Read by QxMD icon Read

Menstrual cups

Louis Nonfoux, Myriam Chiaruzzi, Cédric Badiou, Jessica Baude, Anne Tristan, Jean Thioulouse, Daniel Muller, Claire Prigent Combaret, Gérard Lina
Fifteen currently marketed intravaginal protection products (11 types of tampon and four menstrual cups) were tested by the modified tampon sac method to determine their effect on Staphylococcus aureus growth and toxic shock toxin 1 (TSST-1) production. Most tampons reduced S. aureus growth and TSST-1 production, with differences based on brand and composition, and S. aureus growth was higher in de-structured than in unaltered tampons. We observed higher S. aureus growth and toxin production in menstrual cups than in tampons, potentially due to the additional air introduced to the bag by cups, with differences based on cup composition and size...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Diogo Nunes-Carneiro, Tiago Couto, Vítor Cavadas
INTRODUCTION: Menstrual cup is increasingly gaining acceptance among women to control the menstrual period. The majority of brands advocate that these devices are 100% safe to the users, notwithstanding there are some reports of rare complications associated with these devices. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this case we present a woman who developed a right renal colic using a menstrual cup. The pain was difficult to manage with conventional analgesics. The plain abdominal X-ray revealed the device in the pelvis occupying more than one third of the pelvis minor diameter and oriented to the right side...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
C S Short, R Quinlan, P Bennett, R J Shattock, G P Taylor
INTRODUCTION: To better understand the immunology of pregnancy, study of female genital tract fluid (FGF) is desirable. However the optimum method of collection of FGF in pregnant women for immunological methods, specifically cytokine measurement, is unknown. METHODS: A prospective study of HIV-uninfected pregnant women comparing two methods of FGF collection: polyvinyl acetal sponge collection of cervical fluid (CF) and menstrual cup collection of cervicovaginal fluid (CVF)...
July 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
D Feyaerts, T Kuret, B van Cranenbroek, S van der Zeeuw-Hingrez, O W H van der Heijden, A van der Meer, I Joosten, R G van der Molen
STUDY QUESTION: Is the natural killer (NK) cell receptor repertoire of endometrial NK (eNK) cells tissue-specific? SUMMARY ANSWER: The NK cell receptor (NKR) expression profile in pre-pregnancy endometrium appears to have a unique tissue-specific phenotype, different from that found in NK cells in peripheral blood, suggesting that these cells are finely tuned towards the reception of an allogeneic fetus. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: NK cells are important for successful pregnancy...
February 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
Phuong Dung (Yun) Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jennifer K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
Background: In recent decades the amount of new breast cancer cases in the southern region has been reported to increase more rapidly than in the northernVietnam. The aim of this study is to compare breast cancer risk factors between the two regions and establish if westernized influences have an impact on any reported differences. Method: Data was collected from the two largest oncology hospitals in the north and the south of Vietnam in 2015. Breast density, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle data of 127 cases and 269 controls were collected in the north and 141 cases and 250 controls were gathered from the south...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jane Juma, Elizabeth Nyothach, Kayla F Laserson, Clifford Oduor, Lilian Arita, Caroline Ouma, Kelvin Oruko, Jackton Omoto, Linda Mason, Kelly T Alexander, Barry Fields, Clayton Onyango, Penelope A Phillips-Howard
OBJECTIVE: Examine the safety of menstrual cups against sanitary pads and usual practice in Kenyan schoolgirls. DESIGN: Observational studies nested in a cluster randomised controlled feasibility study. SETTING: 30 primary schools in a health and demographic surveillance system in rural western Kenya. PARTICIPANTS: Menstruating primary schoolgirls aged 14-16 years participating in a menstrual feasibility study. INTERVENTIONS: Insertable menstrual cup, monthly sanitary pads or 'usual practice' (controls)...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
Shameem Z Jaumdally, Heidi E Jones, Donald R Hoover, Hoyam Gamieldien, Jean-Mari Kriek, Nontokozo Langwenya, Landon Myer, Jo-Ann S Passmore, Catherine S Todd
PROBLEM: How does menstrual cup (MC) compare to other genital sampling methods for HIV RNA recovery? METHOD OF STUDY: We compared HIV RNA levels between MC, endocervical swab (ECS), and ECS-enriched cervicovaginal lavage (eCVL) specimens in 51 HIV-positive, antiretroviral therapy-naive women at enrollment, 3 and 6 months, with order rotated by visit. Paired comparisons were analyzed with McNemar's exact tests, signed-rank tests, and an extension of Somer's D for pooled analyses across visits...
