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Ileal pouch anal anastomosis

Rachel E Andrew, Evangelos Messaris
Acute severe ulcerative colitis (UC) is a highly morbid condition that requires both medical and surgical management through the collaboration of gastroenterologists and colorectal surgeons. First line treatment for patients presenting with acute severe UC consists of intravenous steroids, but those who do not respond require escalation of therapy or emergent colectomy. The mortality of emergent colectomy has declined significantly in recent decades, but due to the morbidity of this procedure, second line agents such as cyclosporine and infliximab have been used as salvage therapy in an attempt to avoid emergent surgery...
September 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
E Zittan, Grace W Ma, N Wong-Chong, R Milgrom, R S McLeod, M Silverberg, Z Cohen
BACKGROUND: We aimed to summarize the outcomes of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients receiving an ileal pouch-anal anastamosis (IPAA) over an 11-year period at a high-volume Canadian inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for subjects with UC who underwent IPAA between 2002 and 2013. Patient charts were reviewed for demographic data, clinical characteristics, preoperative medical treatment, and surgical outcomes...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Dieter Hahnloser, John Pemberton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Gentilini Lorenzo, Coscia Maurizio, Lombardi Pietro Maria, Marta Tanzanu, Laureti Silvio, Podda Mariangela, Poggioli Gilberto
PURPOSE: Short-term results after ileo-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) are well established; data are conflicting in long-standing patients. We retrospectively evaluated long-term complications and functional results after follow-up longer than 20 years. METHODS: Two hundred five patients with follow-up longer than 20 years have been identified out of 1112 IPAA performed in our institution; of these, 20 cases were lost at follow-up or decline to take part at the study...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Keisuke Hata, Soichiro Ishihara, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Junko Kishikawa, Hiroyuki Anzai, Toshiaki Watanabe
Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis has been the surgical treatment of choice for patients with ulcerative colitis who require surgery. The quality of life after this procedure is satisfactory in most cases; however, pouchitis is a troublesome condition involving inflammation of the ileal pouch. When a patient presents with symptoms of pouchitis, such as increased bowel movements, mucous and/or bloody exudates, abdominal cramps, and fever, endoscopy is essential for a precise diagnosis...
September 28, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Ganglei Liu, Xianrui Wu, Yi Li, Yuanyi Rui, Luca Stocchi, Feza H Remzi, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: There are no published studies on the impact of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) change on outcomes of restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The aim of this historic cohort study was to evaluate the impact of excessive VAT gain on the outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with IPAA. METHODS: We evaluated all eligible patients with at least two sequential CT scans after pouch construction from our prospectively maintained Pouchitis Registry between 2002 and 2014...
September 25, 2016: Gastroenterology Report
Norimitsu Shimada, Hiroki Ohge, Raita Yano, Naoki Murao, Norifumi Shigemoto, Shinnosuke Uegami, Yusuke Watadani, Kenichiro Uemura, Yoshiaki Murakami, Taijiro Sueda
AIM: To evaluate the utility of hand-assisted laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy (HALS-RP) compared with the conventional open procedure (OPEN-RP). METHODS: Fifty-one patients who underwent restorative total proctocolectomy with rectal mucosectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis between January 2008 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-three patients in the HALS-RP group and twenty-four patients in the OPEN-RP group were compared. Four patients who had purely laparoscopic surgery were excluded...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Luigi Sofo, Paola Caprino, Franco Sacchetti, Maurizio Bossola
Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (RP-IPAA) is the gold standard surgical treatment for ulcerative colitis. However, despite the widespread use of RP-IPAA, many aspects of this treatment still remain controversial, such as the approach (open or laparoscopic), number of stages in the surgery, type of pouch, and construction type (hand-sewn or stapled ileal pouch-anal anastomosis). The present narrative review aims to discuss current evidence on the short-, mid-, and long-term results of each of these technical alternatives as well as their benefits and disadvantages...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Bo Shen
Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis has become the standard surgical treatment modality for patients with ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis who require colectomy. Normally staged pouch surgery is performed. Endoscopy plays an important role in postoperative monitoring of disease status and delivery of therapy, if necessary. Therefore, ileal pouch surgery significantly alters bowel anatomy, with new organ structures being created. Endoscopy of the altered bowel includes the evaluation of end ileostomy, Hartmann pouch or diverted rectum, loop ileostomy, diverted pouch, and pouchoscopy...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Nicholas Horton, Xianrui Wu, Jessica Philpott, Ari Garber, Jean-Paul Achkar, Aaron Brzezinski, Bret A Lashner, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are considered immune-mediated disorders with dysregulated innate and adaptive immunities. Secondary immunogloblin deficiency can occur in IBD and its impact on the disease course of IBD is not clear. AIMS: We sought to determine associations between low IgG/G1 levels and poor clinical outcomes in IBD patients. METHODS: This historic cohort study was performed on IBD patients with obtained IgG/IgG1 levels...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Eran Zittan, Raquel Milgrom, Grace W Ma, Nathalie Wong-Chong, Brenda OʼConnor, Robin S McLeod, Helen M MacRae, Gordon R Greenberg, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Kenneth Croitoru, A Hillary Steinhart, Zane Cohen, Mark S Silverberg
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data regarding the effect of previous exposure to anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy on complication rates after pelvic pouch surgery for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). In particular, there is concern surrounding the rates of pouch leaks and infectious complications, including pelvic abscesses, in anti-TNF-treated subjects who require ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in UC subjects who underwent IPAA between 2002 and 2013...
