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Geriatric mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932652/psychosocial-treatment-options-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-older-adults
#1
Brenna N Renn, Patricia A Areán
Late-life depression (LLD) is a public health concern with deleterious effects on overall health, cognition, quality of life, and mortality. Although LLD is relatively common, it is not a normal part of aging and is often under-recognized in older adults. However, psychotherapy is an effective treatment for LLD that aligns with many patients' preferences and can improve health and functioning. This review synthesized the current literature on evidence-based psychotherapies for the treatment of depression in older adults...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927470/validating-a-single-question-depression-measure-among-older-adults
#2
Kyung-Duk Min, Heeran Chun, Il-Ho Kim, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: A single-item depression measure may not be adequate in capturing the complex entity of mental health, despite wide use of this indicator in community studies. This study evaluated the accuracy of a single-question depression measure in comparison to two composite indices-the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 800 elderly participants ranging from 60 to 89 years of age and residing in Seoul were recruited using a multistage sampling scheme in 2015...
September 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922625/living-and-dying-with-advanced-dementia-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-symptoms-service-use-and-care-at-the-end-of-life
#3
Elizabeth L Sampson, Bridget Candy, Sarah Davis, Anna Buylova Gola, Jane Harrington, Michael King, Nuriye Kupeli, Gerry Leavey, Kirsten Moore, Irwin Nazareth, Rumana Z Omar, Victoria Vickerstaff, Louise Jones
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of people are dying with advanced dementia. Comfort and quality of life are key goals of care. AIMS: To describe (1) physical and psychological symptoms, (2) health and social care service utilisation and (3) care at end of life in people with advanced dementia. DESIGN: 9-month prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Greater London, England, people with advanced dementia (Functional Assessment Staging Scale 6e and above) from 14 nursing homes or their own homes...
August 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#4
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918171/the-association-between-delirium-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-to-acute-geriatrics-units-results-from-the-glisten-multicenter-observational-study
#5
Giuseppe Bellelli, Antonella Zambon, Stefano Volpato, Pasquale Abete, Lara Bianchi, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, studies assessing the relationship between sarcopenia and delirium, two of the most common geriatric syndromes, are lacking. We sought to explore this association by investigating the co-occurrence of these two conditions and the independent association between them in a population of hospitalized older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter analysis of older adults consecutively admitted to 12 acute geriatric units (AGUs). Sarcopenia was assessed upon admission by evaluating the presence of low skeletal mass index (kg/m(2)), and either low handgrip strength or low walking speed (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, EWGSOP criteria)...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917505/association-of-self-reported-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-in-older-chinese-americans
#6
Lydia W Li, Gilbert C Gee, XinQi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examines racial discrimination as a potential novel risk factor for suicide ideation among older Chinese Americans. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis, this study drew on data collected in the Population-based Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago on Chinese older adults age 60 + in the Greater Chicago area (N = 3,157). Thirty-day suicide ideation was a dichotomous variable, derived from items of the Physical Health Questionnaire and the Geriatric Mental State Examination-Version A...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#7
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906363/predictors-of-noninstitutionalized-survival-1-year-after-hip-fracture-a-prospective-observational-study-to-develop-the-marburg-rehabilitation-tool-for-hip-fractures-marthi
#8
Benjamin Buecking, Daphne Eschbach, Matthias Knobe, Ludwig Oberkircher, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer, Richard Dodel, Robert Sielski, Bettina Doering, Steffen Ruchholtz, Christopher Bliemel
Hip fractures are frequent fractures in geriatric patients. These fractures have great socioeconomic implications because of the significantly higher risk of mortality and institutionalization. The aim of this study was to develop a prognostic tool to predict survival without institutionalization within 1 year after hip fracture.A total of 402 hip fracture patients aged >60 years (84% community-dwelling) were included in a prospective observational cohort study. Multiple regression analyses determined independent predictors for noninstitutionalized 1-year survival...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880438/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-older-adults-with-depression
#9
Ning Li, Gong Chen, Ping Zeng, Jing Pang, Huan Gong, Yiwen Han, Yan Zhang, Enyi Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are common among older adults. Most of the existing studies were carried out in developed countries, and evidence from developing countries are lacking. In the present study, using a national sample, we aimed to describe the prevalence of MCI and its associated factors among Chinese older adults with depression. METHOD: The present study uses data from a national survey of the 2011 Comprehensive Assessment of Elderly Health, which involved 8113 older adults from eight provinces or municipalities directly under the Central Government of six regions in China...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880346/-rom-for-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-outcomes-on-the-honos-65-in-various-diagnostic-groups
#10
M L M Hermens, M A Nugter, N Mooij, A W Hoogendoorn, G E van Son, S Robbers, M M van Bueren, A T F Beekman, J Theunissen
Routine outcome monitoring (rom) provides us with opportunities to study treatment outcome in daily clinical practice and to learn from the results.<br/> AIM: To assess the changes that occur in the psychological and social functioning of patients in geriatric psychiatry who are suffering from substance dependence, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, psychotic disorder, or personality disorder.<br/> METHOD: We analysed data relating to 1,810 patients (aged 60-101) from nine mental health care organisations that together form SynQuest cv...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873826/technology-for-early-detection-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-people
#11
Jacob A Andrews, Arlene J Astell, Laura J E Brown, Robert F Harrison, Mark S Hawley
Under-diagnosis of depression and anxiety is common in older adults. This project took a mixed methods approach to explore the application of machine learning and technology for early detection of these conditions. Mood measures collected with digital technologies were used to predict depression and anxiety status according to the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Interactive group activities and interviews were used to explore views of older adults and healthcare professionals on this approach respectively...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858265/spatial-variability-of-geriatric-depression-risk-in-a-high-density-city-a-data-driven-socio-environmental-vulnerability-mapping-approach
#12
Hung Chak Ho, Kevin Ka-Lun Lau, Ruby Yu, Dan Wang, Jean Woo, Timothy Chi Yui Kwok, Edward Ng
Previous studies found a relationship between geriatric depression and social deprivation. However, most studies did not include environmental factors in the statistical models, introducing a bias to estimate geriatric depression risk because the urban environment was found to have significant associations with mental health. We developed a cross-sectional study with a binomial logistic regression to examine the geriatric depression risk of a high-density city based on five social vulnerability factors and four environmental measures...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851471/a-systematic-evaluation-of-impulsive-aggressive-behavior-in-psychogeriatric-inpatients-using-the-staff-observation-aggression-scale-revision-soas-r
#13
Myrella Paschali, Daniel Kamp, Claudia Reichmann, Michaela Jaenner, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Tillmann Supprian
BACKGROUND: Impulsive-aggressive behavior is a significant challenge in geriatric psychiatry and requires professional evaluation and management. METHODS: SOAS-R scales (Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revision) completed by medical staff on three secure psychiatric wards were analyzed during a period of 12 months. Patients were subdivided into the following two diagnostic subgroups: dementia and other diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 146 aggressive incidents involving 66 patients were reported (8...
