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children Serbia

I Colovic Calovski, A Barac, Z Golubovic, A Karamarkovic, S Mitrovic, M Milicevic, M Cvetkovic, A M Dzamic
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an endemic helminthic disease caused by infection with Echinococcus granulosus metacestodes. Although CE is endemic in the Balkan region, the exact epidemiology remains unknown. We conducted a case-series study with the aim of evaluating the correlation between seropositivity, socio-epidemiological data, pre-operative treatment with albendazole and viability of protoscolices in human hepatic hydatid cysts. Consecutive patients with hepatic CE underwent surgery to extract E. granulosis cysts...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma...
2017: Conflict and Health
Darko D Dželajlija, Slavica S Spasić, Jelena M Kotur-Stevuljevic, Nataša B Bogavac-Stanojevic
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease which starts early in life and depends on many factors, an important one being dyslipoproteinemia. According to several studies, atherosclerotic plaques or their precursors could be seen in children younger than 10 years. During later life, interaction with a sedentary way of life, as well as unhealthy nutrition, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and family history of cardiovascular disease cause the burden of atherosclerotic disease...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
Dario Novak, Lovro Štefan, Rebeka Prosoli, Arunas Emeljanovas, Brigita Mieziene, Ivana Milanović, Snežana Radisavljević-Janić
Little is known about the factors which might influence the adherence to a Mediterranean diet in non-Mediterranean European countries. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to determine the associations between socioeconomic, psychological, and physical factors on a Mediterranean diet. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 14-18-year-old adolescents (N = 3071) from two non-Mediterranean countries: Lithuania (N = 1863) and Serbia (N = 1208). The dependent variable was Mediterranean diet, and was assessed with the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents questionnaire...
February 22, 2017: Nutrients
Katarina Paunović, Branko Jakovljević
BACKGROUND: Blood-pressure-to-height ratio is considered a simple, accurate, inexpensive and non-age-dependent index for screening high blood pressure in a clinical setting, but its suitability in epidemiological surveys was not taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to test the suitability of blood-pressure-to-height ratio against blood pressure for age percentiles for the identification of high blood pressure in an environmental study. METHODS: The sample consisted of 2195 children, aged 3 to 15 years, whose blood pressure was measured as part of an environmental study in Belgrade, Serbia...
January 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Katharina Gerarts, Sabine Andresen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Fionna Klasen
Arrived in Germany: When Children Who have Fled Tell their Stories For this study, we listened to children who had fled with their families. We made a very conscious decision to focus on accompanied minors who have been displaced, because they go through the standard asylum system with their parent/guardian, which is why they often remain "invisible" as regards their own needs and their specific situation. We gave accompanied children who had fled a space where they could tell their stories and asked them to talk about their memories of their countries of origin, their experiences during their journey and on arrival in Germany, and their lives here, their concerns, but also their hopes and desires...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Simona Gabrielli, Suzana Tasić-Otašević, Aleksandra Ignjatović, Maurizio Fraulo, Marija Trenkić-Božinović, Stefan Momčilović, Gabriella Cancrini
We report data on the Toxocara seroprevalence evidenced in 2015 from samples of 40 children and 298 adults of the population living in different areas of Serbia, and on possible association of certain variables with infection. Detection of specific antibodies was performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; all ambiguous results and part of the positive and negative sera were further analyzed by confirmatory Western blot test. An overall 23.5% seroprevalence was noticed, which was confirmed in 13.0% of the examined population with no significant difference regarding the age (children = 10...
January 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Goran Cuturilo, Danijela Drakulic, Ida Jovanovic, Aleksandar Krstic, Milan Djukic, Dejan Skoric, Marija Mijovic, Igor Stefanovic, Milena Milivojevic, Milena Stevanovic
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of the 22q11.2 microdeletion among children who have at least two out of five major clinical criteria for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University Childrens Hospital in Belgrade, Serbia between 2005 and 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 57 patients with clinical characteristics of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. METHODS: Standard G-banding cytogenetic analysis was performed in all children, and the 22q11...