October 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Keiichi Uchida, Yoshiki Okita, Toshimitsu Araki, Masato Kusunoki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Takeshi Shin, Hiroshi Okada
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) predominantly affects young adults. Fertility-related issues are therefore important in the management of patients with IBD. However, relatively modest attention has been paid to reproductive issues faced by men with IBD. To investigate the effects of IBD and its treatment on male fertility, we reviewed the current literature using a systematic search for published studies. A PubMed search were performed using the main search terms "IBD AND male infertility", "Crohn's disease AND male infertility", "ulcerative colitis AND male infertility"...
August 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Rajmohan Dharmaraj, Mahua Dasgupta, Pippa Simpson, Joshua Noe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
K M Schieffer, E D Williams, G S Yochum, W A Koltun
BACKGROUND: A total proctocolectomy followed by ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is a potentially curative surgery for ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis. About 5-35% of patients with ulcerative colitis and 0-11% of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis develop subsequent inflammation of the ileal pouch termed pouchitis. AIM: To provide a comprehensive analysis of the research studying the possible pathogenesis of pouchitis. The goals were to identify promising areas of investigation, to help focus clinicians, researchers and patients on how to better understand and then potentially manage ileal pouchitis, and to provide avenues for future research investigations...
October 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Tamar Nobel, Sergey Khaitov, Alexander J Greenstein
The accepted current standard for treatment of medically refractory ulcerative colitis is total proctocolectomy with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for restoration of continence. There are 2 techniques by which the anastomosis can be performed, including handsewn and stapled. Handsewn anastomosis with mucosectomy was the first method described; however, it has been associated with significant incontinence. The double-stapled anastomosis was developed in response to improve postoperative function. Controversy remains as to which technique is superior as both have disadvantages...
September 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Michael Kongnyuy, Thomas Frye, Arvin K George, Amichai Kilchevsky, Amogh Iyer, Meet Kadakia, Akhil Muthigi, Baris Turkbey, Bradford J Wood, Peter A Pinto
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/676930.].
2016: Case Reports in Urology
Rodolfo J Oviedo, Bruce M Dixon, Chase W Sofiak
INTRODUCTION: Rectal bleeding is the most common symptom of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). This case investigates the efficacy of emergency surgery for FAP with total proctocolectomy end ileostomy for recurrent lower gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage in an uninsured patient in a 266-bed community hospital. The optimal treatment for FAP with acute lower GI hemorrhage and hemodynamic compromise unresponsive to conservative management is unclear. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 41-year-old uninsured African American man with no past medical or family history presented to the emergency department with hematochezia lasting three days...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Marie Louise Sunde, Tom Øresland, Arne Engebreth Faerden
AIM: The object of this study was to compare function and quality of life after restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) surgery with two different pouch designs. METHOD: Patients having RPC in an academic unit from 2000 who had had the loop-ileostomy closed by June 2013 were identified from the hospital medical records. They were sent a questionnaire regarding quality of life and interviewed using a pouch function score (PFS) described by Oresland (score: 0-16, higher scores denote worse function)...
August 6, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Francesco Tonelli, Francesco Giudici, Carmela Di Martino, Stefano Scaringi, Ferdinando Ficari, Rami Addasi
BACKGROUND: No previous study describes the postoperative outcome and functional results after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), performed in ulcerative colitis by the same surgical team with the different anastomotic techniques adopted in a 27-year period. METHODS: Prospectively, consecutive 333 ulcerative colitis patients operated adopting different IPAA techniques during the open surgery period 1984-2011 were enrolled. IPAA was performed using single stapling (SS) technique in 38 patients, double stapling (DS) technique in 235 patients (TIA stapler 42 patients, Endo-GIA 131 patients, Contour 62 patients) and handsewn IPAA in 60 patients...
October 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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