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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813996/analyzing-at-home-prosthesis-use-in-unilateral-upper-limb-amputees-to-inform-treatment-device-design
#1
Adam J Spiers, Linda Resnik, Aaron M Dollar
New upper limb prosthetic devices are continuously being developed by a variety of industrial, academic, and hobbyist groups. Yet, little research has evaluated the long term use of currently available prostheses in daily life activities, beyond laboratory or survey studies. We seek to objectively measure how experienced unilateral upper limb prosthesis-users employ their prosthetic devices and unaffected limb for manipulation during everyday activities. In particular, our goal is to create a method for evaluating all types of amputee manipulation, including non-prehensile actions beyond conventional grasp functions, as well as to examine the relative use of both limbs in unilateral and bilateral cases...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813847/a-research-on-the-postural-stability-of-a-person-wearing-the-lower-limb-exoskeletal-robot-by-the-hat-model
#2
Minsu Chang, Yeongmin Kim, Yoseph Lee, Doyoung Jeon
This paper proposes a method of detecting the postural stability of a person wearing the lower limb exoskeletal robot with the HAT(Head-Arm-Trunk) model. Previous studies have shown that the human posture is stable when the CoM(Center of Mass) of the human body is placed on the BoS(Base of Support). In the case of the lower limb exoskeletal robot, the motion data, which are used for the CoM estimation, are acquired by sensors in the robot. The upper body, however, does not have sensors in each segment so that it may cause the error of the CoM estimation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813586/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-aircraft-road-and-railway-noise-a-case-control-study-based-on-health-insurance-records
#3
Janice Hegewald, Melanie Schubert, Mandy Wagner, Patrik Dröge, Ursel Prote, Enno Swart, Ulrich Möhler, Hajo Zeeb, Andreas Seidler
Objectives Aircraft, road, and rail traffic noise can cause sleep disturbances. Since night work and shorter sleep durations have been linked to increased risks of breast cancer, we examined if 24-hour, or day- or night-time traffic noise exposure may also increase the risk of breast cancer. Methods To investigate the noise-related risks of breast cancer, the pseudonymized insurance records of three large statutory health companies (2005-2010) for women aged ≥40 years living in the region surrounding the Frankfurt international airport were analyzed with address-specific acoustic data representing aircraft, road, and rail-traffic noise...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813422/perceived-public-transport-infrastructure-modifies-the-association-between-public-transport-use-and-mental-health-multilevel-analyses-from-the-united-kingdom
#4
Xiaoqi Feng, Zhiqiang Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
AIMS: Investments to promote public transport utilisation are being championed to achieve sustainable development, but the potential co-benefits for mental health are comparatively under-researched. We hypothesised that frequent users of public transport would be more likely to have better mental health (possibly due to increased levels of physical activity), but among the more frequent users, less favourable perceptions of public transport infrastructure (PPTI) could have a negative influence on mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812986/epigenome-aberrations-emerging-driving-factors-of-the-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Ali Mehdi, Yasser Riazalhosseini
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most common form of Kidney cancer, is characterized by frequent mutations of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene in ~85% of sporadic cases. Loss of pVHL function affects multiple cellular processes, among which the activation of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) pathway is the best-known function. Constitutive activation of HIF signaling in turn activates hundreds of genes involved in numerous oncogenic pathways, which contribute to the development or progression of ccRCC...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812958/a-microcosting-study-of-establishing-a-baby-caf%C3%A3-%C3%A2-in-texas
#6
Rigoberto I Delgado, Sara L Gill
BACKGROUND: This article focuses on the costs of opening and running a Baby Café. A Baby Café is an intervention that focuses on providing peer-to-peer support for breastfeeding mothers. Research aim: This study aimed to estimate the costs of establishing and running a Baby Café. METHODS: The authors used a microcosting approach to identifying costs using the case of a Baby Café located in San Antonio, Texas, and modeled after other existing cafés in the United States...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812833/evaluating-the-implementation-and-feasibility-of-a-web-based-tool-to-support-timely-identification-and-care-for-the-frail-population-in-primary-healthcare-settings
#7
Beverley Lawson, Tara Sampalli, Stephanie Wood, Grace Warner, Paige Moorhouse, Rick Gibson, Laurie Mallery, Fred Burge, Lisa G Bedford
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing the needs of frail persons is an emerging health priority for Nova Scotia and internationally. Primary healthcare (PHC) providers regularly encounter frail persons in their daily clinical work. However, routine identification and measurement of frailty is not standard practice and, in general, there is a lack of awareness about how to identify and respond to frailty. A web-based tool called the Frailty Portal was developed to aid in identifying, screening, and providing care for frail patients in PHC settings...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812525/a-cross-cultural-exploration-of-abortion-fund-patients-in-the-usa-and-the-republic-of-ireland-northern-ireland-and-the-isle-of-man
