keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gm1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522391/polysaccharides-from-ginseng-leaves-inhibit-tumor-metastasis-via-macrophage-and-nk-cell-activation
#1
Myoung-Sook Shin, Su-Hyun Hwang, Taek-Joon Yoon, Kwang-Soon Shin
In this study, we purified the polysaccharide fraction (GS-P) from the leaves of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer and analyzed its monosaccharide composition and antitumor and antimetastatic activity in vitro and in vivo. GS-P is a 10.2kDa pectic polysaccharide consisting of 15 different monosaccharides. GS-P treatment significantly inhibited metastasis in mice, in a dose-dependent manner. GS-P was not cytotoxic to colon 26-M3.1 cells and increased mouse splenocyte proliferation. Secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-12 was enhanced in the peritoneal exudate macrophages (PEMs) of GS-P-treated mice...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499815/new-insight-into-the-interaction-of-traf2-c-terminal-domain-with-lipid-raft-microdomains
#2
Arianna Ceccarelli, Almerinda Di Venere, Eleonora Nicolai, Anastasia De Luca, Nicola Rosato, Enrico Gratton, Giampiero Mei, Anna Maria Caccuri
In this study we provide the first evidence of the interaction of a truncated-TRAF2 with lipid raft microdomains. We have analyzed this interaction by measuring the diffusion coefficient of the protein in large and giant unilamellar vesicles (LUVs and GUVs, respectively) obtained both from synthetic lipid mixtures and from natural extracts. Steady-state fluorescence measurements performed with synthetic vesicles indicate that this truncated form of TRAF2 displays a tighter binding to raft-like LUVs with respect to the control (POPC-containing LUVs), and that this process depends on the protein oligomeric state...
May 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499578/building-a-biomimetic-membrane-for-neutron-reflectivity-investigation-complexity-asymmetry-and-contrast
#3
Valeria Rondelli, Paola Brocca, Nicola Tranquilli, Giovanna Fragneto, Elena Del Favero, Laura Cantù
The preparation and investigation of model membranes is deserving growing interest both for the physics of complex systems, and for biology. The need of simplified models should preserve mimicking the qualifying characteristics of biological membranes, and keep non-invasive and detailed description. As a main feature, biological membranes are non-homogeneous in the disposition of components, both in the lateral and in the transverse direction. We prepared asymmetric supported membranes containing GM1 ganglioside in biomimetic proportion according to different protocols...
April 29, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497346/enhanced-autophagy-contributes-to-protective-effects-of-gm1-ganglioside-against-a%C3%AE-1-42-induced-neurotoxicity-and-cognitive-deficits
#4
Ruwei Dai, Shijie Zhang, Wenjun Duan, Renrong Wei, Huifang Chen, Weibin Cai, Lei Yang, Qi Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. The aggregation of Aβ peptides, Aβ1-42 in particular, is thought to be a fundamental pathogenic mechanism leading to the neuronal damage in AD. Recently, monosialoganglioside GM1 is reported to possess pivotal neuroprotection in neurodegenerative diseases. Previous studies have focused on the conformational dynamics and the biochemical interaction of the amyloid-peptide with the GM1 ganglioside, as well as the protective effect of GM1 on cognition...
May 12, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483053/gm1-mmp-is-involved-in-growth-and-development-of-leaf-and-seed-and-enhances-tolerance-to-high-temperature-and-humidity-stress-in-transgenic-arabidopsis
#5
Sushuang Liu, Yanmin Liu, Yanhong Jia, Jiaping Wei, Shuang Wang, Xiaolin Liu, Yali Zhou, Yajing Zhu, Weihong Gu, Hao Ma
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc- and calcium-dependent endopeptidases. Gm1-MMP was found to play an important role in soybean tissue remodeling during leaf expansion. In this study, Gm1-MMP was isolated and characterized. Its encoding protein had a relatively low phylogenetic relationship with the MMPs in other plant species. Subcellular localization indicated that Gm1-MMP was a plasma membrane protein. Gm1-MMP showed higher expression levels in mature leaves, old leaves, pods, and mature seeds, as well as was involved in the development of soybean seed...
