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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279460/forecasting-the-new-case-detection-rate-of-leprosy-in-four-states-of-brazil-a-comparison-of-modelling-approaches
#1
David J Blok, Ronald E Crump, Ram Sundaresh, Martial Ndeffo-Mbah, Alison P Galvani, Travis C Porco, Sake J de Vlas, Graham F Medley, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Brazil has the second highest annual number of new leprosy cases. The aim of this study is to formally compare predictions of future new case detection rate (NCDR) trends and the annual probability of NCDR falling below 10/100,000 of four different modelling approaches in four states of Brazil: Rio Grande do Norte, Amazonas, Ceará, Tocantins. METHODS: A linear mixed model, a back-calculation approach, a deterministic compartmental model and an individual-based model were used...
March 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144818/practice-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-care-in-the-netherlands-during-four-snapshot-weeks-with-the-national-cardiovascular-database-registry-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
N P G Hoedemaker, M E Ten Haaf, J C Maas, P Damman, Y Appelman, J G P Tijssen, R J de Winter, A W J van 't Hof
BACKGROUND: Clinical registries provide information on the process of care and patient outcomes, with the potential to improve the quality of patient care. A large Dutch national acute coronary syndrome (ACS) registry is currently lacking. Recently, we initiated the National Cardiovascular Database Registry (NCDR) for ACS in the Netherlands. The purpose of this study was to assess the NCDR ACS registry on feasibility and data completeness during a pilot phase of four snapshot weeks...
January 31, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104069/outcomes-among-older-patients-receiving-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-secondary-prevention-from-the-ncdr-icd-registry
#3
Jarrod K Betz, David F Katz, Pamela N Peterson, Ryan T Borne, Sana M Al-Khatib, Yongfei Wang, Carolina Malta Hansen, David D McManus, Jehu S Mathew, Frederick A Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death were conducted nearly 2 decades ago and enrolled few older patients. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed morbidity and mortality of older patients receiving ICDs for secondary prevention in contemporary clinical practice. METHODS: We identified 12,420 Medicare beneficiaries from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry ICD Registry undergoing first-time secondary prevention ICD implantation between 2006 and 2009 in 956 U...
January 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044351/rate-of-positive-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer-and-its-stage-in-two-week-wait-referrals-in-england-according-to-age
#4
D J Keith, T Jones, A Ives, D de Berker, J Verne
BACKGROUND: The incidence of skin cancer is increasing. The two-week wait conversion rate (TWWCR) is the percentage of urgent suspected skin cancer referrals that are confirmed as cancer. AIMS: To examine the relationships between different epidemiological factors and TWWCR for malignant melanoma (MM) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: We extracted data from the National Cancer Data Repository (NCDR) and National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Dataset between 2009 and 2010 for MM and SCC in England...
January 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038724/implications-of-the-legacy-trial-on-us-atrial-fibrillation-patients-an-ncdr-research-to-practice-r2p-project
#5
Anil K Gehi, Emily O'Brien, Rajeev K Pathak, Prashanthan Sanders, Kevin F Kennedy, Salim S Virani, Frederick A Masoudi, Thomas M Maddox
The Long-term Effect of Goal Directed Weight Management in an Atrial Fibrillation Cohort: A Long-term Follow-up Study (LEGACY) demonstrated that weight reduction in a cohort of Australian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) resulted in a reduction in AF burden and improvement in AF symptom severity. The applicability of LEGACY in US cardiovascular practice is not known. A cohort of patients with AF from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) registry of US cardiovascular ambulatory care practices was created...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025066/executive-summary-trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#6
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
The National Cardiovascular Data Registries (NCDR) of the American College of Cardiology consists of ten national programs designed to measure quality of care for high impact cardiovascular conditions and procedures. The NCDR provides feedback with benchmarking of a broad range of quality metrics to participants; supports quality improvement interventions at the local and national level; and serves as the basis for cardiovascular health services and epidemiology research that informs contemporary clinical care...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025065/trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#7
REVIEW
