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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143673/the-heptestcontest-a-global-innovation-contest-to-identify-approaches-to-hepatitis-b-and-c-testing
#1
Joseph D Tucker, Kathrine Meyers, John Best, Karyn Kaplan, Razia Pendse, Kevin A Fenton, Isabelle Andrieux-Meyer, Carmen Figueroa, Pedro Goicochea, Charles Gore, Azumi Ishizaki, Giten Khwairakpam, Veronica Miller, Antons Mozalevskis, Michael Ninburg, Ponsiano Ocama, Rosanna Peeling, Nick Walsh, Massimo G Colombo, Philippa Easterbrook
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests are a novel approach to elicit good ideas and innovative practices in various areas of public health. There remains limited published literature on approaches to deliver hepatitis testing. The purpose of this innovation contest was to identify examples of different hepatitis B and C approaches to support countries in their scale-up of hepatitis testing and to supplement development of formal recommendations on service delivery in the 2017 World Health Organization hepatitis B and C testing guidelines...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138615/factors-associated-with-late-anc-initiation-among-pregnant-women-in-select-public-health-centers-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study-design
#2
Kahasse Gebrekidan, Alemayehu Worku
Background: Although Ethiopia has shown remarkable achievements in reducing maternal mortality in the last 10 years, the prevalence of late antenatal care (ANC) initiation is still high in the country. Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to identify the factors related to late ANC initiation among pregnant women in selected public health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Subjects and methods: A total of 402 pregnant women (cases=134, controls=268) were recruited using multistage sampling...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133313/site-specific-cancer-mortality-inequalities-by-employment-and-occupational-groups-a-cohort-study-among-belgian-adults-2001-2011
#3
Katrien Vanthomme, Laura Van den Borre, Hadewijch Vandenheede, Paulien Hagedoorn, Sylvie Gadeyne
OBJECTIVE: This study probes into site-specific cancer mortality inequalities by employment and occupational group among Belgians, adjusted for other indicators of socioeconomic (SE) position. DESIGN: This cohort study is based on record linkage between the Belgian censuses of 1991 and 2001 and register data on emigration and mortality for 01/10/2001 to 31/12/2011. SETTING: Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: The study population contains all Belgians within the economically active age (25-65 years) at the census of 1991...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132373/understanding-malaria-treatment-seeking-preferences-within-the-public-sector-amongst-mobile-migrant-workers-in-a-malaria-elimination-scenario-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Migration flows and the emerging resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) create programmatic challenges to meeting the AD 2030 malaria elimination target in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) targeted migrant workers based mainly on the stability of their worksites (categories 1: permanent work-setting; categories 2 and 3: less stable work-settings). This study aims to assess the migration patterns, malaria treatment-seeking preferences, and challenges encountered by mobile/migrant workers at remote sites in a malaria-elimination setting...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125042/molecular-surveillance-of-chloroquine-drug-resistance-markers-pfcrt-and-pfmdr1-among-imported-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-qatar
#5
Anushree Acharya, Devendra Bansal, Praveen K Bharti, Fahmi Y Khan, Salem Abusalah, Ashraf Elmalik, Mohammed ElKhalifa, Pradyumna K Mohapatra, Jagadish Mahanta, Rakesh Sehgal, Neeru Singh, Ali A Sultan
Imported malaria has been a great challenge for public health in Qatar due to influx of large number of migrant workers. Antimalarial drug resistance has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing malaria control today. Monitoring parasite haplotypes that predict susceptibility to major antimalarial can guide treatment policies. This study aimed to determine molecular drug resistance pattern in imported malaria cases in Qatar. Blood samples from the uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria patients were collected at Hamad General Hospital, HMC, Doha, Qatar...
