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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545633/seattle-heart-failure-and-proportional-risk%C3%A2-models-predict-benefit-from-implantable%C3%A2-cardioverter-defibrillators
#1
Kenneth C Bilchick, Yongfei Wang, Alan Cheng, Jeptha P Curtis, Kumar Dharmarajan, George J Stukenborg, Ramin Shadman, Inder Anand, Lars H Lund, Ulf Dahlström, Ulrik Sartipy, Aldo Maggioni, Karl Swedberg, Chris O'Conner, Wayne C Levy
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials highlight the need for better models to identify patients at higher risk of sudden death. OBJECTIVES: The authors hypothesized that the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM) for overall survival and the Seattle Proportional Risk Model (SPRM) for proportional risk of sudden death, including death from ventricular arrhythmias, would predict the survival benefit with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). METHODS: Patients with primary prevention ICDs from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) were compared with control patients with heart failure (HF) without ICDs with respect to 5-year survival using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression...
May 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495430/patient-versus-physician-variation-in-use-of-transradial-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#2
Shariq Shamim, Fengming Tang, David Safley, Philip Jones, John A Spertus, Dmitri Baklanov
The prevalence of radial access for transradial catheterization remains low in the United States, occurring in only 28% of cases in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) CathPCI. It is unknown whether the low adoption rate has been influenced by patient characteristics or is more operator dependent. In a 10-center study, we compared clinical and demographic characteristics among 323 radial and 1,506 femoral access percutaneous coronary intervention (PCIs) performed by 65 interventionists capable of radial PCI...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488410/predicting-early-readmission-following-pci-a-work-in-progress
#3
EDITORIAL
Jorge A Belardi, Mariano Albertal
Early hospital readmissions after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) are common and costly. From the NCDR CathPCI Registry and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, a risk prediction model was generated using 14 clinical variables, demonstrating modest discrimination. Future research is needed to identify interventions aim to reduce early readmissions. The use of this risk model may help guide these interventions.
May 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454812/factors-associated-with-rhythm-control-treatment-decisions-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-insights-from-the-ncdr-pinnacle-registry
#4
Anil K Gehi, Gheorghe Doros, Thomas J Glorioso, Gary K Grunwald, Jonathan Hsu, Yang Song, Mintu P Turakhia, Alexander Turchin, Salim S Virani, Thomas M Maddox
BACKGROUND: Decisions to use rhythm control in atrial fibrillation (AF) should generally be dictated by patient factors, such as quality of life, heart failure, and other comorbidities. Whether or not other factors affect decisions about the use of rhythm control, and catheter ablation in particular, is unknown. METHODS: A cohort of all patients diagnosed with nonvalvular AF were identified from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) AF registry of US outpatient cardiology practices during the study period from May 1, 2008, to December 31, 2014...
May 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446493/hospital-performance-on-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-process-and-outcomes-measures
#5
Philip W Chui, Craig S Parzynski, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Jeptha P Curtis
BACKGROUND: The Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement recently proposed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-specific process measures. However, information about hospital performance on these measures and the association of PCI process and outcomes measures are not available. METHODS AND RESULTS: We linked the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) CathPCI Registry with Medicare claims data to assess hospital performance on established PCI process measures (aspirin, thienopyridines, and statins on discharge; door-to-balloon time; and referral to cardiac rehabilitation), newly proposed PCI process measures (documentation of contrast dose, glomerular filtration rate, and PCI indication; appropriate indication for elective PCI; and use of embolic protection device), and a composite of all process measures...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437531/applicability-of-the-improve-it-trial-to-current-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-an-ncdr-research-to-practice-project
#6
Thomas M Maddox, Fengming Tang, John R Downs, Frederick A Masoudi, Salim S Virani, Stacie L Daugherty, John S Rumsfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385404/assessment-of-operator-variability-in-risk-standardized-mortality-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-report-from-the-ncdr
#7
Jacob A Doll, Dadi Dai, Matthew T Roe, John C Messenger, Matthew W Sherwood, Abhiram Prasad, Ehtisham Mahmud, John S Rumsfeld, Tracy Y Wang, Eric D Peterson, Sunil V Rao
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine variability and stability in risk-standardized mortality rates (RSMR) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) operators meeting minimum case volume standards and identify differences in case mix and practice patterns that may account for RSMR variability. BACKGROUND: RSMR has been suggested as a metric to evaluate the performance of PCI operators; however, variability of operator-level RSMR and the stability of this metric over time among the same operator are unknown...
