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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792315/genomic-variation-among-and-within-six-juglans-species
#1
Kristian A Stevens, Keith Woeste, Sandeep Chakraborty, Marc W Crepeau, Charles A Leslie, Pedro J Martínez-García, Daniela Puiu, Jeanne Romero-Severson, Mark Coggeshall, Abhaya M Dandekar, Daniel Kluepfel, David B Neale, Steven L Salzberg, Charles H Langley
Genomic analysis in Juglans (walnuts) is expected to transform the breeding and agricultural production of both nuts and lumber. To that end, we report here the determination of reference sequences for six additional relatives of Juglans regia : Juglans sigillata (also from section Dioscaryon ), Juglans nigra , Juglans microcarpa, Juglans hindsii (from section Rhysocaryon ) , Juglans cathayensis (from section Cardiocaryon ), and the closely related Pterocarya stenoptera. While these are 'draft' genomes, ranging in size between 640Mbp and 990Mbp, their contiguities and accuracies can support powerful annotations of genomic variation that are often the foundation of new avenues of research and breeding...
May 23, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791454/development-and-validation-of-a-short-food-questionnaire-to-screen-for-low-protein-intake-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-protein-screener-55-pro55
#2
Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Liset E M Elstgeest, Henrica C W de Vet, Mary Nicolaou, Marieke B Snijder, Marjolein Visser
In old age, sufficient protein intake is important to preserve muscle mass and function. Around 50% of older adults (65+ y) consumes ≤1.0 g/kg adjusted body weight (BW)/day (d). There is no rapid method available to screen for low protein intake in old age. Therefore, we aimed to develop and validate a short food questionnaire to screen for low protein intake in community-dwelling older adults. We used data of 1348 older men and women (56-101 y) of the LASA study (the Netherlands) to develop the questionnaire and data of 563 older men and women (55-71 y) of the HELIUS study (the Netherlands) for external validation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791197/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-determinants-of-self-perceived-health-among-portuguese-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#3
Violeta Alarcão, Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Paulo Nicola, Osvaldo Santos, João Gorjão-Clara
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived health declines with age, varies by gender and is a predictor of mortality, morbidity, physical and psychological functioning. However, gender differences in health and illness perception are complex and not yet fully understood. This study aimed to explore gender-related differences in psychosocial determinants of self-perceived health among older adults living in nursing homes. METHOD: Nationwide face-to-face survey of the Portuguese population aged 65 and over...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789878/nuts-as-a-replacement-for-carbohydrates-in-the-diabetic-diet-a-reanalysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
David J A Jenkins, Cyril W C Kendall, Benoît Lamarche, Monica S Banach, Korbua Srichaikul, Edward Vidgen, Sandy Mitchell, Tina Parker, Stephanie Nishi, Balachandran Bashyam, Russell J de Souza, Christopher Ireland, Sathish C Pichika, Joseph Beyene, John L Sievenpiper, Robert G Josse
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In line with current advice, we assessed the effect of replacing carbohydrate consumption with mixed nut consumption, as a source of unsaturated fat, on cardiovascular risk factors and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes. The data presented here are from a paper that was retracted at the authors' request ( https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-rt02 ) owing to lack of adjustment for repeated measures in the same individual. Our aim, therefore, was to fix the error and add new complementary data of interest, including information on clotting factors and LDL particle size...
May 23, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788484/an-e-liquid-flavor-wheel-a-shared-vocabulary-based-on-systematically-reviewing-e-liquid-flavor-classifications-in-literature
#5
Erna Johanna Zegerina Krüsemann, Sanne Boesveldt, Kees de Graaf, Reinskje Talhout
Introduction: E-liquids are available in a high variety of flavors. A systematic classification of e-liquid flavors is necessary to increase comparability of research results. In the food, alcohol and fragrance industry, flavors are classified using flavor wheels. We systematically reviewed literature on flavors related to e-cigarette use, to investigate how e-liquid flavors have been classified in research, and propose an e-liquid flavor wheel to classify e-liquids based on marketing descriptions...
May 18, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787353/survey-of-roasted-street-vended-nuts-in-sierra-leone-for-toxic-metabolites-of-fungal-origin
#6
Julius I N Sombie, Chibundu N Ezekiel, Michael Sulyok, Kolawole I Ayeni, Felixtina Jonsyn-Ellis, Rudolf Krska
Consumption of mycotoxin contaminated foodstuffs is common in regions where foods are not adequately controlled and routinely monitored, and this could have adverse effects on the health of consumers. In this study, 100 samples of roasted nuts (50 cashew nuts and 50 peanuts) vended within two cities of Sierra Leone were analyzed for mycotoxins and other microbial metabolites by a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method. The peanut samples contained detectable levels of 17 microbial metabolites, including aflatoxins B1 , B2 , G1 and G2 , and alternariol, whilst none of these metabolites were found in the cashew samples...
