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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697762/cash-transfers-for-hiv-prevention-what-do-young-women-spend-it-on-mixed-methods-findings-from-hptn-068
#1
Catherine MacPhail, Nomhle Khoza, Amanda Selin, Aimée Julien, Rhian Twine, Ryan G Wagner, Xavier Goméz-Olivé, Kathy Kahn, Jing Wang, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: Social grants have been found to have an impact on health and wellbeing in multiple settings. Who receives the grant, however, has been the subject of discussion with regards to how the money is spent and who benefits from the grant. METHODS: Using survey data from 1214 young women who were in the intervention arm and completed at least one annual visit in the HPTN 068 trial, and qualitative interview data from a subset of 38 participants, we examined spending of a cash transfer provided to young women conditioned on school attendance...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679465/evaluation-of-australia
#2
Stephen J Bright, Cylie M Williams
The aim of the present case study was to evaluate the service-wide implementation of Australia's first older adult-specific early intervention called Older Wiser Lifestyles (OWL). OWL was designed to reduce alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm among people identified as being at risk. OWL used the Australian Alcohol-Related Problems Survey (A-ARPS) to classify people's drinking patterns as non-hazardous, hazardous or harmful. Participants of the present study were aged ≥60 years and consumed alcohol in the past month, although they did not require treatment for dependence...
July 6, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657881/first-do-no-harm-referring-primary-care-patients-with-depression-to-an-internet-support-group
#3
Brady C Goodwin, Daniel E Ford, Robert C Hsiung, Thomas K Houston, Joshua Fogel, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
BACKGROUND: Internet Support Groups (ISGs) offer people easy access to information regarding depression as well as support from others who are either currently suffering from depression or have previously suffered from depression. The safety and efficacy of ISGs for people with depression have not been thoroughly studied. INTRODUCTION: The safety and helpfulness of a depression ISG were assessed by analyzing pre- and postintervention depressive symptoms, other psychological outcomes, and participant ratings of helpfulness...
June 28, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633456/feeding-during-dialysis-risks-and-uncertainties
#4
Rajiv Agarwal, Panagiotis Georgianos
Allowing dialysis patients to eat during the treatment is controversial. It is, therefore, no surprise that practices and policies with respect to intradialytic food consumption vary considerably from unit to unit and from country to country. Those who defend the position of feeding during dialysis reason that intradialytic meals offer a supervised and effective therapy for protein-energy wasting. Those who take the opposite view argue that intradialytic food intake should be avoided for the following three reasons...
June 19, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628697/pediatric-migraine-prevention-first-do-no-harm
#5
Amy A Gelfand, William Qubty, Peter J Goadsby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576816/first-do-no-harm-changing-culture-surrounding-ceilings-of-treatment-in-end-of-life-care
#6
S McNeill, E Toner, S Caskey, A M Marley, S Guy, P Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493686/first-do-no-harm-the-need-to-explore-potential-adverse-health-implications-of-drinking-rainwater
#7
Abu Mohd Naser, Reynaldo Martorell, K M Venkat Narayan, Thomas F Clasen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435281/first-do-no-harm-institutional-betrayal-and-trust-in-health-care-organizations
#8
Carly Parnitzke Smith
PURPOSE: Patients' trust in health care is increasingly recognized as important to quality care, yet questions remain about what types of health care experiences erode trust. The current study assessed the prevalence and impact of institutional betrayal on patients' trust and engagement in health care. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants who had sought health care in the US in October 2013 were recruited from an online marketplace, Amazon's Mechanical Turk. Participants (n = 707; 73% Caucasian; 56...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398697/effects-of-targeting-lower-versus-higher-arterial-oxygen-saturations-on-death-or-disability-in-preterm-infants
#9
REVIEW
Lisa M Askie, Brian A Darlow, Peter G Davis, Neil Finer, Ben Stenson, Maximo Vento, Robin Whyte
BACKGROUND: The use of supplemental oxygen in the care of extremely preterm infants has been common practice since the 1940s. Despite this, there is little agreement regarding which oxygen saturation (SpO₂) ranges to target to maximise short- or long-term growth and development, while minimising harms. There are two opposing concerns. Lower oxygen levels (targeting SpO₂ at 90% or less) may impair neurodevelopment or result in death. Higher oxygen levels (targeting SpO₂ greater than 90%) may increase severe retinopathy of prematurity or chronic lung disease...
