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Depression subtypes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912070/cardiac-complications-associated-with-the-influenza-viruses-a-subtype-h7n9-or-pandemic-h1n1-in-critically-ill-patients-under-intensive-care
#1
Jiajia Wang, Hua Xu, Xinjing Yang, Daguo Zhao, Shenlang Liu, Xue Sun, Jian-An Huang, Qiang Guo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clinical presentations and disease courses of patients hospitalized with either influenza A virus subtype H7N9 (H7N9) or 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus (pH1N1) were compared in a recent report, but associated cardiac complications remain unclear. The present retrospective study investigated whether cardiac complications in critically ill patients with H7N9 infections differed from those infected with the pH1N1 strain. METHODS: Suspect cases were confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays with specific confirmation of the pandemic H1N1 strain at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
November 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911015/depression-with-inflammation-longitudinal-analysis-of-a-proposed-depressive-subtype-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Damien Gallagher, Alex Kiss, Krista Lanctot, Nathan Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that inflammation may be causally related to depression. If this is the case, it may be possible to distinguish an inflammatory depressive subtype according to illness course, pattern of co-morbidity and symptom profile. METHODS: Eight hundred and eleven community dwelling older adults with depression (8 item Center for Epidemiologic Studies scale ≥ 4) from the English Longitudinal study of Ageing (ELSA) were followed for a median of 47 months...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901515/neurocognitive-and-clinical-correlates-of-gambling-behavior-based-on-mode-of-gambling
#3
Eric W Leppink, Austin W Blum, Samuel Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling opportunities have expanded greatly in recent years, with ever-increasing availability via the internet as well as land-based options (eg, casinos). Although some research suggests that internet gamblers have higher rates of disordered gambling than land-based only gamblers, the clinical and cognitive importance of these findings is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 542 young adults (age 18 to 29) and compared land- based only (n = 385 [70.8%]) and mixed internet/land-based gamblers (LBGs) (n = 157 [28...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898140/ny-subtyp-av-molluscipoxvirus-p%C3%A3-visad-modern-teknik-identifierar-nya-och-ovanliga-patogener-snabbare
#4
Anna-Lena Hammarin, Yvonne Eklund, Maria Karlberg, Morten Bogh, Per Sikora
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection of the epidermis characterized by skin-colored papules or nodules frequently with a central depression. Atypical variants may occur, primarily in immunosuppressed individuals. We here report a case of »giant Molluscum contagiosum« in an immunocompetent child. The patient was presented with a fairly smooth nodule of 2 cm in diameter on the ring finger. Molluscipoxvirus-like virus particles were detected by electron microscopy from the nodule, but since the clinical picture was not compatible with MC, next generation sequencing was performed in order to verify the diagnosis...
November 28, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894241/a-novel-relationship-for-schizophrenia-bipolar-and-major-depressive-disorder-part-6-a-hint-from-chromosome-6-high-density-association-screen
#5
X Chen, F Long, B Cai, X Chen, G Chen
Convergent evidence from genetics, symptomatology and psychopharmacology imply that there are intrinsic connections between schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BPD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), for example, any two or even three of these disorders could co-exist in some families. A total of 56.400 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) on chromosome 6 were genotyped by Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP array 6.0 on 119 SCZ, 253 BPD (type-I), 177 MDD patients and 1000 controls. Associated SNP loci on chromosome 6 were comprehensively revealed and outstanding susceptibility genes were identified including JARID2 (Homo sapiens jumonji, AT rich interactive domain 2) which plays an essential role in embryonic development and neural tube fusion process...
