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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817702/global-gene-expression-analysis-of-the-response-of-physic-nut-jatropha-curcas-l-to-medium-and-long-term-nitrogen-deficiency
#1
Qi Kuang, Sheng Zhang, Pingzhi Wu, Yaping Chen, Meiru Li, Huawu Jiang, Guojiang Wu
Jatropha curcas L. is an important biofuel plant with excellent tolerance of barren environments. However, studies on the regulatory mechanisms that operate in this plant in response to nitrogen (N) shortage are scarce. In this study, genome-wide transcriptional profiles of the roots and leaves of 8-week old physic nut seedlings were analyzed after 2 and 16 days of N starvation. Enrichment results showed that genes associated with N metabolism, processing and regulation of RNA, and transport predominated among those showing alterations in expression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814398/plasma-lipidomic-profiles-and-cardiovascular-events-in-a-randomized-intervention-trial-with-the-mediterranean-diet
#2
Estefanía Toledo, Dong D Wang, Miguel Ruiz-Canela López, Clary B Clish, Cristina Razquin, Yan Zheng, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Adela Hruby, Dolores Corella, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, José Lapetra, Montserrat Fito, Fernando Aros, Luis Serra-Majem, Liming Liang, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González
Background: Lipid metabolites may partially explain the inverse association between the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).Objective: We evaluated the associations between 1) lipid species and the risk of CVD (myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death); 2) a MedDiet intervention [supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts] and 1-y changes in these molecules; and 3) 1-y changes in lipid species and subsequent CVD.Design: With the use of a case-cohort design, we profiled 202 lipid species at baseline and after 1 y of intervention in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial in 983 participants [230 cases and a random subcohort of 790 participants (37 overlapping cases)]...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814265/a-genome-wide-transcriptome-map-of-pistachio-pistacia-vera-l-provides-novel-insights-into-salinity-related-genes-and-marker-discovery
#3
Maryam Moazzzam Jazi, Seyed Mahdi Seyedi, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Mansour Ebrahimi, Gianluca De Moro, Christopher Botanga
BACKGROUND: Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) is one of the most important commercial nut crops worldwide. It is a salt-tolerant and long-lived tree, with the largest cultivation area in Iran. Climate change and subsequent increased soil salt content have adversely affected the pistachio yield in recent years. However, the lack of genomic/global transcriptomic sequences on P. vera impedes comprehensive researches at the molecular level. Hence, whole transcriptome sequencing is required to gain insight into functional genes and pathways in response to salt stress...
August 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812189/nutrient-intake-of-swiss-toddlers
#4
Thomas A Brunner, Luca Casetti, Petra Haueter, Pascal Müller, Andreas Nydegger, Johannes Spalinger
PURPOSE: During the first years of life, food preferences are shaped that might last throughout a person's entire life affecting his/her health in the long term. However, knowledge on early feeding habits is still limited for toddlers. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to: (1) assess toddlers' nutrient intake; (2) compare the findings to past studies as well as to national feeding recommendations and (3) identify major food sources for energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A food survey using a 4-day diary was conducted...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809864/predicting-response-to-radical-chemo-radiotherapy-with-circulating-hpv-dna-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-squamous-carcinoma
#5
Jen Y Lee, Isaac Garcia-Murillas, Rosalind J Cutts, David Gonzalez De Castro, Lorna Grove, Tara Hurley, Fuqiang Wang, Christopher Nutting, Katie Newbold, Kevin Harrington, Nicholas Turner, Shreerang Bhide
BACKGROUND: Following chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) for human papilloma virus positive (HPV+) locally advanced head and neck cancer, patients frequently undergo unnecessary neck dissection (ND) and/or repeated biopsies for abnormal PET-CT, which causes significant morbidity. We assessed the role of circulating HPV DNA in identifying 'true' residual disease. METHODS: We prospectively recruited test (n=55) and validation (n=33) cohorts. HPV status was confirmed by E7 RT-PCR...
