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Hak-Jae Kim, Chun-Geon Park, Rakesh Varghese, Ji Yeon Lee, YoungOck Kim, Gi-Ho Sung
The leaf of Aurea helianthus ( A. helianthus Jinhuakui) is popularly used in China traditional medicine, however, scientific evidence on its antioxidant properties rarely studied. In this study, biological activities of A. helianthus leave's 80% ethanol extract (AHL) were investigated. The measured total polyphenol and flavonoid content of AHL was 184.24 ± 5.01 mg GAE/g and 102.53 ± 0.98 mg NAR/g. AHL showed the highest α, α -diphenyl- β -picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities of 98...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Michael L Maitland, Sarina Piha-Paul, Gerald Falchook, Razelle Kurzrock, Ly Nguyen, Linda Janisch, Sanja Karovic, Mark McKee, Elizabeth Hoening, Shekman Wong, Wijith Munasinghe, Joann Palma, Cherrie Donawho, Guinan K Lian, Peter Ansell, Mark J Ratain, David Hong
BACKGROUND: Ilorasertib (ABT-348) inhibits Aurora and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) kinases. Patients with advanced solid tumours participated in a phase 1 dose-escalation trial to profile the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of ilorasertib. METHODS: Ilorasertib monotherapy was administered at 10-180 mg orally once daily (Arm I, n = 23), 40-340 mg orally twice daily (Arm II, n = 28), or 8-32 mg intravenously once daily (Arm III, n = 7), on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28-day cycle...
March 19, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Mariana Maciel de Oliveira, Regina Gomes Daré, Érica Oliveira Barizão, Jesuí Vergílio Visentainer, Mariza Barion Romagnolo, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Maria da Conceição Torrado Truiti
The total phenolic content (TP) and antioxidant activity of the ethanolic extract and fractions that were obtained from the leaves of Nectandra hihua were assessed using different methods. The ethanolic extract (EE) and ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) had the best antioxidant capacity, which was comparable to butylated hydroxytoluene and quercetin (ABTS+ 2.55 ± 0.06, 3.54 ± 0.03 mmol TE/g; DPPH IC50 10.27 ± 0.05, 9.88 ± 0.02 μg/mL; FRAP 2.17 ± 0.08, 2.38 ± 0.04 mmol TE/g; ORAC 5...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Sunantha Ketnawa, Malithi Wickramathilaka, Andrea M Liceaga
Two samples of trout frame protein hydrolysates were prepared by Microwave Pretreatment followed by Conventional Enzymatic hydrolysis (MPCE) and Non-Pretreated followed by Microwave-assisted Enzymatic hydrolysis (NPME), respectively, were subjected to simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Changes on degree of hydrolysis, antioxidant activity, molecular weight, and amino acid composition between undigested and after gastrointestinal digestion of peptides were investigated. Comparing to undigested peptides, a breakdown of MPCE and NPME into smaller molecules was observed...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
El-Sayed M Abdel-Aal, Pierre Hucl, Iwona Rabalski
Demands for anthocyanin-rich ingredients are steadily growing due to their positive functions in human health and food coloration. Commercially available purple wheat was evaluated as a source of functional ingredients based on anthocyanin composition and antioxidant properties. Anthocyanins were concentrated in the bran fraction by about 2-fold and then the bran was further processed into anthocyanin-rich powder using ethanol extraction and column purification. Batch studies showed that anthocyanin concentration factor increased by about 81- to 135-fold in the powder depending on batch size...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Abdelmageed M Othman, Maysa A Elsayed, Ali M Elshafei, Mohamed M Hassan
Agaricus bisporus CU13 laccase was purified using ammonium sulfate precipitation (40-80%), Sephadex G100, and DEAE Sephadex A50 anion exchange column chromatography, respectively. Two laccase isoenzymes (Lacc1 & Lacc2) with purification folds of 1.40 and 5.81 respectively, were obtained from DEAE Sephadex A50 column. Optimal temperature and pH were recorded at 55 °C and pH 5.0 for both laccase isoenzymes using ABTS as substrate. Lacc1 was more thermostable than Lacc2 with residual activity of 95, 80 and 6%, while Lacc2 only retained 72, 25 and 0...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Siyabulela S B N Ntuli, Wentzel C A Gelderblom, David R Katerere
BACKGROUND: Sutherlandia frutescens (L.) R. Br is endemic to Southern Africa where it has been traditionally used for cancer and diabetes. In recent times it has been marketed for its reputed (but not proven) anticancer, antidiabetic and anti-HIV properties. Little is known about the mutagenic and antimutagenic potential of extracts and common marker compounds of Sutherlandia frutescens. Therefore this study aimed to investigate the putative efficacy and possible long-term adverse effects of using this herb...