November 28, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894036/efficacy-of-an-adjunctive-brief-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-to-usual-inpatient-treatment-of-depression-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yves de Roten, Gilles Ambresin, Fabrice Herrera, Sylfa Fassassi, Nicolas Fournier, Martin Preisig, Jean-Nicolas Despland
BACKGROUND: For severe and chronic depression, inpatient treatment may be necessary. Current guidelines recommend combined psychological and pharmacological treatments for moderate to severe depression. Results for positive effects of combined treatment for depressed inpatients are still ambiguous. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial examined the efficacy of adding an intensive and brief psychodynamic psychotherapy (IBPP) to treatment-as-usual (TAU) for inpatients with DSM-IV major depressive episode...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893026/prevalence-of-depression-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Zahinoor Ismail, Heba Elbayoumi, Corinne E Fischer, David B Hogan, Colleen P Millikin, Tom Schweizer, Moyra E Mortby, Eric E Smith, Scott B Patten, Kirsten M Fiest
Importance: Depression is common in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and may confer a higher likelihood of progression to dementia. Prevalence estimates of depression in those with MCI are required to guide both clinical decisions and public health policy, but published results are variable and lack precision. Objective: To provide a precise estimate of the prevalence of depression in individuals with MCI and identify reasons for heterogeneity in the reported results...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882644/sleep-wake-cycle-phenotypes-in-young-people-with-familial-and-non-familial-mood-disorders
#8
Jan Scott, Sharon Naismith, Ashlee Grierson, Joanne Carpenter, Daniel Hermens, Elizabeth Scott, Ian Hickie
OBJECTIVES: Converging evidence identifies that the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (BD), individuals at clinical high risk of BD, and young people with recent onset BD may differ from other clinical cases or healthy controls in terms of sleep-wake profiles. However, it is possible that these differences may reflect current mental state, subtype of mood disorder, or familial traits. This study aimed to determine objective and subjective sleep-wake profiles in individuals aged 15-25 years with a current major depressive episode, in relation to familial traits...
November 24, 2016: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872582/separate-ionotropic-and-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-functions-in-depotentiation-vs-ltp-a-distinct-role-for-group1-mglur-subtypes-and-nmdars
#9
Amira Latif-Hernandez, Enrico Faldini, Tariq Ahmed, Detlef Balschun
Depotentiation (DP) is a mechanism by which synapses that have recently undergone long-term potentiation (LTP) can reverse their synaptic strengthening within a short time-window after LTP induction. Group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) were shown to be involved in different forms of LTP and long-term depression (LTD), but little is known about their roles in DP. Here, we generated DP by applying low-frequency stimulation (LFS) at 5 Hz after LTP had been induced by a single train of theta-burst-stimulation (TBS)...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872261/comorbid-diabetes-and-depression-in-a-national-sample-of-adults-with-psychosis
#10
Debra L Foley, Andrew Mackinnon, Vera A Morgan, David J Castle, Anna Waterreus, Cherrie A Galletly
OBJECTIVE: People with psychosis have an elevated risk of depression and diabetes but no large-scale study has characterized their relationship. We aimed to assess this association and to evaluate possible explanatory factors. METHODS: Analysis of cross-sectional data from a national sample of 1155 people with psychosis who gave a fasting blood sample and could be tested for diabetes mellitus. The association between current diabetes mellitus and current depression was estimated using logistic regression, adjusted for age, sex and current psychotropic medication...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871668/emerging-role-for-nucleus-accumbens-medium-spiny-neuron-subtypes-in-depression
#11
REVIEW
T Chase Francis, Mary Kay Lobo
The ventral striatum (nucleus accumbens) and its role in mood, reward, and motivation has been the focus of significant research. Despite this interest, little work has addressed cell type-specific distinctions in medium spiny neurons (MSNs), the main projection neurons in the nucleus accumbens and dorsal striatum, and their function in relation to stress and depression. Previous work has shown opposing roles for D1 and D2 receptor MSN subtypes in depression-like outcomes to stress, particularly in regard to repeated neuronal stimulation and excitatory transmission...
September 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866918/-children-and-adolescents-anxiety-disorders
#12
H Denis, A Baghdadli
Anxiety disorders were long underestimated in children by healthcare professionals, but they are now better diagnosed. They account for the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis between 6 and 18 years of age, with differences in prevalence or risk factors related to the clinical forms. Different clinical subtypes of anxiety disorders are detailed in this article: separation anxiety, specific phobia, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and obsessional-compulsive disorder...
