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Viable placental membrane

K Suzuki, G Michael, Y Tamire
OBJECTIVE: Advances in wound treatment have yielded successful approaches to complex wound closure through plastic surgery or other staged surgical methods. However, not all patients or wounds are candidates for such increasingly rigorous levels of interventions. The exploration of non-surgical treatment options that promote anatomical and functional tissue replacement on an outpatient basis without donor site morbidity is necessary to maximise opportunities for patient mobility and rehabilitation...
October 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Derek S Anselmo, Marc Karpo, Ebony Love, Tracey Vlahovic
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The benefits of using amniotic tissue in skin regeneration are well documented. Today, cryopreservation technology allows for better availability and maintenance of mesenchymal stem cells. This is of particular interest in treating the diabetic foot ulcer as this population has fewer mesenchymal stem cells. The objective of this case series investigation was to compare the efficacy of cryopreserved human amniotic stem cells in treating foot wounds of different etiologies...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Robert G Frykberg, Gary W Gibbons, Jodi L Walters, Dane K Wukich, Farrell C Milstein
Complex diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) with exposed tendon or bone remain a challenge. They are more susceptible to complications such as infection and amputation and require treatments that promote rapid development of granulation tissue and, ultimately, reepithelialisation. The clinical effectiveness of viable cryopreserved human placental membrane (vCHPM) for DFUs has been established in a level 1 trial. However, complex wounds with exposed deeper structures are typically excluded from randomised controlled clinical trials despite being common in clinical practice...
August 3, 2016: International Wound Journal
Roman Szabo, Taliya Lantsman, Diane E Peters, Thomas H Bugge
The membrane-anchored serine proteases prostasin (PRSS8) and matriptase (ST14) initiate a cell surface proteolytic pathway essential for epithelial function. Mice expressing only catalytically inactive prostasin are viable, unlike prostasin null mice, indicating that at least some prostasin functions are non-proteolytic. Here we used knock-in mice expressing catalytically inactive prostasin (Prss8(Ki/Ki)) to show that the physiological and pathological functions of prostasin vary in their dependence on its catalytic activity...
August 1, 2016: Development
M F Malik, L R Hoyos, J Rodriguez-Kovacs, J Gillum, S C Johnson
Introduction. Cesarean scar pregnancies (CSPs) are one of the rarest forms of ectopic pregnancy. Given their rarity, there is lack of consensus regarding the management and natural course of CSPs. Case. A 37-year-old G10 P3063 female with a history of two prior cesarean deliveries was diagnosed with her second CSP at 6 weeks and 5 days in her tenth pregnancy. The patient underwent vertical hysterotomy, excision of a gestational sac implanted in the cesarean sac, and bilateral salpingectomy via a laparotomy incision...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Venu Jain, Radha Chari, Sharon Maslovitz, Dan Farine, Emmanuel Bujold, Robert Gagnon, Melanie Basso, Hayley Bos, Richard Brown, Stephanie Cooper, Katy Gouin, N Lynne McLeod, Savas Menticoglou, William Mundle, Christy Pylypjuk, Anne Roggensack, Frank Sanderson
OBJECTIVE: Physical trauma affects 1 in 12 pregnant women and has a major impact on maternal mortality and morbidity and on pregnancy outcome. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to optimize outcome for both the mother and her fetus. The aim of this document is to provide the obstetric care provider with an evidence-based systematic approach to the pregnant trauma patient. OUTCOMES: Significant health and economic outcomes considered in comparing alternative practices...
June 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Kanchan Vaswani, Hsiu-Wen Chan, Pali Verma, Marloes Dekker Nitert, Hassendrini N Peiris, Ryan J Wood-Bradley, James A Armitage, Gregory E Rice, Murray D Mitchell
BACKGROUND: The placenta is an essential organ that provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus and removes toxic waste products from the fetal circulation. Maintaining placental blood osmotic pressure and blood flow is crucial for viable offspring. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the placenta is a key player in the regulation of maternal-fetal blood flow during pregnancy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine if RAS genes are differentially expressed in mid to late gestation in rat placenta...