November 10, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115960/should-the-poor-have-no-medicines-to-cure-a-study-on-the-association-between-social-class-and-social-security-among-the-rural-migrant-workers-in-urban-china
#6
Ming Guan
BACKGROUND: The rampant urbanization and medical marketization in China have resulted in increased vulnerabilities to health and socioeconomic disparities among the rural migrant workers in urban China. In the Chinese context, the socioeconomic characteristics of rural migrant workers have attracted considerable research attention in the recent past years. However, to date, no previous studies have explored the association between the socioeconomic factors and social security among the rural migrant workers in urban China...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110734/socioeconomic-and-behavioural-determinants-of-malaria-among-the-migrants-in-gold-mining-rubber-and-oil-palm-plantation-areas-in-myanmar
#7
Htin Zaw Soe, Aung Thi, Ni Ni Aye
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major public health problem in Myanmar. Migrant populations are at high risk of contracting malaria and its control is more difficult than for settled population. Studies on malaria and migration are rare in Myanmar. This study was undertaken with the main objective of identifying socioeconomic and behavioural determinants of malaria among the migrant workers involved in gold mining, rubber and oil palm plantations. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted using pretested interview-administered questionnaires among internal migrants (n = 406) in the malaria endemic townships of Shwegyin, Bago Region, Thanbyuzayat, Mon State and Kawthaung, Taninthayi Region from August to November, 2015...
November 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098041/migration-stress-poor-mental-health-and-engagement-in-sex-with-high-risk-partners-a-mediation-modeling-analysis-of-data-from-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-china
#8
Bin Yu, Xinguang Chen, Yaqiong Yan, Jie Gong, Fang Li, Emily Robserson
Background: There is a growing need for better understanding of mechanisms underpinning the relationship between migration stress and HIV risk behaviors for the development of HIV prevention and control policy. Methods: Survey data from a random sample of 1,293 Chinese rural-to-urban migrants were analyzed. Stress was assessed using the Domestic Migration Stress Questionnaire (DMSQ), mental health status was assessed using the Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI), and having sex with high risk partners was assessed as if ever have had sex with high risk partners (e...
December 2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094674/quality-of-care-for-frail-older-persons-in-a-homecare-setting-what-is-it-and-how-can-it-be-measured
#9
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Adi Hannah Sela, Esther Iecovich, Hava Golander
BACKGROUND: As more older persons opt to age in place, there is a growing trend to hire migrant workers as live-in caregivers to care for them. This raises the need to examine the quality of care they receive within this unique care setting. The objective of this pilot study was to establish the components of quality of care as provided by migrant live-in caregivers. METHODS: We interviewed a convenience sample of older persons cared for by migrant live-in caregivers and their relatives...
November 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069252/stress-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-migrants-a-comprehensive-review
#10
Lineth H U Bustamante, Raphael O Cerqueira, Emilie Leclerc, Elisa Brietzke
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence supporting the association between migration and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Considering the growing population of migrants and the particularities of providing culturally sensitive mental health care for these persons, clinicians should be kept up to date with the latest information regarding this topic. The objective of this study was to critically review the literature regarding migration, trauma and PTSD, and mental health services. METHODS: The PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French, and indexed from inception to 2017...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062618/health-care-in-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-a-review-of-challenges-and-opportunities
#11
REVIEW
Tawfiq Khoja, Salman Rawaf, Waris Qidwai, David Rawaf, Kashmira Nanji, Aisha Hamad
This study was undertaken to review the health care status in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member states, and explore current challenges and future opportunities. Available data was acquired using databases including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. The data gathered was then combined and the expert authors in the field discussed and propose strategies to overcome the challenges. There is an increase in both population and health care needs of GCC States citizens and migrant workers. The huge emigrant population challenges the capability of the already limited available health care resources...
