keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Police wellness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198931/police-anthropometry-and-fingerprinting-the-transnational-history-of-identification-systems-from-rio-de-la-plata-to-brazil
#1
Mercedes García Ferrari, Diego Galeano
The article explores the transnational circulation of methods for identifying people in South America. It analyzes both the implementation of the anthropometric system at police departments in Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil starting in the 1890s, as well as the criticisms that were aimed at this method when fingerprinting took hold in the region in the early twentieth century. In a context of a heavy worldwide flow of ideas, experts, and technologies in policing, "bertillonage" was discussed and underwent hybridization in Latin America...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190670/assessing-the-concordance-between-illicit-drug-laws-on-the-books-and-drug-law-enforcement-comparison-of-three-states-on-the-continuum-from-decriminalised-to-punitive
#2
Vendula Belackova, Alison Ritter, Marian Shanahan, Caitlin E Hughes
BACKGROUND: Variations in drug laws, as well as variations in enforcement practice, exist across jurisdictions. This study explored the feasibility of categorising drug laws "on the books" in terms of their punitiveness, and the extent of their concordance with "laws in practice" in a cross-national comparison. METHODS: "Laws on the books", classified with respect to both cannabis and other drug offences in the Czech Republic, NSW (AU) and Florida (USA) were analysed in order to establish an ordinal relationship between the three states...
February 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179069/development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-software-for-crash-data-collection-processing-and-analysis
#3
Alfonso Montella, Salvatore Chiaradonna, Giorgio Criscuolo, Salvatore De Martino
First step of the development of an effective safety management system is to create reliable crash databases since the quality of decision making in road safety depends on the quality of the data on which decisions are based. Improving crash data is a worldwide priority, as highlighted in the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety adopted by the United Nations, which recognizes that the overall goal of the plan will be attained improving the quality of data collection at the national, regional and global levels...
February 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173921/gunshot-wounds-resulting-in-hospitalization-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#4
Alan Cook, Turner Osler, David Hosmer, Laurent Glance, Frederick Rogers, Brian Gross, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Ajai Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: The United States (US) leads all high income countries in gunshot wound (GSW) deaths. However, as a result of two decades of reduced federal support, study of GSW has been largely neglected. In this paper we describe the current state of GSW hospitalizations in the US using population-based data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patients hospitalized for GSW in the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2004 -2013...
January 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173849/rigour-and-rapport-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-professionals-experiences-of-joint-agency-infant-death-investigation
#5
Joanna Garstang, Frances Griffiths, Peter Sidebotham
BACKGROUND: In many countries there are now detailed Child Death Review (CDR) processes following unexpected child deaths. CDR can lead to a fuller understanding of the causes for each child's death but this potentially intrusive process may increase the distress of bereaved families. In England, a joint agency approach (JAA) is used where police, healthcare and social services investigate sudden child deaths together and a key part of this is the joint home visit (JHV) where specialist police and paediatricians visit the home with the parents to view the scene of death...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167421/self-reported-vs-state-recorded-motor-vehicle-collisions-among-older-community-dwelling-individuals
#6
B A Singletary, A N Do, J P Donnelly, C Huisingh, M T Mefford, R Modi, F L Mondesir, Y Ye, C Owsley, G McGwin
INTRODUCTION: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) continue to place an increased burden on both individuals and health care systems. Self-reported and state-recorded police reports are the most common methods for MVC evaluation in epidemiologic studies, with varying degrees of agreement of information when compared in previous studies. The objective of the current study is to address the differences in MVC reporting and provide a more robust measure of the agreement between self-reported and state-recorded MVCs in a community dwelling population of older adults...
