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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532267/body-disposal
#1
Jonghan Sea, Eric Beauregard
This study explores the body disposal patterns in a sample of 54 Korean homicides that occurred between 2006 and 2012. Based on information collected by the police during their investigation, factors that could influence body disposal patterns were examined, such as homicide classification, intention, whether an accomplice was present, and offender mental disorder. Bivariate analyses showed that the majority of the victims who were disposed of were acquaintances of the offenders. Moreover, several offenders were more likely to dispose of the dead body "within hours" of killing the victim...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529300/yi-kwang-su-s-love-and-history-records-of-modern-hospital-under-the-japanese-colonial-period
#2
Byoung Hoon Lee
This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528525/urban-youth-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-lead-poisoning
#3
Sandra Bogar, Aniko Szabo, Shane Woodruff, Sheri Johnson
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a promising and evolving field of research that could benefit from youth engagement. Yet studies focused on youths' environmental health awareness and concerns are limited. For example, although lead exposure remains a threat to youth development in urban environments, no published studies have measured urban youth's knowledge of lead poisoning. A CBPR partnership established a youth advisory council (YAC) who helped to design, interpret and disseminate a mixed methods study exploring environmental health perceptions among urban youths ages 10-18...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526372/the-impact-of-drinking-age-laws-on-perpetration-of-sexual-assault-crimes-in-canada-2009-2013
#4
Jodi M Gatley, Marcos Sanches, Claire Benny, Samantha Wells, Russell C Callaghan
PURPOSE: Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA laws are 18 years in Quebec, Alberta, and Manitoba (MLDA-18), and 19 years in the rest of the country (MLDA-19)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520563/multiple-deaths-caused-by-a-fire-in-a-factory-identification-and-investigative-issues
#5
V Pinchi, V Bartolini, E Bertol, M Focardi, F Mari, U Ricci, S Vanin, G A Norelli
The article presents a case of multiple casualties following a textile factory fire. The incident required a full DVI team similar to large mass-disaster because of the specific operational aspects and identification difficulties. The autopsy results were consistent with death by fire and the toxicological investigations revealed carbon monoxide poisoning in four cases (HbCO% ranging between 88,05 and 95,77), two deaths by cyanide intoxication (with concentrations between 5,17 and 8,85 mcg/ml), and in one case there was a synergistic effect of the two substances (carbon monoxide and cyanide)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515574/autistic-heterogeneity-linking-uncertainties-and-indeterminacies
#6
Gregory Hollin
Autism is a highly uncertain entity and little is said about it with any degree of certainty. Scientists must, and do, work through these uncertainties in the course of their work. Scientists explain uncertainty in autism research through discussion of epistemological uncertainties which suggest that diverse methods and techniques make results hard to reconcile, ontological uncertainties which suggest doubt over taxonomic coherence, but also through reference to autism's indeterminacy which suggests that the condition is inherently heterogeneous...
April 3, 2017: Science As Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502038/verbal-visual-and-intermediary-support-for-child-witnesses-with-autism-during-investigative-interviews
#7
Lucy A Henry, Laura Crane, Gilly Nash, Zoe Hobson, Mimi Kirke-Smith, Rachel Wilcock
Three promising investigative interview interventions were assessed in 270 children (age 6-11 years): 71 with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 199 who were typically developing (TD). Children received 'Verbal Labels', 'Sketch Reinstatement of Context' or 'Registered Intermediary' interviews designed to improve interview performance without decreasing accuracy. Children with ASD showed no increases in the number of correct details recalled for any of the three interview types (compared to a Best-Practice police interview), whereas TD children showed significant improvements in the Registered Intermediary and Verbal Labels interviews...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492165/-the-contribution-of-legal-medicine-in-child-protection-presentation-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#8
J Hiquet, E Christin, O Dubourg, J Fougas, C Baup, G Brunet, J Millington, N Grosleron, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Maltreatment is a complex issue and therefore, requires a multidisciplinary approach, which has been commonly used in North America since the 1980s but remains unsystematic in France. Since 1999, the Centre d'Accueil en Urgence des Victimes d'Agression (emergency unit for victims of assault) of the Bordeaux University Hospital has brought together various medical, paramedical, and social actors on this issue. A standardized psychosocial assessment procedure has been introduced and is detailed in this paper, and was consistently conducted in all cases of suspicion of abuse on a minor...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479911/influence-of-awareness-on-the-usage-of-motor-third-party-insurance-a-case-study-of-kampala-district
#9
Henry Kitunzi, Helen Mirembe, Guma Consolate
BACKGROUND: Motor third party insurance was established in Uganda in 1989 as a social policy to protect motorists and other road users (third parties) in the event of an accident. However, reports show that only a few motorists filed claims to their insurers for compensation despite being involved in road traffic accidents. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether motorists' awareness has an influence on the usage of motor third party insurance. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional using both qualitative and qualitative methods...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453993/sexual-violence-interventions-considerations-for-humanitarian-settings
#10
David Wells
Sexual and gender based violence may result in a range of destructive consequences to the individual, their family and the wider community. Addressing such violence and its immediate aftermath in circumstances of civil turmoil requires a timely, planned and coordinated multidisciplinary response. Such interventions need to be cognisant of, and address a range of challenges which might include economic barriers, religious and cultural divides, a dearth of respect for human rights and limited access or capacity of medical, policing and legal services...
