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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529463/nutrition-practices-and-knowledge-among-ncaa-division-iii-football-players
#1
Elizabeth Lea Abbey, Cynthia Joy Wright, Christina M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Participation in collegiate American football is physically demanding and may have long-term health implications, particularly in relation to cardiovascular and neurological health. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III (DIII) football players are a relatively unstudied population, particularly in terms of their dietary habits and knowledge. The aim of the present study was to descriptively evaluate the dietary intake of DIII football players including a subset of linemen and assess the nutritional knowledge and sources of information of these athletes...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527078/our-headache-fellowship-a-10-year-history
#2
Paul Rizzoli
There has been a clear trend in American medical education after World War II toward training specialization and subspecialization. After some early specialization efforts by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, further efforts were undertaken by the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS), leading to the introduction of the neurologic subspecialty of Headache Medicine in March, 2005. The training program at our center at the Brigham and Women's Hospital Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, in Boston, Massachusetts, was accredited in 2008 and has graduated 14 trainees since its inception...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524788/state-of-global-pediatric-neurosurgery-outreach-survey-by-the-international-education-subcommittee
#3
Matthew C Davis, Brandon G Rocque, Ash Singhal, Thomas Ridder, Jogi V Pattisapu, James M Johnston
OBJECTIVE Neurosurgical services are increasingly recognized as essential components of surgical care worldwide. The degree of interest among neurosurgeons regarding international work, and the barriers to involvement in global neurosurgical outreach, are largely unexplored. The authors distributed a survey to members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (AANS/CNS) Joint Section on Pediatric Neurosurgery to assess the state of global outreach among its members and to identify barriers to involvement...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514888/seeing-is-believing-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-a-complex-intervention-to-improve-care-towards-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-interview-study
#4
Katherine Bristowe, Irene Carey, Adrian Hopper, Susanna Shouls, Wendy Prentice, Irene J Higginson, Jonathan Koffman
BACKGROUND: Methods to improve care, trust and communication are important in acute hospitals. Complex interventions aimed at improving care of patients approaching the end of life are increasingly common. While evaluating outcomes of complex interventions is essential, exploring healthcare professionals' perceptions is also required to understand how they are interpreted; this can inform training, education and implementation strategies to ensure fidelity and consistency in use. AIM: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of using a complex intervention (AMBER care bundle) to improve care for people approaching the end of life and their understandings of its purpose within clinical practice...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514779/low-back-pain-in-pregnancy-investigations-management-and-role-of-neuraxial-analgesia-and-anaesthesia-a-systematic-review
#5
Herman Sehmbi, Rohan D'Souza, Anuj Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is commonly experienced during pregnancy and is often poorly managed. There is much ambiguity in diagnostic work-up, appropriate management and decision-making regarding the use of neuraxial analgesia and anaesthesia during labour and delivery in these patients. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding investigations, management strategies and considerations around performing neuraxial blocks for pregnant women with LBP. METHODS: We searched 3 databases and reviewed literature concerning LBP in pregnancy with regards to diagnostic modalities, management strategies and use of neuraxial techniques for facilitating labour and delivery...
May 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511576/performance-of-a-brazilian-sample-on-the-portuguese-translation-of-the-bni-screen-for-higher-cerebral-functions
#6
George P Prigatano, Lígia M N Souza, Lucia W Braga
INTRODUCTION: The Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) Screen for Higher Cerebral Functions (BNIS) has been translated into several languages and found useful in evaluating multiple domains of cognitive and affective dysfunction, particularly in neuro-rehabilitation settings. Normative data from countries with high literacy rates have reported strikingly similar mean level of performance scores on this test, with age typically correlating higher with total score performance than education...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505243/association-of-dual-task-gait-with-incident-dementia-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-gait-and-brain-study
#7
Manuel M Montero-Odasso, Yanina Sarquis-Adamson, Mark Speechley, Michael J Borrie, Vladimir C Hachinski, Jennie Wells, Patricia M Riccio, Marcelo Schapira, Ervin Sejdic, Richard M Camicioli, Robert Bartha, William E McIlroy, Susan Muir-Hunter
Importance: Gait performance is affected by neurodegeneration in aging and has the potential to be used as a clinical marker for progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia. A dual-task gait test evaluating the cognitive-motor interface may predict dementia progression in older adults with MCI. Objective: To determine whether a dual-task gait test is associated with incident dementia in MCI. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Gait and Brain Study is an ongoing prospective cohort study of community-dwelling older adults that enrolled 112 older adults with MCI...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497256/-pharmacotherapy-of-parkinson-s-disease-aspects-of-drug-safety
#8
REVIEW
S Müller-Rebstein, C Trenkwalder, W H Oertel, C Culmsee, G Eckermann, G U Höglinger
BACKGROUND: This overview focuses on the aspects of the pharmacotherapy of Parkinson's disease, which is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system. This article presents the complexity of the pharmacotherapy of geriatric patients with neurological diseases. OBJECTIVES: Information about the potential risk factors and aspects of drug safety in the pharmacotherapy of Parkinson's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selective literature search using PubMed and the scientific-clinical experience of the authors...
