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Damage control surgery

Sara Milanizadeh, Karrar Najm Najaf Zuwarali, Abbas Aliaghaei, Mohammad Reza Bigdeli
Brain ischemia is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, which usually happens through diminished blood supply to the tissue. Cell therapy and treatments using trophic factors are some of the new methods to protect brain cells against damage. Specific properties of Sertoli cells (SCs) make them suitable for improving neurological disorders. This study is to evaluate possible neuroprotective effects of SCs transplantation on ischemic damage. Rats were divided into three experimental groups including sham, control, and SCs-treated group...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Keiji Uchida, Norihisa Karube, Keiichiro Kasama, Tomokazu Minami, Shota Yasuda, Motohiko Goda, Shinichi Suzuki, Kiyotaka Imoto, Munetaka Masuda
OBJECTIVE: The control of malperfusion is the key to improving the outcomes of surgery for type A acute aortic dissection. We revised our treatment strategy to reperfuse each ischemic organ before central repair. METHODS: Our current early reperfusion strategy consists of percutaneous coronary artery intervention for coronary malperfusion, direct surgical fenestration for carotid artery occlusion, active perfusion of the superior mesenteric artery for visceral malperfusion, and external shunting from the brachial artery to the femoral artery for lower limb ischemia...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ezio Lanza, Riccardo Muglia, Luigi Alessandro Solbiati, Marco Tramarin, Dario Poretti, Vittorio Pedicini
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to report the results of transarterial embolization (TAE) in the setting of postoperative bleeding after hip surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 40 patients (male:female = 15:25, median age = 68 years) who underwent TAE from 2006 to 2016: 77.5% underwent total hip arthroplasty, 20% open reduction internal fixation, and 2.5% external fixation. Preangiographic multidetector computed tomography angiography was performed in 20 (49%) cases, and 9 of them showed arterial extravasation...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Carrie K Hui Mingalone, Zhiyi Liu, Judith M Hollander, Kirsten D Garvey, Averi L Gibson, Rose E Banks, Ming Zhang, Timothy E McAlindon, Heber C Nielsen, Irene Georgakoudi, Li Zeng
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of chronic disability whose mechanism of pathogenesis is largely elusive. Local inflammation is thought to play a key role in OA progression, especially in injury-associated OA. While multiple inflammatory cytokines are detected, the timing and extent of overall inflammatory activities in early OA and the manner by which joint inflammation correlates with cartilage structural damage are still unclear. We induced OA via destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) in NFκB luciferase reporter mice, whose bioluminescent signal reflects the activity of NFκB, a central mediator of inflammation...
March 14, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Ian Kaye, Peter Passias
Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques offer promising improvements in the management of thoracolumbar trauma. Recent advances in MIS techniques and instrumentation for degenerative conditions have heralded a growing interest in employing these techniques for thoracolumbar trauma. Specifically, surgeons have applied these techniques to help manage flexion- and extension-distraction injuries, neurologically intact burst fractures, and cases of damage control. Minimally invasive surgical techniques offer a means to decrease blood loss, shorten operative time, reduce infection risk, and shorten hospital stays...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
M A Sohn, A Agha, P Steiner, A Hochrein, M Komm, R Ruppert, P Ritschl, F Aigner, I Iesalnieks
PURPOSE: Damage control strategy (DCS) is a two-staged procedure for the treatment of perforated diverticular disease complicated by generalized peritonitis. The aim of this retrospective multicenter cohort study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of an ongoing peritonitis at the time of second surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent DCS for perforated diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon with generalized peritonitis at four surgical centers were included...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Natalia Pascuali, Leopoldina Scotti, Mariana Di Pietro, Gonzalo Oubiña, Diana Bas, María May, Antonio Gómez Muñoz, Patricia S Cuasnicú, Débora J Cohen, Marta Tesone, Dalhia Abramovich, Fernanda Parborell
STUDY QUESTION: Is ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) an ovarian protective agent during alkylating chemotherapy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Local administration of C1P drastically reduces ovarian damage induced by cyclophosphamide (Cy) via protection of follicular reserve, restoration of hormone levels, inhibition of apoptosis and improvement of stromal vasculature, while protecting fertility, oocyte quality and uterine morphology. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cancer-directed therapies cause accelerated loss of ovarian reserve and lead to premature ovarian failure (POF)...
