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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781098/pet-imaging-of-the-influence-of-physiological-and-pathological-%C3%AE-synuclein-on-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-neurotransmission-in-mouse-models
#1
Elise Levigoureux, Caroline Bouillot, Thierry Baron, Luc Zimmer, Sophie Lancelot
AIMS: Alpha-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation is a neuropathological hallmark of neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. This in vivo study explored glucose metabolism and dopaminergic and serotoninergic neurotransmission in KO α-syn, wild-type mice and an accelerated murine model of synucleinopathy (M83). METHODS: MicroPET acquisitions were performed in all animals aged 5-6 months using five radiotracers exploring brain glucose metabolism ([18 F]FDG), dopamine neurotransmission ([11 C]raclopride, [11 C]PE2I) and serotonin neurotransmission ([18 F]MPPF, [11 C]DASB)...
May 20, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688276/frontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-induces-dopamine-release-in-the-ventral-striatum-in-human
#2
Clara Fonteneau, Jérome Redoute, Frédéric Haesebaert, Didier Le Bars, Nicolas Costes, Marie-Françoise Suaud-Chagny, Jérome Brunelin
A single transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) session applied over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLFPC) can be associated with procognitive effects. Furthermore, repeated DLPFC tDCS sessions are under investigation as a new therapeutic tool for a range of neuropsychiatric conditions. A possible mechanism explaining such beneficial effects is a modulation of meso-cortico-limbic dopamine transmission. We explored the spatial and temporal neurobiological effects of bifrontal tDCS on subcortical dopamine transmission during and immediately after the stimulation...
April 21, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686254/the-relationship-between-dopamine-receptor-blockade-and-cognitive-performance-in-schizophrenia-a-11-c-raclopride-pet-study-with-aripiprazole
#3
Sangho Shin, Seoyoung Kim, Seongho Seo, Jae Sung Lee, Oliver D Howes, Euitae Kim, Jun Soo Kwon
Aripiprazole's effects on cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia are unclear because of the difficulty in disentangling specific effects on cognitive function from secondary effects due to the improvement in other schizophrenic symptoms. One approach to address this is to use an intermediate biomarker to investigate the relationship between the drug's effect on the brain and change in cognitive function. This study aims to investigate aripiprazole's effect on working memory by determining the correlation between dopamine D2/3 (D2/3) receptor occupancy and working memory of patients with schizophrenia...
April 24, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554302/ventral-striatal-d2-3-receptor-availability-is-associated-with-impulsive-choice-behavior-as-well-aslimbic-corticostriatal-connectivity
#4
Rebecca L Barlow, Martin Gorges, Alfie Wearn, Heiko G Niessen, Jan Kassubek, Jeffrey W Dalley, Anton Pekcec
Background: Low dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the nucleus accumbens (NAcb) shell is associated with highly-impulsive behavior in rats, as measured by premature responses in a cued attentional task. However, it is unclear whether dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the NAcb is equally linked to intolerance for delayed rewards, a related form of impulsivity. Methods: We investigated the relationship between D2/3 receptor availability in the NAcb and impulsivity in a delay-discounting task (DDT) where animals must choose between immediate small-magnitude rewards and delayed larger-magnitude rewards...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531537/injected-human-muscle-precursor-cells-overexpressing-pgc-1-%C3%AE-enhance-functional-muscle-regeneration-after-trauma
#5
Deana Haralampieva, Souzan Salemi, Thomas Betzel, Ivana Dinulovic, Stefanie D Krämer, Roger Schibli, Tullio Sulser, Christoph Handschin, Simon M Ametamey, Daniel Eberli
While many groups demonstrated new muscle tissue formation after muscle precursor cell (MPC) injection, the capacity of these cells to heal muscle damage, for example, sphincter in stress urinary incontinence, in long-term is still limited. Therefore, the first goal of our project was to optimize the functional regenerative potential of hMPC by genetic modification to overexpress human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (hPGC-1 α ), key regulator of exercise-mediated adaptation...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515353/intra-accumbens-raclopride-administration-prevents-behavioral-changes-induced-by-intermittent-access-to-sucrose-solution
