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scutellaria lateriflora

Tao Zhou, Aijie Zhang, Ge Kuang, Xia Gong, Rong Jiang, Dan Lin, Jie Li, Hongzhong Li, Xiang Zhang, Jingyuan Wan, Hongyuan Li
Metastasis is the main cause of death in breast cancer patients, which is due partly to the lack of effective treatment. Baicalin, a flavonoid compound isolated from the roots of Scutellaria lateriflora Georgi (Huang Qin), has recently been confirmed as an effective agent for the treatment of a variety of cancers. Yet, the effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of baicalin in regards to the metastasis of breast cancer remain unclear. In the present study, we found that baicalin had the potential to suppress the migration and invasion of highly aggressive breast cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner but had no impact on the viability of these cancer cells...
September 28, 2017: Oncology Reports
Beata Kawka, Inga Kwiecień, Halina Ekiert
Methanolic extracts from in vitro grown Scutellaria lateriflora shoots cultured on five Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium variants supplemented with different combinations of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) under different light conditions (monochromatic light, white light and no light) were analysed by HPLC for three groups of metabolites: flavonoids (26 compounds), phenolic acids and their precursors (19+2) and phenylethanoid glycosides (2). The analyses revealed the presence of baicalein, baicalin, wogonin, wogonoside, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and verbascoside...
December 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Mukesh Kumar, Eshvendar Reddy Kasala, Lakshmi Narendra Bodduluru, Vicky Dahiya, Mangala Lahkar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of baicalein, main bioactive constituent from roots of Scutellaria baicalensis and Scutellaria lateriflora, on isoproterenol (ISO) induced acute myocardial infarction model in rats and to explore the underlying mechanisms. METHOD: Rats were treated with baicalein (50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg) orally for 14 days and on 13th and 14th day, myocardial injury was induced by ISO injection (100 mg/kg, subcutaneous) at an interval of 24 h...
August 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Yangchun Xie, Xinxin Song, Xiaofang Sun, Jin Huang, Meizuo Zhong, Michael T Lotze, Herbert J Zeh, Rui Kang, Daolin Tang
Ferroptosis, a novel form of regulated cell death, is characterized by oxidative injury from iron accumulation and lipid peroxidation. In a natural product library screening for ferroptosis inhibitor, we found that baicalein is a potent inhibitor of erastin-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer cells. Baicalein (also termed 5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid originally obtained from the roots of Scutellaria baicalensis and Scutellaria lateriflora. We showed that baicalein exhibits remarkable anti-ferroptosis activity compared with well-known ferroptosis inhibitors such as ferrostatin-1, liproxstatin-1, deferoxamine mesylate, and β-mercaptoethanol...
May 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Keumhan Noh, Youra Kang, Mahesh Raj Nepal, Ki Sun Jeong, Do Gyeong Oh, Mi Jeong Kang, Sangkyu Lee, Wonku Kang, Hye Gwang Jeong, Tae Cheon Jeong
Since many glycoside compounds in natural products are hydrolyzed by intestinal microbiota when administered orally, it is of interest to know whether their pharmacological effects are derived from the glycoside itself or from the aglycone form in vivo. An interesting example is baicalin versus baicalein, the aglycone of baicalin, which is contained in some herbs from Labiatae including Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Scutellaria lateriflora Linne. The herbs have been extensively used for treatment of inflammatory diseases in Asia...
March 10, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiujuan Shi, Guangfeng Chen, Xiaoqiang Liu, Yu Qiu, Shuzhang Yang, Yan Zhang, Xuexun Fang, Chen Zhang, Xiaoqing Liu
Fibrosarcoma is an aggressive and highly metastatic cancer of the connective tissue, for which effective therapeutic methods are limited. Recently, there has been a renewed interest in small molecular compounds from natural products in the treatment of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the compound, scutellarein, extracted from the perennial herb Scutellaria lateriflora, and it was found to possess anticancer potential. Cell proliferation assay and cell cycle analysis revealed that the proliferation rate of HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells was significantly suppressed by treatment with scutellarein through the induction of apoptosis...
January 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Zachary Marsh, Tianhong Yang, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Shuchi Wu, Taylor Ingle, Nirmal Joshee, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar
Scutellaria lateriflora (American skullcap) has been used in traditional medicine to treat several medical conditions including nervous disorders and cancer. Previous studies have associated these medicinal properties to flavones present in roots and leaves of this species. In order to develop a production system and study the biosynthesis of these bioactive compounds, hairy root cultures of S. lateriflora were established and line 4 was selected for further studies based on its growth performance in a modified Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with 0...