August 30, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826743/foot-disorders-in-the-elderly-a-mini-review
#14
David Rodríguez-Sanz, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Daniel López-López, Patricia Palomo-López, Carlos Romero-Morales, Emmanuel Navarro-Flores, César Calvo-Lobo
Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care...
August 18, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819693/the-mindmap-project-mental-well-being-in-urban-environments-design-and-first-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-on-healthcare-planning-policies-strategies-and-programmes-that-address-mental-health-promotion-and-mental-disorder-prevention-for-older-people-in-europe
#15
REVIEW
L Neumann, U Dapp, W Jacobsen, F van Lenthe, W von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND: The MINDMAP consortium (2016-2019) aims to identify opportunities provided by the urban environment for the promotion of mental well-being and functioning of older people in Europe by bringing together European cities with urban longitudinal ageing studies: GLOBE, HAPIEE, HUNT, LASA, LUCAS, RECORD, Rotterdam Study, Turin Study. A survey on mental healthcare planning policies and programmes dedicated to older persons covering the range from health promotion to need of nursing care was performed for profound data interpretation in Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kaunas, Krakow, London, Nord-Trøndelag, Paris, Prague, Rotterdam and Turin...
August 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812372/factors-associated-with-depression-detection-in-a-new-hampshire-mental-health-outreach-program
#16
Angela R Ghesquiere, Renee Pepin, Jennifer Kinsey, Stephen J Bartels, Martha L Bruce
OBJECTIVES: For mental health outreach programs for older adults, accurately detecting depression is key to quality service provision. Multiple factors, including gender, cognitive impairment, or recent bereavement may affect depression detection, but this is under-studied. Therefore, we sought to both establish rates of depressive symptom detection and to examine factors associated with inaccuracies of detecting depression among participants in a mental health outreach program serving older adults...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810417/outdoor-group-activity-depression-and-subjective-well-being-among-retirees-of-china-the-mediating-role-of-meaning-in-life
#17
Zhen Zhang
This study examined the effect of outdoor group activity on mental health and the potential mediating effect of meaning in life. Participants were 559 retired people. A self-developed questionnaire measured outdoor group activity; the Meaning in Life Scale, the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression assessed meaning in life, subjective well-being, and depression, respectively. Results indicated outdoor group activity significantly predicted subjective well-being and depression; meaning in life fully mediated the relationship between outdoor group activity and subjective well-being and partially mediated the relationship between outdoor group activity and depression...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806342/cognitive-abilities-and-quality-of-life-after-cochlear-implantation-in-the-elderly
#18
Marie-Hortense Sonnet, Bettina Montaut-Verient, Jean-Yves Niemier, Michel Hoen, Laurence Ribeyre, Cécile Parietti-Winkler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life (QoL) and cognitive function in elderly patients with cochlear implants relative to auditory improvement, using geriatric validated scales. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center for cochlear implantation (CI) and a geriatric center in Nancy, France. PATIENTS: Sixteen consecutive patients were included, from 65 to 80 years old, with postlingual severe-to-profound deafness...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802118/associations-of-relative-deprivation-and-income-rank-with-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-in-japan
#19
Krisztina Gero, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Kokoro Shirai, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Income is hypothesized to affect health not just through material pathways (i.e., the ability to purchase health-enhancing goods) but also through psychosocial pathways (e.g., social comparisons with others). Two concepts relevant to the psychosocial effects of income are: relative deprivation (for example expressed by the Yitzhaki Index, measuring the magnitude of difference in income among individuals) and Income Rank. This study examined whether higher relative deprivation and lower income rank are associated with depressive symptoms in an older population independently of absolute income...
August 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793114/elderly-who-take-care-of-elderly-a-study-on-the-frailty-syndrome
#20
Ariene Angelini Dos Santos-Orlandi, Tábatta Renata Pereira de Brito, Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Estefani Serafim Rossetti, Marisa Silvana Zazzetta, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini
Objective: Identifying prevalence of frailty in elderly caregivers inserted in a high social vulnerability context and its correlation with sociodemographic and health aspects. Method: Descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study. Forty elderly caregivers were evaluated with: questionnaire for caregiver characterization, Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index, Lawton instrumental activities of daily living scale, Geriatric Depression Scale and the frailty phenotype proposed by Fried...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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