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Albumin, fluid resuscitation

Benjamin Ziegler, Christoph Hirche, Johannes Horter, Jurij Kiefer, Paul Alfred Grützner, Thomas Kremer, Ulrich Kneser, Matthias Münzberg
INTRODUCTION: Initial therapy of severe burns in specialized burn trauma centers is a challenging task faced by the treating multi-professional and interdisciplinary team. A lack of consistent operating procedures and varying structural conditions was recently demonstrated in preliminary data of our group. These results raised the question on how specific treatment measures in acute burn care are met in the absence of standardized guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A specific questionnaire containing 57 multiple-choice questions was sent to all 22 major burn centers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland...
September 21, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Matthew James Lawrence, Nick Marsden, Jakub Kaczynski, Gareth Davies, Nia Davies, Karl Hawkins, Sounder Perumal, Martin Rowan Brown, Keith Morris, Simon J Davidson, Phylip Rhodri Williams, Phillip Adrian Evans
BACKGROUND: Balancing the beneficial effects of resuscitation fluids against their detrimental effect on hemostasis is an important clinical issue. We aim to compare the in vitro effects of 3 different colloid resuscitation fluids (4.5% albumin, hydroxyethyl starch [Voluven 6%], and gelatin [Geloplasma]) on clot microstructure formation using a novel viscoelastic technique, the gel point. This novel hemorheologic technique measures the biophysical properties of the clot and provides an assessment of clot microstructure from its viscoelastic properties...
September 15, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Roberto Eljaiek, Christophe Heylbroeck, Marc-Jacques Dubois
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to systematically review the literature summarizing the effect on mortality of albumin compared to non-albumin solutions during the fluid resuscitation phase of burn injured patients. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL and the content of two leading journals in burn care, Burns and Journal of Burn Care and Research. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently selected randomized controlled trials comparing albumin vs...
September 6, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Robert Cartotto, David Greenhalgh
Colloids have been used in varying capacities throughout the history of formula-based burn resuscitation. There is sound experimental evidence that demonstrates colloids' ability to improve intravascular colloid osmotic pressure, expand intravascular volume, reduce resuscitation requirements, and limit edema in unburned tissue following a major burn. Fresh frozen plasma appears to be a useful and effective immediate burn resuscitation fluid but its benefits must be weighed against its costs, and risks of viral transmission and acute lung injury...
October 2016: Critical Care Clinics
Erin Frazee, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluids (IVF) are frequently utilized to restore intravascular volume in patients with distributive and hypovolemic shock. Although the benefits of the appropriate use of fluids in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospitals are well described, there is growing knowledge regarding the potential risks of volume overload and its impact on organ failure and mortality. To avoid volume overload and its associated complications, strategies to identify fluid responsiveness are developed and utilized more often among ICU patients...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
Luca Zazzeron, Luciano Gattinoni, Pietro Caironi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focuses on fluid resuscitation of critically ill patients with either colloid or crystalloid solutions. RECENT FINDINGS: In healthy patients, the volume expanding effect of colloids is greater than that of crystalloids. However, in critically ill patients, a similar amount of crystalloids and colloids is required for fluid resuscitation, suggesting a lower efficiency of colloids when capillary permeability is increased, and endothelial glycocalyx disrupted...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Lauralyn McIntyre, Brian H Rowe, Timothy S Walsh, Alasdair Gray, Yaseen Arabi, Anders Perner, Anthony Gordon, John Marshall, Deborah Cook, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Sean M Bagshaw, Robert Green, Irwin Schweitzer, Alexis Turgeon, Ryan Zarychanski, Shane English, Michaël Chassé, Ian Stiell, Dean Fergusson
OBJECTIVES: Evidence to guide fluid resuscitation evidence in sepsis continues to evolve. We conducted a multicountry survey of emergency and critical care physicians to describe current stated practice and practice variation related to the quantity, rapidity and type of resuscitation fluid administered in early septic shock to inform the design of future septic shock fluid resuscitation trials. METHODS: Using a web-based survey tool, we invited critical care and emergency physicians in Canada, the UK, Scandinavia and Saudi Arabia to complete a self-administered electronic survey...
