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Saravanan Shanmugam, John Prakash Baby, Rahul Chandran, Sajeesh Thankarajan, Parimelazhagan Thangaraj
The present study was aimed to evaluate the nutritional, antioxidant properties and inhibition of the key enzyme such as α-amylase and α-glucosidase from the fruits of Maesa indica. The results revealed that M. indica fruits possess an enormous amount of protein (45.68 mg/g), carbohydrates (25.12 mg/g) and mineral elements. The acetone extract were capable of hunting radicals by providing electrons and break chain reaction, especially in ABTS(·+) (3719.23 µmol TE/g extract), OH(·) (66.50 %) and NO(·) (81...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Folasade M Olajuyigbe, Cornelius O Fatokun
Functionality of enzymes within narrow pH range and temperature is a major challenge which limits their industrial applications, hence, there is need to search for thermostable pH-versatile enzymes. Here, a novel thermostable pH-versatile laccase from Sporothrix carnis CPF-05 was purified by ion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. Single protein band on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) confirmed homogeneity of the enzyme with molecular weight of 56kDa. Enzyme yield was 3...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ying Peng, Li-Li Lou, Si-Fan Liu, Le Zhou, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang Song
Seven new neolignans (1-2, 7-11) and five known compounds (3-6, 12) were isolated from the 70% EtOH extract of hawthorn seeds. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of all the isolates were investigated. Most of the isolates showed moderate radical scavenging activity in the DPPH assay and significant activities in the ABTS and FRAP assays. Furthermore, compounds 7-12 exhibited marked nitric oxide (NO) inhibition and compounds 1-4 had a potent necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitory effect...
October 7, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Daniel Bedoya-Ramírez, Antonio Cilla, José Contreras-Calderón, Amparo Alegría-Torán
Antioxidant capacity (AC), total phenolics (TPs), furan compounds (HMF and furfural F) and cytoprotective/cytotoxic effects upon Caco-2 cells (MTT, cell cycle and reactive oxygen species (ROS)) were evaluated in Colombian coffee (2 ground and 4 soluble samples). The AC (ABTS and FRAP), TPs and HMF ranged between 124-722, 95-802μmoles Trolox/g, 21-100mg gallic acid/g and 69-2900mg/kg, respectively. Pretreatment of cells for 24h with lyophilized coffee infusions at the highest dose without cytotoxic effects (500μg/mL) significantly prevented the decrease in cell viability compared to control stress with H2O2 (5mM/2h), recovering viability to values between 34% and 45% and restoring the control values without stress induction in the G1 phase of cell cycle...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Ruiwen Yang, Xingfang Li, Songyi Lin, Zuoming Zhang, Feng Chen
In the present study, two novel peptides Lys-Trp-Phe-Cys-Thr (KWFCT) and Gln-Trp-Phe-Cys-Thr (QWFCT) were purified and identified from 3 to 10kDa pine nut (Pinus koraiensis) meal protein. Their cytotoxicity and antioxidant activities in vitro were determined. Additionally, pulsed electric field technology, antioxidant activities, and circular dichroism were used together to investigate the relationship between antioxidant activities and secondary structure. The results showed that neither peptide demonstrated cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Liping Sun, Weidan Chang, Qingyu Ma, Yongliang Zhuang
In this study, the stable collagen hydrolysate was prepared by alcalase hydrolysis and twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion from Alaska pollock skin. The characteristics of hydrolysates and antioxidant activities in vitro, including 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical (ABTS(•+)) scavenging activity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and hydroxyl radical (OH·) scavenging activity, were determined. After twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion of skin collagen (SGI-2), the degree of hydrolysis (DH) reached 26...
