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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#1
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342510/validation-of-the-social-appearance-anxiety-scale-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-cohort-study
#2
Sarah D Mills, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Shadi Gholizadeh, Rina S Fox, Lisa R Jewett, Karen Gottesman, Scott C Roesch, Brett D Thombs, Vanessa L Malcarne
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that can cause disfiguring changes in appearance. This study examined the structural validity, internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, and measurement equivalence of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) across SSc disease subtypes. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network Cohort completed the SAAS and measures of appearance-related concerns and psychological distress...
January 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334934/factors-influencing-the-length-of-hospital-stay-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-results-of-a-prospective-multi-center-study
#3
D Kästner, B Löwe, A Weigel, B Osen, U Voderholzer, A Gumz
BACKGROUND: The length of stay (LOS) strongly influences anorexia nervosa (AN) inpatient weight outcomes. Hence, understanding the predictors of LOS is highly relevant. However, the existing evidence is inconsistent and to draw conclusions, additional evidence is required. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-center study including adult female inpatients with AN. Using stepwise linear regression, the following demographic and clinical variables were examined as potential predictors for LOS: admission BMI, AN-subtype, age, age of onset, living situation, partnership status, education, previous hospitalization, self-rated depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms (PHQ-9, PHQ-15, GAD-7), self-rated therapy motivation (FEVER) and eating disorder psychopathology (EDI-2 subscale scores)...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332109/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems-among-primary-school-students-in-western-saudi-arabia
#4
Faten N AlZaben, Mohammad G Sehlo, Waleed A Alghamdi, Haythum O Tayeb, Doaa A Khalifa, Abdulrahman T Mira, Abdulaziz M Alshuaibi, Mosab A Alguthmi, Ahmad A Derham, Harold G Koenig
To determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), subtypes of ADHD, and psychiatric, academic, and behavioral comorbidity in public primary school students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A simple random sample of 6 primary government schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was identified (3 male, 3 female), and a random sample of classes in each of grades 1-6 were selected. Between July and November 2016, teachers in these classes were asked to complete the Vanderbilt ADHD scale on all students in their classes...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331354/specificity-in-etiology-of-subtypes-of-bipolar-disorder-evidence-from-a-swedish-population-based-family-study
#5
Jie Song, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Arvid Sjölander, Sarah E Bergen, Henrik Larsson, Mikael Landén, Paul Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains whether bipolar I disorder (BDI) and bipolar II disorder (BDII) differ etiologically. We used a population-based family sample to examine the etiological boundaries between BDI and BDII by assessing their familial aggregation/coaggregation and by assessing the coaggregation between them and schizophrenia, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, eating disorders, autism spectrum disorder, substance use disorders, anxiety disorders, and personality disorders...
November 20, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327519/psychiatric-co-morbidities-in-women-with-epilepsy
#6
Uma Sundar, Sonal Thakur Honrao, Nilesh Shah
Background: The co-existence of psychiatric co-morbidities with Epilepsy in women is multifactorial and complex, being closely related to hormonal status, medication side effects, and psychosocial factors. Aims: We aimed to study associated Psychiatric co-morbidities in women with Epilepsy (WWE), and correlate the same with seizure subtype and medication , compliance with treatment and seizure control. Material and Methods: This was a prospective, interview based study in OPD over 18 months, evaluating WWE over 13 years of age with at least 1 seizure in the last 1 year...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326085/frailty-and-leucocyte-count-are-predictors-of-all-cause-mortality-and-hospitalization-length-in-non-demented-institutionalized-older-women
#7
Julio Fernandez-Garrido, Vicente Ruiz-Ros, Rut Navarro-Martínez, Cristina Buigues, Mary Martínez-Martínez, Yolanda Verdejo, Laura Sanantonio-Camps, Mª Carmen Mascarós, Omar Cauli
Alteration in the immune system such as the number of white blood cells count (WBC) has been associated with frailty syndrome but their role in institutionalized older individuals have been rarely investigated. We evaluated the relationships between white blood cell subtypes, geriatric assessment, depression and frailty syndrome based on the criteria of physical phenotype. In particular, we aimed to analyze by a two-year follow-up and prospective study the predictive value of alterations in WBC, frailty and functional impairment in terms of hospitalizations and all-cause mortality in institutionalized older women...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323797/relations-between-cortical-thickness-serotonin-1a-receptor-binding-and-structural-connectivity-a-multimodal-imaging-study
#8
Rajapillai L I Pillai, Ashwin Malhotra, Deborah D Rupert, Bennett Weschler, John C Williams, Mengru Zhang, Jie Yang, J John Mann, Maria A Oquendo, Ramin V Parsey, Christine DeLorenzo
Serotonin 1A (5-HT1A ) receptors play a direct role in neuronal development, cell proliferation, and dendritic branching. We hypothesized that variability in 5-HT1A binding can affect cortical thickness, and may account for a subtype of major depressive disorder (MDD) in which both are altered. To evaluate this, we measured cortical thickness from structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 5-HT1A binding by positron emission tomography (PET) in an exploratory study. To examine a range of 5-HT1A binding and cortical thickness values, we recruited 25 healthy controls and 19 patients with MDD...
