Read by QxMD icon Read

Involuntary hospitalization

Mahlet Fikreyesus, Matiwos Soboka, Garumma Tolu Feyissa
BACKGROUND: Psychotic relapse leads to repeated hospitalization and negatively affects the clinical prognosis of the patients. Information on prevalence of relapse among patients with psychotic disorders in Ethiopian setting is scarce. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of relapse among patients with psychotic disorders attending services in Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). METHODS: Data were collected using interviewer administered questionnaire...
October 20, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Yi Wang, HongBin Liu, Peng Li, Wei Wang
A 40-year-old male who had a severe tremor, bradykinesia, and rigidity for 6 years underwent bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) at our hospital. The patient did not have any prior ischemia events or any risk factors in his medical history. Six and 9 months post-operation, this patient was admitted to the hospital twice for lower left limb involuntary twitching. Two magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed cerebral ischemia surrounding the implanted electrode. To our knowledge, this is the first case of recurrent cerebral ischemia associated with DBS...
October 15, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Seval Birdal, Burak Doğangün
AIM: Enuresis is defined as involuntary or intentional repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for a period of three consecutive months in children older than five years old. It is one of the most frequent chronic childhood disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of behavioural problems in children with enuresis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research compared 30 children aged between 7 and 11 years who had consulted to Bakırköy Prof...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Nensi Manuševa, Slavica Arsova, Silvana Markovska-Simoska, Antoni Novotni, Branislav Stefanovski, Marija Raleva
As psychiatrists, we are often obliged to provide non-consensual treatment. This institute comprises the rights of the patients with mental health disorders. The aim of this paper is to explain the contemporary mental health legislation in our country the Republic of Macedonia and the problems with the implementation of involuntary hospitalisation. This could be overcome with close cooperation between the judicial and health care system.
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
João Campos Mendes, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Graça Cardoso
This study aimed to establish the prescribing patterns of antipsychotics in acute psychiatric wards across Portugal, to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy and "high-doses" treatment, and to identify possible predictors. Twelve acute psychiatric inpatient units and 272 patients were included. The majority (87.5%) was treated with antipsychotics regardless of diagnosis, and 41.6% had at least two antipsychotics prescribed in combination. Age, use of depot antipsychotics, and antipsychotic "high-doses" were significant predictors of antipsychotic polypharmacy...
September 22, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Bekir Enes Demiryürek, Aslı Aksoy Gündogdu, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar, Aybala Neslihan Alagoz
Alien hand syndrome (AHS) is an involuntary and rare neurological disorder emerges at upper extremity. AHS is a disconnection syndrome with the symptoms of losing sense of agency and sense of ownership, and presence of involuntary autonomic motor activity. There are frontal, callosal and posterior types of AHS and each of them occurs depend on the lesions of different of the brain. Posterior variant is a rarely encountered AHS type compared to others. AHS, generally regarded as persistent, but rarely maybe observed as paroxysmal...
October 2016: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Yoshimitsu Maki, Hiroshi Takashima
Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is characterized by heterogeneous neurological symptoms. HE is diagnosed based on three criteria-the presence of antithyroid antibodies, neurological symptoms from the cerebrum and/or cerebellum, and a positive response to immunotherapy. We clinically analyzed 18 patients (3 men, 15 women; age range, 38-81years) diagnosed with HE in our hospital from May 2013 to January 2016. Eleven patients showed sensory abnormalities such as strong pain, deep muscle pain, dysesthesia, paresthesia, or neuralgia...
September 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
J Niimura, M Tanoue, M Nakanishi
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: A lack of transitional care covering the period from psychiatric hospital discharge to community mental health care can increase the likelihood of illness recurrence or readmission of discharged patients. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: The participants expressed the view that discontinuity between inpatient and community life was a post-discharge challenge after being involuntarily admitted to a psychiatric emergency ward. These challenges arose from the dissatisfaction with inpatient treatment, inability to coordinate post-discharge life WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Patients should be able to disclose their feelings about their own experiences in inpatient care settings and the current challenges in community care settings in an open manner...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Anthony C Waddimba, Melissa Scribani, Melinda A Hasbrouck, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins, John J May
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with resilience among medical professionals. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Administrative information from a rural health care network (1 academic medical center, 6 hospitals, 31 clinics, and 20 school health centers) was triangulated with self-report data from 308 respondents (response rate = 65.1 percent) to a 9/2013-1/2014 survey among practitioners serving a nine-county 5,600-square-mile area. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey comprising valid measures of resilience, practice meaningfulness, satisfaction, and risk/uncertainty intolerance, nested within a prospective, community-based project...
October 2016: Health Services Research
Michael P Hengartner, Silvia Passalacqua, Gisela Heim, Andreas Andreae, Wulf Rössler, Agnes von Wyl
PURPOSE: The aim of this post hoc analysis was to examine self-reported recovery following a post-discharge intervention and to focus on the moderators of this intervention programme. METHODS: RCT using parallel group block randomisation, including 151 patients with ≤3 hospitalisations within the last 3 years, a GAF score ≤60, and aged 18-64 years, assessed at two psychiatric hospitals from Zurich, Switzerland, between September 2011 and February 2014. In the present study, the main outcome was the OQ-45 as assessed prior to discharge from the index hospitalisation and at 12-month follow-up...
