keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ATG5 mitochondrial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649662/autophagy-attenuates-copper-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-by-regulating-oxidative-stress-in-chicken-hepatocytes
#1
Fan Yang, Jianzhao Liao, Ruonan Pei, Wenlan Yu, Qingyue Han, Ying Li, Jianying Guo, Lianmei Hu, Jiaqiang Pan, Zhaoxin Tang
Copper (Cu) is an essential trace element that is required for the catalysis of several cellular enzymes. Excessive Cu could induce hepatotoxicity in humans and multiple animals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of autophagy machinery on Cu-induced hepatotoxicity. Chicken hepatocytes were cultured in medium in the absence and presence of Cu sulfate (CuSO4 ) (0, 10, 50, and 100 μM) for 0, 6, 12, and 24 h, and in the combination of CuSO4 and N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) (1 mM), rapamycin (10 nM), and 3-methyladenine (3-MA) (5 mM) for 24 h...
March 29, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603067/secretome-of-differentiated-pc12-cells-restores-the-monocrotophos-induced-damages-in-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-shsy-5y-cells-role-of-autophagy-and-mitochondrial-dynamics
#2
A Srivastava, S Singh, C S Rajpurohit, P Srivastava, A Pandey, D Kumar, V K Khanna, A B Pant
A perturbed cellular homeostasis is a key factor associated with xenobiotic exposure resulting in various ailments. The local cellular microenvironment enriched with secretory components aids in cell-cell communication that restores this homeostasis. Deciphering the underlying mechanism behind this restorative potential of secretome could serve as a possible solution to many health hazards. We, therefore, explored the protective efficacy of the secretome of differentiated PC12 cells with emphasis on induction of autophagy and mitochondrial biogenesis...
March 30, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594326/dysregulation-of-autophagy-in-rat-liver-with-mitochondrial-dna-depletion-induced-by-the-nucleoside-analogue-zidovudine
#3
Ana Santos-Llamas, Maria J Monte, Jose J G Marin, Maria J Perez
The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor zidovudine (AZT), used in HIV infection treatment, induces mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion. A cause-effect relationship between mtDNA status alterations and autophagy has been reported. Both events are common in several liver diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Here, we have studied autophagy activation in rat liver with mtDNA depletion induced by AZT administration in drinking water for 35 days. AZT at a concentration of 1 mg/ml, but not 0.5 mg/ml in the drinking water, decreased mtDNA levels in rat liver and extrahepatic tissues...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574782/rab9-dependent-autophagy-is-required-for-the-igf-iir-triggering-mitophagy-to-eliminate-damaged-mitochondria
#4
Chih-Yang Huang, Wei-Wen Kuo, Tsung-Jung Ho, Shu-Fen Chiang, Pei-Ying Pai, Jing-Ying Lin, Ding-Yu Lin, Chia-Hua Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Mitochondria dysfunction is the major characteristic of mitophagy, which is essential in mitochondrial quality control. However, excessive mitophagy contributes to cell death in a number of diseases, including ischemic stroke and hepatotoxicity. Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) and its receptor (IGF-IIR) play vital roles in the development of heart failure during hypertension. We found that IGF-II triggers IGF-IIR receptor activation, causing mitochondria dysfunction, resulting in mitophagy, and cardiomyocyte cell death...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568944/pedf-regulates-lipid-metabolism-and-reduces-apoptosis-in-hypoxic-h9c2-cells-by-inducing-autophagy-related-5-mediated-autophagy-via-pedf-r
#5
Yiqian Zhang, Yufeng Li, Zhiwei Liu, Qixiang Zhao, Hao Zhang, Xiaoyu Wang, Peng Lu, Hongli Yu, Meng Wang, Hongyan Dong, Zhongming Zhang
Pigment epithelial-derived factor (PEDF) is a multifunctional secreted glycoprotein, which exerts a variety of physiological activities. PEDF may protect against hypoxia‑induced cell death associated with its antioxidative effects and p53 mitochondrial translocation in cultured cardiomyocytes and H9c2 cells. Additionally, previous studies have suggested that autophagy is an important cell survival mechanism. However, the effect of PEDF on autophagy and the associated pathway in hypoxic H9c2 cells has not been fully established...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540670/decreased-autophagy-induced-by-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-autoantibodies-contributes-to-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis
#6
Li Wang, Yang Li, Na Ning, Jin Wang, Zi Yan, Suli Zhang, Xiangying Jiao, Xiaohui Wang, Huirong Liu
It has been recognized that myocardial apoptosis is one major factor in the development of heart dysfunction and autophagy has been shown to influence the apoptosis. In previous studies, we reported that anti-β1 -adrenergic receptor autoantibodies (β1 -AABs) decreased myocardial autophagy, but the role of decreased autophagy in cardiomyocyte apoptosis remains unclear. In the present study, we used a β1 -AAB-immunized rat model to investigate the role of decreased autophagy in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We reported that the level of autophagic flux increased early and then decreased in an actively β1 -AAB-immunized rat model...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408999/hippocampal-mutant-app-and-amyloid-beta-induced-cognitive-decline-dendritic-spine-loss-defective-autophagy-mitophagy-and-mitochondrial-abnormalities-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Maria Manczak, Ramesh Kandimalla, Xiangling Yin, P Hemachandra Reddy
The purpose of our study was to determine the toxic effects of hippocampal mutant APP and amyloid beta (Aβ) in 12-month-old APP transgenic mice. Using rotarod and Morris Water Maze tests, immunoblotting & immunofluorescence, Golgi-cox staining and transmission electron microscopy, we assessed cognitive behavior, protein levels of synaptic, autophagy, mitophagy, mitochondrial dynamics, biogenesis, dendritic protein MAP2, and quantified dendritic spines and mitochondrial number and length in 12-month-old APP mice that express swedish mutation...
February 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355527/isovitexin-iv-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-liver-cancer-cells-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#8
Sheng-Xiang Lv, Xiao Qiao
Liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and novel chemotherapeutic drugs to suppress liver cancer are urgently required. Isovitexin (IV), a glycosylflavonoid, is extracted from rice hulls of Oryza sativa, and has various biological activities. However, the anti-tumor effect of IV against liver cancer has not yet been demonstrated in vitro or in vivo. In the present study, we showed that IV significantly suppressed the growth of liver cancer cells. Mechanistic studies indicated that IV induced apoptosis by the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as evidenced by the increase of Bax, cleaved Caspase-3, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and cytoplasm Cyto-c released from mitochondria...
February 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352609/induction-of-mitophagy-in-the-hei-oc1-auditory-cell-line-and-activation-of-the-atg12-lc3-pathway-in-the-organ-of-corti
#9
Cristian Setz, Anne-Sophie Benischke, Anna Catharina Pinho Ferreira Bento, Yves Brand, Soledad Levano, Franziska Paech, Katharina Leitmeyer, Daniel Bodmer
Autophagy is a highly evolutionary conserved quality control defense mechanism within cells, which has also been implicated in cell death processes. In the mammalian inner ear, autophagy has been shown to play a role during early morphogenesis as well as in adult cochlear hair cells exposed to ototoxic insults. Mitophagy, a selective autophagic cell process targeting mitochondria, hasn't been studied in the inner ear so far. On this work, we searched for molecular indicators of mitophagy within House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti-1 (HEI-OC1) cells as well as in the organ of Corti (OC)...
April 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352110/melatonin-inhibits-apoptotic-cell-death-induced-by-vibrio-vulnificus-vvha-via-melatonin-receptor-2-coupling-with-ncf-1
#10
Sei-Jung Lee, Hyun Jik Lee, Young Hyun Jung, Jun Sung Kim, Sang Ho Choi, Ho Jae Han
Melatonin, an endogenous hormone molecule, has a variety of biological functions, but a functional role of melatonin in the infection of Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio vulnificus has yet to be described. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of melatonin in the apoptosis of human intestinal epithelial (HCT116) cells induced by the hemolysin (VvhA) produced by V. vulnificus. Melatonin (1 μM) significantly inhibited apoptosis induced by the recombinant protein (r) VvhA, which had been inhibited by the knockdown of MT2 ...
