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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053306/gw170814-a-three-detector-observation-of-gravitational-waves-from-a-binary-black-hole-coalescence
#1
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S V Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, D V Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, S D Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, M Bawaj, J C Bayley, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, J J Bero, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, E Bonilla, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, K Bossie, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, P Cerdá-Durán, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chase, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, K Chatziioannou, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, H Chia, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, P Clearwater, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, D Cohen, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, I Cordero-Carrión, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, G Dálya, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, N Demos, T Denker, T Dent, R De Pietri, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, C De Rossi, R DeSalvo, O de Varona, J Devenson, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, C Dreissigacker, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, P Dupej, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, D Estevez, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, C Fee, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, D Finstad, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, M Fishbach, R P Fisher, M Fitz-Axen, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, J A Font, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, C Garcia-Quiros, F Garufi, B Gateley, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, B Goncharov, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, E M Gretarsson, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, O Halim, B R Hall, E D Hall, E Z Hamilton, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, T Hinderer, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, N K Johnson-McDaniel, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, B Kamai, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S J Kapadia, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, K Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, M Kinley-Hanlon, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, T D Knowles, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, S D Linker, T B Littenberg, J Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, R Macas, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, A Markowitz, E Maros, A Marquina, P Marsh, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, E Massera, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, L McNeill, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, M Mehmet, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, M C Milovich-Goff, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, D Moffa, A Moggi, K Mogushi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S Morisaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, A Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A Muñiz, M Muratore, P G Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, J Neilson, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Nery, A Neunzert, L Nevin, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, C North, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, G D O'Dea, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M A Okada, M Oliver, P Oppermann, R J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, S Ossokine, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, Howard Pan, Huang-Wei Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, A Parida, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, M Patil, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pirello, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, G Pratten, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, R Prix, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, B Rajbhandari, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, A Ramos-Buades, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, W Ren, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, G Rutins, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, L E Sanchez, N Sanchis-Gual, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, M Scheel, J Scheuer, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, M B Shaner, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, L P Singer, A Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, S Somala, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, K Staats, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, S P Stevenson, R Stone, D J Stops, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, A Strunk, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, J Suresh, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, S C Tait, C Talbot, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J D Tasson, J A Taylor, R Taylor, S V Tewari, T Theeg, F Thies, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, A Torres-Forné, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, L Tsukada, D Tsuna, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, W H Wang, Y F Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, J Westerweck, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, S E Whitcomb, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Wilken, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, D M Wysocki, S Xiao, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, L Yang, M J Yap, M Yazback, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, A B Zimmerman, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
On August 14, 2017 at 10∶30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of ≲1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5_{-3.0}^{+5.7}M_{⊙} and 25.3_{-4.2}^{+2.8}M_{⊙} (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540_{-210}^{+130}  Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z=0...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049756/interventions-to-improve-follow-up-of-positive-results-on-fecal-blood-tests-a-systematic-review
#2
Kevin Selby, Christine Baumgartner, Theodore R Levin, Chyke A Doubeni, Ann G Zauber, Joanne Schottinger, Christopher D Jensen, Jeffrey K Lee, Douglas A Corley
Background: Fecal immunochemical testing is the most commonly used method for colorectal cancer screening worldwide. However, its effectiveness is frequently undermined by failure to obtain follow-up colonoscopy after positive test results. Purpose: To evaluate interventions to improve rates of follow-up colonoscopy for adults after a positive result on a fecal test (guaiac or immunochemical). Data Sources: English-language studies from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and Embase from database inception through June 2017...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034979/the-role-of-intragroup-agonism-in-parent-offspring-relationships-and-natal-dispersal-in-monogamous-owl-monkeys-aotus-azarae-of-argentina
#3
Margaret K Corley, Siyang Xia, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque
Agonistic behaviors are common in many group-living taxa and may serve a variety of functions, ranging from regulating conflicts over reproduction to defending food resources. However, high rates of agonism are not expected to occur among close relatives or individuals in established mating relationships, which are characteristics of monogamous groups. To contribute to our understanding of agonism within socially monogamous groups, we collected behavioral and demographic data from Azara's owl monkeys (Aotus azarae) in the Gran Chaco of Argentina over 14 years...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981301/examining-the-influence-of-perceived-stress-on-developmental-change-in-memory-and-perceptual-speed-for-adopted-and-nonadopted-individuals
#4
Ashley A Ricker, Robin Corley, John C DeFries, Sally J Wadsworth, Chandra A Reynolds
The present study prospectively evaluated cumulative early life perceived stress in relation to differential change in memory and perceptual speed from middle childhood to early adulthood. We aimed to identify periods of cognitive development susceptible to the effects of perceived stress among both adopted and nonadopted individuals. The sample consisted of participants in the Colorado Adoption Project (CAP, N = 690). Structured latent growth curves were fit to 4 memory outcomes as well as 1 perceptual speed outcome, which described nonlinear change between ages 9 and 30...