#6
Josué O Suárez-Ortiz, Felipe Cortés-Salazar, Ariadna L Malagón-Carrillo, Verónica E López-Alonso, Juan M Mancilla-Díaz, Juan G Tejas-Juárez, Rodrigo E Escartín-Pérez
Overeating is one of the most relevant clinical features in Binge Eating Disorder and in some obesity patients. According to several studies, alterations in the mesolimbic dopaminergic transmission produced by non-homeostatic feeding behavior may be associated with changes in the reward system similar to those produced by drugs of abuse. Although it is known that binge-eating is related with changes in dopaminergic transmission mediated by D2 receptors in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS), it has not been determined whether these receptors may be a potential target for the treatment of eating pathology with binge-eating...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514408/neuroanatomical-characterization-of-imidazoline-i-2-receptor-agonist-induced-antinociception
#7
Justin N Siemian, Shushan Jia, Jian-Feng Liu, Yanan Zhang, Jun-Xu Li
Chronic pain is a significant public health problem with a lack of safe and effective analgesics. The imidazoline I2 receptor (I2 R) is a promising analgesic target, but the neuroanatomical structures involved in mediating I2 R-associated behaviors are unknown. I2 Rs are enriched in the arcuate nucleus, dorsal raphe (DR), interpeduncular nucleus, lateral mammillary body, medial habenula, nucleus accumbens (NAc) and paraventricular nucleus; thus, this study investigated the antinociceptive and hypothermic effects of microinjections of the I2 R agonist 2-(2-benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline hydrochloride (2-BFI)...
May 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453443/role-of-the-mesolimbic-dopamine-system-in-relief-learning
#8
Dana Mayer, Evelyn Kahl, Taygun C Uzuneser, Markus Fendt
The relief from an aversive event is rewarding. Since organisms are able to learn which environmental cues can cease an aversive event, relief learning helps to better cope with future aversive events. Literature data suggest that relief learning is affected in various psychopathological conditions, such as anxiety disorders. Here, we investigated the role of the mesolimbic dopamine system in relief learning. Using a relief learning procedure in Sprague Dawley rats, we applied a combination of behavioral experiments with anatomical tracing, c-Fos immunohistochemistry, and local chemogenetic and pharmacological interventions to broadly characterize the role of the mesolimbic dopamine system...
February 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398564/the-mindview-project-first-results
#9
José M Benlloch, Antonio J González, Roberto Pani, Enrico Preziosi, Carl Jackson, John Murphy, Julio Barberá, Carlos Correcher, Sebastian Aussenhofer, Daniel Gareis, Dimitris Visvikis, Julien Bert, Bengt Langstrom, Lars Farde, Miklos Toth, Jenny Haggkvist, Fabio V Caixeta, Klas Kullander, Ian Somlai-Schweiger, Markus Schwaiger
We present the first results of the MINDVIEW project. An innovative imaging system for the human brain examination, allowing simultaneous acquisition of PET/MRI images, has been designed and constructed. It consists of a high sensitivity and high resolution PET scanner integrated in a novel, head-dedicated, radio frequency coil for a 3T MRI scanner. Preliminary measurements from the PET scanner show sensitivity 3 times higher than state-of-the-art PET systems that will allow safe repeated studies on the same patient...
April 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377353/blockade-of-dopamine-d2-receptors-disrupts-intrahippocampal-connectivity-and-enhances-pain-related-working-memory-deficits-in-neuropathic-pain-rats
#10
H Cardoso-Cruz, M Dourado, C Monteiro, V Galhardo
BACKGROUND: Dopamine (DA) is thought to be important to local hippocampal networks integrity during spatial working memory (sWM) processing. Chronic pain may contribute to deficient dopaminergic signalling, which may in turn affect cognition. However, the neural mechanisms that determine this impairment are poorly understood. Here, we evaluated whether the sWM impairment characteristic of animal models of chronic pain is dependent on DA D2 receptor (D2r) activity. METHODS: To address this issue, we implanted multichannel arrays of electrodes in the dorsal and ventral hippocampal CA1 field (dvCA1) of rats and recorded the neuronal activity during a classical delayed food-reinforced T-maze sWM task...
