keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metabolically healthy obese children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802767/which-predictors-differentiate-between-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-cardiometabolic-complications-and-those-with-metabolically-healthy-obesity-mho
#1
Merav Margolis-Gil, Michal Yackobovitz-Gavan, Moshe Phillip, Shlomit Shalitin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Childhood obesity and associated metabolic comorbidities is a major global health concern. Metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) may represent a subgroup of individuals in which excessive body fat accumulation does not lead to adverse metabolic effects. We aimed to determine the prevalence of MHO among obese Israeli children and adolescents and to find predictors for metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO). METHODS: In a retrospective study, demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle, and cardiometabolic data were retrieved from medical records of patients with a BMI >95th percentile aged 6-17...
May 26, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789273/insulin-resistance-is-related-to-psychiatric-disorders-among-obese-children
#2
Deniz Özalp Kızılay, Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Semra Şen, Yekta Özkan, Betül Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate psychiatric consequences of obesity (OBy) and the relationship between metabolic syndrome components and psychiatric disorders in children. Our secondaryaim was to elucidate which of the anthropometric parameters or metabolic components were most strongly associated with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The study included 88 obese(OB)and overweight (OW) children with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 85th percentile...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780825/changes-in-cholinesterase-activity-in-blood-of-adolescent-with-metabolic-syndrome-after-supplementation-with-extract-from-aronia-melanocarpa
#3
Piotr Duchnowicz, Anna Ziobro, Elżbieta Rapacka, Maria Koter-Michalak, Bożena Bukowska
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are growing problems among children and adolescents. There are no reports of changes in the activity of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome especially after supplementation with extract from Aronia melanocarpa . Materials studied included plasma and erythrocytes isolated from peripheral blood of patients with MetS and healthy subjects. We have estimated the following parameters: acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity, lipid peroxidation and lipids levels in plasma, and erythrocytes membrane...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764626/25-hydroxvitamin-d-concentrations-are-not-lower-in-children-with-bronchial-asthma-atopic-dermatitis-obesity-or-attention-deficient-hyperactivity-disorder-than-in-healthy-children
#4
Thomas Reinehr, Christian Langrock, Eckard Hamelmann, Thomas Lücke, Cordula Koerner-Rettberg, Martin Holtmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Stephanie Gest, Mirjam Frank, Börge Schmidt, Katharina Radkowski, Karl-Heinz Jöckel
Vitamin D (vitD) is involved in immune regulation, and its receptor has been identified in several tissues including lung, adipose tissue, brain, and skin. Based on these observations, it has been suggested that vitD has an essential role not only in bone metabolism but also in other diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD), bronchial asthma (BA), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obesity because the affected tissues express vitD receptors. Furthermore, obesity, AD, and BA are regarded as inflammatory diseases...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762376/microbial-fermentation-of-starch-its-impact-on-the-range-of-acceptable-carbohydrate-intake
#5
Satish C Kalhan
Starch, a major source of carbohydrates in human nutrition, is extensively hydrolyzed in the gastrointestinal tract of children and adults. A small fraction of the ingested starch reaches the cecum and colon where it is fermented by the gut microbiome into short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and other products. Recent data in humans and in animal models have demonstrated the extensive effects of short-chain fatty acids on whole body energy metabolism, appetite, insulin resistance, fatty acid oxidation, fat accretion, obesity, and diabetes...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733496/children-s-stress-related-reports-and-stress-biomarkers-interact-in-their-association-with-metabolic-syndrome-risk
#6
Nathalie Michels, Dante Matthys, Barbara Thumann, Staffan Marild, Stefaan De Henauw
The purpose was to examine the cross-sectional associations of stress-related reports and stress biomarkers with metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in children while also testing the interaction between stress biomarkers and stress reports. In 353 children (5-10 years old, 7.9% overweight/obese), MetS risk was measured by blood pressure, waist circumference, glucose homeostasis, triglycerides, and high-density cholesterol. Stress was measured by stress-related reports (events, emotions, and internalizing/externalizing problems) and two biomarkers: salivary cortisol (total-day and morning output) and heart rate variability (percentage of consecutive normal RR intervals differing more than 50 ms and low-to-high-frequency ratio)...