October 17, 2016: Marine Drugs
Lavanya Kakarla, Suresh Babu Katragadda, Ashok K Tiwari, K Srigiridhar Kotamraju, K Madhusudana, D Anand Kumar, Mahendran Botlagunta
BACKGROUND: Cyperus scariosus R. Br and Cyperus rotundus L are widely used in ayurvedic preparation for the treatment of diabetes and other diseases. The early literature, so far, does not indicate the presence of any bioactive principle isolated from these plants. OBJECTIVE: To identify free radical scavenging, anti-diabetic and anti- inflammatory principles from these two species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bioassay guided fractionation and isolation of active constituents was done by chromatographic techniques...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Parayil Varghese Christapher, Subramani Parasuraman, Palanimuthu Vasanth Raj, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Murugaiyah Vikneswaran
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antihyperlipidemic, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effect of aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of Polygonum minus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute antihyperlipidemic effect was studied on chemically induced hyperlipidemic rat model. Treated groups received aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of P. minus respectively (1000 mg/kg; oral) whereas standard treated group received atorvastatin (60 mg/kg; oral) for 3 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected at fixed intervals for lipid profile analysis...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Saad S Dahham, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Abdelhafeez M A Mohammed, Nagla M Eltayeb, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Aman Shah Abdul Majid
BACKGROUND: Balanite aegyptiaca (L.) Delile, is a plant with extensive medicinal properties. Its stem bark is traditionally known for its spasmolytic and antiepileptic properties and used to treat yellow fever, jaundice and syphilis. Angiogenesis (sprouting of new blood vessels) is crucial for tumor growth and metastasis. The goal of this study is investigate the antiangiogenic, cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity as well as antitumor in vivo properties of B. aegyptiaca stem bark extracts...
October 19, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
M Jasmin Fathi Jasni, Palanivel Sathishkumar, Sundaram Sornambikai, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Fuad Ameen, Nor Aziah Buang, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, Zulkifli Yusop
In this study, laccase was immobilized on nylon 6,6/Fe(3+) composite (NFC) nanofibrous membrane and used for the detoxification of 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine (DMOB). The average size and tensile strength of the NFC membrane were found to be 60-80 nm (diameter) and 2.70 MPa, respectively. The FTIR results confirm that the amine (N-H) group of laccase was attached with Fe(3+) particles and the carbonyl (C=O) group of NFC membrane via hydrogen bonding. The half-life of the laccase-NFC membrane storage stability was increased from 6 to 11 weeks and the reusability was significantly extended up to 43 cycles against ABTS oxidation...
October 18, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Emmanuel Anyachukwu Irondi, Samson Olalekan Agboola, Ganiyu Oboh, Aline Augusti Boligon
AIM: To evaluate the phenolics composition and inhibitory effect of the leaves extracts of Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum gratissimum on two key enzymes (pancreatic lipase [PL] and angiotensin 1-converting enzyme [ACE]) involved in obesity and hypertension in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The phenolics (flavonoids and phenolic acids) were quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection. PL and ACE inhibitory effects; DPPH* and ABTS*(+) scavenging activities of the extracts were tested using spectrophotometric methods...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Laura M Gault, Robert A Lenz, Craig W Ritchie, Andreas Meier, Ahmed A Othman, Qi Tang, Scott Berry, Yili Pritchett, Weining Z Robieson
BACKGROUND: Results from a phase 2a study indicated that treatment with the novel α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist ABT-126 25 mg once daily (QD) was associated with a trend for improvement in cognition in subjects with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's dementia (AD). A phase 2b program was designed to evaluate a broader dose range of ABT-126 as monotherapy in subjects with mild-to-moderate AD. The program consisted of a double-blind, placebo and active controlled study of ABT-126 (dose range 25-75 mg) and an open-label extension study (75 mg)...
October 18, 2016: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Xiao An, Yuehu Pei, Shaofei Chen, Shengge Li, Xiaolong Hu, Gang Chen, Bin Lin, Haifeng Wang
Three new butenolides aspernolides H-J (1-3) together with seven known ones (4-10) were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus sp. CBS-P-2. Their chemical structures were established on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data, HR-ESI-MS analysis, and their absolute configuration were determined by circular dichroism (CD) analysis. All the compounds were evaluated for the antioxidant effects by DPPH and ABTS methods, the antitumor activities against four human tumor cell lines (HL-60, ASPC1, HCT-116 and PC-3) and antimicrobial activities...
