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migrant workers

Zhao Xiao-Dong, Han Du-Ju, Yu Qiu-Yan, Xu Shu-Hui
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of malaria reported in the malaria surveillance system in Jinan City from 2012 to 2016, so as to provide the evidence for improving the ability of diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of malaria. METHODS: The data of all reported malaria cases in the malaria surveillance system were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 2012 to 2016, 91 malaria cases were found in Jinan City, of which one patient died...
October 24, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Krongkaew Seesui, Kanokwan Imtawil, Phimphakon Chanetmahun, Porntip Laummaunwai, Thidarut Boonmars
Molecular techniques have been introduced for malaria diagnosis because they offer greater sensitivity and specificity than microscopic examinations. Therefore, DNA isolation methods have been developed for easy preparation and cost effectiveness. The present study described a simple protocol for Plasmodium DNA isolation from EDTA-whole blood. This study demonstrated that after heating infected blood samples with Tris-EDTA buffer and proteinase K solution, without isolation and purification steps, the supernatant can be used as a DNA template for amplification by PCR...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Sainan Lyu, Carol K H Hon, Albert P C Chan, Francis K W Wong, Arshad Ali Javed
In many countries, it is common practice to attract and employ ethnic minority (EM) or migrant workers in the construction industry. This primarily occurs in order to alleviate the labor shortage caused by an aging workforce with a lack of new entrants. Statistics show that EM construction workers are more likely to have occupational fatal and nonfatal injuries than their local counterparts; however, the mechanism underlying accidents and injuries in this vulnerable population has been rarely examined. This study aims to investigate relationships among safety climate, safety behavior, and safety outcomes for EM construction workers...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Norhidayu Sahimin, Benacer Douadi, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Jerzy M Behnke, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
The influx of low skilled workers from socioeconomically deprived neighbouring countries to Malaysia has raised concerns about the transmission of communicable gastrointestinal diseases such as giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis to the local population. Therefore, a cross sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of both diseases and the genetic diversity of these pathogens in the migrant population. Microscopic examination of faecal samples from 388 migrant workers involved in five working sectors were screened and 10...
March 1, 2018: Acta Tropica
Y Y Cao, W M Wang, H Y Zhou, G D Zhu, S Xu, Y P Gu, C Zhang, Y B Liu, J Cao
Objective: To understand the situation related to health seeking and diagnosis of imported malaria and to provide practical measures for malaria elimination in Jiangsu province. Methods: Data on imported malaria cases in Jiangsu province was retrieved in CISDCP from 2014 to 2016. Relevant information on health seeking behavior, diagnosis and treatment of the disease was gathered. Results: A total of 1 068 imported cases were reported in Jiangsu province from 2014 to 2016. Except for one malaria case that was caused by blood transfusion, the rest patients were all recognized as 'imported'...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Manjula Bhattarai, Jagat Bahadur Baniya, Nirmal Aryal, Bimal Shrestha, Ramanuj Rauniyar, Anurag Adhikari, Pratik Koirala, Pardip Kumar Oli, Ram Deo Pandit, David A Stein, Birendra Prasad Gupta
HBV and HCV infections are widespread among the HIV-infected individuals in Nepal. The goals of this study were to investigate the epidemiological profile and risk factors for acquiring HBV and/or HCV coinfection in disadvantaged HIV-positive population groups in Nepal. We conducted a retrospective study on blood samples from HIV-positive patients from the National Public Health Laboratory at Kathmandu to assay for HBsAg, HBeAg, and anti-HCV antibodies, HIV viral load, and CD4+ T cell count. Among 579 subjects, the prevalence of HIV-HBV, HIV-HCV, and HIV-HBV-HCV coinfections was 3...
2018: BioMed Research International
Armstrong Dzomba, Kaymarlin Govender, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Frank Tanser
BACKGROUND: In South Africa (home of the largest HIV epidemic globally), there are high levels of mobility. While studies produced in the recent past provide useful perspectives to the mobility-HIV risk linkage, systematic analyses are needed for in-depth understanding of the complex dynamics between mobility and HIV risk. We plan to undertake an evidence-based review of existing literature connecting mobility and increased risky sexual behavior as well as risk of HIV acquisition in South Africa...
February 27, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Wenxin Chai, Guanyang Zou, Jingrong Shi, Wen Chen, Xiao Gong, Xiaolin Wei, Li Ling
BACKGROUND: As a vulnerable population in China, migrant workers have a higher smoking rate than the general population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of a WHO-5A based comprehensive tobacco control program in workplaces aggregated with migrants. METHODS: Using a controlled before and after design, four purposely selected manufacturing factories were assigned to either intervention or control groups. Participants in the intervention arm received adapted 5A group counseling regularly supported by social-media and traditional health education approaches...
February 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
Zhang Tao, Xu Xian, Jiang Jing-Jing, Yu Chen, Tian Cui-Cui, Li Wei-Dong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria cases and investigate the influencing factors of severe cases in Anhui Province, so as to provide the evidence for improving the control strategy. METHODS: The epidemiological data of imported malaria cases in Anhui Province from January 1st, 2012 to April 18th, 2017 were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The imported malaria cases in Anhui Province were mainly young men of migrant workers...
September 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Jia Cong-Ying, Wang Wei-Ming, Yang Wen-Zhou, Gao Hong-Xia
OBJECTIVE: To understand the situation and epidemic characteristics of imported falciparum malaria in Huai'an City from 2010 to 2016, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the prevention and control strategies of imported falciparum malaria in the city. METHODS: The epidemic data of imported falciparum malaria in Huai'an City from 2010 to 2016 were analyzed by using the descriptive epidemiological method. RESULTS: A total of 308 malaria cases were reported in Huai'an City from 2010 to 2016 with the average annual incidence of 0...
