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Snežana Medić, Michalis Katsilieris, Zagorka Lozanov-Crvenković, Constantinos I Siettos, Vladimir Petrović, Vesna Milošević, Snežana Brkić, Nick Andrews, Milan Ubavić, Cleo Anastassopoulou
This study aimed at establishing baseline key epidemiological parameters for varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in Vojvodina, Serbia, with the ultimate goal to quantify the VZV transmission potential in the population. Seroprevalence data generated during the first large cross-sectional VZV serosurvey were modelled, using a two-tiered modelling approach to calculate age-specific forces of infection (FOI), the basic reproduction number (R0) and herd immunity threshold (H). Seroprevalence and modelling data were compared with corresponding pre-vaccination epidemiological parameters from 11 countries participating in the European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 (ESEN2) project...
2018: PloS One
Marija Kalaba, Jovan Kosutic, Brian Godman, Vesela Radonjic, Ana Vujic, Slobodan Jankovic, Dragana Srebro, Zlatko Kalaba, Radan Stojanovic, Milica Prostran
AIM: Antimicrobial resistance and inappropriate use of antibiotics in children are important issues. Consequently, there is a need to develop comprehensive stewardship programs even in hospitals with limited resources starting with children's hospitals. METHODS: Retrospective observational analysis of antimicrobial utilization and resistance patterns over 5 years in a tertiary care children's hospital in Serbia. RESULTS: Cumulative antimicrobial resistance decreased but was still high, with high cumulative resistance rates among the most widely used antibiotics in the hospital...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
George Nikolaidis, Kiki Petroulaki, Foteini Zarokosta, Antonia Tsirigoti, Altin Hazizaj, Enila Cenko, Jelena Brkic-Smigoc, Emir Vajzovic, Vaska Stancheva, Stefka Chincheva, Marina Ajdukovic, Miro Rajter, Marija Raleva, Liljana Trpcevska, Maria Roth, Imola Antal, Veronika Ispanovic, Natasha Hanak, Zeynep Olmezoglu-Sofuoglu, Ismail Umit-Bal, Donata Bianchi, Franziska Meinck, Kevin Browne
Background: Children's exposure to violence is a major public health issue. The Balkan epidemiological study on Child Abuse and Neglect project aimed to collect internationally comparable data on violence exposures in childhood. Methods: A three stage stratified random sample of 42,194 school-attending children (response rate: 66.7%) in three grades (aged 11, 13 and 16 years) was drawn from schools in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Greece, Romania, Serbia and Turkey...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ljilja Torović, Nina Dimitrov, André Lopes, Carla Martins, Paula Alvito, Ricardo Assunção
This paper reports the first study of patulin occurrence in fruit juices and risk assessment related to patulin intake by children, adolescents and adults in Serbia. During three consecutive years (2013-2015), 142 fruit (apple or multi-fruit) juices were collected from the market and analysed using HPLC-UV. Patulin was found in 51.4% of juices with 0.7% of the samples in excess of the legal limit of 50 μg kg-1 (mean 4.3 μg kg-1). Apple juices showed significantly higher percentage of contaminated samples (74...
December 26, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Visnja Djordjic, Jagoda Jorga, Snezana Radisavljevic, Ivana Milanovic, Predrag Bozic, Sergej M Ostojic
OBJECTIVE: Thinness is rarely highlighted or regularly monitored among children in developed countries although it may be rather frequent and pose a significant risk to children's health. We aimed to describe the prevalence of mild, moderate and severe thinness among young Serbian schoolchildren. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of schoolchildren aged 6-9 years. Children were assessed for weight, height and BMI as part of the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative in Serbia...
April 2018: Public Health Nutrition
M S C Lim, C Cappa, G C Patton
Background: Subjective well-being incorporates elements of life satisfaction, happiness and optimism. It is increasingly relevant in the assessment of population health and economic development. There are strong continuities in well-being from youth into later life. Despite its significance, few global surveys capture subjective well-being. This paper describes patterns of well-being among young people in five Eastern European countries [Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Ukraine] and investigates association between demographic factors and well-being...
2017: Global Mental Health
Jelena Čvorović, Sherman A James
We describe how self-reported health (SRH) varies with gender and John Henryism (a strong behavioral predisposition to engage in high-effort coping to overcome adversity) in a low income sample of Serbian Roma. Data were collected in 2016 in several Roma settlements around Belgrade, Serbia. The sample consisted of 90 men and 112 women. In addition to John Henryism (JH), measured by a Serbian version of the John Henryism Scale, demographic data and data on SRH and family relationships dynamics were collected...
November 15, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Mirjana Cvetković, Maja Zivković, Maja Bundalo, Ivana Gojković, Brankica Spasojević-Dimitrijeva, Aleksandra Stanković, Mirjana Kostić
BACKGROUND: The interindividual variability of cyclosporin A (CsA) pharmacokinetics might be explained by heterogeneity in the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) subfamily. Altered CYP3A enzyme activity was associated with variant allele of P450 oxidoreductase gene (POR*28). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of age, CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*22, and POR*28 alleles on CsA pharmacokinetics in pediatric renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Renal transplant patients receiving CsA (n = 47) were genotyped for CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*22, and POR*28...
