keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Heart rate variability infant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102874/cardiorespiratory-hospitalisation-and-mortality-reductions-after-smoking-bans-in-switzerland
#1
Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Martin Röösli, Dragana Radovanovic, Leticia Grize, Fabienne Witassek, Christian Schindler, Laura Perez
INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans are considered one of the most effective policies to reduce population exposure to tobacco smoke and prevent adverse health outcomes. However, evidence on the effect of contextual variables on the effectiveness of smoking bans is still lacking. AIMS: The patchwork of cantonal smoke-free laws in Switzerland was used as a quasi-experimental setting to assess changes after their introduction in: hospitalisations and mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in adults; total hospitalisations and hospitalisations due to respiratory disorders in children; and the modifying effects of contextual factors and the effectiveness of the laws...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079876/cardiac-output-decreases-and-systemic-vascular-resistance-increases-in-newborns-placed-in-the-left-lateral-position
#2
G Paviotti, S Todero, S Demarini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to study the effect of short-term left-lateral position on cardiovascular parameters in hemodynamically stable newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) and heart rate (HR) were measured by electric velocimetry in hemodynamically stable newborns without respiratory support in the supine, left-lateral and back-to-supine positions, each kept for 10 min. RESULTS: Thirty-two newborns were enrolled, birth weight 2134 (1818 to 2460) g, gestational age 34...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079874/cerebral-modulation-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-in-term-infants
#3
N Schneebaum Sender, R B Govindan, M T Whitehead, A N Massaro, M Metzler, J Wang, Y I Cheng, A J du Plessis
OBJECTIVE: Central topography of autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has yet to be fully deciphered. In adults it has been shown to lateralize sympathetic and parasympathetic influence predominantly to the right and left cerebral hemispheres, respectively. We examined functional topography of central ANS in newborn subjects utilizing spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV), an established measure of ANS function. STUDY DESIGN: We studied newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy participating in a prospective study undergoing a therapeutic hypothermia protocol...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001143/vital-signs-and-their-cross-correlation-in-sepsis-and-nec-a-study-of-1-065-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-two-nicus
#4
Karen D Fairchild, Douglas E Lake, John Kattwinkel, J Randall Moorman, David A Bateman, Philip G Grieve, Joseph R Isler, Rakesh Sahni
BACKGROUND: Subtle changes in vital signs and their interactions occur in preterm infants prior to overt deterioration from late-onset septicemia (LOS) or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Optimizing predictive algorithms may lead to earlier treatment. METHODS: For 1,065 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), mean, SD, and cross-correlation of respiratory rate, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were analyzed hourly (131 infant-years' data)...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989406/features-of-heart-rate-variability-capture-regulatory-changes-during-kangaroo-care-in-preterm-infants
#5
Deedee R Kommers, Rohan Joshi, Carola van Pul, Louis Atallah, Loe Feijs, Guid Oei, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Peter Andriessen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether heart rate variability (HRV) can serve as a surrogate measure to track regulatory changes during kangaroo care, a period of parental coregulation distinct from regulation within the incubator. STUDY DESIGN: Nurses annotated the starting and ending times of kangaroo care for 3 months. The pre-kangaroo care, during-kangaroo care, and post-kangaroo care data were retrieved in infants with at least 10 accurately annotated kangaroo care sessions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956909/left-ventricular-function-after-arterial-switch-operation-as-assessed-by-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-patients-with-simple-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#6
Elaheh Malakan Rad, Yazdan Ghandi, Armen Kocharian, Mohammadreza Mirzaaghayan
Background: The late postoperative course for children with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with an intact ventricular septum (IVS) is very important because the coronary arteries may be at risk of damage during arterial switch operation (ASO). We sought to investigate left ventricular function in patients with TGA/IVS by echocardiography. Methods: From March 2011 to December 2012, totally 20 infants (12 males and 8 females) with TGA/IVS were evaluated via 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D STE) more than 6 months after they underwent ASO...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914263/positive-effects-of-low-intensity-recorded-maternal-voice-on-physiologic-reactions-in-premature-infants
#7
Negar Sajjadian, Mahboobeh Mohammadzadeh, Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Mamak Shariat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low intensity recorded maternal voice on the physiologic reactions of healthy premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Physiologic responses of 20 healthy preterm infants in the NICU of Shariati Hospital, Tehran, were obtained during a 15min intervention including three 5min periods (no-sound control, audio recorded playback of mother's voice, no-sound post-voice). The intervention was presented three times a day for three consecutive days...
