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Depression subtypes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104985/high-risk-of-temporomandibular-disorder-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-is-there-a-correlation-with-greater-illness-severity
#1
Serena Gallotta, Vincenzo Bruno, Santo Catapano, Nicola Mobilio, Carolina Ciacci, Paola Iovino
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and the risk of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (including each subtype: constipation, diarrhoea, and mixed) compared to the general population. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015 we enrolled consecutively adult patients diagnosed with IBS at the outpatient clinic of the University of Salerno and healthy controls (HC) without IBS. At enrollment, we analyzed all patients for the presence of TMDs according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099215/prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-an-epidemiologic-survey-and-investigation-of-clinical-correlates
#2
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Pedram Paragomi, Ashraf Shahali, Maryam Akhlaghkhah, Mahmood Akbarian, Maassoomeh Akhlaghi, Masoumeh Kheirandish, Farhad Gharibdoost
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic multisystem connective tissue disorder with detrimental impact on quality of life. Patients with SSc face emotional distress and frequently meet criteria for a psychiatric disorder. However, the pattern of psychiatric manifestations may vary according to socioethnic background. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms and examined their association with sociodemographic and clinical factors in Iranian SSc patients...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097536/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-in-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-in-nigeria
#3
Musa U Umar, Auwal S Salihu, Shakirat D Owolabi
Substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with ADHD. ADHD increases the severity of SUD and has negative influence on the prognosis of the disorder. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of ADHD in individuals with SUD. During 2013-2015, a cross-sectional descriptive study of 233 drug treatment-seeking individuals was assessed. Diagnosis of ADHD was done using DSM-IV criteria with the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults (DIVA 2.0), while Semi-structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism (SSADDA 6...
January 17, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092410/big-five-personality-characteristics-are-associated-with-depression-subtypes-and-symptom-dimensions-of-depression-in-older-adults
#4
A M L Koorevaar, J M Hegeman, F Lamers, A D F Dhondt, R C van der Mast, M L Stek, H C Comijs
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of personality characteristics with both subtypes and symptom dimensions of depression in older adults. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight depressed older adults participated in the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons. Personality characteristics were assessed by the NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Subtypes and symptom dimensions of depression were determined using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092305/prevalence-and-impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-ccfa-partners
#5
Maisa I Abdalla, Robert S Sandler, Michael D Kappelman, Christopher F Martin, Wenli Chen, Kristen Anton, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with persistent symptoms despite no or minimal inflammation are frequently described as having an overlap of IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBD-IBS). Limited data are available on how IBS impacts the individual patient with IBD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of IBD-IBS and investigate its impact on patient-reported outcomes. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional analysis within the CCFA Partners Study...
February 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089265/gender-differences-in-parkinson-s-disease-depression
#6
Andrew J Perrin, Ekaterina Nosova, Kim Co, Adam Book, Oscar Iu, Vanessa Silva, Christina Thompson, Martin J McKeown, A Jon Stoessl, Matthew J Farrer, Silke Appel-Cresswell
INTRODUCTION: 30-40% of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience depression during their illness; identifying subtypes of depression and groups at risk remains a challenge in routine clinical care. One avenue that remains underexplored is the gender-specific profiles manifested in PD depression. We sought to explore this in a large sample of clinical PD patients. METHODS: 307 patient records at a tertiary referral centre were reviewed for clinical and demographic factors...
