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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454716/emergency-management-of-priapism-in-the-united-kingdom-a-survey-of-current-practice
#1
Nicholas Bullock, Martin Steggall, Gareth Brown
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, current practice in the emergency management of priapism in the United Kingdom is unknown. AIM: To evaluate current practice in the emergency management of priapism in the United Kingdom. METHODS: All "full," "associate urological specialist," and "trainee" members of the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS; leading membership-based organization for practitioners of urologic surgery in the United Kingdom) were invited to participate in an online survey...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454634/feminizing-genital-gender-confirmation-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Miriam Hadj-Moussa, Dana A Ohl, William M Kuzon
INTRODUCTION: For many patients with gender dysphoria, gender-confirmation surgery (GCS) helps align their physical characteristics with their gender identity and is a fundamental element of comprehensive treatment. This article is the 2nd in a 3-part series about the treatment of gender dysphoria. Non-operative management was covered in part 1. This section begins broadly by reviewing surgical eligibility criteria, benefits of GCS, and factors associated with regret for transgender men and women...
February 14, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452979/3-piece-inflatable-penile-prosthesis-placement-following-radical-cystoprostatectomy-and-urinary-diversion-technique-and-outcomes
#3
Jeffrey Loh-Doyle, Mukul B Patil, Hari Sawkar, Kevin Wayne, Stuart D Boyd
BACKGROUND: After radical cystoprostatectomy (RC), postoperative erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common consequence with multiple contributing etiologies. The inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) offers patients a definitive treatment option when ED is refractory to medical therapies. Because of the hostile postoperative anatomy of these patients, a careful surgical approach is necessary for successful outcomes and to avoid adjacent organ injury. To date, there is no series describing the outcomes of 3-piece IPP placement in patients with urinary diversions...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452831/painless-urethral-bleeding-during-penile-erection-in-an-adult-man-with-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Hongen Lei, Xing Guan, Hu Han, Xiaosong Qian, Xiaoguang Zhou, Xiaodong Zhang, Long Tian
INTRODUCTION: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by a triad of cutaneous port wine capillary malformations, varicose veins, and hemihypertrophy of bone and soft tissues. AIMS: To report on a rare case of KTS in an adult man manifested by painless urethral bleeding during penile erection briefly review the clinical presentation and management of the genitourinary forms of this syndrome. METHODS: On presentation, the clinical features of this patient, including medical history, signs and symptoms, and imaging examinations, were recorded...
February 13, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451936/subtle-lisfranc-injuries-a-topical-review-and-modification-of-the-classification-system
#5
Brahman S Sivakumar, Vincent V G An, Colby Oitment, Mark Myerson
Lisfranc injuries are relatively uncommon. No specific incidence of subtle injuries has been reported; however, almost one-third are missed on initial review. These missed injuries are a common cause of litigation. Although seen in high-energy injuries with direct application of forces, they are also associated with lower-energy indirect mechanisms, often on the athletic field. This article provides a topical review of subtle Lisfranc disruptions, focusing on contemporary perspectives, and describes a modification to the most prevalent classification system...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443541/a-method-for-choosing-the-best-samples-for-mars-sample-return
#6
Peter R Gordon, Mark A Sephton
Success of a future Mars Sample Return mission will depend on the correct choice of samples. Pyrolysis-FTIR can be employed as a triage instrument for Mars Sample Return. The technique can thermally dissociate minerals and organic matter for detection. Identification of certain mineral types can determine the habitability of the depositional environment, past or present, while detection of organic matter may suggest past or present habitation. In Mars' history, the Theiikian era represents an attractive target for life search missions and the acquisition of samples...
February 14, 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433853/identifying-the-low-risk-patient-in-surgical-intensive-and-intermediate-care-units-using-continuous-monitoring
#7
Holly N Blackburn, Matthew T Clark, J Randall Moorman, Douglas E Lake, J Forrest Calland
BACKGROUND: Continuous predictive monitoring has been employed successfully to predict subclinical adverse events. Should low values on these models, however, reassure us that a patient will not have an adverse outcome? Negative predictive values of such models could help predict safe patient discharge. The goal of this study was to validate the negative predictive value of an ensemble model for critical illness (using previously developed models for respiratory instability, hemorrhage, and sepsis) based on bedside monitoring data in the intensive care units and intermediate care unit...