2015: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Ruhma Mahmood, Mahmood S Choudhery, Azra Mehmood, Shaheen N Khan, Sheikh Riazuddin
Skin autografting is the most viable and aesthetic technique for treatment of extensive burns; however, this practice has potential limitations. Harvesting cells from neonatal sources (such as placental tissue) is a simple, inexpensive, and noninvasive procedure. In the current study authors sought to evaluate in vitro potential of human placenta derived stem cells to develop into skin-like cells. After extensive washing, amniotic membrane and umbilical cord tissue were separated to harvest amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) and umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs), respectively...
2015: Stem Cells International
Takamasa Ishii, Masaki Miyazawa, Yumi Takanashi, Maya Tanigawa, Kayo Yasuda, Hiromi Onouchi, Noboru Kawabe, Junji Mitsushita, Phil S Hartman, Naoaki Ishii
Historical data in the 1950s suggests that 7%, 11%, 33%, and 87% of couples were infertile by ages 30, 35, 40 and 45, respectively. Up to 22.3% of infertile couples have unexplained infertility. Oxidative stress is associated with male and female infertility. However, there is insufficient evidence relating to the influence of oxidative stress on the maintenance of a viable pregnancy, including pregnancy complications and fetal development. Recently, we have established Tet-mev-1 conditional transgenic mice, which can express the doxycycline-induced mutant SDHC(V69E) transgene and experience mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction leading to intracellular oxidative stress...
2014: Redox Biology
Alexandre U Borbely, Silvana Sandri, Isabella R Fernandes, Karen M Prado, Elaine C Cardoso, Simone Correa-Silva, Renata Albuquerque, Martin Knöfler, Patricia Beltrão-Braga, Ana Campa, Estela Bevilacqua
BACKGROUND: Extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells are of pivotal importance in human embryo implantation and homeostasis of the maternal fetal interface. Invasion of the endometrium by EVT contributes to placental anchorage, spiral artery remodeling, immunological defense, tolerogenic responses, and several collaborative cross talks involved in establishing and maintaining a successful pregnancy. We report here an improved protocol for the isolation of fully differentiated EVT cells from the basal plate of the human term placenta...
2014: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
R Levkovitz, U Zaretsky, Z Gordon, A J Jaffa, D Elad
INTRODUCTION: The placental barrier (PB) is the thin biological membrane made of endothelial cells (EC), trophoblast cells (TC) and basal membrane that separates between maternal and fetal blood circulations within the placenta and facilitates feto-maternal transport characteristics, which are not completely understood. METHODS: An in vitro biological model of the PB model was co-cultured of human TC (HTR8) and human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC) on both sides of a denuded amniotic membrane (AM) using custom designed wells...
August 2013: Placenta
Scott Bieber, Jeffrey B Halldorson, Eric Finn, Suhail Ahmad, Jeffrey S Chamberlain, Guy L Odom
Over the past decade much progress has been made towards the treatment of disease with recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors, ranging from cancer to muscular dystrophies, and autoimmune diseases to cystic fibrosis. Given inherent challenges of vector delivery we developed a system incorporating commercially available dialysis equipment. This concept was evaluated in vitro utilizing rAAV expressing the reporter gene human placental alkaline phosphatase. A number of pre-circulating conditions were assessed...
2013: Scientific Reports
Emanuela Guerra, Rossano Lattanzio, Rossana La Sorda, Francesca Dini, Gian Mario Tiboni, Mauro Piantelli, Saverio Alberti
Congenital tufting enteropathy (CTE) is a life-threatening hereditary disease that is characterized by enteric mucosa tufting degeneration and early onset, severe diarrhea. Loss-of-function mutations of the human EPCAM gene (TROP1, TACSTD1) have been indicated as the cause of CTE. However, loss of mTrop1/Epcam in mice appeared to lead to death in utero, due to placental malformation. This and indications of residual Trop-1/EpCAM expression in cases of CTE cast doubt on the role of mTrop1/Epcam in this disease...