September 6, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Marie Angélique De Scheerder, Sylvie Rottey, An Mariman, Marleen Praet, Dirk Vogelaers
We describe a 43-year-old patient with subacute appearance of neurological and atypical complaints of anergia, anorexia and weight loss six months earlier. In spite of several admissions in different hospitals, no underlying somatic cause could be found and he was admitted to a psychiatric hospital with a tentative diagnosis of major depressive disorder. Subsequently, he was referred to the unit of medically unexplained physical symptoms within the department of general internal medicine for assessment by the psychiatrist, involved in this programme...
September 2, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Katharan D Cordell, Lonnie R Snowden
BACKGROUND: Children's Full Service Partnerships (FSP), created through California's Mental Health Services Act of 2004 are comprehensive treatment and support programs incorporating a wraparound model designed to serve undertreated families with children who have a serious emotional disturbance and are at risk for suicide, violence, residential instability, criminal justice involvement, or involuntary hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether FSP programs resulted in reduced crisis-related mental health emergency services (MHES) for the children they served...
August 30, 2016: Medical Care
Andrea Aguglia, Marta Moncalvo, Francesca Solia, Giuseppe Maina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of involuntary admissions with regard to seasonality and clinical associated features, in a sample of patients admitted to a psychiatric unit in a period of 24 months. METHODS: All subjects consecutively admitted to the Psychiatric Inpatient Unit of the San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano (University of Turin, Italy) from September 2013 to August 2015 were recruited. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Merih Altintas, Leman Inanc, Gamze Akcay Oruc, Selim Arpacioglu, Huseyin Gulec
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate synthetic cannabinoid (SC)-induced psychosis in terms of patient profile and clinical characteristics with reference to concurrently hospitalized schizophrenic patients. METHODS: A total of 81 male patients diagnosed with psychotic disorder induced by the use of SCs (n=50; mean (standard deviation [SD]) age: 25.9 (5.5) years) or with schizophrenia (n=31, mean (SD) age: 42.9 (11.6) years) based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, diagnosis criteria who were concurrently hospitalized at Erenköy Mental and Neurological Diseases Training and Research Hospital were included in this cross-sectional study...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Isabelle Kieber-Ospelt, Anastasia Theodoridou, Paul Hoff, Wolfram Kawohl, Erich Seifritz, Matthias Jaeger
BACKGROUND: The goal was to investigate the quality in terms of formal and content-based comprehensiveness of the forms for involuntary admission before and after the introduction of the new law (KESR, "Kindes- und Erwachsenenschutzrecht") for the regulation of involuntary admission. Moreover, the study aimed at assessing if the quality of the admission forms was associated with the professional qualifications of the professionals ordering them. Finally, the patients were characterized...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Blagovest Bechev, Nadya Magunska, Stefan Ivanov, Emil Kovachev
Genuine urinary stress incontinence (GUSI) is defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as involuntary loss of urine coincident with increased intra-abdominal pressure in the absence of a detrusor contraction or an over-distended bladder. If the patient demonstrates a cystocele secondary to a paravaginal defect, a paravaginal defect repair should be performed before the colposuspension. The laparoscopic retropubic colposuspension gained popularity because of its reported advantages of improved visualization, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and decreased blood loss...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Sara Campos, Francisco Portela, Paula Sousa, Carlos Sofia
BACKGROUND: Combination therapy, with anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents and immunomodulators, is the most effective option to induce and maintain remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Infliximab, with its administration features, determines particular conditions of adherence; the same is not possible with thiopurines. Nevertheless, research on adherence to these treatments is scarce. Nonadherence worsens the prognosis of IBD. AIM: (a) Assess adherence to immunomodulators and (b) determine therapeutic nonadherence predictors...
November 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Maria Chiu, Michael Lebenbaum, Alice M Newman, Juveria Zaheer, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the sociocultural determinants of mental illness at hospital presentation. Our objective was to examine ethnic differences in illness severity at hospital admission among Chinese, South Asian, and the general population living in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a large, population-based, cross-sectional study of psychiatric inpatients aged from 19 to 105 years who were discharged between 2006 and 2014. A total of 133,588 patients were classified as Chinese (n = 2,582), South Asian (n = 2,452), or the reference group (n = 128,554) using a validated surnames algorithm (specificity: 99...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Erich Flammer, Tilman Steinert
OBJECTIVE: In the German federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg, involuntary medication of psychiatric inpatients was illegal during eight months from July 2012 until February 2013. The authors examined whether the number and duration of mechanical coercive measures (seclusion and restraint) and the number and severity of violent incidents changed in this period. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of admission-related routine data collected in seven psychiatric hospitals in three time periods (period 1, July 2011-February 2012; period 2, July 2012-February 2013; and period 3, July 2013-February 2014)...
August 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Jennifer Weller, Gwen Levitt, Robert Myers, Aaron Riley, Celsius-Kit Gesmundo
Even in health care professions, a stigma remains for patients with co-occurring HIV and serious mental illness. Researchers at a large, urban medical center encountered this stigma when they attempted to initiate a study of cognition in psychiatric inpatients with and without HIV who were seen as vulnerable in the context of research. Education efforts and advocacy on the part of the research team was instrumental and resulted in system-wide changes in the hospital, including the addition of HIV testing to the psychiatric admission laboratory panel...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"