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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903954/gender-policing-during-childhood-and-the-psychological-well-being-of-young-adult-sexual-minority-men-in-the-united-states
#1
José A Bauermeister, Daniel Connochie, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Steven Meanley
Hegemonic masculinities (i.e., sets of socially accepted masculine behaviors and beliefs within a given time and culture) may affect the well-being of sexual minority men, yet quantitative relationships between these masculinities and well-being remain largely unexplored. Using data from a national cross-sectional survey of young sexual minority men (N = 1,484; ages 18-24 years), the current study examined the relationship between parental gender policing during childhood and adolescence and subsequent substance use and psychological distress...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#2
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891233/effectiveness-and-implementation-of-a-community-based-prevention-programme-targeting-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-use-in-gyms-study-protocol-of-a-quasi-experimental-control-group-study
#3
Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg, Ann-Sofie Bakshi
BACKGROUND: During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. Accordingly, doping prevention efforts aimed at gyms have been recommended. The overall objective of the present project is to examine a prevention programme named 100% Pure Hard Training (100% PHT), which targets AAS use among recreational sportspeople training in gyms...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885431/forensic-age-assessment-of-asylum-seekers-in-finland
#4
Mari Metsäniitty, Olli Varkkola, Janna Waltimo-Sirén, Helena Ranta
In Finland, forensic age assessment is strictly regulated by legislation. According to the Aliens Act (301/2004) and the amendment of the Act (549/2010), the police authorities, the frontier guard authorities, and the immigration authorities have the right to refer asylum seekers to the University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine, for age assessment. These assessments are especially performed to solve if the person is of major age, the cutoff being 18 completed years. The forensic age assessment is largely based on dental development, since the special permit of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) to the Department of Forensic Medicine of the University of Helsinki, allowing the use of ionizing radiation for non-medical purposes, includes dental and hand X-rays...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872398/five-year-study-of-unidentified-unclaimed-and-unknown-deaths-brought-for-medicolegal-autopsy-at-premier-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#5
Abhishek Yadav, Adarsh Kumar, Rajanikanta Swain, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
Delhi is the second largest city of the world both in terms of population and area, as well as being the capital of India. Every year, thousands of people from different states throng to the capital in search of a job in order to earn a living. When these people die and their bodies are found without any identifying documentation, it is very difficult for the police to establish their identities. These bodies are labelled as unidentified/unclaimed or unknown, and are sent for usually sent for medicolegal autopsy...
November 21, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872112/too-much-detention-street-triage-and-detentions-under-section-136-mental-health-act-in-the-north-east-of-england-a-descriptive-study-of-the-effects-of-a-street-triage-intervention
#6
Patrick Keown, Jo French, Graham Gibson, Eddy Newton, Steve Cull, Paul Brown, Jo Parry, Diana Lyons, Iain McKinnon
OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact of Street Triage (ST) on the number and rate of Section 136 Mental Health Act (S136) detentions in one NHS Mental Health and Disability Trust (Northumberland, Tyne and Wear (NTW)). DESIGN: Comparative descriptive study of numbers and rates of S136 detentions prior to and following the introduction of ST in NTW. More detailed data were obtained from one local authority in the NTW area. SETTING: NTW, a secondary care NHS Foundation Trust providing mental health and disability services in the north-east of England, in conjunction with Northumbria Police Service...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869568/the-carrot-and-the-stick-strategies-to-improve-compliance-with-college-campus-tobacco-policies
#7
Amanda Fallin, Maria Roditis, Stanton Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16 different California universities with varying tobacco policies (no smoking indoors and within 20 feet of entrances, designated smoking areas, 100% smoke-free, and 100% tobacco-free)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869465/association-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Erin C McCanlies, Khachatur Sarkisian, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
Aim: In this study, we evaluated whether peritraumatic dissociation (PD) was associated with symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and whether this association was modified by trauma prior to police work. Method: Symptoms of depression, PTSD, peritraumatic dissociative experience (PDE), and trauma prior to police work were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, PTSD Checklist-Civilian, PDE questionnaire, and the Brief Trauma questionnaire, respectively, in 328 police officers...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852878/working-hours-and-common-mental-disorders-in-english-police-officers
#9
J Houdmont, R Randall
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on working hours and their psychological correlates in police officers of the federated ranks in England. AIMS: An exploratory study to establish the extent to which a sample of English police officers worked long hours and the association between long working hours and common mental disorder (CMD). METHODS: Officers of the federated ranks (constable, sergeant, inspector) from two English county forces completed a questionnaire to report their typical weekly working hours and symptoms of CMD...
