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Involuntary hospitalization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531646/lifetime-presence-of-psychotic-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-less-favorable-socio-demographic-and-certain-clinical-features
#1
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Giulia Camuri, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Massimiliano Buoli, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder (BD) is considered a feature of higher severity of illness and, in particular, of manic episodes in bipolar I disorder (BD I). However, the possibility to apply the "with psychotic features" specifier to major depressive episodes in either bipolar II disorder (BD II) or BD I highlights the need for additional research in this area. METHODS: The present study assessed the lifetime presence of psychotic symptoms and related socio-demographic and clinical features in a large sample of BD patients (N=360), with (BDPs, N=207) and without a lifetime history of psychosis (BDNPs, N=153)...
April 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502245/involuntary-psychiatric-admissions-and-development-of-psychiatric-services-as-an-alternative-to-full-time-hospitalization-in-france
#2
Coralie Gandré, Jeanne Gervaix, Julien Thillard, Jean-Marc Macé, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Karine Chevreul
OBJECTIVE: The development of alternatives to full-time hospitalization in psychiatry is limited because consensus about the benefits of such alternatives is lacking. This study assessed whether the development of such alternatives in French psychiatric sectors was associated with a reduction in involuntary inpatient care, taking into account other factors that are potentially associated with involuntary admission. METHODS: Data on whether a patient had at least one involuntary full-time admission in 2012 were extracted from the French national discharge database for psychiatric care...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492576/-mental-capacity-and-capacity-to-consent-multicentric-study-in-a-involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalized-patients-sample
#3
Felice Carabellese, Gabriele Mandarelli, Donatella La Tegola, Giovanna Parmigiani, Stefano Ferracuti, Roberto Quartesan, Antonello Bellomo, Roberto Catanesi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this longitudinal observational study is to evaluate the course and impact of clinical, social, and behavioral variables on the involuntary readmission of psychiatric patients, during a 6-months follow-up after discharge from a prior involuntary hospitalization. METHODS: N=131 involuntarily committed psychiatric patients were enrolled in three university hospitals (Bari n=57; Perugia n=42; Rome n=32). At the first assessment cognitive functioning (MMSE), psychiatric symptoms severity (BPRS-E), capacity to consent to treatment (MacCAT-T) as well as principal socio-demographic and clinical variables were collected...
March 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476429/-hospitalization-in-french-forensic-units-results-of-a-patient-satisfaction-survey
#4
D de Labrouhe, L Plancke, A Amad, C-L Charrel, D Touitou, M Bodon-Bruzel, P Thomas, T Fovet
BACKGROUND: In France, special full-time inpatient hospital units (UHSA) have been created for inmates with psychiatric disorders. Since they were established in 2010, the quality of care in such units has not been studied. Particularly, no patient satisfaction survey has been conducted yet. The main objective of this study was to assess the patients' satisfaction about their hospitalization in UHSA. METHODS: A descriptive study has been performed in two hospitals (UHSA of Villejuif and UHSA of Lille-Seclin)...
May 2, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463820/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-agitation-in-newly-hospitalized-schizophrenia-patients-in-china-an-observational-survey
#5
Weifeng Mi, Suzhen Zhang, Qi Liu, Fude Yang, Yong Wang, Tao Li, Qiyi Mei, Hongbo He, Zhiyu Chen, Zhonghua Su, Tiebang Liu, Shiping Xie, Qingrong Tan, Jinbei Zhang, Congpei Zhang, Hong Sang, Wenhao Chen, Le Shi, Lingzhi Li, Ying Shi, Lihua Guo, Hongyan Zhang, Lin Lu
This multi-center observational study investigated the prevalence of agitation in newly hospitalized schizophrenia patients in China and its potential risk factors. It was performed in 2014 and covered 14 hospitals. Newly hospitalized patients with schizophrenia or suspected schizophrenia who met the diagnostic criteria of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision, were recruited. Agitation and related risk factors were evaluated by a questionnaire designed for the survey...