March 9, 2018: Human Reproduction
David Macku, Pavel Hedvicak, John Quinn, Vladimir Bencko
Due to the hybrid warfare currently experienced by multiple NATO coalition and NATO partner nations, the tactical combat casualty care (TCCC) paradigm is greatly challenged. One of the major challenges to TCCC is the ad hoc extension phase in resource-poor environments, referred to as prolonged field care (PFC) and forward resuscitative care (FRC). The nuanced clinical skills with limited resources required by warfighters and auxiliary health care professionals to mitigate death on the battlefield and prevent morbidity and mortality in the PFC phase represent a balance that is still under review...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Vasile Potop, Catalina Corbu
Clear lens extraction can be considered a therapeutic option in angle closure glaucoma (ACG). Even if it does not represent the first choice of treatment, it can be taken into consideration when the topical treatment does not control the intraocular pressure (IOP) and iridotomy does not have a positive effect on the angle closure, especially in appositional angle closure when biometry or ultrabiomicroscopy (UBM) show lens involvement. In angle closure glaucoma, clear lens extraction represents an etiological treatment that takes into account the role of the lens in the pathogenesis of the disease...
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Andreas Panagopoulos, Irini Tatani, Seferlis Yannis, Bavelou Aikaterini, Antonis Kouzelis, Minos Tyllianakis, Panayotis Dimakopoulos
Background: The valgus-impacted (VI) 4-part fractures are a subset of fractures of the proximal humerus with a unique anatomic configuration characterized by a relatively lower incidence of avascular necrosis after operative intervention. Objectives: The present study reports the midterm clinical and radiological results of a large series of consecutive patients with 4-part VI fractures treated with a minimal invasive technique of internal fixation. Methods: Over a ten-year period (2004-2014), we treated 56 patients with a true 4-part valgus impacted fracture of the proximal part of the humerus...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Yi-Ling Cai, Jin-Tao Ju, Wen-Bao Liu, Jian Zhang
Introduction: Forward surgical teams (FSTs) have been used as highly mobile surgical facilities that provide "damage control" medical support in modern wars. FST regiments differ greatly in different armed services and nations. We systemically reviewed the utilization of FSTs around the world with an emphasis on the medical conditions and workloads encountered by FSTs in modern wars. Materials and Methods: We searched for terms related to FSTs, such as "Forward Surgical Team" and "Field Surgical Team," in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases and collected any articles that provided numerical data on the organization of medical personnel combat casualty characteristics, including the casualty composition, injury types and locations, and mechanisms of injury, and surgical procedures performed...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
José A Damasceno-Ferreira, Leonardo A S Abreu, Gustavo R Bechara, Waldemar S Costa, Marco A Pereira-Sampaio, Francisco J B Sampaio, Diogo B De Souza
BACKGROUND: Mannitol has been employed to ameliorate renal warm ischemia damage during partial nephrectomy, however, there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of mannitol during partial nephrectomy. The objective of the present study was to investigate the glomerular number after renal warm ischemia, with and without the use of mannitol in a Pig Model. METHODS: Twenty-four male pigs were assigned into three groups. Eight animals were allocated to the sham group that was subjected to laparoscopic dissection of the left renal hilum, without renal ischemia...
March 6, 2018: BMC Urology
Daiki Wada, Yasushi Nakamori, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Masahiro Kawada, Hiromu Iwamura, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito, Yasuyuki Kuwagata
Computed tomography (CT) embedded in the emergency room has gained importance in the early diagnostic phase of trauma care. In 2011, we implemented a new trauma workflow concept with a sliding CT scanner system with interventional radiology features (IVR-CT) that allows CT examination and emergency therapeutic intervention without relocating the patient, which we call the Hybrid emergency room (Hybrid ER). In the Hybrid ER, all life-saving procedures, CT examination, damage control surgery, and transcatheter arterial embolisation can be performed on the same table...
