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Viable allograft

Brian R Waterman, William Arroyo, Eric J Cotter, Michael A Zacchilli, E'Stephan J Garcia, Brett D Owens
Background: There remains a debate over whether to retain the index anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft in the setting of septic arthritis. Purpose: To evaluate and compare clinical outcomes for the treatment of septic arthritis after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in those with and without early graft retention. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: The Military Health System was queried for all ACLR procedures performed between 2007 and 2013...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Christian B Theodotou, George M Ghobrial, Andrew L Middleton, Michael Y Wang, Allan D Levi
BACKGROUND: Cervical facet dislocations are among the most common traumatic spinal injuries. Posterior, anterior, and combined surgical approaches have been described and are widely debated. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate efficacy in anterior-only surgical management for subaxial cervical facet dislocations. METHODS: A consistent surgical algorithm for cervical facet dislocation was applied over a 19-yr period and analyzed retrospectively in adults with acute unilateral or bilateral facet dislocation of the subaxial cervical spine...
March 14, 2018: Neurosurgery
Souheil El-Chemaly, Kevin J O'Brien, Steven D Nathan, Gerald L Weinhouse, Hilary J Goldberg, Jean M Connors, Ye Cui, Todd L Astor, Philip C Camp, Ivan O Rosas, Merte Lemma, Vladislav Speransky, Melissa A Merideth, William A Gahl, Bernadette R Gochuico
Pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive, fatal manifestation of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS). Some patients with advanced HPS pulmonary fibrosis undergo lung transplantation despite their disease-associated bleeding tendency; others die while awaiting donor organs. The objective of this study is to determine the clinical management and outcomes of a cohort with advanced HPS pulmonary fibrosis who were evaluated for lung transplantation. Six patients with HPS-1 pulmonary fibrosis were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center and one of two regional lung transplant centers...
2018: PloS One
Matteo Bossi, Matteo Tozzi, Marco Franchin, Stefania Ferraro, Nicola Rivolta, Massimo Ferrario, Chiara Guttadauro, Patrizio Castelli, Gabriele Piffaretti
Background : This study aimed to present cases with cryopreserved human allografts (CHAs) for vascular reconstruction in both aortic and peripheral infected prosthetic grafts. Materials and Methods : This is a single center, observational descriptive study with retrospective analysis. In all cases, the infected prosthetic graft material was completely removed. At discharge, patients were administered anticoagulants. Follow-up examinations included clinical visits, echo-color-Doppler ultrasounds, or computed tomography angiography within 30 days and at 3, 6, and 12 months after the treatment, and then twice per year...
December 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Charles A Baumann, John R Baumann, Chantelle C Bozynski, Aaron M Stoker, James P Stannard, James L Cook
Articular defects are a major problem with few effective treatment options. Osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation can be an effective treatment; however, lack of OCA bone integration can cause failure. This controlled laboratory study was designed to compare clinically applicable methods for marrow element removal and enhanced delivery of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMC) to OCA bone. We hypothesized that compressed carbon dioxide (CO2 ) treatment of OCA bone would result in significantly better marrow element removal, significantly more retention and distribution of viable osteoprogenitor cells, and significantly higher osteoinductive protein elution from OCAs compared with other preimplantation treatments...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Jamie L R Romeo, Grigorios Papageorgiou, Pieter C van de Woestijne, Johanna J M Takkenberg, Lauren E H Westenberg, Ingrid van Beynum, Ad J J C Bogers, Mostafa M Mokhles
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine long-term results with bicuspidalized allografts compared to non-bicuspidalized allografts in children under 2 years undergoing primary correction of the right ventricular outflow tract. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive bicuspidalized allografts were compared to 45 consecutive non-bicuspidalized allografts implanted during the same period. Valve-related events were analysed with Kaplan-Meier and Cox-regression techniques...