January 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289836/brevilin-a-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-of-colon-adenocarcinoma-cell-ct26-via-mitochondrial-pathway-and-pi3k-akt-mtor-inactivation
#11
Pengtao You, Hezhen Wu, Meng Deng, Jingling Peng, Fangping Li, Yanfang Yang
Brevilin A is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Centipeda minima and possesses inhibitory effects on proliferation of various tumor cells. In this study, Brevilin A inhibitory effect on proliferation and its molecular mechanism of action were investigated both in vivo and in vitro in colon adenocarcinoma CT26 cells. The results indicated that the inhibitory effect of Brevilin A in CT26 proliferation was dose-dependent and this effect was due to apoptosis. Furthermore, Brevilin A increased ROS levels, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and induced apoptosis of CT26 cell in a dose-dependent manner...
February 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277324/sirtuin-3-induced-macrophage-autophagy-in-regulating-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation
#12
Penghao Liu, Gaojian Huang, Tong Wei, Jing Gao, Chenglin Huang, Mengwei Sun, Limin Zhu, Weili Shen
Defective autophagy of monocytes or macrophages might result in NLRP3 inflammasome activation and cause vascular metabolic inflammation. However, the mechanism underlying the initiation of the autophagy response to hyperlipidaemia remains unclear. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), an NAD-dependent deacetylase, is sensitive to the metabolic status and mediates adaptation responses. In this study, we investigated the role of SIRT3-mediated autophagy in regulating NLRP3 inflammasome activation. We determined that the inhibition of autophagy and the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome were concomitant with reduced SIRT3 levels both in peripheral blood monocytes from obese humans and in palmitate-treated THP-1 cells...
March 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229994/autophagy-induced-during-apoptosis-degrades-mitochondria-and-inhibits-type-i-interferon-secretion
#13
Lisa M Lindqvist, Daniel Frank, Kate McArthur, Toby A Dite, Michael Lazarou, Jonathan S Oakhill, Benjamin T Kile, David L Vaux
Cells undergoing Bax/Bak-mediated apoptosis exhibit signs of autophagy, but how it is activated and its significance is unknown. By directly activating Bax/Bak with BH3-only proteins or BH3 mimetic compounds, we demonstrate that mitochondrial damage correlated with a rapid increase in intracellular [AMP]/[ATP], phosphorylation of 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and activation of unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1). Consequently, autophagic flux was triggered early in the apoptotic pathway, as activation of the apoptosome and caspases were not necessary for its induction...
December 11, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222162/dual-inhibition-of-pik3c3-and-fgfr-as-a-new-therapeutic-approach-to-treat-bladder-cancer
#14
Chun-Han Chen, Chun A Changou, Tsung-Han Hsieh, Yu-Ching Lee, Cheng-Ying Chu, Kai-Cheng Hsu, Hao-Ching Wang, Yu-Chen Lin, Yan-Ni Lo, Yun-Ru Liu, Jing-Ping Liou, Yun Yen
Purpose: MPT0L145 has been developed as a FGFR inhibitor exhibiting significant anti-bladder cancer activity in vitro and in vivo via promoting autophagy-dependent cell death. Here, we aim to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Experimental Design: Autophagy flux, morphology, and intracellular organelles were evaluated by Western blotting, transmission electron microscope, and fluorescence microscope. Molecular docking and surface plasmon resonance assay were performed to identify drug-protein interaction...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203401/skeletal-muscle-from-aged-american-quarter-horses-shows-impairments-in-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-expression-of-autophagy-markers
#15
Chengcheng Li, Sarah H White, Lori K Warren, Stephanie E Wohlgemuth
Aging is associated with decreased mitochondrial content and function in skeletal muscle, possibly due to compromised biogenesis and autophagic removal of dysfunctional mitochondria. The aim of this study was to compare markers of mitochondrial content and biogenesis and of autophagy between skeletal muscle from young and aged American Quarter Horses. Citrate synthase protein and mtDNA copy number were decreased in triceps brachii (TB) muscle (P<0.05) from aged horses, suggesting an age-related decline in mitochondrial content...
