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Mycotic aneurysms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349429/repair-of-a-mycotic-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-neonate-using-an-everted-jugular-vein-patch
#1
Samantha L Ahle, Jonathan A Cardella, Muriel A Cleary, David H Stitelman, Timur P Sarac, Michael G Caty
A 43-day-old boy presented with bacteremia after umbilical artery catheterization. Duplex ultrasound examination revealed a 1.1- × 1.6-cm mycotic infrarenal aortic aneurysm and an incidental asymptomatic occluded right common iliac artery. Resection and repair were completed by creating an everted, double-layered internal jugular vein patch. Screening ultrasound examination 10 months postoperatively demonstrated successful repair.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349420/common-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-secondary-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-treated-with-resection-and-reconstruction-with-saphenous-vein-graft
#2
Kalenda Kasangana, Michael Shih, Paul Saunders, Robert Rhee
Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms secondary to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection are exceedingly rare. Despite an uncommon location and offending pathogen, the treatment paradigm follows that of all mycotic aneurysms. We report the case of a right common carotid artery pseudoaneurysm caused by a tuberculous infection, successfully treated with antibiotics, resection, and autologous interposition graft.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336743/multiple-mycotic-visceral-artery-aneurysms
#3
Mujtaba Z Naveed, Amit Joshi, Evan Deutsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320324/spectrum-of-coronary-artery-aneurysms-from-the-radiologic-pathology-archives
#4
Jean Jeudy, Charles S White, Seth J Kligerman, Jonathan L Killam, Allen P Burke, Jacob W Sechrist, Amar B Shah, Rydhwana Hossain, Aletta Ann Frazier
Advances in medical diagnosis reveal that coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) may develop in several clinical scenarios and manifest variable symptoms, imaging appearances, and outcomes. Aneurysms are pathologically classified into three groups: atherosclerotic, inflammatory, and noninflammatory. The last category is associated with congenital, inherited, and connective tissue disorders. Overlap exists among the groups, because secondary atherosclerotic change may be present in an aneurysm of any cause. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of CAAs in adults, and inflammation is considered the underlying mechanism...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320313/acute-radiologic-manifestations-of-america-s-opioid-epidemic
#5
David D B Bates, Katherine Gallagher, HeiShun Yu, Jennifer Uyeda, Akira M Murakami, Bindu N Setty, Stephan W Anderson, Mariza O Clement
The United States is in the midst of an opioid use epidemic, which has severe medical, social, and economic consequences. Addictions to and abuse of prescription and illicit opioids are increasing, and emergency department radiologists are increasingly being faced with the task of examining patients who present with opioid-related complications. These complications may be the result of direct drug toxicity or nonsterile injection of the drugs. Neurologic, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, genitourinary, and gastrointestinal complications may be evident at diagnostic imaging in emergent settings...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285995/the-challenges-of-treating-aspergillus-abdominal-aneurysm-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-rapid-voriconazole-metabolizer
#6
Justin A Wasko, Celalettin Ustun, Mark Birkenbach, Rumi Faizer, Jaime S Green
Mycotic aneurysms are a fatal manifestation of disseminated fungal infections in immunocompromised hosts. We present a patient with an Aspergillus mycotic aneurysm after hematopoietic cell transplant. Due to CYP2C19 rapid metabolizer phenotype (*1/*17), therapeutic levels of voriconazole were unobtainable. Successful therapy was achieved with posaconazole salvage therapy and early, aggressive surgery. This case demonstrates the consequences of voriconazole rapid metabolism and the potential impact of genetic variants...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284415/streptococcus-agalactiae-infective-endocarditis-complicated-by-multiple-mycotic-hepatic-aneurysms-and-massive-splenic-infarction-a-case-report
#7
Pietro Achilli, Angelo Guttadauro, Paolo Bonfanti, Sabina Terragni, Luca Fumagalli, Ugo Cioffi, Francesco Gabrielli, Matilde De Simone, Marco Chiarelli
BACKGROUND: The burden of disease caused by Streptococcus agalactiae has increased significantly among older adults in the last decades. Group B streptococcus infection can be associated with invasive disease and severe clinical syndromes, such as meningitis and endocarditis. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 56-year-old man who developed multiple mycotic aneurysms of the right hepatic artery and massive splenic infarction as rare complications of Streptococcus agalactiae infective endocarditis...
