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Marta B Brumana, Elena Marinello, Stefano Piaserico, Michael D Linder, Emanuele Cozzani, Edoardo Zattra, Anna Belloni Fortina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Vinicius Coelho Carrard, Michelle Roxo Gonçalves, Jéssica Rodriguez Strey, Carlos Pilz, Marco Antonio Trevizani Martins, Manoela Domingues Martins, Carlos Aita Schmitz, Rafael Gustavo Dal Moro, Otávio Pereira D'Ávila, Dimitris Rucks Varvaki Rados, Erno Harzheim, Marcelo Rodrigues Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of oral lesions are often challenging for primary health care providers, which explains the high number of referrals to specialist care. This favors increases in waiting lines and delays in diagnosis, contributing to high mortality rates from oral cancer. This study aimed to summarize the experience of the EstomatoNet, a telediagnosis program catering to primary care dentists and physicians from southern Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: This exploratory study included all queries received by EstomatoNet from June/2015 to December/2016...
March 5, 2018: Oral Diseases
Georgi Tchernev, Jose Carlos Cardoso, Ivan Pidakev, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Jacopo Lotti, Serena Gianfaldoni, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev
The lip represents an anatomical area of the interface between the skin and oral mucosa. It is, therefore, not entirely surprising that SCC of the lip exhibits mixed features between cutaneous and oral mucosal SCC, namely regarding risk factors and biological behaviour. The main risk factors for lip SCC include ultraviolet radiation exposure, low phototype, tobacco and alcohol use, and immunosuppression. Lip SCC usually presents clinically as a nodule or a tumour with a keratotic surface that commonly ulcerates...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
F Aragón, M A Zea-Sevilla, J Montero, P Sancho, R Corral, C Tejedor, B Frades-Payo, V Paredes-Gallardo, A Albaladejo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case-control study was to carry out an oral health assessment on a group of Alzheimer's patients and to establish a hypothesis regarding the implication of the characteristics of the disease and the treatment of oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 Alzheimer's patients, residents at the Alzheimer Center Reina Sofia Foundation (Madrid, Spain) and at the Alzheimer State Reference Center (Salamanca, Spain), and 36 controls (companions/acquaintances), were studied by oral examination and saliva sampling...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Parvin Mansouri, Zahra Azizian, Zeinab Najafi, Somaye Hejazi, Shima Younespour
BACKGROUND: Oral Isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid)is a gold standardtreatment for severe forms of acne with cheilitis as a most frequent complication.we designed this novel study to investigate the therapeutic effect of Trichloroacetic Acid(TCA) 33% as compared with placebo to treat cheilitis. METHODS: In this pilot study, 90 acne vulgaris patients between 18 to 50 years, who refered dermatologic clinic with cheilitis, were assigned to either case (TCA) or control (Vaseline) group using permuted-block randomization from 2013 to 2015,with data analysis in 2016...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
L Ottria, D Lauritano, L Oberti, V Candotto, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
HIV infection is one of the major health problem of the last decades. This disease causes a chronic infection that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). According to the Global AIDS update, released in 2016 by HIV department of World Health Organization (WHO) and by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), at the end of 2015, 36.7 million people were infected by HIV: 34.9 million of these were adults and 1.8 million were children under 15 years of age. The same report shows that during 2015, 2...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Yoshihiro Aoki, Katsuhiko Kitazawa, Hironobu Kobayashi
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is rare in children and is characterised as necrotising vasculitis predominantly affecting small and medium-sized vessels. Propylthiouracil (PTU), an antithyroid drug, has been implicated in drug-induced AAV. In contrast, Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common systemic vasculitis, typically observed in children, which affects the medium-sized vessels, including the coronary arteries. An 11-year-old girl who developed AAV while receiving PTU therapy for Graves' disease is described...
February 19, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Xujun Song, Suli Zheng, Gang Yang, Guangbing Xiong, Zhe Cao, Mengyu Feng, Taiping Zhang, Yupei Zhao
Glucagonoma is an extremely rare pancreatic α-islet cell tumor and is often accompanied by certain clinical symptoms including necrotizing migratory erythema (NME), diabetes, weight loss and anemia. The objectives of the current review were to discern the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of glucagonoma by evaluating 623 reported cases. A 1998 study reviewed 407 cases and 216 cases were reported in studies published after 1998. The current review consisted of 268 males and 339 females, with an average age of 52...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Eustachio Nettis, Elisabetta Di Leo, Maria Bisaccia, Carolina Marasco, Caterina Foti, Angelo Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Zahra Talattof, Azita Azad, Maryam Zahed, Nazanin Shahradnia
AIM: The most common fungal infection among human population is candidiasis, the etiology of which is mostly Candida albicans. As a result of a disrupted balance of the normal flora or a compromised immune system, Candida species can become pathogenic. Various in vitro surveys have shown that glucose intake is a promoter of C. albicans growth, whereas in vivo studies have found that xylitol can decrease the risk of candidiasis and angular cheilitis. Hence, we aimed to evaluate for the first time the inhibitory effects of xylitol on C...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rekha Reddy, Liya Davidova, Indraneel Bhattacharyya, Donald M Cohen, Mohammed N Islam, Sarah G Fitzpatrick
Skin lesions are often submitted to oral and maxillofacial pathology practices. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency, distribution, variability, and composition of dermatologic lesions within a large oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service. An IRB-approved retrospective search of skin lesions diagnosed at University of Florida oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service between 1994 and 2015 was performed. 2487 cases were included in the study. Gender was reported in 2466 cases, of which 59% were male and 41% female...
