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Behavioral psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#1
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666778/psychiatric-morbidity-perceived-stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-parents-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-lahore-pakistan
#2
Muhammad H Sheikh, Sania Ashraf, Nazish Imran, Sadia Hussain, Muhammad W Azeem
Background This study assessed anxiety and depression levels among parents of children with intellectual disability (ID) and analyzed their coping strategies. Methods One hundred parents of children with ID were recruited through child psychiatry outpatient services in a tertiary care setting in Lahore, Pakistan. A structured questionnaire including sociodemographic details, the Agha Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale, the Family Stress and Coping Questionnaire, Brief COPE questionnaire, and Support questionnaire were used for data collection...
February 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664808/trends-in-pharmacological-emergency-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-schizophrenia-over-a-16-year-observation-period
#3
Monika Edlinger, Anna-Sophia Welte, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, Georg Kemmler, Felix Neymeyer, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Alex Hofer
Patients suffering from schizophrenia are often treated in locked psychiatric units because of psychomotor agitation, hostility and aggressive behavior, or suicidality. Because of legal conditions, investigations on these acutely ill patients are difficult, and many studies do not represent 'real-life psychiatry'. This retrospective survey was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics of the Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. Data were collected from the records of all adult inpatients suffering from a schizophrenia spectrum disorder according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed...
April 16, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659068/evolving-standards-of-care-in-the-age-of-cybertechnology
#4
Frederic G Reamer
Behavioral health professionals are making increased use of cybertechnology to deliver services to patients, communicate with patients, gather information about patients, and communicate with colleagues. The advent of cybertechnology - included the Internet, text (SMS), email, video, cloud storage of electronic records, and other forms of electronic communication and documentation - has introduced novel and unprecedented ethical and risk-management challenges. This article provides an overview of emerging issues related to informed consent; delivery of services; privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication; boundary issues and dual relationships; documentation; and practitioners' relationships with colleagues...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652769/schizophrenia-and-criminal-responsibility-a-systematic-review
#5
Georgios Tsimploulis, Gérard Niveau, Ariel Eytan, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Othman Sentissi
The significant progress of psychiatry in the 20th century provided a sophisticated theoretical framework to analyze the complex relationships between crime and mental illness. Schizophrenia has been traditionally associated with severe cognitive and affective deficits that heavily influence empathy, judgment capacities, but also control of impulsiveness. Although there is an association between psychotic disorders and absence or decrease of legal responsibility, their relationship is also determined by sociodemographic, developmental, and clinical factors...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626337/network-neuroscience-a-framework-for-developing-biomarkers-in-psychiatry
#6
David M Lydon-Staley, Danielle S Bassett
Psychiatric disorders are disturbances of cognitive and behavioral processes mediated by the brain. Emerging evidence suggests that accurate biomarkers for psychiatric disorders might benefit from incorporating information regarding multiple brain regions and their interactions with one another, rather than considering local perturbations in brain structure and function alone. Recent advances in the field of applied mathematics generally - and network science specifically - provide a language to capture the complexity of interacting brain regions, and the application of this language to fundamental questions in neuroscience forms the emerging field of network neuroscience...
April 7, 2018: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624113/clinician-experience-and-attitudes-toward-safety-planning-with-adolescents-at-risk-for-suicide
#7
Jazmin A Reyes-Portillo, Eleanor L McGlinchey, Josefina Toso-Salman, Erica M Chin, Prudence W Fisher, Laura Mufson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined clinician experiences and attitudes toward safety planning in a large urban pediatric psychiatry department serving primarily Latino youth. METHODS: Forty-six clinicians completed a survey assessing their experience with and attitudes toward safety planning with adolescents at-risk for suicide. RESULTS: The majority of clinicians were female (78%), non-Latino White (54%), and aged 30-39 (52%). Clinicians' attitudes were largely positive (M = 3...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621902/all-for-one-and-one-for-all-mental-disorders-in-one-dimension
#8
Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E Moffitt
In both child and adult psychiatry, empirical evidence has now accrued to suggest that a single dimension is able to measure a person's liability to mental disorder, comorbidity among disorders, persistence of disorders over time, and severity of symptoms. This single dimension of general psychopathology has been termed "p," because it conceptually parallels a dimension already familiar to behavioral scientists and clinicians: the "g" factor of general intelligence. As the g dimension reflects low to high mental ability, the p dimension represents low to high psychopathology severity, with thought disorder at the extreme...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606317/behavioral-disorders-the-blind-spot-of-neurology-and-psychiatry
#9
REVIEW
C Azuar, R Levy
Behavioral disorders occupy the crossroads between neurology and psychiatry, and emerging disorders, such as frontotemporal lobar degeneration of genetic origin and autoimmune encephalitis, can present with both neurological and psychiatric signs. Thus, the primary aim of this introductory article is to review frequently encountered behavioral clinical features, such as apathy and agitation, and their related syndromes, including frontal and anterior temporal syndromes. These behavioral states and their underlying etiologies are also here illustrated with clinical case reports...