November 30, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879470/incidence-and-management-of-thrombotic-and-thromboembolic-complications-following-the-norwood-procedure-a-systematic-review
#8
Arnav Agarwal, Mohammed Firdouse, Nishaan Brar, Andy Yang, Panos Lambiris, Anthony K Chan, Tapas K Mondal
BACKGROUND: The stage 1 Norwood procedure and its variants represent the first step of palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Although appropriate postoperative thromboprophylaxis is integral, significant variance remains across institutional practices. The purpose of this systematic review is to estimate the incidence of thrombosis and thromboembolism following the Norwood or modified Blalock-Taussig shunt procedure and examine current thromboprophylaxis regimens. METHODS: Ovid MEDLINE and Embase were searched from January 2000 to June 2016 for primary studies explicitly reporting incidence of thrombosis, thromboembolism (strokes and pulmonary embolisms), or shunt occlusion in neonates, infants, and children undergoing the Norwood procedure or any variant...
November 21, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855152/heart-rate-variability-in-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-during-therapeutic-hypothermia
#9
Robert M Goulding, Nathan J Stevenson, Deirdre M Murray, Vicki Livingstone, Peter M Filan, Geraldine B Boylan
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) aims to ameliorate further injury in infants with moderate and severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We aim to assess the effect of TH on heart rate variability (HRV) in infants with HIE. METHODS: Multichannel video-electroencephalography (EEG) and electrocardiography were assessed at 6-72 h after birth in full-term infants with HIE, recruited prior to (pre-TH group) and following (TH group) the introduction of TH in our neonatal unit...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848142/parasympathetic-tone-variations-according-to-umbilical-cord-ph-at-birth-a-computerized-fetal-heart-rate-variability-analysis
#10
Laura Butruille, Julien De Jonckheere, Mathilde Flocteil, Charles Garabedian, Véronique Houfflin-Debarge, Laurent Storme, Philippe Deruelle, Régis Logier
Non-reassuring fetal heart rate tracings reflect an imbalance between the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems. In this situation, fetal asphyxia can be suspected and may be confirmed by metabolic measurements at birth like low pH or high base deficit values. The objective of this study was to determine whether fetal asphyxia during labor is related to parasympathetic nervous system activity. This is a retrospective study of a database collected in 5 centers. Two hundred and ninety-nine fetal heart rate tracings collected during labor were analyzed...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793105/assessment-of-risk-factors-for-cerebral-oxygen-desaturation-during-neonatal-and-infant-general-anesthesia-an-observational-prospective-study
#11
Ilona Razlevice, Danguole C Rugyte, Loreta Strumylaite, Andrius Macas
BACKGROUND: Cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2c) decrease from baseline greater than 20 % during infant cardiac surgery was associated with postoperative neurologic changes and neurodevelopmental impairment at 1 year of age. So far, there is no sufficient evidence to support the routine monitoring of rSO2c during general surgical procedures in children. We aimed to find out the frequency of cerebral desaturation 20 % or more from baseline and to identify possible predictors of change in cerebral oxygen saturation during neonatal and infant general surgery...
October 28, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784276/the-influence-of-physical-activity-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-fetal-or-infant-heart-rate-variability-a-systematic-review
#12
Pavel Dietz, Estelle D Watson, Matteo C Sattler, Wolfgang Ruf, Sylvia Titze, Mireille van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy has been shown to be associated with several positive effects for mother, fetus, and offspring. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive and surrogate marker to determine fetal overall health and the development of fetal autonomic nervous system. In addition, it has been shown to be significantly influenced by maternal behavior. However, the influence of maternal PA on HRV has not yet been systematically reviewed. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the influence of regular maternal PA on maternal, fetal or infant HRV...
October 26, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761898/an-automated-method-for-coding-sleep-states-in-human-infants-based-on-respiratory-rate-variability
#13
Joseph R Isler, Tracy Thai, Michael M Myers, William P Fifer
A novel quantitative method for coding epochs of active and quiet sleep in infants using respiration is reported. The approach uses the variance of the instantaneous breathing rate within brief epochs of sleep. Variances are normalized within subject by dividing by the 75th percentile variance across epochs. Then, a normalized variance active sleep threshold of 0.29 was determined to produce the highest concordance with a method based on visual inspection of respiratory variability (100% and 90% for quiet and active sleep, respectively)...
