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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673303/paramedics-as-a-new-resource-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams, Brett Williams
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has a major impact on the health and well-being of women. The need for a coordinated response from health care professions encountering IPV patients is well established, and guidelines for individual health care professions are needed. Paramedics are believed to frequently encounter IPV patients, and this study aims to create a guideline to direct their response based on expert opinion. A clinical guideline for paramedics was created using current evidence and recommendations from health agencies...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672093/development-and-validation-of-the-attitudes-towards-police-legitimacy-scale
#2
Joshua J Reynolds, Victoria Estrada-Reynolds, Narina Nunez
Although there is a substantial body of work examining attitudes towards the police, no measure has been developed to consistently capture citizens' beliefs regarding police legitimacy. Given that police conduct has garnered a great deal of attention, particularly in the last few years, the current research sought to develop a scale measuring perceptions of police legitimacy. Across multiple studies, items were created and the scale's factor structure explored (Study 1 and Study 2), the factor structure was confirmed (Study 3a), and the predictive validity of the scale was tested (Studies 3b-3d)...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672081/transgender-people-of-color-s-experiences-of-sexual-objectification-locating-sexual-objectification-within-a-matrix-of-domination
#3
Mirella J Flores, Laurel B Watson, Luke R Allen, Mudiwa Ford, Christine R Serpe, Ping Ying Choo, Michelle Farrell
The purpose of this grounded theory study was to investigate transgender people of color's (TPOC's) sexual objectification experiences (SOEs). Fifteen TPOC were interviewed about their experiences with sexual objectification. Using intersectionality and objectification theories as our research paradigms, results suggested that participants' SOEs were shaped by the intersections of cissexism, sexism, and racism, and that participants experienced various levels of privilege and oppression based on their specific identities...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661249/using-qualitative-and-community-based-engagement-approaches-to-gain-access-and-to-develop-a-culturally-appropriate-sti-prevention-intervention-for-foreign-female-entertainment-workers-in-singapore
#4
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Olive N Y Cheung, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Hanh Hao La, Thein Than Win, Roy Chan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global movement of foreign female entertainment workers (FEWs), a hard-to-reach population vulnerable to HIV/STIs. This paper described the needs assessment phase before intervention implementation where the socio-organisation, sexual risk behaviours and access to health services of foreign FEWs in Singapore were explored. We also highlighted how qualitative inquiry, census enumeration technique and community-based engagement approaches were used to gain access and to develop a culturally appropriate STI prevention intervention...
April 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660696/investigating-the-correlation-between-wastewater-analysis-and-roadside-drug-testing-in-south-australia
#5
Richard Bade, Benjamin J Tscharke, Marie Longo, Richard Cooke, Jason M White, Cobus Gerber
BACKGROUND: The societal impact of drug use is well known. An example is when drug-intoxicated drivers increase the burden on policing and healthcare services. METHODS: This work presents the correlation of wastewater analysis (using UHPLC-MS/MS) and positive roadside drug testing results for methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and cannabis from December 2011-December 2016 in South Australia. RESULTS: Methamphetamine and MDMA showed similar trends between the data sources with matching increases and decreases, respectively...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652650/the-alcohol-contexts-of-consent-wanted-sex-sexual-pleasure-and-sexual-assault-results-from-a-probability-survey-of-undergraduate-students
#6
Debby Herbenick, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, J Dennis Fortenberry
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in a probability sample of undergraduate students, characteristics of students' most recent sexual experiences (including alcohol use) as well as their experiences with non-consensual sex. PARTICIPANTS: In January and February 2015, 22,046 students were invited to participate in an anonymous, cross-sectional, Internet-based survey; 7,032 surveys were completed (31.9%). METHODS: Measures included background characteristics (age, gender, sexual orientation), most recent sexual event items (sexual pleasure, wantedness, alcohol use), and experiences with nonconsensual sex (since college and lifetime)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642766/trauma-related-sleep-problems-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#7
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
Police officers are frequently exposed to two different types of potentially traumatic events: one dealing with physical threats to self and the other involving the witnessing of harm to others. These different types of traumatic experiences are thought to produce various posttraumatic reactions. Furthermore, sleep problems are also reported as a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder. There is evidence, however, that sleep problems may mediate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and health outcomes, especially physical health and depression...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626744/opioids-in-oral-fluid-of-spanish-drivers
#8
Francisco Herrera-Gómez, Mercedes García-Mingo, Mónica Colás, Juan Carlos González-Luque, F Javier Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Driving under the influence of certain drugs is not allowed, and roadside drug testing is being considered an important tool for deterring driving under the influence of them. This study aimed to assess the presence and concentration of opioids, as well as their combined use with other drugs (laboratory confirmation after the on-road screening) in Spanish drivers between 2011 and 2016. METHODS: In Spain, mandatory roadside breath alcohol and oral fluid drug testing (screening) are carried out by the Traffic Police using Dräger Alcotest® 6810 device, and Dräger DrugTest® 5000, DrugWipe® , or Alere™ DDS® 2 Mobile Test System...
