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Electro shock therapy

Patrick Seniuk
This paper argues that phenomenological insights regarding selfhood are relevant to the informed consent process in the treatment of depression using electro-convulsive therapy (ECT). One of the most significant side-effects associated with ECT is retrograde amnesia. Unfortunately, the current informed consent model does not adequately appreciate the full extent in which memory loss disturbs lived-experience. Through the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty, it is possible to appreciate the way in which memory loss affects a person's self-experience, with emphasis given to one's pre-reflective and embodied, relationship with things in the world...
February 13, 2018: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Djamel Bensmail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity causes significant long-term disability-burden, requiring comprehensive management. This review evaluates evidence from published systematic reviews of clinical trials for effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for improved spasticity outcomes. METHODS: Data sources: a literature search was conducted using medical and health science electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library) databases for published systematic reviews up to 15th June 2017...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Daniele Muser, Jackson J Liang, Pasquale Santangeli
Sudden cardiac death due to ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a major health issue in patients with structural heart disease and depressed ejection fraction. If from one side, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy has significantly improved survival of these patients, on the other hand, it has led to frequent ICD shocks as an emerging problem, being associated with poor quality of life, frequent hospitalizations and increased mortality. Scar-related re-entry due to the coexistence of surviving myocardial fibers within fibrotic tissue is the most common mechanism subtending VT both in ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathies...
August 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Vishal Luther, Nick W F Linton, Shahnaz Jamil-Copley, Michael Koa-Wing, Phang Boon Lim, Norman Qureshi, Fu Siong Ng, Sajad Hayat, Zachary Whinnett, D Wyn Davies, Nicholas S Peters, Prapa Kanagaratnam
BACKGROUND: Post-infarct ventricular tachycardia is associated with channels of surviving myocardium within scar characterized by fractionated and low-amplitude signals usually occurring late during sinus rhythm. Conventional automated algorithms for 3-dimensional electro-anatomic mapping cannot differentiate the delayed local signal of conduction within the scar from the initial far-field signal generated by surrounding healthy tissue. Ripple mapping displays every deflection of an electrogram, thereby providing fully informative activation sequences...
June 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Nikolaus B M Császár, Nicholas B Angstman, Stefan Milz, Christoph M Sprecher, Philippe Kobel, Mohamed Farhat, John P Furia, Christoph Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Conflicting reports in the literature have raised the question whether radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) devices and vibrating massage devices have similar energy signatures and, hence, cause similar bioeffects in treated tissues. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used laser fiber optic probe hydrophone (FOPH) measurements, high-speed imaging and x-ray film analysis to compare fundamental elements of the energy signatures of two rESWT devices (Swiss DolorClast; Electro Medical Systems, Nyon, Switzerland; D-Actor 200; Storz Medical, Tägerwillen, Switzerland) and a vibrating massage device (Vibracare; G5/General Physiotherapy, Inc...
2015: PloS One
N R Kieves, C S MacKay, K Adducci, S Rao, C Goh, R H Palmer, F M Duerr
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of shock wave therapy (SWT) on radiographic evidence of bone healing after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). METHODS: Healthy dogs between two to nine years of age that underwent TPLO were randomly assigned to receive either electro-hydraulic SWT (1,000 shocks) or sham treatment (SHAM). Treatment or SHAM was administered to the osteotomy site immediately postoperatively and two weeks postoperatively. Three blinded radiologists evaluated orthogonal radiographs performed eight weeks postoperatively with both a 5-point and a 10-point bone healing scale...
2015: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Kai-Uwe Schlaudraff, Maren C Kiessling, Nikolaus Bm Császár, Christoph Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been successfully introduced for the treatment of cellulite in recent years. However, it is still unknown whether the individual clinical outcome of cellulite treatment with extracorporeal shock wave therapy can be predicted by the patient's individual cellulite grade at baseline, individual patient age, body mass index (BMI), weight, and/or height. METHODS: Fourteen Caucasian females with cellulite were enrolled in a prospective, single-center, randomized, open-label Phase II study...
2014: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
R Padua, R Bondì, E Ceccarelli, S Ripanti, L Bondì, A Campi
Over the past few years, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been introduced for the treatment of some orthopedic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of ESWT on chronic calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder through a prospective study. We studied 30 patients (mean age, 56.6 years) with chronic calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder. The patients were treated for a mean of 6 sessions, with 1400 impulses for each session. We used the new device Electro Medical Systems-Swiss Dolorclast (Electro Medical Systems, Nyon, Switzerland), which emits radial expanded shock waves, pneumatically generated...
June 2002: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jian-Bo Yu, Yu Jianbo, Shu-An Dong, Dong Shuan, Xiao-Qing Luo, Luo Xiaoqing, Li-Rong Gong, Gong Lirong, Yuan Zhang, Zhang Yuan, Man Wang, Wang Man, Xin-Shun Cao, Cao Xinshun, Da-Quan Liu, Liu Daquan
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 has been reported to play a great role in attenuating lung injury during endotoxic shock in our previous research. Although electro-acupuncture has been explored to reduce oxidative stress and decrease inflammatory reaction in animals with endotoxic shock, the mechanism of this effect is still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether HO-1 is involved in the effect of electro-acupuncture on the injured lung during endotoxic shock in rabbits. Sixty New England white rabbits were randomly divided into groups C, Z, ES, EA, AP, and EAZ...
