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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347938/a-survey-of-health-problems-of-nepalese-female-migrants-workers-in-the-middle-east-and-malaysia
#1
Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung, Sharada P Wasti
BACKGROUND: Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researched. The aim of the study was to explore the health problems of female Nepalese migrants working in the Middle-East and Malaysia. METHODS: The study was conducted among 1010 women who were registered as migrant returnees at an organisation called Pourakhi Nepal...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332105/the-emergence-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-producing-oxa-48-and-ndm-in-the-southern-asir-province-saudi-arabia
#2
Ibrahim A Al-Zahrani, Bander A Alsiri
To identify the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) and the most common types of cabapenemases among CRKP in the Southern (Asir) province hospitals, Saudi Arabia. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted between late April and September in 2015. A total of 54 Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) isolates with reduced sensitivity to carbapenems were obtained from various clinical specimens of the 2 largest hospitals in the Southern province. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of carbapenems were confirmed using E-test...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330696/migrant-live-in-caregivers-mental-health-in-canada
#3
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Aisha Lofters
Empirical evidence suggests rapid health decline among temporary migrant workers but there is limited knowledge about their mental health. This study explored live-in care givers' (LCs) mental health and its determinants. Using a mixed methods design, a purposeful sample of 30 LCs was recruited. Data were collected through a selfcompleted questionnaire. A third of participants reported their mental health as poor or fair. Almost half experienced major depression. The poor mental health was associated with the average working hours and living accommodation...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#4
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304164/influence-of-peer-support-on-hiv-sti-prevention-and-safety-amongst-international-migrant-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#5
Belen Febres-Cordero, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Carmen Fernandez-Casanueva, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Shira M Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301534/submicroscopic-malaria-cases-play-role-in-local-transmission-in-trenggalek-district-east-java-province-indonesia
#6
Heny Arwati, Subagyo Yotopranoto, Etik Ainun Rohmah, Din Syafruddin
BACKGROUND: Trenggalek district is a hypoendemic malaria area with mainly imported cases brought by migrant workers from islands outside Java. During malaria surveillance in 2015, no malaria cases were found microscopically, but some cases were positive by PCR. Therefore, a study was conducted to prove that local malaria transmission still occur. METHODS: The adult villagers were invited to the house of the head of this village to be screened for malaria using aseptic venipuncture of 1 mL blood upon informed consent...
January 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243016/health-status-and-experience-of-the-migrant-workers-returned-from-spain-to-colombia-a-qualitative-approach
#7
Carolina Zapata-Villa, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Doris Cardona-Arango, Elena Ronda-Pérez
This study aims to understand the migratory experience and the employment, work and health conditions of the returned migrants from Spain to Colombia. A qualitative study was conducted by means of 23 semi-structured interviews with Colombian returned migrant workers. Qualitative narrative content analysis was performed using Atlas.Ti software. Main findings are represented by nine categories emerged from the participants' discourses: (1) impact of the economic crisis on work and employment conditions in Spain, (2) economic crisis and return, (3) characteristics of returnees, (4) perception of the returnees about Colombia, (5) the role of social support networks, (6) employment and working conditions in Colombia, (7) health and wellbeing, (8) future plans and expectations, (9) the experience of being immigrant...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240907/primary-care-for-refugees-and-newly-arrived-migrants-in-europe-a-qualitative-study-on-health-needs-barriers-and-wishes
#8
Tessa van Loenen, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Marrigje Hofmeester, Christopher Dowrick, Nadja van Ginneken, Enkeleint Aggelos Mechili, Agapi Angelaki, Dean Ajdukovic, Helena Bakic, Danica Rotar Pavlic, Erika Zelko, Kathryn Hoffmann, Elena Jirovsky, Elisabeth Sophie Mayrhuber, Michel Dückers, Trudy Mooren, Juul Gouweloos-Trines, László Kolozsvári, Imre Rurik, Christos Lionis
Background: In order to provide effective primary care for refugees and to develop interventions tailored to them, we must know their needs. Little is known of the health needs and experiences of recently arrived refugees and other migrants throughout their journey through Europe. We aimed to gain insight into their health needs, barriers in access and wishes regarding primary health care. Methods: In the spring of 2016, we conducted a qualitative, comparative case study in seven EU countries in a centre of first arrival, two transit centres, two intermediate-stay centres and two longer-stay centres using a Participatory Learning and Action research methodology...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236884/prevalence-of-common-mental-disorders-among-sugarcane-workers
#9
Polyana Felipe Ferreira da Costa, Solange Laurentino Dos Santos, Marcelo Saturnino da Silva, Idê Gomes Dantas Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders and to analyze the associated factors in migrant and sugarcane workers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with 110 workers. Common mental disorders were evaluated using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), and sociodemographic, occupational, and lifestyle variables were studied. The CAGE questionnaire was used to detect the abuse of alcoholic beverages. RESULTS: The prevalence of common mental disorders affected 40% of the workers and the association showed statistical significance for the positive result of the CAGE test, sickness, absence from work, and medical care during the harvest period...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225922/using-participatory-learning-action-pla-research-techniques-for-inter-stakeholder-dialogue-in-primary-healthcare-an-analysis-of-stakeholders-experiences
#10
T de Brún, M O'Reilly-de Brún, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, N Burns, C Dowrick, C Lionis, C O'Donnell, F S Mair, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
Plain English summary: It is important for health care workers to know the needs and expectations of their patients. Therefore, service users have to be involved in research. To achieve a meaningful dialogue between service users, healthcare workers and researchers, participatory methods are needed. This paper describes how the application of a specific participatory methodology, Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) can lead to such a meaningful dialogue. In PLA all stakeholders are regarded as equal partners and collaborators in research...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213301/including-refugees-in-disease-elimination-challenges-observed-from-a-sleeping-sickness-programme-in-uganda
#11
Jennifer J Palmer, Okello Robert, Freddie Kansiime
Background: Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda's response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify key governance and operational lessons for national sleeping sickness programmes working with displaced populations today. A refugee policy which favours integration of primary healthcare services for refugee and host populations and the availability of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect sleeping sickness at this health system level makes Uganda well-placed to include refugees in sleeping sickness surveillance...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211515/factors-associated-with-use-of-short-term-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-among-female-partners-of-migrant-miners-in-mozambique
#12
Joana Falcao, Allison Zerbe, Maria Lahuerta, Rachel Baggaley, Laurence Ahoua, Pietro DiMattei, Fernando Morales, Isaias Ramiro, Wafaa M El-Sadr
Effective interventions tailored to specific types of behaviors and contexts are needed for women at risk for HIV acquisition. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious HIV prevention intervention that uses antiretroviral drugs to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV infection. In Mozambique, HIV remains a major public health concern, with a national prevalence of 13%. Studies have demonstrated that the migration of male miners between southern provinces of Mozambique and South Africa is contributing to the HIV epidemic in Mozambique...