May 11, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492454/use-of-lithium-in-severe-acute-manic-episodes-retrospective-prescription-practice-from-a-tertiary-inpatient-unit
#9
Armağan Özdemir, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burç Ç Poyraz, Nazife G Usta Sağlam, Semra Enginkaya, Nesrin Tomruk
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective chart review was performed to investigate the common preferences of clinicians for the pharmacological treatment of acute manic episodes, with particular regard to lithium use, and to assess the adherence of clinical practice to established guidelines. METHODS: Cases of manic episodes in patients admitted to Bakirköy Mazhar Osman Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Length of stay, medication data, serum levels, and adverse effects were evaluated for patients who received lithium therapy (N=98)...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489419/when-is-a-novel-psychometric-measure-needed-a-preliminary-analysis-regarding-the-cognitive-assessment-for-stroke-patients-casp-battery-compared-with-mmse-and-moca
#10
Davide Crivelli, Maria Teresa Angelillo, Elisabetta Grippa, Antonia Colucci, Roberto Nardulli, Michela Balconi
The need for quick tools to sketch an early but accurate cognitive profile of patients who suffered brain damage or head trauma is of primary importance. Nonetheless, in the Italian context, the most-diffused screening tools are still those originally devised to diagnose dementia. The present pilot study then aimed at investigating the potential and feasibility of a novel screening battery, the Cognitive Assessment for Stroke Patients (CASP), in a sample of Italian patients by comparing it to Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) tests...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489413/two-year-outcomes-of-poststroke-writing-and-reading-disorders
#11
Sanela Zukic, Osman Sinanovic, Lejla Zonic
Poststroke language disorders are frequent and include aphasia, alexia, agraphia, and acalculia. These disorders refer to an acquired inability to read, write and calculate. In this study, we evaluated the two year outcomes of writing and reading disorders in poststroke patients, the natural course, recovery and mortality. We evaluated all the patients with stroke who were admitted to the Department of Neurology, University Clinical Centre Tuzla in period of six months, who developed poststroke alexia, agraphia, acalculia, or different combinations of these language disorders...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488681/practices-and-views-of-neurologists-regarding-the-use-of-whole-genome-sequencing-in-clinical-settings-a-web-based-survey
#12
Iris Jaitovich Groisman, Thierry Hurlimann, Amir Shoham, Béatrice Godard
The use of Whole-Genome Sequencing (WGS) in clinical settings has brought up a number of controversial scientific and ethical issues. The application of WGS is of particular relevance in neurology, as many conditions are difficult to diagnose. We conducted a worldwide, web-based survey to explore neurologists' views on the benefits of, and concerns regarding, the clinical use of WGS, as well as the resources necessary to implement it. Almost half of the 204 neurologists in the study treated mostly adult patients (48%), while the rest mainly children (37...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488294/medical-undergraduate-survey-on-headache-education-in-singapore-knowledge-perceptions-and-assessment-of-unmet-needs
#13
Jonathan Jia Yuan Ong, Yee Cheun Chan
BACKGROUND: There have been no prior studies assessing the status of undergraduate headache training and education in Singapore. Unmet needs of undergraduate medical students in terms of knowledge-practice gaps pertaining to diagnosis and management of headache disorders are unknown. The possible underemphasis of this aspect of the curriculum as compared to other chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus has also not been ascertained. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the knowledge base and perceptions, thereby identifying the unmet needs of headache disorder education in undergraduate medical students...