February 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138276/metabolic-reprogramming-ensures-cancer-cell-survival-despite-oncogenic-signaling-blockade
#16
Hui-Wen Lue, Jennifer Podolak, Kevin Kolahi, Larry Cheng, Soumya Rao, Devin Garg, Chang-Hui Xue, Juha K Rantala, Jeffrey W Tyner, Kent L Thornburg, Ann Martinez-Acevedo, Jen-Jane Liu, Christopher L Amling, Charles Truillet, Sharon M Louie, Kimberly E Anderson, Michael J Evans, Valerie B O'Donnell, Daniel K Nomura, Justin M Drake, Anna Ritz, George V Thomas
There is limited knowledge about the metabolic reprogramming induced by cancer therapies and how this contributes to therapeutic resistance. Here we show that although inhibition of PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling markedly decreased glycolysis and restrained tumor growth, these signaling and metabolic restrictions triggered autophagy, which supplied the metabolites required for the maintenance of mitochondrial respiration and redox homeostasis. Specifically, we found that survival of cancer cells was critically dependent on phospholipase A2 (PLA2) to mobilize lysophospholipids and free fatty acids to sustain fatty acid oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation...
October 15, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128638/ulk1-regulated-autophagy-a-mechanism-in-cellular-protection-for-aldh2-against-hyperglycemia
#17
Min Liu, Songhe Lu, Wei He, Le Zhang, Ying Ma, Ping Lv, Meijuan Ma, Wenjun Yu, Jiaxing Wang, Mingming Zhang, Yingmei Zhang, Yan Li
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), an important enzyme in the elimination of toxic aldehydes, is involved in cardioprotection against diabetes mellitus. This study was designed to examine the mechanism behind ALDH2-offered protection against high glucose exposure with a focus on autophagy. H9C2 cells were cultured with normal or high glucose medium in the presence or absence of the ALDH2 agonist Alda-1. GFP-LC3 puncta and immunofluorescence were employed to assess autophagosome formation. Western blotting was applied to evaluate autophagy protein markers Atg5, LC3, p62, ULK1 phosphorylation and ALDH2...
February 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076973/blocking-liver-autophagy-accelerates-apoptosis-and-mitochondrial-injury-in-hepatocytes-and-reduces-time-to-mortality-in-a-murine-sepsis-model
#18
Takehiko Oami, Eizo Watanabe, Masahiko Hatano, Youichi Teratake, Lisa Fujimura, Akemi Sakamoto, Chizuru Ito, Kiyotaka Toshimori, Paul E Swanson, Shigeto Oda
Autophagy plays an important role in cell survival, sequestering and degrading a wide variety of substrates. Although an increase of autophagosomes in liver has been reported in sepsis patients as well as septic mice, the influence of autophagy on liver injury, the interaction between autophagy, and other types of cell death in sepsis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the contribution of liver autophagy to the pathophysiology of sepsis. We performed a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) on liver-specific autophagy-deficient (Alb-Cre/Atg5) mice (six to eight-week-old male)...
October 25, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076434/cjk-7-a-novel-flavonoid-from-paulownia-tomentosa-triggers-cell-death-cascades-in-hct-116-human-colon-carcinoma-cells-via-redox-signaling
#19
Mahendra Pal Singh, Ki Hun Park, Sun Chul Kang
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is the second most common cancer to cause death worldwide. About half of colon cancer patients require adjuvant therapy to control relapse following surgical resection. Therefore, abolition of tumor cell progression using an effective chemotherapeutic agent holds a feasible approach to treat patients suffering from colon cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of geranylated flavonoid CJK-7, isolated from Paulownia tomentosa on HCT-116 human colon carcinoma cells...
October 26, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056525/ketogenic-diet-attenuates-neuronal-injury-via-autophagy-and-mitochondrial-pathways-in-pentylenetetrazol-kindled-seizures
#20
Bao-Hui Wang, Qun Hou, Yu-Qiang Lu, Meng-Meng Jia, Tao Qiu, Xiao-Hang Wang, Zheng-Xiang Zhang, Yan Jiang
Autophagy alterations have been observed in a variety of neurological disorders, however, very few studies have focused on autophagy alterations in epilepsy. The ketogenic diet (KD) likely ameliorates neuronal loss in several seizure models. However, whether this neuroprotective function occurs via starvation-induced autophagy and its prevalence in chronic kindled seizures remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the role of autophagy following seizure under KD, and the potential mechanism involved...
January 1, 2018: Brain Research
keyword
keyword
86355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"