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migrant workers

Qin Liu, Xiao-Ling Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Han-Guo Xie, Qing Liu, Zhu-Yun Chen, Yao-Ying Lin, Hua Zheng, Jia-Xu Chen, Yi Zhang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is one of the most complex parasitic diseases known to humankind. It usually occurs in endemic areas in Africa, but is occasionally detected in returning travelers and migrants in non-endemic countries. CASE PRESENTATION: In August 2017, a case of HAT was diagnosed in China in a traveler returning from the Masai Mara area in Kenya and the Serengeti area in Tanzania. The traveler visited Africa from 23 July to 5 August, 2017...
May 21, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Mengyun Luo, Xueqin Jiang, Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Qiuming Shen, Rui Li, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: Despite reports of mental health issues, suicidality has not been closely examined among the migrant population. The association between induced abortion and suicidal ideation is unknown among unmarried female migrant workers of reproductive age in China. This study aims to examine induced abortion and suicidality among the Chinese migrant population. METHODS: We recruited 5115 unmarried female migrant workers during 2015 to 2016 from Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou, and collected demographic, psychosocial, reproductive and mental health information using structured questionnaires...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ruth C Chang, Katie Hail-Jares, Huang Zheng, Na He, Jennifer Z H Bouey
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how freelance street-based sex workers navigate condom use while soliciting. Traditional behavioural model may fail to account for the complex risk environment that most street-based sex workers work within. We examine first the association of self-efficacy and the infrequent condom use, then we investigated the roles of clients and venues frequented on this association. METHOD: Using a purposive chain-referral sampling method, we surveyed 248 street-based sex workers in Shanghai...
2018: PloS One
Tian-Cheng Li, Chien-Chi Chu, Fan-Cun Meng, Qin Li, Di Mo, Bin Li, Sang-Bing Tsai
Happiness is a major factor that influences people’s perceptions and behavior. Two-stage least squares regression was applied to investigate the effect of happiness on the psychological integration of migrant workers in China. The data for a total of 1625 individuals were obtained from the 2014 China Labor-force Dynamics Survey (CLDS). This study describes happiness from three main aspects: happiness, life satisfaction, and economic satisfaction. The psychological integration includes two dimensions of settlement willingness, and trust level; these have gone through dimension-reduced processing by using the weighted average method...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hannah Akuffo, Carlos Costa, Johan van Griensven, Sakib Burza, Javier Moreno, Mercè Herrero
Immunosuppression contributes significantly to the caseload of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). HIV coinfection, solid organ transplantation, malnutrition, and helminth infections are the most important immunosuppression-related factors. This review briefly describes the challenges of these associations. East Africa and the Indian subcontinent are the places where HIV imposes the highest burden in VL. In the highlands of Northern Ethiopia, migrant rural workers are at a greater risk of coinfection and malnutrition, while in India, HIV reduces the sustainability of a successful elimination programme...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Bontha V Babu, Yogita Sharma, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Muthusamy Sivakami, Dharmesh K Lal, Palaniappan Marimuthu, Jagjeevan B Geddam, Anoop Khanna, Monika Agarwal, Godi Sudhakar, Paramita Sengupta, Anjali Borhade, Zulfia Khan, Anna S Kerketta, Akoijam Brogen
The role of frontline health workers is crucial in strengthening primary health care in India. This paper reports on the extent of services provided by frontline health workers in migrants' experiences and perceptions of these services in 13 Indian cities. Cluster random sampling was used to sample 51 055 households for a quantitative survey through interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was sought on the receipt of health workers' services for general health care overall (from the head/other adult member of the household) and maternal and immunization services in particular (from mothers of children <2 years old)...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
Noor Afifah Ya'acob, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Irniza Rasdi, Anita Abd Rahman, Suriani Ismail
BACKGROUND: Work tasks in pineapple plantations in Malaysia are characterised by non-ergonomic work postures, repetitive tasks, awkward posture and manual handling of work tools that contribute to the reporting of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). There have been very limited studies performed among pineapple plantation workers focusing on ergonomic intervention programs to specifically reduce MSS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of work improvement module using a Kiken Yochi participatory approach intervention in reducing MSS among male migrant pineapple farm plantation workers in Pontian, Johor...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Daniel R du Plooy, Anthony Lyons, Emiko S Kashima
We examine the access that culturally diverse migrant groups in Australia have to different sources of social support and how this access, or lack thereof, is associated with psychological flourishing and distress. A national online survey was conducted with 1334 migrants in Australia, examining 11 different sources of social support, including family, friends, relationship partner, acquaintances, work colleagues, health professionals, government agencies, community organisations, religious groups, social groups and online groups...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Rahat Hussain, Akeem Pedro, Do Yeop Lee, Hai Chien Pham, Chan Sik Park
Despite substantial efforts to improve construction safety training, the accident rate of migrant workers is still high. One of the primary factors contributing to the inefficacy of training includes information delivery gaps during training sessions (knowledge-transfer). In addition, there is insufficient evidence that these training programs alone are effective enough to enable migrant workers to transfer their skills to jobsite (training-transfer). This research attempts to identify and evaluate additional interventions to improve the transfer of acquired knowledge to workplace...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Arianne Shahvisi
The U.K.'s National Health Service (NHS) is critically reliant on staff from overseas, which means that a sizeable number of U.K. healthcare professionals have received their training at the cost of other states, whose populations are urgently in need of healthcare professionals. At the same time, while healthcare is widely seen as a primary good, many migrants are unable to access the NHS without charge, and anti-immigration political trends are likely to further reduce that access. Both of these topics have received close attention in the global health ethics literature...
