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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645888/hiv-strategic-information-in-non-european-union-countries-in-the-world-health-organization-european-region-capacity-development-needs
#1
Ivana Bozicevic, Senad Handanagic, Jurja Ivana Cakalo, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, George Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Capacity building of the national HIV strategic information system is a core component of the response to the HIV epidemic as it enables understanding of the evolving nature of the epidemic, which is critical for program planning and identification of the gaps and deficiencies in HIV programs. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the results of the assessment of the needs for further development of capacities in HIV strategic information systems in the non-European Union (EU) countries in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643615/migrant-caregiving-for-family-members-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-ethnographic-study
#2
Eleanor Holroyd, Jed Montayre, Sienna Ramsey, Victoria Egli
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
June 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633699/migration-histories-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-from-the-thailand-myanmar-border-2012-2014
#3
S S Thi, D M Parker, L L Swe, S Pukrittayakamee, C L Ling, K Amornpaisarnloet, M Vincenti-Delmas, F H Nosten
SETTING: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a growing public health threat in South-East Asia. TB is typically a disease of poverty and can be spread by infectious humans who migrate from one region to another. DESIGN: We interviewed 20 MDR-TB patients on the Thailand-Myanmar border with regard to their migration histories. Migration origins and destinations were mapped. RESULTS: All but one participant had a history of migration, and maps of migration ranges revealed wide geographic dispersal...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633509/a-qualitative-study-exploring-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-tuberculosis-in-migrant-populations-in-a-metropolitan-district-council-in-the-north-of-england
#4
C E Humphreys, A Lee, C Offer, R Spencer-Henshall, E Okereke
Background: The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the UK occur among people born in high-burden countries (73%), and are concentrated in large urban centres. This study explores migrants' attitudes and beliefs towards TB in an English District where the incidence is higher than the UK average. Methods: Community engagement workers ran 26 focus groups using a standardized questionnaire. Purposeful sampling was used to obtain a cross-section of migrant communities...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#5
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627428/occupational-exposure-of-cashew-nut-workers-to-kyasanur-forest-disease-in-goa-india
#6
D Y Patil, P D Yadav, A M Shete, J Nuchina, R Meti, D Bhattad, S Someshwar, D T Mourya
A series of suspected cases of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) in subjects returning to Belgaum in Karnataka State from Goa, India, is reported herein. KFD was confirmed in 13 out of 76 cases, either by real time RT-PCR or IgM ELISA. No case fatality was recorded. KFD virus positivity was also recorded among humans and monkeys from Sattari taluk in Goa during the same period. The envelope gene sequence of positive human samples from Belgaum showed highest identity of 99.98% to 99.99% with sequences of KFD virus isolated from human cases and monkeys from Goa...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625039/cooking-methods-and-depressive-symptoms-are-joint-risk-factors-for-fatigue-among-migrant-indonesian-women-working-domestically-in-taiwan
#7
Khairizka Citra Palupi, Chun-Kuang Shih, Jung-Su Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is a critical occupational health risk among migrant workers. Globally, more than half of migrant workers are women. However, the prevalence rate and risk factors for fatigue in domestically employed migrant women are unknown. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In total, 194 Indonesian women migrants aged 20-50 years who were working in Taipei were studied. Self-perceived acculturation, dietary acculturation, BMI and haemoglobin were evaluated...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620123/correction-work-injuries-among-migrant-workers-in-denmark
#8
Karin Biering
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619027/-health-is-my-capital-a-qualitative-study-of-access-to-healthcare-by-chinese-migrants-in-singapore
#9
Wai Jia Tam, Wei Leong Goh, Jeffrey Chua, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Since the 1970s, Singapore has turned into one of the major receiving countries of foreign workers in Southeast Asia. Over the years, challenges surrounding access to healthcare by Chinese migrant workers have surfaced globally. This study aims to explore the experiences of Chinese migrants accessing primary and secondary/tertiary healthcare in Singapore, and the opportunities for overcoming these barriers. METHODS: We conducted 25 in-depth interviews of 20 Chinese migrants and five staff from HealthServe, a non-governmental organization serving Chinese migrants in Singapore from October 2015 to January 2016...
