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migrant workers

Alissa Davis, Beth E Meyerson, Blessing Aghaulor, Katherine Brown, Adisyn Watson, Kathryn E Muessig, Ligang Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Increased trade between China and Uganda has fueled trafficking of female Ugandans into China. These women may face challenges accessing health services. This study focused on examining barriers to health care access among female Ugandan sex workers in China. METHODS: In 2014, we undertook in-depth interviews with 19 female Ugandan sex workers in Guangzhou, China. Interviews focused on barriers to health service access and were analyzed using an a priori coding framework followed by open-coding to capture emergent themes...
October 14, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Douglas S Massey, Jorge Durand, Karen A Pren
In this article we undertake a systematic analysis of why border enforcement backfired as a strategy of immigration control in the United States. We argue theoretically that border enforcement emerged as a policy response to a moral panic about the perceived threat of Latino immigration to the United States propounded by self-interested bureaucrats, politicians, and pundits who sought to mobilize political and material resources for their own benefit. The end result was a self-perpetuating cycle of rising enforcement and increased apprehensions that resulted in the militarization of the border in a way that was disconnected from the actual size of the undocumented flow...
March 2016: AJS; American Journal of Sociology
Guangyu Lu, Yaobao Liu, Claudia Beiersmann, Yu Feng, Jun Cao, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: China has made great progress in malaria control over the last century and now aims to eliminate malaria by 2020. In 2012, the country launched its 1-3-7 surveillance and response strategy for malaria elimination. The strategy involves to case reporting within 1 day, case investigation within 3 days, and focus investigation and public health actions within 7 days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the challenges in and lessons learned during the implementation of the 1-3-7 strategy in China so far...
October 5, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Xu-Can Zeng, Xiao-Dong Sun, Jian-Xiong Li, Meng-Ni Chen, Dao-Wei Deng, Cang-Lin Zhang, Zu-Rui Lin, Zi-You Zhou, Yao-Wu Zhou, Ya-Ming Yang, Sheng Zhou
BACKGROUND: This paper seeks to assess the function of malaria control consultation and service posts (MCCSPs) that are located on the border areas of Yunnan province, P.R. China, as a strategy for eliminating malaria among the mobile and migrant population in these areas. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analytical study was conducted. Blood smear examinations conducted at all MCCSPs in Yunnan from 2008 to 2014 were analysed. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 to understand how the MCCSPs function and to elucidate the quality of the blood smear examinations that they conduct...
October 4, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Wei Dai, Jian Gao, Jian Gong, Xiuping Xia, Hua Yang, Yao Shen, Jie Gu, Tianhao Wang, Yao Liu, Jing Zhou, Zhiping Shen, Shanzhu Zhu, Zhigang Pan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: BMC Public Health
Adrienne Lynne White, Thaw Htwe Min, Mechthild M Gross, Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Hla Hla Than, Thet Wai Zin, Marcus J Rijken, Gabie Hoogenboom, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: To evaluate a skilled birth attendant (SBA) training program in a neglected population on the Thai-Myanmar border, we used multiple methods to show that refugee and migrant health workers can be given effective training in their own environment to become SBAs and teachers of SBAs. The loss of SBAs through resettlement to third countries necessitated urgent training of available workers to meet local needs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: All results were obtained from student records of theory grades and clinical log books...
2016: PloS One
Paolo Durando, Sergio Garbarino, Andrea Orsi, Cristiano Alicino, Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Fabrizio Ciprani, Giuseppe Conte, Roberto Santorsa, Giancarlo Icardi
OBJECTIVES: Better knowledge about tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection (LTBI) epidemiology is a crucial step for the development of effective strategies towards the control and elimination of this deadliest and persistent health threat. No study has investigated LTBI epidemiology in policemen who act as an interface with cross-border migrants. METHODS: A survey to measure the LTBI prevalence and assess the demographic, professional and clinical features potentially associated with tuberculin skin test (TST) positivity was performed in Italian State Police (ISP) employees engaged, even occasionally, in relief activities, hospitality, photographical identification, escorting and accompanying of migrants, regardless of contact with active TB cases...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
L H Yang, Y L Xiao, B L Chen, H Q Tang, S J Lvqiu, G H Xia
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of occupational diseases and treatment implementation in migrant workers in Hunan, China, and to provide a scientific basis for related departments to develop preventive and treatment measures and social security system for migrant workers. Methods: A retrospective investigation was performed in 2015 to collect the information of occupational diseases in migrant workers, and age, type of work, type of occupational disease, and implementation of employment injury insurance for occupation diseases were analyzed...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Z H Sun, Z Z Wu, W M Dang, S W Wang, L Lin, H L Chu, J P Zhou, T H Zhou, S H Li, X Yu
Objective: To investigate the mental health status in migrant workers in a labor-intensive enterprise and related influencing factors. Methods: Typical sampling was used to perform an investigation in 910 migrant workers in a large foreign-funded labor-intensive enterprise in Shenzhen, China. All the respondents gave informed consent and completed the questionnaire independently and anonymously. The self-reported mental health status was evaluated using the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and General Health Questionnaire...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Lynn Murphy Michalopoulos, Nomagugu Ncube, Simona J Simona, Brian Kansankala, Emmanuel Sinkala, Jasmin Raidoo
Truck drivers are part of mobile populations which have been noted as a key population at risk of HIV in Zambia. This study was aimed at: (1) determining potentially traumatic events (PTEs), labour migrant-related stressors, psychosocial problems and HIV risk behaviours among truck drivers in Zambia; and (2) examining the relationship between PTEs, migrant-related stressors, psychosocial outcomes and HIV sexual risk behaviour among truck drivers in Zambia. We conducted 15 semi-structured interviews with purposively sampled male truck drivers at trucking companies in Lusaka, Zambia...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Sara A Quandt, Mark R Schulz, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
PURPOSE: Visual impairment presents significant risks for occupational injuries among farmworkers, a vulnerable population with limited access to vision care. Although previous research has noted farmworkers' low lifetime experience with vision screening and high rates of complaints of eye ailments and poor vision, there have been few screening data collected to evaluate these self-reports. The objectives of this analysis are to (1) describe farmworker visual health using standardized visual acuity screening data and self-reported visual function, and (2) to compare the screening and self-report data...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Corinna Klingler, Georg Marckmann
BACKGROUND: With Germany facing a shortage of doctors, hospitals have been increasingly recruiting physicians from abroad. Studies in other countries have shown that migrant physicians experience various difficulties in their work, which might impact the quality of patient care, physician job satisfaction, and, accordingly, retention. The experiences of migrant doctors in Germany have not been systematically studied so far and will likely differ from experiences migrant physicians make in other contexts...