March 3, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Hou-Tsung Chen, Cheng-Ta Wu, Tsan-Wen Huang, Hsin-Nung Shih, Jun-Wen Wang, Mel S Lee
Using morselized and structural allograft to restore bone stock for massive acetabular bone defect in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an appealing procedure. However, concerns about inability to achieve long-term stability following allograft resorption remained. From 2003 to 2012, 59 hips in 58 patients undergoing revision THA for Paprosky type II or III acetabular defects were retrospectively reviewed. The acetabular defects were managed with deep-frozen morselized and structural allografts, and a press-fit cementless cup along with supplementary screws...
2018: BioMed Research International
Jianwu Chen, Dongliang Zhang, Tao Zhang, Chen Chen, Yajuan Song, Shiqiang Liu, Yingjun Su, Shuzhong Guo
BACKGROUND: Vascularized composite allograft (VCA), such as hand and face allograft, contains a vascularized bone component that may provide an immunologic benefit and induce tolerance for the simultaneous inclusion of marrow cells and a marrow microenvironment. We developed a chimeric groin cutaneous/femur flap to investigate the effect of vascularized bone marrow on VCA survival and its ability to induce chimerism. METHODS: Brown Norway and Lewis rats were used as donors and recipients, respectively...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Andreas Habertheuer, Laxminarayana Korutla, Susan Rostami, Sanjana Reddy, Priti Lal, Ali Naji, Prashanth Vallabhajosyula
OBJECTIVE: In heart transplantation, there is a critical need for development of biomarkers to noninvasively monitor cardiac allografts for immunologic rejection or injury. Exosomes are tissue-specific nanovesicles released into circulation by many cell types. Their profiles are dynamic, reflecting conditional changes imposed on their tissue counterparts. We proposed that a transplanted heart releases donor-specific exosomes into the recipient's circulation that are conditionally altered during immunologic rejection...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Syed-Saif Abbas Rizvi, Jessica G Y Luc, Jae Hwan Choi, Kevin Phan, Ester Moncho Escrivà, Sinal Patel, H Todd Massey, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
Background: Long-term efficacy of heart retransplantation (RTx) for end-stage cardiac allograft failure remains unclear given the limited worldwide experience and is an important question to elucidate given the shortage of donor organs. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the outcomes of RTx in patients with cardiac allograft failure. Methods: Electronic search was performed to identify all studies in the English literature assessing RTx for cardiac allograft failure...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Haruo Yamauchi, Minoru Ono
Aortic root replacement with a cryopreserved allograft aortic valve is effective for active infectious endocarditis and prosthetic valve endocarditis, especially with a perivalvular abscess, since an allograft seems to be resistant to infection by maintaining viable cells under the process of programmed freezing. From December 1998 to March 2017, aortic root replacement with allograft aortic valves were performed in 38 patients in the University of Tokyo. The in-hospital mortality was 18%, the 5-year survival rate was 68%, and the 5-year freedom rate of reoperation was 75%...
January 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Ahmed Mahmoud, James Young, Joanne Bullock-Saxton, Peter Myers
PURPOSE: To evaluate the survivorship of meniscal allograft transplantations (MATs), their clinical outcomes, and to compare the effect of perioperative cartilage status on survivorship. METHOD: A consecutive series of MATs with a minimum postsurgical time of 4 years were included from a prospectively collected database from 2001 to 2015. Mechanical failure was defined as transplant removal or knee arthroplasty. The effect of peri-operative cartilage status on survivorship was analyzed using a Kaplan-Meier analysis...
