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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145953/eat-nuts-live-longer
#1
EDITORIAL
Emilio Ros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145952/nut-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Xiaoran Liu, Vasanti S Malik, Qi Sun, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson, Kathryn M Rexrode, Yanping Li, Frank B Hu, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju
BACKGROUND: The associations between specific types of nuts, specifically peanuts and walnuts, and cardiovascular disease remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to analyze the associations between the intake of total and specific types of nuts and cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke risk. METHODS: The authors included 76,364 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1980 to 2012), 92,946 women from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991 to 2013), and 41,526 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986 to 2012) who were free of cancer, heart disease, and stroke at baseline...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143786/dietary-factors-associated-with-plasma-thyroid-peroxidase-and-thyroglobulin-antibodies
#3
Antonela Matana, Vesela Torlak, Dubravka Brdar, Marijana Popović, Bernarda Lozić, Maja Barbalić, Vesna Boraska Perica, Ante Punda, Ozren Polašek, Caroline Hayward, Tatijana Zemunik
The knowledge about dietary habits and their influence in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease is insufficient. The aim of this study was to analyse the association of dietary factors and plasma thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) and/or thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab). The study enrolled 1887 participants originating from the South Croatia. Participants with elevated plasma TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab were defined as cases (n = 462) and those with TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab within referent values were defined as controls (n = 1425)...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#4
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143095/areca-nut-chewing-is-associated-with-common-mental-disorders-a-population-based-study
#5
Tzu-Yu Lin, Huan-Cheng Chang, Kuang-Hung Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Forms of habitual substance use including cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption have been documented as risk factors of common mental disorders (CMDs). The effects of areca nut chewing on biophysiological tests, metabolic syndromes, and liver function have been reported previously; however, the relationship between areca nut chewing and CMDs remains unclear. This study examined the association between areca nut chewing and CMDs and explored the relationships between areca nut chewing and biophysiological indicators...
November 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141965/food-groups-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#6
REVIEW
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Violetta Andriolo, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation of the intakes of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the risk of hypertension. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically until June 2017 for prospective studies having quantitatively investigated the above-mentioned foods. We conducted meta-analysis on the highest compared with the lowest intake categories and linear and nonlinear dose-response meta-analyses to analyze the association...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141541/ellagic-acid-a-logical-lead-for-drug-development
#7
Abolfazl Shakeri, Mohammad Reza Zirak, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: Naturally occurring polyphenols are the subject of increasing attention due to their potent antioxidant activity and their marked effects on the prevention of various oxidative stress-associated diseases such as cancer. Ellagic acid (EA) is an herbal polyphenol that is structurally a condensed dimer of gallic acid. METHODS: This review aims to provide a comprehensive and updated overview on the biological activities of EA and potential therapeutic applications...
November 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140656/an-analysis-of-%C3%A2-natural%C3%A2-food-litigation-to-build-a-sesame-allergy-consumer-class-action
#8
Dana Shaker
In a world where food allergy is still an incurable disease, law and regulation stand as necessary mechanisms to provide food-allergic consumers with the information they need to protect their health. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 provided specific labeling requirements for the “Top Eight” allergens in the U.S.: milk, soy, gluten, egg, tree nut, peanut, fish, and Crustacean shellfish. Since then, sesame has become more prevalent as an allergen and remains just as dangerous, inducing anaphylactic shock in some sesame-allergic individuals...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139048/high-adherence-to-the-western-prudent-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-mcc-spain-study
#9
Adela Castelló, Nerea Fernández de Larrea, Vicente Martín, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Elena Boldo, Marcela Guevara, Víctor Moreno, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Rosana Peiró, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Rocio Capelo, Carmen Navarro, Silvino Pacho-Valbuena, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Nuria Aragonés
BACKGROUND: The influence of dietary habits on the development of gastric adenocarcinoma is not clear. The objective of the present study was to explore the association of three previously identified dietary patterns with gastric adenocarcinoma by sex, age, cancer site, and morphology. METHODS: MCC-Spain is a multicase-control study that included 295 incident cases of gastric adenocarcinoma and 3040 controls. The association of the Western, Prudent, and Mediterranean dietary patterns-derived in another Spanish case-control study-with gastric adenocarcinoma was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models with random province-specific intercepts and considering a possible interaction with sex and age...