January 16, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Haifa Al Hashmi, Mawlood Kowash, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four CP and 125 healthy children were recruited from special needs centers and private/public schools in Dubai. A dental examination for decayed-missing-filled teeth in primary dentition (dmft)/Decayed-Missing-Filled teeth in permanent dentition (DMFT) indices, simplified oral hygiene index, calculus index (CI), and oral debris index was conducted...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Myungshin Kim, Jaeeun Yoo, Jiyeon Kim, Joonhong Park, Eunhee Han, Woori Jang, Hyojin Chae, Ji Hyun Lee, Young Min Park, Yonggoo Kim
BACKGROUND: FLG encodes a large protein called profilaggrin, which plays a key role in maintaining an effective skin barrier against the environment. In this study, we identified FLG single nucleotide variations (FLG-SNVs) and evaluated the association of FLG-SNVs with clinical phenotypes including atopic dermatitis (AD)-associated minor clinical features, presence of specific allergic sensitization, and serum parameters. METHODS: Eighty-one Korean patients with AD were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
Viviana Marisa Pereira Macho, Ana Sofia Coelho, Diana Maria Veloso E Silva, David José Casimiro de Andrade
Background: Coeliac disease is a chronic enteropathy that remains a challenge for the clinician, due to its atypical manifestations and etiopathogenic complexity. Objective: This article intends to describe the oral characteristics of Coeliac Disease in children in order to facilitate their management in the dental office. Methods: A review of the literature was performed electronically in PubMed (PubMed Central, and MEDLINE) for articles published in English from 2000 to April of 2017...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Maria Lourenço, Álvaro Azevedo, Isabel Brandão, Pedro S Gomes
OBJECTIVE: This case-control study aims to evaluate the oral health status and orofacial problems in a group of outpatients with eating disorders (ED)-either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN)-further focusing on the influence of vomit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five women outpatients with AN or BN diagnosis were invited to participate, of which 33 agreed. ED outpatients and matched controls were submitted to a questionnaire and clinical oral examination...
November 25, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Giulio Conti, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have become very popular in recent years. However, many uncertainties remain about their side effects. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in former smokers compared to ECs consumers. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was carried out. Outpatients for dental consultation were consecutively enrolled into two groups based on their habits, i.e. former smokers and ECs consumers...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Dimitrios Malamos, Crispian Scully
This series of three papers reviews the causes, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and outlines the management of sore and/or swollen lips. Clinical relevance: Sore and/or swollen lips are not uncommon, often have a local cause, but may reflect a systemic disease. The previous article reviewed important causes, from actinic to contact cheilitis, while this paper starts with drug-induced cheilitis and completes that alphabetical list.
December 2016: Dental Update
Rene Panico, Eduardo Piemonte, Jerónimo Lazos, Gerardo Gilligan, Anibal Zampini, Héctor Lanfranchi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe oral lesions in patients with eating disorders (ED), including Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective case-control study was carried out from April 2003 to May 2004. Inclusion criteria for the study group were individuals with a diagnosis of ED; age and sex-matched individuals without ED were included as controls. Clinical data regarding ED, medical complications and oral examination were performed by previously calibrated professionals...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Maaz B Badshah, Saqib Walayat, Umair Ahmed, Sonu Dhillon, Sherri Yong, Sunanda Kane, Shoba Thievanayagam
BACKGROUND: Orofacial granulomatosis is a relatively recent term coined by Wiesenfield et al. in 1985 to define granulomatous lesions of oral mucosa without intestinal involvement. When it presents in a triad encompassing facial nerve palsy, lip swelling, and fissured or furrowed tongue it is called Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome while monosymptomatic or oligosymptomatic forms are referred to as granulomatous cheilitis. It is an uncommon clinicopathologic entity which is distinct from classic Crohn's disease...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Beata Głowacka, Małgorzata Radwan-Oczko
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiophatic inflammatory process of the gastrointestinal tract and its cause remains unknown. It can affect any part of the digestive system, but preferentially involves the terminal part of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. The disease course is usually long-term with episodes of remission and relapses. The clinical presentation of the disease varies and depends on the site of inflammation. Oral lesions can occur in 80% of pediatric and 90% of adult patients with CD...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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