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Albumin, fluid resuscitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890467/use-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-and-pegylated-carboxyhemoglobin-bovine-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-with-life-threatening-anemia-following-postpartum-hemorrhage
#1
K Thenuwara, J Thomas, M Ibsen, U Ituk, K Choi, E Nickel, M J Goodheart
We present a case of a Jehovah's Witness patient who refused blood products, with the exception of albumin and clotting factors, and underwent cesarean section under spinal anesthesia complicated by postpartum hemorrhage. She was fluid resuscitated and treated with multiple uterotonics and internal iliac artery embolization. Because of agitation she required emergency tracheal intubation. Her hemoglobin concentration dropped from a preoperative value of 12mg/dL to 3mg/dL on postoperative day one. She was acidotic, requiring vasopressors for hemodynamic stability and remained ventilated and sedated...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864924/pentraxin-3-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-or-shock-the-albios-trial
#2
Pietro Caironi, Serge Masson, Tommaso Mauri, Barbara Bottazzi, Roberto Leone, Michela Magnoli, Simona Barlera, Filippo Mamprin, Andrea Fedele, Alberto Mantovani, Gianni Tognoni, Antonio Pesenti, Luciano Gattinoni, Roberto Latini
BACKGROUND: The long pentraxin PTX3 is a key component of the humoral arm of innate immunity related to sepsis severity and mortality. We evaluated the clinical and prognostic significance of circulating PTX3 in the largest cohort ever reported of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. DESIGN: Plasma PTX3 was measured on days 1, 2 and 7 after randomization of 958 patients to albumin or crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in the multicenter Albumin Italian Outcome Sepsis (ALBIOS) trial...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863270/fluid-resuscitation-mediates-the-association-between-inhalational-burn-injury-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-major-burn-population
#3
Avinash B Kumar, William Andrews, Yaping Shi, Matthew S Shotwell, Scott Dennis, Jonathan Wanderer, Blair Summitt
BACKGROUND: It is known that acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute lung injury are independent risk factors for developing acute kidney injury (AKI) through complex pathophysiologic mechanisms. Our specific aim is to evaluate the risk factors for AKI postburn injury and whether inhalation thermal injury is an independent risk factor for developing AKI in the major burn population. METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved, retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a tertiary burn intensive care unit between 2011 and 2013...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848268/use-of-intravenous-fluids-solutions-a-narrative-review
#4
N El Gkotmi, C Kosmeri, T D Filippatos, M S Elisaf
OBJECTIVE: Intravenous fluids are broadly categorized into colloids and crystalloids. The aim of this review is to present under a clinical point of view the characteristics of intravenous fluids that make them more or less appropriate either for maintaining hydration when enteral intake is contraindicated or for treating hypovolemia. METHODS: We considered randomized trials and meta-analyses as well as narrative reviews evaluating the effects of colloids or crystalloids in patients with hypovolemia or as maintenance fluids published in PubMed and Cochrane databases...
November 16, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822741/isolated-brain-trauma-in-cats-triggers-rapid-onset-of-hypovolemia
#5
Peter Bentzer, Per-Olof Grände
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic instability responsive to fluid resuscitation is common after a traumatic brain injury (TBI), also in the absence of systemic hemorrhage. The present study tests if an isolated severe TBI induces a decrease in plasma volume (PV). METHODS: The study was performed in three groups of anesthetized and tracheostomized male cats (n = 21). In one group (n = 8), the cats were prepared with a cranial borehole (10 mm i.d) used to expose the brain to a fluid percussion brain injury (FPI) (1...
November 7, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779578/does-small-volume-resuscitation-with-crystalloids-or-colloids-influence-hemostasis-and-survival-of-rabbits-subjected-to-lethal-uncontrolled-hemorrhage
#6
Bijan S Kheirabadi, Nahir Miranda, Irasema B Terrazas, Mary D Gonzales, Rose C Grimm, Michael A Dubick
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital, small-volume resuscitation of combat casualties with a synthetic colloid [6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 670/0.75] has been recommended when blood or blood components are unavailable. We studied hemostatic effects of a newer synthetic colloid (6% HES 130/0.4,) compared to either a natural colloid (albumin) or to crystalloids in an uncontrolled hemorrhage model. METHODS: Spontaneously breathing NZW rabbits (3.4±0.1 kg) were anesthetized, instrumented and subjected to a splenic injury with uncontrolled bleeding...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760056/experimental-study-on-the-efficacy-of-site-specific-pegylated-human-serum-albumins-in-resuscitation-from-hemorrhagic-shock
#7
Xinlei Song, Shu Zhang, Yanna Cheng, Ting Zhao, Qianqian Lian, Lu Lu, Fengshan Wang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the resuscitative efficacy and the effect on reperfusion injury of two site-specific PEGylated human serum albumins modified with linear or branched PEG20kDa, compared with saline, 8% human serum albumin and 25% human serum albumin, in a hemorrhagic shock model. SETTING: Laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Wistar rats. DESIGN: Prospective study. INTERVENTIONS: Rats were bled to hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock and resuscitated with different resuscitation fluids...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665246/in-view-of-standardization-part-2-management-of-challenges-in-the-initial-treatment-of-burn-patients-in-burn-centers-in-germany-austria-and-switzerland
#8
Benjamin Ziegler, Christoph Hirche, Johannes Horter, Jurij Kiefer, Paul Alfred Grützner, Thomas Kremer, Ulrich Kneser, Matthias Münzberg
INTRODUCTION: Initial therapy of severe burns in specialized burn trauma centers is a challenging task faced by the treating multi-professional and interdisciplinary team. A lack of consistent operating procedures and varying structural conditions was recently demonstrated in preliminary data of our group. These results raised the question on how specific treatment measures in acute burn care are met in the absence of standardized guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A specific questionnaire containing 57 multiple-choice questions was sent to all 22 major burn centers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland...