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383717/characteristics-and-early-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-totally-subcutaneous-vs-transvenous-single-chamber-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-placement
#8
Ali A Mithani, Heaton Kath, Krystal Hunter, John Andriulli, Matthew Ortman, Julie Field, Andrea M Russo
Aims: In 2012, the first totally Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (S-ICD) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. A possible benefit of this device is that it does not involve placing leads 'in' or 'on' the heart, potentially reducing complications. Methods amd results: Ninety-one S-ICD and 182 single chamber TV-ICD implants were performed between 10/22/2012 and 9/22/2015. During this period of time, 91 patients with S-ICD were matched to TV-ICD patients using single centre NCDR ICD Registry Data based on dialysis status, gender, and age...
April 4, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279460/forecasting-the-new-case-detection-rate-of-leprosy-in-four-states-of-brazil-a-comparison-of-modelling-approaches
#9
David J Blok, Ronald E Crump, Ram Sundaresh, Martial Ndeffo-Mbah, Alison P Galvani, Travis C Porco, Sake J de Vlas, Graham F Medley, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Brazil has the second highest annual number of new leprosy cases. The aim of this study is to formally compare predictions of future new case detection rate (NCDR) trends and the annual probability of NCDR falling below 10/100,000 of four different modelling approaches in four states of Brazil: Rio Grande do Norte, Amazonas, Ceará, Tocantins. METHODS: A linear mixed model, a back-calculation approach, a deterministic compartmental model and an individual-based model were used...
March 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144818/practice-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-care-in-the-netherlands-during-four-snapshot-weeks-with-the-national-cardiovascular-database-registry-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#10
N P G Hoedemaker, M E Ten Haaf, J C Maas, P Damman, Y Appelman, J G P Tijssen, R J de Winter, A W J van 't Hof
BACKGROUND: Clinical registries provide information on the process of care and patient outcomes, with the potential to improve the quality of patient care. A large Dutch national acute coronary syndrome (ACS) registry is currently lacking. Recently, we initiated the National Cardiovascular Database Registry (NCDR) for ACS in the Netherlands. The purpose of this study was to assess the NCDR ACS registry on feasibility and data completeness during a pilot phase of four snapshot weeks...
April 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104069/outcomes-among-older-patients-receiving-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-secondary-prevention-from-the-ncdr-icd-registry
#11
Jarrod K Betz, David F Katz, Pamela N Peterson, Ryan T Borne, Sana M Al-Khatib, Yongfei Wang, Carolina Malta Hansen, David D McManus, Jehu S Mathew, Frederick A Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death were conducted nearly 2 decades ago and enrolled few older patients. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed morbidity and mortality of older patients receiving ICDs for secondary prevention in contemporary clinical practice. METHODS: We identified 12,420 Medicare beneficiaries from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry ICD Registry undergoing first-time secondary prevention ICD implantation between 2006 and 2009 in 956 U...