March 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Kosuke Ebina, Motomu Hashimoto, Wataru Yamamoto, Akira Ohnishi, Daijiro Kabata, Toru Hirano, Ryota Hara, Masaki Katayama, Shuzo Yoshida, Koji Nagai, Yonsu Son, Hideki Amuro, Kengo Akashi, Takanori Fujimura, Makoto Hirao, Keiichi Yamamoto, Ayumi Shintani, Atsushi Kumanogoh, Hideki Yoshikawa
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the retention and discontinuation reasons of seven biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in a real-world setting of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 1,037 treatment courses with bDMARDs from 2009 to 2016 [female, 81.8%; baseline age, 59.6 y; disease duration 7.8 y; rheumatoid factor positivity 81.5%; Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR), 4.4; concomitant prednisolone 43.5% and methotrexate 68...
2018: PloS One
Enxiang Zhang, Shutao Yin, Xiaotong Lu, Linhu Ye, Lihong Fan, Hongbo Hu
Glycycoumarin (GCM) is a representative of bioactive coumarin compounds isolated from licorice, an edible and medicinal plant widely used for treating various diseases including liver diseases. The purpose of the present study is to examine the possibility of GCM as a sensitizer to improve the efficacy of BH3 mimetic ABT-737 against liver cancer. Three liver cancer cell lines (HepG2, Huh-7 and SMMC-7721) were used to evaluate the in vitro combinatory effect of ABT-737/GCM. HepG2 xenograft model was employed to assess the in vivo efficacy of ABT-737/GCM combination...
March 15, 2018: Nutrients
S Kharchoufi, J Gomez, C Lasanta, R Castro, F Sainz, M Hamdi
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the beneficial health effects of certain fruits, such as pomegranate, and their by-products, like vinegar. Vinegars contain antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols, which can scavenge free radicals in the body. In this study, the antioxidant properties (ABTS and DPPH scavenging capacities) and global polyphenolic composition of a new functional product, namely a pomegranate vinegar produced in the laboratory from the Gabsi variety, were evaluated and compared with those of commercial wine vinegars (Sherry and Rioja red wine Spanish vinegars)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Ren-You Gan, Kin-Weng Kong, Hua-Bin Li, Kao Wu, Ying-Ying Ge, Chak-Lun Chan, Xian-Ming Shi, Harold Corke
The red sword bean ( Canavalia gladiata ) is an underutilized edible bean cultivated in China. It was previously found to have the highest content of antioxidant polyphenols among 42 edible beans, mainly gallic acid, and gallotannins in its red bean coat, an apparently unique characteristic among edible beans. In this study, the main phenolic compounds in red sword bean coats were further separated by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and identified by LC-MS/MS. Furthermore, the FRAP and ABTS antioxidant activities and antibacterial activity (diameter of inhibition zone, DIZ) of main gallotannin-rich fractions were tested...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Ji-Won Kim, Sungbin Im, Ha-Ram Jeong, Young-Seung Jung, Inil Lee, Kwan Joong Kim, Seung Kook Park, Dae-Ok Kim
Korean red pine ( Pinus densiflora ) is one of the major Pinus species in Korea. Red pine barkis removed prior to the chipping process in the wood industry and discarded aswaste. However, red pine bark contains a considerable amount of naturally occurring phenolics including flavonoids and therefore may have a variety of biological effects. In this study, we investigated if Korean red pine bark extract (KRPBE) could protect neuronal PC-12 cells from oxidative stress and inhibit cholinesterase activity.Analysis of reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography results revealed four phenolics in KRPBE:vanillin, protocatechuic acid, catechin and taxifolin...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
Introduction: The aim of this 18-month retrospective study was to evaluate the differences in outcomes of denosumab with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (TNFis), tocilizumab (TCZ), or abatacept (ABT) treatment in osteoporosis (OP) patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients and methods: Patients were divided into TNFis-treated (TNF group; 44 cases), TCZ-treated (TCZ group; 8 cases), or ABT-treated (ABT group; 14 cases) groups. We measured serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) at baseline and every 3 months for 18 months and assessed bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar 1-4 vertebrae (L-BMD) and total hip BMD (H-BMD) at baseline and every 6 months for 18 months...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Hitomi Hosoya, Jeffrey Levine, Peter Abt, David Henry, David L Porter, Saar Gill
Sickle-cell disease (SCD) leads to recurrent vaso-occlusive crises, chronic end-organ damage, and resultant physical, psychological, and social disabilities. Although hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is potentially curative for SCD, this procedure is associated with well-recognized morbidity and mortality and thus is ideally offered only to patients at high risk of significant complications. However, it is difficult to identify patients at high risk before significant complications have occurred, and once patients experience significant organ damage, they are considered poor candidates for HSCT...