September 21, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636739/an-investigation-into-the-effects-of-in-vitro-dilution-with-different-colloid-resuscitation-fluids-on-clot-microstructure-formation
#9
Matthew James Lawrence, Nick Marsden, Jakub Kaczynski, Gareth Davies, Nia Davies, Karl Hawkins, Sounder Perumal, Martin Rowan Brown, Keith Morris, Simon J Davidson, Phylip Rhodri Williams, Phillip Adrian Evans
BACKGROUND: Balancing the beneficial effects of resuscitation fluids against their detrimental effect on hemostasis is an important clinical issue. We aim to compare the in vitro effects of 3 different colloid resuscitation fluids (4.5% albumin, hydroxyethyl starch [Voluven 6%], and gelatin [Geloplasma]) on clot microstructure formation using a novel viscoelastic technique, the gel point. This novel hemorheologic technique measures the biophysical properties of the clot and provides an assessment of clot microstructure from its viscoelastic properties...
September 15, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613476/albumin-administration-for-fluid-resuscitation-in-burn-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Roberto Eljaiek, Christophe Heylbroeck, Marc-Jacques Dubois
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to systematically review the literature summarizing the effect on mortality of albumin compared to non-albumin solutions during the fluid resuscitation phase of burn injured patients. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL and the content of two leading journals in burn care, Burns and Journal of Burn Care and Research. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently selected randomized controlled trials comparing albumin vs...
September 6, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600123/colloids-in-acute-burn-resuscitation
#11
REVIEW
Robert Cartotto, David Greenhalgh
Colloids have been used in varying capacities throughout the history of formula-based burn resuscitation. There is sound experimental evidence that demonstrates colloids' ability to improve intravascular colloid osmotic pressure, expand intravascular volume, reduce resuscitation requirements, and limit edema in unburned tissue following a major burn. Fresh frozen plasma appears to be a useful and effective immediate burn resuscitation fluid but its benefits must be weighed against its costs, and risks of viral transmission and acute lung injury...
October 2016: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536694/fluid-management-for-critically-ill-patients-a-review-of-the-current-state-of-fluid-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#12
REVIEW
Erin Frazee, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluids (IVF) are frequently utilized to restore intravascular volume in patients with distributive and hypovolemic shock. Although the benefits of the appropriate use of fluids in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospitals are well described, there is growing knowledge regarding the potential risks of volume overload and its impact on organ failure and mortality. To avoid volume overload and its associated complications, strategies to identify fluid responsiveness are developed and utilized more often among ICU patients...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467273/role-of-albumin-starches-and-gelatins-versus-crystalloids-in-volume-resuscitation-of-critically-ill-patients
#13
Luca Zazzeron, Luciano Gattinoni, Pietro Caironi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focuses on fluid resuscitation of critically ill patients with either colloid or crystalloid solutions. RECENT FINDINGS: In healthy patients, the volume expanding effect of colloids is greater than that of crystalloids. However, in critically ill patients, a similar amount of crystalloids and colloids is required for fluid resuscitation, suggesting a lower efficiency of colloids when capillary permeability is increased, and endothelial glycocalyx disrupted...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388345/multicountry-survey-of-emergency-and-critical-care-medicine-physicians-fluid-resuscitation-practices-for-adult-patients-with-early-septic-shock
#14
Lauralyn McIntyre, Brian H Rowe, Timothy S Walsh, Alasdair Gray, Yaseen Arabi, Anders Perner, Anthony Gordon, John Marshall, Deborah Cook, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Sean M Bagshaw, Robert Green, Irwin Schweitzer, Alexis Turgeon, Ryan Zarychanski, Shane English, Michaël Chassé, Ian Stiell, Dean Fergusson
OBJECTIVES: Evidence to guide fluid resuscitation evidence in sepsis continues to evolve. We conducted a multicountry survey of emergency and critical care physicians to describe current stated practice and practice variation related to the quantity, rapidity and type of resuscitation fluid administered in early septic shock to inform the design of future septic shock fluid resuscitation trials. METHODS: Using a web-based survey tool, we invited critical care and emergency physicians in Canada, the UK, Scandinavia and Saudi Arabia to complete a self-administered electronic survey...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338534/posthemorrhagic-shock-mesenteric-lymph-enhances-monolayer-permeability-via-f-actin-and-ve-cadherin