May 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339293/methylphenidate-significantly-alters-the-functional-coupling-between-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-dopamine-neurons-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area
#11
Ike C Dela Peña, Guofang Shen, Wei-Xing Shi
Amphetamine-like psychostimulants, including methylphenidate, have been shown to produce two opposing effects on dopamine (DA) neurons: a DA receptor-mediated feedback inhibition and a non-DA receptor-mediated excitation. To test whether the latter effect is mediated through the prefrontal cortex (PFC), we made dual-site recordings from the PFC and ventral tegmental area (VTA). Consistent with previous reports, methylphenidate inhibited VTA DA neurons. The D2 receptor antagonist raclopride completely reversed the inhibition and further increased the activity, particularly bursting, to above pre-drug baseline...
March 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303246/simultaneous-pet-mri-confirms-that-cerebral-blood-flow-does-not-confound-pet-neuroreceptor-activation-studies
#12
Lauri Nummenmaa, Lauri Tuominen, Jussi Hirvonen
Positron emission tomography (PET) and endogenous competition paradigms are widely used for studying neuroreceptor activation in humans in vivo. Changes in cerebral blood triggered by the experimentation, such as amphetamine administration, could influence both tracer delivery and washout, thus biasing the results. A recent study tested this assumption in baboons by measuring radiotracer binding with PET while measuring simultaneously cerebral blood flow with arterial spin labeled functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 21, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209862/model-selection-criteria-for-dynamic-brain-pet-studies
#13
Sandeep S V Golla, Sofie M Adriaanse, Maqsood Yaqub, Albert D Windhorst, Adriaan A Lammertsma, Bart N M van Berckel, Ronald Boellaard
BACKGROUND:  Several criteria exist to identify the optimal model for quantification of tracer kinetics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correspondence in kinetic model preference identification for brain PET studies among five model selection criteria: Akaike Information Criterion (AIC), AIC unbiased (AICC ), model selection criterion (MSC), Schwartz Criterion (SC), and F-test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six tracers were evaluated: [11 C]FMZ, [11 C]GMOM, [11 C]PK11195, [11 C]Raclopride, [18 F]FDG, and [11 C]PHT, including data from five subjects per tracer...
December 6, 2017: EJNMMI Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203575/chronic-%C3%AE-9-thc-in-rhesus-monkeys-effects-on-cognitive-performance-and-dopamine-d2-d3-receptor-availability
#14
William S John, Thomas J Martin, Kiran Kumar Solingapuram Sai, Susan H Nader, H Donald Gage, Akiva Mintz, Michael A Nader
Cannabis-related impairments to cognitive function may represent novel therapeutic targets for cannabis-use disorder, although the nature, persistence, and reversibility of such deficits remain unclear. Adult male rhesus monkeys ( N = 6) responded in the morning on tasks designed to assess different cognitive domains using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) touchscreens followed by responding maintained under a fixed-ratio (FR) 10 schedule of food presentation in different operant chambers...
February 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174638/upregulation-of-ccl7-and-ccl2-in-reward-system-mediated-through-dopamine-d1-receptor-signaling-underlies-methamphetamine-induced-place-preference-in-mice
#15
Fumihiro Saika, Norikazu Kiguchi, Naoki Wakida, Daichi Kobayashi, Yohji Fukazawa, Shinsuke Matsuzaki, Shiroh Kishioka
We previously showed that the CC-chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2)-CC-chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) system is responsible for conditioned place preference (CPP) by methamphetamine (Meth). In this study, we investigated the roles for other chemokines mediating Meth-induced CPP and the upstream factors upregulating chemokines in mice. We found that CCL7 mRNA level was upregulated in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) after Meth administration (3mg/kg, subcutaneous), and increased CCL7 immunoreactivity was localized to the PFC NeuN-positive neurons...