2016: Human Resources for Health
Antje Lindenmeyer, Sabi Redwood, Laura Griffith, Zaheera Teladia, Jenny Phillimore
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the study were to explore the experiences of primary care professionals providing care to recent migrants in a superdiverse city and to elicit barriers and facilitators to meeting migrants' care needs. This paper focuses on a strong emergent theme: participants' descriptions and understandings of creating a fit between patients and practices. DESIGN: An exploratory, qualitative study based on the thematic analysis of semistructured interviews...
2016: BMJ Open
Nirmal Aryal, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Pratik Adhikary, Yadav Kumar Deo Bhatta, Stewart Mann
Approximately 3.5 million Nepalese are working as migrant workers in the Gulf countries, Malaysia, and India. Every year there are more than 1000 deaths and many hundreds cases of injuries among Nepalese workers in these countries excluding India. A postmortem examination of migrant workers is not carried out in most of these countries, and those with work-related injuries are often sent back to home. Uninsured migrant workers also do not have easy access to health care services in host countries due to the high medical and hospital fees...
September 14, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Erin R Hamilton, Jo Mhairi Hale
Historically, undocumented Mexican farm workers migrated circularly, leaving family behind in Mexico on short trips to the United States. Scholars have argued that border militarization has disrupted circular migration as the costs of crossing the border lead to longer stays, increased settlement, and changing transnational family practices. Yet, no study has explored changes in the transnational family structures of Mexico-U.S. migrants that span the era of border militarization. Using data from the National Agricultural Workers Survey, we document a dramatic shift away from transnational family life (as measured by location of residence of dependent children) among undocumented Mexican farm workers and a less dramatic shift among documented Mexican farm workers in the United States between 1993 and 2012...
October 2016: Demography
Hui-Shan Zhang, Yuan Li, Hai-Yun Mo, De-Xing Qiu, Jing Zhao, Jia-Li Luo, Wei-Quan Lin, Jia-Ji Wang, Pei-Xi Wang
BACKGROUND: Sleep quality has been widely studied among western countries. However, there is limited population-based evidence on insomnia in Chinese adult populations, especially in middle-aged and older adults. The aims of present study are to (1) examine the prevalence of poor sleep among Chinese middle-age and older adults, (2) compare the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) seven domain scores across different physical health statuses, (3) explore factors associated with insomnia...
September 12, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Antero Olakivi
Public care work organisations in Northern Europe often seek to increase their economic efficiency in ways that care workers criticise for reducing both their professional autonomy and the quality of care. Recently, the ideal of 'enterprising nursing' has emerged as a political belief according to which economic efficiency, care workers' autonomy and the quality of care can be improved in tandem by cultivating care workers' agential abilities. This article examines the reception of this belief among migrant care workers in Finland...
September 9, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
A Bechini, M Levi, A Falla, A Ahmad, I Veldhuijzen, E Tiscione, P Bonanni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic viral hepatitis is still a major public health concern in the EU. In order to halt the progression of the disease and to prevent onward transmission, timely recognition and accurate clinical management are crucial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the general practitioner (GP) in the screening of persons at risk and in the clinical management of chronic viral hepatitis patients in six EU countries. METHODS: An online survey among GPs and secondary-care specialists was conducted in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Hungary, Italy and Spain...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
Aaron S Miller, Henry C Lin, Chang-Berm Kang, Lawrence C Loh
Objective. For decades, Haitian migrant workers living in bateyes around La Romana, Dominican Republic, have been the focus of short-term volunteer medical groups from North America. To assist these efforts, this study aimed to characterize various health and social needs that could be addressed by volunteer groups. Design. Needs were assessed using semistructured interviews of community and professional informants, using a questionnaire based on a social determinants of health framework, and responses were qualitatively analysed for common themes...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
Jutarat Rakprasit, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Ayako Morita
This study examines healthcare use in 2011 for communicable diseases among migrant workers compared with Thai workers in Thailand. The relative risks (RRs) of 14 communicable diseases (803,817 cases between ages 18 and 59) were calculated using the National Epidemiological Surveillance System, a nationwide hospital database. Regarding the migrant workers, 71.0% were Burmese and 17.3% were Cambodians. Significantly high comparative RRs for migrant workers were found for tuberculosis (TB) (male, RR=1.41; female, RR=2...
August 29, 2016: Industrial Health
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