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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930958/perioperative-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-the-risk-of-anastomotic-failure-in-emergency-general-surgery
#1
Nadeem N Haddad, Brandon R Bruns, Toby M Enniss, David Turay, Joseph V Sakran, Alisan Fathalizadeh, Kristen Arnold, Jason S Murry, Matthew M Carrick, Matthew C Hernandez, Margaret H Lauerman, Asad J Choudhry, David S Morris, Jose J Diaz, Herb A Phelan, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal AF in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients undergoing gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a multi-institutional prospectively collected database was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930667/phenylpropanoid-profiling-reveals-a-class-of-hydroxycinnamoyl-glucaric-acid-conjugates-in-isatis-tinctoria-leaves
#2
Thi-Kieu-Oanh Nguyen, Arash Jamali, Eric Grand, Kris Morreel, Paulo Marcelo, Eric Gontier, Rebecca Dauwe
The brassicaceous herb, Isatis tinctoria, is an ancient medicinal plant whose rosette leaf extracts have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activity. Brassicaceae are known to accumulate a variety of phenylpropanoids in their rosette leaves acting as antioxidants and a UV-B shield, and these compounds often have pharmacological potential. Nevertheless, knowledge about the phenylpropanoid content of I. tinctoria leaves remains limited to the characterization of a number of flavonoids. In this research, we profiled the methanol extracts of I...
September 17, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930277/biological-activities-of-three-essential-oils-of-the-lamiaceae-family
#3
REVIEW
Gema Nieto
Herbs and spices have been used since ancient times to improve the sensory characteristics of food, to act as preservatives and for their nutritional and healthy properties. Herbs and spices are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and are excellent substitutes for chemical additives. Essential oils are mixtures of volatile compounds obtained, mainly by steam distillation, from medicinal and aromatic plants. They are an alternative to synthetic additives for the food industry, and they have gained attention as potential sources for natural food preservatives due to the growing interest in the development of safe, effective, natural food preservation...
August 23, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930271/a-reassessment-of-the-marrubium-vulgare-l-herb-s-potential-role-in-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-first-results-guide-the-investigation-toward-new-horizons
#4
Javier Rodríguez Villanueva, Jorge Martín Esteban, Laura Rodríguez Villanueva
Despite the wide variety of pharmacological activities described for the Marrubium vulgare L. herb, amazingly, only one clinical trial can be found in scientific literature. It was designed for the evaluation of its antidiabetic activity. Worse, the outcomes of this trial were contradictory to what previous in vivo mice assays had concluded. Therefore, should Marrubium vulgare be ruled out due to its lack of therapeutic potential in diabetes? The authors suggest a reevaluation of the clinical trial methodology to establish valid and final results...
August 2, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930262/the-chemotaxonomy-of-common-sage-salvia-officinalis-based-on-the-volatile-constituents
#5
Jonathan D Craft, Prabodh Satyal, William N Setzer
Background: Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a popular culinary and medicinal herb. A literature survey has revealed that sage oils can vary widely in their chemical compositions. The purpose of this study was to examine sage essential oil from different sources/origins and to define the possible chemotypes of sage oil. Methods: Three different samples of sage leaf essential oil have been obtained and analyzed by GC-MS and GC-FID. A hierarchical cluster analysis was carried out on 185 sage oil compositions reported in the literature as well as the three samples in this study...
June 29, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930249/anti-inflammatory-antioxidant-antibiotic-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-tanacetum-vulgare-l-essential-oil-and-its-constituents
#6
Héloïse Coté, Marie-Anne Boucher, André Pichette, Jean Legault
Background:Tanacetum vulgare L. (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb that has been used to treat multiple ailments. Regional variability of the chemical composition of T. vulgare essential oils is well-known. Despite these regional chemotypes, most relevant studies did not analyze the complete chemical composition of the T. vulgare essential oil and its constituents in relation to their biological activities. Here, we assess the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and cytotoxic activities of T. vulgare collected from northern Quebec (Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean), Canada...
May 25, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930239/eryngium-foetidum-l-essential-oils-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity
#7
Paul S Thomas, Emmanuel E Essien, Samuel J Ntuk, Mohammad I Choudhary
Background:Eryngium foetidum essential oils from Nigeria were investigated for the first time in order to ascertain their potency as natural antioxidants. E. foetidum is an aromatic and medicinal herb used in ethno-medicine and as a traditional spice for foods. Methods: The hydro-distilled oils of E. foetidum were subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Free radical scavenging capacity of the volatile oils was determined using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays...
April 28, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930228/interaction-of-plant-extracts-with-central-nervous-system-receptors
#8
REVIEW
Kenneth Lundstrom, Huyen Thanh Pham, Long Doan Dinh
Background: Plant extracts have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various maladies including neurological diseases. Several central nervous system receptors have been demonstrated to interact with plant extracts and components affecting the pharmacology and thereby potentially playing a role in human disease and treatment. For instance, extracts from Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort) targeted several CNS receptors. Similarly, extracts from Piper nigrum, Stephania cambodica, and Styphnolobium japonicum exerted inhibition of agonist-induced activity of the human neurokinin-1 receptor...