November 2014: Phytochemistry
Maxleene Sandasi, Ilze Vermaak, Weiyang Chen, Alvaro M Viljoen
Scutellaria lateriflora (skullcap) is a medicinal herb that has a long history of use in the treatment of ailments such as insomnia and anxiety. Commercial herbal formulations claiming to contain S. laterifolia herba have flooded the consumer markets. However, due to intentional or unintentional adulteration, cases of hepatotoxicity have been reported. Possible adulteration with the potentially hepatotoxic Teucrium spp., T. canadense and T. chamaedrys has been reported. In this study, hyperspectral imaging in combination with multivariate image analysis methods was used to differentiate S...
October 2014: Planta Medica
Madhukar Lohani, Manuj Ahuja, Manal A Buabeid, Schwartz Dean, Shannon Dennis, Vishnu Suppiramaniam, Barbara Kemppainen, Muralikrishnan Dhanasekaran
Scutellaria lateriflora (American skullcap), a native plant of North America, has been used by Americans and Europeans as a nerve tonic for more than 200 years. In vivo studies have shown anxiolytic activity ofS. lateriflora in animals and humans. However, the neuroprotective mechanisms ofS. lateriflora are not fully understood. Oxidative stress plays a vital role in the neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases such as anxiety, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and Parkinson's disease. Bioactive compounds present in various medicinal plants neutralize or scavenge toxic free radicals and thus suppress oxidative stress...
October 2013: Natural Product Communications
Jae Kwang Kim, Young Seon Kim, Yeji Kim, Md Romij Uddin, Yeon Bok Kim, Haeng Hoon Kim, Soo Yun Park, Mi Young Lee, Sun Ok Chung, Sang Un Park
Baicalin, baicalein, and wogonin were accumulated in hairy roots derived from Scutellaria lateriflora and Scutellaria baicalensis. The levels of baicalein and baicalin were 6.8 and 5.0 times higher, respectively, in S. baicalensis than in S. lateriflora. A total of 47 metabolites were detected and identified in Scutellaria species by GC-TOF MS. The metabolites from the two species were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) to evaluate differences. PCA fully distinguished between the two species. The results showed that individual phenolic acids and phenylalanine, precursors for the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway, were higher in S...
March 2014: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Christine Brock, Julie Whitehouse, Ihab Tewfik, Tony Towell
Scutellaria lateriflora, a traditional herbal remedy for stress and anxiety, was tested on human volunteers for its effects on mood. In a placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study, 43 healthy participants were randomised to a sequence of three times daily S. lateriflora (350 mg) or placebo, each over two weeks. In this relatively non-anxious population (81% were mildly anxious or less, i.e. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) scores ≤ 15), there was no significant difference between skullcap and placebo with BAI (p = 0...
May 2014: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jerome Sarris, Erica McIntyre, David A Camfield
Research in the area of herbal psychopharmacology has revealed a variety of promising medicines that may provide benefit in the treatment of general anxiety and specific anxiety disorders. However, a comprehensive review of plant-based anxiolytics has been absent to date. Thus, our aim was to provide a comprehensive narrative review of plant-based medicines that have clinical and/or preclinical evidence of anxiolytic activity. We present the article in two parts. In part one, we reviewed herbal medicines for which only preclinical investigations for anxiolytic activity have been performed...
April 2013: CNS Drugs
Agata Wilczańska-Barska, Aleksandra Królicka, Daniel Głód, Magdalena Majdan, Anna Kawiak, Mirosława Krauze-Baranowska
Hairy root cultures of Scutellaria lateriflora were established using Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4 and produced acteoside (18.5 mg g(-1) dry wt), baicalin (14.5 mg g(-1) dry wt) and wogonoside (12 mg g(-1) dry wt). Yeast extract (50 μg ml(-1)) increased acteoside production 1.4-fold and flavone production 1.7-fold after 7 and 14 days of elicitation. Addition of Pectobacterium carotovorum lysate in the stationary phase of the hairy root culture stimulated only the accumulation of wogonin to 30 mg g(-1) dry wt...