July 28, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Samantha R Lattof
People working in Ghana's informal sector have low rates of enrolment in the publicly funded National Health Insurance Scheme. Informal sector workers, including migrant girls and women from northern Ghana working as head porters (kayayei), report challenges obtaining insurance and seeking formal health care. This article analyses how health insurance status affects kayayei migrants' care-seeking behaviours. This mixed-methods study involved surveying 625 migrants using respondent-driven sampling and conducting in-depth interviews with a sub-sample of 48 migrants...
February 15, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Thomas E Guadamuz, Michael C Clatts, Lloyd A Goldsamt
BACKGROUND: There is scarce research on male sex workers in the context of alcohol use. While heavy alcohol use has been established as a risk factor for HIV and STI infections among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who engage in sex work with other men, particularly from the Global South, have not been included in these studies. Moreover, studies among male sex workers in Asia often do not explore migration contexts of these men. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this exploratory study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of heavy alcohol use among migrant and non-migrant male sex workers in Bangkok and Pattaya, Central Thailand...
February 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Bina Fernandez
This paper investigates the healthcare needs, access to healthcare, and healthcare strategies of Ethiopian migrant domestic workers (MDWs) in Lebanon, drawing on qualitative empirical research. The analysis focusses on four types of health care needs: minor illnesses, pregnancies, serious illnesses (such as cancer, tuberculosis or heart problems), and emergencies (due to accidents, suicide attempts or assaults). Predictably, access to healthcare is distinctly differentiated according to an MDW's status as a documented, freelancer, or undocumented worker...
February 14, 2018: Health & Place
Duckhee Chae, Jina Lee, Keiko Asami, Hyunlye Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the experiences of public health workers (PHWs) providing health care for migrants living in Korea and clarified needs for cultural competence training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Twenty-six PHWs from five public health centers in Gwangju city, South Korea, participated in this exploratory qualitative study. METHODS: Five semi-structured focus group interviews of PHWs were conducted from September to December 2016. A directed content analysis approach was conducted using four categories: perceived characteristics of migrants, interaction between PHWs and migrants, interaction between PHWs and organizations/systems, and cultural competence training needs...
February 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Lynn Murphy Michalopoulos, Tina Jiwatram-Negron, Louisa Gilbert, Stacey A Shaw, Alyssa Brelsford, Assel Terlikbayeva, Sholpan Primbetova, Nabila El-Bassel
We examined potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and the relationship between PTEs and HIV risk behaviors among male market workers in Kazakhstan, comparing Kazakhstani to external migrants. Using respondent-driven sampling, participants were 1342 male marketplace workers in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Univariate, bivariate, and logistic regressions were conducted. We found high prevalence of PTEs among participants, and significant differences between PTEs and HIV risk by migrant status. Kazakhstanis reporting 1-2 or three-or-more traumatic events were more likely to report engaging in sex trading, compared to Kazakhstanis who reported no PTEs (OR = 3...
February 6, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
David Gillham, Anita De Bellis, Lily Xiao, Eileen Willis, Ann Harrington, Wendy Morey, Lesley Jeffers
BACKGROUND: Developed countries worldwide are facing an unprecedented demand for aged care services, with recent migrants of diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds increasingly recruited as care workers while at the same time there is growing cultural diversity among aged care residents. This situation is compounded by rapidly changing technology and varied educational levels of care workers from diverse backgrounds. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were threefold: to identify staff learning needs to enable them to provide high-quality cross-cultural care; to improve team cohesion; and identify preferred learning approaches...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Huizhong Shen, Yilin Chen, Armistead G Russell, Yongtao Hu, Guofeng Shen, Haofei Yu, Lucas R F Henneman, Muye Ru, Ye Huang, Qirui Zhong, Yuanchen Chen, Yufei Li, Yufei Zou, Eddy Y Zeng, Ruifang Fan, Shu Tao
In China, rural migrant workers (RMWs) are employed in urban workplaces but receive minimal resources and welfare. Their residential energy use mix (REM) and pollutant emission profiles are different from those of traditional urban (URs) and rural residents (RRs). Their migration towards urban areas plays an important role in shaping the magnitudes and spatial patterns of pollutant emissions, ambient PM2.5 (fine particulate matter with a diameter smaller than 2.5 μm) concentrations, and associated health impacts in both urban and rural areas...
February 2, 2018: Environment International
Sally C Moyce, Marc Schenker
In 2015, approximately 244 million people were transnational migrants, approximately half of whom were workers, often engaged in jobs that are hazardous to their health. They work for less pay, for longer hours, and in worse conditions than do nonmigrants and are often subject to human rights violations, abuse, human trafficking, and violence. Worldwide, immigrant workers have higher rates of adverse occupational exposures and working conditions, which lead to poor health outcomes, workplace injuries, and occupational fatalities...
January 24, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
Ran Abramitzky, Leah Boustan
The United States has long been perceived as a land of opportunity for immigrants. Yet, both in the past and today, US natives have expressed concern that immigrants fail to integrate into US society and lower wages for existing workers. This paper reviews the literatures on historical and contemporary migrant flows, yielding new insights on migrant selection, assimilation of immigrants into US economy and society, and the effect of immigration on the labor market.
December 2017: Journal of Economic Literature
Shira M Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border...
February 2, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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