2016: BMJ Open
Gai-Xia Sun, Ya-Xiong Guo, Yu-Ping Zhang, Li-Min Zhang, Zi-Gang Zhao, Chun-Yu Niu
BACKGROUND: Vascular hyperpermeability plays a critical role in the development of refractory hypotension after severe hemorrhagic shock. Posthemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph (PHSML) return has been shown to be involved in regulation of vascular hyperpermeability. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of PHSML on permeability of endothelial cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hemorrhagic shock model (40 ± 2 mm Hg for 90 min, followed by fluid resuscitation) was used for collection of PHSML...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Michael Kinsky, Nicole Ribeiro, Maxime Cannesson, Donald Deyo, George Kramer, Michael Salter, Muzna Khan, Hyunsu Ju, William E Johnston
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation of hypovolemia presumes that peripheral venous pressure (PVP) increases more than right atrial pressure (RAP), so the net pressure gradient for venous return (PVP-RAP) rises. However, the heart and peripheral venous system function under different compliances that could affect their respective pressures during fluid infusion. In a porcine model of hemorrhage resuscitation, we examined whether RAP increases more than PVP, thereby reducing the venous return pressure gradient and blood flow...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Timothy E Miller, Martin Bunke, Paul Nisbet, Charles S Brudney
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is a cornerstone of intensive care treatment, yet there is a lack of agreement on how various types of fluids should be used in critically ill patients with different disease states. Therefore, our goal was to investigate the practice patterns of fluid utilization for resuscitation of adult patients in intensive care units (ICUs) within the USA. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey of 502 physicians practicing in medical and surgical ICUs...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
Hayden J Zaccagni, Jeffrey A Alten, David C Cleveland, R Tyler Argent, Mark A Law, Ayesha S Bryant, Santiago Borasino
The Fontan operation has low mortality, but is associated with significant postoperative morbidity, including prolonged chest tube output (PCTO), which is associated with prolonged hospital length of stay (PLOS). We sought to identify variables present early in the clinical course that could predict patients at high risk for PCTO and PLOS. Retrospective data were collected on 84 Fontan (extracardiac conduit) operations from 1/2008 to 12/2013 at a single institution. PCTO was defined as ≥8 days (>75th percentile); PLOS was defined as ≥12 days postoperatively (>75th percentile)...
October 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Georgina Pappas, Francoise Arnaud, Ashraful Haque, Tomoyuki Kino, Paul Facemire, Erica Carroll, Charles Auker, Richard McCarron, Anke Scultetus
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to conduct a 14-day toxicology assessment for intravenous solutions prepared from irradiated resuscitation fluid components and sterile water. METHODS: Healthy Sprague Dawley rats (7-10/group) were instrumented and randomized to receive one of the following Field IntraVenous Resuscitation (FIVR) or commercial fluids; Normal Saline (NS), Lactated Ringer's, 5% Dextrose in NS. Daily clinical observation, chemistry and hematology on days 1,7,14, and urinalysis on day 14 were evaluated for equivalence using a two sample t-test (p<0...
June 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Matthew D McGuire, Michael Heung
Intravenous fluid resuscitation is ubiquitous throughout medicine and is often considered a benign procedure. Yet, there is now clear recognition of the potential harms of fluid overload after initial resuscitation. In recent years, there has also been an increasing focus on comparing various resuscitation fluids with respect to both benefits and risks. Studies have examined colloids, such as albumin and starches, against the clinical standard of crystalloids. In addition, evidence has emerged to suggest that outcomes may be different between resuscitation with chloride-rich vs balanced crystalloid solutions...
May 2016: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Maria Helena Müller Dittrich, Werther Brunow de Carvalho, Edson Lopes Lavado
OBJECTIVE: To compare early versus delayed albumin resuscitation in children with burns in terms of clinical outcome and response. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Burn center at a tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-six children aged 1-12 years with burns greater than 15-45% total body surface area admitted within 12 hours of burn injury. INTERVENTIONS: Fluid resuscitation was based on the Parkland formula (3 mL/kg/% total body surface area), adjusted according to urine output...