January 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044351/rate-of-positive-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer-and-its-stage-in-two-week-wait-referrals-in-england-according-to-age
#12
D J Keith, T Jones, A Ives, D de Berker, J Verne
BACKGROUND: The incidence of skin cancer is increasing. The two-week wait conversion rate (TWWCR) is the percentage of urgent suspected skin cancer referrals that are confirmed as cancer. AIMS: To examine the relationships between different epidemiological factors and TWWCR for malignant melanoma (MM) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: We extracted data from the National Cancer Data Repository (NCDR) and National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Dataset between 2009 and 2010 for MM and SCC in England...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038724/implications-of-the-legacy-trial-on-us-atrial-fibrillation-patients-an-ncdr-research-to-practice-r2p-project
#13
Anil K Gehi, Emily O'Brien, Rajeev K Pathak, Prashanthan Sanders, Kevin F Kennedy, Salim S Virani, Frederick A Masoudi, Thomas M Maddox
The Long-term Effect of Goal Directed Weight Management in an Atrial Fibrillation Cohort: A Long-term Follow-up Study (LEGACY) demonstrated that weight reduction in a cohort of Australian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) resulted in a reduction in AF burden and improvement in AF symptom severity. The applicability of LEGACY in US cardiovascular practice is not known. A cohort of patients with AF from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) registry of US cardiovascular ambulatory care practices was created...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025066/executive-summary-trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#14
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
The National Cardiovascular Data Registries (NCDR) of the American College of Cardiology consists of ten national programs designed to measure quality of care for high impact cardiovascular conditions and procedures. The NCDR provides feedback with benchmarking of a broad range of quality metrics to participants; supports quality improvement interventions at the local and national level; and serves as the basis for cardiovascular health services and epidemiology research that informs contemporary clinical care...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025065/trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#15
REVIEW
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. National quality programs such as the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®) permit assessments of the quality of care and outcomes for broad populations of patients with CVD. This report provides data from 2014 from four NCDR® hospital quality programs: 1) CathPCI® for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (667,424 procedures performed in 1,612 hospitals) ICD™ for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (158,649 procedures performed in 1,715 hospitals); 3) ACTION®-GWTG™ for acute coronary syndromes (182,903 patients admitted to 907 hospitals); and 4) IMPACT® for cardiac catheterization and intervention for pediatric and adult congenital heart disease (20,169 procedures in 76 hospitals)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970376/tct-202-interaction-between-choice-of-anticoagulation-antiplatelet-therapy-and-access-site-on-mortality-and-bleeding-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-insights-from-the-california-ncdr-registry
#16
Femi Philip, Stina Anderson, Suresh Ram, William Bommer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969680/tct-331-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-pci-to-lima-grafts-a-study-from-the-acc-ncdr-cathpci-registry
#17
Farnaz Azarbal, Khung Keong Yeo, Kendrick Shunk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893655/a-retrospective-observational-study-of-length-of-stay-in-hospital-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-in-england-1998-2010
#18
Ariadni Aravani, Elizabeth F Samy, James D Thomas, Phil Quirke, Eva J A Morris, Paul J Finan
The National Health Service (NHS) is facing financial constraints and thus there is considerable interest in ensuring the shortest but optimal hospital stays possible. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of postoperative length of stay (LOS) stay across the English NHS and to identify factors that significantly influence both optimal and prolonged LOS.Data were obtained from the National Cancer Data Repository (NCDR). National patterns of LOS were examined and multilevel mixed effects logistic regression was used to study factors associated with an "ideal" (≤5 days) or a prolonged (≥21 days) LOS in hospital after major resection...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747168/daily-cardiac-catheterization-procedural-volume-and-complications-at-an-academic-medical-center
#19
Kipp Slicker, Wesley G Lane, Ola O Oyetayo, Laurel A Copeland, Eileen M Stock, Jeffrey B Michel, John P Erwin
BACKGROUND: Over 1,000,000 cardiac catheterizations (CC) are performed annually in the United States. There is a small risk of complication that has persisted despite advances in technology. It is unknown whether daily CC procedural volume can influence this risk. In an effort to improve outcomes at our academic medical center, we investigated the relationship between daily CC volume and complication rates. METHODS: We obtained data from both the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Cath-PCI and Lumedx© databases reviewing the records of patients undergoing scheduled, non-emergent CC at our facility between January 2005 to June 2013...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651359/bacteriome-and-mycobiome-interactions-underscore-microbial-dysbiosis-in-familial-crohn-s-disease
#20
G Hoarau, P K Mukherjee, C Gower-Rousseau, C Hager, J Chandra, M A Retuerto, C Neut, S Vermeire, J Clemente, J F Colombel, H Fujioka, D Poulain, B Sendid, M A Ghannoum
UNLABELLED: Crohn's disease (CD) results from a complex interplay between host genetic factors and endogenous microbial communities. In the current study, we used Ion Torrent sequencing to characterize the gut bacterial microbiota (bacteriome) and fungal community (mycobiome) in patients with CD and their nondiseased first-degree relatives (NCDR) in 9 familial clusters living in northern France-Belgium and in healthy individuals from 4 families living in the same area (non-CD unrelated [NCDU])...
September 20, 2016: MBio
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