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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820683/malaria-in-the-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-in-china-a-twelve-year-surveillance-data-study
#1
Kangming Lin, Haiyan Wei, Weikang Jiang, Jun Li, Weiwei Zhang, Shujiao Wei, Yichao Yang, Yaming Huang, Xiangyang Feng, Hong Tu, Jun Feng
The incidence of an indigenous malaria, defined as malaria acquired by a local mosquito transmission, declined from 2004 to 2015 in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. However, imported malaria, defined as malaria acquired from other endemic regions outside of China, has been increasing in the region, as in the rest of the country, particularly the disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum. A retrospective study was conducted to explore malaria-endemic characteristics in Guangxi during the 2004-2015 timeframe; a total of 2,726 confirmed malaria cases were reported, and the majority (90...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#2
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809948/-when-i-first-saw-a-condom-i-was-frightened-a-qualitative-study-of-sexual-behavior-love-and-life-of-young-cross-border-migrants-in-urban-chiang-mai-thailand
#3
Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Veruree Manoyos, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Suwat Chariyalertsak
BACKGROUND: Many young migrant workers move across the border to Chiang Mai, a major city in Northern Thailand, in search of work opportunities. This study describes their sexual behavior, lifestyles, relationships and experiences with youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. METHODS: This is the qualitative arm of a mixed methods study using focus group discussions (FGDs) among young MWs aged 15-24 years in urban Chiang Mai. We conducted 6 FGDs with 84 participants (43 males, 41 females) organized in groups of 10-15 people, including 3 groups of males, 2 groups of females, and 1 group of both males and females...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803393/challenges-and-opportunities-for-occupational-epidemiology-in-the-twenty-first-century
#4
REVIEW
L T Stayner, J J Collins, Y L Guo, D Heederik, M Kogevinas, K Steenland, C Wesseling, P A Demers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are many opportunities and challenges for conducting occupational epidemiologic studies today. In this paper, we summarize the discussion of a symposium held at the Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference, Chicago 2014, on challenges for occupational epidemiology in the twenty-first century. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing number of publications and attendance at our conferences suggests that worldwide interest in occupational epidemiology has been growing...
August 12, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801409/what-is-the-prevalence-of-and-associations-with-forced-labour-experiences-among-male-migrants-from-dolakha-nepal-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-of-returnee-migrants
#5
Joelle Mak, Tanya Abramsky, Bandita Sijapati, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: Growing numbers of people are migrating outside their country for work, and many experience precarious conditions, which have been linked to poor physical and mental health. While international dialogue on human trafficking, forced labour and slavery increases, prevalence data of such experiences remain limited. METHODS: Men from Dolakha, Nepal, who had ever migrated outside of Nepal for work were interviewed on their experiences, from predeparture to return (n=194)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797235/polymorphisms-of-plasmodium-falciparum-k13-propeller-gene-among-migrant-workers-returning-to-henan-province-china-from-africa
#6
Chengyun Yang, Hongwei Zhang, Ruimin Zhou, Dan Qian, Ying Liu, Yuling Zhao, Suhua Li, Bianli Xu
BACKGROUND: Henan Province has been in the malaria elimination stage, with all reports of the disease being imported since 2012 and over 90% coming from Africa. Surveillance and population studies are essential for the early detection and subsequent prevention of the spread of drug resistance. The K13-propeller gene was recently identified as a proposed molecular marker of artemisinin (ART) resistance. In this study, we detected mutations of the K13-propeller gene in samples taken from imported malaria cases in Henan Province from 2012 to 2015...