November 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128692/coast-cisplatin-ototoxicity-attenuated-by-aspirin-trial-a-phase-ii-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-to-establish-if-aspirin-reduces-cisplatin-induced-hearing-loss
#10
Simon J Crabb, Karen Martin, Julia Abab, Ian Ratcliffe, Roger Thornton, Ben Lineton, Mary Ellis, Ronald Moody, Louise Stanton, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Thomas Geldart, Mike Bayne, Joe Davies, Carolynn Lamb, Sanjay Popat, Johnathan K Joffe, Chris Nutting, John Chester, Andrew Hartley, Gareth Thomas, Christian Ottensmeier, Robert Huddart, Emma King
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is one of the most ototoxic chemotherapy drugs, resulting in a permanent and irreversible hearing loss in up to 50% of patients. Cisplatin and gentamicin are thought to damage hearing through a common mechanism, involving reactive oxygen species in the inner ear. Aspirin has been shown to minimise gentamicin-induced ototoxicity. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that aspirin could also reduce ototoxicity from cisplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 94 patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for multiple cancer types were recruited into a phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and randomised in a ratio of 1:1 to receive aspirin 975 mg tid and omeprazole 20 mg od, or matched placebos from the day before, to 2 days after, their cisplatin dose(s), for each treatment cycle...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127694/nut-co-reactivity-acquiring-knowledge-for-elimination-recommendations-nut-cracker-study
#11
Arnon Elizur, Michael Y Appel, Liat Nachshon, Michael B Levy, Naama Epstein-Rigby, Keren Golobov, Michael Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Ambiguities exist regarding the diagnosis of tree-nut allergy, necessitating either elimination or performance of oral food challenges (OFC). OBJECTIVE: To examine the co-incidences of allergies among tree-nuts and improve diagnostic testing to minimize the need for OFC. METHODS: Eighty three patients prospectively evaluated for walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, hazelnut and almond allergy. A history of previous reactions was obtained and standardized skin prick tests (SPT) using finely ground tree-nut solution and basophil activation tests (BAT) were performed...
November 11, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125581/occurrence-of-polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins-and-dibenzofurans-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-fruit-and-vegetables-from-the-land-of-fires-area-of-southern-italy
#12
Mauro Esposito, Antonella De Roma, Stefania Cavallo, Gianfranco Diletti, Loredana Baldi, Giampiero Scortichini
The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-concentrations dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) (PCDD/Fs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in fruit and vegetables collected in farms located in the well-known "Land of Fires" area of Southern Italy, in an effort to learn more about the environmental pollution of this high-risk area due to illegal waste dumping and uncontrolled burning near cultivated fields. Concentrations were in the range 0.011-2.26 ng g(-1) for the six "indicator" non-dioxin-like PCBs (NDL-PCBs), and 0...
November 10, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124385/tea-and-coffee-consumption-in-relation-to-glioma-a-case-control-study
#13
Hanieh Malmir, Mehdi Shayanfar, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Hadi Tabibi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
PURPOSE: Data on the link between tea and coffee consumption and risk of glioma are controversial. We aimed to examine the association between tea and coffee consumption and glioma in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 128 pathologically confirmed new cases of glioma and 256 age- and sex-matched controls. Dietary intakes of study participants including tea and coffee consumption was assessed using the validated Block-format 123-item semi-quantitative FFQ...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124097/safety-data-on-single-application-of-emu-and-macadamia-nut-oil-on-human-skin
#14
Tadayoshi Miyashita, Ryosuke Koizumi, Yoshimasa Sagane, Kazuhiro Minami, Minoru Ito, Toshihiro Watanabe, Koichi Niwa
This data article provides the results of skin sensitization testing for emu and macadamia nut oil on 20 participants (ages 22-59 years old), including 3 men and 17 women. The test was carried out by performing a standard patch test using a Finn Chamber on Scanpor tape. The oils were applied to the participant's back using the tape and left in place for 24 h. After 1- and 24-h from removal of the tape, the reaction of the participant's skin was judged based on a scoring method recommended by Japanese Patch Test Research Group...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123993/prevalence-of-areca-nut-chewing-habit-among-high-school-children-of-parsa-district-of-nepal
#15
Sartaj Singh Wazir, Pallak Arora, Shalini Kapoor, Raviraj Jayam, Sugandha Sharma, Trisha Rastogi
