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Geriatric mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886078/effects-of-two-year-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-supplementation-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-elevated-homocysteine-concentrations-additional-results-from-the-b-proof-study-an-rct
#1
Elisa J de Koning, Nikita L van der Zwaluw, Janneke P van Wijngaarden, Evelien Sohl, Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Harm W J van Marwijk, Anke W Enneman, Karin M A Swart, Suzanne C van Dijk, Annelies C Ham, Nathalie van der Velde, André G Uitterlinden, Brenda W J H Penninx, Petra J M Elders, Paul Lips, Rosalie A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, Natasja M van Schoor, Lisette C P G M de Groot
Lowering elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations by supplementing vitamin B12 and folic acid may reduce depressive symptoms and improve health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in older adults. This study aimed to test this hypothesis in a randomized controlled trial. Participants (N = 2919, ≥65 years, Hcy concentrations ≥12 µmol/L) received either 500 µg vitamin B12 and 400 µg folic acid daily or placebo for two years. Both tablets contained 15 µg vitamin D₃. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15)...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869346/association-between-dialysis-treatment-and-cognitive-decline-a-study-from-the-project-in-sado-for-total-health-prost-japan
#2
Yumi Watanabe, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sanpei, Minako Wakasugi, Akio Yokoseki, Keiko Kabasawa, Osamu Onodera, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Ryozo Kuwano, Takeshi Momotsu, Ichiei Narita, Naoto Endo
AIM: Evidence for the association between dialysis treatment and cognitive decline is limited. The present study aimed to determine whether dialysis treatment is associated with cognitive decline in adult outpatients of a general hospital in Japan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional substudy of the Project in Sado for Total Health (PROST). Total Health PROST targeted adult outpatients of a general hospital in Sado City, Niigata, Japan. Among 753 patients (mean age 68...
November 21, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863317/evaluating-promis-%C3%A2-applied-cognition-items-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-at-risk-for-cognitive-decline
#3
Molly Howland, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kathleen A Smyth, Martha Sajatovic
PROMIS(®) Applied Cognition is a short self-assessment of cognitive abilities and concerns that eliminates the need for a trained rater and provides online question banks that can be uniformly used across health care providers. This 12-month prospective study of 281 elderly individuals evaluates self-perceptions of cognitive functioning in relation to objective cognition, or assessment by an external rater, and compares PROMIS® Applied Cognition Abilities and Concerns subsets with commonly used "legacy" instruments...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831598/prison-nursing-and-its-training
#4
M Sánchez-Roig, A Coll-Cámara
The main task of nurses is to take care of sick and healthy people and evaluate changes in their health conditions. The goal is to take the appropriate measures to help their recovery or guarantee a dignified death, and if possible, help them regain autonomy and independence. Nursing is present in different areas: primary health, mental health, accident and emergencies, intensive and coronary care, surgical care, paediatrics, geriatrics, public health, occupational health, teaching, etc. In our case, prison nursing, one of the least known branches of the profession, we wanted to investigate more deeply the work of nurses in prisons, which aspect of health care they are responsible for and to what type of population they are geared towards, as well as the necessary training to be able to work in such a particular environment...
December 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816907/new-horizons-in-design-for-autonomous-ageing
#5
REVIEW
Tischa J M van der Cammen, Armagan Albayrak, Ena Voûte, Johan F M Molenbroek
The world is ageing rapidly. Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people aged ≥65 will double as a proportion of the global population, from 7% to 16%, respectively. By 2050, for the first time in human history, there will be more older people than children (aged 0-14 years) in the population. More distinctive is the tremendous increase in the oldest old aged ≥85. This challenges society to adapt, in order to maximise the health and functional capacity of older people as well as their social participation and security...
November 5, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809282/mental-health-in-cypriot-citizens-of-the-rural-health-centre-kofinou
#6
Georgios Stavrou, Lefkios Paikousis, Eleni Jelastopulu, Georgios Charalambous
Objective: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the mental health of Cypriot citizens living in the current difficult period of economic recession. The specific objective was to investigate the different factors (gender, age, socio-economic factors, etc.) that may affect the levels of emotional distress, anxiety, and depression in patients attending the Rural Health Centre of Kofinou. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of a total of 300 Cypriots who visited Kofinou Health Centre in the period between July and September 2015...