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. National quality programs such as the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®) permit assessments of the quality of care and outcomes for broad populations of patients with CVD. This report provides data from 2014 from four NCDR® hospital quality programs: 1) CathPCI® for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (667,424 procedures performed in 1,612 hospitals) ICD™ for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (158,649 procedures performed in 1,715 hospitals); 3) ACTION®-GWTG™ for acute coronary syndromes (182,903 patients admitted to 907 hospitals); and 4) IMPACT® for cardiac catheterization and intervention for pediatric and adult congenital heart disease (20,169 procedures in 76 hospitals)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970376/tct-202-interaction-between-choice-of-anticoagulation-antiplatelet-therapy-and-access-site-on-mortality-and-bleeding-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-insights-from-the-california-ncdr-registry
#8
Femi Philip, Stina Anderson, Suresh Ram, William Bommer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969680/tct-331-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-pci-to-lima-grafts-a-study-from-the-acc-ncdr-cathpci-registry
#9
Farnaz Azarbal, Khung Keong Yeo, Kendrick Shunk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893655/a-retrospective-observational-study-of-length-of-stay-in-hospital-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-in-england-1998-2010
#10
Ariadni Aravani, Elizabeth F Samy, James D Thomas, Phil Quirke, Eva J A Morris, Paul J Finan
The National Health Service (NHS) is facing financial constraints and thus there is considerable interest in ensuring the shortest but optimal hospital stays possible. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of postoperative length of stay (LOS) stay across the English NHS and to identify factors that significantly influence both optimal and prolonged LOS.Data were obtained from the National Cancer Data Repository (NCDR). National patterns of LOS were examined and multilevel mixed effects logistic regression was used to study factors associated with an "ideal" (≤5 days) or a prolonged (≥21 days) LOS in hospital after major resection...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747168/daily-cardiac-catheterization-procedural-volume-and-complications-at-an-academic-medical-center
#11
Kipp Slicker, Wesley G Lane, Ola O Oyetayo, Laurel A Copeland, Eileen M Stock, Jeffrey B Michel, John P Erwin
BACKGROUND: Over 1,000,000 cardiac catheterizations (CC) are performed annually in the United States. There is a small risk of complication that has persisted despite advances in technology. It is unknown whether daily CC procedural volume can influence this risk. In an effort to improve outcomes at our academic medical center, we investigated the relationship between daily CC volume and complication rates. METHODS: We obtained data from both the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Cath-PCI and Lumedx© databases reviewing the records of patients undergoing scheduled, non-emergent CC at our facility between January 2005 to June 2013...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651359/bacteriome-and-mycobiome-interactions-underscore-microbial-dysbiosis-in-familial-crohn-s-disease
#12
G Hoarau, P K Mukherjee, C Gower-Rousseau, C Hager, J Chandra, M A Retuerto, C Neut, S Vermeire, J Clemente, J F Colombel, H Fujioka, D Poulain, B Sendid, M A Ghannoum
UNLABELLED: Crohn's disease (CD) results from a complex interplay between host genetic factors and endogenous microbial communities. In the current study, we used Ion Torrent sequencing to characterize the gut bacterial microbiota (bacteriome) and fungal community (mycobiome) in patients with CD and their nondiseased first-degree relatives (NCDR) in 9 familial clusters living in northern France-Belgium and in healthy individuals from 4 families living in the same area (non-CD unrelated [NCDU])...
September 20, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539683/predictors-trends-and-outcomes-among%C3%A2-older-patients%C3%A2-%C3%A2-65-years-of-age-associated-with-beta-blocker-use-in-patients-with-stable-angina-undergoing-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-insights-from-the-ncdr-registry
#13
Apurva A Motivala, Valay Parikh, Matthew Roe, David Dai, J Dawn Abbott, Abhiram Prasad, Debabrata Mukherjee
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine predictors, trends, and outcomes associated with β-blocker prescriptions at discharge in patients with stable angina without prior history of myocardial infarction (MI) or systolic heart failure (HF) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The benefits of β-blockers in patients with MI and/or systolic HF are well established. However, whether β-blockers affect outcomes in patients with stable angina, especially after PCI, remains uncertain...
August 22, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530192/contrast-induced-nephropathy-and-peripheral-intervention-who-s-keeping-track
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael J Lipinski, Lowell F Satler
The incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy is high at approximately 10% following peripheral angiography and intervention. The same measures taken to protect against contrast-induced nephropathy and acute kidney injury for coronary angiography and intervention should be applied for peripheral angiography and intervention. Greater or mandatory reporting to the Peripheral Vascular Intervention (PVI) Registry of the NCDR may not only better ascertain the true incidence of CIN in general practice, but to also provide benchmarks for institutions to improve patient outcomes...
