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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442872/olmsted-syndrome-in-a-family
#1
Rajyalaxmi Konathan, Sainath Kumar Alur
Olmsted syndrome (OS) is a rare disorder characterized by the combination of periorificial, keratotic plaques, and bilateral palmoplantar keratoderma. Synonyms are mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma with periorificial keratotic plaques (ORPHA659, MIM #614594 and #300918). A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma with periorificial keratotic plaques (OS) is caused by heterozygous mutation in the TRPV3 gene on chromosome 17p13.2. We report three cases of OS, two females and one male in the same family, who presented with palmoplantar keratoderma, sparse scalp hair, cheilitis, and periorificial fissures...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405551/spectrum-of-lip-lesions-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-an-epidemiological-study-of-3009-indian-patients
#2
Shivani Bansal, Sana Shaikh, Rajiv S Desai, Islam Ahmad, Pavan Puri, Pooja Prasad, Pankaj Shirsat, Dipali Gundre
AIM: Large-scale population-based screening studies have identified lip lesions to be the most common oral mucosal lesions; however, few studies have been carried out to estimate the prevalence of lip lesions exclusively. The aim of present study is to highlight the diversity of lip lesions and determine their prevalence in an unbiased Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lip lesions were selected from 3009 patients who visited the department over a period of 3 years (January 2012 to December 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390126/oral-thrombus-report-of-122-cases-with-clinically-descriptive-data
#3
P-L Tobouti, F-M Pigatti, M-C Martins-Mussi, S-C-O Machado de Sousa
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency and characterize clinic-pathologic aspects of thrombus occurring as a single lesion or in association with other oral pathologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 122 cases of thrombus from the oral cavity were retrieved. Information regarding site of the lesion, age, sex and clinical diagnosis or hypothesis and associated lesions were collected from the patients' records. RESULTS: The lesions occurred in a wide age range but the 5th decade was the most prevalent and female patients were more affected...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329526/chronic-granulomatous-disease-as-a-risk-factor-for-cutaneous-lupus-in-childhood
#4
Sandrina Carvalho, Susana Machado, Rita Sampaio, Margarida Guedes, Júlia Vasconcelos, Diogo Semedo, Manuela Selores
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primaryimmunodeficiency disorder that affects the phagocyticcells of the innate immune system. It is characterizedby recurrent or persistent infections with granulomaformation. Lupus-like lesions have been reported incarriers of CGD and less frequently, in patients withCGD. Immunological study in these patients areusually negative. We describe the case of an 8-yearoldboy with CGD who developed chronic and acutecutaneous lupus erythematous with angular cheilitis,oral ulcers, Raynaud phenomenon, and positiveserologies for antinuclear, anticentromere, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291073/contact-allergy-to-ingredients-of-toothpastes
#5
REVIEW
Anton de Groot
The literature on contact allergy to (ingredients of) toothpastes is critically reviewed. We have found 47 case reports, small case series (n = 2-5) and citations published between 1900 and 2016 describing more than 60 patients allergic to toothpastes, and in addition 3 larger case series and many descriptions of toothpaste allergy among selected groups of patients. Allergic reactions usually manifest as cheilitis with or without dermatitis around the mouth, less frequently by oral symptoms. Formerly, many reactions were caused by cinnamon derivatives; more recently, reported allergens are diverse...
March 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270072/topical-ingenol-mebutate-a-new-treatment-modality-for-multiple-actinic-keratoses-and-field-cancerization
#6
Kresimir Kostovic, Sandra Jerkovic Gulin, Zrinka Bukvic Mokos, Romana Ceovic
BACKGROUND: Ingenol mebutate gel is a recent stirring weapon recommended for the treatment of multiple actinic keratoses (AKs) and field cancerization. This review brings a summary of recent data on the treatment of AKs with ingenol mebutate (IM) providing critical commentary with regard to drug's characteristics, drug's safety profile, treatment regimen, treatment outcome, patient compliance, AK recurrence, cost-effectiveness and cost-utility, as well as guidelines for the management of the treatment of AK...
