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Juvenile delinquency and substance use

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776683/social-ecological-determinants-of-substance-use-treatment-entry-among-serious-juvenile-offenders-from-adolescence-through-emerging-adulthood
#1
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Eric F Wagner, Gabriel J Merrin
PURPOSE: To examine the social-ecological determinants of substance use treatment entry among serious juvenile offenders over a 7 year period. Using the social-ecological framework, relevant predictors of substance use from the literature were used to assess risk (and protective) factors at the individual, parental, peer and neighborhood level. METHOD: Serious juvenile offenders (N=1354, Mage baseline=16.0 years, SD=1.14) were prospectively followed over 7 years (Mage Conclusion=23...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745723/-psychological-processes-of-stress-management-and-neuroendocrine-regulation-in-incarcerated-adolescent-offenders-a-pilot-study
#2
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688799/the-associations-of-cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-irritability-with-mental-disorders-in-detained-male-adolescent-offenders
#3
Hannes Bielas, Steffen Barra, Christine Skrivanek, Marcel Aebi, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Cornelia Bessler, Belinda Plattner
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and psychiatric disorders are common in juvenile detainees. Emotional dysregulation resulting from cumulated ACEs may be characterized by symptoms of irritability. The present study examined whether the accumulation of ACEs, irritability, or both predicted mental disorders in incarcerated adolescents with and without controlling for one another and for socio-demographic factors. METHODS: One hundred thirty male detained juvenile offenders (aged 13...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107822/psychopathic-traits-and-maltreatment-relations-with-aggression-and-mental-health-problems-in-detained-boys
#4
Pauline Vahl, Olivier F Colins, Henny P B Lodewijks, Ramon Lindauer, Monica T Markus, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R Vermeiren
Psychopathic traits and a history of maltreatment are well-known risk factors for mental health problems and aggression. A better insight in the impact of such risk factors on juvenile delinquents is likely to help tailoring treatment. Therefore, this study aimed to examine mental health problems and aggression in detained delinquent youths with various levels of psychopathic traits and maltreatment. Standardized questionnaires were used to assign 439 detained male adolescents (N = 439; from 13 to 18years of age) to one of six mutually exclusive groups: adolescents with (1) low psychopathic traits without maltreatment; (2) low psychopathic traits and one type of maltreatment; (3) low psychopathic traits and multiple types of maltreatment; (4) high psychopathic traits without maltreatment; (5) high psychopathic traits and one type of maltreatment and finally (6) high psychopathic traits and multiple types of maltreatment...
May 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997851/polysubstance-use-among-minority-adolescent-males-incarcerated-for-serious-offenses
#5
Sarah Jensen Racz, Shonali Saha, Maria Trent, Hoover Adger, Catherine P Bradshaw, Asha Goldweber, Elizabeth Cauffman
BACKGROUND: Adolescent juvenile offenders are at high risk for problems associated with drug use, including polysubstance use (i.e., use of a variety of drugs). The combination of juvenile offending and polysubstance use presents a significant public and child health concern. OBJECTIVE: This study explored polysubstance use among a sample of youth incarcerated for serious offenses. We examined several risk factors for substance use and delinquency (i.e., early and frequent substance use, prior history of arrests, school expulsion, Black ethnicity), as well as the association between aggression and polysubstance use...
April 16, 2015: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834795/comparison-of-family-power-structure-and-identity-style-between-delinquent-and-non-delinquent-juveniles
#6
Anahita Khodabakhshi Koolaee, Masoumeh Rahmatizadeh, Hossein Shaghelanilor, Lesley Pocock
BACKGROUND: Adolescence denotes a time in which youth begins to experience dangerous behaviors like substance use and delinquency. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the family power structure and identity style in delinquent and non-delinquent juveniles residing in Tehran, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To accomplish the goal of the study, 80 adolescent delinquents of the correction and rehabilitation centers aged between 15 and 18 years were selected with convenience sampling method and 80 students of secondary school age between 15 and 18 years in Tehran, Iran in 2012...
December 2015: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26594920/responding-to-the-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-needs-of-youth-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-ohio-s-behavioral-health-juvenile-justice-initiative
#7
Jeff M Kretschmar, Fredrick Butcher, Patrick J Kanary, Rebecca Devens
Discusses how Ohio's responded to the mental health and substance abuse needs of youth in the juvenile justice system by establishing the Ohio's Behavioral Health/Juvenile Justice Initiative. The consequences of a willful neglect of some of our most vulnerable citizens were significant and severe. Many individuals ended up on the streets, and many more found themselves in local jails. Over time, jails became de facto mental health facilities. Unfortunately, jails were, and often continue to be, ill-prepared to effectively screen, assess, and treat individuals with mental health concerns...
