keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bipolar spectrum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347967/data-quality-and-feasibility-of-the-experience-sampling-method-across-the-spectrum-of-severe-psychiatric-disorders-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. Despite this growing interest, the absence of methodological guidelines related to the use of ESM has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs while the potential effects of the design itself on the response behavior of the participants remain unknown. The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335759/bone-mediated-anteroinferior-glenohumeral-instability-current-concepts
#2
REVIEW
A Lädermann, E Böhm, E Tay, M Scheibel
Recurrent anterior shoulder instability is commonly associated with defects of the anterior glenoid rim. Substantial osseous defects significantly diminish the glenohumeral stability and require a bony augmentation, either by a coracoid transfer or free bone grafting procedure. Both reconstructive techniques have been applied for a long time and evaluated biomechanically and clinically. Although neither treatment option has been recognized as clearly superior, both comprise certain advantages and disadvantages...
January 15, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331354/specificity-in-etiology-of-subtypes-of-bipolar-disorder-evidence-from-a-swedish-population-based-family-study
#3
Jie Song, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Arvid Sjölander, Sarah E Bergen, Henrik Larsson, Mikael Landén, Paul Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains whether bipolar I disorder (BDI) and bipolar II disorder (BDII) differ etiologically. We used a population-based family sample to examine the etiological boundaries between BDI and BDII by assessing their familial aggregation/coaggregation and by assessing the coaggregation between them and schizophrenia, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, eating disorders, autism spectrum disorder, substance use disorders, anxiety disorders, and personality disorders...
November 20, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303955/reward-dysfunction-in-the-manic-spectrum-unable-to-win-the-use-of-biographical-information-to-refine-neurobiological-modeling
#4
David A Kahn
OBJECTIVE: The manic spectrum is thought to be characterized by a hypersensitive biobehavioral reward system, the behavioral activation system. Evidence for this framework comes from questionnaire-based, self-report data collected in cross-sectional and prospective studies of mania, mania in remission, and proneness to hypomania, and from functional neuroimaging investigations of brain reward circuit activity during incentivized choice protocols. Although heightened reward anticipation is consistently documented, the status of later goal attainment activity, hedonic responses, and satiety reactions is less clear...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303954/reward-dysfunction-in-the-manic-spectrum-unable-to-win-the-use-of-biographical-information-to-refine-neurobiological-modeling
#5
John F Gottlieb
OBJECTIVE: The manic spectrum is thought to be characterized by a hypersensitive biobehavioral reward system, the behavioral activation system. Evidence for this framework comes from questionnaire-based, self-report data collected in cross-sectional and prospective studies of mania, mania in remission, and proneness to hypomania, and from functional neuroimaging investigations of brain reward circuit activity during incentivized choice protocols. Although heightened reward anticipation is consistently documented, the status of later goal attainment activity, hedonic responses, and satiety reactions is less clear...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259543/neural-progenitor-cell-polarity-and-cortical-development
#6
Yoko Arai, Elena Taverna
Neurons populating the cerebral cortex are generated during embryonic development from neural stem and progenitor cells in a process called neurogenesis. Neural stem and progenitor cells are classified into several classes based on the different location of mitosis (apical or basal) and polarity features (bipolar, monopolar and non-polar). The polarized architecture of stem cells is linked to the asymmetric localization of proteins, mRNAs and organelles, such as the centrosome and the Golgi apparatus (GA). Polarity affects stem cell function and allows stem cells to integrate environmental cues from distinct niches in the developing cerebral cortex...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238235/oppositional-defiant-disorder-current-insight
#7
REVIEW
Abhishek Ghosh, Anirban Ray, Aniruddha Basu
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is diagnosed broadly on the basis of frequent and persistent angry or irritable mood, argumentativeness/defiance, and vindictiveness. Since its inception in the third Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, epidemiological and longitudinal studies have strongly suggested a distinct existence of ODD that is different from other closely related externalizing disorders, with different course and outcome and possibly discrete subtypes. However, several issues, such as symptom threshold, dimensional versus categorical conceptualization, and sex-specific symptoms, are yet to be addressed...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206038/introducing-the-bipolar-solvent-media-using-aqueous-mixtures-of-amino-acid-anion-based-ionic-liquids
#8
Vijay Beniwal, Anil Kumar
To carry out a chemical reaction between the reactants with largely different polarities it becomes important to have a reaction medium which possesses both the polar and non-polar solvation environments. In an attempt to explore the reaction media with such unique polarity properties, the present study provides a thorough understanding of the bipolar solvent media using the aqueous mixtures of amino-acid anion based ionic liquids. Highly polar behaviour of the binary mixtures used in the study has been ascribed to the pure ionic liquid state...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200575/are-we-overdiagnosing-bipolar-disorder