June 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477283/linking-mitochondrial-dysfunction-to-neurodegeneration-in-lysosomal-storage-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Afshin Saffari, Stefan Kölker, Georg F Hoffmann, Darius Ebrahimi-Fakhari
Lysosomal storage diseases (LSD) are inborn errors of metabolism resulting in multisystem disease. Central nervous system involvement, often with progressive neurodegeneration, accounts for a large portion of the morbidity and mortality seen in many LSD. Available treatments fail to prevent or correct neurologic symptoms and decline. Emerging evidence points to an important role for mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis and progression of LSD-associated neurodegeneration. Mitochondrial dysfunction in LSD is characterized by alterations in mitochondrial mass, morphology and function...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476546/infantile-gangliosidoses-mapping-a-timeline-of-clinical-changes
#7
Jeanine R Jarnes Utz, Sarah Kim, Kelly King, Richard Ziegler, Lynn Schema, Evelyn S Redtree, Chester B Whitley
BACKGROUND: Infantile gangliosidoses include GM1 gangliosidosis and GM2 gangliosidosis (Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease). To date, natural history studies in infantile GM2 (iGM2) have been retrospective and conducted through surveys. Compared to iGM2, there is even less natural history information available on infantile GM1 disease (iGM1). There are no approved treatments for infantile gangliosidoses. Substrate reduction therapy using miglustat has been tried, but is limited by gastrointestinal side effects...
April 29, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463983/imaging-mass-spectrometry-identifies-prognostic-ganglioside-species-in-rodent-intracranial-transplants-of-glioma-and-medulloblastoma
#8
Leonardo Ermini, Elena Morganti, Alexander Post, Behzad Yeganeh, Isabella Caniggia, Michael Leadley, Claudia C Faria, James T Rutka, Martin Post
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-MSI) allows us to investigate the distribution of lipid molecules within tissues. We used MALDI-MSI to identify prognostic gangliosides in tissue sections of rat intracranial allografts of rat glioma and mouse intracranial xenografts of human medulloblastoma. In the healthy adult rodent brain, GM1 and GD1 were the main types of glycolipids. Both gangliosides were absent in both intracranial transplants. The ganglioside GM3 was not present in the healthy adult brain but was highly expressed in rat glioma allografts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456990/prenatal-diagnosis-of-lysosomal-storage-disorders-using-chorionic-villi
#9
Jyotsna Verma, Sunita Bijarnia-Mahay, Ishwar C Verma
Prenatal enzymatic diagnosis for an array of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) can be performed accurately, provided that a confirmed diagnosis by biochemical/molecular study in the index case is available and a strict defined protocol, specific to each individual disorder is followed. The present chapter describes the protocols for reliable and accurate prenatal enzymatic diagnoses by fluorometric and spectrophotometric methods of lysosomal storage disorders: Gaucher, Fabry, Pompe, Niemann Pick A/B, Tay Sach, Sandhoff, GM1, Mucoplysaccharidoses, Wolman, Krabbe, Metachromatic leukodystrophy, and Batten diseases using uncultured chorionic villi samples...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442549/neuraminidases-3-and-4-regulate-neuronal-function-by-catabolizing-brain-gangliosides
#10
Xuefang Pan, Camila De Britto Pará De Aragão, Juan P Velasco-Martin, David A Priestman, Harry Y Wu, Kohta Takahashi, Kazunori Yamaguchi, Luisella Sturiale, Domenico Garozzo, Frances M Platt, Nathalie Lamarche-Vane, Carlos R Morales, Taeko Miyagi, Alexey V Pshezhetsky
Gangliosides (sialylated glycolipids) play an essential role in the CNS by regulating recognition and signaling in neurons. Metabolic blocks in processing and catabolism of gangliosides result in the development of severe neurologic disorders, including gangliosidoses manifesting with neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation. We demonstrate that 2 mammalian enzymes, neuraminidases 3 and 4, play important roles in catabolic processing of brain gangliosides by cleaving terminal sialic acid residues in their glycan chains...