Aim: Consumption of areca nut products among school going children has become very common social evil in some areas of Nepal especially adjoining the Indian subcontinent. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of areca nut chewing habit among high school children in Terai belt of Nepal. The use of areca nut has become indigenous in this part and is being used by itself and in various formulations. The regular use of areca nut has been recognized as being carcinogenic to humans...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120831/epidemiology-of-areca-betel-nut-use-in-the-mariana-islands-findings-from-the-university-of-guam-university-of-hawai-i-cancer-center-partnership-program
#16
Yvette C Paulino, Eric L Hurwitz, Joanne C Ogo, Tristan C Paulino, Ashley B Yamanaka, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Mary Jane Miller, Neal A Palafox
BACKGROUND: Areca (betel) nut is considered a Group 1 human carcinogen shown to be associated with other chronic diseases in addition to cancer. This paper describes the areca (betel) nut chewing trend in Guam, and health behaviors of chewers in Guam and Saipan. METHODS: The areca (betel) nut module in the Guam Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey was used to calculate the 5-year (2011-2015) chewing trend. To assess the association between areca (betel) nut chewing and health risks in the Mariana Islands, a cross-section of 300 chewers, ≥18years old, were recruited from households in Guam and Saipan...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120830/areca-betel-nut-chewing-practices-of-adults-and-health-behaviors-of-their-children-in-the-freely-associated-states-micronesia-findings-from-the-children-s-healthy-living-chl-program
#17
Yvette C Paulino, Reynolette Ettienne, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Moria Shomour, Cecilia Sigrah, Shelley D Remengesau, Emihner L Johnson, Julia M Alfred, Daisy F Gilmatam
BACKGROUND: Chewing areca (betel) nut has been deemed carcinogenic. The practice has become a public health concern in Micronesia. The Children's Healthy Living (CHL) Program included an areca (betel) nut questionnaire in a survey of household characteristics in the Freely Associated States (FAS). This paper describes areca (betel) nut chewing practices of adults and the health behaviors of their children. METHODS: A cross-section of 1200 children (2-8 year-olds) and their caregivers in Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Republic of Palau, Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), and Yap were recruited...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120829/risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-the-breast-cancer-risk-model-study-of-guam-and-saipan
#18
Rachael T Leon Guerrero, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Marie Chong, Kami K White, Yurii B Shvetsov, Arielle Buyum, Grazyna Badowski, Michelle Blas-Laguaña
BACKGROUND: Chamorro Pacific Islanders in the Mariana Islands have breast cancer incidence rates similar to, but mortality rates higher than, those of U.S. women. As breast cancer risk factors of women of the Mariana Islands may be unique because of ethnic and cultural differences, we studied established and suspected risk factors for breast cancer in this unstudied population. METHODS: From 2010-2013, we conducted retrospective case-control study of female breast cancer (104 cases and 185 controls) among women in the Mariana Islands...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120826/cancer-in-guam-and-hawaii-a-comparison-of-two-u-s-island-populations
#19
Brenda Y Hernandez, Renata A Bordallo, Michael D Green, Robert L Haddock
BACKGROUND: Cancer disparities within and across populations provide insight into the influence of lifestyle, environment, and genetic factors on cancer risk. METHODS: Guam cancer incidence and mortality were compared to that of Hawaii using data from their respective population-based, central cancer registries. RESULTS: In 2009-2013, overall cancer incidence was substantially lower in Guam than in Hawaii for both sexes while overall cancer mortality was higher for Guam males...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119715/glabridin-inhibits-the-activation-of-myofibroblasts-in-human-fibrotic-buccal-mucosal-fibroblasts-through-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling
#20
Ping-Hui Lee, Pei-Ming Chu, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Hui-Wen Yang, Pin Ju Chueh, Yu-Feng Huang, Yi-Wen Liao, Cheng-Chia Yu
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) has been recognized as one of the oral potentially malignant disorders. Areca nut chewing is implicated in this pathological fibrosis, and it causes chronic inflammation and persistent activation of myofibroblasts. As yet, existing treatments only provide temporary symptomatic relief and there is a lack of an effective intervention to cure OSF. Therefore, development of approaches to ameliorate myofibroblast activities becomes a crucial objective to prevent the malignant progression of OSF...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
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