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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436745/does-contact-at-work-extend-its-influence-beyond-prejudice-evidence-from-healthcare-settings
#1
Tiziana Mancini, Luca Caricati, Giuseppe Marletta
This paper reports on two studies investigating the role of intergroup contact on the reduction of prejudice against migrants and on organisational and health outcomes. Study 1 enrolled 624 native healthcare professionals, and showed that frequent and positive contact with non-native co-workers was associated with a decrease in the professionals' prejudice and an increase in the professionals' perception of team functioning. These effects were mediated by reduced in-group threat perception. Study 2 enrolled 201 native patients, and showed that frequent and positive contact with non-native healthcare providers was associated with a decrease in patients' prejudice and an increase in patients' satisfaction for the care received...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431498/migrant-workers-in-italy-an-analysis-of-injury-risk-taking-into-account-occupational-characteristics-and-job-tenure
#2
Massimiliano Giraudo, Antonella Bena, Giuseppe Costa
BACKGROUND: Migrants resident in Italy exceeded 5 million in 2015, representing 8.2% of the resident population. The study of the mechanisms that explain the differential health of migrant workers (as a whole and for specific nationalities) has been identified as a priority for research. The international literature has shown that migrant workers have a higher risk of total and fatal injury than natives, but some results are conflicting. The aim of this paper is to study the injury risk differentials between migrants, born in countries with strong migratory pressure (SMPC), and workers born in high income countries (HIC), taking into account individual and firm characteristics and job tenure...
April 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#4
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415665/mental-health-of-the-old-and-new-generation-migrant-workers-in-china-who-are-at-greater-risk-for-psychological-distress
#5
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra S M Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Dong Jin, Chi-Yi Hu, Helen F K Chiu
Rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large vulnerable population in China and, recently, the new-generation MWs (those born in 1980 or later) have become the majority of this population. Examining difference in the epidemiology of poor mental health between the new- and old-generation (those born before 1980) MWs would facilitate mental health promotion efforts. However, very few related studies are available and they produced conflicting findings. This study investigated intergenerational difference in prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (PD) in MWs...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394714/access-to-health-care-by-migrant-farm-workers-on-fruit-plantations-in-eastern-thailand
#6
Anamai Thetkathuek, Wanlop Jaidee, Patchana Jaidee
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to elucidate factors that influenced access to health care for migrant farm workers from Cambodia employed on fruit plantations in eastern Thailand. METHODS: Data were collected from 861 participants via interview questions and focus group discussions. RESULTS: The results revealed that 58.2% of immigrant workers were male, averaged 30.4 years of age, and 56.3% had no formal education. In the past year, 28% reported back pain, and 25% had joint pain...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376097/geospatial-characteristics-of-measles-transmission-in-china-during-2005-2014
#7
Wan Yang, Liang Wen, Shen-Long Li, Kai Chen, Wen-Yi Zhang, Jeffrey Shaman
Measles is a highly contagious and severe disease. Despite mass vaccination, it remains a leading cause of death in children in developing regions, killing 114,900 globally in 2014. In 2006, China committed to eliminating measles by 2012; to this end, the country enhanced its mandatory vaccination programs and achieved vaccination rates reported above 95% by 2008. However, in spite of these efforts, during the last 3 years (2013-2015) China documented 27,695, 52,656, and 42,874 confirmed measles cases. How measles manages to spread in China-the world's largest population-in the mass vaccination era remains poorly understood...
April 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#8
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353364/health-meanings-among-foreign-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-culture-centered-approach
#9
Mohan J Dutta, Sarah Comer, Daniel Teo, Pauline Luk, Mary Lee, Dazzelyn Zapata, Arudhra Krishnaswamy, Satveer Kaur
Economic migration is integral to processes of globalization, with large numbers of the global poor moving across borders in search of employment in the face of structural adjustment programs and large-scale displacement of the poor from traditional forms of livelihood. One such group are foreign domestic workers (FDWs). In this culture-centered study, we listen to the voices of FDWs in Singapore to understand the key meanings of health held by this group of migrant workers as they negotiate living and working in Singapore...
March 29, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331250/sexual-behavior-hiv-prevalence-and-awareness-among-wives-of-migrant-workers-results-from-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-north-india
#10
Alok Ranjan, Tarun Bhatnagar, Giridhara R Babu, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: Migration has been linked to the spread of HIV epidemic from the urban areas of western India to the rural areas of north India. OBJECTIVES: This is the first population-based study among the wives of migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar with objectives to describe their sexual behavior within marriage, estimate the prevalence of HIV, and to know their awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A two-stage cluster survey was conducted by randomly selecting 25 eligible wives from each of the 34 selected villages...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327180/an-assessment-of-national-surveillance-systems-for-malaria-elimination-in-the-asia-pacific
#11
Chris Erwin G Mercado, Nattwut Ekapirat, Arjen M Dondorp, Richard J Maude
BACKGROUND: Heads of Government from Asia and the Pacific have committed to a malaria-free region by 2030. In 2015, the total number of confirmed cases reported to the World Health Organization by 22 Asia Pacific countries was 2,461,025. However, this was likely a gross underestimate due in part to incidence data not being available from the wide variety of known sources. There is a recognized need for an accurate picture of malaria over time and space to support the goal of elimination...