April 25, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425215/lipid-raft-dynamics-linked-to-sperm-competency-for-fertilization-in-mice
#11
Hitomi Watanabe, Rie Takeda, Keiji Hirota, Gen Kondoh
It is well known that mammalian sperm acquires fertilization ability after several maturation processes, particularly within the female reproductive tract. In a previous study, we found that both glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein (GPI-AP) release and lipid raft movement occur during the sperm maturation process. In several genetic studies, release of GPI-AP is a crucial step for sperm fertilization ability in the mouse. Here, we show that lipid raft movement is also fundamental for sperm to be competent for fertilization by comparing the sperm maturation process of two mouse inbred strains, C57BL/6 and BALB/c...
May 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418610/localization-patterns-of-the-ganglioside-gm1-in-human-sperm-are-indicative-of-male-fertility-and-independent-of-traditional-semen-measures
#12
Cristina Cardona, Queenie V Neri, Alana J Simpson, Melissa A Moody, G Charles Ostermeier, Eric K Seaman, Theodore Paniza, Zev Rosenwaks, Gianpiero D Palermo, Alexander J Travis
Semen analysis lacks a functional component and best identifies extreme cases of infertility. The ganglioside GM1 is known to have functional roles during capacitation and acrosome exocytosis. Here, we assessed whether GM1 localization patterns (Cap-Score™) correspond with male fertility in different settings: Study 1 involved couples pursuing assisted reproduction in a tertiary care fertility clinic, while Study 2 involved men with known fertility versus those questioning their fertility at a local urology center...
May 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418600/validation-of-a-laboratory-developed-test-of-human-sperm-capacitation
#13
Melissa A Moody, Cristina Cardona, Alana J Simpson, T Timothy Smith, Alexander J Travis, G Charles Ostermeier
Sperm must undergo capacitation to become fertilization competent. Here we validated that monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1 ) localization patterns, which were assessed in the Cap-Score™ Sperm Function Test, reflect a capacitated state in human sperm. First, we defined patterns representing sperm that do or do not respond to stimuli for capacitation. Sperm with "capacitated" patterns had exposed acrosomal carbohydrates and underwent acrosome exocytosis in response to calcium ionophore (A23187). Precision was evaluated by percent change of the Cap-Score measured for 50, 100, 150, and 200 sperm...
May 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417072/atypical-juvenile-presentation-of-gm2-gangliosidosis-ab-in-a-patient-compound-heterozygote-for-c-259g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-and-c-164c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-mutations-in-the-gm2a-gene
#14
Carla Martins, Catherine Brunel-Guitton, Anne Lortie, France Gauvin, Carlos R Morales, Grant A Mitchell, Alexey V Pshezhetsky
GM2-gangliosidosis, AB variant is an extremely rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the GM2A gene that encodes GM2 ganglioside activator protein (GM2AP). GM2AP is necessary for solubilisation of GM2 ganglioside in endolysosomes and its presentation to β-hexosaminidase A. Conversely GM2AP deficiency impairs lysosomal catabolism of GM2 ganglioside, leading to its storage in cells and tissues. We describe a 9-year-old child with an unusual juvenile clinical onset of GM2-gangliosidosis AB...
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410623/impact-of-gm1-on-membrane-mediated-aggregation-oligomerization-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-unifying-view
#15
REVIEW
Marek Cebecauer, Martin Hof, Mariana Amaro
In this perspective we summarize current knowledge of the effect of monosialoganglioside GM1 on the membrane-mediated aggregation of the β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide. GM1 has been suggested to be actively involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease due to its ability to seed the aggregation of Aβ. However, GM1 is known to be neuroprotective against Aβ-induced toxicity. Here we suggest that the two scenarios are not mutually exclusive but rather complementary, and might depend on the organization of GM1 in membranes...