#9
M S Reddy, Starlin M Vijay, Swetha Reddy
Bipolar disorder (BD) is an established diagnostic entity used by clinicians for over a century. It is distinguished by the distinct manic and depressive episodes with interepisode euthymia. It has an illness course where both recovery and recurrences are a rule and has a good long-term prognosis, as reported earlier by Emil Kraeplin. There is an opinion in the current literature that BD is often underdiagnosed as unipolar depression, and based on that opinion, spectrum concept was introduced. Here, we present 5 cases to highlight that overdiagnosis of BD is also not infrequent and we discuss its reasons and therapeutic implications...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191242/copy-number-variation-meta-analysis-reveals-a-novel-duplication-at-9p24-associated-with-multiple-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#10
Joseph T Glessner, Jin Li, Dai Wang, Michael March, Leandro Lima, Akshatha Desai, Dexter Hadley, Charlly Kao, Raquel E Gur, Nadine Cohen, Patrick M A Sleiman, Qingqin Li, Hakon Hakonarson
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders represent a wide spectrum of heterogeneous yet inter-related disease conditions. The overlapping clinical presentations of these diseases suggest a shared genetic etiology. We aim to identify shared structural variants spanning the spectrum of five neuropsychiatric disorders. METHODS: We investigated copy number variations (CNVs) in five cohorts, including schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disease (BD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and depression, from 7849 cases and 10,799 controls...
November 30, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188907/prescribing-patterns-in-a-psychiatrically-referred-sample-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Julia Shekunov, Janet Wozniak, Kristina Conroy, Elizabeth Pinsky, Maura Fitzgerald, Melissa F de Leon, Abigail Belser, Joseph Biederman, Gagan Joshi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of psychopharmacologic interventions in a psychiatrically referred sample of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: This retrospective chart review aimed at collecting demographic and clinical information, including data on DSM-IV-TR criteria-based psychiatric disorders and related current medication treatment and response. Data were collected in December 2011. Clinicians identified the target disorder for each medication and any adverse events...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188905/review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiologic-studies-of-adult-bipolar-disorder
#12
Ana Lúcia R Moreira, Anna Van Meter, Jacquelynne Genzlinger, Eric A Youngstrom
OBJECTIVE: To test whether rates of bipolar disorder (BD) have changed over time or vary across geographic regions after adjusting for design features meta-analyzing epidemiologic studies reporting BD prevalence in adults worldwide. DATA SOURCES: Searches in PubMed and PsycINFO using the terms (epidemiology OR community OR prevalence) AND (mania OR "bipolar disorder" OR cyclothymi*) AND adult and backward searches from published reviews were conducted. STUDY SELECTION: Eighty-five epidemiologic studies published in English from 1980 onward that reported prevalence rates for BD or mania for subjects ≥ 18 years old were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179662/patient-experience-with-healthcare-services-among-older-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-compared-to-the-general-older-population
#13
Karen L Fortuna, Matthew C Lohman, John A Batsis, Elizabeth A DiNapoli, Peter R DiMilia, Martha L Bruce, Stephen J Bartels
Objective To compare patient experience with healthcare services and providers among older patients (≥50 years old) with and without serious mental illness. Methods Using secondary data from the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey from 2003 through 2013, we compared adults aged 50 years and older with schizophrenia spectrum disorder ( n = 106), mood disorders (i.e., major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder) ( n = 419), and no serious mental illness ( n = 34,921). Results Older adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder reported significantly worse provider communication than older adults without serious mental illness...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179576/rates-and-predictors-of-conversion-to-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-following-substance-induced-psychosis
#14
Marie Stefanie Kejser Starzer, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated the rates of conversion to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder after a substance-induced psychosis, as well as risk factors for conversion. METHOD: All patient information was extracted from the Danish Civil Registration System and the Psychiatric Central Research Register. The study population included all persons who received a diagnosis of substance-induced psychosis between 1994 and 2014 (N=6,788); patients were followed until first occurrence of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder or until death, emigration, or August 2014...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173093/molecular-network-selected-pharmacogenomics-in-a-case-of-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#15
Stefano Fortinguerra, Alessandro Buriani, Vincenzo Sorrenti, Michele Lenzi, Pietro Giusti
Personal genomic analysis was used for molecular diagnosis and pharmacogenomics in a 53-year-old female suffering from alternating depressive and dysphoric episodes. A total of 52 genes and 108 SNPs were analyzed in the whole genome. Results from the pharmacogenomic analysis were consistent with the pharmacological history and indicate mutations associated with low monoaminergic tone, but also a hyperactive 5HT2A receptor, a feature that associates to a high probability of developing a bipolar condition, especially under 5-hydroxytryptamine potentiating pharmacology...