#8
Gretchen E Ely, Travis W Hales, D Lynn Jackson
This paper details results of a study examining administrative case data from 2010-2015 from abortion funds serving the USA and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. Driven by the available data, the researchers compared organisational characteristics, patient characteristics, procedural costs, patient resources and the ratio between patient resources and procedural costs. Independent t-tests were conducted to assess whether differences in characteristics, costs or resources were significant...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812419/the-effects-of-exergaming-and-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-cognition-in-a-person-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#9
Srikant Vallabhajosula, Amy K McMillion, Jane E Freund
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) commonly impairs posture, gait, and cognition. Exercise in the form of aerobic activity as well as exergaming may improve motor ability and cognition in persons with PD. Exergaming and treadmill training can be a practical form of exercise within the home; however, there is minimal research on this combined multimodal intervention for persons with PD. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of this combined intervention on cognition, balance, and gait in a person with PD through supervised lab sessions augmented by home-based sessions...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812130/studies-on-the-radiographic-visibility-of-the-periodontal-ligament-in-lower-third-molars-can-the-olze-method-be-used-in-the-chinese-population
#10
Yu-Cheng Guo, Mu-Jia Li, Andreas Olze, Sven Schmidt, Ronald Schulz, Hong Zhou, Heidi Pfeiffer, Teng Chen, Andreas Schmeling
The purpose of the present research is to study the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in third molars from a northern Chinese population to determine if this methodology could be used for the 18-year threshold. A total of 1300 conventional orthopantomograms from 650 males and 650 females of northern Chinese subjects aged between 15 and 40 years were analyzed. The radiographic visibility of the periodontal membrane of fully mineralized third molars was assessed using the stages described by Olze et al...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811927/premature-deaths-among-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-after-discharge-from-long-term-hospitalisation-in-japan-a-naturalistic-observation-during-a-24-year-period
#11
Shinsuke Kondo, Yousuke Kumakura, Akiko Kanehara, Daisuke Nagato, Taro Ueda, Tsuneo Matsuoka, Yukiko Tao, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Premature death in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) in countries without nationally collected data, including Japan, is structurally underreported. AIMS: To elucidate excess mortality among individuals with SMI in Japan. METHOD: We retrospectively investigated all deaths among users of a non-clinical community-based mental health service provider in suburban Tokyo from 1992 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, 45 individuals died among 254 qualified registrants...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811812/lower-thoracic-syndrome
#12
Muhammad Nazim Farooq
The role of thoracic spine related dysfunction in producing lower extremity symptoms is not clear. This case study describes the assessment and treatment of a patient with low back pain and bilateral lower extremity (BLE) symptoms. It was found that patient education about postural awareness and passive mobilization are valuable aids to decrease BLE symptoms due to sympathetic nervous system (SNS) dysfunction and lower thoracic hypomobility. The clinicians need to consider examination and treatment of the lower thoracic area in patients with BLE symptoms...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811803/a-study-of-galactin-3-on-fine-needle-aspiration-as-a-diagnostic-marker-differentiating-benign-from-malignant-thyroid-neoplasm
#13
Alliya Muzafar, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Ihtesham Uddin Qureshi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Thyroid nodules are very common in our setup and their diagnosis on fine needle aspiration is not easy and is a taxing affair. It is a challenge to differentiate between follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma without histology. Our objective was to investigate the role of Galectin-3 in fine needle aspirates of thyroid nodules as a prospective diagnostic marker and consequently its ability to differentiate benign from malignant neoplasms. METHODS: The research was conducted at the department of Pathology, King Edward Medical University, in association with other teaching institutions of Lahore from June 2012 to July 2014...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811247/pharmacological-analysis-of-poecilotheria-spider-venoms-in-mice-provides-clues-for-human-treatment
#14
Alexander Andreev-Andrievskiy, Anfisa Popova, Evgeniia Lagereva, Daniil Osipov, Antonina Berkut, Eugene Grishin, Alexander Vassilevski
Bites of tiger spiders belonging to Poecilotheria genus cause moderate to severe pain and long-lasting local or generalized muscle cramps in humans. Bites occur in regions of the spiders' natural habitat, India and Sri Lanka, but the popularity of these colorful tarantulas as pets leads to reports of envenomation cases worldwide. Treatment is predominantly symptomatic and often inadequate since there is almost no clinical or toxicology research data available, and physicians outside India or Sri Lanka typically have no experience in treating such cases...