February 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322558/-the-masks-we-wear-a-qualitative-study-of-suicide-in-australian-farmers
#9
Lisa Kunde, Kairi Kõlves, Brian Kelly, Prasuna Reddy, Diego de Leo
PURPOSE: Farmer suicide is a major public issue in Australia. Using the psychological autopsy method, this study aimed to examine the life and death circumstances of Australian male farmers who died by suicide through verbal reports from their close significant others. METHODS: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 relatives of male farmers who had died by suicide in Queensland or New South Wales, Australia (2006-2014). This study followed the COREQ checklist criteria for the reporting of qualitative research...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317606/corticotropin-releasing-factor-1-receptor-haplotype-and-cognitive-features-of-major-depression
#10
REVIEW
Elena Goetz Davis, Jennifer Keller, Joachim Hallmayer, Heather Ryan Pankow, Greer M Murphy, Ian H Gotlib, Alan F Schatzberg
Corticotropin-releasing factor signaling through CRF receptor type 1 (CRF1) has been shown to contribute to learning and memory function. A haplotype of alleles T-A-T in a set of common polymorphisms in the gene encoding for CRF1 (CRHR1) has been associated with both depression vulnerability and alterations in cognitive functioning. The present study investigated the relations between the TAT haplotype and specific symptoms of depression, self-reported ruminative behaviors, and neuropsychological performance on a learning and memory task...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315470/motor-subtypes-and-other-risk-factors-associated-with-drooling-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#11
C J Mao, Y T Xiong, F Wang, Y P Yang, W Yuan, C Zhu, J Chen, C F Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between motor subtypes and drooling, and other risk factors associated with drooling in a large cohort of Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A total of 586 PD patients were enrolled in this study. Unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn & Yahr stage (H & Y stage) scale, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-24 item (HRSD), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were applied to all subjects...
January 9, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311610/interneuron-specific-signaling-evokes-distinctive-somatostatin-mediated-responses-in-adult-cortical-astrocytes
#12
Letizia Mariotti, Gabriele Losi, Annamaria Lia, Marcello Melone, Angela Chiavegato, Marta Gómez-Gonzalo, Michele Sessolo, Serena Bovetti, Angelo Forli, Micaela Zonta, Linda Maria Requie, Iacopo Marcon, Arianna Pugliese, Cécile Viollet, Bernhard Bettler, Tommaso Fellin, Fiorenzo Conti, Giorgio Carmignoto
The signaling diversity of GABAergic interneurons to post-synaptic neurons is crucial to generate the functional heterogeneity that characterizes brain circuits. Whether this diversity applies to other brain cells, such as the glial cells astrocytes, remains unexplored. Using optogenetics and two-photon functional imaging in the adult mouse neocortex, we here reveal that parvalbumin- and somatostatin-expressing interneurons, two key interneuron classes in the brain, differentially signal to astrocytes inducing weak and robust GABAB receptor-mediated Ca2+ elevations, respectively...
January 8, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305644/mal-de-debarquement-syndrome-a-survey-on-subtypes-misdiagnoses-onset-and-associated-psychological-features
#13
V Mucci, J M Canceri, R Brown, M Dai, S Yakushin, S Watson, A Van Ombergen, V Topsakal, P H Van de Heyning, F L Wuyts, C J Browne
INTRODUCTION: Mal de Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS) is a neurological condition typically characterized by a sensation of motion, that persists longer than a month following exposure to passive motion (e.g., cruise, flight, etc.). The most common form of MdDS is motion triggered (MT). However, recently it has been acknowledged that some patients develop typical MdDS symptoms without an apparent motion trigger. These cases are identified here as spontaneous or other onset (SO) MdDS. This study aimed to address similarities and differences between the MdDS subtypes...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305627/antagonism-at-the-nr2b-subunit-of-nmda-receptors-induces-increased-connectivity-of-the-prefrontal-and-subcortical-regions-regulating-reward-behavior
#14
Natalia Gass, Robert Becker, Markus Sack, Adam J Schwarz, Jonathan Reinwald, Alejandro Cosa-Linan, Lei Zheng, Christian Clemm von Hohenberg, Dragos Inta, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, Peter Gass, Alexander Sartorius
RATIONALE: Evidence indicates that ketamine's rapid antidepressant efficacy likely results from its antagonism of NR2B-subunit-containing NMDA receptors (NMDAR). Since ketamine equally blocks NR2A- and NR2B-containing NMDAR, and has affinity to other receptors, NR2B-selective drugs might have improved therapeutic efficiency and side effect profile. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the effects of (S)-ketamine and two different types of NR2B-selective antagonists on functional brain networks in rats, in order to find common circuits, where their effects intersect, and that might explain their antidepressant action...