December 29, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076632/-emma-study-a-brazilian-community-based-cohort-study-of-stroke-mortality-and-morbidity
#7
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke has a high burden of disability and mortality. The aim here was to evaluate epidemiology, risk factors and prognosis for stroke in the EMMA Study (Study of Stroke Mortality and Morbidity). DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Prospective community-based cohort carried out in Hospital Universitário, University of São Paulo, 2006-2014. METHODS: Stroke data based on fatal and non-fatal events were assessed, including sociodemographic data, mortality and predictors, which were evaluated by means of logistic regression and survival analyses...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076387/distinct-subtypes-of-apathy-revealed-by-the-apathy-motivation-index
#8
Yuen-Siang Ang, Patricia Lockwood, Matthew A J Apps, Kinan Muhammed, Masud Husain
Apathy is a debilitating but poorly understood disorder characterized by a reduction in motivation. As well as being associated with several brain disorders, apathy is also prevalent in varying degrees in healthy people. Whilst many tools have been developed to assess levels of apathy in clinical disorders, surprisingly there are no measures of apathy suitable for healthy people. Moreover, although apathy is commonly comorbid with symptoms of depression, anhedonia and fatigue, how and why these symptoms are associated is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#9
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072414/evidence-for-genetic-heterogeneity-between-clinical-subtypes-of-bipolar-disorder
#10
A W Charney, D M Ruderfer, E A Stahl, J L Moran, K Chambert, R A Belliveau, L Forty, K Gordon-Smith, A Di Florio, P H Lee, E J Bromet, P F Buckley, M A Escamilla, A H Fanous, L J Fochtmann, D S Lehrer, D Malaspina, S R Marder, C P Morley, H Nicolini, D O Perkins, J J Rakofsky, M H Rapaport, H Medeiros, J L Sobell, E K Green, L Backlund, S E Bergen, A Juréus, M Schalling, P Lichtenstein, P Roussos, J A Knowles, I Jones, L A Jones, C M Hultman, R H Perlis, S M Purcell, S A McCarroll, C N Pato, M T Pato, N Craddock, M Landén, J W Smoller, P Sklar
We performed a genome-wide association study of 6447 bipolar disorder (BD) cases and 12 639 controls from the International Cohort Collection for Bipolar Disorder (ICCBD). Meta-analysis was performed with prior results from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium Bipolar Disorder Working Group for a combined sample of 13 902 cases and 19 279 controls. We identified eight genome-wide significant, associated regions, including a novel associated region on chromosome 10 (rs10884920; P=3.28 × 10(-8)) that includes the brain-enriched cytoskeleton protein adducin 3 (ADD3), a non-coding RNA, and a neuropeptide-specific aminopeptidase P (XPNPEP1)...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064358/incipient-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-is-more-common-than-expected-and-may-comprise-clinicopathological-subtypes-a-forensic-autopsy-series
#11
Koji Yoshida, Yukiko Hata, Koshi Kinoshita, Shutaro Takashima, Kortaro Tanaka, Naoki Nishida
We investigated 998 serial Japanese forensic autopsy cases (0-101 years old, mean age 61.7 ± 21.9), with no case selection, using immunohistochemistry to detect cases with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Twenty-nine cases (mean age 82.3 ± 7.2 years, 11 males, 18 females) fulfilled the National Institute of Neuronal Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)-PSP pathological criteria (2.9% of all cases, 4.6% of cases over 60). All had neuronal and glial inclusions in the basal ganglia and brainstem. However, 13 cases had low tau pathology and were categorized as atypical PSP...
January 7, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056534/episodic-status-migrainosus-a-novel-migraine-subtype
#12
Tarun D Singh, F Michael Cutrer, Jonathan H Smith
Objective To report a case series of a novel migraine subtype, which we term as episodic status migrainosus (ESM), characterized by attacks of migraine exclusively lasting more than 72 hours. We hypothesized that this would represent a novel nosologic entity, possibly an unstable migraine phenotype with a high conversion rate to chronic migraine (CM). Methods We conducted a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with status migrainosus at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, between January 2005 and December 2015...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054669/comparison-of-the-pharmacological-profiles-of-selective-pde4b-and-pde4d-inhibitors-in-the-central-nervous-system
#13
Chong Zhang, Ying Xu, Han-Ting Zhang, Mark E Gurney, James M O'Donnell
Inhibition of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-specific phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) has been proposed as a potential treatment for a series of neuropsychological conditions such as depression, anxiety and memory loss. However, the specific involvement of each of the PDE4 subtypes (PDE4A, 4B and 4C) in different categories of behavior has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we compared the possible pharmacological effects of PDE4B and PDE4D selective inhibitors, A-33 and D159687, in mediating neurological function in mice...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049103/depressive-symptom-composites-associated-with-cortisol-stress-reactivity-in-adolescents
#14
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Alyssa S Mielock, Uma Rao