May 7, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709336/short-term-metabolic-control-and-sleep-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Martina Kostkova, Peter Durdik, Miriam Ciljakova, Jarmila Vojtkova, Anna Sujanska, Katarina Pozorciakova, Zuzana Snahnicanova, Maria Jancinova, Peter Banovcin
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine sleep in T1D children and in healthy controls by polysomnographic (PSG) examination and to determine the influence of short-term metabolic compensation on sleep quality and sleep disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: The prospective cross-sectional study included 44 T1D subjects and 60 healthy controls, aged 10-19 years. Subjects underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory testing and standard overnight in-laboratory video polysomnography with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699814/dxa-measured-visceral-fat-mass-and-lean-body-mass-reflect-abnormal-metabolic-phenotypes-among-some-obese-and-nonobese-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#8
W Q Ding, J T Liu, Y X Shang, B Gao, X Y Zhao, H P Zhao, W J Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The exact constellation of body composition characteristics among metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) and nonobese (MUNO) children and adolescents remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the major body composition determinants of metabolically unhealthy phenotypes among Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey in 2015 that included 1983 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years...
June 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691953/circulating-mots-c-levels-are-decreased-in-obese-male-children-and-adolescents-and-associated-with-insulin-resistance
#9
Caiqi Du, Cai Zhang, Wei Wu, Yan Liang, Anru Wang, Shimin Wu, Yue Zhao, Ling Hou, Qin Ning, Xiaoping Luo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A novel bioactive peptide, mitochondrial-derived peptide (MOTS-c), has recently attracted attention as a potential prevention or therapeutic option for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MOTS-c profiles have not yet been reported in human obesity and T2DM. We aimed to determine circulating MOTS-c levels in obesity and explore the association between MOTS-c levels and various metabolic parameters. METHODS: In this case-control study, 40 obese children and adolescents (27 males) and 57 controls (40 males) were recruited in the Hubei Province of China in 2017...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569446/who-healthy-diet-to-prevent-chronic-diseases-and-caries
#10
L Paglia
For some years now, the WHO has recommended less than 10% of energy intake from free sugars. The same document also stresses the need to bring this limit below 5% as soon as possible. These guidelines have been promoted with the aim of reducing the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity and metabolic syndrome. At the same time, the reduction of free sugars in the diet can be part of a strategy to reduce the prevalence of caries, which is known to be an infectious and transmissible multifactorial disease known to be "triggered" by wrong dietary habits...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568109/mitochondrial-inefficiency-in-infants-born-to-overweight-african-american-mothers
#11
Manjusha Abraham, Christina A Collins, Scott Flewelling, Maraya Camazine, Alison Cahill, W Todd Cade, Jennifer G Duncan
BACKGROUND: Currently 20-35% of pregnant women are obese, posing a major health risk for mother and fetus. It is postulated that an abnormal maternal-fetal nutritional environment leads to adverse metabolic programming, resulting in altered substrate metabolism in the offspring and predisposing to risks of obesity and diabetes later in life. Data indicate that oocytes from overweight animals have abnormal mitochondria. We hypothesized that maternal obesity is associated with altered mitochondrial function in healthy neonatal offspring...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568108/lifestyle-of-women-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-offspring-obesity-during-childhood-through-early-adulthood
#12
Klodian Dhana, Geng Zong, Changzheng Yuan, Eva Schernhammer, Cuilin Zhang, Xiaobin Wang, Frank B Hu, Jorge E Chavarro, Alison E Field, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: In women, adhering to an overall healthy lifestyle is associated with a dramatically reduced risk of cardio-metabolic disorders. Whether such a healthy lifestyle exerts an intergenerational effects on child health deserves examination. METHODS: We included 5701 children (9-14 years old at baseline) of the Growing Up Today Study 2, and their mothers, who are participants in the Nurses' Health Study II. Pre-pregnancy healthy lifestyle was defined as a normal body mass index, no smoking, physical activity ≥150 min/week, and diet in the top 40% of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531563/lipid-regulatory-genes-polymorphism-in-children-with-and-without-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-the-caspian-iii-study
#13
Silva Hovsepian, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Marjan Mansourian, Mahin Hashemipour, Mohamadhasan Tajadini, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Genetically, predisposed children are considered as at-risk individuals for cardiovascular disease. In this study, we aimed to compare the frequency of four-lipid regulatory polymorphism in obese and normal-weight children with and without cardiometabolic risk factors. Materials and Methods: In this nested case-control study, 600 samples of four groups of participants consisted of those with normal weight with and without cardiometabolic risk factors and obese with and without cardiometabolic risk factors...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494339/the-relationship-between-diet-quality-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-children-adaptation-of-the-healthy-lifestyle-diet-index-in-turkey
#14
Yasemin Ertaş Öztürk, Rukiye Bozbulut, Esra Döğer, Aysun Bideci, Eda Köksal
