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Grafts in rhinoplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716177/septal-extension-graft-in-closed-revision-rhinoplasty-a-simplified-technique
#1
Alberto Scattolin, Pier-Francesco Galzignato, Fabrizio Longari, Luca D'Ascanio
BACKGROUND: The septal extension graft (SEG) is widely used in secondary rhinoplasty for correction of a short nose with loss of tip support and projection, columellar retraction, and hyper-rotated tip secondary to an overresection of the caudal septum. Although SEG precise fixation can be relatively easy in the external approach, the difficulties of SEG placement in "closed" rhinoplasty can be discouraging. OBJECTIVE: To describe an easy surgical technique for SEG placement in endonasal revision rhinoplasty and to analyze the aesthetic results of the procedure...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713702/evidence-based-efficacy-of-autologous-grated-cartilage-in-primary-and-secondary-rhinoplasty
#2
Ali Manafi, Ali Kaviani, Zahra Sadat Hamedi, Afsaneh Rajabiani, Navid Manafi
BACKGROUND: There are numerous methods to mold and shape cartilage grafts for use in rhinoplasty. Each technique has advantages and disadvantages. We are going to introduce a new method for cartilage shaping with long lasting effects confirmed by follow up examination and pathologic evaluation. METHODS: Grated cartilage was used in 483 patients. For 89 cases, it was wrapped in fascia and in 394 patients, used as a filler per se or in contiguity with solid structural grafts...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702187/procedure-applications-and-outcomes-of-autologous-fat-grafting
#3
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Michele Pio Grieco, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the procedure, applications, and outcomes of autologous fat grafting, a promising technique with various clinical applications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Literature review of publications concerning autologous fat grafting. RESULTS: Since its introduction, lipofilling has become increasingly popular; however, its results are variable and unpredictable. Several modifications have been made to the procedures of fat harvesting, processing, and injecting...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654592/preventing-soft-tissue-triangle-collapse-in-modern-rhinoplasty
#4
Carey F Campbell, Ronnie A Pezeshk, Deniz S Basci, Jack F Scheuer, David A Sieber, Rod J Rohrich
The unique anatomy of the soft-tissue triangle makes it prone to notching in primary, secondary, and reconstructive rhinoplasty. Understanding the anatomy of the region is critical to appropriate treatment. This article is meant to further clarify the anatomy of the soft-tissue triangle and to present the senior author's (R.J.R.) approach to proactive correction and prevention of soft-tissue triangle notching through five key steps: (1) precise dissection and incision placement, (2) providing internal support with cartilage grafting if needed, (3) closure of dead space, (4) avoiding undue tension during closure, and (5) providing external support postoperatively...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639070/osseous-cartilaginous-spreader-graft-and-nasal-framework-reconstruction
#5
Safvet Ors
Revision rhinoplasties and saddle nose deformities usually require grafting for reconstruction. Between January 1, 2000, and January 1, 2017, autologous rib grafts were used in 127 secondary and tertiary rhinoplasty patients [(57/127 females) and (70/127 males)]. Osseous-cartilaginous rib grafts (OCRGs) were divided into three parts (i.e., 1/3 upper peripheral, 1/3 central, and 1/3 lower peripheral). The harvested OCRGs were also shaped as vertical strips using a number 11 scalpel blade. These OCRGs were shaped to form the L-strut cartilaginous graft (LSCGs), osseous-cartilaginous spreader grafts (OCSGs), osseous-cartilaginous onlay grafts, nasal valve grafts (NVGs), and lower lateral cartilaginous grafts (LLCGs)...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595251/use-of-turn-in-skin-flaps-for-nasal-lining-reconstruction
#6
Memet Yazar, Sevgi Kurt Yazar, Erol Kozanoğlu, Murat Diyarbakırlıoğlu, Hikmet İhsan Eren
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the nasal lining is the most difficult part of complex nasal reconstruction because the mucosa has a unique texture and fineness. Many techniques, ranging from skin grafts to local flaps, have been applied for the reconstruction of the mucosa. In some cases, even free flaps have been used. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to discuss the feasibility of using turn-in flaps in nasal reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with full-thickness nasal defects underwent reconstruction with turn-in flaps...