March 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#12
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321906/development-and-feasibility-of-a-community-partnered-nutrition-intervention-targeting-rural-migrant-communities-in-the-dominican-republic
#13
Genevieve Maliszewski, Maithe Enriquez, An-Lin Cheng, Pamela Logan, Jennifer Watts
OBJECTIVE: Research on health initiatives for rural batey communities in the Dominican Republic is needed. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study utilized a pretest-posttest design to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention targeting rural migrant sugarcane families. Participants (N = 310) were primarily female (61%) and ranged in age from 13 to 64 years (M = 25.9; SD = 10.4). A convenience sample was recruited from six rural bateyes in the southern region of the Dominican Republic...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300492/recent-im-migration-to-canada-linked-to-unmet-health-needs-among-sex-workers-in-vancouver-canada-findings-of-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Julie Sou, Shira M Goldenberg, Putu Duff, Paul Nguyen, Jean Shoveller, Kate Shannon
Despite universal health care in Canada, sex workers (SWs) and im/migrants experience suboptimal health care access. In this analysis, we examined the correlates of unmet health needs among SWs in Metro Vancouver over time. Data from a longitudinal cohort of women SWs (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access [AESHA]) were used. Of 742 SWs, 25.5% reported unmet health needs at least once over the 4-year study period. In multivariable logistic regression using generalized estimating equations, recent im/migration had the strongest impact on unmet health needs; long-term im/migration, policing, and trauma were also important determinants...
May 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290123/the-gravity-of-high-skilled-migration-policies
#15
Mathias Czaika, Christopher R Parsons
Combining unique, annual, bilateral data on labor flows of highly skilled immigrants for 10 OECD destinations between 2000 and 2012, with new databases comprising both unilateral and bilateral policy instruments, we present the first judicious cross-country assessment of policies aimed to attract and select high-skilled workers. Points-based systems are much more effective in attracting and selecting high-skilled migrants than requiring a job offer, labor market tests, and shortage lists. Offers of permanent residency, while attracting the highly skilled, overall reduce the human capital content of labor flows because they prove more attractive to non-high-skilled workers...
March 13, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281177/social-support-and-its-impact-on-ethnic-identity-and-hiv-risk-among-migrant-workers
#16
Nancy Shehadeh, Muni Rubens, Jennifer Attonito, Terri Jennings
Migrant workers are disproportionately affected by HIV due to poverty, social isolation, lack of access to and availability of health care services, acculturation, language barriers, constant mobility, and lack of knowledge. This study examined the impact of changes in social support on ethnic identity and HIV risk behaviors among migrant workers in South Florida. For this study, baseline and 6-month follow-up data were collected from an HIV intervention study among migrant workers in South Florida (n = 270) who reported unprotected sex in the past 30 days...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251058/aspirations-and-the-subjective-future-of-migration-comparing-views-and-desires-of-the-time-ahead-through-the-narratives-of-immigrant-domestic-workers
#17
Paolo Boccagni
Migrants' aspirations are a meaningful and under-appreciated research subject. My paper investigates their development and implications over the life course, building on an archive of life stories of immigrant domestic workers in Italy. It dissects the biographical bases of aspirations as ways of cultivating open representations of the future; hence, as a window on migrants' potential to shape the future itself, given their assets, the external structure of opportunities and the relational fields in which they are embedded...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250516/implementing-health-insurance-for-migrants-thailand
#18
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Aye Aye Thwin, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
PROBLEM: Undocumented migrant workers are generally ineligible for state social security schemes, and either forego needed health services or pay out of pocket. APPROACH: In 2001, the Thai Ministry of Public Health introduced a policy on migrant health. Migrant health insurance is a voluntary scheme, funded by an annual premium paid by workers. It enables access to health care at public facilities and reduces catastrophic health expenditures for undocumented migrants and their dependants...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249583/molecular-surveillance-of-artemisinin-resistance-falciparum-malaria-among-migrant-goldmine-workers-in-myanmar
#19
Myat Htut Nyunt, Bo Wang, Khin Myo Aye, Kyin Hla Aye, Jin-Hee Han, Seong-Kyun Lee, Kay Thwe Han, Ye Htut, Eun-Taek Han
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin resistance has been reported in Greater Mekong Sub-region countries, including Myanmar. After discovery of artemisinin resistance marker (K13), molecular surveillance on artemisinin resistance in endemic regions have been conducted. As the migrant population represents a high percentage of malaria cases, molecular surveillance of artemisinin resistance among migrant workers is of great concern. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shwegyin Township, where migrants work in the goldmines...
March 1, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241830/acceptability-of-insecticide-treated-clothing-for-malaria-prevention-among-migrant-rubber-tappers-in-myanmar-a-cluster-randomized-non-inferiority-crossover-trial
#20
Alison F Crawshaw, Thae Maung Maung, Muhammad Shafique, Nyan Sint, Sarala Nicholas, Michelle S Li, Arantxa Roca-Feltrer, Jeffrey Hii
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated clothing (ITC) has long been used for military and outdoor recreational purposes and there is substantial evidence to show that it can protect against arthropod biting. As a complementary vector control measure, ITC could be used to address outdoor transmission of malaria, particularly among mobile and migrant populations and night-time workers such as rubber tappers, who may be beyond the reach of core interventions. However, more information is required on acceptability and preferences of target groups towards ITC to understand whether it could be a viable strategy in Myanmar...
February 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
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