March 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Hong Yu, Qi Li, Chan Chen, Tao Li, Ji-Yue Xiong, Zhen Qin, Ming Luo, Zhao-Xia Tan, Ting Liu, Hui Yu, Xiao-Rong Yin, Hai Yu, Rong-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of intralipid postconditioning (ILPC) on myocardial damage in patients undergoing valve replacement surgery with concomitant radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Randomized patient and assessor-blind controlled trial conducted in adult patients undergoing valve replacement surgery with concomitant RFA. Sixty-nine patients were randomly assigned to ILPC group (n = 34) or control group (n = 35): ILPC group received an intravenous infusion of 20% intralipid (2 mL/kg) just 10 minutes before aortic cross-unclamping, and control group received an equivalent volume of normal saline...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kallol Kumar Roy, Netra Gc, Seema Singhal, Juhi Bharti, Sunesh Kumar, Dipendra K Mitra, Ruma Ray, Jyoti Meena, Perumal Vanamail
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with reduced surgical stress response, lesser post- operative immune function, and consequent early recovery compared with conventional open surgery. There is a lack of evidence regarding the inflammatory stress response with the use of different energy devices. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the inflammatory response in total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) using three different energy devices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in 60 women with abnormal uterine bleeding undergoing TLH...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
A Lindemann, H Takahashi, A A Patel, A A Osman, J N Myers
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common type of oral cancer worldwide and in the United States. OSCC remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with head and neck cancers. Tobacco and alcohol consumption alone or with chewing betel nut are potential risk factors contributing to the high prevalence of OSCC. Multimodality therapies, including surgery, chemotherapy, biologic therapy, and radiotherapy, particularly intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), are the current treatments for OSCC patients...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Shuang Deng, Jian-Lin Zhou, Hao Peng, Hong-Song Fang, Feng Liu, Jin-Qing Weng
In the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA), articular cartilage degeneration exhibits a significant role. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is considered to be an effective angiogenic factor and a crucial regulator of articular cartilage degeneration in the development of OA. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the underlying influences of exogenous VEGF on articular cartilage degeneration in OA model rat. A total of 24 male Sprague‑Dawley rats were randomly allocated into 3 groups...
February 28, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Evon S Ereifej, Griffin M Rial, John K Hermann, Cara S Smith, Seth M Meade, Jacob M Rayyan, Keying Chen, He Feng, Jeffrey R Capadona
Clinical implantation of intracortical microelectrodes has been hindered, at least in part, by the perpetual inflammatory response occurring after device implantation. The neuroinflammatory response observed after device implantation has been correlated to oxidative stress that occurs due to neurological injury and disease. However, there has yet to be a definitive link of oxidative stress to intracortical microelectrode implantation. Thus, the objective of this study is to give direct evidence of oxidative stress following intracortical microelectrode implantation...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Huijun Wu, Hui Liu, Fengtong Zuo, Lihua Zhang
Cerebral ischemia injury is a clinical, frequently occurring disease, which causes a heavy burden on society and families. It has been demonstrated that cytosolic phospholipase A2α (cPLA2α) is significant in neurological injury caused by ischemic brain injury, and inhibition of cPLA2α may reduce stroke injury. In the present study, the role of cPLA2α was investigated in a mouse model of middle cerebral artery occlusion and/or reperfusion (MCAO/R) using an effective cPLA2α inhibitor and adenoviruses‑mediated RNA interference...
February 15, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shohei Nambu, Ryohei Otani, Fumi Higuchi, Takeo Uzuka, Hadzki Matsuda, Phyo Kim, Keisuke Ueki
Hemangioblastoma is usually amenable to total surgical resection, but indication for surgery can be hampered by its location, multiplicity, or repeated recurrences frequently observed in patients with von Hippel Lindau disease (VHLD). Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been administered for such cases as an alternative therapeutic option with generally favorable clinical response, but the effect of SRS has not been underscored by histological examination of the treated hemangioblastoma. Here we present histology of VHLD-associated hemangioblastoma tissue resected three months after SRS because of cyst enlargement...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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