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Geriatric mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#1
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769035/does-life-story-work-improve-psychosocial-well-being-for-older-adults-in-the-community-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Claudia K Y Lai, Ayumi Igarashi, Clare T K Yu, Kenny C W Chin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that life story work has positive effects when used on older adults. This study aimed to examine the effect of life story work on the general mental well-being, self-esteem, and life satisfaction of older adults by comparing two groups - one with and one without depressive symptoms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was adopted in this study. One hundred and twenty-three adults aged 60 or above were recruited from community centers through convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761827/factors-related-to-dissociation-between-objective-and-subjective-masticatory-function-in-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly-adults
#3
Murakami Masaharu, Yutaka Watanabe, Edahiro Ayako, Yuki Ohara, Obuchi Shuichi, Kawai Hisashi, Hunkyung Kim, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Ihara Kazushige, Murakami Masato, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians' evaluations of older adults sometimes reveal inconsistencies between objective and subjective dental status. This study investigated which factors contribute both to good objective masticatory function (OMF) and the poor subjective masticatory function (SMF) that often becomes a clinical issue. METHODS: Study participants included 635 elderly community-dwelling Japanese adults who underwent a comprehensive geriatric health examination in 2012...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760025/association-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-with-quality-of-primary-care
#4
Alan Katz, Dan Chateau, Jennifer E Enns, Jeff Valdivia, Carole Taylor, Randy Walld, Scott McCulloch
PURPOSE: In primary care, there is increasing recognition of the difficulty of treating patients' immediate health concerns when their overall well-being is shaped by underlying social determinants of health. We assessed the association of social complexity factors with the quality of care patients received in primary care settings. METHODS: Eleven social complexity factors were defined using administrative data on poverty, mental health, newcomer status, and justice system involvement from the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738900/multimorbidity-patterns-and-associations-with-functional-limitations-among-an-aging-population-in-prison
#5
Madison L Gates, Elizabeth G Hunter, Vivian Dicks, Peace N Jessa, Veronica Walker, Wonsuk Yoo
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring chronic diseases are associated with functional limitations, particularly for the aging population ≥50 years old. Aging offenders (individual who are imprisoned) tend to have greater prevalence of chronic, mental health, and substance use disorders compared to non-imprisoned populations. Our primary aim was to determine patterns of co-occurring conditions associated with functional limitations among aging offenders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all male offenders from one correctional system who were ≥50 years old (n = 2270) and extracted diagnoses for chronic diseases, mental health, substance use disorders, and functional limitations from an electronic health record...
April 2, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723721/the-effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-training-program-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-study-in-urban-community
#6
Chalermpong Sukontapol, Sasithorn Kemsen, Sirintorn Chansirikarn, Daochompu Nakawiro, Orawan Kuha, Unchulee Taemeeyapradit
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a cognitive training program on global cognition among people with mild cognitive impairment. METHODS: In this experimental study, using purposive sampling, 60 participants age 50 years and over who complained of subjective memory impairment were screened in their communities by public health volunteers with the Abbreviated Mental Test. Those with dementia were excluded as well as those with depression, which were screened out by the Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS-15)...
April 22, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720293/using-structural-equation-modeling-to-detect-response-shift-in-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Xuxia Wang, Xiaomeng Xu, Hongjuan Han, Runlian He, Liye Zhou, Ruifeng Liang, Hongmei Yu
ABSTRACTBackground:Our study aims to detect different types of response shifts (RS) and true changes of quality of life (QOL) measurement in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) using structural equation modeling (SEM) in domain level. METHODS: Patients with AD aged over 60 years old were collected from the Department of Neurology and Geriatrics in Taiyuan Central Hospital, China. The 12-item Short Form (SF-12) Health Survey was measured in 238 patients with AD prior to hospitalization and one month following discharge...