June 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574946/free-diced-cartilage-a-new-application-of-diced-cartilage-grafts-in-primary-and-secondary-rhinoplasty
#7
Christian Kreutzer, Julius Hoehne, Wolfgang Gubisch, Farid Rezaeian, Sebastian Haack
BACKGROUND: Irregularities or deformities of the nasal dorsum after hump reduction account for a significant number of revision rhinoplasties. We therefore developed a technique of meticulously dicing and exactly placing free diced cartilage grafts (fDC), harvested from septum, rib, or ear cartilage. The cartilage paste is used for smoothening, augmentation, or camouflaging of the nasal dorsum in primary or revision rhinoplasties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of multi-surgeon consecutive open approach rhinoplasties from January to December 2014 was conducted at a single center...
May 31, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571072/revision-rhinoplasty-retrospective-chart-review-analysis-of-deformities-and-surgical-maneuvers-in-patients-with-nasal-airway-obstruction-five-years-of-experience
#8
John K Goudakos, Dimitrios Daskalakis, Kalpesh Patel
Nasal airway obstruction is one of the most frequent causes of revision rhinoplasty in patients after previous rhinoplasty procedure. Purpose of this study is to present the deformities and the surgical maneuvers conducted in revision rhinoplasty patients with functional complaint, anatomical sites at risk, and potential prophylactic maneuvers. This study is a retrospective chart review analysis of 46 consecutive revision rhinoplasty procedures in patients with nasal airway obstruction. Inclusion criteria were at least one previous rhinoplasty and nasal airway obstruction as the epicenter of patients' complaint...
June 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549044/a-modified-suction-assisted-technique-of-transfer-of-diced-cartilage-graft-to-carrier-material-and-outcome-of-direct-injection-of-unwrapped-diced-cartilage-in-rhinoplasty
#9
Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir, Muhammad Sohail, Farid Ahmad Khan, Sadia Nosheen Jan, Hamid Hussain Ansari, Umer Nazir, Zohaib Hidayat
OBJECTIVE: To describe a modified suction-assisted technique (MSAT) of transfer of diced cartilage (DC) graft to a carrier material and to determine the clinical outcome of direct injection of unwrapped diced cartilage (UDC) in rhinoplasty. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Plastic Surgery, KEMU, Mayo Hospital, Lahore from February 2011 to January 2015 METHODS:: Forty-seven patients of both genders with types 0 to 3 saddle nose deformity were included. Patients with types 4 and 5 saddle nose deformity, diabetes, hypertension, hepatic or renal disorders were excluded...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538070/one-stage-treatment-for-adult-patients-with-crouzonoid-appearance-by-orthognathic-and-face-contouring-surgery
#10
Byung Jun Kim, Hahn Sol Bae, Yoonho Lee
Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder with autosomal-dominant inheritance that shows a triad of hallmark characteristics: craniosynostosis, exophthalmos, and midface retrusion. General treatment protocol for patients with Crouzon syndrome has already been established, but there is no standard treatment strategy for adult patients with Crouzonoid appearance. The authors present clinical patients of 1-stage orthognathic and face contouring surgery to achieve functional and aesthetic improvement.One-stage surgery was performed in adult patients with Crouzonoid appearance without a history of facial surgery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530250/the-hump-columellar-strut-a-reliable-technique-for-correction-of-nasal-tip-underprojection
#11
P G Giacomini, S Mocella, S Di Girolamo, R De Berardinis, A Boccieri
Nasal tip under projection is often found in rhinoplasty cases both for congenital or post-traumatic deformity. Nasal trauma may result in alteration of the external and internal nasal structures with following aesthetic impairment and difficulties in breathing. Post-traumatic surgery is frequent, but restoration of pre-traumatic form and function remains a challenge. The present paper describes a new method to increase tip projection by a columellar strut harvested from the autologous nasal bone and cartilage of the resected hump...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520827/surgical-outcomes-of-bony-batten-grafting-to-correct-caudal-septal-deviation-in-septoplasty
#12
Do-Youn Kim, Sung Hoon Nam, Sami E Alharethy, Yong Ju Jang
Improtance: Correction of caudal septal deviation with a batten graft has been popularized recently. However, few reports have documented the surgical outcomes of this technique, especially the use of bony batten grafts in septoplasty. Objective: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of bony batten grafting for the management of caudal septal deviation in endonasal septoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study evaluates the medical records of 141 patients with caudal septal deviation who underwent septoplasty using bony batten grafts from September 1, 2011, through February 29, 2016, at a tertiary referral hospital...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494068/a-comparison-of-costal-cartilage-warping-using-oblique-split-vs-concentric-carving-methods
#13
Gemma C Wilson, Laura Dias, Callum Faris
Importance: Warping of costal cartilage is well described; however, its strength and abundance still make it a desirable graft material, especially in complex reconstructive rhinoplasty. Despite multiple methods of cartilage harvest, carving, and preimplantation treatment being developed over the years, warp remains a challenging clinical problem. Objective: To assess whether the 30° oblique split method of preparing costal cartilage grafts produces less warping of the graft than the current standard of harvesting the central segment of a rib using the concentric carving method...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432416/commentary-on-3d-photogrammetric-analysis-of-the-nasal-tip-projection-and-derotation-based-on-the-nasal-tip-quadripod-concept
#14
Cerkes Nazım
Asian noses are mainly characterized by a low nasal dorsum, a short nose and an underprojected nasal tip due to underdeveloped (short and weak) alar cartilages. The goals of the surgery are to increase the tip projection, elongate the nose and augment the dorsum. In Asian noses the structural approach helps strengthen the weak cartilages and add definition to the nasal tip. There are various methods to increase tip projection and definition. Columellar strut, caudal septal extension graft, tip grafts and lateral crural grafts in order to elongate the upper legs of the nasal tip tripod can be used...
