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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448942/assessing-knowledge-of-symptoms-and-first-aid-care-of-epilepsy-in-grenada-west-indies
#1
Sean C Cofano, Disep Ojukwu, Natasha Mozumdar, Zainab Raza, Shipra Saigal, Shashank Musku, Safwan Zar, Michael Merolla, Tuula O Jalonen
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is increasingly prevalent in developing countries. It is critical to provide appropriate support to patients during seizures in order to prevent injuries. False beliefs regarding the etiology or pathogenesis of the epilepsy and inadequate health information may put patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders at increased risk of injury. Our objective was to assess the level of epilepsy awareness amongst the general population in Grenada and educate the participants regarding proper first-aid measures...
April 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444554/relationships-between-environmental-factors-and-participation-in-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-stroke-and-spinal-cord-injury-a-cross-sectional-multi-center-study
#2
Alex W K Wong, Sheryl Ng, Jessica Dashner, M Carolyn Baum, Joy Hammel, Susan Magasi, Jin-Shei Lai, Noelle E Carlozzi, David S Tulsky, Ana Miskovic, Arielle Goldsmith, Allen W Heinemann
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a model of environmental factors-participation relationships for persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, and spinal cord injury (SCI), and test whether this model differed across three diagnostic groups, as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study included 545 community-dwelling adults with neurological disorders (TBI = 166; stroke = 189; SCI = 190) recruited at three academic medical centers...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441636/psychological-features-and-quality-of-life-in-50-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-and-their-caregivers-from-the-lecco-epilepsy-center-italy
#3
Alessandra Petruzzi, Andrea Rigamonti, Claudia Yvonne Finocchiaro, Paolo Borelli, Elena Lamperti, Antonio Silvani, Rossana Regazzoni, Lorenzo Stanzani, Andrea Salmaggi
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. To the best of our knowledge, in Italy, the relationship between patients' and caregivers' psychological state has rarely been analyzed. Thus, we sought to evaluate both the psychological state of patients with epilepsy and that of their caregivers and the interrelationship between them. We also assessed the existing relation between psychological features and some clinical and demographic information, such as number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), epilepsy duration and education level of patients and their caregivers...
April 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439672/altered-intra-and-interregional-synchronization-in-the-absence-of-the-corpus-callosum-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#4
Long Zuo, Shuangkun Wang, Junliang Yuan, Hua Gu, Yang Zhou, Tao Jiang
Agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) can result in subtle to severe cognitive deficits. Individuals with impaired cognition often show abnormalities on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). This study used rs-fMRI to investigate changes in regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity (FC) among individuals with AgCC. AgCC individuals (n = 10) and age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy control subjects (n = 19) were included in this study. The ReHo values were calculated to represent spontaneous brain activity...
April 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439359/education-in-neurology-resident-documentation-using-payroll-simulation
#5
John W Liang, Vicki L Shanker
BACKGROUND: Approaches for teaching neurology documentation include didactic lectures, workshops, and face-to-face meetings. Few studies have assessed their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To improve the quality of neurology resident documentation through payroll simulation. METHODS: A documentation checklist was created based on Medicaid and Medicare evaluation and management (E/M) guidelines. In the preintervention phase, neurology follow-up clinic charts were reviewed over a 16-week period by evaluators blinded to the notes' authors...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435320/identification-prevalence-and-treatment-of-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-in-patients-from-a-rural-area-in-south-carolina
#6
Jimmy Pruitt, Carolina Moracho-Vilrriales, Tiffaney Threatt, Sarah Wagner, Jun Wu, E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) represents significant burdens to many patients and the public health-care system. Patients with diabetes in rural areas have higher risk of developing complications and having less access to proper treatment. We studied a rural population of patients with diabetes who attended a pharmacist-led free clinic for a diabetic education program. Our objectives were to 1) determine the prevalence of DPN and painful diabetic neuropathy (p-DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes; 2) assess the proportion of patients with DPN and p-DN left undocumented upon physician referral to a pharmacist-led free clinic; and 3) determine the appropriateness of pain medication regimen...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432757/headache-patients-satisfaction-with-telemedicine-a-12-month-follow-up-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#7
K I Müller, K B Alstadhaug, S I Bekkelund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated non-acute headache patients' long-term satisfaction with a telemedicine consultation and consultation preferences in northern Norway. We hypothesized that patients were not less satisfied with telemedicine than traditional consultations. We also examined the influence of gender, age and education on satisfaction. METHODS: For 2.5 years, patients were consecutively screened, recruited and randomly assigned to telemedicine or traditional visits with a consultation at a neurological outpatient department...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431030/using-multivariate-base-rates-to-interpret-low-scores-on-an-abbreviated-battery-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#8
Justin E Karr, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
Objective: Executive function consists of multiple cognitive processes that operate as an interactive system to produce volitional goal-oriented behavior, governed in large part by frontal microstructural and physiological networks. Identification of deficits in executive function in those with neurological or psychiatric conditions can be difficult because the normal variation in executive function test scores, in healthy adults when multiple tests are used, is largely unknown. This study addresses that gap in the literature by examining the prevalence of low scores on a brief battery of executive function tests...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430846/a-case-of-bariatric-surgery-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome-with-persisting-anterograde-amnesia
#9
Philip Gerard Gasquoine
Objective: To describe the theoretical and clinical implications of the neuropsychological evaluation of a case of bariatric surgery-related Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Method: The patient was a 37-year old, female, bilingual, bachelor's degree educated, Mexican American public relations consultant without preexisting psychiatric, neurological, or substance abuse history. Recovery from laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery for morbid obesity was complicated by intraabdominal abscess, multibacterial infection, and prolonged nausea and vomiting...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422821/how-the-cognitive-reserve-interacts-with-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-in-mitigating-fdg-metabolism-an-observational-study