May 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718079/the-integrated-care-team-approach-of-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-va-geriatric-primary-care
#8
Donna Rasin-Waters, Valerie Abel, Lisa K Kearney, Antonette Zeiss
Historically, integrated mental and behavioral healthcare in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) commenced with initiatives in geriatrics. Innovation and system-wide expansion has occurred over decades and culminated in a unified vision for training and practice in the VA medical home model: Patient Aligned Care Team or PACT approach. In one VA hospital, the integration of neuropsychological services in geriatric primary care is pivotal and increases access for patients, as well as contributing to timely and effective care on an interprofessional team...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717755/mediterranean-diet-food-consumption-and-risk-of-late-life-depression-the-mugello-study
#9
G Pagliai, F Sofi, F Vannetti, S Caiani, G Pasquini, R Molino Lova, F Cecchi, S Sorbi, C Macchi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate eating habits and adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MD) in relation to the risk of depression in a cohort of nonagenarians enrolled within the Mugello Study, an epidemiological study aimed at investigating both clinically relevant geriatric items and various health issues, including those related to nutritional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Homes and nursing homes in the Mugello area, Florence, Italy...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699765/gay-and-gray-session-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-transgender-aging
#10
Kevin Johnson, Brandon C Yarns, Janet M Abrams, Lilith A Calbridge, Daniel D Sewell
With the overarching goals of improving the healthcare of older transgender individuals and of inspiring pertinent clinical research, a session at the 2017 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry Annual Meeting focused on an interdisciplinary approach to transgender aging. The older the transgender adult, the more likely the individual grew up in a historical context when there was greater social stigma towards their gender identity, even among mental health professionals. In order to provide optimal healthcare to transgender adults, mental health care providers should become familiar with the basic terminology presented in this article...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685380/low-levels-of-intra-tumoural-t-cells-in-breast-cancer-identify-clinically-frail-patients-with-shorter-disease-specific-survival
#11
Lisa Speigl, Alexandra Grieb, Nicole Janssen, Sigrid Hatse, Barbara Brouwers, Ann Smeets, Giuseppe Floris, Jithendra Kini Bailur, Cindy Kenis, Patrick Neven, Hans Wildiers, Graham Pawelec, Christopher Shipp
OBJECTIVES: The global health status of older patients with cancer influences their clinical course, but little is known regarding the influence of the immune system on the global health of older patients with cancer. The goal of this study was to assess the relationships between patient fitness/frailty status and survival, and the local tumour immune environment of older patients with breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort of 58 older patients with breast cancer (over 70 years of age), fluorescence microscopy was used to investigate whether levels of intra-tumoural T cells (CD3+) and granulocytic cells (CD15+) could predict patient clinical outcome, and/or whether they correlated with patient physical and mental performance as evaluated by comprehensive geriatric assessment...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659009/state-of-the-science-interprofessional-approaches-to-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#12
Timothy W Farrell, Marilyn K Luptak, Katherine P Supiano, James T Pacala, Rosalind De Lisser
Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential to develop the healthcare workforce of the future. Geriatrics healthcare professionals have long championed innovations in IPE and patient care, but there is increased urgency to address challenges in aging, dementia, and geriatric mental health in America. In 2010, the Partnership for Health in Aging multidisciplinary competencies and a related position statement in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society addressed interdisciplinary team (IDT) training in geriatrics...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643802/the-beneficial-effects-of-cognitive-training-with-simple-calculation-and-reading-aloud-scra-in-the-elderly-postoperative-population-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Kay Kulason, Rui Nouchi, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Masafumi Noda, Yoshinori Okada, Ryuta Kawashima
Background: There has been little research conducted regarding cognitive treatments for the elderly postsurgical population. Patients aged ≥60 years have an increased risk of postoperative cognitive decline, a condition in which cognitive functions are negatively affected. This cognitive decline can lead to a decline in quality of life. In order to maintain a high quality of life, the elderly postsurgical population may benefit from treatment to maintain and/or improve their cognitive functions. This pilot study investigates the effect of simple calculation and reading aloud (SCRA) cognitive training in elderly Japanese postsurgical patients...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610828/interactions-between-physicians-and-skilled-home-health-care-agencies-in-the-certification-of-medicare-beneficiaries-plans-of-care-results-of-a-nationally-representative-survey
#14
Cynthia M Boyd, Bruce Leff, Julia Bellantoni, Navpreet Rana, Jennifer L Wolff, David L Roth, Kim Carl, Orla C Sheehan
Background: Physicians are required to certify a plan of care for patients who receive Medicare skilled home health care (SHHC) services. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services form 485 (CMS-485) is typically used for certification of SHHC plans of care and for interactions between SHHC agencies and physicians. Little is known about how physicians use the CMS-485 or their perceptions of its usefulness with respect to coordinating care with SHHC agencies. Objective: To determine how physicians interact with SHHC agencies and use the CMS-485 in care coordination for patients receiving SHHC services...