June 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610937/hookworm-infections-among-migrant-workers-in-malaysia-molecular-identification-of-necator-americanus-and-ancylostoma-duodenale
#10
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Benacer Douadi, Mohd Khairul Nizam Mohd Khalid, John-James Wilson, Jerzy M Behnke, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
Ongoing urbanisation of the working population as well as cross-border migration of workers particularly into large cities has contributed to the development and growth of urban slums. These deprived areas are conducive for the transmission of intestinal pathogens including hookworm. The aim of this study was to determine both the prevalence and species identity of hookworm infections among the migrant worker community in Malaysia. A total of 388 faecal samples were collected from migrant workers between September 2014 and August 2015, representing workers from five employment sectors: construction, manufacturing, agriculture and plantations, food services and domestic services...
June 10, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595149/evidence-of-the-paradoxical-effect-of-social-network-support-a-study-among-filipino-domestic-workers-in-china
#11
Norman B Mendoza, Imelu G Mordeno, Carl A Latkin, Brian J Hall
Labor migrants are at an increased risk for poor mental health. Post-migration stressors contribute significantly to this risk. Social network supports are vitally important to protect health but little is known about the role of social network supports among labor migrants. The current study evaluated the role of migration stressors on poor mental health among Filipino female domestic workers (FDW) and whether family and friend social network support (SNS) modified this relationship. Data were collected from 261 FDWs in Macau, China from May to September 2013...
May 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594232/revisiting-the-aids-epidemic-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-and-what-we-must-aim-for
#12
Hamza Arshad Dar, Areeba Mubashir, Manal Adil, Aiman Farzeen, Hasaan Naseer, Gohar Ayub, Sajid Mansoor, Aneela Javed
Human Immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) is the major cause of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in humans, where the immune system totally succumbs to the virus. Large proportion of the AIDS infected belong to developing countries and AIDS prevalence is intensified by severe poverty, malnutrition and famine; fatal illnesses with a scorn shortage of medical amenities complemented with the lack of education and development. Current Pakistani health system setting is in a dire need of improvement. Low literacy rates, high birth rates and associated maternal mortality plus a lack of clean drinking water and appropriate sanitation system have a serious impact on general living conditions contributing to a relatively short life-span...
June 8, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589024/healthcare-seeking-behaviour-barriers-and-mental-health-of-non-domestic-migrant-workers-in-singapore
#13
Jia Wei Ang, Colin Chia, Calvin J Koh, Brandon W B Chua, Shyamala Narayanaswamy, Limin Wijaya, Lai Gwen Chan, Wei Leong Goh, Shawn Vasoo
BACKGROUND: Low-wage migrant workers are vulnerable to healthcare inequities. We sought to identify potential barriers to healthcare and risk factors for mental health issues in non-domestic migrant workers in Singapore, and identify high-risk subgroups. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey of 433 non-domestic migrant workers was conducted at subsidised clinics and a foreign worker dormitory from July to August 2016. Questions assessed healthcare usage patterns, affordability issues, barriers to care and psychological distress using a validated screening scale (Kessler-6)...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585044/lifestyle-tailored-interventions-for-south-asians-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Paola Ballotari, Francesca Ferrari, Luciana Ballini, Antonio Chiarenza, Valeria Manicardi, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
AIM: To summarize evidence on the effectiveness of educational interventions for type 2 diabetes control in South Asians living in high-income countries. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cinahl and the Cochrane Library, using Medical Subject Heading and free-text terms. The considered outcomes were: mortality, morbidity, glycaemic control, blood pressure, practice (diet, physical activity and self-care), attitudes/awareness and knowledge. Papers published up to July 2015 were considered...
