiving cetuximab, while xerosis, eczema, fissures, teleangiectasiae, hyperpigmentations, and nail and hair changes occur less frequently (2)...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Makiko Hiragun, Takaaki Hiragun, Ikumi Oseto, Kazue Uchida, Yuhki Yanase, Akio Tanaka, Tomoka Okame, Shingo Ishikawa, Shoji Mihara, Michihiro Hide
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing eczematous skin disease. Certain populations of patients are resistant to standard therapies with topical steroids and/or calcineurin inhibitors, and require systemic medication, such as immunosuppressants. Recently, several reports have shed light on the anti-allergic effects of carotenoids. Therefore, we investigated the effect of p.o. administration of β-carotene or lycopene on AD-like symptoms of HR-1 hairless mice fed with a low zinc/magnesium diet. Mice were divided into four groups: (i) fed with a standard diet (Co group); (ii) low zinc/magnesium diet (HR group); (iii) low zinc/magnesium and β-carotene diet (HR-C group); and (iv) low zinc/magnesium and lycopene diet (HR-L group)...
March 19, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Mohammad Javad Fattahi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Asghar Agha Mohammadi, Noushin Rastkari, Reza Khorasani, Hossein Ahmadi, Farzaneh Tofighi Zavareh, Reza Sedaghat, Nakisa Tabrizian, Abbas Mirshafiey
CONTEXT: β-d-Mannuronic acid (M2000) has shown its therapeutic effects with the greatest tolerability and efficacy in various experimental models such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), adjuvant induced arthritis (AIA), nephrotic syndrome, and acute glomerulonephritis. Despite pharmacological effects of β-D-mannuronic acid, there have been no systematic toxicological studies on its safety so far. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to determine the acute and subchronic toxicity of β-D-mannuronic acid, an anti-inflammatory agent, in healthy male NMRI mice and Wistar rats, respectively...
2015: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Raja B Khan, Zsila S Sadighi, Jennifer Zabrowski, Amar Gajjar, Sima Jeha
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) requires presence of headache, seizures, impaired vision, or altered mentation accompanied by specific imaging findings. We aimed to study long-term clinical and radiologic outcome of PRES in children with cancer to augment limited available data. PROCEDURE: Retrospective review of children with cancer who were diagnosed with PRES. RESULTS: We identified PRES in 21 males and 16 females among 5,217 children treated during the study period...
March 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Zainab Naseem, Rasika Hendahewa, Muslim Mustaev, Gamini Premaratne
INTRODUCTION: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is predominantly an opportunistic infection in the immunocompromised patients. Though, there are few cases of CMV colitis being reported in the immunocompetent individuals, CMV enteritis is exceedingly rare and enteritis leading into small bowel ischemia has never been reported yet. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A-78-year-old male patient presented with distal small obstruction for 4 days duration. Clinical examination revealed a distended abdomen and localised peritonism in right iliac fossa...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Eyad Hamoudeh, Amer M Zeidan, Lisa Barbarotta, Nina Rosano
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and cancer are disorders of global importance. Multiple epidemiologic studies show that diabetic patients have an increased risk of developing cancer of different types. Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are among the most common hematologic malignancies and include a heterogeneous group of hematopoietic neoplasms characterized by dysplastic changes, low blood counts, and an increased risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Potential epigenetic and metabolic interferences between DM and MDS have been reported but are poorly understood...
2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
I M Chernukha, A N Bogatyrev, A S Dydykin, M A Aslanova, L V Fedulova
The effect of polypeptides isolated from cattle abomasum on regenerative processes of rat stomach upon simulating stomach mucosal damage caused by aspirin was studied. Experimental research was carried out on male Wistar rats with initial body weight of 230±20 g. The duration of the experiment was 22 days. The rats were divided into 4 equal groups (n=11). The first (control) group-consisted of the intact animals; animals from experimental groups 2-4 were intragastrically administered acetylsalicylic acid from the 1st to the 7th day for simulating stomach mucosal damage caused by aspirin (300 mg/100 g body weight)...
2014: Voprosy Pitaniia
Mark C Bicket, Krishnan Chakravarthy, David Chang, Steven P Cohen
Epidural steroid injections (ESIs), which can provide significant but temporary pain relief in well-selected patients, are the most commonly performed procedure in pain management. The anatomy of the epidural space provides a framework for understanding risks associated with ESIs, a topic relevant to both patients and physicians in interventional pain, surgery and primary care. Safety considerations of epidural steroids include drug preparation and myriad physiological effects stemming from steroid exposure...
2015: Pain Management
Silvana Peterini Boeira, Vinícius Rafael Funck, Carlos Borges Filho, Lucian Del'Fabbro, Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, Franciele Donato, Luiz Fernando Freire Royes, Mauro Schneider Oliveira, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse, Ana Flávia Furian
Male mice received lycopene for 10 days before a single oral administration of zearalenone (ZEA). After 48 h testes and blood were collected. Mice treated with lycopene/ZEA exhibited amelioration of the hematological changes. Lycopene prevented the reduction in the number and motility of spermatozoa and testosterone levels, indicating a protective effect in the testicular damage induced by ZEA. Lycopene was also effective in protecting against the decrease in glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase activities caused by ZEA in the testes...