October 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Timothy C Sell, Jonathan J Pederson, John P Abt, Takashi Nagai, Jennifer Deluzio, Michael D Wirt, Larry J McCord, Scott M Lephart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Military Medicine
Aun Raza, Feng Li, Xiuquan Xu, Jian Tang
Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize experimental conditions for ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) of antioxidant crude polysaccharides (CPS) from Trapa quadrispinosa stems. Antioxidant capacity of polysaccharides was determined by Ferric-Reducing Antioxidant Capacity (FRAC) assay with the method of 1, 10-phenanthroline. The maximum yield of polysaccharides (2.78±0.16%) was obtained under optimal extraction conditions of extraction time, 41min; ratio of water to material, 31.5mL/g; and extraction temperature, 58°C...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ilias Lagkouvardos, Rüdiger Pukall, Birte Abt, Bärbel U Foesel, Jan P Meier-Kolthoff, Neeraj Kumar, Anne Bresciani, Inés Martínez, Sarah Just, Caroline Ziegler, Sandrine Brugiroux, Debora Garzetti, Mareike Wenning, Thi P N Bui, Jun Wang, Floor Hugenholtz, Caroline M Plugge, Daniel A Peterson, Mathias W Hornef, John F Baines, Hauke Smidt, Jens Walter, Karsten Kristiansen, Henrik B Nielsen, Dirk Haller, Jörg Overmann, Bärbel Stecher, Thomas Clavel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Nature Microbiology
Lijia Chen, Steven Fletcher
The myeloid cell leukemia -1 (MCL-1) protein is one of the key anti-apoptotic protein members of the B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) protein family. Over-expression of MCL-1 has been closely related to tumor progression as well as resistance to not only traditional chemotherapies but also targeted therapeutics including BCL-2 inhibitors such as ABT-263. Therefore, extensive research and development in the last fifteen years in both academic and industrial settings to address this unmet medical need. Areas covered: This review covers research and patent literature of the past 10 years in the field of discovery and development of small-molecule inhibitors of the MCL-1 anti-apoptotic protein...
October 17, 2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Sarah L Cuddihy, Sarah Drake, D Tim Harwood, Andrew I Selwood, Paul S McNabb, Mark B Hampton
Portimine is a recently discovered member of a class of marine micro-algal toxins called cyclic imines. In dramatic contrast to related compounds in this toxin class, portimine has very low acute toxicity to mice but is highly cytotoxic to cultured cells. In this study we show that portimine kills human Jurkat T-lymphoma cells and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), with LC50 values of 6 and 2.5 nM respectively. Treated cells displayed rapid caspase activation and phosphatidylserine exposure, indicative of apoptotic cell death...
October 13, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
R H Hamunyela, A M Serafin, J M Akudugu
Targeting pro-survival cell signaling components has been promising in cancer therapy, but the benefit of targeting with single agents is limited. For malignancies such as triple-negative breast cancer, there is a paucity of targets that are amenable to existing interventions as they are devoid of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), progesterone receptor (PR), and estrogen receptor (ER). Concurrent targeting of cell signaling entities other than HER2, PR and ER with multiple agents may be more effective...
October 10, 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Petra Wrent, Eva-María Rivas, José M Peinado, María-Isabel de Silóniz
Based on IGS-PCR RFLP polymorphism, we previously detected two Z. rouxii strains (CECT 11923 and CECT 10425) that clustered with hybrid strains (NCYC 1682, NCYC 3060 and NCYC 3061). Given the recently recognized important industrial role of hybrids, their detection is very useful. Based on the IGS1 rDNA region alignment of hybrid strains and the Z. rouxii CECT 11923 and CECT 10425, in this work, we developed a pair of Zygosaccharomyces hybrid-specific primers, HibZF/HibZR. Positive amplicons were only obtained in the Zygosaccharomyces spp...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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