April 11, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404749/diffusion-of-lipids-and-gpi-anchored-proteins-in-actin-free-plasma-membrane-vesicles-measured-by-sted-fcs
#16
Falk Schneider, Dominic Waithe, Mathias P Clausen, Silvia Galiani, Thomas Koller, Gunes Ozhan, Christian Eggeling, Erdinc Sezgin
Diffusion and interaction dynamics of molecules at the plasma membrane play an important role in cellular signalling, and they are suggested to be strongly associated with the actin cytoskeleton. Here, we utilise super-resolution STED microscopy combined with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (STED-FCS) to access and compare the diffusion characteristics of fluorescent lipid analogues and GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) in the live cell plasma membrane and in actin cytoskeleton-free cell-derived giant plasma membrane vesicles (GPMVs)...
April 12, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392211/monosialotetrahexosy-1-ganglioside-attenuates-diabetes-associated-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-suppression-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-apoptosis
#17
Danying Su, Jing Ma, Jiachen Yang, Yingying Kang, Manhua Lv, Yang Li
We aimed to assess the neuroprotective mechanism of monosialotetrahexosy-1 ganglioside (GM1) on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats with diabetes. A total of 54 male Wistar rats were induced with diabetes mellitus by administration of streptozotocin (STZ). The rats were then randomized into three groups, including sham group (n=18), I/R group (n=18), and GM1 group (n=18). Focal cerebral ischemia was modeled using the right middle cerebral artery occlusion method. In the GM1 group, diabetic rats were intraperitoneally administered with GM1 (15mg/kg) at 20min prior to reperfusion...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350474/detachment-of-membrane-bound-virions-by-competitive-ligand-binding-induced-receptor-depletion
#18
Nagma Parveen, Stephan Block, Vladimir P Zhdanov, Gustaf E Rydell, Fredrik Höök
Multivalent receptor-mediated interactions between virions and a lipid membrane can be weakened using competitive nonpathogenic ligand binding. In particular, the subsequent binding of such ligands can induce detachment of bound virions, a phenomenon of crucial relevance for the development of new antiviral drugs. Focusing on the simian virus 40 (SV40) and recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (rCTB), and using (monosialotetrahexosyl)ganglioside (GM1) as their common receptor in a supported lipid bilayer (SLB), we present the first detailed investigation of this phenomenon by employing the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy assisted 2D single particle tracking (SPT) techniques...
April 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341090/transient-isolated-lower-bulbar-palsy-with-elevated-serum-anti-gm1-and-anti-gd1b-antibodies-during-aripiprazole-treatment
#19
Tae Hwan Han, Do Yeon Kim, Dong Woo Park, Jin-Hwa Moon
BACKGROUND: Transient bulbar palsy without involvement of the facial or extraocular muscles is a rare presentation. It is considered a form of cranial polyneuropathy, a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome that is related to the autoimmune mechanisms induced by preceding infections or vaccinations. However, drug-induced cranial polyneuropathy has not previously been reported. We describe a boy with isolated bulbar palsy and positive serum antiganglioside antibodies during aripiprazole treatment...
January 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324651/line-activity-of-ganglioside-gm1-regulates-the-raft-size-distribution-in-a-cholesterol-dependent-manner
#20
T R Galimzyanov, A S Lyushnyak, V V Aleksandrova, L A Shilova, I I Mikhalyov, I M Molotkovskaya, S A Akimov, O V Batishchev
Liquid-ordered lipid domains, also called rafts, are assumed to be important players in different cellular processes, mainly signal transduction and membrane trafficking. They are thicker than the disordered part of the membrane and are thought to form to compensate for the hydrophobic mismatch between transmembrane proteins and the lipid environment. Despite the existence of such structures in vivo still being an open question, they are observed in model systems of multicomponent lipid bilayers. Moreover, the predictions obtained from model experiments allow the explanation of different physiological processes possibly involving rafts...
March 29, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
keyword
keyword
86320
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"