November 1, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779822/frailty-is-a-major-related-factor-for-at-risk-of-malnutrition-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Shu-Fang Chang
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationships among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in community-dwelling older people with varying nutritional statuses. Other factors correlated with nutritional status in community-dwelling older people were also explored. BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has initiated preventive programs for addressing malnutrition. However, few studies have focused on the correlations among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in older people at risk of malnutrition...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755325/effectiveness-of-nursing-discharge-planning-interventions-on-health-related-outcomes-in-discharged-elderly-inpatients-a-systematic-review
#8
Cedric Mabire, Andrew Dwyer, Antoine Garnier, Joanie Pellet
BACKGROUND: Inadequate discharge planning for the growing elderly population poses significant challenges for health services. Effective discharge planning interventions have been examined in several studies, but little information is available on nursing's role or the specific components of these interventions. Despite the research published on the importance of discharge planning, the impact on patient's health outcomes still needs to be proven in practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine the best available evidence on the effectiveness of discharge planning interventions involving at least one nurse on health-related outcomes for elderly inpatients discharged home and to assess the relative impact of individual components of discharge planning interventions...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751804/predictive-value-of-different-expressions-of-forced-expiratory-volume-in-1-second-fev1-for-adverse-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-adults-aged-80-and-older
#9
Eralda Hegendörfer, Bert Vaes, Elena Andreeva, Catharina Matheï, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Jean-Marie Degryse
OBJECTIVES: Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) is proposed as a marker of healthy ageing and FEV1 expressions that are independent of reference values have been reported to be better at predicting mortality in older adults. We assess and compare the predictive value of different FEV1 expressions for mortality, hospitalization, and physical and mental decline in adults aged 80 and older. DESIGN: Population-based, prospective, cohort study. SETTING: The BELFRAIL study, Belgium...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747828/differences-in-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonist-use-in-rural-and-urban-older-adults
#10
Meghan K Mattos, Susan M Sereika, Jennifer G Naples, Steven M Albert
BACKGROUND: Older adults are especially susceptible to adverse consequences of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs), such as benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZDRAs), due to age-related pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes. Although some risk factors for BZDRA use in older adults have been identified, the role of rural versus urban residence is less clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe BZDRA use in rural versus urban older adults using pharmaceutical claims from Pennsylvania's Pharmaceutical Assistance Contract for the Elderly (PACE) program...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742528/age-friendly-communities-initiative-public-health-approach-to-promoting-successful-aging
#11
REVIEW
Dilip V Jeste, Dan G Blazer, Kathleen C Buckwalter, Keri-Leigh K Cassidy, Len Fishman, Lisa P Gwyther, Saul M Levin, Christopher Phillipson, Ramesh R Rao, Ellen Schmeding, William A Vega, Julie A Avanzino, Danielle K Glorioso, John Feather
Older adults consistently prefer aging in place, which requires a high level of community support and services that are currently lacking. With a rapidly aging population, the present infrastructure for healthcare will prove even more inadequate to meet seniors' physical and mental health needs. A paradigm shift away from the sole focus on delivery of interventions at an individual level to more prevention-focused, community-based approaches will become essential. Recent initiatives have been proposed to promote healthy lifestyles and preventive care to enable older adults to age in place...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729818/workplace-violence-in-different-settings-and-among-various-health-professionals-in-an-italian-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726941/learning-with-understanding-aagp-launches-treatment-in-geriatric-mental-health-research-in-action
#13
EDITORIAL
Jordan Friedman Karp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724084/a-short-mnemonic-to-support-the-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-model
#14
Brenda Han, Cristin Grant
With an increasing number of older people using emergency services, researchers have raised concerns about the quality of care in an environment that is not designed to address older patients' specific needs and conditions. The comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) model was developed to address these issues, and to optimise healthcare delivery to older adults. This article introduces a complementary mnemonic, FRAIL, that refers to important elements of health information to consider before initiating care for older patients - falls/functional decline, reactions, altered mental status, illnesses, and living situation...
October 6, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715455/assessment-of-geriatric-syndromes-and-physical-function-in-people-living-with-hiv
#15
Meredith Greene, Amy C Justice, Kenneth E Covinsky
: As the number of older adults living with HIV continues to increase, understanding how to incorporate geriatric assessments within HIV care will be critical. Assessment of geriatric syndromes and physical function can be useful tools for HIV clinicians and researchers to help identify the most vulnerable older adults and to better understand the aging process in PLWH. This review focuses on the assessment of falls, frailty and physical function, first in the general population of older adults and includes a specific focus on use of these assessments in older adults living with HIV...
October 7, 2016: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699694/cognitive-function-is-maintained-in-noninstitutionalized-elderly-japanese-requiring-care-with-high-levels-of-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Kimiko Ueno, Tomoko Nishiwaki
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been reported to be associated with cognitive function; however, whether or not this relationship involves causality is uncertain. This study aimed to determine whether HRQOL levels are associated with subsequent changes in cognitive function in elderly people requiring care. METHODS: Participants were 74 community-dwelling elderly people utilizing the long-term care service (69 % women) who underwent physical and psychological examinations at baseline and follow-up...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685437/neuropsychology-in-india
#17
J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682420/understanding-implementation-of-comprehensive-geriatric-care-programs-a-multiple-perspective-approach-is-preferred
#18
Annemarie de Vos, Jane-Murray Cramm, Jeroen D H van Wijngaarden, Ton J E M Bakker, Johan P Mackenbach, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: The Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP) provides a novel approach targeting hospital-related functional decline among elderly patients. Despite the high expectations, the PReCaP was not effective in preventing functional decline (ADL and iADL) among older patients. Although elderly PReCaP patients demonstrated slightly better cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination; 0.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.2-0.6]), lower depression (Geriatric Depression Scale 15; -0...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678044/neuroticism-and-fatigue-3-months-after-ischemic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Chieh Grace Lau, Wai Kwong Tang, Xiang Xin Liu, Hua Jun Liang, Yan Liang, Vincent Mok, Adrian Wong, Gabor S Ungvari, Mansur A Kutlubaev, Ka Sing Wong
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between neuroticism and fatigue in Chinese stroke patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety-one ischemic stroke survivors recruited from the above-mentioned acute stroke unit between May 2010 and September 2011. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The personality trait of neuroticism was measured with the neuroticism subscale of the Chinese version of the NEO-five-factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
September 24, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662794/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-a-care-dependent-and-a-care-independent-older-population
#20
Dominique Niesten, Dick Witter, Ewald Bronkhorst, Nico Creugers
OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between oral health (OH) factors and general health (GH) factors (including physical, mental, and social health domains), and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a care-independent and a care-dependent older population. METHODS: Care-independent participants (n=109) were recruited from the Nijmegen dental school; care-dependent participants (n=126) from residential aged care facilities. Data collected included: OHRQoL (Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI)), age, gender, socioeconomic status, number of teeth and occluding pairs, presence of carious teeth, presence of removable dental prostheses, clinically assessed treatment need (CTN), self-reported GH, and, only for care-dependent participants: care-dependency level and health domain variables: physical, mental (SF-12: Physical and Mental Component Summary scores), and social (ENRICHD social support index)...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
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