April 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388803/cartilage-scales-embedded-in-fibrin-gel
#15
Milos Kovacevic, Frank Riedel, Jochen Wurm, Gregor M Bran
Multiple techniques have been described for dorsal nasal augmentation in rhinoplasty. In this article, we review common surgical techniques for raising the dorsum or eliminating dorsal irregularities, by highlighting inherent advantages and disadvantages of each method. Within the past few years, the use of diced cartilage grafts has become the workhorse in this field of interest. To overcome drawbacks of methods based on diced cartilage, we present a new concept for autologous augmentation, using regenerative medicine protocols...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388801/safety-of-2-octyl-cyanoacrylate-in-spreader-grafting
#16
Aurora G Standlee, Marc H Hohman
Cyanoacrylate adhesives can make the placement of spreader grafts in open septorhinoplasty technically easier, but its use is off-label beneath the skin. There is a theoretical risk of toxicity from cyanoacrylate breakdown products, but this risk has not been thoroughly studied in rhinoplasty. The objective was to evaluate the effects of subcutaneous cyanoacrylate use during spreader graft placement in rhinoplasty in a retrospective review of open septorhinoplasties in which 2-octyl cyanoacrylate was used to aid placement of spreader grafts...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388799/dorsal-augmentation-using-autologous-costal-cartilage-or-microfat-infused-soft-tissue-augmentation
#17
Dean M Toriumi
Costal cartilage grafting is increasing in popularity with increased demand for augmentation rhinoplasty and increased need for grafting material for structure rhinoplasty techniques. Use of costal cartilage for dorsal grafting is both art and science. The art is demonstrated in the act of carving a dorsal graft that will reflect the actual contour of the nasal dorsum. The science is linked to the methodology of how the grafts are contoured to match the patient's desires and how the graft is fixed to the bony dorsum to minimize the risk of warping and displacement...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388797/dorsal-augmentation-with-homologous-rib
#18
Russell W H Kridel, Angela K Sturm
Dorsal augmentation grafts are used to reconstruct and raise the nasal dorsum in patients with dorsal saddling due to trauma, infection, or previous nasal surgery, as well as in patients with a narrow, congenitally low, and/or wide dorsum. Alloplastic implants and various biomaterials are available for grafting, each with advantages and disadvantages. Although autologous septal cartilage is a preferable and often convenient source of cartilage, it is frequently not sufficient for large volume dorsal augmentation, nor is it available in patients who have had septoplasty, infection, previous rhinoplasty with grafting, or significant trauma...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388792/midvault-reconstruction-in-primary-rhinoplasty
#19
Shannon Rudy, Sami P Moubayed, Sam P Most
The nasal midvault is an important consideration in rhinoplasty. This region is defined by the attachment of the upper lateral cartilages (ULCs) to the nasal bones superiorly and the cartilaginous septum medially. Inadequate management of the nasal midvault can have negative functional and aesthetic ramifications. Indications for midvault reconstruction in primary rhinoplasty include a narrow midvault, dorsal hump resection, a deviated midvault, and an asymmetric midvault, with an additional relative indication of zone 1 lateral wall insufficiency (LWI), defined as dynamic collapse of a weakened lateral nasal wall at the level of the ULC...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364535/commentary-on-three-dimensional-3d-columellar-strut-graft-in-rhinoplasty
#20
Charles East
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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