March 25, 2015: Chemico-biological Interactions
Hoda Abdel-Hamid, Amal A I Mekawey
Silver nanoparticles (AgPNs) extracts were prepared from seven Seven fungal isolates were evaluated through measuring their toxicity against Biomphalaria alexandrina snails. The effects of the two promising Paecilomyces variotii and Aspergillus niger AgNPs sublethal concentrations (LC10 & LC25) on the levels of steroid sex hormones, liver enzymes, total protein, lipids, albumhin, glucose, total and differential count of hemocytes and morphology of hemocytes, oocytes and sperms were studied in this work. The short period of snails' exposure (24h) to the two fungal AgNPs resulted in significant decrease in the levels of progesterone in B...
December 2014: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Nicolò Compagno, Giacomo Malipiero, Francesco Cinetto, Carlo Agostini
Immunoglobulin (Ig) replacement therapy dramatically changed the clinical course of primary hypogammaglobulinemias, significantly reducing the incidence of infectious events. Over the last two decades its use has been extended to secondary antibody deficiencies, particularly those related to hematological disorders as lymphoproliferative diseases (LPDs) and multiple myeloma. In these malignancies, hypogammaglobulinemia can be an intrinsic aspect of the disease or follow chemo-immunotherapy regimens, including anti-CD20 treatment...
2014: Frontiers in Immunology
William Berger, John Karafilidis, Larry Gever, Nancy Ruiz
SESSION TITLE: Asthma Posters ISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Negative systemic effects (including HPA-axis suppression, cataract formation/glaucoma, and increased bone metabolism) have been seen with higher doses of inhaled steroids in adult patients. A 12-week trial performed with flunisolide HFA (Aerospan™; a new, small-particle inhaled steroid with a built-in spacer for asthma) included various assessments for potential systemic effects...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Claire A Simeone, Hendrik H Nollens, Jenny M Meegan, Todd L Schmitt, Eric D Jensen, Mark G Papich, Cynthia R Smith
The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Ten adult bottlenose dolphins were used for the study. Each animal received a single oral dose of meloxicam at 0.1 mg/kg. Two to seven serial blood samples were collected per animal, at one of fourteen time points between T = 0 and T = 240 hr. Complete blood count and serum chemistry analysis were performed prior to drug administration, as well as at the final time point for each individual...
September 2014: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Yu-Sen Huang, Chin-Chen Chang, Jyh-Ming Liou, Fu-Shan Jaw, Kao-Lang Liu
PURPOSE: To assess the safety, efficacy, clinical outcomes, and prognostic factors associated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage in hemodynamically unstable patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2012, 49 hemodynamically unstable patients (systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg and ongoing transfusion requirement) underwent emergency TAE with NBCA for nonvariceal upper GI bleeding and were included in the study...
December 2014: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Carla Pelusi, Antonietta Costantino, Valentina Martelli, Martina Lambertini, Alberto Bazzocchi, Federico Ponti, Giuseppe Battista, Stefano Venturoli, Maria C Meriggiola
INTRODUCTION: Gender dysphoria is characterized by a strong discomfort with the gender assigned at birth and the urge to live as a member of the opposite gender. The acquisition of phenotypic features of the desired gender requires the use of cross-sex hormones. Female-to-male (FtM) transsexual persons are treated with testosterone to induce virilization. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effects of three different testosterone formulations on body weight and composition and metabolic and bone parameters...
December 2014: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Johanna C Nissen, Margit Hummel, Joachim Brade, Jens Kruth, Wolf-Karsten Hofmann, Dieter Buchheidt, Mark Reinwald
BACKGROUND: Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against CD20, is approved for the treatment of CD20-positive B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and rheumatologic disorders. Due to its potent activity in depleting CD20-positive lymphocytes, the influence on opportunistic infections is still under discussion. Thus, we analyzed the impact of rituximab either as monotherapy or in combination with other chemotherapeutic regimens to elucidate its role in contributing to infectious complications...
2014: BMC Infectious Diseases
Yoshihiro Inamoto, Mary E D Flowers, Brenda M Sandmaier, Sahika Z Aki, Paul A Carpenter, Stephanie J Lee, Barry E Storer, Paul J Martin
This study was designed to characterize failure-free survival (FFS) as a novel end point for clinical trials of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The study cohort included 400 consecutive patients who received initial systemic treatment of chronic GVHD at our center. FFS was defined by the absence of second-line treatment, nonrelapse mortality, and recurrent malignancy during initial treatment. The FFS rate was 68% at 6 months and 54% at 12 months after initial treatment. Multivariate analysis identified 4 risk factors associated with treatment failure: time interval <12 months from transplantation to initial treatment, patient age ≥60 years, severe involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, or lungs, and Karnofsky score <80% at initial treatment...
August 21, 2014: Blood
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