February 23, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Jarret M Woodmass, Heath P Melugin, Isabella T Wu, Daniel B F Saris, Michael J Stuart, Aaron J Krych
Isolated cartilage defects can lead to significant pain and disability, prompting the development of a number of options for restorative treatment. Each method has advantages and limitations, and no single technique has gained widespread use. We present a technique for implantation of a cryopreserved osteochondral allograft (Cartiform) for the treatment of full-thickness cartilage defects. Cartiform is a cryopreserved osteochondral allograft composed of chondrocytes, chondrogenic growth factors, and extracellular matrix proteins...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Tej D Azad, Michele Donato, Line Heylen, Andrew B Liu, Shai S Shen-Orr, Timothy E Sweeney, Jonathan Scott Maltzman, Maarten Naesens, Purvesh Khatri
Late allograft failure is characterized by cumulative subclinical insults manifesting over many years. Although immunomodulatory therapies targeting host T cells have improved short-term survival rates, rates of chronic allograft loss remain high. We hypothesized that other immune cell types may drive subclinical injury, ultimately leading to graft failure. We collected whole-genome transcriptome profiles from 15 independent cohorts composed of 1,697 biopsy samples to assess the association of an inflammatory macrophage polarization-specific gene signature with subclinical injury...
January 25, 2018: JCI Insight
Cesar Ariel Keller, Thomas Arthur Gonwa, David Orel Hodge, Derek Joseph Hei, John Michael Centanni, Abba Chedi Zubair
Feasibility, tolerance, and safety of intravenous infusions of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in lung transplant recipients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) are not well established. MSCs were manufactured, cryopreserved, transported to our facility, thawed, and infused into nine recipients with moderate BOS (average drop in forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 56.8% ± 3.2% from post-transplant peak) who were refractory to standard therapy and not candidates for retransplant...
February 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Domagoj Coric, Richard D Guyer, Pierce D Nunley, David Musante, Cameron Carmody, Charles Gordon, Carl Lauryssen, Margaret O Boltes, Donna D Ohnmeiss
OBJECTIVE Seven cervical total disc replacement (TDR) devices have received FDA approval since 2006. These devices represent a heterogeneous assortment of implants made from various biomaterials with different biomechanical properties. The majority of these devices are composed of metallic endplates with a polymer core. In this prospective, randomized multicenter study, the authors evaluate the safety and efficacy of a metal-on-metal (MoM) TDR (Kineflex|C) versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of single-level spondylosis with radiculopathy through a long-term (5-year) follow-up...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Jia Hau Liu, Christopher G Kanakry, Leo Luznik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo SCT) and umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation (UCB SCT) have emerged over the past two to three decades as viable sources of alternative donor SCT when a human leukocyte antigen matched donor is not available. However, which of these two donor types is optimal for patients with leukemia in need of allografting is unknown. RECENT FINDINGS: For patients with acute leukemia, results of UCB SCT have been improved by the use of double umbilical cord units and emerging ex-vivo expansion technologies...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Hematology
Xingbo P Sun, Amy G Wilson, Georgina M Michael
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common conditions encountered by a podiatric physician. Although most individuals respond well to traditional conservative and surgical remedies, a portion of patients will exhaust all available treatment options and will experience ongoing pain that can ultimately affect their quality of life. There has been an increase in scientific and clinical research surrounding the medical use of human placental membranes (HPMs) and many of these point-of-care allografts are now commercially available...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Eric L Johnson, Elisabet K Tassis, Georgina M Michael, Susan G Whittinghill
RATIONALE: Occupational burn injuries can be detrimental and difficult to manage. The majority of complex cases are referred and managed at regional burn centers where access to specialized care is available. As an alternative to hospitalization with staged surgical procedures, placental products may be used for outpatient medical management of these common burn injuries, especially if access to a regional burn center is limited or restricted.Fresh amnion has been a treatment of choice in burns for more than 100 years...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kavit R Amin, Alexandra L Ball, Chandanpreet Chhina, Rebecca J Edge, John P Stone, William R Critchley, Jason K Wong, James E Fildes
BACKGROUND: Passenger leucocytes and inflammatory debris transferred from the donor limb to the recipient can induce allorecognition, which activates the host immune response. This is the first study to evaluate whether the transfer of this inflammatory burden can be reduced via post-preservation flush prior to revascularisation, and whether this is influenced by ischaemia. METHODS: Bilateral forelimbs from the same pig were procured and infused with preservation flush and stored on ice...
February 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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