May 22, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776910/the-bet-inhibitor-birabresib-is-safe-in-patients-with-solid-tumors
#7
(no author information available yet)
Birabresib achieved partial responses in 3 of 10 patients with NUT midline carcinoma.
May 18, 2018: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775432/estimating-usual-dietary-in-take-from-national-health-and-nut-rition-examination-survey-data-using-the-national-cancer-institute-method
#8
Kristen A Herrick, Lauren M Rossen, Ruth Parsons, Kevin W Dodd
Dietary recommendations are intended to be met based on dietary intake over long periods, as associations between diet and health result from habitual intake, not a single eating occasion or day of intake. Measuring usual intake directly is impractical for large population-based surveys due to the respondent burden associated with reporting habitual intake over longer periods. Therefore, analytical techniques were developed to estimate usual intake using as few as 2 days of 24-hour dietary recall data. With National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, this report demonstrates how to estimate usual intake using the National Cancer Institute (NCI)...
February 2018: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773192/total-content-and-in-vitro-bioaccessibility-of-tellurium-in-brazil-nuts
#9
Otávio Berenguel, Gustavo de S Pessôa, Marco A Z Arruda
Alongside the Brazil nut's role as an excellent source of vitamins, oil, fatty acids, lipids and nutrients, it is also recognized as a rich source of selenium. The pathway along which selenium and sulfur are metabolized in plants is theorized to be the same as that used for tellurium. Total tellurium content and its bioaccessibility are then evaluated by ICP-MS. Interferences and sample preparation are evaluated for the accurate determination of tellurium, and the accuracy determined through analysis of the certified reference material 1643e...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769374/better-diet-quality-relates-to-larger-brain-tissue-volumes-the-rotterdam-study
#10
Pauline H Croll, Trudy Voortman, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour, Daniel Bos, Meike W Vernooij
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation of diet quality with structural brain tissue volumes and focal vascular lesions in a dementia-free population. METHODS: From the population-based Rotterdam Study, 4,447 participants underwent dietary assessment and brain MRI scanning between 2005 and 2015. We excluded participants with an implausible energy intake, prevalent dementia, or cortical infarcts, leaving 4,213 participants for the current analysis. A diet quality score (0-14) was calculated reflecting adherence to Dutch dietary guidelines...
May 16, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762522/dietary-pattern-and-plasma-bcaa-variations-in-healthy-men-and-women-results-from-the-karmen-study
#11
Benedikt Merz, Lara Frommherz, Manuela J Rist, Sabine E Kulling, Achim Bub, Bernhard Watzl
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in plasma are discussed as risk factors for the onset of several diseases. Information about the contribution of the overall diet to plasma BCAA concentrations is controversial. Our objective was to investigate which dietary pattern is associated with plasma BCAA concentrations and whether other additional nutrients besides BCAA further characterize this dietary pattern. Based on the cross-sectional KarMeN study, fasting plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations, as well as current and habitual dietary intake were assessed in 298 healthy individuals...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758544/conduct-and-reporting-of-acceptability-attitudes-beliefs-and-experiences-of-pregnant-women-in-randomised-trials-on-diet-and-lifestyle-interventions-a-systematic-review
#12
E Adela A Hamilton, Ann K Nowell, Angela Harden, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the conduct and reporting of views of pregnant women on the acceptability, attitudes, beliefs and their experiences in randomised trials on diet and lifestyle interventions. STUDY DESIGN: We undertook a systematic review of literature of randomised trials identified from our previous search in major electronic databases (until February 2017) without language restrictions. We included trials on diet and lifestyle interventions that reported acceptability, attitudes, beliefs and experiences of pregnant women...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758191/an-atypical-infection-of-esophagus-mimicking-malignancy
#13
Ssu-Han Wang, Cheng-Kuan Lin, Yu-Chen Chang, Tzong-Hsi Lee, Chen-Shuan Chung
A 49-year-old man, who was an outdoor builder, had habitual consumption of cigarette, alcohol, and betel nut. He had dysphagia and hoarseness, accompanied with a weight loss of about 5 to 6 kg within 6 months. His esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) (GIF-Q260, Olympus Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) demonstrated numerous granular lesions with some erosions and ulcers, mainly distributed at the middle to lower esophagus as seen by white-light imaging.