#15
Gai-Xia Sun, Ya-Xiong Guo, Yu-Ping Zhang, Li-Min Zhang, Zi-Gang Zhao, Chun-Yu Niu
BACKGROUND: Vascular hyperpermeability plays a critical role in the development of refractory hypotension after severe hemorrhagic shock. Posthemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph (PHSML) return has been shown to be involved in regulation of vascular hyperpermeability. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of PHSML on permeability of endothelial cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hemorrhagic shock model (40 ± 2 mm Hg for 90 min, followed by fluid resuscitation) was used for collection of PHSML...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314691/peripheral-venous-pressure-as-an-indicator-of-preload-responsiveness-during-volume-resuscitation-from-hemorrhage
#16
Michael Kinsky, Nicole Ribeiro, Maxime Cannesson, Donald Deyo, George Kramer, Michael Salter, Muzna Khan, Hyunsu Ju, William E Johnston
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation of hypovolemia presumes that peripheral venous pressure (PVP) increases more than right atrial pressure (RAP), so the net pressure gradient for venous return (PVP-RAP) rises. However, the heart and peripheral venous system function under different compliances that could affect their respective pressures during fluid infusion. In a porcine model of hemorrhage resuscitation, we examined whether RAP increases more than PVP, thereby reducing the venous return pressure gradient and blood flow...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313844/fluid-resuscitation-practice-patterns-in-intensive-care-units-of-the-usa-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-critical-care-physicians
#17
Timothy E Miller, Martin Bunke, Paul Nisbet, Charles S Brudney
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is a cornerstone of intensive care treatment, yet there is a lack of agreement on how various types of fluids should be used in critically ill patients with different disease states. Therefore, our goal was to investigate the practice patterns of fluid utilization for resuscitation of adult patients in intensive care units (ICUs) within the USA. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey of 502 physicians practicing in medical and surgical ICUs...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278633/early-postoperative-albumin-administration-contributes-to-morbidity-after-the-fontan-operation
#18
Hayden J Zaccagni, Jeffrey A Alten, David C Cleveland, R Tyler Argent, Mark A Law, Ayesha S Bryant, Santiago Borasino
The Fontan operation has low mortality, but is associated with significant postoperative morbidity, including prolonged chest tube output (PCTO), which is associated with prolonged hospital length of stay (PLOS). We sought to identify variables present early in the clinical course that could predict patients at high risk for PCTO and PLOS. Retrospective data were collected on 84 Fontan (extracardiac conduit) operations from 1/2008 to 12/2013 at a single institution. PCTO was defined as ≥8 days (>75th percentile); PLOS was defined as ≥12 days postoperatively (>75th percentile)...
October 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210074/infusion-of-solutions-of-pre-irradiated-components-in-rats
#19
Georgina Pappas, Francoise Arnaud, Ashraful Haque, Tomoyuki Kino, Paul Facemire, Erica Carroll, Charles Auker, Richard McCarron, Anke Scultetus
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to conduct a 14-day toxicology assessment for intravenous solutions prepared from irradiated resuscitation fluid components and sterile water. METHODS: Healthy Sprague Dawley rats (7-10/group) were instrumented and randomized to receive one of the following Field IntraVenous Resuscitation (FIVR) or commercial fluids; Normal Saline (NS), Lactated Ringer's, 5% Dextrose in NS. Daily clinical observation, chemistry and hematology on days 1,7,14, and urinalysis on day 14 were evaluated for equivalence using a two sample t-test (p<0...
June 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113691/fluid-as-a-drug-balancing-resuscitation-and-fluid-overload-in-the-intensive-care-setting
#20
REVIEW
Matthew D McGuire, Michael Heung
Intravenous fluid resuscitation is ubiquitous throughout medicine and is often considered a benign procedure. Yet, there is now clear recognition of the potential harms of fluid overload after initial resuscitation. In recent years, there has also been an increasing focus on comparing various resuscitation fluids with respect to both benefits and risks. Studies have examined colloids, such as albumin and starches, against the clinical standard of crystalloids. In addition, evidence has emerged to suggest that outcomes may be different between resuscitation with chloride-rich vs balanced crystalloid solutions...
May 2016: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
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