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Sex differences in animal models of depression

Siyang Yan, Amanda C Kentner
Exposure to painful procedures and/or stressors during the early neonatal period can reprogram the underlying neurocircuitry involved in nociception and neuropathic pain perception. The reprogramming of these systems can result in an enduring elevation in sensitivity towards mechanical and thermal stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that exposure to mild inflammatory mediators during the neonatal period can induce similar pain responses in both adolescent and adult rats. Therefore, we sought to profile changes in the expression of several genes across brain areas involved in the active modulation of nociception and neuropathic pain using a well-recognized model of neonatal inflammation...
October 11, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Karim Malki, Maria Grazia Tosto, Héctor Mouriño-Talín, Sabela Rodríguez-Lorenzo, Oliver Pain, Irfan Jumhaboy, Tina Liu, Panos Parpas, Stuart Newman, Artem Malykh, Lucia Carboni, Rudolf Uher, Peter McGuffin, Leonard C Schalkwyk, Kevin Bryson, Mark Herbster
Response to antidepressant (AD) treatment may be a more polygenic trait than previously hypothesized, with many genetic variants interacting in yet unclear ways. In this study we used methods that can automatically learn to detect patterns of statistical regularity from a sparsely distributed signal across hippocampal transcriptome measurements in a large-scale animal pharmacogenomic study to uncover genomic variations associated with AD. The study used four inbred mouse strains of both sexes, two drug treatments, and a control group (escitalopram, nortriptyline, and saline)...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Michael Q Steinman, Brian C Trainor
Women are nearly twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder, yet the use of female animal models in studying the biological basis of depression lags behind that of males. The social defeat model uses social stress to generate depression-like symptoms in order to study the neurobiological mechanisms. In general, social defeat is difficult to apply in female rodents. However, male and female California mice (Peromyscus californicus) are territorial. This allows defeat to be studied in both sexes...
June 30, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Miriam Ben-Hamo, Katy Tal, Rotem Paz-Cohen, Noga Kronfeld-Schor, Haim Einat
The relationships between biological rhythms and affective disorders are known but their underlying biology not clear. There is difficulty in studying circadian rhythms in humans and appropriate animal models are hard to identify or develop. Some studies show that diurnal rodents can be advantageous model animals for the study of interactions between biological rhythms and affective disorders but previous studies did not include females whereas in humans there are sex differences in affective disorders. The present study tested the effects of short photoperiods in both males and females of the diurnal golden spiny mouse (Acomys russatus)...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Flavie Darcet, Alain M Gardier, Raphael Gaillard, Denis J David, Jean-Philippe Guilloux
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric disease, affecting millions of people worldwide. In addition to the well-defined depressive symptoms, patients suffering from MDD consistently complain about cognitive disturbances, significantly exacerbating the burden of this illness. Among cognitive symptoms, impairments in attention, working memory, learning and memory or executive functions are often reported. However, available data about the heterogeneity of MDD patients and magnitude of cognitive symptoms through the different phases of MDD remain difficult to summarize...
2016: Pharmaceuticals
M G Pisu, A Garau, G Boero, F Biggio, V Pibiri, R Dore, V Locci, E Paci, P Porcu, M Serra
Women are more likely than men to suffer from anxiety disorders and major depression. These disorders share hyperresponsiveness to stress as an etiological factor. Thus, sex differences in brain arousal systems and their regulation by chronic stress may account for the increased vulnerability to these disorders in women. Social isolation is a model of early life stress that results in neurobiological alterations leading to increased anxiety-like and depressive-like behaviors. Here we investigated the sex difference in the effects of post-weaning social isolation on acute stress sensitivity and behavior in rats...
April 21, 2016: Neuroscience
Liu Yang, Li-Jun Shi, Bei Tang, Qiu-Qin Han, Jin Yu, Gen-Cheng Wu, Yu-Qiu Zhang
To mimic human mood disorders, traditional chronic stresses and social defeat stress have been developed and widely applied. However, these active stresses do not mimic the emotional flaws induced by stresses, and their input levels vary greatly. Also, emotional stresses resulting from social unobtainability remain largely elusive due to the lack of useful animal models. In this study, we developed a mouse model named "opposite sex contact and isolation" (OSCI) and found that OSCI induced significant social avoidance, anhedonia, and anxiety...
February 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
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