keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood pressure premature

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102522/present-and-future-of-interventional-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension
#1
REVIEW
Ayhan Yoruk, Sinan S Tankut, John P Gassler, John D Bisognano
The increasing prevalence of hypertension, a significant cause of disability and premature death throughout the world, is a major public health concern. This is especially true for the subset of patients who suffer from resistant hypertension, which is associated with a fourfold greater risk of cardiovascular events as compared to those hypertensive patients able to achieve target blood pressure. Though quite daunting in number and ill effect, hypertension remains the most common and the most important modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, and chronic kidney disease...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095501/birth-weight-and-its-relationship-with-the-cardiac-autonomic-balance-in-healthy-children
#2
Livia Victorino Souza, Vanessa Oliveira, Franciele De Meneck, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi, Maria do Carmo Franco
Several studies indicate that the fetal environment plays a significant role in the development of cardiometabolic disease later in life. However, a few studies present conflicting data about the correlation between birth weight and the impairment of cardiac autonomic modulation. The purpose of the present study was to provide further knowledge to elucidate this contradictory relationship. One hundred children aged 5 and 14 years had anthropometric parameters, body composition and blood pressure levels determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094441/sex-drugs-and-rock-and-roll-tales-from-preterm-fetal-life
#3
Laura Bennet
Premature fetuses and babies are at greater risk of mortality and morbidity than their term counterparts. The underlying causes are multifactorial, but include exposure to hypoxia. Immaturity of organs and their functional control may impair the physiological defence responses to hypoxia and the preterm fetal responses, or lack thereof, to moderate hypoxia appear to support this concept. However, as this review demonstrates, despite immaturity, the preterm fetus responds to asphyxia in a qualitatively similar manner to that seen at term...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064284/surgery-modified-pi-with-triple-bonnet-flap-and-fronto-orbital-advancement
#4
Uday Singh Raswan, Sarbjit Singh Chhiber, Altaf Umar Ramzan
INTRODUCTION: Craniosynostosis is the premature fusion of one or more of the cranial sutures and can occur as part of a syndrome or as an isolated defect. Pansynostosis is a rare form of craniosynostosis that involves premature fusion of all the cranial sutures (coronal, sagittal, metopic, and occipital). Particularly in cases of late presentation, there are heightened clinical concerns, both functional and aesthetic. In untreated cases of pansynostosis and increased intracranial pressure, optic nerve damage progresses to optic atrophy and then blindness...
January 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060859/physiological-biochemical-and-biophysical-characterization-of-the-lung-lavaged-spontaneously-breathing-rabbit-as-a-model-for-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Francesca Ricci, Chiara Catozzi, Xabier Murgia, Brenda Rosa, Davide Amidani, Luca Lorenzini, Federico Bianco, Claudio Rivetti, Silvia Catinella, Gino Villetti, Maurizio Civelli, Barbara Pioselli, Carlo Dani, Fabrizio Salomone
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is a widely accepted technique of non-invasive respiratory support in spontaneously-breathing premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Surfactant administration techniques compatible with nCPAP ventilation strategy are actively investigated. Our aim is to set up and validate a respiratory distress animal model that can be managed on nCPAP suitable for surfactant administration techniques studies. Surfactant depletion was induced by bronchoalveolar lavages (BALs) on 18 adult rabbits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002456/parental-age-of-onset-of-cardiovascular-disease-as-a-predictor-for-offspring-age-of-onset-of-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Shannon Anjelica Allport, Ngum Kikah, Nessim Abu Saif, Fonkem Ekokobe, Folefac D Atem
OBJECTIVE: The risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is higher for individuals with a first-degree relative who developed premature CVD (with a threshold at age 55 years for a male or 65 years for a female). However, little is known about the effect that each unit increase or decrease of maternal or paternal age of onset of CVD has on offspring age of onset of CVD. We hypothesized that there is an association between maternal and paternal age of onset of CVD and offspring age of onset of CVD...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002068/an-acute-bout-of-aerobic-exercise-alters-interarm-systolic-blood-pressure-difference
#7
Michael E Holmstrup, Melanie M Clarke, Cailin R Conner, Brock T Jensen
BACKGROUND: Clinically, when a difference of at least 10 mmHg in systolic blood pressure (SBP) between arms exists, it is identified as an interarm systolic blood pressure difference (ISBPD). At rest, ISBPD is linked with hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, and increased premature mortality. Exercise may reveal underlying cardiovascular pathologies otherwise absent at rest. However, there have been no investigations to examine the effect of exercise on ISBPD. AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether exercise may alter ISBPD when detected at rest or reveal ISBPD when it was not observed in the resting condition...