December 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Elena Scarpato, Sanja Kolacek, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Vlatka Konjik, Nataša Živković, Enriqueta Roman, Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska, Eyad Altamimi, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Raanan Shamir, Michal Rozenfeld Bar Lev, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Dario Bruzzese, Rosaura Leis, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children from the Mediterranean area of Europe. We aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children and adolescents in this region. METHODS: We collected data on 13,750 children (4-18 years old) enrolled in the Mediterranean-European Area Project, a school-based health study performed in Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Serbia, and Spain...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Branislava Matic, Uros Rakic, Verica Jovanovic, Snezana Dejanovic, Nela Djonovic
INTRODUCTION: Indoor air quality (IAQ) is rated as a serious public health issue. Knowing children are accounted as more vulnerable to environmental health hazards, data are needed on air quality in schools. METHODS: A project was conducted from 2007 until 2009 (SEARCH, School Environment and Respiratory Health of Children), aiming to verify links between IAQ and children's respiratory health. Study was conducted in ten primary schools on 735 children, in 44 classrooms...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Isidora Vujčić, Tijana Radičević, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nataša Maksimović, Sandra Grujičić
OBJECTIVES: Medical students represent a group particularly at risk of involuntary childlessness due to their highly demanding careers and university curriculum. The aim of this study was to investigate Serbian medical students' attitudes towards future parenthood and their awareness of fertility issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia, between 12 and 16 December 2016...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Ljilja Torović, Nina Dimitrov, Ricardo Assunção, Paula Alvito
This study reports for the first time in Serbia the occurrence of patulin in apple-based food and the risk assessment associated with patulin intake by infants and preschool children. In total, 214 samples of infant fruit juices (48), infant purée (66), and juices for children (small package with straw, 100) were collected over 3 years (2013-15) and analysed using HPLC with ultraviolet detection. Patulin was found in 43.8% of infant juices and 16.7% of infant purée, with all values below the legal limit of 10 μg kg(-1) (maximum 8...
November 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Bich Thuy Truong, Angela Lupattelli, Petter Kristensen, Hedvig Nordeng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A comparison of sick leave in pregnancy between countries is difficult as most studies have been conducted in single countries in Scandinavia. The objective of this study was to explore patterns of and reasons for sick leave during pregnancy on a multinational level, focusing on medication use but also differences in sick leave policies. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional, web-based study in 12 European countries from October 2011 to February 2012...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
Bojana Božić, Sanja Stupar, Duško Stupar, Uroš Babić, Milica Bajčetić
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze the availability and coverage by health insurance reimbursement of pediatric formulations labeled for children up to the age of 12 in Serbia. To provide good insight in general availability of pediatric medicines, results were compared with the World Health Organization's (WHO) "Model List of Essential Medicines for Children" and with published evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sources of information about medicines are the Summary of Product Characteristics, National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) Drug Lists, WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicines for Children, and Serbia's official drug registry (2013)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Tamara Dzamonja Ignjatovic, Marko Milanovic, Nevenka Zegarac
BACKGROUND: Families that have children with disabilities face numerous difficulties related to the lack of services support, social isolation and poverty in Serbia. Mostly due to the prolonged effect of social and economic crisis, there are insufficient adequate and diverse community-based services for those families. AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of newly introduced services on the quality of families' life. METHODS: A pretest/posttest study was conducted at the beginning of service and one year later to evaluate the effect of services measured by Family Quality of Life Scale (Hoffman et al...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
Tatjana Gazibara, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Ilma Kurtagic, Biljana Rancic, Sanja Radovanovic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Jelena Dotlic
PURPOSE: To assess factors associated with better sexual quality of life (QOL) in midlife period among women who are and are not sexually active. METHODS: Participants were 500 women aged 40-65 years from Belgrade, Serbia. Data were collected through general questionnaire (regarding socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, general medical, and gynecological history) in which one item investigated having partnered sexual activity (heterosexual intercourses)...
October 2017: Quality of Life Research
Elena Scarpato, Paolo Quitadamo, Enriqueta Roman, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Sanja Kolacek, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Eleftheria Roma, Raanan Shamir, Michal R B Lev, Branko Lutovac, Veselinka Djurisic, Rok Orel, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Vincenzo Coppola, Enrico Corazziari, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common conditions associated with significant morbidity and high healthcare costs. This multicenter study aimed at assessing the clinical approach to infants (0-6 months) and children/adolescents (4-18 years) with suspected FGIDs by pediatricians from the Mediterranean Area. METHODS: A survey evaluating the diagnostic approach, including the use of Rome II and III criteria, and the therapeutic management of some of the most prevalent FGIDs, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), and functional regurgitation (FR), was distributed to a sample of pediatricians...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Biljana D Škrbić, Nataša Đurišić-Mladenović, Đorđe J Tadić, Jelena Đ Cvejanov
Contents of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were analyzed in 30 soil samples from 15 locations in Novi Sad, Serbia, assessing for the first time the corresponding health risks in the Serbian urban zone. Total concentrations were in the range of 22-2247 μg kg-1 , with a mean and median value of 363 and 200 μg kg-1 , respectively. Comparison with the relevant maximum allowed contents proposed by the Serbian government and with the Dutch target values implied that soils from the urban area of Novi Sad were "suitable as residential soils" and that no intervention would be needed if the current levels were retained...
July 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
I Colovic Calovski, A Barac, Z Golubovic, A Karamarkovic, S Mitrovic, M Milicevic, M Cvetkovic, A M Dzamic
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an endemic helminthic disease caused by infection with Echinococcus granulosus metacestodes. Although CE is endemic in the Balkan region, the exact epidemiology remains unknown. We conducted a case-series study with the aim of evaluating the correlation between seropositivity, socio-epidemiological data, pre-operative treatment with albendazole and viability of protoscolices in human hepatic hydatid cysts. Consecutive patients with hepatic CE underwent surgery to extract E. granulosis cysts...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
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