September 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Marija Kocic, Slavisa M Djuricic, Maja Djordjevic, Djordje Savic, Bozica Kecman, Adrijan Sarajlija
Almost any anatomical compartment may be involved in Gaucher disease (GD). Abdominal lymphadenopathy occurred during enzyme replacement therapy in more than a dozen children with GD so far. A fourteen-year-old boy from Serbia developed clinical signs of acute appendicitis six years after the onset of GD type 3 related abdominal lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound examination showed diffuse thickening of the intestinal wall in the ileocoecal region with periappendicular infiltration. An appendectomy was performed four months after conservative treatment with antibiotics...
September 30, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
Radovan Bogdanović, Dragana Lozanović, Milica Pejović Milovančević, Ljiljana Sokal Jovanović
The health care system in Serbia is based on a network of public health institutions funded by the National Health Insurance and from the state budget. Access to public health institutions is free. Preventive and curative services are provided at the local level in primary health care centers. Over the past 5-7 years, the number of pediatricians in primary health care centers decreased because of reduced number of applicants for pediatric training, which endangers the maintenance of the traditional model of pediatric care...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Gordana Randjelovic, Suzana Otasevic, Snezana Mladenovic-Antic, Vesna Mladenovic, Radmila Radovanovic-Velickovic, Marina Randjelovic, Dragan Bogdanovic
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus) is the etiological agent of perineal infection in children, consisting of perianal infection, vulvovaginitis and balanitis. If it is not properly diagnosed and treated, it can persist for many months and can cause severe complications. Furthermore, treatment with penicillin can be followed by failures and recurrences. METHODS: We report here the prevalence of S. pyogenes isolates in genital tract specimens from girls (n = 1692) with symptoms of vulvovaginitis and from boys (n = 52) with balanitis in the municipality of Nis, Southeast-Serbia (the Western Balkans) in a 10 year period, and the seasonal distribution, patient age and sensitivity to bacitracin and antimicrobial drugs used in the treatment of streptococcal infection...
September 16, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Visnja Djordjic, Snezana Radisavljevic, Ivana Milanovic, Predrag Bozic, Miljana Grbic, Jagoda Jorga, Sergej M Ostojic
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) is a public health program established in order to understand the progress of the obesity epidemic in young populations and gain inter-country comparisons within the European region, yet the data from a number of East European countries, including Serbia, were not available then. Therefore, the main aim of this cross-sectional study was to collect data about the prevalence of overweight and obesity among 6-9-year-old school children in Serbia according to the standardized protocol during the Fourth COSI Implementation Round...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Andjelka Ristivojević, Petra Lukić Djokić, Dragan Katanić, Dušanka Dobanovacki, Jadranka Jovanović Privrodski
BACKGROUND/AIM: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, congenital anomalies are all disorders of the organs or tissues, regardless of whether they are visible at birth or manifest in life, and are registered in the International Classification of Diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence and structure of prenatally detected and clinically manifested congenital anomalies in the newborns in the region of Novi Sad (Province of Vojvodina, Serbia) in the two distant years (1996 and 2006)...
May 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Maja D Jesić, Tatjana Milenković, Katarina Mitrović, Sladjana Todorović, Vera Zdravković, Milos M Jesić, Tatjana Bosnjović-Tucaković, Slavica Marković, Ivana Vorguin, Sandra Stanković, Silvija Sajić
RESULTS: The obtained results show that not all children test blood glucose levels at school (50% of children in the 6-10-year-old age group and 67.3% in the age group over 11 years) and that not all children receive insulin at school (81.1% vs. 18.9%, and 57.7% vs. 42.3%, respectively). The frequency of severe hypoglycemia was 2.7% in children and 3.3% in adolescents. A high proportion of teachers did not have diabetes training. CONCLUSION: This brief report about problems in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes at school in Serbia indicates what happens in the school setting and suggests how to improve control of this disease and facilitate the complete integration of children with diabetes at school...