March 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431745/mental-health-care-in-athens-are-compulsory-admissions-in-greece-a-one-way-road
#6
Stelios Stylianidis, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Nektarios Drakonakis, Athanasios Douzenis, Aimilia Panagou, Kyriaki Tsikou, Amalia Pantazi, Yannis Rizavas, Benedetto Saraceno
Involuntary hospitalization has long been a contentious issue worldwide. In Greece, the frequency of compulsory admissions is assumed to be alarmingly high; however, no study has systematically investigated this issue. In line with this, the present study aims to estimate the frequency of compulsory admissions in a psychiatric hospital and to explore its underpinnings. All individuals who were admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital of Attica during June-October 2011 were included into the study. Information about their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as their previous contact with mental health services was obtained from interviewing the patient and his/her physician...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361740/association-between-adductor-pollicis-muscle-thickness-anthropometric-and-immunological-parameters-in-hiv-positive-patients
#7
Arthur Fernandes Cortez, Julio Cesar Tolentino, Rodrigo Moura Elarrat, Roberta Benitez Freitas Passos
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Involuntary weight loss and muscle mass loss among HIV-positive patients are only detectable in late stages, leading poor life quality. The reduction of adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) can be easily and earlier uncovered in those cases. The purpose was to estimate APMT and compare it with immunological and anthropometric parameters of HIV-infected people. METHODS: A crosssectional study was carried out in an University Hospital including 103 HIV-infected outpatients by subjective global assessment (SGA)...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303578/compulsory-community-and-involuntary-outpatient-treatment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Steve R Kisely, Leslie A Campbell, Richard O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) reduces health service use, or improves clinical outcome and social functioning. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (2003, 2008, 2012, 8 November 2013, 3 June 2016)...
March 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295856/factors-affecting-prolonged-length-of-stay-in-psychiatric-patients-in-japan-a-retrospective-observational-study
#9
Daisuke Shinjo, Hisateru Tachimori, Keiko Sakurai, Tetsu Ohnuma, Kenji Fujimori, Kiyohide Fushimi
AIM: Hospital length of stay (LOS) is one of the stratified measures of health-care efficiency and is commonly used to assess performance of psychiatric care. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for prolonged LOS of psychiatric patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed adult psychiatric patients (ICD-10; F00-F99) between April 2012 and March 2014 in the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. We examined factors affecting prolonged LOS using multivariable logistic regression analysis...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259634/determinants-of-compulsory-admissions-in-a-state-psychiatric-hospital-case-control-study
#10
Nair V Indu, K Vidhukumar, P S Sarma
OBJECTIVE: Compulsory admissions are against the patient's will and are presumably due to diverse reasons. There has been a rise in compulsory admissions world over. The objective of the study was to determine the risk factors for compulsory admissions in a state psychiatric hospital. METHODS: A case control study was conducted at the state psychiatric hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala. Cases were involuntary non-legal admissions while controls were voluntary admissions...
December 9, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#11
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252506/family-stress-and-coping-from-hospitalization-of-clients-with-severe-alcohol-use-disorder-in-korea
#12
Gyu-Hee Park, Yun-Jung Choi
The rate of relapse and involuntary hospitalization among clients with alcohol use disorder exceeds 40% in South Korea. As a result, family members of clients experience considerable stress and require the assistance of professional services. This empirical study investigates levels of perceived stress and stress coping styles among family members of clients with severe alcohol use disorder and examines the correlations among these variables. Data were collected from three inpatient alcohol rehabilitation centers and five psychiatric hospitals in South Korea...
