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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742212/accidental-strangulation-in-children-by-the-automatic-closing-of-a-car-window
#1
Kailene Serena, Jefferson Pedro Piva, Cinara Andreolio, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho, Tais Sica da Rocha
Among the main causes of death in our country are car accidents, drowning and accidental burns. Strangulation is a potentially fatal injury and an important cause of homicide and suicide among adults and adolescents. In children, its occurrence is usually accidental. However, in recent years, several cases of accidental strangulation in children around the world have been reported. A 2-year-old male patient was strangled in a car window. The patient was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 8 and presented with progressive worsening of respiratory dysfunction and torpor...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718183/historical-links-between-toxinology-and-immunology
#2
Jean-Marc Cavaillon
Research on bacterial toxins is closely linked to the birth of immunology. Our understanding of the interaction of bacterial protein toxins with immune cells has helped to decipher immunopathology, develop preventive and curative treatments for infections, and propose anti-cancer immunotherapies. The link started when Behring and Kitasato demonstrated that serotherapy was effective against 'the strangling angel', namely diphtheria, and its dreadful toxin discovered by Roux and Yersin. The antitoxin treatment helped to save thousands of children...
April 1, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607725/a-strangled-hernia-through-the-winslow-s-hiatus-about-a-rare-situation
#3
A Haddad, A Sebai, R Rhaiem, A Ghedira, A Daghfous
Winslow's hiatus hernia is the rarest of the internal hernias. Its diagnosis is difficult and requires an urgent laparotomy to avoid necrosis of the incarcerated loop or even the death of the patient. We report the case of a patient operated urgently for acute intestinal obstruction caused by a strangled hernia through the Winslow's hiatus. A reduction by traction of the hernia was undertaken. Rapid management of this pathology is important using clinical and radiographical elements.
April 1, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545493/-streptococcus-equi-breaking-its-strangles-hold
#4
Andrew Waller
Andrew Waller , head of bacteriology at the AHT, describes Streptococcus equi, the causative agent of strangles in horses, and discusses progress with the latest research aimed at improving vaccines against this global disease.
March 17, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502502/intimate-partner-violence-and-pet-abuse-responding-law-enforcement-officers-observations-and-victim-reports-from-the-scene
#5
Andrew M Campbell, Shannon L Thompson, Tara L Harris, Sarah E Wiehe
The risk of harm/injury in homes where intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs is not limited to humans; animals reside in as many as 80% of these homes and may be at substantial risk of suffering severe or fatal injury. Gaining a better understanding of IPV-pet abuse overlap is imperative in more accurately identifying the risks of harm for all individuals and animals residing in these homes. The objectives of this study were to utilize law enforcement officers' observations and IPV victim reports from the scene of the incident to (a) determine the prevalence of pet abuse perpetration among suspects involved in IPV incidents, (b) compare characteristics of IPV incidents and the home environments in which they occur when the suspect has a history of pet abuse with incidents involving suspects with no reported history of pet abuse, and (c) compare IPV incident outcomes involving suspects with a history of pet abuse with those involving suspects with no reported history of pet abuse...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424487/streptococcus-equi-infections-in-horses-guidelines-for-treatment-control-and-prevention-of-strangles-revised-consensus-statement
#6
A G Boyle, J F Timoney, J R Newton, M T Hines, A S Waller, B R Buchanan
This consensus statement update reflects our current published knowledge and opinion about clinical signs, pathogenesis, epidemiology, treatment, complications, and control of strangles. This updated statement emphasizes varying presentations in the context of existing underlying immunity and carrier states of strangles in the transmission of disease. The statement redefines the "gold standard" for detection of possible infection and reviews the new technologies available in polymerase chain reaction diagnosis and serology and their use in outbreak control and prevention...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398274/strangvac-a-recombinant-fusion-protein-vaccine-that-protects-against-strangles-caused-by-streptococcus-equi
#7
Carl Robinson, Lars Frykberg, Margareta Flock, Bengt Guss, Andrew S Waller, Jan-Ingmar Flock
The host-restricted pathogen Streptococcus equi causes strangles in the horse, which is characterised by abscessation of the lymph nodes of the head and neck. The disease is endemic throughout the world causing considerable welfare and economic cost to the horse industry. Here we report the results of three studies where ponies were vaccinated with combinations of recombinant fusion proteins to optimise vaccine production and the level of protection conferred. Optimal protection was conferred by a prototype multicomponent subunit vaccine, Strangvac 4, which contained eight proteins CNE, SclC, SclF, SclI, EAG (fused as CCE), SEQ_402, SEQ_0256 (fused as Eq85) and IdeE...