December 29, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246434/endovascular-repair-of-acute-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#8
Chiara Mascoli, Massimo Vezzosi, Andreas Koutsoumpelis, Mauro Iafrancesco, Aaron Ranasinghe, Paul Clift, Jorge Mascaro, Martin Claridge, Donald J Adam
OBJECTIVES: The outcome of endovascular repair (EVAR) for acute TAAA is reported and the applicability of the t-Branch off the shelf (OTS) device is determined. METHODS: Interrogation of a prospectively maintained database identified all patients who underwent EVAR for acute TAAA between September 2012 (when the first non-elective t-Branch case was performed) and November 2015. Early and medium-term outcomes were analysed. Survival and re-intervention-free survival were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239196/clinical-experience-of-positron-emission-tomography-in-infective-aortic-disease
#9
Julian S Tsang, Yiu Che Chan, Yuk Law, Stephen W Cheng
Background Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography with computed tomography has revolutionized medical diagnosis by adding functional activity to anatomic imaging. We report our experience with this technique in patients with mycotic aortic pathology and aortic vascular graft infection. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of a prospective database of patients who underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography with computed tomography for suspected infective aortic disease...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238621/burkholderia-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Sreelakshmi Panginikkod, Aishwarya Ramachandran, Pratyusha Bollimunta, Roshanak Habibi, Roshan Kumar Arjal, Venu Gopalakrishnan
Melioidosis is a frequently fatal infection caused by the Gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei endemic to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It is a rare imported pathogen in the United States and is a potential bioterror agent. We report the case of an 82-year-old previously healthy man who presented with 2 weeks of fever and epigastric pain after he returned from the Philippines. A diagnosis of nondissecting mycotic aneurysm in the descending thoracic aorta was made with the help of CT angiogram and positive blood cultures...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237673/mycotic-pulmonary-artery-aneurysm-secondary-to-septic-emboli
#11
Kellen A Knowles, Matthew Alvin, Emily Dunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234735/the-case-of-the-neighbour-s-cat-causing-a-symptomatic-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-an-infected-endograft
#12
Ahmed Shalan, Nicky Wilson, Jon Poels, Anna Ikponmwosa, Stephen Cavanagh
Introduction: Aortic endograft infection is a rare but serious complication following endovascular aneurysm repair. An unusual presentation associated with an uncommon organism is reported. Case report: A 69 year old female was prescribed but failed to complete a full course of co-amoxiclav following a forearm cat bite. Nine days later she was admitted with pyrexia, left flank pain, and haematuria. Empiric treatment for a urinary tract infection was started. Pasteurella multocida was isolated from blood culture performed during this attendance...
2017: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234609/outcomes-of-open-repair-of-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms-with-in-situ-replacement
#13
Hyo-Hyun Kim, Do Jung Kim, Hyun-Chel Joo
Background: Mycotic aortic aneurysms are rare and life-threatening. Unfortunately, no established guidelines exist for the treatment of patients with mycotic aortic aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the midterm outcomes of the open repair of mycotic thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms and suggest a therapeutic strategy. Methods: From 2006 to 2016, 19 patients underwent open repair for an aortic aneurysm. All infected tissue was extensively debrided and covered with soft tissue...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233355/thoracic-pseudoaneurysm-caused-by-malignant-lymphoma
#14
Toshifumi Hiraoka, Tatsuhiko Komiya, Hiroshi Tsuneyoshi, Takeshi Shimamoto
We describe the case of a 69-year-old man with a thoracic pseudoaneurysm caused by a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. He had a large mass inside the aortic arch. Five weeks later, an asymptomatic aneurysm protruding from the minor curvature of the distal aortic arch was observed. We suspected a mycotic pseudoaneurysm and performed total arch replacement with an omental pedicle flap graft. Intraoperative tissue cultures and histopathologic tests identified no bacteria, however. Eventually, a pathologic examination revealed that the structure initially suspected to be an intramural thrombus was a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225626/hemothorax-due-to-ruptured-mycotic-aneurysm-of-intercostal-arteries-associated-with-infective-endocarditis
#15
Eddie Y Liu, Jennifer Crawford, Haissam Haddad
We present a case of hemothorax due to ruptured mycotic aneurysm in three intercostal arteries in a 40-year-old male with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis (IE) due to intravenous drug use. Microcoil embolization and thoracotomy successfully achieved hemostasis. Mycotic aneurysm is a rare complication of IE and is usually found in the intracranial vessels. Ruptured mycotic aneurysm in the intercostal arteries can be associated with IE and can present as acute hemothorax.