February 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224020/ingenol-mebutate-topical-gel-a-status-report-on-clinical-use-beyond-actinic-keratosis
#7
James Q Del Rosso
Ingenol mebutate is available as a topical gel formulation approved for the treatment of actinic keratosis. Two different concentrations are available for treatment of actinic keratoses at specific anatomic sites with the advantages of short durations of therapy and limited "down time" related to visible inflammation as compared to other topical agents. Due to the various modes of action of ingenol mebutate, it has also been used for treatment of disease states other than actinic keratosis. This manuscript discusses the suggested modes of action of ingenol mebutate and reviews publications on the use of ingenol mebutate gel for cutaneous disorders other than actinic keratosis, including squamous cell carcinoma in-situ, basal cell carcinoma, actinic cheilitis, anogenital warts, and others...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216727/high-altitude-dermatology
#8
Lt Col G K Singh
Approximately, 140 million people worldwide live permanently at high altitudes (HAs) and approximately another 40 million people travel to HA area (HAA) every year for reasons of occupation, sports or recreation. In India, whole of Ladakh region, part of Northwest Kashmir, Northern part of Sikkim and Tenga valley of Arunachal are considered inhabited areas of HAA. The low quantity of oxygen, high exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, very low humidity, extreme subzero temperature in winter, high wind velocity, make this region difficult for lowlanders as well as for tourists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214382/allergic-contact-cheilitis-from-anethole-containing-toothpastes-a-practical-solution
#9
N Horst, J Leysen, T Mellaerts, J Lambert, O Aerts
In patients presenting with therapy-resistant cheilitis, especially when extending to the perioral skin, patch tests should be performed, even in longstanding cases(1-2) . A 55-year-old woman suffered from an oozing cheilitis for three months with erythema, edema and crusting of the lips and perioral skin (Fig. 1). An intra-oral burning sensation, loss of taste and a dry mouth were also present. Microbiological swabs and a blood analysis did not reveal any abnormalities, and the application of topical corticosteroids brought only temporary relief...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192771/miescher-s-cheilitis-surgical-management-and-long-term-outcome-of-an-extremely-severe-case
#10
Alessandro Innocenti, Marco Innocenti, Cecilia Taverna, Dario Melita, Francesco Mori, Francesco Ciancio, Vincenzo De Giorgi, Paola Parronchi, Alessandra Vultaggio, Andrea Matucci
INTRODUCTION: Miescher's cheilitis is clinically characterized by persistent swelling of the lip(s). Its pathogenesis is still unknown. Histopathologically is characterized by sub-epithelial edema, increased number of dilated lymphatic vessels and an inflammatory infiltrate and/or non-caseating/non- necrotic granulomas. Even if the disorder must be controlled by medical therapy, surgery may be required to treat most severe cases. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We report a 30-year-old man who presented a persistent swelling of both lips since 8 years, previously treated with intralesional steroid and immunosuppressive therapy...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183007/thioredoxin-and-metallothionein-homeostasis-related-proteins-in-lip-carcinogenesis
#11
Patrícia C Caldeira, Laíssa S Silva, Aline C Batista, Maria Cássia F Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: Thioredoxin (Trx) and metallothionein (MT) are involved in the development of some carcinomas; however, the role of these proteins in labial carcinogenesis has not yet been tested. The aims of the study were to evaluate and to correlate the immunoexpression of Trx and MT in actinic cheilitis, lip squamous cell carcinoma, and normal vermillion lip mucosa. DESIGN: Immunohistochemistry was undertaken for Trx and MT in samples of actinic cheilitis, lip squamous cell carcinoma, and normal lip mucosa...
May 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107582/immunoexpression-of-hdac1-hdac2-and-hat1-in-actinic-cheilitis-and-lip-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
E S Chrun, F Modolo, Dsc Vieira, Áls Borges-Júnior, R G Castro, F I Daniel
BACKGROUND: Acetylation and deacetylation are the most studied covalent histone modifications resulting in transcriptional regulation with histone deacetylases (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferases (HAT) as the main associated enzymes. These enzymes overexpression induces abnormal transcription of key genes that regulate important cellular functions, such as proliferation, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. Thus, the expression of different HATs and HDACs has been evaluated in various cancers...