November 2015: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413463/caregiver-involvement-in-sexual-risk-reduction-with-substance-using-juvenile-delinquents-overview-and-preliminary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-trial
#8
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Michael R McCart, Kammarauche Asuzu, Pia M Mauro, Ashli J Sheidow
BACKGROUND: Substance using juvenile offenders have some of the highest rates for engaging in risky sexual behaviors compared to other adolescent subgroups. METHODS: An overview of the literature on sexual risk behaviors among these youth is provided, including the empirical support for including caregivers/parents as critical partners in sexual risk reduction efforts with this population. In particular, there is (a) evidence that family factors contribute to adolescent sexual risk, (b) emerging support for caregiver focused interventions that target adolescent sexual risk, and (c) established support for caregiver focused interventions that target other complex adolescent behavior problems...
2013: Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084593/aggressive-behaviors-in-young-siblings-associations-with-executive-functions-and-maternal-characteristics
#9
Catherine A Spann, Jeffrey R Gagne
Aggressive behaviors in early childhood are associated with multiple undesirable outcomes, including juvenile delinquency, academic failure, and substance abuse. This investigation employed a family study design to examine child, mother and sibling predictors of early-emerging aggressive behaviors. These predictors included several indices of executive functioning within children, depression symptoms and education level of mothers, and inhibitory control (IC) of siblings. The sample consisted of 95 families (191 children; boys = 100) with at least two, typically developing children between 30 and 66 months of age (M(age) = 45...
April 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25977595/staff-perspectives-on-juvenile-drug-court-operations-a-multi-site-qualitative-study
#10
Amy A Mericle, Steven Belenko, David Festinger, Jaymes Fairfax-Columbo, Michael R McCart
Substance use is pervasive among youth, particularly among those involved in the juvenile justice system. Juvenile drug courts (JDCs) are a promising approach for delinquent youth with substance abuse issues. However, research regarding JDCs has shown inconsistent effects, and little is known about the specific components associated with positive outcomes. The current study examines data from interviews of JDC judges and team member focus groups in six JDCs from two contiguous southeastern states to identify stakeholders' perceptions about what places youth at risk for involvement in JDC and the factors that may contribute to successful outcomes...
September 2014: Criminal Justice Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25973804/behavioral-health-care-needs-detention-based-care-and-criminal-recidivism-at-community-reentry-from-juvenile-detention-a-multisite-survival-curve-analysis
#11
Matthew C Aalsma, Laura M White, Katherine S L Lau, Anthony Perkins, Patrick Monahan, Thomas Grisso
OBJECTIVES: We examined the provision of behavioral health services to youths detained in Indiana between 2008 and 2012 and the impact of services on recidivism. METHOD: We obtained information about behavioral health needs, behavioral health treatment received, and recidivism within 12 months after release for 8363 adolescents (aged 12-18 years; 79.4% male). We conducted survival analyses to determine whether behavioral health services significantly affected time to recidivating...
July 2015: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25935749/the-puzzle-of-intrafamilial-child-sexual-abuse-a-meta-analysis-comparing-intrafamilial-and-extrafamilial-offenders-with-child-victims
#12
REVIEW
Michael C Seto, Kelly M Babchishin, Lesleigh E Pullman, Ian V McPhail
Intrafamilial child sexual abuse is a serious social and health problem, yet explanations of sexual offending against children that emphasize antisocial tendencies and atypical sexual interests do not adequately explain intrafamilial offending. In this meta-analysis, we tested other explanations of intrafamilial child sexual abuse by examining 78 independent samples that compared a total of 6605 intrafamilial offenders to a total of 10,573 extrafamilial offenders, in studies disseminated between 1978 and 2013 (Mdn=2000)...
July 2015: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25844994/comorbid-adolescent-difficulties-social-work-prevention-of-delinquency-and-serious-youthful-offending
#13
Christopher A Mallett, Joshua Kirven
A majority of adolescents who are formally involved with the juvenile courts and detained or incarcerated are dealing with past or present maltreatment victimization, learning disabilities, and/or mental health/substance abuse difficulties. Addressing these problems and traumas is an integral part of preventing delinquency and breaking a youthful offender's recidivist cycle, a pattern that often predicts adult offending and incarceration. Fortunately, there are effective programs across the social work profession that decrease or may even eliminate delinquent behaviors, both for low-level and more serious youthful offenders...