June 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Ulf Schött, Cristina Solomon, Dietmar Fries, Peter Bentzer
The glycocalyx is a carbohydrate-rich layer that lines the luminal side of the vascular endothelium. Its soluble components exist in a dynamic equilibrium with the bloodstream and play an important role in maintaining endothelial layer integrity. However, the glycocalyx can be easily damaged and is extremely vulnerable to insults from a variety of sources, including inflammation, trauma, haemorrhagic shock, hypovolemia and ischaemia-reperfusion. Damage to the glycocalyx commonly precedes further damage to the vascular endothelium...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Elliot Long, Trevor Duke
Sepsis and septic shock are the final common pathway for many decompensated paediatric infections. Fluid resuscitation therapy has been the cornerstone of haemodynamic resuscitation in these children. Good evidence for equivalence between 0.9% saline and 4% albumin, with the relative expense of the latter, has meant that 0.9% saline is currently the most commonly used resuscitation fluid world-wide. Evidence for harm from the chloride load in 0.9% saline has generated interest in balanced solutions as first line resuscitation fluids...
February 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Christopher Valerio, Eleni Theocharidou, Andrew Davenport, Banwari Agarwal
To provide an overview of the properties of human serum albumin (HSA), and to review the evidence for the use of human albumin solution (HAS) in critical illness, sepsis and cirrhosis. A MEDLINE search was performed using the terms "human albumin", "critical illness", "sepsis" and "cirrhosis". The references of retrieved articles were reviewed manually. Studies published between 1980 and 2014 were selected based on quality criteria. Data extraction was performed by all authors. HSA is the main plasma protein contributing greatly to its oncotic pressure...
March 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Susanne Helena Hodgson, Brian John Angus
INTRODUCTION: Severe malaria mainly affects children aged under 5 years, non-immune travellers, migrants to malarial areas, and people living in areas with unstable or seasonal malaria. Cerebral malaria, causing encephalopathy and coma, is fatal in around 20% of children and adults, and may lead to neurological sequelae in survivors. Severe malarial anaemia may have a mortality rate of over 13%. The role of fluid resuscitation in severe malaria is complex and controversial. Volume expansion could help to improve impaired organ perfusion and correct metabolic acidosis...
2016: Clinical Evidence
Tatjana Stenzel, Clair Weidgang, Katja Wagner, Florian Wagner, Michael Gröger, Sandra Weber, Bettina Stahl, Ulrich Wachter, Josef Vogt, Enrico Calzia, Stephanie Denk, Michael Georgieff, Markus Huber-Lang, Peter Radermacher, Oscar McCook
Septic shock-related kidney failure is characterized by almost normal morphological appearance upon pathological examination. Endothelial barrier disrupture has been suggested to be of crucial importance for septic shock-induced organ dysfunction. Therefore, in murine resuscitated cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced septic shock, we tested the hypothesis whether there is a direct relationship between the kidney endothelial barrier injury and renal dysfunction. Anesthetized mice underwent CLP, and 15 h later, were anesthetized again and surgically instrumented for a 5-h period of intensive care comprising lung-protective mechanical ventilation, fluid resuscitation, continuous i...
October 2016: Shock
Yuk Lung Wong, Ingmar Lautenschläger, Karina Zitta, Christin Schildhauer, Kerstin Parczany, Christoph Röcken, Markus Steinfath, Norbert Weiler, Martin Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Volume resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is controversially discussed and we recently showed that HES perfusion impairs endothelial and epithelial intestinal barrier integrity. Here we investigated whether Albumin containing HES solutions are superior to HES alone in maintaining intestinal barrier function. METHODS: An isolated perfused model of the mouse small intestine was used to investigate the effects of: (i) 3 % Albumin (Alb), (ii) 3 % HES or (iii) 1...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
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