November 17, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866046/changes-in-depression-among-older-adults-in-china-a-latent-transition-analysis
#13
Yuhan Ni, Jenn-Yun Tein, Minqiang Zhang, Yawei Yang, Guoting Wu
BACKGROUND: Depression in late life is an important public health problem in developing countries. It is timely to investigate stability and transition patterns of depressive symptom subtypes. METHODS: Longitudinal data were used from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A total of 853 women and 930 men aged 60-96 years were recruited. Latent class and latent transition analysis (LCA/LTA) were used to identify meaningful subgroups, transitions between those classes across time, and baseline demographic features that help to predict and design tailored interventions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856392/why-is-depression-more-common-among-women-than-among-men
#14
REVIEW
Christine Kuehner
Women are about twice as likely as are men to develop depression during their lifetime. This Series paper summarises evidence regarding the epidemiology on gender differences in prevalence, incidence, and course of depression, and factors possibly explaining the gender gap. Gender-related subtypes of depression are suggested to exist, of which the developmental subtype has the strongest potential to contribute to the gender gap. Limited evidence exists for risk factors to be specifically linked to depression...
November 11, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853162/depression-and-coronary-heart-disease
#15
REVIEW
Robert M Carney, Kenneth E Freedland
Depression is a highly prevalent risk factor for incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with established CHD. Several biological and behavioural mechanisms have been hypothesized to underlie the relationship between depression and CHD, but none has been shown to account for more than a small proportion of the risk. Only a few clinical trials have examined whether treating depression decreases the risk of cardiac events in patients with established CHD...
November 17, 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845194/human-albumin-attenuates-excessive-innate-immunity-via-inhibition-of-microglial-mincle-syk-signaling-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#16
Yi Xie, Hongquan Guo, Liumin Wang, Lili Xu, Xiaohao Zhang, Linjie Yu, Qian Liu, Yunzi Li, Nana Zhao, Nan Zhao, Ruidong Ye, Xinfeng Liu
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating subtype of stroke. Microglial macrophage-inducible C-type lectin (Mincle) receptor launches microglial innate immunity after SAH, and thereby achieves a key step of early cerebral injury in SAH. We previously revealed albumin could improve long-term neurological outcomes after SAH. In this study, we examined the role of microglia-mediated innate immunity in the salutary effects of albumin. SAH was induced by endovascular perforation in rats. We found that albumin can significantly mitigate early neurovascular dysfunction of SAH rats...
November 10, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837235/family-socioeconomic-position-in-early-life-and-onset-of-depressive-symptoms-and-depression-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Carol Joinson, Daphne Kounali, Glyn Lewis
PURPOSE: To investigate whether low parental socioeconomic position (SEP) at birth is associated only with early-onset depressive symptoms in offspring. METHODS: This prospective cohort study used data on 9193 individuals (4768 females, 4425 males) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Depressive symptoms during three age periods (10-12, 12-16, 16-20 years) were assessed using the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, and ICD-10 depression at age 18 was assessed using the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised...
November 11, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824643/clinical-psychological-and-physiological-correlates-of-patients-who-defecate-after-meal
#18
Michel Bouchoucha, Ghislain Devroede, Florence Mary, Cyriaque Bon, Gheorges Airinei, Bakhtiar Bejou, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Food is the most important synchronizer of gastrointestinal motility and secretion. Many patients with functional bowel or anorectal disorders complain of fecal urge and stool output after eating. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 408 consecutive outpatients with functional bowel and/or anorectal disorders (74% female, 50.2±15.6 years, 24.8±5.0 kg/m²) filled Rome III questionnaires. Depression and anxiety scores, a physiological evaluation (total and segmental colonic transit time, colonic transit response to eating using a standard 1000 kcal test meal, and anorectal manometry), were measured...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821868/problems-with-latent-class-analysis-to-detect-data-driven-subtypes-of-depression
#19
H M van Loo, R B K Wanders, K J Wardenaar, E I Fried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821848/depression-like-phenotype-by-deletion-of-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-role-of-bdnf-trkb-in-nucleus-accumbens
#20
Ji-Chun Zhang, Wei Yao, Qian Ren, Chun Yang, Chao Dong, Min Ma, Jin Wu, Kenji Hashimoto
The α7 subtype of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) plays a role in the inflammation which is implicated in depression. This study was undertaken to examine the role of α7 nAChR in depression using α7 nAChR knock-out (KO) mice. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interlukin-1β in KO mice were higher than wild-type mice, suggesting an inflammatory process in KO mice. α7 nAChR KO mice showed depression-like phenotype. Furthermore, KO mice showed increased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor TrkB signaling, as well as increased synaptogenesis and spine density in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), although BDNF-TrkB signaling and synaptogenesis were not altered in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
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