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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547824/the-promise-of-a-better-group-future-cognitive-alternatives-increase-students-self-efficacy-and-academic-performance
#1
Aarti Iyer, Airong Zhang, Jolanda Jetten, Zhen Hao, Lijuan Cui
Drawing on classic social identity theorizing (Tajfel, Differentiation between social groups: Studies in the social psychology of intergroup relations, London, UK, Academic Press, 1978), we propose that low-status minority group members' self-efficacy and performance on intellectual tasks can be enhanced by prompting them to believe in a better future for their group (i.e., increasing awareness of cognitive alternatives to the existing low-status position). Study 1 manipulated cognitive alternatives among 157 migrant workers' children in China, showing that self-efficacy was enhanced in the high compared to the low cognitive alternative condition...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547003/why-did-people-move-during-the-great-recession-the-role-of-economics-in-migration-decisions
#2
Brian L Levy, Ted Mouw, Anthony Daniel Perez
Labor migration offers an important mechanism to reallocate workers when there are regional differences in employment conditions. Whereas conventional wisdom suggests migration rates should increase during recessions as workers move out of areas that are hit hardest, initial evidence suggested that overall migration rates declined during the Great Recession, despite large regional differences in unemployment and growth rates. In this paper, we use data from the American Community Survey to analyze internal migration trends before and during the economic downturn...
April 2017: Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences: RSF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#3
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526699/tory-plan-to-double-migrant-worker-surcharge-will-worsen-nhs-staffing-crisis-says-bma
#4
Matthew Limb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518037/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-migrant-worker-returning-from-oman-to-india-2016
#5
Pragya D Yadav, Sachin Thacker, Deepak Y Patil, Rajlaxmi Jain, Devendra T Mourya
In January 2016, a migrant worker who returned home to India after becoming ill in Oman was confirmed to have Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Physicians should include CCHF in the differential diagnosis for patients with hemorrhagic signs and a history of recent travel to any area where CCHF is endemic or prevalent.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506241/socio-demographic-determinants-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-in-migrant-workers-of-peninsular-malaysia
#6
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
BACKGROUND: The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490818/the-structural-invisibility-of-outsiders-the-role-of-migrant-labour-in-the-meat-processing-industry
#7
John Lever, Paul Milbourne
This article examines the role of migrant workers in meat-processing factories in the UK. Drawing on materials from mixed methods research in a number of case study towns across Wales, we explore the structural and spatial processes that position migrant workers as outsiders. While state policy and immigration controls are often presented as a way of protecting migrant workers from work-based exploitation and ensuring jobs for British workers, our research highlights that the situation 'on the ground' is more complex...
April 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482996/culturally-adaptive-walking-intervention-for-korean-chinese-female-migrant-workers
#8
Sunghye Cho, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Jung Hee Kim, Meenhye Lee, Young-Me Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the literature has commonly cited that development of culturally adaptive interventions is key to improving the health outcomes of culturally and linguistically diverse populations, there have been limited culturally adaptive walking interventions specific to Korean-Chinese (KC) migrants. The objective of this study is to describe the process in development of culturally adaptive walking interventions for KC female migrant workers, using the intervention mapping (IM) method...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452652/health-equity-and-migrants-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion
#9
Celia McMichael, Judith Healy
BACKGROUND: Migrant health is receiving increasing international attention, reflecting recognition of the health inequities experienced among many migrant populations and the need for health systems to adapt to diverse migrant populations. In the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) there is increasing migration associated with uneven economic integration and growth, socio-economic vulnerabilities, and disparities between countries. There has been limited progress, however, in improving migrant access to health services in the Subregion...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#10
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436745/does-contact-at-work-extend-its-influence-beyond-prejudice-evidence-from-healthcare-settings
#11
Tiziana Mancini, Luca Caricati, Giuseppe Marletta
This paper reports on two studies investigating the role of intergroup contact on the reduction of prejudice against migrants and on organisational and health outcomes. Study 1 enrolled 624 native healthcare professionals, and showed that frequent and positive contact with non-native co-workers was associated with a decrease in the professionals' prejudice and an increase in the professionals' perception of team functioning. These effects were mediated by reduced in-group threat perception. Study 2 enrolled 201 native patients, and showed that frequent and positive contact with non-native healthcare providers was associated with a decrease in patients' prejudice and an increase in patients' satisfaction for the care received...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431498/migrant-workers-in-italy-an-analysis-of-injury-risk-taking-into-account-occupational-characteristics-and-job-tenure
#12
Massimiliano Giraudo, Antonella Bena, Giuseppe Costa
BACKGROUND: Migrants resident in Italy exceeded 5 million in 2015, representing 8.2% of the resident population. The study of the mechanisms that explain the differential health of migrant workers (as a whole and for specific nationalities) has been identified as a priority for research. The international literature has shown that migrant workers have a higher risk of total and fatal injury than natives, but some results are conflicting. The aim of this paper is to study the injury risk differentials between migrants, born in countries with strong migratory pressure (SMPC), and workers born in high income countries (HIC), taking into account individual and firm characteristics and job tenure...