BACKGROUND: Altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function is common in youth with major depressive disorder (MDD) but variability in the strength and direction of HPA alterations has prompted a search for symptom-based subtypes with unique neuroendocrine signatures. This study investigated the extent to which depressive symptom composites were differentially associated with cortisol responses to psychosocial stress. METHODS: This study examined salivary cortisol responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in 145 adolescents who varied in their risk for MDD: 38 had current MDD; 35 were healthy but at high risk for MDD based on having one or both parents with unipolar MDD; and 72 were healthy youth with no personal or family history of a psychiatric disorder...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045134/methamphetamine-and-ovarian-steroid-responsive-cells-in-the-posteriodorsal-medial-amygdala-are-required-for-methamphetamine-enhanced-proceptive-behaviors
#15
Katrina M Williams, Jessica A Mong
Methamphetamine (Meth) is a psychomotor stimulant strongly associated with increases in sexual drive and impulse in both men and women. These changes in sexual motivation have a greater impact on women due to their likelihood of facing the greater burden of unplanned pregnancies, as well as increased risk for psychiatric co-morbidities such as depression. We have previously established a rodent model of Meth-induced increases in sexual motivation. Using this model, we have identified the posteriodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) via excitotoxic lesion studies as a necessary nucleus in Meth-facilitated female sexual motivation...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040657/neuropsychological-profiles-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-during-euthymia-a-systematic-literature-review-of-comparative-studies
#16
REVIEW
Alejandro G Szmulewicz, Marina P Valerio, José M Smith, Cecilia Samamé, Diego J Martino, Sergio A Strejilevich
Bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder have been shown to be associated with neurocognitive abnormalities during periods of clinical remission. However, at present, there is no consensus on whether these disorders have distinctive cognitive profiles. The aim of this study was to provide an updated systematic review of studies comparing neuropsychological functioning between bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder during remission. Main findings included the following: 1) no differences regarding performances in measures of attention and processing speed, executive functions and theory of mind were found between both patient groups and 2) regarding verbal memory, preliminary evidence points towards a more defective performance in patients with bipolar disorder than those with major depressive disorder...
December 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039667/body-dissatisfaction-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#17
Isabel Laporta-Herrero, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera, Belén Barajas-Iglesias, Miguel Ángel Santed-Germán
PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze and compare the level of body dissatisfaction (BD) in different eating disorders (ED) subtypes. Also, the relationship between BD and certain aesthetic body shape model influence and psychological variables was analyzed. METHODS: The sample consisted of 204 adolescent patients, who were attending in an ED Unit in Zaragoza (Spain). The following instruments were applied: the Spanish Children's Depression Questionnaire (CEDI-II), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40), the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) and the Questionnaire of Influences of Aesthetic Body shape Model (CIMEC-40)...
December 30, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028602/negative-affect-subtypes-and-craving-differentially-predict-long-term-cessation-success-among-smokers-achieving-initial-abstinence
#18
Yantao Zuo, Norka E Rabinovich, David G Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the associations of individual trajectories of three types of negative affect (NA: anxiety, depression, and anger) and craving during a 44-day period of incentivized smoking abstinence period with cessation outcome at 3 months and at 1 year. METHODS: Adult smokers (N = 140) completed questionnaire assessments of NA and craving during pre-quit baseline sessions and 15 postquit sessions over the 45 days of biochemically verified abstinence while on nicotine or placebo patch treatment...
December 27, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028523/anxiety-depression-and-distress-among-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-their-subtypes-an-epidemiological-population-based-study
#19
Hamidreza Roohafza, Ehsan Zare Bidaki, Ammar Hasanzadeh-Keshteli, Hamed Daghaghzade, Hamid Afshar, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders are common in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We conducted this study to investigate the relationship of IBS and their subtypes with some of psychological factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 4763 staff of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2011. Modified ROME III questionnaire and Talley Bowel Disease Questionnaire were used to evaluate IBS symptoms. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and 12-item General Health Questionnaire were utilized to assess anxiety, depression and psychological distress...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027956/neuropsychological-changes-in-melancholic-and-atypical-depression-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Nayanne Beckmann Bosaipo, Maria Paula Foss, Allan H Young, Mario Francisco Juruena
There is not a consensus as to whether neuropsychological profiling can distinguish depressive subtypes. We aimed to systematically review and critically analyse the literature on cognitive function in patients with melancholic and atypical depression. We searched in databases PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Knowledge and PsycInfo for papers comparing the neuropsychological performance of melancholic patients (MEL) to non-melancholic depressive patients (NMEL), including atypical depressives, and healthy controls (HC)...
December 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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