#10
Elena Carapelle, Laura Serra, Sergio Modoni, Michele Falcone, Carlo Caltagirone, Marco Bozzali, Luigi Maria Specchio, Carlo Avolio
This observational study had the aim to assess the interaction between cognitive reserve (CR) and cerebrospinal fluid β-amyloid1-42 (Aβ1-42) in modulating brain [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) metabolism in patients with moderate Alzheimer disease (AD).Twenty-seven patients with probable AD and 25 neurological normal subjects (NNS) entered the study. All participants had an FDG-PET scan, and AD patients also received a lumbar puncture to measure Aβ1-42, 181p-tau, and Tau concentrations...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422624/occupational-therapy-s-role-in-cancer-survivorship-as-a-chronic-condition
#11
Mary Frances Baxter, Robin Newman, Sheila M Longpré, Katie M Polo
Improved medical care has resulted in a documented increase in cancer survivors in the United States. Cancer survivors face challenges in participation across all facets of life as a result of the cancer and subsequent cancer treatments. Long-term and late-term sequelae can result in impairments in neurological systems, decreased stamina, loss of range of motion, and changes in sensation and cognition. These impairments are often long lasting, which categorizes cancer survivorship as a chronic condition. This categorization presents treatment challenges, especially in creating rehabilitation and habilitation service options that support cancer survivors...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419177/interpreting-patterns-of-low-scores-on-the-nih-toolbox-cognition-battery
#12
James A Holdnack, David S Tulsky, Brian L Brooks, Jerry Slotkin, Richard Gershon, Allen W Heinemann, Grant L Iverson
Introduction: The National Institutes of Health Toolbox for Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function Cognition Battery is comprised of seven cognitive tests, including two tests measuring crystallized cognitive ability (i.e., vocabulary and reading) and five tests measuring fluid cognitive functioning (i.e., working memory, memory, speed of processing, and executive functioning). This study presents comprehensive base rate tables for the frequency of low scores in adults and older adults from the normative sample...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#13
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413441/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-ugandan-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Joan Wamulugwa, Angelina Kakooza, Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka, Joyce Nalugya, Mark Kaddumukasa, Shirley Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. METHODS: Using the disruptive behavior scale (45 items), we investigated the presence of ADHD symptoms among children attending Mulago Hospital...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409062/improved-availability-and-quality-of-care-with-epilepsy-nurse-practitioners
#15
Chloe E Hill, Bethany Thomas, Kimberly Sansalone, Kathryn A Davis, Judy A Shea, Brian Litt, Nabila Dahodwala
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the quality of care delivered by nurse practitioner (NP)-physician teams employed to expand clinic appointment availability for patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational cohort study of patients with epilepsy presenting to the Penn Epilepsy Center for a new patient appointment in 2014. During this time, patients were seen either by an NP-physician team care model or a more traditional physician-only care model...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407029/shiraz-verbal-learning-test-svlt-normative-data-for-neurologically-intact-speakers-of-persian
#16
Fahimeh Rahmani, Hassan Haghshenas, Abdolrasoul Mehrabanpour, Arash Mani, Mohammad Mahmoodi
Objective: Memory assessment plays an important role in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Several tests, such as the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT), have been developed for this purpose, yet a variety of different factors can affect one's performance on such tests, the most important of which are demographic and cultural variables. The present study examined the norming process performed on the CVLT-revised and aimed to devise a new test, the Shiraz Verbal Learning Test (SVLT), to better meet the needs of speakers of Persian...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396459/opinion-and-special-articles-loan-forgiveness-options-for-young-neurologists-current-landscape-and-practice-implications
#17
Benjamin P George, E Ray Dorsey, Justin A Grischkan
Increasing education debt has led to the availability of a variety of loan forgiveness options including the Department of Education's Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program. This article discusses the current landscape of loan forgiveness options including trends in PSLF for rising neurology trainees, and implications for choices in specialization, employment, practice location, and the pursuit of an academic career. We further provide guidance on how to navigate the various loan forgiveness options that neurology residents and fellows may consider...
April 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393345/-bracing-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#18
Yi-Fang Lo, Yu-Chu Huang
Scoliosis is a common medical problem, with an incidence of between 0.47% and 5.2% in the general population globally. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) accounts for nearly 80% of all scoliosis. Young people with AIS often experience negative social consequences in association with their condition. Without proper and timely treatment, the potential resulting disabilities range from trunk deformity, pain, and neurological complications to compromised cardiopulmonary function, all of which may cause lifelong suffering...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387438/the-cognitive-footprint-of-psychiatric-and-neurological-conditions-cross-sectional-study-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#19
B Cullen, D J Smith, I J Deary, J J Evans, J P Pell
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the prevalence of cognitive impairment in adults with a history of mood disorder, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease, within a large general population cohort. METHOD: Cross-sectional study using UK Biobank data (n = 502 642). Psychiatric and neurological exposure status was ascertained via self-reported diagnoses, hospital records and questionnaires. Impairment on reasoning, reaction time and memory tests was defined with reference to a single unexposed comparison group...
April 7, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384785/maternal-body-mass-index-in-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-epilepsy-in-offspring
#20
Neda Razaz, Kristina Tedroff, Eduardo Villamor, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: There is growing concern about the long-term neurologic effects of prenatal exposure to maternal overweight and obesity. The causes of epilepsy are poorly understood and, in more than 60% of the patients, no definitive cause can be determined. Objectives: To investigate the association between early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the risk of childhood epilepsy and examine associations between obesity-related pregnancy and neonatal complications and risks of childhood epilepsy...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Neurology
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