August 12, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810999/case-report-on-the-use-of-a-custom-myoelectric-elbow-wrist-hand-orthosis-for-the-remediation-of-upper-extremity-paresis-and-loss-of-function-in-chronic-stroke
#15
Stefanie Dunaway, D Brianna Dezsi, Jessica Perkins, Daniel Tran, Jonathan Naft
INTRODUCTION: This case study describes the application of a commercially available, custom myoelectric elbow-wrist-hand orthosis (MEWHO), on a veteran diagnosed with chronic stroke with residual left hemiparesis. The MEWHO provides powered active assistance for elbow flexion/extension and 3 jaw chuck grip. It is a noninvasive orthosis that is driven by the user's electromyographic signal. Experience with the MEWHO and associated outcomes are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participant completed 21 outpatient occupational therapy sessions that incorporated the use of a custom MEWHO without grasp capability into traditional occupational therapy interventions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810924/mutational-analysis-of-col1a1-and-col1a2-genes-among-estonian-osteogenesis-imperfecta-patients
#16
Lidiia Zhytnik, Katre Maasalu, Ene Reimann, Ele Prans, Sulev Kõks, Aare Märtson
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare bone disorder. In 90% of cases, OI is caused by mutations in the COL1A1/2 genes, which code procollagen α1 and α2 chains. The main aim of the current research was to identify the mutational spectrum of COL1A1/2 genes in Estonian patients. The small population size of Estonia provides a unique chance to explore the collagen I mutational profile of 100% of OI families in the country. METHODS: We performed mutational analysis of peripheral blood gDNA of 30 unrelated Estonian OI patients using Sanger sequencing of COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes, including all intron-exon junctions and 5'UTR and 3'UTR regions, to identify causative OI mutations...
August 15, 2017: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810428/how-have-selection-bias-and-disease-misclassification-undermined-the-validity-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-studies
#17
Luis Nacul, Eliana M Lacerda, Caroline C Kingdon, Hayley Curran, Erinna W Bowman
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome has been a controversial diagnosis, resulting in tensions between patients and professionals providing them with care. A major constraint limiting progress has been the lack of a 'gold standard' for diagnosis; with a number of imperfect clinical and research criteria used, each defining different, though overlapping, groups of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome. We review basic epidemiological concepts to illustrate how the use of more specific and restrictive case definitions could improve research validity and drive progress in the field by reducing selection bias caused by diagnostic misclassification...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810397/healthcare-experiences-of-a-black-lesbian-in-the-united-states
#18
Ofa L Ejaife, Ivy K Ho
Little is known about the healthcare experiences of Black lesbian and bisexual women. This exploratory study examined the healthcare experiences of a 24-year-old Black lesbian and the interconnection between race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual identity in her lived experiences. Data were gathered through an in-depth audio-recorded interview. Findings revealed the risks of and barriers to self-disclosure in healthcare settings, factors that influence the quality of the patient-provider relationship, and the positive and negative healthcare experiences of this Black American lesbian...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810294/-morphologic-features-of-fallopian-tubal-epithelium-in-pelvic-high-grade-serous-carcinoma
#19
R J Zhao, Y Y Wang, Z Li, K Y Wu, L F Kong, W X Zheng
Objective: To study the pathologic features of fallopian tubal epithelium in patients with pelvic high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), to investigate its role in pelvic serous carcinogenesis and to reclassify the primary site of HGSC based on recently proposed criteria. Methods: The fallopian tubes in 58 cases of pelvic HGSC (54 cases of ovarian primary, 3 cases of tubal primary, 1 case of peritoneum) and 25 cases of pelvic non-HGSC (5 cases of ovarian low-grade serous cancer, 9 cases of endometrioid cancer, and 11 cases of clear cell ovary carcinoma) were collected from June 2015 to December 2016, and serially examined under light microscope (SEE-FIM protocol)...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810201/the-association-between-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-organophosphate-pesticides-exposure-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Liqin Hu, Dan Luo, Tingting Zhou, Yun Tao, Jingwen Feng, Surong Mei
Several epidemiological studies show the association between organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), yet various research results remain controversial. To explore the hazard of OPs exposure to human health, three kinds of OPs (Terbufos, Malathion, and Diazinon) that are non-halogenated aliphatic compounds were included in the meta-analysis. We searched PubMed and Web of Science Databases for articles published from 1985 to February 2017. The databases were also searched for eligible studies through a manual references search...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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