October 5, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975875/education-in-twins-and-their-parents-across-birth-cohorts-over-100-years-an-individual-level-pooled-analysis-of-42-twin-cohorts
#5
Karri Silventoinen, Aline Jelenkovic, Antti Latvala, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Catarina Almqvist, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth J F Loos, Christian Kandler, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Esther Rebato, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Sonia Brescianini, Yoon-Mi Hur, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Andreas Busjahn, Kimberly J Saudino, Fuling Ji, Feng Ning, Zengchang Pang, Richard J Rose, Markku Koskenvuo, Kauko Heikkilä, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Joohon Sung, Jina Kim, Jooyeon Lee, Sooji Lee, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Clare H Llewellyn, Abigail Fisher, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Ariel Knafo-Noam, David Mankuta, Lior Abramson, Sarah E Medland, Nicholas G Martin, Grant W Montgomery, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Gonneke Willemsen, Meike Bartels, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas S Nilsen, Finn Rasmussen, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Paul Lichtenstein, Jack H Goldberg, K Paige Harden, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, José A Maia, Duarte L Freitas, Eric Turkheimer, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Dorret I Boomsma, Jaakko Kaprio
Whether monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins differ from each other in a variety of phenotypes is important for genetic twin modeling and for inferences made from twin studies in general. We analyzed whether there were differences in individual, maternal and paternal education between MZ and DZ twins in a large pooled dataset. Information was gathered on individual education for 218,362 adult twins from 27 twin cohorts (53% females; 39% MZ twins), and on maternal and paternal education for 147,315 and 143,056 twins respectively, from 28 twin cohorts (52% females; 38% MZ twins)...
October 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962011/treatment-of-dissecting-distal-vertebral-artery-v4-aneurysms-with-flow-diverters
#6
Jacquelyn A Corley, Ali Zomorodi, L Fernando Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Dissecting aneurysms of the intracranial vertebral arteries are rare; however, treatment of these presents multiple challenges, including high risk of rebleeding, development of thromboembolic strokes, and progressive partial thrombosis. Flow diverters, such as Pipeline Endovascular Devices (PEDs; Covidien, Medtronic Inc, Dublin, Ireland), have emerged as a potential treatment option. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with patients treated at our institution with PEDs for dissecting distal vertebral artery (V4 segment) aneurysms...
August 9, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930573/molecular-biology-of-amitraz-resistance-in-cattle-ticks-of-the-genus-rhipicephalus
#7
Nicholas N Jonsson, Guilherme Klafke, Sean W Corley, Jason Tidwell, Christina M Berry, Hh Caline Koh-Tan
Amitraz is an important product for the control of cattle ticks around the world. In comparison with other products for the control of ticks, it is quite affordable and it has a rapid knock-down effect. It binds with and activates adrenergic neuro-receptors of animals and it inhibits the action of monoamine oxidases (MAO). Resistance to amitraz has been documented in Rhipicephalus microplus, R. decoloratus and R. appendiculatus. Four mechanisms of resistance have been proposed, each of which is supported by evidence but none of which has been definitively confirmed as the cause of resistance in the field...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922898/brewer-s-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-enhances-attraction-of-two-invasive-yellowjackets-hymenoptera-vespidae-to-dried-fruit-and-fruit-powder
#8
Tamara Babcock, Regine Gries, John Borden, Luis Palmero, Analía Mattiacci, Maité Masciocchi, Juan Corley, Gerhard Gries
The German yellowjacket, Vespula germanica F., and common yellowjacket, Vespula vulgaris L. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), are pests of significant economic, environmental, and medical importance in many countries. There is a need for the development and improvement of attractive baits that can be deployed in traps to capture and kill these wasps in areas where they are a problem. Yellowjackets are known to feed on fermenting fruit, but this resource is seldom considered as a bait due to its ephemeral nature and its potential attractiveness to nontarget species...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913849/ethnic-disparities-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-hispanic-patients-in-a-single-payer-healthcare-system
#9
Alfredo Suarez-Sarmiento, Xiaopan Yao, Jonathan N Hofmann, Jamil S Syed, Wei K Zhao, Mark P Purdue, Wong-Ho Chow, Douglas Corley, Brian Shuch
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites diagnosed with and treated for renal cell carcinoma in an equal access healthcare system. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study within the Kaiser Permanente healthcare system using records from renal cell carcinoma cases. Ethnicity was identified as Hispanic or non-Hispanic whites. Patient characteristics, comorbidities, tumor characteristics and treatment were compared...