February 3, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160813/fatigue-and-on-duty-injury-among-police-officers-the-bcops-study
#7
Desta Fekedulegn, Cecil M Burchfiel, Claudia C Ma, Michael E Andrew, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Ja K Gu, John M Violanti
INTRODUCTION: Policing involves inherent physical and psychological dangers as well as occupational stressors that could lead to chronic fatigue. Although accounts of adverse events associated with police fatigue are not scarce, literature on the association between chronic fatigue and on-duty injury are limited. METHODS: Participants were officers from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Study. A 10-item questionnaire was administered to assess how tired or energetic the officers generally felt irrespective of sleep hours or workload...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138388/mental-illness-and-violent-behavior-the-role-of-dissociation
#8
Aliya R Webermann, Bethany L Brand
BACKGROUND: The role of mental illness in violent crime is elusive, and there are harmful stereotypes that mentally ill people are frequently violent criminals. Studies find greater psychopathology among violent offenders, especially convicted homicide offenders, and higher rates of violence perpetration and victimization among those with mental illness. Emotion dysregulation may be one way in which mental illness contributes to violent and/or criminal behavior. Although there are many stereotyped portrayals of individuals with dissociative disorders (DDs) being violent, the link between DDs and crime is rarely researched...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126690/tio2-based-photocatalytic-disinfection-of-microbes-in-aqueous-media-a-review
#9
REVIEW
P Venkata Laxma Reddy, Beluri Kavitha, Police Anil Kumar Reddy, Ki-Hyun Kim
The TiO2 based photocatalyst has great potential for the disinfection/inactivation of harmful pathogens (such as E.coli in aqueous media) along with its well-known usefulness on various chemical pollutants. The disinfection property of TiO2 is primarily attributed to surface generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as free metal ions formation. Furthermore, its disinfection capacity and overall performance can be significantly improved through modifications of the TiO2 material. In this review, we provide a brief survey on the effect of various TiO2 materials in the disinfection of a wide range of environmentally harmful microbial pathogens (e...
January 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125365/cost-effectiveness-of-pembrolizumab-versus-ipilimumab-in-ipilimumab-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-advanced-melanoma-in-the-united-states
#10
Jingshu Wang, Bartosz Chmielowski, James Pellissier, Ruifeng Xu, Kendall Stevinson, Frank Xiaoqing Liu
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials have shown that pembrolizumab significantly prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival compared with ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. However, there has been no published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab for this indication. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab versus ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients with unresectable or meta-static melanoma from a U...
February 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943398/long-term-effects-of-peer-victimization-on-social-outcomes-through-the-fourth-decade-of-life-in-individuals-born-at-normal-or-extremely-low-birthweight
#11
Kimberly L Day, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Tracy Vaillancourt, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt
Exposure to early adversity is known to have deleterious effects on brain-behaviour relations across the lifespan and across a range of domains. Here, we tested a cumulative risk hypothesis of adult social functioning and health outcomes in the fourth decade of life, using the oldest known longitudinally followed cohort of survivors of extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1,000 g). We investigated the additional impact of peer victimization in youth on social outcomes at age 29-36 years in ELBW survivors and matched normal birthweight (NBW; >2,500 g) participants...
December 10, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938376/results-of-a-participatory-needs-assessment-demonstrate-an-opportunity-to-involve-people-who-use-alcohol-in-drug-user-activism-and-harm-reduction
#12
Alexis Crabtree, Nicole Latham, Lorna Bird, Jane Buxton
BACKGROUND: Drug users' organizations have made progress in recent years in advocating for the health and human rights of people who use illicit drugs but have historically not emphasized the needs of people who drink alcohol. METHODS: This paper reports on a qualitative participatory needs assessment with people who use illicit substances in British Columbia, Canada. We held workshops in 17 communities; these were facilitated by people who use illicit drugs, recorded with ethnographic fieldnotes, and analyzed using critical theory...
