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Post partum incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756684/a-prospective-bottom-up-study-of-the-costs-of-faecal-incontinence-in-ambulatory-patients
#1
Vicki Patton, Katrina Parkin, Kate H Moore
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The few studies that have examined direct costs of faecal incontinence are limited in that they employed retrospective databases, postal surveys, and focused upon institutionalised patients or post partum women. The aim of the current study was to identify the direct pre-treatment costs of faecal incontinence expended by a range of home dwelling patients and identify relationships between costs and severity of incontinence. METHODS: Consecutive patients attending an outpatient clinic for treatment of faecal incontinence were interviewed using a questionnaire, modeled on the Dowel Bryant Incontinence Cost Index...
May 14, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607580/effectiveness-of-antenatal-perineal-massage-in-reducing-perineal-trauma-and-post-partum-morbidities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Emmanuel Onyebuchi Ugwu, Eric Sunday Iferikigwe, Samuel Nnamdi Obi, George Uchenna Eleje, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba
AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of antenatal perineal massage (APM) in reducing perineal trauma and post-partum morbidities. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of 108 primigravidae at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria, was conducted from January 2013 to May 2014. The intervention group received APM, while the control group did not receive APM. RESULTS: Women who received APM were significantly more likely to have an intact perineum after childbirth [27/53 (50...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374871/-should-every-woman-after-labor-be-offered-pelvic-floor-physiotherapy
#3
REVIEW
Vered Eisenberg, Rachel Kafri
Pelvic floor damage can occur during pregnancy, during childbirth or post-partum, and may be expressed by symptoms such as urinary incontinence, fecal and gas incontinence, sexual dysfunction, pelvic organ prolapse and chronic pelvic pain. Some of the symptoms, which manifest later in a woman's life, will go unrecognized in the immediate postpartum period. Most women do not mention their general health, unless specifically asked. Physiotherapists, who are adept with the anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and the ability to diagnose unique differences, can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of postpartum pelvic floor problems...
January 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110753/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-position-during-the-late-stages-of-labour-in-nulliparous-women-with-an-epidural-clinical-effectiveness-and-an-economic-evaluation-bumpes
#4
Debra Bick, Annette Briley, Peter Brocklehurst, Pollyanna Hardy, Edmund Juszczak, Lynn Lynch, Christine MacArthur, Phillip Moore, Mary Nolan, Oliver Rivero-Arias, Julia Sanders, Andrew Shennan, Matt Wilson
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia leads to increased risk of instrumental vaginal delivery (IVD). There is debate about whether or not posture in second-stage labour influences the incidence of spontaneous vaginal birth (SVB). OBJECTIVES: In nulliparous women with epidural analgesia, does a policy of adopting an 'upright position' throughout second-stage labour increase the incidence of SVB compared with a policy of adopting a 'lying-down' position? DESIGN: Two-arm randomised controlled trial...
November 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845723/pelvic-floor-muscle-function-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-female-athlete
#5
Ellen K Casey, Kate Temme
Urinary incontinence, defined as involuntary leakage of urine, is often considered a disorder of post-partum and post-menopausal women. However, this disorder is not exclusive to older women, as recent research has demonstrated a high prevalence of urinary incontinence among young, nulliparous female athletes. In fact, females participating in repetitive, high-impact sports are at the highest risk for urinary incontinence. In these athletes, the absence of sufficient pelvic floor strength and coordination to withstand sport related increases in intra-abdominal pressure results in physical activity related urinary incontinence, and may be a predictor of urinary incontinence in later adulthood...
September 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629786/-pregnancy-and-delivery-for-women-with-congenital-spinal-cord-defects-and-neurogenic-bladder
#6
Q Manach, M Dommergues, P Denys, K Loiseau, B Idiard-Chamois, E Chartier-Kastler, V Phé
INTRODUCTION: Data are scarce regarding pregnancy and delivery among women with a neurogenic bladder due to congenital spinal cord defects. OBJECTIVE: To report the obstetrical and urological outcomes of women with congenital spinal cord defects and vesico-sphincteric disorders. METHODS: A retrospective multicentric study included all consecutive women with a neurogenic bladder due to congenital spinal defects, who delivered between January 2005 and December 2014...
October 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544989/impact-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-incidence-of-obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injury-diagnosed-by-endoanal-ultrasound
#7
Kristina Drusany Staric, Adolf Lukanovic, Petra Petrocnik, Vita Zacesta, Corrado Cescon, Miha Lucovnik
OBJECTIVE: to examine potential association between mediolateral episiotomy and reduced incidence of obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) diagnosed by endoanal ultrasound. DESIGN: prospective cohort study. SETTING: tertiary referral university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: sixty nulliparous women at 28-33 weeks of gestation with singleton pregnancies were included between 2010 and 2012. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: participants were examined with endoanal ultrasound at 28-33 weeks gestation and at 6-7 weeks post-partum...
