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Behavioral psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038598/male-specific-deficits-in-natural-reward-learning-in-a-mouse-model-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#1
N M Grissom, S E McKee, H Schoch, N Bowman, R Havekes, W T O'Brien, E Mahrt, S Siegel, K Commons, C Portfors, T Nickl-Jockschat, T M Reyes, T Abel
Neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders, are highly male biased, but the underpinnings of this are unknown. Striatal dysfunction has been strongly implicated in the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental disorders, raising the question of whether there are sex differences in how the striatum is impacted by genetic risk factors linked to neurodevelopmental disorders. Here we report male-specific deficits in striatal function important to reward learning in a mouse model of 16p11.2 hemideletion, a genetic mutation that is strongly associated with the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders, particularly autism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032844/-family-adherence-in-serious-mental-disorder
#2
Ernesto Martín Padilla, Diana Obando Posada, Pedro Sarmiento Medina
OBJECTIVE: Identify attitudes and behaviors that evidence and characterize family adherence to treatment in patients with severe mental disorder. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive, from an interpretative social approach. LOCATION: Chia, Colombia, with professionals in the psychiatric and geriatric settings. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve professionals in psychiatry, nursing and psychology, with experience in care of patients with serious mental disorder and their families...
October 9, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021115/specialty-addiction-and-psychiatry-treatment-initiation-and-engagement-results-from-an-sbirt-randomized-trial-in-pediatrics
#3
Stacy Sterling, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Ashley Jones, Derek D Satre, Sujaya Parthasarathy, Constance Weisner
OBJECTIVE: Many adolescents needing specialty addiction or psychiatry treatment never access care. We examined initiation and engagement with addiction and/or psychiatry treatment among adolescents referred to treatment from a trial comparing two different modalities of delivering Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to Usual Care in pediatric primary care. We hypothesized that both intervention arms would have higher initiation and engagement rates than usual care...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019155/succeeding-in-academic-psychiatry-handbook-of-career-development-in-academic-psychiatry-and-behavioral-sciences-edited-by-laura-weiss-roberts-and-donald-m-hilty-american-psychiatric-association-publishing-washington-dc-2017-isbn-978-1-61537-058-0-pp-415-69
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016169/the-microbiome-as-a-novel-paradigm-in-studying-stress-and-mental-health
#5
Richard T Liu
At the intersection between neuroscience, microbiology, and psychiatry, the enteric microbiome has potential to become a novel paradigm for studying the psychobiological underpinnings of mental illness. Several studies provide support for the view that the enteric microbiome influences behavior through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. Moreover, recent findings are suggestive of the possibility that dysregulation of the enteric microbiota (i.e., dysbiosis) and associated bacterial translocation across the intestinal epithelium may be involved in the pathophysiology of stress-related psychiatric disorders, particularly depression...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984605/the-pitfall-of-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-mimics-despite%C3%A2-multidisciplinary-application-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-ftdc-criteria
#6
Welmoed A Krudop, Annemieke Dols, Cora J Kerssens, Piet Eikelenboom, Niels D Prins, Christiane Möller, Sigfried Schouws, Didi Rhebergen, Eric van Exel, Wiesje M van der Flier, Sietske Sikkes, Philip Scheltens, Max L Stek, Yolande A L Pijnenburg
BACKGROUND: The behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) has a broad differential diagnosis including other neurological and psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric misdiagnoses occur in up to 50% of bvFTD patients. Numbers on misdiagnosis of bvFTD in psychiatric disorders are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the frequency and characteristics of bvFTD misdiagnoses in psychiatric disorders and other neurologic disorders. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with a (possible or probable) bvFTD diagnosis made by specialized memory clinic neurologists were included...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983641/-suicidality-in-german-speaking-school-psychiatry-thematization-in-textbooks-from-1803-until-the-present
#7
REVIEW
M Gnoth, H Glaesmer, H Steinberg
BACKGROUND: This chronology gives an overview about continuities and changes in the perception of suicidality in German-speaking school psychiatry over the past 200+ years. QUESTIONS: This study was guided by the following questions: has suicidality been perceived as regularly being connected to certain mental illnesses? Which other possible causes have been discussed by psychiatrists from the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first century? What approaches have major psychiatrists adopted towards suicidal patients and threatened suicide? What treatment and preventive strategies have been suggested? METHODOLOGY: First, we compiled a list of the, in our view, most influential textbooks on psychiatry of German-speaking school psychiatry from 1803 until the present...