April 14, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452713/decreased-uncinate-fasciculus-tract-integrity-in-male-and-female-patients-with-ptsd-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#11
Saskia B J Koch, Mirjam van Zuiden, Laura Nawijn, Jessie L Frijling, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling psychiatric disorder that has been associated with lower white matter integrity of tracts connecting the prefrontal cortex with limbic regions. However, previous diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) findings have been inconsistent, showing high variability in the exact location and direction of effects. METHODS: We performed probabilistic tractography of the bilateral uncinate fasciculus, cingulum and superior longitudinal fasciculus (both temporal and parietal projections) in male and female police officers with and without PTSD...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443994/relationship-between-psychosocial-stress-dimensions-and-salivary-cortisol-in-military-police-officers
#12
Juliana Petri Tavares, Liana Lautert, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angélica Rosat Consiglio, Daiane Dal Pai
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the relationship between psychosocial stress dimensions and salivary cortisol in military police officers. METHOD: cross-sectional and analytical study with 134 military police officers. The Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) Model scale has been used to assess psychosocial stress. Salivary cortisol was collected in three samples. The following tests were used: Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney, ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn. Pearson and Spearman correlation methods were used, as well as multiple linear regression...
April 20, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438235/deception-detection-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#13
Jaume Masip
BACKGROUND: Deception detection has been a longstanding concern throughout human history. It has also interested scientists, who have explored psychological and behavioral differences between liars and truth tellers, as well as ways to improve detection accuracy. METHOD: In recent years, substantial advances have been made in the field. Some of these advances are briefly reviewed in the current article. RESULTS: A description is provided of (a) research and contemporary theories on how people (try to) detect deception; (b) recent advances on strategic interviewing to detect deception; (c) the integrative findings of recent meta-analyses on systematic verbal lie detection approaches; and (d) several important aspects concerning psychophysiological detection of deception...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429962/predictors-of-restraint-use-among-child-occupants
#14
Marco Benedetti, Kathleen D Klinich, Miriam A Manary, Carol A Flannagan
OBJECTIVES: Identify factors that predict restraint use and optimal restraint use among children aged 0 to 13 years. METHODS: The dataset is a national sample of police-reported crashes for years 2010-2014 in which type of child restraint is recorded. The dataset was supplemented with demographic census data linked by driver zip code, as well as a score for the state child restraint law during the year of the crash relative to best practice recommendations for protecting child occupants...
April 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429402/effectiveness-of-community-based-interventions-for-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-in-two-metropolitan-and-two-regional-sites-in-victoria-australia
#15
Ashlee Curtis, Kerri Coomber, Nicolas Droste, Shannon Hyder, Darren Palmer, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The relationship between alcohol intoxication and harm is well known, and many community-based interventions have been introduced in an attempt to reduce the rates of alcohol-related harm. The current paper uses two metropolitan and two regional Australian cities as sites to investigate the impact of community-based interventions on the reduction of alcohol-related harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for injury-related emergency department (ED) presentations and police attended assaults during high-alcohol hours (i...
April 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412574/work-place-drug-testing-of-police-officers-after-thc-exposure-during-large-volume-cannabis-seizures
#16
Gregory S Doran, Ralph Deans, Carlo De Filippis, Chris Kostakis, Julia A Howitt
Police officers responsible for the seizure and removal of illegally grown cannabis plants from indoor and outdoor growing operations face the prospect of THC exposure while performing their work duties. As a result, a study investigating the amount of THC on hands and uniforms of officers during raids on cannabis growing houses (CGHs) and forest cannabis plantations (FCPs) and in the air at these sites was conducted. Swabs of gloves/hands, chests, and heads/necks were collected and analysed for THC. Results of hand swabs indicated that officers removing plants from FCPs were exposed to THC concentrations up to 20 times those involved in raids at CGHs, which was mainly associated with the number and size of plants seized...
April 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410598/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-police-officers-in-riyadh-city-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Abdullah S Alghamdi, Mohammed A Yahya, Ghedeir M Alshammari, Magdi A Osman
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of overweight and obesity and increases in associated diseases such as diabetes and heart disease in the Saudi population, no studies have addressed the spread of obesity among Saudi police officers. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associations with biochemical parameters among the police in Riyadh. METHOD: The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 160 police officers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410498/smartstart-results-of-a-large-point-of-entry-study-into-preloading-alcohol-and-associated-behaviours
#18
Grant J Devilly, Corey Allen, Kathleen Brown
BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend of preloading with alcohol before entering entertainment districts. It is claimed that this occurs to save money and that preloading may be a good indicator of harmful drinking and risk taking behaviours more generally. No study has collected data from a large sample as the participants entered entertainment districts and measured blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels and self-reported drinking and risk taking behaviours in a systematic way. METHODS: In this research, police and academics worked together to gauge the breadth and depth of preloading behaviours...
May 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400964/police-liaison-and-section-136-comparison-of-two-different-approaches
#19
Oliver Jenkins, Stephen Dye, Franklin Obeng-Asare, Nam Nguyen, Nicola Wright
Aims and method Two police liaison and section 136 schemes were developed alongside police services at different sites within the same NHS trust. In one, a mental health nurse worked with frontline police attending incidents related to mental health. The other involved nurses providing advice from the police control room. Section 136 detentions were measured over two 6-month periods (6 months apart) before and after practice change. Data analysed included total numbers of section 136 assessments, outcomes following subsequent assessment, and relevant diagnostic and demographic factors...
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399354/epidemiology-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-shumadia-district-serbia-a-fifteen-year-retrospective-study
#20
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
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