February 5, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128393/rem-sleep-deprivation-and-dopaminergic-d2-receptors-modulation-increase-recognition-memory-in-an-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Adriano D S Targa, Ana Carolina D Noseda, Lais S Rodrigues, Mariana F Aurich, Marcelo M S Lima
Cognitive impairment is an important non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). The neuronal death in nigrostriatal pathway is the main factor for motor symptoms and recent studies indicate a possible influence in non-motor symptoms as well. The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT) and basal ganglia are closely related anatomically and functionally and, since they are affected by neurodegeneration in PD, they might be involved in recognition memory. To investigate this, we promoted an ibotenic acid lesion within the PPT or a rotenone lesion within substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) of Wistar rats, followed by 24h of REM sleep deprivation (REMSD)...
February 26, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112197/association-of-genetic-ancestry-with-striatal-dopamine-d2-d3-receptor-availability
#17
C E Wiers, P C Towb, C A Hodgkinson, P-H Shen, C Freeman, G Miller, E Lindgren, E Shokri-Kojori, Ş B Demiral, S W Kim, D Tomasi, H Sun, G-J Wang, D Goldman, N D Volkow
Despite ethnic differences in allele frequencies of variants in dopaminergic genes associated with dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability (D2R), no study to date has investigated the relationship between genetic ancestry and striatal D2R. Here, we show that ancestry-informative markers significantly predict dorsal striatal D2R in 117 healthy ethnically diverse residents of the New York metropolitan area using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) with [(11)C]raclopride (P<0.0001), while correcting for age, sex, BMI, education, smoking status, and estimated socioeconomic status (ZIP codes)...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106979/development-of-a-population-pharmacokinetic-model-to-predict-brain-distribution-and-dopamine-d2-receptor-occupancy-of-raclopride-in-non-anesthetized-rat
#18
Yin Cheong Wong, Trayana Ilkova, Rob C van Wijk, Robin Hartman, Elizabeth C M de Lange
BACKGROUND: Raclopride is a selective antagonist of the dopamine D2 receptor. It is one of the most frequently used in vivo D2 tracers (at low doses) for assessing drug-induced receptor occupancy (RO) in animals and humans. It is also commonly used as a pharmacological blocker (at high doses) to occupy the available D2 receptors and antagonize the action of dopamine or drugs on D2 in preclinical studies. The aims of this study were to comprehensively evaluate its pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles in different brain compartments and to establish a PK-RO model that could predict the brain distribution and RO of raclopride in the freely moving rat using a LC-MS based approach...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106549/the-in-vitro-actions-of-loxapine-on-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-receptors-time-to-consider-atypical-classification-of-this-antipsychotic-drug
#19
Florian Ferreri, Dominique Drapier, Emmanuelle Baloche, Mehemed Ouzid, Luc Zimmer, Pierre-Michel Llorca
Background: The denomination of typical antipsychotic for loxapine has poor relation to current knowledge of the molecule's relevant modes of action. Materials and Methods: Competition binding experiments were performed on expressed human recombinant receptors in CHO cells and HEK-293 cells for D1 to D5, 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7. In vitro autoradiographies using [11C]-Raclopride [18F]-Altanserin [18F]-MPPF [11C]-SB207145, and [18F]-2FNQ1P were measured in brain tissue of a male primate followed by addition of increasing doses of loxapine succinate...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071465/toward-whole-brain-dopamine-movies-a-critical-review-of-pet-imaging-of-dopamine-transmission-in-the-striatum-and-cortex
#20
Heather Liu, Yasmin Zakiniaeiz, Kelly P Cosgrove, Evan D Morris
The mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) circuit, comprising the mesolimbic and mesocortical DA pathways, plays a crucial role in reward, cognitive control, and motivation. The positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer, [C-11]raclopride, has been used widely to image DA receptors and DA changes in the mesolimbic pathway before and after pharmacological and behavioral challenges. In certain circumstances, properties of traditional kinetic models-used to analyze dynamic PET data-are not well-suited to describing the effects of stimulus-induced DA release...
October 25, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
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