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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919130/the-nuts-and-bolts-of-cognitive-remediation-exploring-how-different-training-components-relate-to-cognitive-and-functional-gains
#1
Matteo Cella, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Remediation (CR) is an evidence based treatment targeting cognitive and functional difficulties in people with psychosis. Despite the large number of effectiveness studies, only limited evidence exists for the active ingredients of this therapy. This study begins to fill this gap by exploring the relationship between CR ingredients, including alliance with a therapist, and therapy outcomes. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis based on data from a published randomised controlled trial comparing CR+treatment-as-usual (TAU) to TAU alone...
September 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916568/perspective-the-paradox-in-dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-research-the-source-of-the-serum-and-urinary-advanced-glycation-end-products-is-the-intestines-not-the-food
#2
Luanne R DeChristopher
Inconsistent research results have impeded our understanding of the degree to which dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs) contribute to chronic disease. Early research suggested that Western-style fast foods, including grilled and broiled meats and French fries, contain high levels of proinflammatory advanced glycation end products (AGEs). However, recent studies with state-of-the-art ultraperformance LC-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) found that there is no evidence that these foods have elevated levels of dAGEs relative to other foods...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916567/perspective-an-extension-of-the-strobe-statement-for-observational-studies-in-nutritional-epidemiology-strobe-nut-explanation-and-elaboration
#3
Agneta Hörnell, Christina Berg, Elisabet Forsum, Christel Larsson, Emily Sonestedt, Agneta Åkesson, Carl Lachat, Dana Hawwash, Patrick Kolsteren, Graham Byrnes, Willem De Keyzer, John Van Camp, Janet E Cade, Darren C Greenwood, Nadia Slimani, Myriam Cevallos, Matthias Egger, Inge Huybrechts, Elisabet Wirfält
Nutritional epidemiology is an inherently complex and multifaceted research area. Dietary intake is a complex exposure and is challenging to describe and assess, and links between diet, health, and disease are difficult to ascertain. Consequently, adequate reporting is necessary to facilitate comprehension, interpretation, and generalizability of results and conclusions. The STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement is an international and collaborative initiative aiming to enhance the quality of reporting of observational studies...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914660/mediterranean-diet-impact-on-cardiovascular-diseases-a-narrative-review
#4
Anna V Mattioli, Pasquale Palmiero, Olivia Manfrini, Paolo E Puddu, Savina Nodari, Alessandra Dei Cas, Giuseppe Mercuro, Domenico Scrutinio, Pietro Palermo, Susanna Sciomer, Simona Di Francesco, Giuseppina Novo, Salvatore Novo, Roberto F E Pedretti, Annapaola Zito, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pedrinelli, Alberto Farinetti, Maria Maiello, Federica Moscucci, Raffaele L Tenaglia, Vincenzo Sucato, Marco Triggiani, Lucia Cugusi, Pietro Scicchitano, Pier S Saba, Marco M Ciccone
: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more than 17 million deaths per year worldwide. It has been estimated that the influence of lifestyle on CVD mortality amounts to 13.7% for smoking, 13.2% for poor diet, and 12% for inactive lifestyle. These results deeply impact both the healthy status of individuals and their skills in working. The impact of CVD on productivity loss accounts for the 24% in total costs for CVD management.Mediterranean diet (MedD) can positively impact on natural history of CVD. It is characterized by a relatively high consumption of inexpensive and genuine food such as cereals, vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, fresh fruits, and olive oil as the principal source of fat, low meat consumption and low-to-moderate consumption of milk, dairy products, and wine...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903773/nutritional-quality-of-meals-and-snacks-assessed-by-the-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system-in-relation-to-overall-diet-quality-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-british-adults
#5
Kentaro Murakami
BACKGROUND: Studies examining meal and snack eating behaviors in relation to overall diet and health markers are limited, at least partly because there is no definitive consensus about what constitutes a snack, a meal, or an eating occasion. This cross-sectional study examined how nutritional quality of meals and snacks is associated with overall diet quality, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. METHODS: Based on 7-d weighed dietary record data, all eating occasions were divided into meals or snacks based on time (meals: 0600-1000, 1200-1500, and 1800-2100 h; snacks: others) or contribution to energy intake (EI) (meals: ≥15%; snacks: <15%) in 1451 British adults aged 19-64 years participating in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
September 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902859/effects-of-roasting-on-kernel-peroxide-value-free-fatty-acid-fatty-acid-composition-and-crude-protein-content
#6
Shahla Hosseini Bai, Ian Darby, Tio Nevenimo, Godfrey Hannet, Dalsie Hannet, Matthew Poienou, Elektra Grant, Peter Brooks, David Walton, Bruce Randall, Helen M Wallace