December 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751795/the-limits-of-electronic-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-in-the-prevention-of-neonatal-metabolic-acidemia
#14
Steven L Clark, Emily F Hamilton, Thomas J Garite, Audra Timmins, Philip A Warrick, Samuel Smith
BACKGROUND: Despite intensive efforts directed at initial training in fetal heart rate interpretation, continuing medical education, board certification/recertification, team training, and the development of specific protocols for the management of abnormal fetal heart rate patterns, the goals of consistently preventing hypoxia-induced fetal metabolic acidemia and neurologic injury remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to validate a recently published algorithm for the management of category II fetal heart rate tracings, to examine reasons for the birth of infants with significant metabolic acidemia despite the use of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring, and to examine critically the limits of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring in the prevention of neonatal metabolic acidemia...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716696/early-enteral-nutrition-therapy-in-congenital-cardiac-repair-postoperatively-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#15
Manoj Kumar Sahu, Anuradha Singal, Ramesh Menon, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Alka Mohan, Mala Manral, Divya Singh, V Devagouru, Sachin Talwar, Shiv Kumar Choudhary
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutritional supplementation in infants with cardiac malformations after surgical repair is a challenge. Critically ill infants in the early postoperative period are in a catabolic stress. The mismatch between estimated energy requirement (EER) and the intake in the postoperative period is multifactorial, predisposing them to complications such as immune deficiency, more infection, and growth failure. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of enriched breast milk feed on postoperative recovery and growth of infants after open heart surgery...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704220/a-review-of-the-safety-of-clozapine-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#16
REVIEW
Taylor M Mehta, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Clozapine is an antipsychotic used in the management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia. However, little is known about clozapine use during pregnancy and lactation, or its impact on the mother, foetus, and infant. This review aims to summarize the available literature on the safety of clozapine use during the perinatal period. EMBASE, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE were searched from their inceptions through June 2016. The review encompasses 21 studies that have examined clozapine use during pregnancy and lactation...
October 4, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677876/photo-oxidized-bovine-pericardium-in-congenital-cardiac-surgery-single-centre-experience
#17
Christopher W Baird, Patrick O Myers, Breanna Piekarski, Michele Borisuk, Amara Majeed, Sitaram M Emani, Stephen P Sanders, Meena Nathan, Pedro J Del Nido
OBJECTIVES: Dye-mediated photo-oxidation of pericardium is an alternative method to chemical treatment with glutaraldehyde for cross-linking collagen, providing biostability of the patch material while avoiding late calcification and cytotoxicity. There are few data available, on using photo-oxidation-treated pericardium, in congenital cardiac surgery. This study reports the outcomes using Photofix™ bovine pericardium in neonates, infants, children and young adults undergoing paediatric cardiac surgery...
September 27, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649365/outcomes-of-infants-receiving-palivizumab-prophylaxis-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-canada-and-italy-an-international-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Paolo Manzoni, Bosco Paes, Krista L Lanctôt, Alberto Dall'Agnola, Ian Mitchell, Sara Calabrese, Milena Maule, Elisa Girardi, Tetsuhiro Harimoto, Abby Li
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection frequently results in RSV-related hospitalization (RSVH) in young infants. We examined the outcomes of palivizumab recipients within the Canadian Registry (CARESS) and the Torino-Verona Italian Registry over the 2002-2014 RSV seasons. METHODS: RSVHs were captured during the study seasons. Premature infants who received palivizumab (≤35 completed weeks' gestational age; group1) were compared with infants given palivizumab for underlying disorders regardless of gestational age (group 2)...
January 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607517/does-noninvasive-electrical-stimulation-of-acupuncture-points-reduce-heelstick-pain-in-neonates
#19
Anita J Mitchell, Richard W Hall, Brenda Golianu, Charlotte Yates, David Keith Williams, Jason Chang, Kanwaljeet J S Anand
AIM: Noninvasive electrical stimulation at acupuncture points (NESAP) for analgesia is used in children, but has not been widely studied in neonates. The purpose of this study was to determine whether NESAP alone or in combination with sucrose relieved heelstick pain in neonates. METHODS: Term neonates (n = 162) receiving routine heelsticks for newborn screening were enrolled following parental consent. All infants received facilitated tucking and non-nutritive sucking...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515457/blood-pressure-and-heart-rates-in-neonates-and-preschool-children-an-analysis-from-10-years-of-electronic-recording
#20
Cedric E Sottas, David Cumin, Brian J Anderson
BACKGROUND: An acceptable systolic or mean arterial blood pressure for children 0-6 years during anesthesia is unknown. Accepted blood pressures reported in standard charts for healthy awake children may not apply to those undergoing anesthesia. AIM: Our goal was to define observed blood pressures (BP) and heart rate (HR) in children 0-5 years during anesthesia. METHODS: Data from the electronic health record database were available for a 10-year period from June 29, 2005 to July 22, 2015...
November 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
86234
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"