April 3, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609900/prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-in-geriatric-u-s-military-veterans
#15
EDITORIAL
John T Little
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609234/-healthy-aging-and-the-progress-in-the-research-of-geriatric-epidemiology
#16
Y He, S S Yang
In recent years, great effort has been made in the promotion of healthy aging in China. The core indicator of a country's healthy aging is the level of body health, mental health, social adaptation and quality of life (QOL) of the elderly. This paper summarizes the concept and the progress in the research of healthy ageing and the leading role of geriatric epidemiology. Articles on column "Pay attention to function and health of elderly" analyze the basic conditions affecting the QOL of the elderly, such as disability, comorbidity and Alzheimer disease prevalence, in the elderly in China and related risk factors to describe the severity of different health problems affecting the QOL of the elderly in different areas of China and provide essential data for developing effective health approaches and conducting targeted intervention foe healthy aging...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608340/the-impact-of-exercise-on-depressive-symptoms-in-older-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-%C3%A2-caminemos-study
#17
Rosalba Hernandez, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Lissette M Piedra, Karen M Tabb, Shuo Xu, Catherine Sarkisian
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prospective effects of an evidence-based exercise intervention on depressive symptoms in older Hispanics/Latinos and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining component to counter negative ascriptions to the aging process. METHOD: We analyzed baseline, 1-, 12-, 24-month data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥ 60 years participating in an exercise intervention ("¡Caminemos!") across 27 senior centers (N = 572)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607245/future-of-health-findings-from-a-survey-of-stakeholders-on-the-future-of-health-and-healthcare-in-england
#18
Jennie Corbett, Camilla d'Angelo, Lorenzo Gangitano, Jon Freeman
This article presents findings from a survey conducted by RAND Europe at the request of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) to gather and synthesise stakeholder views on the future of health and healthcare in England in 20 to 30 years' time. The aim of the research was to generate an evidenced-based picture of the future health and healthcare needs, and how it might differ from today, in order to inform strategic discussions about the future priorities of the NIHR and the health and social care research communities more broadly...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560835/how-argentina-is-training-their-mental-health-residents-to-face-its-silver-tsunami
#19
Sergio A Strejilevich, Florencia Vallejos, Julian Bustin
In low- and middle-income countries, there is an increase in the percentage of aging population similar to or greater than that of high-income countries (World Population Ageing 1950-2050, UN, 2001). The emerging health and economical challenges due to these demographic changes will have to be addressed by their health systems. In this context, an adequate training of available human resources in geriatric psychiatry/psychogeriatrics (GP/PG) should be an essential step to meet those challenges.
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559028/sedative-hypnotic-drug-use-among-community-dwelling-elderly-in-taiwan
#20
Han-Yun Tseng, Shu-Han Yu, Chun-Yi Lee, Wen-Hao Huang, Seng-Loong Huang, Chi-Shin Wu, Yen-Feng Chiu, Chao A Hsiung
BACKGROUND: Sedative-hypnotic medication use has been related to severe adverse events and risks. This study investigated the prevalence of and characteristics associated with the use of sedatives and hypnotics among community-dwelling elderly persons aged 65 years and over in Taiwan. METHODS: A representative sample of community-dwelling adults was recruited. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected for assessing physical, mental, and cognitive functioning and disorders...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
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