January 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238221/acquisition-of-involuntary-spinal-locomotion-spinal-walking-in-dogs-with-irreversible-thoracolumbar-spinal-cord-lesion-81-dogs
#13
A Gallucci, L Dragone, M Menchetti, T Gagliardo, M Pietra, M Cardinali, G Gandini
BACKGROUND: Spinal walking (SW) is described as the acquisition of an involuntary motor function in paraplegic dogs and cats without pain perception affected by a thoracolumbar lesion. Whereas spinal locomotion is well described in cats that underwent training trials after experimental spinal cord resection, less consistent information is available for dogs. HYPOTHESIS: Paraplegic dogs affected by a thoracolumbar complete spinal cord lesion undergoing intensive physical rehabilitation could acquire an autonomous SW gait under field conditions...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219586/factors-associated-with-the-development-of-sarcopenia-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#14
M Yanishi, Y Kimura, H Tsukaguchi, Y Koito, H Taniguchi, T Mishima, Y Fukushima, M Sugi, H Kinoshita, T Matsuda
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is characterized by an involuntary loss of skeletal muscle mass, strength, and function. Previous studies suggest that it is generally associated with aging and chronic kidney diseases. The focus of this study was on the association between sarcopenia and pre-sarcopenia in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Fifty-one patients who underwent kidney transplantation at Kansai Medical University Hospital were enrolled, and their sarcopenia status was evaluated between April and July 2016...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#15
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212620/clinical-manifestations-of-severe-enterovirus-71-infection-and-early-assessment-in-a-southern-china-population
#16
Si-da Yang, Pei-Qing Li, Yi-Min Li, Wei Li, Wen-Ying Lai, Cui-Ping Zhu, Jian-Ping Tao, Li Deng, Hong-Sheng Liu, Wen-Cheng Ma, Jia-Ming Lu, Yan Hong, Yu-Ting Liang, Jun Shen, Dan-Dan Hu, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Yi Zhou, Min-Xiong Situ, Yan-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) shows a potential of rapid death, but the natural history of the infection is poorly known. This study aimed to examine the natural history of EV-A71 infection. METHODS: This was a prospective longitudinal observational study performed between January 1(st) and October 31(st), 2012, at three hospitals in Guangdong, China. Subjects with positive EV-A71 RNA laboratory test results were included. Disease progression was documented with MRI, autopsies, and follow-up...
February 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211556/occurrence-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patientsof-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#17
Jerzy A Sobański, Michał Skalski, Tomasz Gołąbek, Agata Świerkosz, Mikołaj Przydacz, Katarzyna Klasa, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr L Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the occurrence of selected lower urinary tract symptoms in the population of patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of occurrence, co-existence and severity of two selected lower urinary tract symptoms in 3,929 patients in a day hospital for neurotic disorders. The KO "O" symptom checklist was used to measure the study variables. RESULTS: Although the symptoms associated with micturition are not the most prevalent symptoms of neurotic disorders, neither are they the most typical ones, the prevalence of urinary frequency referring to the last week before psychotherapy evaluated among the patients of a day hospital, was approximately 50%...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199071/effect-of-antipsychotic-type-and-dose-changes-on-tardive-dyskinesia-and-parkinsonism-severity-in-patients-with-a-serious-mental-illness-the-cura%C3%A3-ao-extrapyramidal-syndromes-study-xii
#18
Charlotte L Mentzel, P Roberto Bakker, Jim van Os, Marjan Drukker, Glenn E Matroos, Hans W Hoek, Marina A J Tijssen, Peter N van Harten
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of current treatment recommendations for parkinsonism and tardive dyskinesia (TD) severity in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). METHODS: We present an 18-year prospective study including all 223 patients with SMI (as defined by the 1987 US National Institute of Mental Health, which were based on DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria) receiving care from the only psychiatric hospital of the former Netherlands Antilles. Eight clinical assessments (1992-2009) focused on movement disorders and medication use...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176638/personalized-medicine-and-adverse-drug-reactions-the-experience-of-an-italian-teaching-hospital
#19
Raffaele La Russa, Vittorio Fineschi, Mariantonia Di Sanzo, Vittorio Gatto, Alessandro Santurro, Gabriella Martini, Matteo Scopetti, Paola Frati
The personalized medicine is a model of medicine based on inherent difference given by the genetic heritage that characterizes us, diversity that can affect also our response to administered therapy. Nowadays, the term "adverse drug reaction" is identified with any harmful effect involuntary resulting from the use of a medicinal product; pharmacogenomics, in this field, has the aim to improve the drug response and to reduce the adverse reaction. We analyzed all reports of adverse reaction collected in the Pharmacovigilance Centre database of an Italian University Hospital, at the Sant'Andrea Hospital Sapienza University of Rome, in a period of two years...
February 7, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129306/sex-differences-in-psychiatric-hospitalizations-of-individuals-with-psychotic-disorders
#20
Inbal Shlomi Polachek, Adi Manor, Yael Baumfeld, Ashlesha Bagadia, Ari Polachek, Rael D Strous, Zipora Dolev
We aimed to evaluate the association between sex and hospitalization characteristics in psychotic disorders. We identified all acute hospitalizations, between 2010 and 2013, for psychotic disorders in patients younger than 45 and older than 55 years (n = 5411) in the hospital's database. In addition, we identified patients who were prescribed with intramuscular risperidone (n = 280) or clozapine (n = 192) at discharge. The results showed that women younger than 45 years had lower proportions of hospitalizations (33...
April 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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