Roasting nuts may alter their chemical composition leading to changes in their health benefits. However, the presence of testa may alleviate the negative effects of thermal treatments. Hence, this study aimed to explore the effects of roasting on kernel chemical quality and colour development of Canarium indicum and examine to what extent testa would protect kernels against damage from roasting. Roasting decreased peroxide value but increased free fatty acid, probably due to increased cell destruction and lack of enzyme inactivation, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898655/plant-embryogenesis
#7
Sacco C de Vries, Dolf Weijers
Land plants are called 'embryophytes' and thus, their collective name is defined by their ability to form embryos. Indeed, embryogenesis is a widespread phenomenon in plants, and much of our diet is composed of embryos (just think of grains, beans or nuts; Figure 1). However, in addition to embryos as a source of nutrition, they are also a fascinating study object. Some of the most fundamental decisions on fate and identity, as well as patterning and morphogenesis, are taken during the first days of plant life...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894509/effects-of-polyphenol-intake-on-metabolic-syndrome-current-evidences-from-human-trials
#8
REVIEW
Gemma Chiva-Blanch, Lina Badimon
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors which severely increases the risk of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Several epidemiological studies have observed a negative association between polyphenol intake and MetS rates. Nevertheless, there are relatively small numbers of interventional studies evidencing this association. This review is focused on human interventional trials with polyphenols as polyphenol-rich foods and dietary patterns rich in polyphenols in patients with MetS...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890810/updated-survival-outcomes-and-analysis-of-long-term-survivors-from-the-more-study-on-safety-and-efficacy-of-radioembolization-in-patients-with-unresectable-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#9
Andrew Kennedy, Michael Cohn, Douglas M Coldwell, Alain Drooz, Eduardo Ehrenwald, Adeel Kaiser, Charles W Nutting, Steven C Rose, Eric A Wang, Michael A Savin
BACKGROUND: The Metastatic colorectal cancer liver metastases Outcomes after RadioEmbolization (MORE) study was a retrospective analysis of 606 patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases treated with radioembolization (RE) using (90)Y-labeled resin microspheres. The first analysis of this study was completed with a last patient follow-up of 77.7 months. We now provide an updated survival analysis through September 15, 2016, with a last patient follow-up of 125 months. METHODS: (90)Y-RE was considered for patients with advanced liver-only or liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer which was deemed not suitable for surgery, ablation, or systemic therapy, and which had progressed or become refractory to at least one line of systemic therapy...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888463/brazil-nuts-nutritional-composition-health-benefits-and-safety-aspects
#10
REVIEW
Bárbara R Cardoso, Graziela B Silva Duarte, Bruna Z Reis, Silvia M F Cozzolino
Brazil nuts are among the richest selenium food sources, and studies have considered this Amazonian nut as an alternative for selenium supplementation. Besides selenium, Brazil nuts present relevant content of other micronutrients such as magnesium, copper, and zinc. The nutritional composition of nuts, also characterized by adequate fatty acid profile and high content of protein and bioactive compounds, has many health benefits. In the present review, we examine the nutritional composition of Brazil nuts, comparing it with other nuts, and describe the relevance of possible contaminants and metal toxicants observed in this nut for human health...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888247/fatal-anaphylaxis-mortality-rate-and-risk-factors
#11
Paul J Turner, Elina Jerschow, Thisanayagam Umasunthar, Robert Lin, Dianne E Campbell, Robert J Boyle
Up to 5% of the US population has suffered anaphylaxis. Fatal outcome is rare, such that even for people with known venom or food allergy, fatal anaphylaxis constitutes less than 1% of total mortality risk. The incidence of fatal anaphylaxis has not increased in line with hospital admissions for anaphylaxis. Fatal drug anaphylaxis may be increasing, but rates of fatal anaphylaxis to venom and food are stable. Risk factors for fatal anaphylaxis vary according to cause. For fatal drug anaphylaxis, previous cardiovascular morbidity and older age are risk factors, with beta-lactam antibiotics, general anesthetic agents, and radiocontrast injections the commonest triggers...
September 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887684/plant-based-nutrition-an-essential-component-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Hena Patel, Sonal Chandra, Sarah Alexander, Jeffrey Soble, Kim Allan Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD...
September 8, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887662/coronary-artery-assessment-using-self-navigated-free-breathing-radial-whole-heart-magnetic-resonance-angiography-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Moritz H Albrecht, Akos Varga-Szemes, U Joseph Schoepf, Georg Apfaltrer, Jiaqian Xu, Kwang-Nam Jin, Anthony M Hlavacek, Shahryar M Chowdhury, Pal Suranyi, Christian Tesche, Carlo N De Cecco, Davide Piccini, Matthias Stuber, Giulia Ginami, Thomas J Vogl, Arni Nutting
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a self-navigated free-breathing three-dimensional (SNFB3D) radial whole-heart MRA technique for assessment of main coronary arteries (CAs) and side branches in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: SNFB3D-MRA datasets of 109 patients (20.1±11.8 years) were included. Three readers assessed the depiction of CA segments, diagnostic confidence in determining CA dominance, overall image quality and the ability to freeze cardiac and respiratory motion...