May 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487795/sequence-and-timing-of-intracranial-changes-in-cytomegalovirus-in-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Cynthia O'Sullivan, Shankari Arulkumaran, Lorin Lakasing, Eric Jauniaux, Karl Murphy
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common cause of intrauterine infection, occurring in up to 2% of all live births. Most women are asymptomatic or experience nonspecific symptoms, which can lead to long-term sequelae in newborns including neurological impairment, hearing loss, and mental retardation. A 41-year-old woman (G6 P2), with a medical history of epilepsy, presented for her routine anomaly scan at 20 + 4/40. A single finding of echogenic bowel was noted on ultrasound which prompted a full investigation...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486267/evaluation-of-patients-with-febrile-seizure-risk-factors-reccurence-treatment-and-prognosis
#15
Rahime Renda, Deniz Yüksel, Y K Yavuz Gürer
INTRODUCTION: Febrile convulsion (FC) is the most common neurological disorder in childhood. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for recurrence and the development of epilepsy from the demographic data of these patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was made of 680 patients with FC who presented to our hospital. Patients with only FC were defined as group 1 and those who developed epilepsy after FC as group 2. Comparisons were made between the 2 groups of the demographic parameters, parental consanguinity, familial history of FCs or epilepsy, criteria for starting prophylactic treatment, response to treatment, risk factors for recurrence, and results of electroencephalogram...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484867/regional-brain-volume-reduction-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-preterm-children-at-low-risk-at-9%C3%A2-years-of-age
#16
Ebru Arhan, Kıvılcım Gücüyener, Şebnem Soysal, Şafak Şalvarlı, M Ali Gürses, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Ercan Demir, Ebru Ergenekon, Canan Türkyılmaz, Esra Önal, Esin Koç, Yıldız Atalay
OBJECTIVE: More information is needed on "low-risk" preterm infants' neurological outcome so that they can be included in follow-up programs. A prospective study was performed to examine the regional brain volume changes compared to term children and to assess the relationship between the regional brain volumes to cognitive outcome of the low-risk preterm children at 9 years of age. PATIENTS: Subjects comprised 22 preterm children who were determined to be at low risk for neurodevelopmental deficits with a gestational age between 28 and 33 weeks without a major neonatal morbidity in the neonatal period and 24 age-matched term control children term and matched for age, sex, and parental educational and occupational status...
May 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#17
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474775/subcortical-hyperintensities-in-the-cholinergic-system-are-associated-with-improvements-in-executive-function-in-older-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-cardiac-rehabilitation
#18
Calvin Santiago, Nathan Herrmann, Walter Swardfager, Mahwesh Saleem, Paul I Oh, Sandra E Black, Janelle Bradley, Krista L Lanctôt
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is frequently accompanied by white matter hyperintensities and executive dysfunction. Because acetylcholine is important in executive function, these symptoms may be exacerbated by subcortical hyperintensities (SH) located in cholinergic (CH) tracts. This study investigated the effects of SH on cognitive changes in CAD patients undergoing a 48-week cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: Fifty patients (age 66.5 ± 7.1 years, 84% male) underwent the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - Canadian Stroke Network neurocognitive battery at baseline and 48 weeks...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472563/educating-the-handicraft-factory-workers-about-tobacco-cessation-and-to-assess-its-effectiveness-by-motivational-interviewing-an-intervention-study
#19
Rajeev Mahajan, Jitender Solanki, Raghvendra S Kurdekar, Sarika Gupta, Ashish Modh, OmPrakash Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is considered to be global pandemic. The study was done to assess the effectiveness of smoking cessation intervention among workers by motivational interviewing among handicraft factories, Jodhpur, Rajasthan. METHODOLOGY: An interventional study was carried out among 400 handicraft factory workers on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterion. Twenty one handicraft factories were taken into consideration. Training, Standardization and Calibration of Examiners was carried out in the public health department...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471816/organ-support-after-death-by-neurologic-criteria-in-pediatric-patients
#20
Ariane Lewis, Nellie Adams, Arun Chopra, Matthew P Kirschen
OBJECTIVES: We sought to 1) evaluate how pediatricians approach situations in which families request continuation of organ support after declaration of death by neurologic criteria and 2) explore potential interventions to make these situations less challenging. DESIGN: A survey on management and personal experience with death by neurologic criteria was distributed electronically to pediatric intensivists and neurologists. We compared responses from individuals who practice in states with accommodation exceptions (accommodation states where religious or moral beliefs must be taken into consideration when declaring death: California, Illinois, New Jersey, New York) to those from non-accommodation states...
April 29, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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