December 9, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903954/gender-policing-during-childhood-and-the-psychological-well-being-of-young-adult-sexual-minority-men-in-the-united-states
#13
José A Bauermeister, Daniel Connochie, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Steven Meanley
Hegemonic masculinities (i.e., sets of socially accepted masculine behaviors and beliefs within a given time and culture) may affect the well-being of sexual minority men, yet quantitative relationships between these masculinities and well-being remain largely unexplored. Using data from a national cross-sectional survey of young sexual minority men (N = 1,484; ages 18-24 years), the current study examined the relationship between parental gender policing during childhood and adolescence and subsequent substance use and psychological distress...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#14
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891233/effectiveness-and-implementation-of-a-community-based-prevention-programme-targeting-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-use-in-gyms-study-protocol-of-a-quasi-experimental-control-group-study
#15
Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg, Ann-Sofie Bakshi
BACKGROUND: During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. Accordingly, doping prevention efforts aimed at gyms have been recommended. The overall objective of the present project is to examine a prevention programme named 100% Pure Hard Training (100% PHT), which targets AAS use among recreational sportspeople training in gyms...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885431/forensic-age-assessment-of-asylum-seekers-in-finland
#16
Mari Metsäniitty, Olli Varkkola, Janna Waltimo-Sirén, Helena Ranta
In Finland, forensic age assessment is strictly regulated by legislation. According to the Aliens Act (301/2004) and the amendment of the Act (549/2010), the police authorities, the frontier guard authorities, and the immigration authorities have the right to refer asylum seekers to the University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine, for age assessment. These assessments are especially performed to solve if the person is of major age, the cutoff being 18 completed years. The forensic age assessment is largely based on dental development, since the special permit of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) to the Department of Forensic Medicine of the University of Helsinki, allowing the use of ionizing radiation for non-medical purposes, includes dental and hand X-rays...
January 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872398/five-year-study-of-unidentified-unclaimed-and-unknown-deaths-brought-for-medicolegal-autopsy-at-premier-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#17
Abhishek Yadav, Adarsh Kumar, Rajanikanta Swain, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
Delhi is the second largest city of the world both in terms of population and area, as well as being the capital of India. Every year, thousands of people from different states throng to the capital in search of a job in order to earn a living. When these people die and their bodies are found without any identifying documentation, it is very difficult for the police to establish their identities. These bodies are labelled as unidentified/unclaimed or unknown, and are sent for usually sent for medicolegal autopsy...
November 21, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872112/too-much-detention-street-triage-and-detentions-under-section-136-mental-health-act-in-the-north-east-of-england-a-descriptive-study-of-the-effects-of-a-street-triage-intervention
#18
Patrick Keown, Jo French, Graham Gibson, Eddy Newton, Steve Cull, Paul Brown, Jo Parry, Diana Lyons, Iain McKinnon
OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact of Street Triage (ST) on the number and rate of Section 136 Mental Health Act (S136) detentions in one NHS Mental Health and Disability Trust (Northumberland, Tyne and Wear (NTW)). DESIGN: Comparative descriptive study of numbers and rates of S136 detentions prior to and following the introduction of ST in NTW. More detailed data were obtained from one local authority in the NTW area. SETTING: NTW, a secondary care NHS Foundation Trust providing mental health and disability services in the north-east of England, in conjunction with Northumbria Police Service...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869568/the-carrot-and-the-stick-strategies-to-improve-compliance-with-college-campus-tobacco-policies
#19
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Maria Roditis, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16 different California universities with varying tobacco policies (no smoking indoors and within 20 feet of entrances, designated smoking areas, 100% smoke-free, and 100% tobacco-free)...
February 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869465/association-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Erin C McCanlies, Khachatur Sarkisian, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
Aim: In this study, we evaluated whether peritraumatic dissociation (PD) was associated with symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and whether this association was modified by trauma prior to police work. Method: Symptoms of depression, PTSD, peritraumatic dissociative experience (PDE), and trauma prior to police work were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, PTSD Checklist-Civilian, PDE questionnaire, and the Brief Trauma questionnaire, respectively, in 328 police officers...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
keyword
keyword
86382
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"