January 5, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295011/the-association-among-parental-bonding-depression-social-aggression-and-criminal-assault-are-there-gender-differences-between-male-and-female-youth-offenders
#15
John Tisak, Marie S Tisak, Erin R Baker, Kelly E Amrhein, Cjersti Jensen
This research examined similarities and differences in gender regarding social aggression, criminal assault, depression, and familial factors. The participants were 251 youth offenders (158 males) who were arrested and incarcerated in a juvenile facility. The measures consisted of self-reported acts of social aggression, simple and aggravated assault, subtypes of depression, and self-reports on parental care and control. Our data demonstrate the importance of including gender, types of aggression/assault, subtypes of depression, and familial factors when examining their association...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294877/traumatic-experience-polytraumatization-and-perinatal-depression-in-a-diverse-sample-of-adolescent-mothers
#16
Candace Killian-Farrell, Cynthia F Rizo, Brianna M Lombardi, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Sarah E Bledsoe
This study examines the prevalence of trauma subtypes, polytraumatization, and perinatal depression (PND) in a diverse sample of adolescent mothers to help inform PND prevention, screening, and treatment efforts. We conducted a secondary analysis of a sample ( N = 210) of adolescent mothers aged 14 to 20 years from a prospective longitudinal study of PND. Participants were recruited from a county-based, public health prenatal clinic, and data were collected in the prenatal and postpartum periods. In this sample, 81% of adolescent mothers reported at least one trauma experience and 75% reported lifetime experience of intimate partner violence (IPV)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290095/parental-alexithymia-depression-and-anxiety-levels-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-comparative-study-with-pervasive-developmental-disorders-and-adhd
#17
Ibrahim Durukan, Koray Kara, Mahmoud Almbaideen, Dursun Karaman, Hesna Gül
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders and their relatives have problems to express and recognize emotions but there is a lack of studies concerning alexithymia levels and relationships between parental alexithymia and depression-anxiety symptoms in these groups. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine alexithymia, depression, anxiety levels of parents in children with pervasive developmental disorders and ADHD, also examine if there is a positive correlation between child's neurodevelopmental problem's severity and parental scores...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284804/anxiety-and-depression-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
Arko Banerjee, Sujit Sarkhel, Rajib Sarkar, Gopal Krishna Dhali
Background: Psychological factors have been prominently implicated in the causation as well as maintenance of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Studies comparing psychiatric morbidity in IBS with healthy controls have reported contrasting findings. The current study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with IBS in comparison to healthy controls and to explore the relationship, if any, of anxiety and depression with various subtypes of IBS. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive patients of IBS (diagnosed as per Rome III criteria) between 18 and 65 years of age and fifty age- and sex-matched healthy controls were assessed for the presence of anxiety and depression using Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAMA) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), respectively...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283614/significant-others-weight-related-comments-and-their-associations-with-weight-control-behavior-muscle-enhancing-behavior-and-emotional-well-being
#19
Marla E Eisenberg, Rachel Franz, Jerica M Berge, Katie A Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
INTRODUCTION: This large mixed-method study examines the prevalence of reported positive and negative weight-related comments from significant others and ways in which they are associated with weight-control and muscle-enhancing behaviors and emotional well-being in young adults. METHOD: As part of Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults)-IV, survey data were provided by 1,436 young adult men and women with a significant other in 2015-2016 (mean age = 31...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282787/development-and-evaluation-of-the-expressions-of-moral-injury-scale-military-version
#20
Joseph M Currier, Jacob K Farnsworth, Kent D Drescher, Ryon C McDermott, Brook M Sims, David L Albright
There is consensus that military personnel can encounter a far more diverse set of challenges than researchers and clinicians have historically appreciated. Moral injury (MI) represents an emerging construct to capture behavioural, social, and spiritual suffering that may transcend and overlap with mental health diagnoses (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder). The Expressions of Moral Injury Scale-Military Version (EMIS-M) was developed to provide a reliable and valid means for assessing the warning signs of a MI in military populations...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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