December 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210613/reproductive-tract-infection-and-related-factors-among-female-migrants-working-in-industrial-zones-in-vietnam-2013-2014
#13
Anh Thi Kim Le, Hanh Thi Duc Tran, Tuan Kim Duong, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui
We conducted this study to analyse factors related to reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among female migrant workers (FMWs) in four industrial zones across four regions in Vietnam. A analytical cross-sectional study was implemented with FMWs aged between 18-49 years old in four industrial zones in Hanoi, Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh city (HCM) and Binh Duong, Vietnam. Stratified sampling was used to select about 6400 married and unmarried FMWs. Cases were identified through self-reporting of female migrants concerning RTIs symtoms experienced in the 1 year prior to the study...
December 6, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206992/seroprevalence-of-lymphatic-filariasis-among-migrant-workers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#14
Rahmah Noordin, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain, Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus, Norhidayu Sahimin
Background: Malaysia aims to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (LF) by the year 2020, thus the potential threat of LF from migrant workers needs to be investigated. Methods: Brugian and bancroftian filariasis among 484 migrant workers from six countries were investigated using rapid tests based on detection of specific IgG4 antibodies against BmR1 (Brugia Rapid) and BmSXP recombinant antigens. Results: The seroprevalence of brugian filariasis was very low; however, bancroftian filariasis was notable among workers from India, Nepal and Myanmar...
December 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200527/improving-the-health-and-well-being-of-children-of-migrant-workers
#16
Catherine Jan, Xiaolin Zhou, Randall S Stafford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200490/management-of-nail-bed-injuries-associated-with-fingertip-injuries
#17
Alexander George, Reena Alexander, C Manju
Background: Management of nail injuries can often be a challenging experience, especially in presence of complex fingertips' injuries that include soft tissue loss and distal phalanx injury. Most studies found in the literature focus on individual injuries and describe methods to tackle those injuries, notwithstanding the fact that the nail, nailbed, distal phalanx, soft tissue and skin of the finger tip form a complex and often more than one element of this complex is injured. This retrospective study therefore focuses on the management of nail bed injuries as a part of the complex finger tip injury and outlines the surgical principles and techniques that were used in their management...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198899/sentinel-surveillance-data-from-eritrean-migrants-in-italy-the-theory-of-healthy-migrants
#18
Massimo Ciccozzi, Eleonora Cella, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Giordano Dicuonzo, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Alessia Conti, Rossella Ottaviani, Marina De Cesaris, Silvia Spoto, Silvia Angeletti
BACKGROUND: Eritrean migrants accounted for the majority of people who drowned in the Mediterranean this year. Recently, data deficit about international migration has been reported. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three Eritrean migrants, upon their arrival in Italy, were accommodated at the asylum seekers center of Castelnuovo di Porto, together with 25 sanitary workers, and received microbiological surveillance at the Clinical Pathology and Microbiology Unit of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome...
December 2, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195746/association-between-migrant-worker-experience-limitations-on-insurance-coverage-and-hospitalization-for-schizophrenia-in-hunan-province-china
#19
Yifan Zhu, Xinran Hu, Bo Yang, Guowei Wu, Zheng Wang, Zhimin Xue, Jincheng Shi, Xuan Ouyang, Zhening Liu, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: While transnational migration has been shown to be a risk factor for schizophrenia, studies have not examined whether massive internal rural-to-urban migration in China in recent years has increased the risk of hospitalization for schizophrenia, or schizophrenia symptom severity among migrants. METHOD: In a sample of patients acutely hospitalized with schizophrenia in Changsha, Hunan Province, China (N=334), the proportion of past migrant workers among patients was compared to the proportion of past migrant workers in the general adult population of Hunan...
November 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189970/climate-change-induced-heat-risks-for-migrant-populations-working-at-brick-kilns-in-india-a-transdisciplinary-approach
#20
Karin Lundgren-Kownacki, Siri M Kjellberg, Pernille Gooch, Marwa Dabaieh, Latha Anandh, Vidhya Venugopal
During the summer of 2015, India was hit by a scorching heat wave that melted pavements in Delhi and caused thousands of deaths, mainly among the most marginalized populations. One such group facing growing heat risks from both occupational and meteorological causes are migrant brick kiln workers. This study evaluates both current heat risks and the potential future impacts of heat caused by climate change, for the people working at brick kilns in India. A case study of heat stress faced by people working at brick kilns near Chennai, India, is the anchor point around which a transdisciplinary approach was applied...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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