March 7, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395249/new-data-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-intimate-relationships-implications-for-gun-laws-and-federal-data-collection
#8
Susan B Sorenson, Devan Spear
Age at first marriage has risen substantially and birth rates are at a record low; people are spending more time in relationships that, by comparison, have fewer emotional, financial, and legal commitments. Little research has examined intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence in current and former adult (vs. adolescent) dating relationships. Such information is relevant to federal firearms policies that are based on the nature of an intimate relationship. We examined assaultive behaviors by the type and status of the relationship - current spouse, former spouse, current boyfriend or girlfriend, and former boyfriend or girlfriend - in 31,206 IPV incidents responded to by Philadelphia police in 2013...
February 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377359/decreased-clinical-severity-of-strangles-in-weanlings-associated-with-restricted-seroconversion-to-optimized-streptococcus-equi-ssp-equi-assays
#9
L Tscheschlok, M Venner, K Steward, R Böse, M Riihimäki, J Pringle
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus equi ssp. equi causes characteristic clinical signs that are most severe in young horses, including fever, purulent nasal discharge, and lymph node abscessation in the head region. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Clinical, serologic, and microbiologic factors related to unexpectedly mild disease severity in a natural outbreak of strangles in immunologically naïve weanlings were investigated. ANIMALS: One-hundred and twelve warmblood weanlings...
January 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341315/use-of-quantitative-real-time-pcr-to-determine-viability-of-streptococcus-equi-subspecies-equi-in-respiratory-secretions-from-horses-with-strangles
#10
N Pusterla, C M Leutenegger, S M Barnum, B A Byrne
BACKGROUND: In recent years, molecular approaches have been able to characterise the viability of equine upper respiratory tract pathogens using absolute molecular quantitation as well as detection of transcripts for virulence genes. OBJECTIVES: The objective this study was to investigate molecular surrogates for S. equi subspecies equi (S. equi) viability in biological samples from horses with strangles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251185/homicide-concealed-strangulation-after-bobbing-reins-in-sexually-sadistic-homicide
#11
M Chauhan, M Pradhan, C Behera, A Aggrawal, S Naagar, T D Dogra
This case of sexually motivated homicide combined the perpetrator's obliteration of his victim's identity along with his attempt at concealment of the corpse and sexual gratification following ligature strangulation of a young unidentified female from a minority Indian state. Sexual bondage was evident with characteristic body tying in a typical posture to fuel the killer's sexual arousal and gratification before, during and then after strangling his victim with a scarf. The victim's body was left in a sack packed with vegetables and transported from the crime site and found abandoned in a park...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198841/-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-isolates-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-equi-from-buenos-aires-province-argentina
#12
Carla P Bustos, María J Marfil, Natalia S Lanza, Nora Guida
Streptococcus equi subsp. equi is the etiologic agent of strangles, an infectious disease affecting the upper respiratory tract and head and neck lymph nodes of equines. Routine antimicrobial therapy includes penicillin (PEN) as antibiotic of first choice. Streptococci are usually susceptible to PEN and only a few antimicrobial studies had been performed. The aim of this work was to study the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of S. equi from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Ninety-two isolates were studied by the single disk method to PEN, cefotaxime, erythromycin (ERY), tetracycline, enrofloxacin (ENR), trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (TMS), ciprofloxacin, clindamycin (CLI), streptomycin (STR) and florfenicol...
November 30, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153725/differentiating-among-attempted-completed-and-multiple-nonfatal-strangulation-in-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Jill Theresa Messing, Michelle Patch, Janet Sullivan Wilson, Gabor D Kelen, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: Because identification of intimate partner violence (IPV) in health care settings is low and strangulation increases lethality risk among women experiencing IPV, we examined the prevalence and correlates of nonfatal strangulation among 1,008 women survivors of IPV. METHODS: Trained researchers conducted semistructured interviews with women survivors of IPV referred by police. Multinomial logistic regression examined differential correlates of attempted, completed, and multiple strangulation...