November 27, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137178/antidepressants-and-mood-stabilizers-novel-research-avenues-and-clinical-insights-for-bipolar-depression
#16
REVIEW
In Hee Shim, Young Sup Woo, Moon-Doo Kim, Won-Myong Bahk
The concept of the bipolar-spectrum and of mixed features being a bridge between major depressive disorders and bipolar disorders (BDs) has become increasingly important in mood-disorder diagnoses. Under these circumstances, antidepressants (ADs) and mood stabilizers (MSs) should be used with caution in the treatment of major depressive episodes (MDEs) and to obtain long-term stability in BDs. Before treating MDEs, screening tools, specific symptom evaluation and medical history should be used to distinguish between bipolarity and mixed features in patients for whom AD monotherapy may present a risk...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116106/ventricular-depolarisation-vectors-in-exercise-induced-myocardial-ischaemia
#17
Cameruddin W Vellani, Mohammad Yusuf, Sadia Mahmud, Satwat Hashmi
Ischaemia reduces membrane excitability and conduction of myocardial depolarisation. This would alter the synergy of electromotive forces that contribute to a resultant force at any instant. Changes in magnitude and direction of resultant forces are reflected in electrocardiographic signals. Here we show a method for obtaining the coordinates of resultant electrical forces during exercise derived from a bipolar orthogonal lead system for calculation of electrical vectors in three planes. In a trial, analysis of changes in vectors indicated that the extent of reduction in magnitude with exercise was significantly greater in groups of patients categorized by impaired effort tolerance and signs of ischaemia...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114335/imaging-of-the-unstable-shoulder
#18
Paolo Baudi, Manuela Rebuzzi, Giovanni Matino, Fabio Catani
Background: Unstable shoulder can occur in different clinical scenarios with a broad spectrum of symptoms and presentations: first-time (or recurrent) traumatic acute shoulder anterior dislocation or chronic anterior instability after repeated dislocations.Imaging in unstable shoulder is fundamental for choosing the right treatment preventing recurrence.The goal of imaging depends on clinical scenario and patient characteristics. Method: Careful selection and evaluation of the imaging procedures is therefore essential to identify, characterize and quantify the lesions...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112198/co-aggregation-of-major-psychiatric-disorders-in-individuals-with-first-degree-relatives-with-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
C-M Cheng, W-H Chang, M-H Chen, C-F Tsai, T-P Su, C-T Li, S-J Tsai, J-W Hsu, K-L Huang, W-C Lin, T-J Chen, Y-M Bai
A previous genetic study has suggested that schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share common disease-associated genes. However, whether individuals with first-degree relatives (FDRs) with schizophrenia have a higher risk of these major psychiatric disorders requires further investigation. This study used Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database and identified 151 650 patients with schizophrenia and 227 967 individuals with FDRs with schizophrenia...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105664/brain-behavior-participant-similarity-networks-among-youth-and-emerging-adults-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-autism-spectrum-or-bipolar-disorder-and-matched-controls
#20
Laura Stefanik, Lauren Erdman, Stephanie H Ameis, George Foussias, Benoit H Mulsant, Tina Behdinan, Anna Goldenberg, Lauren J O'Donnell, Aristotle N Voineskos
There is considerable heterogeneity in social cognitive and neurocognitive performance among people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), bipolar disorder (BD), and healthy individuals. This study used Similarity Network Fusion (SNF), a novel data-driven approach, to identify participant similarity networks based on relationships among demographic, brain imaging, and behavioral data. T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images were obtained for 174 adolescents and young adults (aged 16-35 years) with an SSD (n=51), an ASD without intellectual disability (n=38), euthymic BD (n=34), and healthy controls (n=51)...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
86290
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"