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206004/outcomes-of-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-the-modern-era
#16
Jacob Budtz-Lilly, Anders Wanhainen, Kevin Mani
Monitoring outcomes following endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is critical. Although evidence from randomized controlled trials has solidified the role of EVAR, the analysis of outcomes and "real-world" data has uncovered limitations, improved the selection of appropriate patients, and underscored the importance of instructions for use. Subsequent studies demonstrated the learning curve of EVAR and gradual improvement of outcomes over time. Outcomes analyses will continue to play an important role, particularly as technological growth of endovascular therapy has enabled treatment of more complex aneurysm pathologies and patients...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199248/progressive-mycotic-celiac-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-coagulase-negative-staphylococcal-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#17
Makoto Tanaka, Takashi Kohno, Hideaki Obara, Seishi Nakatsuka, Takahiko Nishiyama, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Hikaru Tsuruta, Mitsushige Murata, Yuichiro Maekawa, Akihiro Yoshitake, Motoaki Sano, Hideyuki Shimizu, Keiichi Fukuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198233/subarachnoid-haemorrhage-from-undiagnosed-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-child
#18
Takeshi Shinkawa, Raghu H Ramakrishnaiah, Brian K Eble
We report a case of subarachnoid haemorrhage resulting from a mycotic aortic aneurysm in a child with CHD. The patient previously underwent operations for CHD and had a subarachnoid haemorrhage of unknown cause before the scheduled re-operation. During the re-operation, a sealed rupture of an undiagnosed mycotic ascending aortic aneurysm was identified, and the causative organism was later identified as Streptococcus. A postoperative MRI indicated a partially thrombosed cerebral aneurysm. This case demonstrates that a mycotic aortic aneurysm can be a cause of intracranial haemorrhage in children...
December 4, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197388/spontaneous-hemothorax-caused-by-ruptured-multiple-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Po-Sung Li, Chung-Lin Tsai, Sung-Yuan Hu, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Yao-Tien Chang
BACKGROUND: Mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a rare clinical entity with an incidence of 1-3%, but it is a life-threatening infection of aorta characterized by dilatation of aorta with false lumen. Multiple MAAs have been reported rarely with an incidence of 0.03% and associated with a high mortality rate of 80% if ruptured. CASE PRESENTATION: A hypertensive and diabetic 78-year-old man visited our emergency department complaining intermittent dull and tingled pain over the left flank region for 1 week...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183165/cerebral-mycotic-aneurysms-secondary-to-streptococcus-agalactiae-induced-infective-endocarditis
#20
Fardad T Afshari, Kumayl Al-Lawati, Swarupsinh Chavda, Stephen Billing, Graham Flint
Subarachnoid and intraparenchymal haemorrhages due to cerebral mycotic aneurysms are rare and associated with high mortality. Streptococcus agalactiae, is a rare cause of endocarditis and there are no reported cases of cerebral mycotic aneurysms secondary to this organism. We report a rare case of streptococcus agalctiae induced intracranial mycotic aneurysm.
November 28, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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