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity and its complications are serious health problems and diet/lifestyle changes can be beneficial for the prevention of diseases. Adaptation of the Healthy Lifestyle-Diet (HLD) Index in accordance with the dietary guidelines for Turkey (TR) and determination of the relationship between metabolic syndrome risk factors in obese children were the aims of this study. METHODS: This study was conducted on 164 overweight or obese children (87 male, 77 female) aged 9-13 years...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458745/sleep-duration-independently-influences-metabolic-body-size-phenotype-in-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#15
Han Hyuk Lim
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have found an association between sleep duration and obesity. However, the relationship between sleep duration and metabolic body size phenotype in children and adolescents remains unknown. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 3650 participants (1946 boys and 1704 girls) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012 were classified into four phenotypes according to body mass index and metabolic heath status based on the definition of metabolic syndrome by NCEP-ATP III or the International Diabetes Federation...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444663/gender-related-differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-lifestyle-behaviors-in-treatment-seeking-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#16
Lisa Ha Barstad, Pétur B Júlíusson, Line Kristin Johnson, Jens Kristoffer Hertel, Samira Lekhal, Jøran Hjelmesæth
BACKGROUND: Obesity during adolescence is associated with cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. The adverse obesity-related cardiometabolic risk profile is already observed in adolescence. We aimed to examine possible gender differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors among adolescents with severe obesity, hypothesizing that boys would have both a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome as well as less healthy lifestyle behaviors than girls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity who attended the Morbid Obesity Centre at Vestfold Hospital Trust and who were consecutively enrolled in the Vestfold Register of Obese Children between September 2009 and September 2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402762/effect-on-the-metabolic-biomarkers-in-schoolchildren-after-a-comprehensive-intervention-using-electronic-media-and-in-person-sessions-to-change-lifestyles-community-trial
#17
Jenny Vilchis-Gil, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Samuel Flores-Huerta
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic low-intensity state of inflammation with metabolic alterations that, when acquired during childhood, lead to severe illness in adults. Encouraging healthy eating habits and physical activity is the basis for preventing and treating obesity and its complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how a comprehensive intervention promoting healthy eating habits and physical activities in schools affects children's metabolic biomarkers. METHODS: Of four Mexico City primary schools in this study, two groups of children that were recruited at their schools were assigned to a 12-month intervention group (IG) and the other two were assigned to control groups (CGs)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399981/maternal-metabolic-health-parameters-during-pregnancy-in-relation-to-early-childhood-bmi-trajectories
#18
Parisa Montazeri, Martine Vrijheid, David Martinez, Mikel Basterrechea, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Monica Guxens, Carmen Iñiguez, Aitana Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Damaskini Valvi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between maternal metabolic parameters and early childhood BMI trajectories. METHODS: Two thousand two hundred fifty-one children born in Spain between 2004 and 2008 were analyzed. Five BMI z score trajectories from birth to age 4 years were identified by using latent class growth analysis. Multinomial regression assessed the associations between maternal metabolic parameters and offspring's BMI trajectories...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379536/bifidobacteria-and-lactobacilli-in-the-gut-microbiome-of-children-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-which-strains-act-as-health-players
#19
Valerio Nobili, Lorenza Putignani, Antonella Mosca, Federica Del Chierico, Pamela Vernocchi, Anna Alisi, Laura Stronati, Salvatore Cucchiara, Marco Toscano, Lorenzo Drago
Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), considered the leading cause of chronic liver disease in children, can often progress from non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is clear that obesity is one of the main risk factors involved in NAFLD pathogenesis, even if specific mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. We investigated the distribution of intestinal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the stools of four groups of children: obese, obese with NAFL, obese with NASH, and healthy, age-matched controls (CTRLs)...
January 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346138/obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Edward Nehus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent advances in the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, and treatment of obesity-related kidney disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have confirmed that obesity is associated with increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). This risk extends to those who are metabolically healthy, indicating that obesity per se contributes to CKD independent of the metabolic syndrome. Recent developments in the pathophysiology of obesity-related kidney disease indicate that chronic inflammation and abnormal lipid metabolism contribute to kidney cell injury...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
8629
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"