June 2013: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Ike C dela Peña, Seo Young Yoon, Yeni Kim, Haeil Park, Kyeong Man Kim, Jong Hoon Ryu, Chan Young Shin, Jae Hoon Cheong
Oroxylin A, a major flavonoid in Scutellaria baicalensis, has been shown to alleviate attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like behaviors in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model of ADHD. As part of our continuing effort to discover effective ADHD drug candidates, we synthesized a number of oroxylin A derivatives and characterized their biological activities. Among all oroxylin A analogs, compound 7-7 (5,7-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-4'-phenoxyflavone) showed the most remarkable inhibition of dopamine reuptake alike methylphenidate, a dopamine transporter (DAT) blocker and typical drug for ADHD, and oroxylin A...
September 5, 2013: European Journal of Pharmacology
August Heidland, Gholamreza Fazeli, André Klassen, Katarina Sebekova, Hans Hennemann, Udo Bahner, Biagio Di Iorio
Application of electricity for pain treatment dates back to thousands of years BC. The Ancient Egyptians and later the Greeks and Romans recognized that electrical fishes are capable of generating electric shocks for relief of pain. In the 18th and 19th centuries these natural producers of electricity were replaced by man-made electrical devices. This happened in following phases. The first was the application of static electrical currents (called Franklinism), which was produced by a friction generator. Christian Kratzenstein was the first to apply it medically, followed shortly by Benjamin Franklin...
January 2013: Clinical Nephrology
Shuguang Zeng, Qicai Liu, Suwen Wang, Ximao Peng, Jincai Zhang, Jiren Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effection of suppression murine melanoma growth by Intratumor injection of recombinant attenuated salmonella carrying heat shock protein 70 and herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase genes. METHODS: Plasmids PCMV-mtHSP70-IRES-TK were electro-transferred into salmonella typhimurium SL7207 to construct recombinant salmonella typhimurium. In vivo, Recombinant bacteria were injected into the mouse melanoma and the antitumor effection was observed...
January 2012: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
M J Dejongste, R W Hautvast, M H Ruiters, G J Ter Horst
For more than a decade, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been used as an adjuvant treatment for patients who are unresponsive to conventional therapies for angina pectoris. Many studies showed that SCS has both electro-analgesic and anti-ischemic effects. Nonetheless, the biological substrates by which SCS acts have not yet been unraveled, although recently areas in the brain have been described that show changes in blood flow, following SCS, and during provocation of angina. In search of a putative mechanism of action of SCS, we hypothesized that SCS affects processing of nociceptive information within the central nervous system (CNS)...
April 1998: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
S B Chatterjee, E Mohammed
A double blind study of one hundred twenty patients ( ninety schizophrenics and thirty depressives )-who were divided equally into three groups, who received either (a) bilateral ECT or (b) unilateral application of electrodes on non-dominant hemisphere or (c) unilateral on dominant hemisphere was conducted. The three groups were compared regarding efficacy of the therapy, effects on memory, speed of recovery from each shock session and lastly changes in the electro-encephalogram.It was found that all the three techniques were more or less equal in therapeutic efficacy...
April 1980: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Hwan-Wun Liu, Mou-Chuan Liu, Cheng-Ming Tsao, Mei-Hui Liao, Chin-Chen Wu
BACKGROUND: Intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates macrophages to release proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO). This results in hypotension, vascular hyporeactivity and multiple organ failure (eg, liver injury) in rats. In rats with endotoxin shock, electro-acupuncture (EA) of 'Neiguan' (PC6) retrieved blood pressure and reduced plasma concentrations of NO. The authors evaluated whether EA at PC6 could alleviate the development of liver injury and dysfunction in endotoxic rats...
December 2011: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Alessandro Aruta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2011: Medical History
Qi Wang, Zhong-li Li, Yang-mu Fu, Zhi-gang Wang, Min Wei, Bin Zhao, Li Zhang, Juan-li Zhu
BACKGROUND: Microfracture is a type of bone marrow stimulation in arthroscopic cartilage repair. However, the overall concentration of the mesenchymal stem cells is quite low and declines with age, and in the end the lesion is filled by fibrocartilage. The aim of this research was to investigate a novel method of enhancing microfracture by determining whether low-energy shock waves in microfracture holes would facilitate cartilage repair in a rabbit model. METHODS: Full-thickness cartilage defects were created at the medial femoral condyle of 36 mature New Zealand white rabbits without penetrating subchondral bone...
May 2011: Chinese Medical Journal
Hiroki Sato, Ivan Skelin, Mirko Diksic
It has been suggested that 5-HT (serotonin; 5-hydroxytryptamine) and/or the norepinephrine receptor adaptive processes in the brain are the basis for the efficacy of antidepressant treatments, including electro-convulsive shock therapy. In the present study, the effect of acute (10mg/kg; i.p. injection) and chronic (10mg/kg/day; delivered by subcutaneous mini-pump) desipramine treatments on regional 5-HT synthesis were evaluated in the Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL; "depressed" rats), as well as the control Flinders Resistant Line (FRL), of rats, using α-[(14)C]methyl-l-tryptophan autoradiography...
June 2011: Neurochemistry International
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1946: Diseases of the Nervous System
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1946: Diseases of the Nervous System
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