September 8, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885749/paediatric-food-induced-anaphylaxis-hospital-presentations-in-new-zealand
#14
Sophie Speakman, Bridget Kool, Jan Sinclair, Penny Fitzharris
AIM: Globally, rates of paediatric food-induced anaphylaxis (FIA) are increasing. Little data is available regarding the epidemiology of FIA among New Zealand (NZ) children. This study investigated the incidence of paediatric (0-14 years) FIA hospital presentations in NZ over a 10-year period. METHODS: Ministry of Health public hospital discharge data from 2006 to 2015 were analysed using FIA-related International Classification of Diseases codes (T78.0 - anaphylactic shock due to adverse food reaction and T78...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885553/deviation-of-chinese-adults-diet-from-the-chinese-food-pagoda-2016-and-its-association-with-adiposity
#15
Xu Tian, Yingying Huang, Hui Wang
Changing diet in China contributes to a raising prevalence of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the dietary status of Chinese adults (20-59 years old) using the China Food Pagoda (CFP) proposed in the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2016 (CDG), and investigate the association between adiposity and deviation of real diet from CFP using an ordered logistic regression. Results showed that the consumption of fruits, eggs, meat, and poultry increased significantly during 2004-2011, while the consumption of cereal, potatoes, and beans dropped down significantly during the same period (all p < 0...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883903/dietary-polyphenols-mediterranean-diet-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Jordi Merino, Qi Sun, Montse Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Dietary polyphenols come mainly from plant-based foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, coffee, tea, and nuts. Polyphenols may influence glycemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D) through different mechanisms, such as promoting the uptake of glucose in tissues, and therefore improving insulin sensitivity. This review aims to summarize the evidence from clinical trials and observational prospective studies linking dietary polyphenols to prediabetes and T2D, with a focus on polyphenol-rich foods characteristic of the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881055/individual-healthcare-plan-for-allergic-children%C3%A2-at-school-lessons-from-a-2015-2016-school-year-survey
#17
Guillaume Pouessel, Stépanie Lejeune, Marie-Pierre Dupond, Annie Renard, Camille Fallot, Antoine Deschildre
The Individual Healthcare Plan (IHP) was implemented in schools in France in 2003 to improve management of allergic children. Our objectives were to assess the practical aspects of IHP (excluding asthma) and allergic reactions occurring at school. METHODS: Prospective study conducted in the North Department (France) during the 2015/2016 school-year. Two questionnaires were developed: one for the school doctors (n=67) and one for the school principals (n=2372). RESULTS: Data from 336 (25%) of the 1325 IHPs (0...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875220/nut-consumption-in-relation-to-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-a-meta-analysis-18-prospective-studies
#18
Guo-Chong Chen, Ru Zhang, Miguel A Martínez-González, Zeng-Li Zhang, Marialaura Bonaccio, Rob M van Dam, Li-Qiang Qin
Several previous meta-analyses show a consistent inverse association between nut consumption and all-cause mortality, but the associations with cause-specific mortality remain uncertain. A recent meta-analysis on nut consumption and multiple health outcomes combined incidence and mortality outcomes across most of the analyses, which may have introduced heterogeneity across studies. We conducted an updated meta-analysis to evaluate the nut-mortality association. We searched PubMed and EMBASE and we contacted authors for additional data...
September 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872750/multi-centre-prospective-evaluation-of-the-seldinger-technique-for-difficult-male-urethral-catheter-insertions-by-non-urology-trained-doctors
#19
Yuigi Yuminaga, Jonathan Kam, Mark Louie-Johnsun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Seldinger technique by non-urology trained (NUT) doctors for difficult male indwelling urinary catheter (IDC) insertions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 115 patients and 57 participating NUT doctors were recruited by the urologist or urology registrar, when contacted in regards to failed IDC insertion. The successful passage of an IDC by the NUT doctors using the Seldinger technique with a straight, hydrophilic guidewire was assessed in our prospective, multicentre evaluation...
September 5, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871829/effects-of-high-hydrostatic-pressure-on-the-functional-and-rheological-properties-of-the-protein-fraction-extracted-from-pine-nuts
#20
Baiying Cao, Li Fang, Chunlei Liu, Weihong Min, Jingsheng Liu
High hydrostatic pressure treatments could increase the protein solubility (200 MPa), water holding capacity (400 MPa), and oil holding capacity (400 MPa) of pine nuts protein fractions, respectively. The exposed sufhydryl content for albumin was highest at 100 MPa while for other fractions it was 400 MPa, contrary for total sufhydryl content-generally it was at 100 MPa, except glutelin (400 MPa). Pine nuts protein fractions demonstrated the typical behavior of weak gels (G' > G″). After the treatments of high hydrostatic pressure the specific surface area of pine nuts protein particle was increased upon pressure, and the surface of protein became rough which increased the particle size...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
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