October 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906424/accurate-identification-of-colonoscopy-quality-and-polyp-findings-using-natural-language-processing
#10
Jeffrey K Lee, Christopher D Jensen, Theodore R Levin, Ann G Zauber, Chyke A Doubeni, Wei K Zhao, Douglas A Corley
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the ability of a commercially available natural language processing (NLP) tool to accurately extract examination quality-related and large polyp information from colonoscopy reports with varying report formats. BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy quality reporting often requires manual data abstraction. NLP is another option for extracting information; however, limited data exist on its ability to accurately extract examination quality and polyp findings from unstructured text in colonoscopy reports with different reporting formats...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879544/brain-cortical-characteristics-of-lifetime-cognitive-ageing
#11
Simon R Cox, Mark E Bastin, Stuart J Ritchie, David Alexander Dickie, Dave C Liewald, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Paul Redmond, Natalie A Royle, Alison Pattie, Maria Valdés Hernández, Janie Corley, Benjamin S Aribisala, Andrew M McIntosh, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian J Deary
Regional cortical brain volume is the product of surface area and thickness. These measures exhibit partially distinct trajectories of change across the brain's cortex in older age, but it is unclear which cortical characteristics at which loci are sensitive to cognitive ageing differences. We examine associations between change in intelligence from age 11 to 73 years and regional cortical volume, surface area, and thickness measured at age 73 years in 568 community-dwelling older adults, all born in 1936...
September 6, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870603/hormonal-correlates-of-development-and-natal-dispersal-in-wild-female-owl-monkeys-aotus-azarae-of-argentina
#12
Margaret Corley, Claudia Valeggia, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque
Pair-living and socially monogamous primates typically do not reproduce before dispersing. It is currently unclear whether this reproductive suppression is due to endocrine or behavioral mechanisms. Cooperatively breeding taxa, like callitrichids, may forego reproduction in natal groups because they reap inclusive fitness benefits and/or they are avoiding inbreeding. However, neither of these benefits of delayed reproduction appear to adequately explain the lack of reproduction prior to leaving the natal group in pair-living monogamous species...
September 18, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864851/dietary-sugar-starches-intake-and-barrett-s-esophagus-a-pooled-analysis
#13
Nan Li, Jessica Leigh Petrick, Susan Elizabeth Steck, Patrick Terrence Bradshaw, Kathleen Michele McClain, Nicole Michelle Niehoff, Lawrence Stuart Engel, Nicholas James Shaheen, Douglas Allen Corley, Thomas Leonard Vaughan, Marilie Denise Gammon
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the key precursor lesion of esophageal adenocarcinoma, a lethal cancer that has increased rapidly in westernized countries over the past four decades. Dietary sugar intake has also been increasing over time, and may be associated with these tumors by promoting hyperinsulinemia. The study goal was to examine multiple measures of sugar/starches intake in association with BE. This pooled analysis included 472 BE cases and 492 controls from two similarly conducted case-control studies in the United States...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843582/diagnosis-and-predictors-of-sessile-serrated-adenoma-after-educational-training-in-a-large-community-based-integrated-healthcare%C3%A2-setting
#14
Dan Li, John Woolfrey, Sheng-Fang Jiang, Christopher D Jensen, Wei K Zhao, Sanjay Kakar, Monica Santamaria, Greg Rumore, Mary Anne Armstrong, Debbie Postlethwaite, Douglas A Corley, Theodore R Levin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) are precursors of 15% to 30% of colorectal cancers but are frequently underdiagnosed. We sought to measure the SSA detection rate (SDR) and predictors of SSA detection after educational training for community gastroenterologists and pathologists. METHODS: Colonoscopy and pathology data (2010-2014) from 3 medical centers at Kaiser Permanente Northern California were accessed electronically. Gastroenterologists and pathologists attended a training session on SSA diagnosis in 2012...