2012: PloS One
Junichi Hasegawa, Masamitsu Nakamura, Shoko Hamada, Ayumi Okuyama, Ryu Matsuoka, Kiyotake Ichizuka, Akihiko Sekizawa, Takashi Okai
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether mothers with gestational weight loss (GWL) were likely to have adverse effects on the placenta. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects who delivered viable singleton infants after 24 weeks of gestation were enrolled. A retrospective analysis to evaluate cases of GWL in association with the findings of the placenta and amniotic membrane after delivery was conducted. After consideration of confounders, a case-control study with matched pairs (1:2) was performed...
October 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
C Cummins, S Carrington, E Fitzpatrick, V Duggan
Ascending placentitis is a condition that occurs late in pregnancy when bacteria enter the sterile uterus from the lower reproductive tract. It leads to abortion or the birth of premature and weakened foals. Early detection and treatment of this condition is vital for ensuring the production of a viable foal.Mares with ascending placentitis often present in late term pregnancy with signs of premature udder development and premature lactation. There may be a vulvar discharge. Early detection of placental problems is possible using trans-abdominal or trans-rectal ultrasonography...
2008: Irish Veterinary Journal
Daniel H Kort, Jennifer Gosselin, Janet M Choi, Melvin H Thornton, Jane Cleary-Goldman, Mark V Sauer
Assisted reproductive technology using donor-egg in vitro fertilization (D-IVF) has enabled women 50 years and above to successfully achieve pregnancy. We examine the safety profile of these pregnancies through a large, single-center case series and retrospective cohort analysis in which all participants were carefully screened medically prior to conception. Consecutive women aged ≥ 50 years (n = 101) who achieved a viable pregnancy via D-IVF were identified and their perinatal outcomes were recorded. These data were compared with control data from younger (≤ 42 years) recipients of D-IVF (n = 41) who also achieved a viable pregnancy at our center during the same period...
April 2012: American Journal of Perinatology
G Sujatha, Arvind Sinha, Shashi Singh
Nanomaterials are being made for use in various fields in biology from sensors to clutches. Nanomaterials may be perceived, in bizarre ways by the cells. Starting from the membrane to the nucleus, each component of the cell could have a new response. Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC) isolated from human placenta, Wharton's jelly, cord blood, fetal bone marrow and adipose tissue, cultured in the presence of biomaterials were monitored for differentiation in to the osteogenic phenotype. On the basis of osteogenic marker expression analysis, placental cells exhibited the best osteogenic potential among the different MSC...
February 2011: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Dilly O C Anumba, Saad El Gelany, Sarah L Elliott, Tin C Li
BACKGROUND: We have recently shown that serum relaxin-2 levels are attenuated in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). We sought to determine whether a history of RPL is also associated with changes in serum matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteases (TIMP) -1 and -2. METHODS: We obtained serum from 20 pregnant women with a history of RPL and 20 age-matched pregnant women with no history of RPL (NRPL) at 6-8, 10-12, 20, and 34 weeks gestation, and from cord blood...
2010: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Devorah C Goldman, Nathan Donley, Jan L Christian
Vertebrate Bmp2 and Bmp4 diverged from a common ancestral gene and encode closely related proteins. Mice homozygous for null mutations in either gene show early embryonic lethality, thereby precluding analysis of shared functions. In the current studies, we present phenotypic analysis of compound mutant mice heterozygous for a null allele of Bmp2 in combination with null or hypomorphic alleles of Bmp4. Whereas mice lacking a single copy of Bmp2 or Bmp4 are viable and have subtle developmental defects, compound mutants show embryonic and postnatal lethality due to defects in multiple organ systems including the allantois, placental vasculature, ventral body wall, skeleton, eye and heart...
March 2009: Mechanisms of Development
Nicola J Robinson, Mark Wareing, Nicola K Hudson, Richard T Blankley, Philip N Baker, John D Aplin, Ian P Crocker
Maternal endothelial activation in pre-eclampsia is attributed to the release of unknown factors from a hypoperfused placenta. To further characterize these factors, we have used a serum-free placental villous explant culture model and investigated the effect of the liberated soluble factors produced on human endothelial cell cultures. Term placental villous explants from uncomplicated pregnancies were cultured for 4 days in 20, 6 or 1% O2 to mimic placental hyperoxia, normoxia and hypoxia. Medium collected from viable explants was applied to cultured human uterine microvascular endothelial cells...
March 2008: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
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