January 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050593/allergic-contact-cheilitis-in-children-and-improvement-with-patch-testing
#13
Alyx Rosen, Shanna Ngshanyi, Antonella Tosti, Lawrence Schachner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009693/importance-of-scar-prevention-and-treatment-an-approach-from-wound-care-principles
#14
Leonardo Marini, Derek Odendaal, Sergey Smirnyi
BACKGROUND: The increased number of cosmetic surgical and nonsurgical procedures has led to a greater demand to achieve aesthetically acceptable scars. Silicone gel (SG) dressings were evaluated in these cases following the principles of wound care and also minimizing abnormal scar formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A newly developed solution in wound care in the form of a SG has proven to be a highly effective treatment for a series of 4 clinically challenging cases presented in this article: postprocedure healing after a laser treatment, nonhealing scalp wounds, chronic relapsing xerotic eczematous cheilitis, and the treatment of scars caused by third degree burns...
January 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007674/the-current-role-of-in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-within-the-continuum-of-actinic-keratosis-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#15
Kim P Nguyen, Malou Peppelman, Lisa Hoogedoorn, Piet E J Van Erp, Marie-Jeanne P Gerritsen
BACKGROUND: Clinical differentiation between actinic keratosis (AK), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ, and invasive SCC and its variants may be difficult. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a non-invasive technique for in vivo skin imaging. OBJECTIVES: To explicate the diagnostic and monitoring use of RCM within the spectrum of AK and SCC, and evaluate the accuracy of RCM for these diagnoses relative to histopathology. MATERIALS & METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990408/cheilitis-granulomatosa
#16
Sukumaran Pradeep Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981067/automated-algorithm-for-actinic-cheilitis-diagnosis-by-wide-field-fluorescence-imaging
#17
Alessandro Cosci, Ademar Takahama, Wagner Rafael Correr, Rebeca Souza Azevedo, Karla Bianca Fernandes da Costa Fontes, Cristina Kurachi
Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a disease caused by prolonged and cumulative sun exposure that mostly affects the lower lip, which can progress to a lip squamous cell carcinoma. Routine diagnosis relies on clinician experience and training. We investigated the diagnostic efficacy of wide-field fluorescence imaging coupled to an automated algorithm for AC recognition. Fluorescence images were acquired from 57 patients with confirmed AC and 46 normal volunteers. Three different algorithms were employed: two based on the emission characteristics of local heterogeneity, entropy and intensity range, and one based on the number of objects after K-mean clustering...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976483/hyposalivation-and-xerostomia-among-parkinson-s-disease-patients-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life
#18
A G Barbe, A Heinzler, Shm Derman, M Hellmich, L Timmermann, M J Noack
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) adversely affects oral health (OH). However, the informative value of xerostomia compared to objective parameters and its impact on quality of life (QoL) are still unclear. This study aimed to explore whether xerostomia correlates with hyposalivation and to define its impact on OH-related QoL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole stimulated saliva (WSS) was collected from 30 patients with PD and 30 matched healthy controls. Objective parameters (community periodontal index of treatment needs, plaque/gingivitis index, mucosa situation and cheilitis angularis) and questionnaires (German Oral Health Impact Profile [OHIPG]-14, visual analogue scale [VAS], xerostomia [yes/no] and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-II) were assessed...
December 14, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957754/allergic-contact-cheilitis-caused-by-olaflur-in-toothpaste
#19
Anton de Groot, Ron Tupker, Diny Hissink, Marjolijn Woutersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896868/crohn-s-disease-should-be-considered-in-children-with-inflammatory-oral-lesions
#20
REVIEW
Anna Skrzat, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Anna Turska-Szybka
This systematic review presents the oral manifestations of paediatric Crohn's disease. Our review of 28 papers published from 2000 to 2015 showed that the prevalence of oral manifestations was 10-80%. Specific symptoms included mucosal tags, swelling of the lips, cheeks and gingiva, and cobblestoning mucosa. Nonspecific symptoms included aphthous-like ulcers, angular cheilitis, lip fissuring and gingivitis. CONCLUSION: The oral manifestations of Crohn's disease might precede intestinal inflammation or coincide with it...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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