August 24, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842054/adenoma-detection-rate-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
P Wieszczy, J Regula, M F Kaminski
GOALS: The aim of this paper was to discuss association between adenoma detection rate (ADR) and interval colorectal cancer risk. BACKGROUND: Adenoma detection rate is being used as a benchmark quality measure for colonoscopy. There are three studies showing inverse association between ADR and interval colorectal cancer risk. One recent study reports significant impact of increased ADR on decreasing interval colorectal cancer risk. STUDY: We discussed evidence for using ADR as a quality measures in colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838626/are-pressure-injuries-related-to-skin-failure-in-critically-ill-patients
#16
Jake L Nowicki, Daniel Mullany, Amy Spooner, Tracy A Nowicki, Peta M Mckay, Amanda Corley, Paul Fulbrook, John F Fraser
BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries contribute significantly to patient morbidity and healthcare costs. Critically ill patients are a high risk group for pressure injury development and may suffer from skin failure secondary to hypoperfusion. The aim of this study was to report hospital acquired pressure injury incidence in intensive care and non-intensive care patients; and assess the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ICU patients reported as having a hospital acquired pressure injury to better understand patient factors associated with their development in comparison to ward patients...
August 21, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836939/genetic-influences-on-the-human-oral-microbiome
#17
Brittany A Demmitt, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Matthew C Keller, John K Hewitt, Matthew B McQueen, Rob Knight, Ivy McDermott, Kenneth S Krauter
BACKGROUND: The human oral microbiome is formed early in development. Its composition is influenced by environmental factors including diet, substance use, oral health, and overall health and disease. The influence of human genes on the composition and stability of the oral microbiome is still poorly understood. We studied both environmental and genetic characteristics on the oral microbiome in a large twin sample as well as in a large cohort of unrelated individuals. We identify several significantly heritable features of the oral microbiome...
August 24, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834176/climate-change-related-water-disasters-impact-on-population-health
#18
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Clifton P Thornton, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Annah K Bender, Stella Seal, Andrew Corley
PURPOSE: Rising global temperatures have resulted in an increased frequency and severity of cyclones, hurricanes, and flooding in many parts of the world. These climate change-related water disasters (CCRWDs) have a devastating impact on communities and the health of residents. Clinicians and policymakers require a substantive body of evidence on which to base planning, prevention, and disaster response to these events. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature concerning the impact of CCRWDs on public health in order to identify factors in these events that are amenable to preparedness and mitigation...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816053/in-vitro-exposure-systems-and-dosimetry-assessment-tools-for-inhaled-tobacco-products-workshop-proceedings-conclusions-and-paths-forward-for-in-vitro-model-use
#19
Holger Behrsing, Erin Hill, Hans Raabe, Raymond Tice, Suzanne Fitzpatrick, Robert Devlin, Kent Pinkerton, Günter Oberdörster, Chris Wright, Roman Wieczorek, Michaela Aufderheide, Sandro Steiner, Tobias Krebs, Bahman Asgharian, Richard Corley, Michael Oldham, Jason Adamson, Xiang Li, Irfan Rahman, Sonia Grego, Pei-Hsuan Chu, Shaun McCullough, Rodger Curren
In 2009, the passing of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act facilitated the establishment of the FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), and gave it regulatory authority over the marketing, manufacture and distribution of tobacco products, including those termed 'modified risk'. On 4-6 April 2016, the Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc. (IIVS) convened a workshop conference entitled, In Vitro Exposure Systems and Dosimetry Assessment Tools for Inhaled Tobacco Products, to bring together stakeholders representing regulatory agencies, academia and industry to address the research priorities articulated by the FDA CTP...
July 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815573/impact-of-adenoma-detection-on-the-benefit-of-faecal-testing-vs-colonoscopy-for-colorectal-cancer
#20
Reinier G S Meester, Chyke A Doubeni, Ann G Zauber, Marjolein van Ballegooijen, Douglas A Corley, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar
Colonoscopy quality, as measured by adenoma detection rates, varies widely across providers and is inversely related to patients' post-colonoscopy cancer risk. This has unknown consequences for the benefits of faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) vs. primary colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer. Using an established microsimulation model, we predicted the lifetime colorectal cancer incidence and mortality benefits of annual FIT vs. 10-yearly colonoscopy screening at differing ADR levels (quintiles; averages 15...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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