August 15, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809792/fat-sensation-fatty-acid-taste-and-olfaction-sensitivity-and-the-link-with-disinhibited-eating-behaviour
#6
Sophie Kindleysides, Kathryn L Beck, Daniel C I Walsh, Lisa Henderson, Shakeela N Jayasinghe, Matt Golding, Bernhard H Breier
Perception of fat taste, aroma, and texture are proposed to influence food preferences, thus shaping dietary intake and eating behaviour and consequently long-term health. In this study, we investigated associations between fatty acid taste, olfaction, mouthfeel of fat, dietary intake, eating behaviour, and body mass index (BMI). Fifty women attended three sessions to assess oleic acid taste and olfaction thresholds, the olfactory threshold for n-butanol and subjective mouthfeel ratings of custard samples. Dietary intake and eating behaviour were evaluated using a Food Frequency and Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807853/aqueous-extract-from-pecan-nut-carya-illinoinensis-wangenh-c-koch-shell-show-activity-against-breast-cancer-cell-line-mcf-7-and-ehrlich-ascites-tumor-in-balb-c-mice
#7
Josiane Hilbig, Priscila de Britto Policarpi, Valdelúcia Maria Alves de Souza Grinevicius, Nádia Sandrine Ramos Santos Mota, Rozangela Curi Pedrosa, Jane Mara Block
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Brazil, use of teas are common for the treatment of many health disorders. Shell extracts of pecan nut (Carya illinoinensis) are popularly taken as tea to prevent diverse pathologies due to their phytochemical composition presenting significant amounts of phenolic substances. AIM OF THE STUDY: Phenolic compounds from pecan nut shell extract have been associated with diverse biological effects but the effect on tumor cells has not been reported yet...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807360/introducing-the-cancer-research-uk-advanced-radiotherapy-technologies-network-art-net
#8
EDITORIAL
K Harrington, E Hall, M Hawkins, A Henry, R MacKay, T Maughan, A McDonald, C Nutting, U Oelfke, D Sebag-Montefiore, R A Sharma, M van Herk, C Faivre-Finn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805450/commentary-health-concerns-of-brazil-nut-consumption
#9
Elias E Mazokopakis, Michael I Liontiris
Brazil nuts are the fruit of the enormous tropical tree Bertholletia excelsa that are produced in and exported from the territory of the Amazon. As a natural rich source of selenium (Se), the consumption of Brazil nuts is often suggested as therapeutic among patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases. In this review, the current knowledge regarding the main health concerns of Brazil nut consumption, such as Se toxicity, Se-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus, weight gain, radioactivity, aflatoxins, and allergic reactions, is presented and discussed...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#10
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801713/cross-reactivity-profiles-of-legumes-and-tree-nuts-using-the-xmap-%C3%A2-multiplex-food-allergen-detection-assay
#11
Chung Y Cho, Carolyn Oles, William Nowatzke, Kerry Oliver, Eric A E Garber
The homology between proteins in legumes and tree nuts makes it common for individuals with food allergies to be allergic to multiple legumes and tree nuts. This propensity for allergenic and antigenic cross-reactivity means that commonly employed commercial immunodiagnostic assays (e.g., dipsticks) for the detection of food allergens may not always accurately detect, identify, and quantitate legumes and tree nuts unless additional orthogonal analytical methods or secondary measures of analysis are employed...
August 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797547/nut-midline-carcinoma-causing-critical-stenosis-of-the-coronary-arteries-ct-demonstration
#12
Luis Gorospe, Ana María Ayala-Carbonero, Frank Eric Farfán-Leal, Gemma María Muñoz-Molina, María Eugenia Olmedo-García, Ana Gómez-Rueda, Pilar Garrido-López
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780065/eating-and-health-behaviors-in-vegans-compared-to-omnivores-dispelling-common-myths
#13
Sydney Heiss, Jaime A Coffino, Julia M Hormes
Studies comparing eating behaviors in individuals avoiding meat and other animal products to omnivores have produced largely inconclusive findings, in part due to a failure to obtain sufficiently large samples of vegan participants to make meaningful comparisons. This study examined eating and health behaviors in a large community sample of dietary vegans ("vegans"), compared to omnivores. Participants (n = 578, 80.4% female) completed an online questionnaire assessing a range of eating- and other health-related attitudes and behaviors...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769948/transcriptome-and-metabolite-changes-during-hydrogen-cyanamide-induced-floral-bud-break-in-sweet-cherry
#14
Irina A Ionescu, Gregorio López-Ortega, Meike Burow, Almudena Bayo-Canha, Alexander Junge, Oliver Gericke, Birger L Møller, Raquel Sánchez-Pérez