April 30, 2018: Bioethics
F Caffaro, M Micheletti Cremasco, G Bagagiolo, L Vigoroso, E Cavallo
OBJECTIVES: Migrant farmworkers report higher rates of work-related illnesses, injuries and fatalities compared with local workers. Language and cultural barriers represent a relevant source of risk, which can be reduced by means of targeted training interventions. However, very little evidence is available about the effectiveness of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) training programmes addressing migrant farmworkers. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a scoping review...
April 24, 2018: Public Health
Y N Cai, Y L Ma, H B Luo, M Y Xiao, J Niu, L J Song, X H Li, L R Fu, Z Y Zhang, Q H Dai, Y L Zhang, M H Jia
Objective: To understand the related risk behaviors, knowledge and status of HIV/AIDS infection among rural adults of Derung minority, to provide relevant messages for the development of HIV/AIDS intervention strategy in this minority group. Methods: We used system sampling method to conduct a cross-sectional survey in 6 administration villages of Derung Township, Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province, with a sample size estimated as 383. Adult residents with Derung minority in six villages of Gongshan County were involved, with relevant information collected through door-to-door visit...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Y Y Wang, C Y Han, W L Yu, H Wang, L Gong, L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the mental health status of female migrant workers in a city. Methods: From August to December, 2016, cluster random sampling was used to select female migrant workers aged 16-60 years from 10 districts of this city, and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and a questionnaire on general status were used. Results: Among these female migrant workers, the detection rates of obsessive-compulsion, hostility, and depression were 6.62%, 4.18%, and 4.10%, respectively. There was a significant difference in the detection rate of mental health issues between the female migrant workers from different districts, with different occupations, or with different education levels ( P <0...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Wenting Wang, Ren Chen, Ying Ma, Xuehui Sun, Xia Qin, Zhi Hu
BACKGROUND: There is a growing recognition of the need to provide HIV/AIDS prevention and care to migrant workers. Social involvement, a type of social capital, is considered a 'critical enabler' of effective HIV/AIDS prevention. Designated participation in formal community groups by the government (e.g., political parties) and informal, voluntary local networks by NGOs (e.g., alumni association, cultural & sports club) play different roles in HIV prevention. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of different types of social organizations on HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge among migrant workers...
April 25, 2018: Globalization and Health
Charamporn Holumyong, Kathleen Ford, Siriporn Sajjanand, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
The objective of this paper is to determine whether social support and acculturative stress were related to obtaining antenatal and postpartum care for pregnant female migrants, as well as access to health care for migrant children. The study utilized data of 987 migrant workers in Thailand who originated from hill tribes and mountain communities in Myanmar and Cambodia. Regression analysis showed that the language barrier, a crucial factor behind acculturative stress, adversely influenced access to maternal care...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Theodora Lam, Brenda S A Yeoh
The distinct feminization of labour migration in Southeast Asia - particularly in the migration of breadwinning mothers as domestic and care workers in gender-segmented global labour markets - has altered care arrangements, gender roles and practices, as well as family relationships within the household significantly. Such changes were experienced by both the migrating women and other left-behind members of the family, particularly 'substitute' carers such as left-behind husbands. During the women's absence from the home, householding strategies have to be reformulated when migrant women-as-mothers rewrite their roles (but often not their identities) through labour migration as productive workers who contribute to the well-being of their children via financial remittances and 'long-distance mothering', while left-behind fathers and/or other family members step up to assume some of the tasks vacated by the mother...
2018: Gender, Place and Culture: a Journal of Feminist Geography
Matthew V Emery, Robert J Stark, Tyler J Murchie, Spencer Elford, Henry P Schwarcz, Tracy L Prowse
OBJECTIVES: We obtained the oxygen and strontium isotope composition of teeth from Roman period (1st to 4th century CE) inhabitants buried in the Vagnari cemetery (Southern Italy), and present the first strontium isotope variation map of the Italian peninsula using previously published data sets and new strontium data. We test the hypothesis that the Vagnari population was predominantly composed of local individuals, instead of migrants originating from abroad. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the oxygen (18 O/16 O) and strontium (87 Sr/86 Sr) isotope composition of 43 teeth...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Jorge Sinval, Sonia Pasian, Cristina Queirós, João Marôco
The aim of this paper is to present a revision of international versions of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and to describe the psychometric properties of a Portuguese version of the UWES-9 developed simultaneously for Brazil and Portugal, the validity evidence related with the internal structure, namely, Dimensionality, measurement invariance between Brazil and Portugal, and Reliability of the scores. This is the first UWES version developed simultaneously for both countries, and it is an important instrument for understanding employees' work engagement in the organizations, allowing human resources departments to better use workforces, especially when they are migrants...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Y S Kusuma, S Kaushal, A B Sundari, B V Babu
OBJECTIVES: Childhood immunisation is one of the important public health interventions, and poor migrants are vulnerable to forego these services. The objective of the study is to understand the access of childhood immunisation services to the socio-economically disadvantaged migrants and the determinants of full immunisation uptake up to the age of 1 year. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, 458 migrant households with a child aged up to 2 years were identified...
March 27, 2018: Public Health
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