2015: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25844416/-psychometric-properties-of-the-polish-version-of-the-brief-version-of-kutcher-adolescent-depression-scale-assessment-of-depression-among-students
#14
Ewa Mojs, Weronika Bartkowska, Łukasz Kaczmarek, Michał Ziarko, Aleksandra Bujacz, Katarzyna Warchoł-Biedermann
AIM: Depressive disorders, which remain one of the most common and recurrent mood disorders worldwide, presently affect up to 15% of the population under age 25. Adolescent depression is related to a number of adverse phenomena such as scholastic/academic failure, juvenile delinquency, illicit substance abuse or suicide. Studies show that students are at a high risk of developing this disorder but depression in this population is often misdiagnosed and undertreated. Consequently, it is important to develop reliable diagnostic tools to evaluate symptoms of depression in students...
January 2015: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25791147/psychiatric-disorders-and-violence-a-study-of-delinquent-youth-after-detention
#15
Katherine S Elkington, Linda A Teplin, Karen M Abram, Jessica A Jakubowski, Mina K Dulcan, Leah J Welty
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between psychiatric disorders and violence in delinquent youth after detention. METHOD: The Northwestern Juvenile Project is a longitudinal study of youth from the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (Chicago, Illinois). Violence and psychiatric disorders were assessed via self-report in 1,659 youth (56% African American, 28% Hispanic, 36% female, aged 13-25 years) interviewed up to 4 times between 3 and 5 years after detention...
April 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25764076/prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-among-juvenile-offenders-in-malaysian-prisons-and-association-with-socio-demographic-and-personal-factors
#16
S A Aida, H H Aili, K S Manveen, W I W Salwina, K P Subash, C G Ng, A Z M Muhsin
PURPOSE: The number of juvenile offenders admitted to Malaysian prisons is alarming. The purpose of this paper is to determine the presence of any psychiatric disorders and their association with personal characteristics of juvenile detainees in prisons across Peninsular Malaysia. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Detainees were recruited from five different prisons in Peninsular Malaysia and interviewed by a psychiatrist using the MINI-Kid and FACES-IV, relevant personal and family information was also collected...
2014: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25749479/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychiatric-disorders-among-former-juvenile-detainees-in-the-united-states
#17
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Matt DeLisi, Brandy R Maynard, Brian Boutwell
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile offenders face increased liability for psychiatric disorders and greater psychopathology, but little is known about the psychiatric status of former juvenile delinquents as adults. METHOD: Drawing on data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the NESARC, logistic regression models examine correlates of psychiatric disorders in a large nationally representative sample of former juvenile detainees in adulthood (n=1177) compared to adults who did not have a history of juvenile offending (n=33,193)...
May 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25712427/an-investigation-of-gender-differences-in-a-representative-sample-of-juveniles-detained-in-connecticut
#18
Elena L Grigorenko, Tami Sullivan, John Chapman
As the number of females served by the juvenile justice system in the United States continues to grow, both in absolute terms and relative to the number of males, it is important to understand both the general and specific characteristics of delinquent girls and boys regarding their patterns of offending and risk variables. Using systematic random sampling, 20% of all admittees to the state-run juvenile detention centers in the state of Connecticut, USA, were included in a chart review study, forming a sample (n = 371, 30...
January 2015: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25694282/-prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-among-teenage-offenders
#19
Jorge Gaete, Nicolás Labbé, Paloma Del Villar, Catalina Allende, Eduardo Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: There has been a significant number of adolescents admitted to National Youth Service of Chile (SENAME) detention centers in recent years, specifically since the promulgation of a law reform on juveniles' penal responsibility for people aged 14 to 18 years (2006). AIM: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adolescent male offenders aged between 14 and 17 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Kids and Adolescents (MINI-KID) was applied to 489 adolescents admitted to detention centers, to determine the presence of psychiatric disorders...
November 2014: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25683164/reducing-the-risk-of-internalizing-symptoms-among-high-risk-hispanic-youth-through-a-family-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tatiana Perrino, Hilda Pantin, Shi Huang, Ahnalee Brincks, C Hendricks Brown, Guillermo Prado
Familias Unidas is an intervention that has been found to be efficacious in preventing and reducing substance use, sexual risk, and problem behaviors among Hispanic youth. While it does not specifically target youth internalizing symptoms, the intervention works to strengthen parenting and family factors associated with reduced risk of internalizing symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety symptoms). This study examines the effects of Familias Unidas on internalizing symptoms among high-risk youth, as well as the role of family level factors in the intervention's effects...
March 2016: Family Process
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