August 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507868/prescription-of-guideline-based-medical-therapies-at-discharge-after-carotid-artery-stenting-and-endarterectomy-an-ncdr-analysis
#15
Herbert D Aronow, Kevin F Kennedy, Siddharth A Wayangankar, Barry T Katzen, Peter A Schneider, Alex Abou-Chebl, Kenneth A Rosenfield
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid artery revascularization was previously found to incrementally reduce stroke risk among patients with carotid stenosis treated with medical therapy. However, the frequency with which optimal medical therapies are used at discharge after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) is not known, and the influence of patient, operator, and hospital characteristics on the likelihood of prescription is poorly understood. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 23 112 patients undergoing CAS or CEA between January 2007 and June 2012 at US hospitals participating in the CARE registry (Carotid Artery Revascularization and Endarterectomy), we examined antiplatelet therapy and statin utilization at discharge...
September 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468142/race-and-sex-differences-in-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-after-st-elevation-and-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarct-results-from-the-ncdr
#16
D Edmund Anstey, Shuang Li, Laine Thomas, Tracy Y Wang, Stephen D Wiviott
BACKGROUND: Race and sex have been shown to affect management of myocardial infarction (MI); however, it is unclear if such disparities exist in contemporary care of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). HYPOTHESIS: Disparities in care will be less prevalent in more heavily protocol-driven management of STEMI than the less algorithmic care of NSTEMI. METHODS: Data were collected from the ACTION Registry-GWTG database to assess care differences related to race and sex of patients presenting with NSTEMI or STEMI...
October 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437655/oral-anticoagulant-therapy-prescription-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-across-the-spectrum-of-stroke-risk-insights-from-the-ncdr-pinnacle-registry
#17
Jonathan C Hsu, Thomas M Maddox, Kevin F Kennedy, David F Katz, Lucas N Marzec, Steven A Lubitz, Anil K Gehi, Mintu P Turakhia, Gregory M Marcus
IMPORTANCE: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at a proportionally higher risk of stroke based on accumulation of well-defined risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which prescription of an oral anticoagulant (OAC) in US cardiology practices increases as the number of stroke risk factors increases. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional registry study of outpatients with AF enrolled in the American College of Cardiology National Cardiovascular Data Registry's PINNACLE (Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence) Registry between January 1, 2008, and December 30, 2012...
April 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406605/outcomes-1-year-after-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-lead-abandonment-versus-explantation-for-unused-or-malfunctioning-leads-a-report-from-the-national-cardiovascular-data-registry
#18
Emily P Zeitler, Yongfei Wang, Kumar Dharmarajan, Kevin J Anstrom, Eric D Peterson, James P Daubert, Jeptha P Curtis, Sana M Al-Khatib
BACKGROUND: Patients with an unused or malfunctioning implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead may have the lead either abandoned or explanted; yet there are limited data on the comparative acute and longer-term safety of these 2 approaches. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined in-hospital events among 24 908 subject encounters using propensity score 1:1 matching for ICD lead abandonment or explantation in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) ICD Registry (April 2010 to June 2014)...
July 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166210/revascularization-trends-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease-presenting-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-the-national-cardiovascular-data-registry-acute-coronary-treatment-and-intervention-outcomes
#19
Ambarish Pandey, Darren K McGuire, James A de Lemos, Sandeep R Das, Jarett D Berry, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Subhash Banerjee, Steven P Marso, Gregory W Barsness, DaJuanicia N Simon, Matthew Roe, Abhinav Goyal, Mikhail Kosiborod, Ezra A Amsterdam, Dharam J Kumbhani
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend surgical revascularization (coronary artery bypass graft [CABG]) over percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel coronary artery disease. Few data are available describing revascularization patterns among these patients in the setting of non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network Registry-Get with the Guidelines (ACTION Registry-GWTG), we compared the in-hospital use of different revascularization strategies (PCI versus CABG versus no revascularization) in diabetes mellitus patients with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction who had angiography, demonstrating multivessel coronary artery disease between July 2008 and December 2014...
May 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116974/comparative-effectiveness-of-carotid-artery-stenting-versus-carotid-endarterectomy-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#20
Jessica J Jalbert, Louis L Nguyen, Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Hiraku Kumamaru, Chih-Ying Chen, Lauren A Williams, Jun Liu, Andrew T Rothman, Michael R Jaff, John D Seeger, James F Benenati, Peter A Schneider, Herbert D Aronow, Joseph A Johnston, Thomas G Brott, Thomas T Tsai, Christopher J White, Soko Setoguchi
BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of carotid artery stenting (CAS) relative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) among Medicare patients has not been established. We compared effectiveness of CAS versus CEA among Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS AND RESULTS: We linked Medicare data (2000-2009) to the Society for Vascular Surgery's Vascular Registry (2005-2008) and the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's (NCDR) Carotid Artery Revascularization and Endarterectomy Registry (2006-2008/2009)...
May 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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