March 29, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623774/intimate-partner-violence-in-urban-rural-and-remote-areas-an-investigation-of-offense-severity-and-risk-factors
#9
Susanne J M Strand, Jennifer E Storey
This study compared the severity of intimate partner violence (IPV) and the relationship between risk factors for IPV and overall risk judgments of future IPV in urban, rural, and remote areas. IPV risk assessments conducted by the Swedish police between 2010 and 2014 in urban ( n = 564), rural ( n = 456), and remote ( n = 196) areas were examined. Rurality was associated with the severity of IPV reported, as well as the presence of risk factors and their relationship to overall risk judgments. Cases in remote areas included more severe IPV as well as more risk factors...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609680/intimate-partner-violence-myths-in-police-reports-a-directed-content-analysis
#10
Mary Katherine Twis, Anh Phuong Nguyen, Anne Nordberg
Although much has changed in social and criminal justice system responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) since public awareness campaigns began in the 1970s, stigmatization around IPV offense and victimization remains a barrier to victims obtaining available assistance, including those offered by police forces. Unfortunately, stigma is often perpetuated by mythology about the crime, its offenders, its victims, and overarching gender norms. Since IPV cases are managed under the auspices of the criminal justice system, the manner in which the system itself perpetuates IPV myths is worthy of attention...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584521/policy-and-legal-protection-for-breastfeeding-and-incarcerated-women-in-canada
#11
Martha Jane Paynter
Most incarcerated women in Canada are mothers. Because women are the fastest growing population in carceral facilities, protecting the rights of incarcerated women to breastfeed their children is increasingly important. There is considerable evidence that incarcerated women in Canada experience poor physical and mental health, isolation, and barriers to care. Incarcerated women and their children could benefit significantly from breastfeeding. This Insight in Policy explores policy and legal protection for breastfeeding in Canada as it relates to carceral facilities, considers key cases regarding breastfeeding rights among incarcerated women, and presents recommendations for policy development and advocacy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584508/understanding-fatal-older-road-user-crash-circumstances-and-risk-factors
#12
Sjaan Koppel, Lyndal Bugeja, Daisy Smith, Ashne Lamb, Jeremy Dwyer, Michael Fitzharris, Stuart Newstead, Angelo D'Elia, Judith Charlton
OBJECTIVE: This study used medicolegal data to investigate fatal older road user (ORU) crash circumstances and risk factors relating to four key components of the Safe System approach (e.g., roads and roadsides, vehicles, road users, and speeds) to identify areas of priority for targeted prevention activity. METHODS: The Coroners Court of Victoria's Surveillance Database was searched to identify coronial records with at least one deceased ORU in the state of Victoria, Australia, for 2013-2014...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584483/injury-analysis-of-patients-according-to-impact-patterns-involved-in-pedestrian-traffic-crashes
#13
Hee Young Lee, Hyun Youk, Jeong Ii Lee, Chan Young Kang, Joon Seok Kong, Sil Sung, In Hye Kang, Jung Hun Lee, Oh Hyun Kim, Woo Jin Jung, Kang Hyun Lee, Young Han Youn, Jong Chan Park
OBJECTIVES: In cases of car-to-person pedestrian traffic crashes (PTCs), the principal issue is determining at what point the car collided with the pedestrian. Accordingly, the objective of the present study was to use the medical records of patients injured in PTCs to investigate the characteristics of crash types and the areas and injury severity and to determine whether there are differences in injuries due to the angle, motion, and position at the point of impact. METHODS: The present study examined 231 PTC patients admitted to the emergency room (ER) between January and December 2014...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584482/an-evaluation-of-the-real-world-safety-effect-of-a-lane-change-driver-support-system-and-characteristics-of-lane-change-crashes-based-on-insurance-claims-data
#14
Irene Isaksson-Hellman, Magdalena Lindman
OBJECTIVE: Lane changes, which frequently occur when vehicles travel on major roads, may contribute to critical situations that significantly affect the traffic flow and traffic safety. Thus, knowledge of lane change situations is important for infrastructure improvements as well as for driver support systems and automated driving development projects. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the crash avoidance performance of a lane change driver support system, the Blind Spot Information System (BLIS) in Volvo car models, and to describe the characteristics of lane change crashes by analyzing detailed information from insurance claim reports...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582158/demonstrating-pm-2-5-and-road-side-dust-pollution-by-heavy-metals-along-thika-superhighway-in-kenya-sub-saharan-africa
#15
E G Maina, A N Gachanja, M J Gatari, H Price
This study assessed the level of heavy metal in roadside dust and PM2.5 mass concentrations along Thika superhighway in Kenya. Thika superhighway is one of the busiest roads in Kenya, linking Thika town with Nairobi. Triplicate road dust samples collected from 12 locations were analysed for lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). PM2.5 samples were collected on pre-weighed Teflon filters using a BGI personal sampler and the filters were then reweighed...