March 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Elizabeth Nyothach, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Jackton Omoto, Duolao Wang, Clement Zeh, Clayton Onyango, Linda Mason, Kelly T Alexander, Frank O Odhiambo, Alie Eleveld, Aisha Mohammed, Anna M van Eijk, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, John Vulule, Brian Faragher, Kayla F Laserson
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a feasibility study on the effect of menstrual hygiene on schoolgirls' school and health (reproductive/sexual) outcomes. DESIGN: 3-arm single-site open cluster randomised controlled pilot study. SETTING: 30 primary schools in rural western Kenya, within a Health and Demographic Surveillance System. PARTICIPANTS: Primary schoolgirls 14-16 years, experienced 3 menses, no precluding disability, and resident in the study area...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
Katie W Russell, Ryan E Robinson, Mary C Mone, Courtney L Scaife
BACKGROUND: An enterovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula is a complication resulting in vaginal discharge of succus, urine, or stool that can lead to significant complications. For low-volume fistulae, tampons or pads may be used. With high-volume fistulae, frequent product change can be painful and unpredictable in terms of efficacy. The psychologic distress is profound. Surgery may not be an option, making symptom control the priority. INSTRUMENT: We report the use of a reusable menstrual silicone vaginal cup placed to divert and contain drainage...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Bernard J Moncla, Catherine A Chappell, Brian M Debo, Leslie A Meyn
In this study, we characterized the glycome of cervical-vaginal fluid, collected with a Catamenial cup. We quantified: glycosidase levels; sialic acid and high mannose specific lectin binding; mucins, MUC1, MUC4, MUC5AC, MUC7; and albumin in the samples collected. These data were analyzed in the context of hormonal status (day of menstrual cycle, hormonal contraception use) and role, if any, of the type of the vaginal microflora present. When the Nugent score was used to stratify the subjects by microflora as normal, intermediate, or bacterial vaginosis, several important differences were observed...
2016: PloS One
Leah Goldberg, Sammy Elsamra, Juana Hutchinson-Colas, Saya Segal
INTRODUCTION: A vesicouterine fistula is a rare form of urogenital fistula, yet there is increasing prevalence in the United States because of the rising rate of cesarean deliveries. Vesicouterine fistulas have various presentations including menouria, hematuria, or urinary incontinence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old multiparous woman presented with urine leakage after her third cesarean delivery. She had been treated for mixed urinary incontinence with overactive bladder medications and a midurethral sling with continued complaints of urine leakage...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Hossein Faramarzi, Davood Mehrabani, Maryam Fard, Maryam Akhavan, Sona Zare, Shabnam Bakhshalizadeh, Amir Manafi, Somaieh Kazemnejad, Reza Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Menstrual blood-derived stem cells (MenSCs) are a novel source of stem cells that can be easily isolated non-invasively from female volunteered donor without ethical consideration. These mesenchymal-like stem cells have high rate of proliferation and possess multi lineage differentiation potency. This study was undertaken to isolate the MenSCs and assess their potential in differentiation into epidermal lineage. METHODS: About 5-10 ml of menstrual blood (MB) was collected using sterile Diva cups inserted into vagina during menstruation from volunteered healthy fertile women aged between 22-30 years...
January 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Wajida Inanmdar, Arshiya Sultana, Umraz Mubeen, Khaleequr Rahman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effificacy and safety of fenugreek seed and dry cupping on intensity of pain in primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: Sixty patients with primary dysmenorrhea were enrolled in this prospective, open-labeled, randomized, standard-controlled study, conducted in the National Institute of Unani Medicine Hospital between February 2010 and April 2011. In group A (20 cases), 3 g powder of fenugreek seed (3 capsules, 1 g each) was given orally twice daily from day 1 to 3 of menstrual cycle...