December 21, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992596/phospholamban-ablation-using-crispr-cas9-system-improves-mortality-in-a-murine-heart-failure-model
#8
Manami Kaneko, Kentarou Hashikami, Satoshi Yamamoto, Hirokazu Matsumoto, Tomoyuki Nishimoto
Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) and its inhibitory protein called phospholamban (PLN) are pivotal for Ca2+ handling in cardiomyocyte and are known that their expression level and activity were changed in the heart failure patients. To examine whether PLN inhibition can improve survival rate as well as cardiac function in heart failure, we performed PLN ablation in calsequestrin overexpressing (CSQ-Tg) mice, a severe heart failure model, using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957711/the-role-of-beta-blockers-in-the-treatment-of-hypertension
#9
John M Cruickshank
IMPORTANCE: Two major guide-line committees (JNC-8 and NICE UK) have dropped beta-blockers as first-line therapy in the treatment of hypertension. Also, recent meta-analyses (that do not take age into account) have concluded that beta-blockers are inappropriate first-line agents in the treatment of hypertension. This review seeks to shed some light on the "rights and wrongs" of such actions and conclusions. OBJECTIVES: Because the pathophysiology of primary/essential hypertension differs in elderly and younger subjects, the latter being closely linked to obesity and increased sympathetic nerve activity, the author sought to clarify the efficacy of beta-blockers in the younger/middle-aged group in reducing the risk of death, and cardiovascular end-points...
December 13, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938824/the-global-burden-of-disease-study-and-the-preventable-burden-of-ncd
#10
REVIEW
Catherine P Benziger, Gregory A Roth, Andrew E Moran
Noncommunicable diseases (NCD) now account for more than one-half of the global burden of disease. Cardiovascular diseases account for about one-half of NCD deaths, and the majority of cardiovascular disease deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) study measures and benchmarks health loss from death or disability from more than 300 diseases in over 100 countries. According to GBD analyses, the rise of NCD is in part due to increased life expectancy due to reduced premature mortality from communicable, child, and maternal illnesses, but preventable risk factors also contribute and present targets for NCD control efforts...
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933671/causal-inference-in-obesity-research
#11
REVIEW
P W Franks, N Atabaki-Pasdar
Obesity is a risk factor for a plethora of severe morbidities and premature death. Most supporting evidence comes from observational studies that are prone to chance, bias and confounding. Even data on the protective effects of weight loss from randomized controlled trials will be susceptible to confounding and bias if treatment assignment cannot be masked, which is usually the case with lifestyle and surgical interventions. Thus, whilst obesity is widely considered the major modifiable risk factor for many chronic diseases, its causes and consequences are often difficult to determine...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930355/premature-cardiac-aging-in-south-asian-compared-to-afro-caribbean-subjects-in-a-community-based-screening-study
#12
Eduard Shantsila, Alena Shantsila, Paramjit S Gill, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: People of South Asian (SAs) and African Caribbean (AC) origin have increased cardiovascular morbidity, but underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Aging is the key predictor of deterioration in diastolic function, which can be assessed by echocardiography using E/e' ratio as a surrogate of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. The study aimed to assess a possibility of premature cardiac aging in SA and AC subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 4540 subjects: 2880 SA and 1660 AC subjects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919826/should-blood-pressure-goal-be-individualized-in-hypertensive-patients
#13
REVIEW
Alexandra Yannoutsos, Rania Kheder-Elfekih, Jean-Michel Halimi, Michel E Safar, Jacques Blacher
The aim of the present review is to consider the clinical relevance of individualized blood pressure (BP) goal under treatment in hypertensive patients according to their age, comorbidities or established cardiovascular (CV) disease. Evidence from large-scale randomized trials to support a lower BP goal, as initially recommended by guidelines in high-risk hypertensive patients, were lacking. Recently, the randomized intervention SPRINT trial studied two treatment targets for systolic BP (120mm Hg versus 140mm Hg in the intensive and standard treatment group, respectively) among high-risk hypertensive patients, without diabetes and without a history of prior stroke...