May 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872979/evaluation-of-isolated-urinary-stress-incontinence-according-to-the-type-of-levator-ani-muscle-lesion-using-3-4d-transperineal-ultrasound-36%C3%A2-months-post-partum
#8
José Antonio García Mejido, Pamela Valdivieso Mejias, Ana Fernández Palacín, María José Bonomi Barby, Paloma De la Fuente Vaquero, José Antonio Sainz Bueno
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal delivery can lead to pelvic floor disorders. Many authors have described pelvic floor injuries that can predict future defects such as urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. We propose the assessment of urinary stress incontinence and its association with levator ani muscle (LAM) microtrauma (>20% in the levator hiatus area during Valsalva) and macrotraumas (avulsion) identified by 3/4D transperineal ultrasound (3D-TpUS) 36 months post-partum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study including 168 nulliparous women...
July 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806522/application-of-repeated-measures-method-to-compare-physical-maternal-health-index-in-a-follow-up-study
#9
Hourieh Shamshiri Milani, Nezhat Shakeri, Taha Asbaghi
Maternal health is a concept indicating the health of mothers during pregnancy, childbirth and the post-partum period. Recent literature indicates that the maternal mortality rate in Iran is 23 per 100,000 live birth. For every death, 20 to 30 mothers suffer from chronic and acute illnesses arising from pregnancy and delivery; therefore, using a valid and reliable indicator will help researchers assess maternal health more precisely. In this longitudinal study, attempt has been made to compare mothers' health status by using a subjective tool for evaluating the Physical-Maternal Health Index (P-MHI)...
August 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643513/over-diagnosis-and-rising-rates-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis-time-for-reappraisal
#10
Dimos Sioutis, Ranee Thakar, Abdul H Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the accuracy of clinically diagnosed OASIS using 3D endoanal ultrasound and compare symptoms and anal manometry measurements between those whose anal sphincters were adequately repaired to those who had persistent anal sphincter defects. METHODS: The endoanal scan images of women who sustained OASIS and attended the perineal clinic over a 10 year period (2003 - 2013) were re-analysed from data entered prospectively of women with clinically diagnosed and repaired OASIS...
September 19, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587802/movement-system-impairment-guided-approach-to-the-physical-therapist-treatment-of-a-patient-with-postpartum-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence-case-report
#11
Jenny Kurz, Diane Borello-France
Background and Purpose: Women with postpartum pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence are often treated by physical therapists specializing in women's health. Movement system impairments often coexist in this patient population. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapist treatment of a woman with postpartum POP complicated by additional pelvic symptoms. Case Description: A 31-year-old woman presented with postpartum POP, diastasis recti, urinary incontinence, and constipation...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155443/postpartum-practice-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#12
Marie-Victoire Sénat, Loïc Sentilhes, Anne Battut, Dan Benhamou, Sarah Bydlowski, Anne Chantry, Xavier Deffieux, Flore Diers, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Florent Fuchs, Geraldine Gascoin, Chantal Lebot, Louis Marcellin, Genevieve Plu-Bureau, Brigitte Raccah-Tebeka, Emmanuel Simon, Gérard Bréart, Loïc Marpeau
OBJECTIVE: To make evidence-based recommendations for the postpartum management of women and their newborns, regardless of the mode of delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review of articles from the PubMed database and the Cochrane Library and of recommendations from the French and foreign societies or colleges of obstetricians. RESULTS: Because breast-feeding is associated with reductions in neonatal, infantile, and childhood morbidity (lower frequency of cardiovascular, infectious, and atopic diseases and infantile obesity) (LE2) and improved cognitive development in children (LE2), exclusive and extended breastfeeding is recommended (grade B) for at least 4-6 months (professional consensus)...
July 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059092/does-episiotomy-influence-vaginal-resting-pressure-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-and-endurance-and-prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-6-weeks-postpartum
#13
Kari Bø, Gunvor Hilde, Merete Kolberg Tennfjord, Marie Ellstrøm Engh
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to compare vaginal resting pressure (VRP), pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength and endurance, and prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) at 6 weeks postpartum, in women with and without lateral or mediolateral episiotomy. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-eight nulliparous pregnant women, mean age 28.5 years (SD 4.2) and pre-pregnancy BMI 23.8 (SD 4.0) participated in the study. Lateral or mediolateral episiotomy was only performed for indications such as fetal distress or imminent risk of severe perineal tear...