June 6, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574480/ethnic-groups-differences-in-domestic-recovery-after-the-catastrophe-a-case-study-of-the-2008-magnitude-7-9-earthquake-in-china
#15
Ying Wang, Yingqi Zhu, Qi Sui
This research examined the ethnic differences in domestic recovery after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China. In 2014, 866 valid questionnaires were collected. Han and Qiang & Zang households were analyzed using logistic regression to determine the factors influencing household recovery. It was found that the householder of the Qiang & Zang group played a more important role in household recovery. Different from the Han, females from Qiang & Zang households had negative attitudes on recovery, and Qiang & Zang households did not believe in the effectiveness of public donations for post-quake recovery...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573912/dissecting-and-customising-the-childhood-obesity-prevention-advisory-council-copac-the-development-and-application-of-a-community-engagement-framework-to-improve-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-populations
#16
A M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Migrant communities in Australia bear a disproportionate childhood obesity burden. They also show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives which may contribute to widening obesity disparities. Community engagement has been shown to be effective in reducing health disparities by improving migrant communities' participation in prevention programmes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a community engagement framework to improve childhood obesity prevention among migrants...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572838/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-against-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-among-hiv-negative-people-in-china
#17
Tiejun Zhang, Zhenqiu Liu, Jun Wang, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Gary M Clifford, Na He, Silvia Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Little information on the prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) among HIV-negative individuals is available from Asia. METHODS: In the present study, we report findings from a new survey of KSHV in 983 HIV-negative male migrants from Shanghai and their combination with previous similar surveys of 600 female migrants, 600 female sex-workers (FSW), 1336 sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic male patients, 439 intravenous drug-users (IVDU), and 226 men having sex with men (MSM) from China...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559682/europe-s-shifting-response-to-hiv-aids-from-human-rights-to-risk-management
#18
Julia Smith
Despite a history of championing HIV/AIDS as a human rights issue, and a rhetorical commitment to health as a human right, European states and institutions have shifted from a rights-based response to a risk management approach to HIV/AIDS since the economic recession of 2008. An interdisciplinary perspective is applied to analyze health policy changes at the national, regional, and global levels by drawing on data from key informant interviews, and institutional and civil society documents. It is demonstrated that, in the context of austerity measures, member states such as the UK and Greece reduced commitments to rights associated with HIV/AIDS; at the regional level, the EU failed to develop rights-based approaches to address the vulnerabilities and health care needs of key populations affected by HIV/AIDS, particularly migrants and sex workers; and at the global level, the EU backtracked on commitments to global health and is prioritizing the intellectual property rights of pharmaceutical companies over the human rights of people living with HIV/AIDS...
December 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558673/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-a-geo-specific-poster-compared-to-a-general-poster-for-effecting-change-in-perceived-threat-and-intention-to-avoid-drowning-hotspots-among-children-of-migrant-workers-evidence-from-ningbo-china
#19
Yinchao Zhu, Xiaoqi Feng, Hui Li, Yaqin Huang, Jieping Chen, Guozhang Xu
BACKGROUND: Drowning among children of migrant workers is a major, though neglected public health issue in China. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was used to examine the potential impact of viewing a preventive health poster with/without geo-located drowning events on perceptions of drowning risk among Chinese migrant children. A total of 752 children from three schools in Jiangbei district were selected by multi-stage sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 380) or control (n = 372)...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547824/the-promise-of-a-better-group-future-cognitive-alternatives-increase-students-self-efficacy-and-academic-performance
#20
Aarti Iyer, Airong Zhang, Jolanda Jetten, Zhen Hao, Lijuan Cui
Drawing on classic social identity theorizing (Tajfel, Differentiation between social groups: Studies in the social psychology of intergroup relations, London, UK, Academic Press, 1978), we propose that low-status minority group members' self-efficacy and performance on intellectual tasks can be enhanced by prompting them to believe in a better future for their group (i.e., increasing awareness of cognitive alternatives to the existing low-status position). Study 1 manipulated cognitive alternatives among 157 migrant workers' children in China, showing that self-efficacy was enhanced in the high compared to the low cognitive alternative condition...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
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