December 2, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898415/hypotension-and-adverse-outcomes-in-prematurity-comparing-definitions
#14
Deidre St Peter, Christiana Gandy, Suma B Hoffman
BACKGROUND: In the premature neonate, there is no consensus regarding normal blood pressure (BP). The most common definition used is a mean arterial BP (MAP) less than the gestational age (GA); however, studies indicate that the neuroprotective mechanism of autoregulation is lost below a MAP of 30 mm Hg. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hypotension defined as MAP <30 mm Hg or MAP less than the infant's GA better predicts adverse outcomes of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and death...
November 30, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895487/combination-therapy-with-lercanidipine-and-enalapril-in-the-management-of-the-hypertensive-patient-an-update-of-the-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Christina Antza, Stella Stabouli, Vasilios Kotsis
Hypertension is an important risk factor for premature death as it increases the probability of stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. Antihypertensive drugs can decrease cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. The majority of hypertensive patients need more than one antihypertensive agent to attain blood pressure (BP) targets. Monotherapy can effectively reduce BP only in 20%-40% of patients. Multiple mechanisms including increased peripheral vascular resistance, increased cardiac work, and hypervolemia are involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882768/-adrenocortical-oncocytoma-presenting-as-cushing%C3%A2-s-syndrome-in-pregnancy-with-spontaneous-postpartum-uterine-rupture
#16
M Kotoulová, I Mikysková, J Dušková, J Vláčil, M Dvořák, M Halaška
OBJECTIVE: The description of rare case of the Cushings syndrome in pregnancy resulting in the spontaneous rupture of uterus. DESIGNS: A case report. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University and Hospital Na Bulovce. CASE REPORT: The authors report the case of a 33 year old woman, who was admitted to the clinic in 30th week of pregnancy for elevated blood pressure and hypokalemia...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872051/management-of-mild-hypertension-in-adults
#17
REVIEW
Anthony J Viera, Emily M Hawes
Elevated blood pressure is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease and affects one in three adults. Blood pressure lowering drugs substantially reduce the risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and premature death, but most clinical trials showing benefits have primarily included patients with moderate to severe hypertension, known cardiovascular disease, or elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. The benefits of treating mild hypertension in patients without cardiovascular disease are less clear, but recent meta-analyses offer some insights...
November 21, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869965/-new-century-new-challenges-changes-in-the-burden-of-disease-profile-in-brazil-1990-2010
#18
Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França
OBJECTIVE: to describe the burden of disease in Brazil from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: analysis of the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 - Years of Life Lost due to premature mortality (YLL), Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY=YLL+YLD) and risk factors. RESULTS: there was a decrease in deaths due to diarrhea and an increase in deaths due to diabetes and kidney disease, whilst deaths due to homicides and traffic accidents remained stable; cardiovascular diseases continued to be the leading cause of death despite a 30% reduction; the largest increases in DALY were due to diabetes and musculoskeletal diseases in women and alcohol abuse and low back pain in men; the main risk factors were poor diet and high blood pressure; smoking, domestic pollution and insufficient breastfeeding were found to have reduced...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865291/adiposity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factor-variables-in-childhood-are-associated-with-premature-death-from-coronary-heart-disease-in-adults-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#19
Gerald S Berenson, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Ji Hua Xu, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: More than 600 deaths of all causes have been documented over the 40-year duration of the Bogalusa Heart Study. Of these, 97 deaths have been related to cardiovascular events, based on obituaries published in local newspapers, death certificates obtained from the State Health Department, information from the coroner and word of mouth by nursing staff from the community. METHODS: This study was a retrospective longitudinal cohort with several observations of each subject...
November 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864167/testing-the-feasibility-of-remote-patient-monitoring-in-prenatal-care-using-a-mobile-app-and-connected-devices-a-prospective-observational-trial
#20
Kathryn I Marko, Jill M Krapf, Andrew C Meltzer, Julia Oh, Nihar Ganju, Anjali G Martinez, Sheetal G Sheth, Nancy D Gaba
BACKGROUND: Excessive weight gain and elevated blood pressure are significant risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes such as gestational diabetes, premature birth, and preeclampsia. More effective strategies to facilitate adherence to gestational weight gain goals and monitor blood pressure may have a positive health benefit for pregnant women and their babies. The impact of utilizing a remote patient monitoring system to monitor blood pressure and weight gain as a component of prenatal care has not been previously assessed...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
keyword
keyword
86233
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"