March 29, 2018: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606074/use-of-security-officers-on-inpatient-psychiatry-units
#10
Ryan E Lawrence, Maria M Perez-Coste, Stan D Arkow, Paul S Appelbaum, Lisa B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: Violent and aggressive behaviors are common among psychiatric inpatients. Hospital security officers are sometimes used to address such behaviors. Research on the role of security in inpatient units is scant. This study examined when security is utilized and what happens when officers arrive. METHODS: The authors reviewed the security logbook and the medical records for all patients discharged from an inpatient psychiatry unit over a six-month period...
April 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605102/malignant-self-regard-in-clinical-outpatient-samples
#11
Steven K Huprich, Matthew Macaluso, Lyle Baade, Rosalee Zackula, Jennifer Jackson, Rebecca Kitchens
While the malignant self-regard construct and a corresponding questionnaire, the Malignant Self-Regard Questionnaire (MSRQ; Huprich, 2011) have been empirically evaluated in several non-clinical samples, it has yet to be evaluated in a clinical population. In this study, 139 outpatients in the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (n = 83) and Internal Medicine (n = 57) were administered the MSRQ and a number other measures to assess its construct and incremental validity. The MSRQ was internally consistent in both samples, and was positively correlated with four dimensions of levels of personality functioning, DSM-5 personality trait domains, overdependence, detachment, insecure attachment, and general perceptions of physical and mental well-being...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604524/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-turkish-psychiatric-outpatients
#12
Volkan Gelegen, Lut Tamam
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is defined as the failure to resist aggressive impulses resulting in repeated acts of verbal and/or physical aggression. Although it is frequently encountered in clinical psychiatric practice, there is a paucity of data concerning IED in the scientific literature both internationally and in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IED and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 406 patients who were referred to our psychiatry outpatient clinic for the first time in a six-month period were included in the study...
March 18, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599484/prophylactic-ketamine-alters-nucleotide-and-neurotransmitter-metabolism-in-brain-and-plasma-following-stress
#13
Josephine C McGowan, Collin Hill, Alessia Mastrodonato, Christina T LaGamma, Alexander Kitayev, Rebecca A Brachman, Niven R Narain, Michael A Kiebish, Christine A Denny
Recently, we have shown that ketamine given prior to stress exposure protects against the development of depressive-like behavior in mice. These data suggest that it may be possible to prevent the induction of affective disorders before they develop by administering prophylactic pharmaceuticals, a relatively nascent and unexplored strategy for psychiatry. Here, we performed metabolomics analysis of brain and plasma following prophylactic ketamine treatment in order to identify markers of stress resilience enhancement...