February 9, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433353/prenatal-diagnosis-of-double-trisomy-48-xxx-18-case-report
#8
Fedi Ercan, Pelin Taşdemir, Aybike Tazegül Pekin, Berkan Sayal, Hüseyin Görkemli, Ali Acar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431479/the-habitability-of-proxima-centauri-b-environmental-states-and-observational-discriminants
#9
Victoria S Meadows, Giada N Arney, Edward W Schwieterman, Jacob Lustig-Yaeger, Andrew P Lincowski, Tyler Robinson, Shawn D Domagal-Goldman, Russell Deitrick, Rory K Barnes, David P Fleming, Rodrigo Luger, Peter E Driscoll, Thomas R Quinn, David Crisp
Proxima Centauri b provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand the evolution and nature of terrestrial planets orbiting M dwarfs. Although Proxima Cen b orbits within its star's habitable zone, multiple plausible evolutionary paths could have generated different environments that may or may not be habitable. Here, we use 1-D coupled climate-photochemical models to generate self-consistent atmospheres for several evolutionary scenarios, including high-O2, high-CO2, and more Earth-like atmospheres, with both oxic and anoxic compositions...
February 12, 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430158/delayed-presentation-of-turner-syndrome-challenge-to-optimal-management
#10
Uma Kaimal Saikia, Dipti Sarma, Yogesh Yadav
Background: Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder associated with dysmorphic features and comorbidities, with recent trends focusing on early diagnosis for adequate management. Aim: The aim is to study the age and mode of presentation of TS, associated comorbidities and look for any correlation with the genotype. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of girls with TS attending the endocrinology clinic of a tertiary care center...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428393/reactivity-to-interpersonal-stress-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-studies-using-an-experimental-paradigm
#11
REVIEW
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Janet Treasure, Carol Kan, Valentina Cardi
Reactivity to interpersonal stress in patients with eating disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies using an experimental paradigm. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XXX-XXX, 2018.- Social difficulties have been implicated in the development and maintenance of eating disorder symptoms. The aim of this work was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies testing patients' reactivity to interpersonal stress, compared to healthy controls. Thirty-four studies were included. Meta-analyses were conducted on 16 studies and on following outcomes: attention bias and interference to threatening faces and cortisol, heart rate and negative affect before and after exposure to interpersonal stress...
February 8, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424566/evaluation-of-the-tindouf-basin-region-in-southern-morocco-as-an-analog-site-for-soil-geochemistry-on-noachian-mars
#12
Elizabeth A Oberlin, Mark W Claire, Samuel P Kounaves
Locations on Earth that provide insights into processes that may be occurring or may have occurred throughout martian history are often broadly deemed "Mars analog environments." As no single locale can precisely represent a past or present martian environment, it is important to focus on characterization of terrestrial processes that produce analogous features to those observed in specific regions of Mars or, if possible, specific time periods during martian history. Here, we report on the preservation of ionic species in soil samples collected from the Tindouf region of Morocco and compare them with the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica, the Atacama Desert in Chile, the martian meteorite EETA79001, and the in situ Mars analyses from the Phoenix Wet Chemistry Laboratory (WCL)...
February 9, 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402732/female-sexual-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-across-various-treatment-modalities
#13
REVIEW
James M Weinberger, Justin Houman, Ashley T Caron, Jennifer Anger
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is a highly prevalent condition. Nevertheless, the scientific literature has only recently begun to accumulate evidence for treatment modalities that address the underlying etiologies of FSD. AIM: The purpose of this systematic review is to elucidate what treatments are effective across the various symptom complexes of FSD. METHODS: Utilizing Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE, clinicaltrials...