November 16, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847919/phosphorus-as-predictive-factor-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-middle-aged-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-korea
#10
Seung Ki Min, Kwibok Choi, Soon Ki Kim, Gyeong In Lee, In-Chang Cho
PURPOSE: High serum inorganic phosphorus level is related with atherosclerosis and an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. At the same time, the association of phosphorus with erectile dysfunction (ED) is not well reported. We studied the effect of serum phosphorus on ED and the relationship with other clinical variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March to September 2013, 1,899 police men aged 40 to 59 years who entered in a prostate health screening were targeted...
November 2016: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807206/an-empirical-examination-of-the-victim-search-methods-utilized-by-serial-stranger-sexual-offenders-a-classification-approach
#11
Ashley N Hewitt, Eric Beauregard, Garth Davies
Past research on the spatial mobility of serial offenders has generally found that these individuals make calculated decisions about the ways in which they come into contact with suitable victims. Within the geographic profiling literature, four victim-search methods have been theorized that describe how serial predatory offenders hunt for their victims: hunter, poacher, troller, and trapper Using latent class analysis, the aim of this study is to test whether this theoretical typology can be empirically derived using data that were collected from both police files and semi-structured interviews with 72 serial sex offenders who committed 361 stranger sexual assaults...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807203/characteristics-of-brazilian-offenders-and-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-an-exploratory-study
#12
Sérgio d'Avila, Ana Cristina Campos, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of Brazilian offenders and victims of interpersonal violence, following a medicolegal and forensic perspective. A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed in a Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry. The sample was made up of 1,704 victims of nonlethal interpersonal violence with some type of trauma. The victims were subject to forensic examinations by a criminal investigative team that identified and recorded the extent of the injuries. For data collection, a specific form was designed consisting of four parts according to the information provided in the medicolegal and social records: sociodemographic data of the victims, offender's characteristics, aggression characteristics, and types of injuries...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792946/method-for-selection-of-optimal-road-safety-composite-index-with-examples-from-dea-and-topsis-method
#13
Miroslav Rosić, Dalibor Pešić, Dragoslav Kukić, Boris Antić, Milan Božović
Concept of composite road safety index is a popular and relatively new concept among road safety experts around the world. As there is a constant need for comparison among different units (countries, municipalities, roads, etc.) there is need to choose an adequate method which will make comparison fair to all compared units. Usually comparisons using one specific indicator (parameter which describes safety or unsafety) can end up with totally different ranking of compared units which is quite complicated for decision maker to determine "real best performers"...
October 25, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791306/psychological-distress-following-crime-victimization-an-exploratory-study-from-an-agency-perspective
#14
M J J Kunst, N N Koster
Deficits in recognition of suffering play a significant role in the etiology of psychological distress in crime victims. However, given the preliminary status of the literature, it seems necessary to take other factors into account as well. Starting from an agency perspective, this study explored three such factors: negative self-attributions, peritraumatic distress, and early posttraumatic emotions. More specifically, this study explored whether the association between recognition deficits and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms observed in other studies could be replicated and, if so, whether this association was mediated by negative self-attributions and would decrease in strength when taking into account the adverse roles of peritraumatic distress and early posttraumatic emotions...