February 23, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930140/identification-of-phlogacantholide-c-as-a-novel-adam10-enhancer-from-traditional-chinese-medicinal-plants
#9
Myriam Meineck, Florian Schuck, Sara Abdelfatah, Thomas Efferth, Kristina Endres
Background: Alzheimer's disease is one of the most prevalent dementias in the elderly population with increasing numbers of patients. One pivotal hallmark of this disorder is the deposition of protein aggregates stemming from neurotoxic amyloid-beta peptides. Synthesis of those peptides has been efficiently prevented in AD model mice by activation of an enzyme called alpha-secretase. Therefore, drugs with the capability to increase the expression of this enzyme, named ADAM10, have been suggested as a valuable therapeutic medication...
December 5, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929689/-comparatively-evaluating-effect-contribution-of-promoting-blood-circulation-of-herb-pairs-containing-angelicae-sinensis-radix-on-xin-sheng-hua-granule-by-withdrawal-analysis
#10
Han-Qing Pang, Jun Wang, Yu-Ping Tang, Liang Wu, Hui-Qin Xu, Yi Jin, Zhen-Hua Zhu, Sheng-Liang Huang, Da-Zheng Sun, Jin-Ao Duan
Xin-Sheng-Hua granule (XSHG) is a popular remedy commonly used in clinic for the treatment of lochiostasis after delivery. To comparatively investigate the roles of herb pairs containing Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui) upon the formula by evaluating the blood coagulation and hemorheology function in acute blood stasis rats, acute blood stasis rat model was established by ice water bath and subcutaneous injection of adrenaline. And the blood stasis mice were administrated intragastrically with different samples of the formula minus herb pairs containing Danggui and the whole formula (XSHG, SHD, DY, DC, DT, DH, DJ and DZ)...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929675/-a-new-strategy-for-exploring-herb-pair-investigation-with-a-case-study-on-astragali-radix-corni-fructus-in-treatment-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#11
REVIEW
Yu Duan, Ke Pei, Hao Cai, Kai-Lei Fan, Xiao Liu, Bao-Chang Cai
As the smallest unit of traditional Chinese medicinal formula compatibility, herb-pair has the basic characteristic of traditional Chinese medicinal formula compatibility. In recent years, herb-pair investigation has attracted much attention, which is an indispensable part of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. With the decrease of the efficiency in the discovery of new drug, how to discover new drugs from traditional Chinese medicinal herb-pair has also been a bottleneck for the research and development of drug...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929670/-herbgenomics
#12
Shi-Lin Chen, Jing-Yuan Song
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has contributad greatly to improving human health. However, the biological characteristics and molecular mechanisms of TCM in the treatment of human diseases remain largely unknown. Genomics plays an important role in modern medicine and biology. Here, we introduce genomics and other related omics to the study of herbs to propose a new discipline, Herbgenomics, that aims to uncover the genetic information and regulatory networks of herbs and to clarify their molecular mechanisms in the prevention and treatment of human diseases...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929658/-study-on-uplc-fingerprint-of-red-ginseng-based-on-good-separation-and-good-purity-of-chromatographic-peaks
#13
Wei-Hong Feng, Chun Li, Li-Na Ji, Li-Xin Yang, Li-Xin Rong, Liang-Mian Chen, Hong Yi, Zhi-Min Wang
This study is to establish the UPLC fingerprint of red ginseng. The separation was performed on a Waters Acquity BEH C₁₈ column (2.1 mm × 50 mm,1.7 μm), with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 203 nm. The UPLC fingerprint of red ginseng was established by using sample chromatography of 22 different purchase areas and 26 common peaks were found. Compared with the reference substances, 11 of the common peaks were identified as ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rf, ginsenoside Rh₁, ginsenoside Rg₂, ginsenoside Rb₁, 20(S)-ginsenoside F₁, ginsenoside Rb₂, ginsenoside Rb3, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg₃ and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg₃, respectively...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929026/curcumin-longa-extract-loaded-nanoemulsion-improves-the-survival-of-endotoxemic-mice-by-inhibiting-nitric-oxide-dependent-hmgb1-release
#14
Min Young Ahn, Jung Seok Hwang, Su Bi Lee, Sun Ah Ham, Jinwoo Hur, Jun Tae Kim, Han Geuk Seo
BACKGROUND: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it remain poorly understood. This study attempted to examine whether the Curcumin longa herb, which is known to have anti-inflammatory property, can modulate cellular inflammatory responses by regulating HMGB1 release. METHODS: The murine macrophage RAW264...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928801/ginsenoside-rb1-inhibits-hypoxia-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-regulating-microrna-25
#15
Dan Liu, Ting Liu, Yue Teng, Wei Chen, Le Zhao, Xu Li