May 25, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Julie Hennegan, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Unhygienic and ineffective menstrual hygiene management has been documented across low resource contexts and linked to negative consequences for women and girls. OBJECTIVES: To summarise and critically appraise evidence for the effectiveness of menstruation management interventions in improving women and girls' education, work and psychosocial wellbeing in low and middle income countries. METHODS: Structured systematic searches were conducted in peer-reviewed and grey literature to identify studies evaluating education and resource provision interventions for menstruation management...
2016: PloS One
Cynthia Marie Metz
Healthy People 2020 lists Bisphenol A (BPA) as a potential endocrine disruptor for which exposure should be reduced. The Healthy People 2020 Environmental Health Objectives focus on addressing environmental factors that negatively affect individuals' health even though the health effects of some toxic substances are not yet fully understood. An American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN) position statement outlined the role occupational health nurses play in creating healthy and productive workplaces by promoting worker health...
January 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Michael A Mitchell, Steve Bisch, Shannon Arntfield, Seyed M Hosseini-Moghaddam
Menstrual cups have been reported to be an acceptable substitute for tampons. These flexible cups have also been reported to provide a sustainable solution to menstrual management, with modest cost savings and no significant health risk. The present article documents the first case of toxic shock syndrome associated with the use of a menstrual cup in a woman 37 years of age, using a menstrual cup for the first time. Toxic shock syndrome and the literature on menstrual cups is reviewed and a possible mechanism for the development of toxic shock syndrome in the patient is described...
July 2015: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Derseree Archary, Lenine J Liebenberg, Lise Werner, Sahil Tulsi, Nelisile Majola, Nivashnee Naicker, Sarah Dlamini, Thomas J Hope, Natasha Samsunder, Salim S Abdool Karim, Lynn Morris, Jo-Ann S Passmore, Nigel J Garrett
INTRODUCTION: Optimizing methods for genital specimen collection to accurately characterize mucosal immune responses is a priority for the HIV prevention field. The menstrual cup (MC) has been proposed as an alternative to other methods including cervicovaginal lavage (CVL), but no study has yet formally compared these two methods. METHODS: Forty HIV-infected, antiretroviral therapy-naïve women from the CAPRISA 002 acute HIV infection cohort study were randomized to have genital fluid collected using the MC with subsequent CVL, or by CVL alone...
2015: PloS One
Bradley W Frazee, Kayla Enriquez, Valerie Ng, Harrison Alter
BACKGROUND: Voided urinalysis to test for urinary tract infection (UTI) is prone to false-positive results for a number of reasons. Specimens are often collected at triage from women with any abdominal complaint, creating a low UTI prevalence population. Improper collection technique by the patient may affect the result. At least four indices, if positive, can indicate UTI. OBJECTIVE: We examine the impact of voided specimen collection technique on urinalysis indicators of UTI and on urine culture contamination in disease-free women...
June 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Maya K Shimony, Karen C Schliep, Enrique F Schisterman, Katherine A Ahrens, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Yaron Rotman, Neil J Perkins, Anna Z Pollack, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Sunni L Mumford
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the association between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), added sugar, and total fructose and serum concentrations of liver enzymes among healthy, reproductive-age women. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 259 premenopausal women (average age 27.3 ± 8.2 years; BMI 24.1 ± kg/m(2)) were followed up for up to two menstrual cycles, providing up to eight fasting blood specimens/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Women with a history of chronic disease were excluded...
March 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Mags E Beksinska, Jenni Smit, Ross Greener, Catherine S Todd, Mei-ling Ting Lee, Virginia Maphumulo, Vivian Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: In low-income settings, many women and girls face activity restrictions during menses, owing to lack of affordable menstrual products. The menstrual cup (MC) is a nonabsorbent reusable cup that collects menstrual blood. We assessed the acceptability and performance of the MPower® MC compared to pads or tampons among women in a low-resource setting. METHODS: We conducted a randomized two-period crossover trial at one site in Durban, South Africa, between January and November 2013...
February 2015: Journal of Women's Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"