October 28, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785894/qualitative-exploration-of-stakeholders-perspectives-of-involuntary-admission-under-the-mental-health-act-2001-in-ireland
#15
Siobhán Smyth, Dympna Casey, Adeline Cooney, Agnes Higgins, David McGuinness, Emma Bainbridge, Mary Keys, Irina Georgieva, Liz Brosnan, Claire Beecher, Brian Hallahan, Colm McDonald, Kathy Murphy
There is international interest in, and continued concern about, the potential long-term impact of involuntary admission to psychiatric institutions, and the effect this coercive action has on a person's well-being and human rights. Involuntary detention in hospital remains a controversial process that involves stakeholders with competing concerns and who often describe negative experiences of the process, which can have long-lasting effects on the therapeutic relationship with service users. The aim of the present study was to explore the perspectives of key stakeholders involved in the involuntary admission and detention of people under the Mental Health Act 2001 in Ireland...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763774/modelling-faults-among-e-bike-related-fatal-crashes-in-china
#16
Chen Wang, Chengcheng Xu, Jinxin Xia, Zhendong Qian
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to model fault in e-bike fatal crashes in a county-level city in China. METHOD: Three-year crash data are retrieved from the crash reports (2012-2014) from the Taixing Police Department. A mixed logit models is introduced to explore significant factors associated with fault assignment, as well as accounting for similarity among fault assignment and heterogeneity within unobserved variables. RESULTS: The modeling results indicate some interesting new findings...
October 20, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753541/quantifying-the-postural-demands-of-patrol-officers-a-field-study
#17
Michelle Rae, Michelle Girouard, Colin McKinnon, Jack P Callaghan, Wayne J Albert
Police officers have been identified as group at high risk for developing musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine physical demands differences of patrol officers during day shifts and night shifts. Sixteen participants were recruited (10 males, 6 females) for in-vehicle observation over one full day shift and one full night shift. Dynamic pressure distribution when seated in the vehicle was assessed and compared between the first and last part of each shift. Activity characterization and postural analyses were conducted from video that was recorded continuously for the duration of each shift to determine time spent in each task and corresponding postures...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747751/economic-development-and-road-traffic-fatalities-in-russia-analysis-of-federal-regions-2004-2011
#18
Huan He, Nino Paichadze, Adnan A Hyder, David Bishai
BACKGROUND: The relationship between economic development and road safety at sub-national level has not been well established. This study aims to assess the relationships between economic growth (measured by gross regional product (GRP)) and road traffic fatalities (RTFs) and crash fatality ratio (CFR) at sub-national level in Russia. METHODS: We used published secondary data on annual RTFs and CFR obtained from the traffic police and socioeconomic development indicators from the statistics department for each Russian federal region (referred to in Russia as "subject") for 2004-2011...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747550/development-of-a-curriculum-and-roadside-screening-tool-for-law-enforcement-identification-of-medical-impairment-in-aging-drivers
#19
Linda L Hill, Jill Rybar, James Stowe, Jana Jahns
BACKGROUND: An estimated one in five drivers will be over 65 by 2030. Compared with their younger counterparts, older adults are more likely to experience health and functional impairments, including cognitive dysfunction, which may interfere with their ability to drive safely. Law enforcement officers, as part of the public safety community, need help in developing the necessary skills to identify and manage these medically affected drivers. METHODS: To address this need, in partnership with the California Highway Patrol (CHP), Training, Research and Education for Driving Safety (TREDS) at the University of California, San Diego, developed a certified two-hour training curriculum...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746012/compliance-with-and-enforcement-of-graduated-driver-licensing-restrictions
#20
Allison E Curry, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Michael R Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) is the most effective strategy to reduce the burden of young driver crashes, but the extent to which young intermediate (newly licensed) drivers comply with, and police enforce, important GDL passenger and night-time restrictions is largely unknown. Population-level rates of intermediate drivers' compliance were estimated as well as police enforcement among crash-involved drivers who were noncompliant. METHODS: New Jersey's statewide driver licensing and crash databases were individually linked...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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