August 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793378/the-intersection-of-culture-in-the-provision-of-dementia-care-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Joanne Brooke, Camille Cronin, Marlon Stiell, Omorogieva Ojo
AIM: To understand the intersection of healthcare professionals' and care workers' culture and their provision of person-centred care for people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Due to the nature of global immigration and recruitment strategies, healthcare is provided by a culturally diverse workforce. Consequently, there is a need to understand healthcare professionals' and care workers' cultural values of illness, disease and dementia. Cultural values and beliefs regarding dementia and care of the older person differ, and currently there is a lack of clarity regarding the intersection of culture in the provision of person-centred dementia care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777264/feasibility-acceptability-and-adherence-with-short-term-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-female-sexual-partners-of-migrant-miners-in-mozambique
#8
Maria Lahuerta, Allison Zerbe, Rachel Baggaley, Joana Falcao, Laurence Ahoua, Pietro DiMattei, Fernando Morales, Isaias Ramiro, Wafaa M El-Sadr
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) offers protection from HIV acquisition if taken as prescribed. We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability and adherence with short-term PrEP among female sexual partners of migrant miners in Mozambique. METHODS: HIV-negative female sexual partners of migrant miners were offered daily tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) for 6 weeks concurrent with miners' return home. Study visits occurred at baseline, Week 4, 6 and 8. Dried blood spots (DBS) were collected at Week 4 and 6...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764661/hiv-testing-week-2015-lowering-barriers-for-hiv-testing-among-high-risk-groups-in-amsterdam
#9
M Bartelsman, I K Joore, J E van Bergen, A A Hogewoning, F R Zuure, M G van Veen
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the HIV Testing Week (HTW) 2015 in Amsterdam: the number of (positive) tested persons, characteristics and testing history of the tested population, the differences in attendance per location and the healthcare workers' experiences and opinions concerning the HTW. METHODS: The HTW took place from 28 November till 4 December 2015. Anonymous HIV rapid testing (INSTI™ HIV1/HIV2 Ab test or Determine™ HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab test) was offered free of charge at four hospitals, 12 general practitioner (GP) clinics, a sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic, a laboratory, sites of a community-based organisation, and at outreach locations...
August 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759340/employers-perspective-on-childcare-services-for-hired-farm-workers
#10
Barbara C Lee, Marsha A Salzwedel, Po-Huang Chyou, Amy K Liebman
The goal of this project was to protect children while parents work in agriculture by improving off-farm services for children of migrant and seasonal farm workers. Large agricultural enterprises have policies forbidding children in the worksite. At the same time, their employees, who are trying to generate income, seek as many work hours as possible but often lack viable options for childcare services. As employers strive to increase their labor pool, and workers seek off-farm child care, there is mutual interest in improving access to child care services in agricultural regions dependent on large numbers of full-time and seasonal workers...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756817/an-integrated-healthcare-service-for-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-in-the-south-eastern-region-of-melbourne-monash-health-refugee-health-and-wellbeing
#11
Jacquie McBride, Andrew Block, Alana Russo
Asylum seekers and refugees generally have poorer health than the broader Australian population. However, these groups experience a range of barriers to accessing universal health services. Generalist and specialist refugee health services have been established in Australia to improve the health of humanitarian migrant groups. This article describes a refugee health service established in a high-settlement region of Melbourne, Australia, and explores clients' experiences with the service. Client feedback was captured through interviews (n=18) and surveys (n=159)...
July 31, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756413/migration-and-work-in-postwar-australia-mortality-profile-comparisons-between-australian-and-italian-workers-exposed-to-blue-asbestos-at-wittenoom
#12
Alison Reid, Enzo Merler, Susan Peters, Nimashi Jayasinghe, Vittoria Bressan, Peter Franklin, Fraser Brims, Nicholas H de Klerk, Arthur W Musk
OBJECTIVES: Three hundred and thirty thousand Italians arrived in Australia between 1945 and 1966, many on assisted passage schemes where the worker agreed to a 2-year unskilled employment contract. Italians were the largest of 52 migrant groups employed at the Wittenoom blue asbestos mining and milling operation. We compare mortality from asbestos-related diseases among Italian and Australian workers employed at Wittenoom. METHODS: A cohort of 6500 male workers was established from employment records and followed up at state and national mortality and cancer registries...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755191/tyrosinemia-type-i-in-japan-a-report-of-five-cases
#13
Kimitoshi Nakamura, Michinori Ito, Yosuke Shigematsu, Fumio Endo