October 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971389/moderating-nutritious-habits-in-psychiatric-patients-using-transtheoretical-model-of-change-and-counseling
#8
Konstantina Anastopoulou, Evangelos C Fradelos, Evdokia Misouridou, Michael Kourakos, Aristea Berk, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Christos Kleisiaris, Sofia Zyga
Motivational Interviewing provides the opportunity to health professionals to have an effective strategy to increase the level of readiness to change health behaviors. Along with the Transtheoretical Model (Stages of Change Model) compose the theoretical base of intervention in psychiatry settings. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to change nutritious behavior of psychiatric patients using a specific Model of Change and Counseling implementing a health education program. METHODOLOGY: A quasi-experimental design was adopted on a random sample of 60 psychiatric patients at Military Hospital of Athens...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970808/recurrent-violent-behavior-revised-classification-and-implications-for-global-psychiatry
#9
Karen Herrera-Ferrá, James Giordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953810/-a-labour-of-love-a-king-s-college-london-psychiatry-society-event-to-challenge-the-stigma-attached-to-mental-health-problems-in-post-natal-women
#10
Ahmed Hankir, Phillipa Brothwood, Bethany Crocker, Mao Fong Lim, Isabel Lever, Frederick Carrick, Rashid Zaman, Charlotte Wilson Jones
BACKGROUND: On the 9(th) October 2000, Dr Daksha Emson, a London based psychiatrist with bipolar affective disorder, tragically killed herself and her three-month-old baby daughter during a psychotic episode. An independent inquiry into Dr Emson's death concluded that mental health stigma in the National Health Service was a factor that contributed to her death. Despite the morbidity and mortality attributed to the stigma attached to post-natal mental health problems there are very few programmes that have been developed to challenge it...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953808/a-king-s-college-london-undergraduate-psychiatry-society-event-to-challenge-the-stigma-attached-to-psychological-problems-in-healthcare-professionals-and-students
#11
Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Mao Fong Lim, Isabel Lever, Phillipa Brothwood, Frederick R Carrick, Jamie Hacker Hughes, Charlotte Wilson Jones
BACKGROUND: There are higher levels of psychological distress in healthcare professionals and students compared to the general population. Yet, despite the availability of effective treatment, many in this group continue to suffer in silence. Fear of exposure to stigmatization has been identified to be a major barrier to accessing and using mental health services. King's College London Undergraduate Psychiatry Society (KCL PsychSoc) organized an event entitled, 'What does bipolar disorder even mean? Psychological distress: How can we challenge the stigma?'...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948974/a-upf3b-mutant-mouse-model-with-behavioral-and-neurogenesis-defects
#12
L Huang, E Y Shum, S H Jones, C-H Lou, J Dumdie, H Kim, A J Roberts, L A Jolly, J L Espinoza, D M Skarbrevik, M H Phan, H Cook-Andersen, N R Swerdlow, J Gecz, M F Wilkinson
Nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) is a highly conserved and selective RNA degradation pathway that acts on RNAs terminating their reading frames in specific contexts. NMD is regulated in a tissue-specific and developmentally controlled manner, raising the possibility that it influences developmental events. Indeed, loss or depletion of NMD factors have been shown to disrupt developmental events in organisms spanning the phylogenetic scale. In humans, mutations in the NMD factor gene, UPF3B, cause intellectual disability (ID) and are strongly associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia (SCZ)...
September 26, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948967/corticostriatal-circuit-defects-in-hoxb8-mutant-mice
#13
N Nagarajan, B W Jones, P J West, R E Marc, M R Capecchi
Hoxb8 mutant mice exhibit compulsive grooming and hair removal dysfunction similar to humans with the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)-spectrum disorder, trichotillomania. As, in the mouse brain, the only detectable cells that label with Hoxb8 cell lineage appear to be microglia, we suggested that defective microglia cause the neuropsychiatric disorder. Does the Hoxb8 mutation in microglia lead to neural circuit dysfunctions? We demonstrate that Hoxb8 mutants contain corticostriatal circuit defects. Golgi staining, ultra-structural and electrophysiological studies of mutants reveal excess dendritic spines, pre- and postsynaptic structural defects, long-term potentiation and miniature postsynaptic current defects...
September 26, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948136/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-a-case-study
#14
Leila Glass, Sarah N Mattson
This grand rounds manuscript reviews important considerations in developing case conceptualizations for individuals with a history of prenatal alcohol exposure. This case study provides an introduction to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, diagnostic issues, a detailed description of the individual's history, presenting symptoms, neuropsychological test results, and an integrated summary. We describe a 9-year old girl diagnosed with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD): Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE)...