March 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Ramush Bejiqi, Hana Bejiqi, Ragip Retkoceri
BACKGROUND: Obstruction to the left ventricular outflow of the heart may be above the aortic valve (5%), at the valve (74%), or in the subvalvar region (23%). These anomalies represent 3 to 6% of all patients with congenital heart defects (CHD), and it occurs more often in males (male-female ratio of 4:1). AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of transthoracic echocardiography in diagnosis of discrete subaortic membrane, to determine convenient time for surgical intervention, and for identifying involvement of the aortic valve by subaortic shelf...
March 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ulrich Heininger, Philippe André, Roman Chlibek, Zuzana Kristufkova, Kuulo Kutsar, Atanas Mangarov, Zsófia Mészner, Aneta Nitsch-Osuch, Vladimir Petrović, Roman Prymula, Vytautas Usonis, Dace Zavadska
We undertook an epidemiological survey of the annual incidence of pertussis reported from 2000 to 2013 in ten Central and Eastern European countries to ascertain whether increased pertussis reports in some countries share common underlying drivers or whether there are specific features in each country. The annual incidence of pertussis in the participating countries was obtained from relevant government institutions and/or national surveillance systems. We reviewed the changes in the pertussis incidence rates in each country to explore differences and/or similarities between countries in relation to pertussis surveillance; case definitions for detection and confirmation of pertussis; incidence and number of cases of pertussis by year, overall and by age group; population by year, overall and by age group; pertussis immunization schedule and coverage, and switch from whole-cell pertussis vaccines (wP) to acellular pertussis vaccines (aP)...
2016: PloS One
Marija Petrovic, Vladimir Vasic, Oliver Petrovic, Milena Santric-Milicevic
OBJECTIVES: To identify potential predictors of using only non-violent forms of discipline for children aged 2-14 years and of being against physical punishment among Roma and non-Roma parents/caregivers in Eastern European countries with similar cultural-historical backgrounds. METHODS: UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data collected in 2010-2011 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Serbia (total of 9973 respondents) were analysed using multivariate logistic regression modelling with receiver operating characteristic analysis...
June 2016: International Journal of Public Health
S Šumonja, M Jevtić
OBJECTIVES: Children's ability to recall and report dietary intake is affected by age and cognitive skills. Dietary intake reporting accuracy in children is associated with age, weight status, cognitive, behavioural, social factors and dietary assessment techniques. This study analysed accuracy of 7-10 year-old children's reported food intake for one day. STUDY DESIGN: Validation study. METHODS: Sample included 94 children aged 7-10 years (median = 9 years) from two elementary schools in a local community in Serbia...
September 2016: Public Health
Zeljka Stamenkovic, Bosiljka Djikanovic, Ulrich Laaser, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify the role of mother's education in the nutritional status of children aged 2-5 years in Serbia. DESIGN: Nationally representative population-based study. Age- and gender-specific BMI percentiles of children were analysed. In accordance with the WHO growth reference, children with BMI less than the 5th percentile were considered undernourished. Logistic regression was used to calculate the association between mother's education and other socio-economic determinants as possible confounders...
October 2016: Public Health Nutrition
J Dukanac Stamenkovic, M Steric, L Srbinovic, T Janjic, S Vrzic Petronijevic, M Petronijevic, A Cetkovic
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were as follows: to present the course and outcome of pregnancies complicated with fetal ventriculomegaly, determine the association between prenatal ultrasound diagnoses and definitive postnatal diagnosis or diagnoses after autopsy and additional analysis, and to monitor the psychomotor development of children born with ventriculomegaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was designed as retrospective study and included 62 pregnant women who were attending a regular ultrasound examinations at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center of Serbia, or patients who were referred from other institutions in Serbia...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
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