Release of bud dormancy in perennial woody plants is a temperature-dependent process and thus flowering in these species is heavily affected by climate change. The lack of cold winters in temperate growing regions often results in reduced flowering and low fruit yields. This is likely to decrease the availability of fruits and nuts of the Prunus spp. in the near future. In order to maintain high yields, it is crucial to gain detailed knowledge on the molecular mechanisms controlling the release of bud dormancy...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768652/nut-and-peanut-butter-consumption-and-the-risk-of-esophageal-and-gastric-cancer-subtypes
#15
Maryam Hashemian, Gwen Murphy, Arash Etemadi, Sanford M Dawsey, Linda M Liao, Christian C Abnet
Background: Nut consumption has been associated with decreased risk of colorectal, endometrial, lung, and pancreatic cancers. Polyphenols, fiber, vitamins, and minerals in nuts may confer this observed protective effect. To our knowledge, no prospective study has evaluated the effect of nut consumption on esophageal and gastric cancers.Objective: The objective was to evaluate the associations between nut and peanut butter consumption and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancers and their different subtypes...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768579/untargeted-metabolomics-of-fresh-and-heat-treatment-tiger-nut-cyperus-esculentus-l-milks-reveals-further-insight-into-food-quality-and-nutrition
#16
Josep Rubert, Andoni Monforte, Kamila Hurkova, Gaspar Pérez-Martínez, Jesús Blesa, José L Navarro, Milena Stranka, José Miguel Soriano, Jana Hajslova
Tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus L.) is a crop traditionally grown in Valencia Region (Spain) and other temperate and tropical regions in the world, where its tubers are commonly consumed as tiger nut milk (horchata). Because of their nutritive potential and original taste, these products are beginning to spread internationally and, as consequence, analytical procedures to assess nutritional profiles, quality control issues are acquiring increasing relevance. The main objective of this study was to use an advance analytical method and chemometrics tools to determine if the ultra-high temperature (UHT) treatment necessary to extend the shelf life of tiger nut milk would affect the profile of nutrients when compared to fresh product...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768296/dietary-pattern-and-colonic-diverticulosis
#17
Antonio Tursi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the role of dietary pattern on the occurrence of colonic diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis. RECENT FINDINGS: High-fiber diet does not prevent diverticulosis occurrence, and results about prevention/treatment of diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis are still conflicting.No association was seen between nut, corn or popcorn consumption and occurrence of diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764204/buccal-mucosa-carcinoma-a-comparative-relative-risk-analysis-between-tobacco-and-non-tobacco-users
#18
Ramasamy Padma, Amitkumar Kalaivani, Sathish Paulraj, Sivapatham Sundaresan
INTRODUCTION: In South India, buccal mucosa carcinoma is common cancer due to widespread use of tobacco in different form. Recently, areca nut (non tobacco) chewing habits have increased among young adults resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Thus, there is need to understand role of aetiology and risk of disease. AIM: To analyse relative risk of tobacco users and non tobacco users in buccal mucosa carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective comparative study was conducted in Regional Cancer Centre, Kanchipuram, between 2013 and 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764069/effects-of-pulsed-electric-field-on-intracellular-antioxidant-activity-and-antioxidant-enzyme-regulating-capacities-of-pine-nut-pinus-koraiensis-peptide-qdhch-in-hepg2-cells
#19
Rong Liang, Zuoming Zhang, Songyi Lin
Effects of pulse electric field (PEF) on antioxidant activity of pine nut (Pinus koraiensis) peptide were discussed using H2O2-induced HepG2 cells and changes of peptide structures were measured by MIR, NMR and CD spectra. Using HPLC-MS/MS, a novel peptide was identified as QDHCH. After PEF treatment the DPPH and ABTS radical inhibition, and CAA values of QDHCH were increased to 85.13%±0.17%, 95.45%±0.12%, and 4670.10μmol of quercetin equivalents/100g. The PEF-treated QDHCH has better protective oxidative stress inhibitory of 74...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763138/the-use-of-a-mini-grasping-basket-forceps-for-foreign-body-removal-in-pediatric-patients
#20
Atsushi Hata, Takahiro Nakajima, Kota Ohashi, Terunaga Inage, Kazuhisa Tanaka, Yuichi Sakairi, Hironobu Wada, Taiki Fujiwara, Hidemi Suzuki, Takekazu Iwata, Ichiro Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Appropriate device selection is crucial for endobronchial foreign body removal using a bronchoscope. In pediatric patients, bronchoscopy requires the use of a thin device due to the narrow access to the airway, limiting the range of useful endobronchial devices. We herein review our experience in endobronchial foreign body removal with a focus on the type of bronchoscope and the instruments used in comparison with the previously published literature and investigate the utility of mini grasping basket forceps (FG-55D, Olympus(®) and Zero Tip(™) Airway Retrieval Basket, Boston Scientific(®) )...
August 1, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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