Tyrosinemia type I in Japan was reported for the first time in 1957 by Sakai et al. (Jikei Med J 2:1-10, 1957) and Kitagawa et al. (Proc Jpn Acad Ser B 88:192-200, 1957). Five cases of patients with tyrosinemia type I were reported to be definitively diagnosed in Japan. The first case was reported by Sakai et al. and Kitagawa et al. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first definite report in the world. The second and third cases were those of a brother and a sister who underwent liver transplantation and who were the children of a Japanese-descent migrant worker; the fourth case was that of a girl who underwent liver transplantation after 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) treatment, which was reported by Hata et al...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752588/psychological-adjustment-and-behaviours-in-children-of-migrant-workers-in-china
#14
F Wang, X Zhou, T Hesketh
BACKGROUND: In China, there are around 274 million rural-urban migrants, an estimated 61 million children left behind in rural areas by parents, and 29 million children who accompany their parents to cities. The aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial adjustment and behaviours of left-behind children and migrant children. METHODS: Full data were available for 761 left-behind children and 1,392 migrant children aged 11 to 17 in Zhejiang Province, eastern China...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742987/caring-for-children-while-working-in-agriculture-the-perspective-of-farmworker-parents
#15
Amy K Liebman, Juliana Simmons, Marsha Salzwedel, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Barbara Lee
Access to safe, off-farm childcare is often a challenge for farmworkers with young children and is likely to become an increasingly salient barrier as more agricultural workers migrate together with families and as the number of women entering the agricultural workforce increases. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries, and the presence of young children in the workplace puts them at risk. To better understand the current nature of childcare for farmworker families and the challenges to accessing services, this project facilitated in-person surveys with 132 parents in three communities in Florida...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738467/-epidemiological-survey-of-prevalence-of-hiv-infection-syphilis-and-hepatitis-c-in-female-sex-workers-and-other-6-risk-populations-in-tibet-autonomous-region
#16
S Lu, Y Cui, W Guo, D M Li, J Sun
Objective: To understand the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis and hepatitis C and related behavioral factors in female sex workers (FSWs) and other 6 risk populations in Tibet Autonomous Region. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 000 FSWs, 200 men who have sex with men (MSM), 200 drug users, 1 200 male migrants, 5 600 young students, as well as hospital patients and pregnant women in Lhasa, Qamdo, Nyingchi, Xigaze Shannan, Ali and Nagqum from June to December 2015. Face to face interviews were conducted to collect their demographic and behavioral information, and blood samples were collected for the tests of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#17
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728529/islamic-influence-on-hiv-risk-and-protection-among-central-asian-male-migrant-workers-in-kazakhstan
#18
Stacey A Shaw, Tara McCrimmon, Gaukhar Mergenova, Alma Sultangaliyeva, Nabila El-Bassel
HIV incidence is increasing in Central Asia, where migrant workers experience risks for acquiring sexually transmitted HIV. As a social and structural factor that may influence perceptions and behavior, we examine how Islam shapes HIV risk and protection. Phenomenological qualitative interviews examine religion and contexts of HIV risk among 48 male Central Asian migrant workers residing in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Men described nonvaginal sex, alcohol use, premarital sex, and extramarital sex as forbidden or frowned upon...
August 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722485/characterization-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-asymptomatic-migrant-food-handlers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#19
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
Asymptomatic Salmonella carriers who work as food handlers pose food safety and public health risks, particularly during food preparation, and this has serious implications for the disease burden in society. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the number of Salmonella carriers in a migrant cohort in several food establishments in three major cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Sociodemographic data and stool samples were collected and analyzed using standard methods of detection and isolation. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of the positive samples were also performed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704143/north-carolina-state-agencies-working-to-prevent-agricultural-injuries-and-illnesses
#20
Ricky Langley, Anne Hirsch, Regina Cullen, John Allran, Renee Woody, Derrick Bell
Over the past 25 years, the North Carolina Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Consumer Services, and Health and Human Services have worked with farmers, farmworkers, commodity and trade associations, universities, and cooperative extension agents to develop programs to decrease the occurrence of injuries and illnesses among agricultural workers and their families. The Bureau of Agricultural Safety and Health in the North Carolina Department of Labor helped craft the Migrant Housing Act, created the Gold Star program, and developed numerous projects promoting rural highway safety and farm safety...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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