September 2012: Biotechnology Letters
Minpei Kuroda, Katsura Iwabuchi, Yoshihiro Mimaki
MeOH extracts of 37 herbs were tested in screening experiments for rat intestinal alpha-glucosidase. The MeOH extract of the aerial parts of Scutellaria lateriflora L. (Lamiaceae) significantly inhibited sucrase and maltase activities, using sucrose and maltase as the substrates. Enzyme inhibition guided-fractionation of the MeOH extract of S. lateriflora resulted in the isolation of a new diterpene glucoside, deacetylajugarin-IV 18-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), along with 20 known phenolics (2-21). The structures of 1-21 were elucidated on the basis of MS and NMR data analyses...
April 2012: Natural Product Communications
Martin Eiden, Fabienne Leidel, Barbara Strohmeier, Christine Fast, Martin H Groschup
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) are characterized by the misfolding of the host encoded prion protein (PrP(C)) into a pathogenic isoform (PrP(Sc)) which leads to the accumulation of β-sheet-rich fibrils and subsequent loss of neurons and synaptic functions. Although many compounds have been identified which inhibit accumulation or dissolve fibrils and aggregates in vitro there is no therapeutic treatment to stop these progressive neurodegenerative diseases. Here we describe the effects of the traditional medicinal herb Scutellaria lateriflora (S...
2012: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jing Li, Yan-Hong Wang, Troy J Smillie, Ikhlas A Khan
Scutellaria lateriflora has been used more than 200 years as a mild relaxant and as a therapy for anxiety, nervous tension, and convulsions. Currently, it is one of the most popular botanicals with many products on the USA market. Flavonoids with anxiolytic property have been reported from the aerial parts of this plant. From the HPLC chromatogram of the methanolic extract of this plant, it can be concluded that some flavonoids have not been identified yet. In the present study a simple high-performance liquid chromatography with UV and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric detection (HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS(n)) method has been developed for the identification of major phenolic compounds from it...
April 7, 2012: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Jianghao Sun, Pei Chen
Scutellaria lateriflora, commonly known as skullcap, is used as an ingredient in numerous herbal products. However, it has been occasionally adulterated/contaminated with Teucrium canadense and/or Teucrium chamaedrys, commonly known as germander, due to the morphological similarities between the two genera. The latter contains hepatotoxic diterpenes. Despite the potential hepatotoxicity introduced by germander contamination, analytical methodologies for the authentication and quality assessment of S. lateriflora-based dietary supplements have not been reported...
September 2011: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jerome Sarris, Alexander Panossian, Isaac Schweitzer, Con Stough, Andrew Scholey
Research in the area of herbal psychopharmacology has increased markedly over the past decades. To date however, a comprehensive review of herbal antidepressant, anxiolytic and hypnotic psychopharmacology and applications in depression, anxiety and insomnia has been absent. A search of MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library databases was conducted (up to February 21st 2011) on commonly used psychotropic herbal medicines. A review of the literature was conducted to ascertain mechanisms of action of these botanicals, in addition to a systematic review of controlled clinical trials for treatment of mood, anxiety and sleep disorders, which are common comorbid psychiatric disorders...
December 2011: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Pei Chen, Long-Ze Lin, James M Harnly
Scutellaria lateriflora, commonly known as skullcap, is used as an ingredient in numerous herbal products. However, it has been occasionally adulterated/contaminated with Teucrium canadense and T. chamaedrys, commonly known as germander, which contain hepatotoxic diterpenes. Due to the morphological similarities between the two genera, analytical methodologies to distinguish authentic S. lateriflora from the Teucrium species are needed to ensure public safety. In this study, a direct-injection electrospray ionization/MS method was used to generate spectral fingerprints of extracts from 21 skullcap and germander samples at a rate of 90 s/sample...
July 2010: Journal of AOAC International
Thao Hong, Mijeong Lee Jeong, Michael Zahn, Brooke A Fay, Kangwoo Lee, Huunjung Hwangbo, Eunhye Park, Minjung Kim, Wenwen Ma
Teucrium chamaedrys (Gemander) has been reported as an adulterant of Scutellaria lateriflora (American skullcap) herbal preparations and is also known to be hepatotoxic. A quick and simple high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed for the detection of T. chamaedrys (Germander) in S. baicalensis (Chinese skullcap) extract, an ingredient of the proprietary blend product, Univestin. The HPTLC profile of T. chamaedrys was distinguished from that of S. baicalensis by its bright green fluorescence bands...
May 2009: Journal of AOAC International
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