February 3, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402703/tibial-nerve-stimulation-to-drive-genital-sexual-arousal-in-an-anesthetized-female-rat
#14
Lauren L Zimmerman, Indie C Rice, Mitchell B Berger, Tim M Bruns
BACKGROUND: There is clinical evidence that percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation can positively benefit women with female sexual interest/arousal disorder, yet no studies have explored the potential mechanisms further. AIM: To investigate the effect of tibial nerve stimulation on vaginal blood perfusion (VBP) in an anesthetized rat model. METHODS: 16 ketamine-anesthetized rats were surgically implanted with a nerve cuff electrode on 1 tibial nerve...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401731/bc-box-motif-mediated-neuronal-differentiation-of-somatic-stem-cells
#15
Hiroshi Kanno, Yuqun Xu, Taykua Miyakawa, Atsuhiko Kubo, Tetsuhiro Higashida, Nahoko Baily Kobayashi, Tetsuhiko Yoshida, Masaru Tanokura
Von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor protein (pVHL) functions to induce neuronal differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) and skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Here we identified a neuronal differentiation domain (NDD) in pVHL. Neuronal differentiation of SKPs was induced by intracellular delivery of a peptide composed of the amino-acid sequences encoded by the NDD. Neuronal differentiation mediated by the NDD was caused by the binding between it and elongin C followed by Janus kinase-2 (JAK2) ubiquitination of JAK2 and inhibition of the JAK2/the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3(STAT)3 pathway...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398031/does-the-number-of-parathyroid-glands-autotransplanted-affect-the-incidence-of-hypoparathyroidism-and-recovery-of-parathyroid-function
#16
Anping Su, Yanping Gong, Wenshuang Wu, Rixiang Gong, Zhihui Li, Jingqiang Zhu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the number of parathyroid glands autotransplanted and hypoparathyroidism as well as recovery of parathyroid function is not understood fully. The aim was to ascertain whether the number of autotransplanted glands affected the incidence of hypoparathyroidism and recovery of parathyroid function in long-term follow-up after thyroidectomy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study included all patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma who underwent first-time total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection between June 2012 and June 2015...
February 2, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396283/urological-survivorship-issues-among-adolescent-boys-and-young-men-who-are-cancer-survivors
#17
REVIEW
Troy Sukhu, Sherry Ross, R Matthew Coward
BACKGROUND: Urological survivorship issues encompass an area that may potentially be overlooked after treatment of childhood cancer in adolescent boys and young men. Side effects of cancer therapy may include subsequent development of erectile dysfunction (ED), hypogonadism, and infertility in adulthood. AIM: The purpose of this review is to focus on the etiology and prevalence of the range of sexual and gonadal dysfunction in adolescent boys and young men who are cancer survivors, while discussing current recommendations for evaluation and treatment...
January 27, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396282/male-orgasmic-dysfunction-post-radical-pelvic-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Nora M Haney, Laith M Alzweri, Wayne J G Hellstrom
BACKGROUND: Pelvic surgeries are recognized to cause dysfunction of the male sexual response, which consists of erection, emission, expulsion, and orgasm. However, the least attention has been paid to male orgasmic dysfunction after invasive pelvic surgery. AIM: To describe the available literature on post-pelvic surgery orgasmic dysfunction disorders. METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed using the search strings related to dysfunction of the male sexual cycle and orgasm after pelvic surgery...
January 25, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396281/erectile-dysfunction-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease
#19
REVIEW
Martin Miner, Sharon J Parish, Kevin L Billups, Mark Paulos, Mark Sigman, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND: An association between erectile dysfunction (ED) and cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) has long been recognized, and studies suggest that ED is an independent marker of CVD risk. More significantly, ED is a marker for both obstructive and non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and may reveal the presence of subclinical CAD in otherwise asymptomatic men. AIM: To discuss the role of ED as an early marker of subclinical CVD; describe an approach to quantifying that burden; and propose an algorithm for the evaluation and management of CV risk in men 40-60 years of age with vasculogenic ED, those presumed to have the highest risk for a CV event...
January 27, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396023/sexual-modes-questionnaire-smq-translation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-italian-version-of-the-automatic-thought-scale
#20
Filippo Maria Nimbi, Francesca Tripodi, Chiara Simonelli, Pedro Nobre
BACKGROUND: The Sexual Modes Questionnaire (SMQ) is a validated and widespread used tool to assess the association among negative automatic thoughts, emotions, and sexual response during sexual activity in men and women. AIM: To test the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the SMQ focusing on the Automatic Thoughts subscale (SMQ-AT). METHODS: After linguistic translation, the psychometric properties (internal consistency, construct, and discriminant validity) were evaluated...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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