May 11, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757010/a-quantitative-risk-assessment-of-human-salmonellosis-from-consumption-of-pistachios-in-the-united-states
#14
Sofia M Santillana Farakos, Régis Pouillot, Gordon R Davidson, Rhoma Johnson, Judith Spungen, Insook Son, Nathan Anderson, Jane M VAN Doren
We developed a quantitative risk assessment model to assess the risk of human nontyphoidal salmonellosis from consumption of pistachios in the United States and to evaluate the impact of Salmonella treatments (1- to 5-log reductions). The exposure model estimating prevalence and contamination levels of Salmonella at consumption included steps in pistachio processing such as transport from grower to huller, removal of the hull through wet abrasion, separation of pistachio floaters (immature, smaller nuts) and sinkers (mature, larger nuts) in a flotation tank, drying, storage, and partitioning...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756579/recent-changes-in-the-management-of-patients-with-food-allergy-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-a-dietitian-s-perspective
#15
Rachel de Boer, Ruth Chalmers
It is has been suggested that the prevalence of food allergy has increased over the last few decades with estimates now suggesting between 3.9-8% of children are food allergic (Kattan, 2016). Studies also suggest that rates of food allergy resolution are slowing, meaning more children are remaining allergic for longer (Sicherer et al, 2014). The mainstay of food allergy management is dietary exclusion of known food allergen/s. Exclusion diets are frequently difficult for patients and their families to manage and the literature highlights that they impact negatively on quality of life (Valentine et al, 2011) ...
May 14, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755783/erratum-to-updated-survival-outcomes-and-analysis-of-long-term-survivors-from-the-more-study-on-safety-and-efficacy-of-radioembolization-in-patients-with-unresectable-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#16
Andrew Kennedy, Michael Cohn, Douglas M Coldwell, Alain Drooz, Eduardo Ehrenwald, Adeel Kaiser, Charles W Nutting, Steven C Rose, Eric A Wang, Michael A Savin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/jgo.2017.03.10.].
April 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755274/nut-carcinoma-of-the-sinonasal-tract-infiltrating-the-orbit-in-a-man-with-birdshot-chorioretinitis
#17
Wesley Chan, Martin J Bullock, Arif F Samad, Curtis W Archibald, J Godfrey Heathcote
A 48-year-old man with a history of birdshot chorioretinitis presented with blurry vision, retro-bulbar pain and sinusitis. Though visual acuity was unaffected, he had left optic disc oedema and mild restriction of left eye abduction. His symptoms progressed quickly, with diplopia in primary gaze, epistaxis from his left nostril, and a left relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD). On computed tomography, there was a mass in the nasal cavity that extended through the left cribriform plate and lamina papyracea and posteriorly into the optic canal...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753249/uncertainties-and-implications-of-applying-aggregated-data-for-spatial-modelling-of-atmospheric-ammonia-emissions
#18
S Hellsten, U Dragosits, C J Place, A J Dore, Y S Tang, M A Sutton
Ammonia emissions vary greatly at a local scale, and effects (eutrophication, acidification) occur primarily close to sources. Therefore it is important that spatially distributed emission estimates are located as accurately as possible. The main source of ammonia emissions is agriculture, and therefore agricultural survey statistics are the most important input data to an ammonia emission inventory alongside per activity estimates of emission potential. In the UK, agricultural statistics are collected at farm level, but are aggregated to parish level, NUTS-3 level or regular grid resolution for distribution to users...
May 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753234/effect-of-short-term-hazelnut-consumption-on-dna-damage-and-oxidized-ldl-in-children-and-adolescents-with-primary-hyperlipidemia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Federica Guaraldi, Valeria Deon, Cristian Del Bo', Stefano Vendrame, Marisa Porrini, Patrizia Riso, Ornella Guardamagna
Children with primary hyperlipidemia are prone to develop premature atherosclerosis, possibly associated with increased oxidative stress. Nutritional therapy is the primary strategy in the treatment of hyperlipidemia and associated conditions. Dietary interventions with bioactive-rich foods, such as nuts, may contribute to the modulation of both lipid profile and the oxidative/antioxidant status. Our study aimed to assess the impact of a dietary intervention with hazelnuts on selected oxidative stress markers in children and adolescents with primary hyperlipidemia...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752320/rediagnosis-of-lung-cancer-as-nut-midline-carcinoma-based-on-clues-from-tumor-genomic-profiling
#20
Alexander S Baras, Jarushka Naidoo, Christine L Hann, Peter B Illei, Charles W Reninger, Josh Lauring
Tumor DNA sequencing can identify rare driver genomic alterations that suggest targets for cancer therapy, even when these drivers cannot be suspected on clinical grounds. In some cases, genomic alterations identified in the tumor can lead to a change in diagnosis with implications for prognosis and therapy. This report describes a case in which evaluation of tumor sequencing results by a molecular tumor board (MTB) led to rediagnosis of a non-small cell lung cancer as highly aggressive NUT midline carcinoma, with implications for targeted therapy using an investigational bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) inhibitor...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
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