March 29, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593585/functional-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-the-new-mrs-for-cognitive-neuroscience-and-psychiatry-research
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Stanley, Naftali Raz
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H MRS) is a well-established technique for quantifying the brain regional biochemistry in vivo . In most studies, however, the1 H MRS is acquired during rest with little to no constraint on behavior. Measured metabolite levels, therefore, reflect steady-state concentrations whose associations with behavior and cognition are unclear. With the recent advances in MR technology-higher-field MR systems, robust acquisition techniques and sophisticated quantification methods-1 H MRS is now experiencing a resurgence...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588829/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-teaching-of-mental-health-courses-in-nursing-using-clinical-supervision-and-kirkpatrick-s-model
#15
Maryam Maddineshat, Mitra Hashemi, Reza Besharati, Sepideh Gholami, Fatemeh Ghavidel
Background: Clinical experience associated with the fear and anxiety of nursing students in the psychiatric unit. Mental health nursing instructors find it challenging to teach nursing students to deal with patients with mental disorders in an environment where they need to provide patient teaching and clinical decision-making based on evidence and new technology. Objective: To measure the effectiveness of clinical teaching of mental health courses in nursing using clinical supervision and Kirkpatrick's model evaluation in the psychiatry unit of Imam Reza Hospital, Bojnurd, Iran...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580706/-predictive-factors-of-seclusion-duration-in-patients-hospitalized-in-psychiatry-settings-a-prospective-multisite-study-in-the-dtrf-paris-sud
#16
J-F Costemale-Lacoste, V Cerboneschi, C Trichard, R De Beaurepaire, F Villemain, J-P Metton, C Debacq, T Ghanem, C Martelli, E Baup, E Loeb, P Hardy
INTRODUCTION: In psychiatric inpatient settings seclusion is a last resort to ensure the safety of the patient, other patients, and staff from disturbed behaviors. Despite its major interest for patients, seclusion could negatively impact treatment adherence and patient/staff relationships. Indeed, some secluded patients report a feeling of guilt during the measure and do not consider seclusion to be a healthcare intervention. To be more beneficial and to reduce the feeling by patients of being forced, seclusions should be as short and rare as possible...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580705/-consultation-liaison-addiction-medicine-tools-and-specificities
#17
P Poloméni, G Cleirec, C Icard, A Ramos, B Rolland
Since the 1970s, the concept of "consultation/liaison (CL) psychiatry" has pertained to specialized mobile teams which meet inpatients hospitalized in non-psychiatric settings to offer them on-the-spot psychiatric assessment, treatment, and, if needed, adequate referral. Since the birth of CL psychiatry, a long set of theoretical books and articles has aimed at integrating CL psychiatry into the wider scope of psychosomatic medicine. In the year 2000, a circular issued by the Health Ministry defined the organization of "CL addiction services" in France...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580702/-methods-to-improve-suicidal-adolescents-compliance-to-care-after-emergency-discharge-a-literature-review
#18
J Lachal, S Grandclerc, M Spodenkiewicz, M R Moro
OBJECTIVES: Suicidal adolescents admitted in an Emergency Department (ED) present a high risk of suicidal reattempts. Poor observance of follow-up in this particular group imped the efficacity of the treatment. We propose to summarize the international literature on ED interventions promoting suicidal adolescents' adherence to care. METHOD: We carried out a comprehensive review of papers listed in PubMed, PsycInfo, and CINHAL databases using keywords about adolescence, suicide, and ED...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579512/eating-behaviors-and-related-factors-in-psychiatric-patients
#19
Leyla Küçük, Hatice Kaya, Tuba Çömez, Selma Kaçar, Yasemin Kutlu, Haluk Zülfikar
The aim of this study was to determine the risk of eating disorders and associated risk factors in individuals with psychiatric disorders. Patients who were hospitalized in a psychiatry clinic of the university hospital between the dates of February 2014 and July 2014 constitute sample for the study. The study sample consisted of a total of 216 patients. Data were collected using a questionnaire form and the Eating Attitude Test. The mean age of the patients was 37±0.5, and 56.9% of the patients were female...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567371/a-pilot-study-on-immuno-psychiatry-in-the-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-role-for-th17-cells-in-psychosis
#20
Elfi Vergaelen, Carmen Schiweck, Kristof Van Steeland, Jacqueline Counotte, Wim Veling, Ann Swillen, Hemmo Drexhage, Stephan Claes
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence supports a role for immune alterations in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSD). A high prevalence (25% - 40%) of SSD has been found in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), which is known for T-cell deficits due to thymus hypoplasia. This study is the first to explore the association between the T-cell subsets and psychotic symptoms in adults with 22q11.2DS. METHODS: 34 individuals (aged 19-38 yrs.) with 22q11...
March 19, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
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