June 2017: J Pediatr Neuropsychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944045/child-psychiatry-a-scientometric-analysis-1980-2016
#15
Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Waqas, Salman Majeed, Muhammad Zeshan, Nusrat Jahan, Muhammad Haaris Sheikh
Background: The field of child and adolescent psychiatry lags behind adult psychiatry significantly. In recent years, it has witnessed a significant increase in the publication of journals and articles. This study provides a detailed bibliometric analysis of articles published from 1980 to 2016, in the top seven journals of child and adolescent psychiatry. Methods: Using the Web of Science core collection, we selected 9,719 research papers published in seven psychiatric journals from 1980 to 2016. We utilized the Web of Science Analytics tool and Network Analysis Interface for Literature Studies (NAILS) Project scripts to delineate the general trends of publication in these journals...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940136/residents-perceive-limited-education-on-family-planning-and-contraception-for-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#16
Matthew Macaluso, Rosey Zackula, Christina Bowman, Christina Bourne, Donna Sweet
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to assess perceived adequacy of training by residents from multiple specialties on contraceptive prescribing and family planning for patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Secondary goals included the following: (1) explore resident knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards patients with SPMI and (2) identify barriers to meeting the reproductive health needs of patients with SPMI. METHODS: The target population was 44,237 residents from four medical specialties...
September 22, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935115/characteristics-of-patients-with-constant-observers
#17
Susan Solimine, Junji Takeshita, Deborah Goebert, June Lee, Brian Schultz, Maria Guerrero, Michael Tanael, Mark Pilar, Loraine Fleming, Stacy Kracher, Leah Lawyer
BACKGROUND: The use of constant observers ("sitters") has been common practice in many medical centers to maintain patient safety. RESULTS: A retrospective chart review of patients who required sitters from October 1, 2007 to September 31, 2013 at a large, private hospital serving a multiethnic community showed that the top reasons for sitters include suicide risk, agitation, fall risk, interfering with medical devices, and confusion/disorientation. Sitters were used for a mean of 3...
August 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924183/the-associations-of-earlier-trauma-exposures-and-history-of-mental-disorders-with-ptsd-after-subsequent-traumas
#18
R C Kessler, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, E J Bromet, O Gureje, E G Karam, K C Koenen, S Lee, H Liu, B-E Pennell, M V Petukhova, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, L Atwoli, G Borges, B Bunting, G de Girolamo, S F Gluzman, J M Haro, H Hinkov, N Kawakami, V Kovess-Masfety, F Navarro-Mateu, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, A Y Shalev, M Ten Have, Y Torres, M C Viana, A M Zaslavsky
Although earlier trauma exposure is known to predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after subsequent traumas, it is unclear whether this association is limited to cases where the earlier trauma led to PTSD. Resolution of this uncertainty has important implications for research on pretrauma vulnerability to PTSD. We examined this issue in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys with 34 676 respondents who reported lifetime trauma exposure. One lifetime trauma was selected randomly for each respondent...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924181/common-and-dissociable-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-differences-associate-with-dimensions-of-psychopathology-across-categorical-diagnoses
#19
A N Kaczkurkin, T M Moore, M E Calkins, R Ciric, J A Detre, M A Elliott, E B Foa, A Garcia de la Garza, D R Roalf, A Rosen, K Ruparel, R T Shinohara, C H Xia, D H Wolf, R E Gur, R C Gur, T D Satterthwaite
The high comorbidity among neuropsychiatric disorders suggests a possible common neurobiological phenotype. Resting-state regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be measured noninvasively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and abnormalities in regional CBF are present in many neuropsychiatric disorders. Regional CBF may also provide a useful biological marker across different types of psychopathology. To investigate CBF changes common across psychiatric disorders, we capitalized upon a sample of 1042 youths (ages 11-23 years) who completed cross-sectional imaging as part of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916010/competencies-and-training-guidelines-for-behavioral-health-providers-in-pediatric-primary-care
#20
REVIEW
Wanjiku F M Njoroge, Ariel A Williamson, Jennifer A Mautone, Paul M Robins, Tami D Benton
This article focuses on the cross-discipline training competencies needed for preparing behavioral health providers to implement integrated primary care services. After a review of current competencies in the disciplines of child and adolescent psychiatry, psychology, and social work, cross-cutting competencies for integrated training purposes are identified. These competencies are comprehensive and broad and can be modified for use in varied settings and training programs. An existing and successful integrated care training model, currently implemented at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, is described...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
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