April 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383979/revenge-versus-rapport-interrogation-terrorism-and-torture
#10
Laurence Alison, Emily Alison
This review begins with the historical context of harsh interrogation methods that have been used repeatedly since the Second World War. This is despite the legal, ethical and moral sanctions against them and the lack of evidence for their efficacy. Revenge-motivated interrogations (Carlsmith & Sood, 2009) regularly occur in high conflict, high uncertainty situations and where there is dehumanization of the enemy. These methods are diametrically opposed to the humanization process required for adopting rapport-based methods-for which there is an increasing corpus of studies evidencing their efficacy...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363223/first-do-no-irreparable-harm-infarction-bleeding-and-subsequent-risk-of-death-the-dangers-of-false-equivalency
#11
Brian A Bergmark, Benjamin M Scirica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318458/first-do-no-harm-advocating-for-opioid-prescribing-guidelines-in-canadian-emergency-departments
#12
Kieran Moore, Julia Lew, Samantha Buttemer, Lauren Kielstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294982/cubozoan-sting-site-seawater-rinse-scraping-and-ice-can-increase-venom-load-upending-current-first-aid-recommendations
#13
Angel Anne Yanagihara, Christie L Wilcox
Cnidarian envenomations are the leading cause of severe and lethal human sting injuries from marine life. The total amount of venom discharged into sting-site tissues, sometimes referred to as "venom load", has been previously shown to correlate with tentacle contact length and sequelae severity. Since <1% of cnidae discharge upon initial tentacle contact, effective and safe removal of adherent tentacles is of paramount importance in the management of life-threatening cubozoan stings. We evaluated whether common rinse solutions or scraping increased venom load as measured in a direct functional assay of venom activity (hemolysis)...
March 15, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288272/interventions-to-improve-inhaler-technique-for-people-with-asthma
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca Normansell, Kayleigh M Kew, Alexander G Mathioudakis
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic disease worldwide. Inhalers are often prescribed to help control asthma symptoms, improve quality of life and reduce the risk of exacerbations or flare-ups. However, evidence suggests that many people with asthma do not use their inhaler correctly. It is therefore important to evaluate whether interventions aimed specifically at improving technique are effective and safe, and whether use of these interventions translates into improved clinical outcomes...
March 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274949/management-of-endocrine-disease-subclinical-thyrotoxicosis-prevalence-causes-and-choice-of-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Allan Carlé, Stine Linding Andersen, Kristien Boelaert, Peter Laurberg
Subclinical thyrotoxicosis is a condition affecting up to 10% of the population in some studies. We have reviewed literature and identified studies describing prevalences, causes and outcomes of this condition. Treatment should be considered in all subjects if this biochemical abnormality is persistent, especially in case of symptoms of thyrotoxicosis or in the presence of any complication. In particular, treatment should be offered in those subclinically thyrotoxic patients with a sustained serum TSH below 0...
June 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246316/first-do-no-harm
#16
Sarah Tulk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194188/primum-non-nocere-first-do-no-harm-and-then-feed-peanut
#17
Kyla Jade Hildebrand, Elissa Michele Abrams, Timothy K Vander Leek, Julia Elizabeth Mainwaring Upton, Douglas P Mack, Linda Kirste, Christine McCusker, Sandeep Kapur
The Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States-Report of the NIAID-Sponsored Expert Panel were developed to build on previous food allergy guidelines after several key studies demonstrated the benefit of early introduction of allergenic foods. These landmark studies including the Learning Early about Peanut (LEAP), LEAP-On and Enquiring about Tolerance trials created a paradigm shift in food allergy prevention. The "take home" messages of this guideline include that peanut should be introduced early in the first year of life, and for the majority of infants, peanut can be introduced at home...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188998/midwives-experiences-of-working-in-an-obstetric-high-dependency-unit-a-qualitative-study
#18
Isabelle J Eadie, Nicolette F Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: to understand the challenges experienced by midwives providing obstetric high dependency care and identify the training they perceive is needed for work in an obstetric high dependency unit. DESIGN: sixteen midwives who worked in the obstetric high dependency unit participated in one of three focus groups. Focus groups lasted 60-90minutes and were conducted in the workplace and facilitated by author (IE). Data were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed manually by author (IE), specifically using a 'codebook' model to generate codes, categories and themes...
April 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121543/to-first-do-no-harm-you-must-start-with-good-evidence
#19
(no author information available yet)
The intrepid young oncologist's criticism of cancer screening and surrogate endpoints has stirred up controversy. Prasad thinks that providers should offer medical therapies that do more good than harm. "I mean things that matter to people, which is living longer, living better."
October 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095818/when-parents-won-t-vaccinate-their-children-a-qualitative-investigation-of-australian-primary-care-providers-experiences
#20
Nina J Berry, Alexandra Henry, Margie Danchin, Lyndal J Trevena, Harold W Willaby, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, the experiences and perceptions of parents who decline vaccination are the subject of investigation. However, the experiences of clinicians who encounter these parents in the course of their work has received little academic attention to date. This study aimed to understand the challenges faced and strategies used when general practitioners and immunising nurses encounter parents who choose not to vaccinate their children. METHODS: Primary care providers were recruited from regions identified through the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR) as having higher than national average rates of registered objection to childhood vaccination...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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