Metastasis frequently occurs in advanced ovarian cancer, which not only leads to substantial mortality but also becomes a major challenge to effective treatment. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key mechanism facilitating cancer metastasis. Targeting the EMT process with more efficacious and less toxic agents to prevent metastasis is of significant therapeutic value for ovarian cancer treatment. The anti-EMT function and mechanism of ginsenoside Rb1, a monomer composition extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Panax ginseng or P...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928537/antihyperlipidemic-activity-of-cassia-auriculata-flower-extract-in-oleic-acid-induced-hyperlipidemia-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#16
Vijayakumar Rajendran, Anilkumar Krishnegowda, Vasanthi Nachiappan
The Cassia auriculata herb has been traditionally used in India for medicinal purposes to treat hyperglycemia, diabetes, rheumatism, asthma, and skin diseases. In the present study, ethanolic extract of Cassia auriculata flower (Et-CAF) depicted anti-hyperlipidemic effect in the budding yeast cells. The hyperlipidemic conditions were induced in the yeast cells with oleic acid which showed an increase in triacylglycerol (TAG) and sterol esters (SE), and was supported by the mRNA expression of LRO1 and DGA1 (involved in TAG formation); as well as ARE1 and ARE2 (involved in SE formation)...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927288/a-new-sesquiterpene-from-kalimeris-integrifolia
#17
Guo-Kai Wang, Zheng Wang, Yang Yu, Nan Zhang, Zhong-Yu Zhou, Gang Wang, Jin-Song Liu
A new sesquiterpene kalinturoside A (1), and 17 known compounds friedelan-3-ol (2), 24-ethyl-5a-cholesta-7, 22(E)-dien-3-one (3), friedelin (4), syringaresinol (5), α-spinasterol (6), ciwujiatone (7), syringic acid (8), scopoletin (9), apocynin (10), 1-(3-hydroxy-4, 5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethan-1-one (11), apigenin (12), 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (13), stigmasterol-3-O-β-d-glucopy-ranoside (14), bidenoside C (15), citrusin (16), irioresinol A (17) and syringaresinol-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (18) were isolated from the herbs of Kalimeris integrifolia...
September 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927024/in-vitro-activities-of-enantiopure-and-racemic-1-acetoxychavicol-acetate-against-clinical-isolates-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#18
Saradee Warit, Kamolchanok Rukseree, Therdsak Prammananan, Poonpilas Hongmanee, Pamaree Billamas, Sarinya Jaitrong, Angkana Chaiprasert, Birgit U Jaki, Guido F Pauli, Scott G Franzblau, Prasit Palittapongarnpim
In the process of evaluating the effect of several plant extracts against Mycobacterium tuberculosis using the Microplate Alamar Blue Assay (MABA), an extract of Thai herb Alpinia galanga rhizome and its major component, 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA), exhibited marked anti-tuberculosis activity. The minimal inhibition concentrations (MICs) of the S-enantiomer of ACA (S-ACA) against M. tuberculosis H37Ra ATCC 25177 and H37Rv ATCC 27294 strains were 0.2 µg/mL and 0.7 µg/mL, respectively. More than 95% of 100 drug-sensitive and 50 drug-resistant mycobacterial clinical isolates were inhibited by extracted S-ACA at 1...
September 18, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926976/chemical-composition-antibacterial-activity-and-synergistic-effects-with-conventional-antibiotics-and-nitric-oxide-production-inhibitory-activity-of-essential-oil-from-geophila-repens-l-i-m-johnst
#19
Huijuanzi Rao, Pengxiang Lai, Yang Gao
Geophila repens (L.) I.M. Johnst, a perennial herb, belongs to the Rubiaceae family. In this study, we identified the chemical composition of the Geophila repens essential oil (GR-EO) for the first time. Totally, seventy-seven compounds were identified according to GC and GC-MS, which represent 98.0% of the oil. And the major components of GR-EO were β-caryophyllene (23.3%), β-elemene (8.0%), farnesyl butanoate (7.4%), myrcene (3.5%), and trans-nerolidol (3.3%). Then we evaluated the antibacterial activities of GR-EO and the synergistic effects of GR-EO in combination with commercial antibiotics using the microdilution and Checkerboard method...
September 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925892/natural-active-compounds-from-plant-food-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Qian Liu, Lixin Zhu, Chen Cheng, Yiyang Hu, Qin Feng
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become more prevalent worldwide. It is often associated with some metabolic diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. With increasing focus on the treatment of fatty liver, much attention has been paid to numerous medicinal herbs and dietary substances to provide a new strategy for NAFLD treatment. The natural active compounds from the herbs or diet have been studied as promising treatments for NAFLD. This study aimed to summarize the use and mechanism of action of natural active compounds in the treatment of NAFLD in the recent 10 years...
September 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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