March 13, 2018: Blood Advances
Katarzyna Szewczyk, Esther Marie Heise, Jakub P Piwowarski
Preliminary characterization and bioactivity of water-soluble polysaccharides from four Impatiens species- I. glandulifera Royle, I. parviflora DC., I. balsamina L., and I. noli-tangere L.-were investigated. The yields of polysaccharides range widely from 1.97% for I. parviflora roots to 18.63% for I. balsamina aerial parts. SEC (Size exclusion chromatography) chromatograms show that all samples contained a low molecular weight part that consisted of components of similar molecular weight. The aerial parts and roots of I...
March 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Glenwood D Goss, Everett E Vokes, Michael S Gordon, Leena Gandhi, Kyriakos P Papadopoulos, Drew W Rasco, JuDee S Fischer, Katharine L Chu, William W Ames, Rajendar K Mittapalli, Ho-Jin Lee, Jiewei Zeng, Lisa A Roberts-Rapp, Lise I Loberg, Peter J Ansell, Edward B Reilly, Christopher J Ocampo, Kyle D Holen, Anthony W Tolcher
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) alterations are associated with multiple cancers. Current EGFR-directed therapies have led to increased efficacy but are associated with specific side effects. The antibody-drug conjugate depatuxizumab mafodotin (depatux-m) targets EGFR with a monoclonal antibody linked to a cytotoxin, and is highly tumor-specific. METHODS: This phase 1/2 study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of depatux-m in patients who had advanced solid tumors with known wild-type EGFR overexpression, amplification, or mutated EGFR variant III...
March 13, 2018: Cancer
Rim Mtibaà, Dario Rafael Olicón-Hernández, Clementina Pozo, Moncef Nasri, Tahar Mechichi, Jesus González, Elisabet Aranda
Four different laccase-producing strains were isolated from arid soils and used for bisphenol A (BPA) degradation. These strains were identified as Chaetomium strumarium G5I, Thielavia arenaria CH9, Thielavia arenaria HJ22 and Thielavia arenaria SM1(III) by internal transcribed spacer 5.8 S rDNA analysis. Residual BPA was evaluated by HPLC analysis during 48 h of incubation. A complete removal of BPA was observed by the whole cell fungal cultures within different times, depending on each strain. C. strumarium G5I was the most efficient degrader, showing 100% of removal within 8 h of incubation...
March 13, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Muhammad Luqman Nordin, Arifah Abdul Kadir, Zainul Amiruddin Zakaria, Rasedee Abdullah, Muhammad Nazrul Hakim Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Ardisia crispa Thunb. D.C is used mostly in some parts of the Asian region by traditional practitioners to treat certain diseases associated with oxidative stress and inflammation including cancer and rheumatism. In Malaysia, it is popularly known as 'Mata Ayam' and local traditional practitioners believed that the root of the plant is therapeutically beneficial. METHODS: The cytotoxic effect of hydromethanolic extract of A. crispa and its solvents partitions (ethyl acetate and aqueous extracts) against breast cancer cells were evaluated by using MTT assay...
March 12, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ali Vafaei, Jamaludin Bin Mohamad, Ehsan Karimi
In this study the antioxidant and cytotoxicity activity of the Adonidia merrillii fruits were investigated using different solvent polarities (methanol, ethyl acetate and water). The results showed that the total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the methanolic extract was higher compare with other extract with respective values of 17.80 ± 0.45 mg gallic acid equivalents/g dry weight (DW) and 5.43 ± 0.33 mg rutin equivalents/g DW. Beside that The RP-HPLC analyses indicated the presence of gallic acid, pyrogallol, caffeic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, naringin and rutin...
March 12, 2018: Natural Product Research
Sirin Uysal, Sulunay Parlar, Ayse H Tarikogullari, Fadime Aydin Kose, Vildan Alptuzun, Zeynep Soyer
A series of N-substituted-5-chloro-2(3H)-benzoxazolone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibitory, and antioxidant activities. The structures of the title compounds were confirmed by spectral and elemental analyses. The cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitory activity studies were carried out using Ellman's colorimetric method. The free radical scavenging activity was also determined by in vitro ABTS (2,2-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) assay...
March 12, 2018: Archiv der Pharmazie
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