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Clinical Reserch

Farzaneh Rohani, Shadab Salehpur, Fatemeh Saffari
BACKGROUND: Precocious puberty, as early physical development and low final height might lead to psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate etiology and clinical feature of precocious puberty in a cohort of Iranian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-series study, 44 girls and 8 boys with precocious puberty referred to Endocrine Reserch Centre (Firouzgar), Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism (Hemmat Campus), were examined in a 10 years period of time...
January 2012: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Masayuki Yoshida
Although genetic reserch in neurological diseases has been dramatically advanced, its application to clinical neurology is still limited. Given the increased awareness of genetic testing in neurological diseases such as spinocerebellar ataxia, patients and their relatives' requests for information is increasing. In this report, we provide a framework for assessing genetic risk of neurological diseases in at-risk relatives baesd on our experience in TMDU medical hospital. Reagrding asymptomatic individuals, there are concerns that prerictive testing may trigger some unexpected psychological responses, such as severe depression and anxiety...
2013: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Sang Soo Kim, Sang Heon Song, In Joo Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Bo Hyun Kim, Ihm Soo Kwak, Eun Kyung Lee, Yong Ki Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of urinary cystatin C, a tubular damage marker, with the progression of type 2 diabetic nephropathy. RESERCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The baseline values of serum and urinary cystatin C were measured as primary parameters and those of urinary nonalbumin protein (NAP) were measured as secondary parameters. In this prospective observational study, a total of 237 type 2 diabetic patients were followed up for 29 months (13-44 months)...
March 2013: Diabetes Care
Xinbao Yang, Jianxun Liu
The interaction between drugs is mainly guided by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme system. CYP participates in the physical biotransformation of a majority of endobiotic and xenobiotic molecules, especially drugs. It is quite crucial and urgent to investigate drugs effect on CYP before clinical application to ensure the clinical safety and pharmacy validity. In this paper, the progresses on the effect of traditional Chinese medicines on cytochrome P450 activities from 2000-2011 are reviewed.
April 2012: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Guido Kroemer, Wolf Hervé Fridman, Catherine Sautès-Fridman, Laurence Zitvogel
THE EUROPEAN ACADEMY OF TUMOR IMMUNOLOGY (EATI, OFFICIAL WEBSITE: has been founded in 2011 with the idea of creating a novel organization that responds to the need of structuring the European research space in this expanding, clinically ever more important area of research. Rapidly, this initiative, which regroups (part of) the elite of tumor immunologists, has been joined by 110 scientists, who accepted to join EATI as founding members. Obviously, EATI will not enter in competition with existing prestigious organizations, be they supranational (such as the Cancer Research Institute, CRI; the European Society for Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy, ESCII; and the Society for the Immunotherapy of Cancer, SITC), or national [such as the Cancer Immunology Working Group, CIMM, of the American Association for Cancer Reserch; the (German) Association for Cancer Immunotherapy, CIMT; the (US) Cancer Immunotherapy Consortium, CIC; the (US) Cancer Vaccine Consortium, CVC; and the Italian Network for Cancer Biotherapy, NIBIT]...
March 1, 2012: Oncoimmunology
Nadica S Marinković, Zivorad Malicević, Jovan Dimitrijević
BACKGROUND/AIM: 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy) is a psycho-stimulating agent. It is usually taken orally in the form of tablets. It is absorbed throught the gastrointestinal mucous membrane. Hyperthermia is the most prominent clinical sign of MDMA intake. The most prominent forensic finding of lethal MDMA poisoning is myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular bleeding. However, liver and kidney damage: have also been described. The aim of this research was to determine if ambient temperatures affect liver damage in the experimental rats...
July 2011: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Yasser El-Miedany
There are two main ways in which physicians will be urged to improve the outcome for their patients suffering from rheumatic diseases in the coming era, these are, early diagnosis and timely effective therapy. Current reserch suggests that in rheumatoid arthritis joint damage occurs early, often within the first 2 years and even in the absence of associating severe symptoms, is a call for action for primary care physicians as well as rheumatologists. Similarly in SLE patients, sometimes the treatments are ineffective or too toxic with sepsis or opportunistic infections often limiting their use or resulting in the death of the patient...
April 2002: Current Drug Targets. Immune, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders
H J Gertz, H Wolf, T Arendt
The term vascular dementia refers to dementia syndromes which are caused by hypoxic-ischaemic brain lesions. Lesions found in vascular dementia such as complete and incomplete infarctions, selective necroses, and others are nonspecific. The characteristics and severity of the clinical syndrome are determined by the size and topography of the ischaemic lesions. Among others, age and pre-existing brain atrophy are risk factors for the development of dementia based on vascular lesions. There is a high comorbidity of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia...
May 2002: Der Nervenarzt
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