August 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048386/leveraging-the-domain-of-work-to-improve-migrant-health
#12
Michael A Flynn, Kolitha Wickramage
Work is a principal driver of current international migration, a primary social determinant of health, and a fundamental point of articulation between migrants and their host society. Efforts by international organizations to promote migrant health have traditionally focused on infectious diseases and access to healthcare, while international labor organizations have largely focused on issues of occupational health. The underutilization of the domain of work in addressing the health of migrants is truly a missed opportunity for influencing worker well-being and reducing societal economic burden...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034076/accessibility-to-health-services-among-migrant-workers-in-the-northeast-of-thailand
#13
Suprawee Khongthanachayopit, Wongsa Laohasiriwong
Background. There is an increasing trend of trans-border migration from neighboring countries to Thailand. According to human rights laws, everyone must have access to health services, even if they are from other nationalities.  However, a small minority of health personnel in Thailand discriminate against immigrant workers, as they are from a lower financial bracket. Methods. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence of accessibility to health services and factors associated with access to health services among migrant workers who work along the Northeast border of Thailand...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983808/alcohol-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-male-central-asian-labor-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-kazakhstan-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#15
Nabila El-Bassel, Phillip L Marotta
This paper examines the association between alcohol consumption and sexual risk behaviors (unprotected sex, multiple sex partners, sex under influence of drugs or alcohol and commercial sex) in a sample of Central Asian migrant and non-migrant laborers in the largest marketplace in Kazakhstan. We used data from The Silk Road Health Project, conducted from 2010 to 2013 with 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market workers. Participants were selected through respondent driven sampling at the Baraholka Market in Almaty, Kazakhstan...
October 5, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969998/the-experiences-of-burmese-healthcare-interpreters-iam-in-maternity-services-in-thailand
#16
Titaree Phanwichatkul, Elaine Burns, Pranee Liamputtong, Virginia Schmied
BACKGROUND: Interpreters (lam in Thai) have been employed in maternity services in Thailand due to increasing numbers of Burmese women migrating to Thailand. Access to healthcare interpreters is crucial for health professionals and Burmese migrant women using Thai maternity services but no studies have examined the role of the lam. AIM: This paper explores the role and experiences of healthcare interpreters (lam) working in Thailand. The perspectives of nurse-midwives and migrant Burmese women regarding the role of the lam are also included...
September 29, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966757/health-status-and-working-condition-of-migrant-workers-major-public-health-problems
#17
Abdulbari Bener
BACKGROUND: Very little research and survey have been performed on the occupational health, hazards, and working condition of urban and rural of workers in Qatar. The aim of the current study is to identify the health status, lifestyle condition, working-related problems, and accidents experienced by Indian subcontinental migrants (ISCM) in Qatar and their access to health-care facilities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of 1186 workers and study covering sociodemographic characteristics, medical conditions, and health-seeking behaviors and personal experience...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949873/a-human-rights-based-approach-to-farmworker-health-an-overarching-framework-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#18
Athena K Ramos
Migrant and seasonal workers have a right to the highest attainable standard of health. Unfortunately, these farmworkers face a multitude of challenges. They are employed in one of the most dangerous industries and face serious occupational health risks while positioned at the bottom of the social hierarchy. They often lack formal education and training, English language proficiency, legal status, access to information, and equitable opportunities to health and healthcare. This paper will explore the international human rights conventions that support farmworkers' right to health and healthcare in the United States...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938682/mental-health-of-the-old-and-new-generation-migrant-workers-in-china-who-are-at-greater-risk-for-psychological-distress
#19
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra S M Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Dong Jin, Chi-Yi Hu, Helen F K Chiu
Rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large vulnerable population in China and, recently, the new-generation MWs (those born in 1980 or later) have become the majority of this population. Examining difference in the epidemiology of poor mental health between the new- and old-generation (those born before 1980) MWs would facilitate mental health promotion efforts. However, very few related studies are available and they produced conflicting findings. This study investigated intergenerational difference in prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (PD) in MWs...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936632/children-of-migrants-the-cumulative-impact-of-parental-migration-on-children-s-education-and-health-outcomes-in-china
#20
Xin Meng, Chikako Yamauchi
Since the end of 1990s, approximately 160 million Chinese rural workers migrated to cities for work. Because of restrictions on migrant access to local health and education systems, many rural children are left behind in home villages to grow up without parental care. This article examines how exposure to cumulative parental migration affects children's health and education outcomes. Using the Rural-Urban Migration Survey in China (RUMiC) data, we measure the share of children's lifetime during which parents were away from home...
September 21, 2017: Demography
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