January 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150578/from-strangles-to-sore-throats-gene-identification-technique-could-help-horses-and-people
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075462/honey-bees-are-the-dominant-diurnal-pollinator-of-native-milkweed-in-a-large-urban-park
#15
James Scott MacIvor, Adriano N Roberto, Darwin S Sodhi, Thomas M Onuferko, Marc W Cadotte
In eastern North America, the field milkweed, Asclepias syriaca L. (Asclepiadaceae), is used in planting schemes to promote biodiversity conservation for numerous insects including the endangered monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus) (Nymphalidae). Less is known about its pollinators, and especially in urban habitats where it is planted often despite being under increasing pressure from invasive plant species, such as the related milkweed, the dog-strangling vine (DSV), Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopow) Barbar...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881337/surgical-management-of-a-de-garengeot-s-hernia-using-a-biologic-mesh-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Amandine Klipfel, Aïna Venkatasamy, Caroline Nicolai, Marie-Noëlle Roedlich, Francis Veillon, Cécile Brigand, Serge Rohr, Benoît Romain
INTRODUCTION: A De Garengeot hernia is a rare form of femoral hernia, where the appendix is found in the herniated sac. This feature is important to report, as both the diagnosis and the treatment are quite challenging in this particular condition. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 77-year-old female presenting with a femoral hernia, containing an incarcerated necrotic vermiform appendix (De Garengeot hernia). A laparoscopic appendectomy was performed and the herniated defect was repaired according to Rives technique, using a biological mesh...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749324/investigation-of-the-fim1-putative-pilus-locus-of-streptococcus-equi-subspecies-equi
#17
Karen Frances Steward, Carl Robinson, Duncan J Maskell, Chiara Nenci, Andrew Stephen Waller
The Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus equi subspecies equi (S. equi) is the causative agent of strangles, among the most frequently diagnosed infectious diseases of horses worldwide. Genome analysis of S. equi strain 4047 (Se4047) identified a putative operon, Fim1, with similarity to the pilus loci of other Gram-positive bacteria. The Fim1 locus was present in all strains of S. equi and its close relative S. equi subspecies zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) that have been studied to date. In this study we provide evidence that the putative structural pilus proteins, SEQ_0936 and CNE, are produced on the cell surface during in vitro growth and in vivo infection...
July 28, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721189/strangulated-gallbladder-caused-by-a-tip-of-the-omentum-attached-to-the-abdominal-wall-a-case-report
#18
Atsushi Kohga, Takuya Okumura, Kenji Suzuki, Kiyoshige Yajima, Kimihiro Yamashita, Jun Isogaki, Akihiro Kawabe, Taizo Kimura
Strangulation of the gallbladder associated with the omentum is extremely rare and, to our knowledge, only two cases have been previously reported. The patient was a 91-year-old female who presented to our emergency room with a chief complaint of upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography imaging revealed a gourd-shaped gallbladder with biphasic appearance divided clearly at the body. In the fundus side, the wall of the gallbladder was oedematous and thickened, while the neck side was intact. On the second day after onset, a laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701052/-they-accused-me-of-strangling-her-epilepsy-and-violence-debate-in-croatia-at-the-end-of-the-nineteenth-and-the-beginning-of-the-twentieth-centuries
#19
Martin Kuhar, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
Nineteenth-century psychiatry shifted its focus to the brain as the seat of mental disorders. With a new understanding of mental disorders arose the need to consult forensic psychiatrists in cases of criminal acts committed by persons with mental illness. This article focuses on three murders committed by 'epileptics' at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries in Croatia. An analysis of these cases will help to situate forensic psychiatry at the turn of the century within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and reveal the authority that forensic experts wielded in the courts...
December 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667907/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-to-struggle-with-the-strangle-oxygen-availability-in-fatty-livers
#20
Sarit Anavi, Zecharia Madar, Oren Tirosh
Nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver disease in Western countries. Oxygen is a central component of the cellular microenvironment, which participate in the regulation of cell survival, differentiation, functions and energy metabolism. Accordingly, sufficient oxygen supply is an important factor for tissue durability, mainly in highly metabolic tissues, such as the liver. Accumulating evidence from the past few decades provides strong support for the existence of interruptions in oxygen availability in fatty livers...
June 22, 2017: Redox Biology
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