March 27, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574927/parental-posttraumatic-stress-and-child-behavioral-problems-in-world-trade-center-responders
#16
Mai Uchida, Huifen Feng, Adriana Feder, Natalie Mota, Clyde B Schechter, Hilary D Woodworth, Caroline G Kelberman, Michael Crane, Philip Landrigan, Jacqueline Moline, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Craig Katz, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: We investigated trans-generational associations between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms in World Trade Center (WTC) responders and behavioral problems in their children. METHODS: Participants were WTC responders-8034 police and 8352 non-traditional (eg, construction workers)-with one or more children at the time of their first visit to the World Trade Center Health Program (WTC-HP). Self-report questionnaires were administered approximately 4 years after the 9/11 WTC attack...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570662/physical-practice-and-wellness-courses-reduce-distress-and-improve-wellbeing-in-police-officers
#17
REVIEW
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Massimo Zedda, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to evaluate a course to reduce distress in an Italian police force. Based on the findings from the first investigations on this population, courses to improve the ability to manage distress were tailored by management. Several free courses were proposed, including physical efficiency (e.g., total body conditioning) and wellness (e.g., autogenic training) classes. The goal of this research was to evaluate the courses and their impact on the perceived distress and general health of the participants, as well as the effectiveness in increasing the use of adaptive coping strategies...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566981/anxiety-related-psychopathology-and-chronic-pain-comorbidity-among-public-safety-personnel
#18
R N Carleton, T O Afifi, T Taillieu, S Turner, R El-Gabalawy, J Sareen, G J G Asmundson
Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional service officers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) regularly experience potentially traumatic, painful, and injurious events. Such exposures increase risk for developing mental disorders and chronic pain, which both involve substantial personal and social costs. The interrelationship between mental disorders and chronic pain is well-established, and both can be mutually maintaining; accordingly, understanding the relationship between mental health and chronic pain among PSP is important for improving health care...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552236/harassment-and-violence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-and-hijras-after-reinstatement-of-india-s-sodomy-law
#19
Dennis H Li, Shruta Rawat, Jayson Rhoton, Pallav Patankar, Maria L Ekstrand, B R Simon Rosser, J Michael Wilkerson
On December 11, 2013, the Indian Supreme Court recriminalized non-peno-vaginal sex under Sec. 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), overturning a 2009 ruling that deemed IPC Sec. 377 unconstitutional. Similar "sodomy laws" in other countries have been associated with increased violence, harassment, and other discrimination against men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. However, few studies have looked at the effects of such a law in an Indian context. This study examined experiences of victimization among MSM and hijra/transgender women (MSM-H) in the State of Maharashtra using a mixed-method approach...
September 2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546431/psychological-well-being-and-workability-in-child-abuse-investigators
#20
N Tehrani
Background: Working with victims and offenders of child abuse can impact on the health and well-being of police officers and staff. Aims: To identify the effects of tenure, work ability, gender and a personal experience of child abuse on symptoms of anxiety, depression and primary and secondary trauma in child abuse investigators (CAIs). Methods: Screening questionnaires were sent to police officers and staff. The officers and staff worked in child protection in seven police forces...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
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