April 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#14
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415665/mental-health-of-the-old-and-new-generation-migrant-workers-in-china-who-are-at-greater-risk-for-psychological-distress
#15
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra S M Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Dong Jin, Chi-Yi Hu, Helen F K Chiu
Rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large vulnerable population in China and, recently, the new-generation MWs (those born in 1980 or later) have become the majority of this population. Examining difference in the epidemiology of poor mental health between the new- and old-generation (those born before 1980) MWs would facilitate mental health promotion efforts. However, very few related studies are available and they produced conflicting findings. This study investigated intergenerational difference in prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (PD) in MWs...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394714/access-to-health-care-by-migrant-farm-workers-on-fruit-plantations-in-eastern-thailand
#16
Anamai Thetkathuek, Wanlop Jaidee, Patchana Jaidee
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to elucidate factors that influenced access to health care for migrant farm workers from Cambodia employed on fruit plantations in eastern Thailand. METHODS: Data were collected from 861 participants via interview questions and focus group discussions. RESULTS: The results revealed that 58.2% of immigrant workers were male, averaged 30.4 years of age, and 56.3% had no formal education. In the past year, 28% reported back pain, and 25% had joint pain...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376097/geospatial-characteristics-of-measles-transmission-in-china-during-2005-2014
#17
Wan Yang, Liang Wen, Shen-Long Li, Kai Chen, Wen-Yi Zhang, Jeffrey Shaman
Measles is a highly contagious and severe disease. Despite mass vaccination, it remains a leading cause of death in children in developing regions, killing 114,900 globally in 2014. In 2006, China committed to eliminating measles by 2012; to this end, the country enhanced its mandatory vaccination programs and achieved vaccination rates reported above 95% by 2008. However, in spite of these efforts, during the last 3 years (2013-2015) China documented 27,695, 52,656, and 42,874 confirmed measles cases. How measles manages to spread in China-the world's largest population-in the mass vaccination era remains poorly understood...
April 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#18
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353364/health-meanings-among-foreign-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-culture-centered-approach
#19
Mohan J Dutta, Sarah Comer, Daniel Teo, Pauline Luk, Mary Lee, Dazzelyn Zapata, Arudhra Krishnaswamy, Satveer Kaur
Economic migration is integral to processes of globalization, with large numbers of the global poor moving across borders in search of employment in the face of structural adjustment programs and large-scale displacement of the poor from traditional forms of livelihood. One such group are foreign domestic workers (FDWs). In this culture-centered study, we listen to the voices of FDWs in Singapore to understand the key meanings of health held by this group of migrant workers as they negotiate living and working in Singapore...
March 29, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331250/sexual-behavior-hiv-prevalence-and-awareness-among-wives-of-migrant-workers-results-from-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-north-india
#20
Alok Ranjan, Tarun Bhatnagar, Giridhara R Babu, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: Migration has been linked to the spread of HIV epidemic from the urban areas of western India to the rural areas of north India. OBJECTIVES: This is the first population-based study among the wives of migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar with objectives to describe their sexual behavior within marriage, estimate the prevalence of HIV, and to know their awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A two-stage cluster survey was conducted by randomly selecting 25 eligible wives from each of the 34 selected villages...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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