March 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26967344/prevalence-and-trends-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-late-pregnancy-and-after-delivery-in-a-cohort-of-israeli-women-using-the-pfdi-20
#14
David Yohay, Adi Y Weintraub, Naama Mauer-Perry, Carmel Peri, Rachel Kafri, Zehava Yohay, Asher Bashiri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of pelvic floor disorders (PFD) in a cohort of Israeli women at late pregnancy and three months postpartum, to define changes in PFD rates and to evaluate various obstetrical factors that may correlate with these changes. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was conducted between March and July 2014. The PFDI-20 questionnaire (validated in the Hebrew language) was used to evaluate pelvic floor distress symptoms 24h and 3 months after delivery (representing the third trimester and post-partum period, respectively)...
May 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527017/-post-partum-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-short-text
#15
REVIEW
M-V Sénat, L Sentilhes, A Battut, D Benhamou, S Bydlowski, A Chantry, X Deffieux, F Diers, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, F Fuchs, G Gascoin, C Lebot, L Marcellin, G Plu-Bureau, B Raccah-Tebeka, E Simon, G Bréart, L Marpeau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the post-partum management of women and their newborn whatever the mode of delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Because breastfeeding is associated with a decrease in neonatal morbidity (lower frequency of cardiovascular diseases, infectious, atopic or infantile obesity) (EL2) and an improvement in the cognitive development of children (EL2), exclusive and extended breastfeeding is recommended (grade B) between 4 to 6 months (Professional consensus)...
December 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26428191/vaginal-cones-or-balls-to-improve-pelvic-floor-muscle-performance-and-urinary-continence-in-women-post-partum-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Claudia Oblasser, Janice Christie, Christine McCourt
OBJECTIVES: the vaginal use of cones or balls aims to increase muscle performance and thereby prevent or treat urinary incontinence. To date, no systematic review has focused on the effectiveness of these devices specifically during the postpartum period. The objectives of this review were: to compare the effectiveness of vaginal cones or balls for improvement of pelvic floor muscle performance and urinary continence in the postpartum period to no treatment, placebo, sham treatment or active controls; to gather information on effect on perineal descent or pelvic organ prolapse, adverse effects and economical aspects...
November 2015: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337426/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-and-de-novo-onset-of-post-partum-urinary-incontinence
#17
Maurizio Serati, Maria Carmela Di Dedda, Giorgio Bogani, Paola Sorice, Antonella Cromi, Stefano Uccella, Martina Lapenna, Marco Soligo, Fabio Ghezzi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the maternal position at the time of delivery on the onset of de novo symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) in the post-partum period. METHODS: This prospective study evaluated the data of consecutive women undergoing labour and delivery, between January 2014 and July 2014. We included only women with a singleton pregnancy undergoing vaginal delivery. During the study period, patients chose to deliver in the position that they considered the most comfortable...
February 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26328526/maternal-outcomes-at-3-months-after-planned-caesarean-section-versus-planned-vaginal-birth-for-twin-pregnancies-in-the-twin-birth-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E K Hutton, M E Hannah, S Ross, K S Joseph, A Ohlsson, E V Asztalos, A R Willan, A C Allen, B A Armson, A Gafni, K Mangoff, J J Sanchez, J F Barrett
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes at 3 months post partum for women randomised to give birth by planned caesarean section (CS) or by planned vaginal birth (VB) in the Twin Birth Study (TBS). DESIGN: We invited women in the TBS to complete a 3-month follow-up questionnaire. SETTING: Two thousand and eight hundred and four women from 25 countries. POPULATION: Two thousand and five hundred and seventy women (92% response rate)...
November 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26143094/-management-of-third-and-fourth-degree-perineal-tears-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
A Villot, X Deffieux, G Demoulin, A-L Rivain, C Trichot, T Thubert
This was a comprehensive literature review using Pubmed, Medline, Embase and Cochrane, whose aim was to analyse the prevalence of anal sphincter injuries, their risk factors, their management and their functional prognosis. The prevalence of 3rd and 4th degree perineal tears varies between studies from 2.95% regardless the parity to 25% in nulliparous women. Twenty-eight percent to 48% of these lacerations were clinically occult. Perineal tears were associated with (multivariate analysis) forceps (6.021 [IC 95% 1...
November 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25982584/continence-index-a-new-screening-questionnaire-to-predict-the-probability-of-future-incontinence-in-older-women-in-the-community
#20
Ananias C Diokno, Theophilus Ogunyemi, Mohammad-Reza Siadat, Suzan Arslanturk, Kim A Killinger
PURPOSE: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a chronic, costly condition that impairs quality of life. To identify older women most at risk, the Medical Epidemiologic and Social Aspects of Aging (MESA) datasets were mined to create a set of questions that can reliably predict future UI. METHODS: MESA data were collected during four household interviews at approximately 1 year intervals. Factors associated with becoming incontinent at the second interview (HH2) were identified using logistic regression (construction datasets)...
July 2015: International Urology and Nephrology
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